Latinized form of the Greek name Δαμοκλης (Damokles)
, which was derived from δαμος (damos)
"the people" (a Doric Greek variant of δημος (demos)
) and κλεος (kleos)
"glory". In Greek legend Damocles was a member of the court of Dionysius the Elder, the king of Syracuse. Damocles expressed envy of the king's station so Dionysius offered to switch roles with him for a day. To illustrate to Damocles the peril of a man in his position he suspended a sword over the throne.