Other Forms FormsNicopolitianus (latinized)
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Contributor Contrib.Lucille on 1/30/2019
Derived from Latin Nicopolitanus meaning "Nicopolitan, Nicopolite", as in: a citizen of Nicopolis. Also compare the Greek word πολίτης (polites) meaning "citizen, freeman".Nicopolis was the capital city of the Roman province of Epirus Vetus, located in what is now western Greece. It was founded in 28 BC by the Roman emperor Augustus, who gave it the Greek name of Νικόπολις (Nikopolis), which meant "city of victory", derived from Greek νίκη (nike) meaning "victory" combined with Greek πόλις (polis) meaning "city".Nikopolitianos is the name of a 4th-century martyr and saint of Sebaste (which is now Sivas in Turkey), whose feast day is on November 3 (Julian) and 16 (Gregorian). He is better known under the name Nictopolion, which is a variant transcription of Niktopolion, the Russian form of his name. The Russian form is possibly derived from a Greek corruption of his name, which was probably Νυκτοπολιων (Nyktopolion) or something close to it. Because of this corruption, the saint's name is sometimes thought to mean "night wanderer", due to association with the Greek adjective νυκτιπόλος (nyktipolos) meaning "roaming by night". The meaning of "many nights" or "much of the night" has also been encountered, as some people thought that the name was derived from the Greek noun νύξ (nyx) meaning "night" (see Nyx) combined with the Greek adjective πολύς (polys) meaning "many" as well as "much".