Given Name PETER

GENDER: Masculine
PRONOUNCED: PEE-tər (English), PE-tu (German), PAY-tər (Dutch), PE-tər (Danish, Slovene), PE-ter (Slovak)   [details]

Meaning & History

Derived from the Greek Πετρος (Petros) meaning "stone". This is a translation used in most versions of the New Testament of the name Cephas, meaning "stone" in Aramaic, which was given to the apostle Simon by Jesus (compare Matthew 16:18 and John 1:42). Simon Peter was the most prominent of the apostles during Jesus' ministry and is often considered the first pope.

Due to the renown of the apostle, this name became common throughout the Christian world (in various spellings). In England the Normans introduced it in the Old French form Piers, which was gradually replaced by the spelling Peter starting in the 15th century.

Besides the apostle, other saints by this name include the 11th-century reformer Saint Peter Damian and the 13th-century preacher Saint Peter Martyr. It was also borne by rulers of Aragon, Portugal, and Russia, including the Russian tsar Peter the Great (1672-1725), who defeated Sweden in the Great Northern War. Famous fictional bearers include Peter Rabbit from Beatrix Potter's children's books, and Peter Pan, the boy who refused to grow up in J. M. Barrie's 1904 play.

Categories

Alien characters, apostles, biblical, books of the Bible, DC Comics characters, directors, Disney characters, Divergent characters, English verbs, Family Guy characters, Ghostbusters, Harry Potter characters, kings, literature, Mad Men characters, Marvel characters, movies, Narnia characters, Peter Pan characters, popes, Quantico characters, Romeo and Juliet characters, RWBY characters, saints, smooth jazz, Star Wars actors, The Office US characters
VARIANTS: Piers (English (British)), Petrus (German), Petrus, Pieter, Pier (Dutch), Peder, Petter (Swedish), Peder, Petter (Norwegian), Peder (Danish)
DIMINUTIVES: Pete (English), Piet (Dutch), Peer, Pehr, Pelle, Per (Swedish), Peer, Per (Norwegian), Peer, Per (Danish)
FEMININE FORMS: Petra, Petrina (English), Peta (English (Australian)), Petra (Dutch), Petra (Swedish), Petra (Slovene), Petra (Slovak)
OTHER LANGUAGES/CULTURES: Pjetër (Albanian), Botros, Boutros, Butrus (Arabic), Bedros, Petros (Armenian), Peru, Petri, Peio (Basque), Petros (Biblical Greek), Petrus (Biblical Latin), Per, Perig, Pierrick (Breton), Petar, Penko (Bulgarian), Pere (Catalan), Botros, Boutros, Butrus (Coptic), Petru (Corsican), Petar, Pejo, Perica, Pero (Croatian), Petr (Czech), Petro (Esperanto), Peeter (Estonian), Petur (Faroese), Petri, Petteri, Pietari, Pekka (Finnish), Pierre, Pierrick (French), Pitter (Frisian), Petre (Georgian), Petros (Greek), Pika (Hawaiian), Péter, Peti (Hungarian), Pétur (Icelandic), Peadar, Piaras (Irish), Pietro, Pier, Pierino, Piero (Italian), Pitter, Pit (Limburgish), Petras (Lithuanian), Petar, Petre, Pece, Pero (Macedonian), Petera (Maori), Piers (Medieval French), Petruccio (Medieval Italian), Pèire (Occitan), Piotr (Polish), Pedro, Pedrinho (Portuguese), Petre, Petru, Petrică (Romanian), Pyotr, Petia, Petya (Russian), Pedru (Sardinian), Peadar (Scottish), Petar, Pejo, Perica, Pero (Serbian), Pedro (Spanish), Petro (Ukrainian), Pedr (Welsh)
SAME SPELLING: Péter
  United States
2016
  Australia (NSW)
not
ranked
2016
  Canada (BC)
not
ranked
2015
  Czech Republic
not
ranked
2014
  Denmark
not
ranked
2015
  England and Wales
2016
  France
not
ranked
2015
  Hungary
2015
  Ireland
2015
  Netherlands
2016
  New Zealand
not
ranked
2016
  Northern Ireland
2015
  Norway
not
ranked
2015
  Scotland
not
ranked
2016
  Slovenia
2016
  Switzerland
not
ranked
2013

Sources & References

  • Elizabeth Gidley Withycombe, The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names (1945)