EMMANUEL m Biblical, French, English
From the Hebrew name עִמָּנוּאֵל ('Immanu'el)
meaning "God is with us"
, from the roots עִם ('im)
meaning "with" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". This was the foretold name of the Messiah in the Old Testament. It has been used in England since the 16th century in the spellings Emmanuel
, though it has not been widespread. The name has been more common in continental Europe, especially in Spain and Portugal (in the spellings Manuel
EMMERICH m German, Ancient Germanic
Germanic name, in which the second element is ric
meaning "ruler". The first element may be ermen
"whole, universal" (making it a relative of Ermenrich
"work, labour" (making it a relative of Amalric
) or heim
"home" (making it a relative of Henry
). It is likely that several forms merged into a single name.
EMMET m English
Variant of EMMETT
. It is used in Ireland in honour of the nationalist and rebel Robert Emmet (1778-1803).
EMMETT m English
From an English surname that was derived from a diminutive of the feminine given name EMMA
EMRE m Turkish
Means "friend, brother"
in Turkish. This name was borne by the 13th-century Turkish poet Yunus Emre.
EMRYS m Welsh
Welsh form of AMBROSE
. Emrys Wledig (or Ambrosius Aurelianus) was a Romano-British military leader who fought against the invading Anglo-Saxons in the 5th century. Tales of his life were used by the 12th-century chronicler Geoffrey of Monmouth to create the character of Merlin, who he called Merlinus Ambrosius or Myrddin Emrys.
ENDYMION m Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek ενδυειν (endyein)
meaning "to dive into, to enter"
. In Greek mythology he was an Aeolian mortal loved by the moon goddess Selene
, who asked Zeus
to grant him eternal life. Zeus complied by putting him into an eternal sleep in a cave on Mount Latmos.
ENEKO m Basque
Possibly derived from Basque ene
"my" and ko
, a diminutive suffix. This was the name of the first king of Pamplona or Navarre (9th century), whose name is usually rendered as Íñigo
ENGEL m German (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Originally this was a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element angil
, referring to the Germanic tribe known in English as the Angles. Since the Middle Ages it has been firmly associated with the German word engel
ENGELBERT m German, Ancient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements angil
, the name of a Germanic tribe known in English as the Angles, and beraht
"bright". Saint Engelbert was a 13th-century archbishop of Cologne murdered by assassins.
ENGUERRAND m Medieval French
Medieval French form of the Germanic name Engilram
, which was composed of the elements angil
, the name of a Germanic tribe known in English as the Angles, and hramn
"raven". This was the name of several French nobles from Picardy.
ENKI m Sumerian Mythology
From Sumerian 𒂗 (en)
meaning "lord" and 𒆠 (ki)
meaning "earth, ground" (though maybe originally from 𒆳 (kur)
meaning "underworld, mountain"). Enki, called Ea
by the Akkadians, Assyrians and Babylonians, was the Sumerian god of water and wisdom and the keeper of the Me, the divine laws.
ENLIL m Sumerian Mythology
From Sumerian 𒂗 (en)
meaning "lord" and possibly 𒆤 (lil)
meaning "wind". Enlil was the Sumerian god of the wind and storms, the son of An
. He was later worshipped by the Akkadians, Assyrians, Babylonians, and other Mesopotamian peoples.
ÉNNA m Irish
Possibly means "bird-like"
in Irish. This was the name of several Irish kings and heroes. It was also borne by a 6th-century saint who built the monastery of Killeany.
ENNIO m Italian
Italian form of the Roman family name Ennius
, which is of unknown meaning. Quintus Ennius was an early Roman poet.
ENNIS m English
From an Irish surname that was derived from inis
ENRICO m Italian
Italian form of HENRY
. Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) was an Italian physicist who did work on the development of the nuclear bomb.
ENZO m Italian
The meaning of this name is uncertain. In some cases it seems to be an old Italian form of HEINZ
, though in other cases it could be a variant of the Germanic name ANZO
. In modern times it is also used as a short form of names ending in enzo
, such as VINCENZO
EOFORWINE m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements eofor
"boar" and wine
"friend". This name was rarely used after the Norman Conquest.
EOGHAN m Irish, Scottish, Irish Mythology
Possibly means "born from the yew tree"
in Irish, though it is possibly derived from EUGENE
. It was borne by several legendary or semi-legendary Irish figures, including a son of Niall
of the Nine Hostages.
EPIFANIO m Spanish, Italian
From the Latin name Epiphanius
, which was from the Greek name Επιφανιος (Epiphanios)
, itself derived from the Greek word επιφανεια (epiphaneia)
meaning "appearance, manifestation"
. This name was borne by a few early saints. It is associated with the event known in English as the Epiphany (Spanish Epifanía
, Italian Epifania
, Latin Epiphania
), the coming of the three Magi to visit the infant Jesus
EPIKTETOS m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek name meaning "newly acquired"
. This was the name of a 1st-century Greek stoic philosopher.
EPIMETHEUS m Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek επιμηθεια (epimetheia)
meaning "hindsight, hindthought"
. In Greek mythology he was a Titan, the brother of the god of forethought Prometheus.
EPIPHANES m Ancient Greek
Means "appearing, manifesting"
in Greek. This was an epithet of two 2nd-century BC Hellenistic rulers: the Seleucid king Antiochus IV and the Ptolemaic king Ptolemy V.
ERAN m Biblical
Means "watchful, vigilant"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is a grandson of Ephraim.
ERASMUS m Late Greek (Latinized)
Derived from Greek ερασμιος (erasmios)
. Saint Erasmus, also known as Saint Elmo, was a 4th-century martyr who is the patron saint of sailors. Erasmus was also the name of a Dutch scholar of the Renaissance period.
ERASTUS m Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Εραστος (Erastos)
. This was the name of an assistant of Paul
mentioned in Acts and two epistles in the New Testament.
ERCAN m Turkish
From Turkish er
meaning "brave man" and can
meaning "soul, life".
ERDMANN m German
Variant of HARTMANN
. It can also be interpreted as meaning "earth man" from German Erde
"earth", and thus was sometimes used as a translation of Adam
EREKLE m Georgian
Georgian form of Herakleios
). This name was borne by two Georgian kings of the Bagrationi dynasty.
ERHAN m Turkish
From Turkish er
"brave man" and han
, which is from the title khan
ERIC m English, Swedish, German, Spanish
Means "ever ruler"
, from the Old Norse name Eiríkr
, derived from the elements ei
"ever, always" and ríkr
"ruler, mighty". A notable bearer was Eiríkr inn Rauda (Eric the Red in English), a 10th-century navigator and explorer who discovered Greenland. This was also the name of several early kings of Sweden, Denmark and Norway.... [more]
ERICH m German
German form of ERIC
. The German novelist Erich Maria Remarque (1898-1970) was the author of All Quiet on the Western Front
ERIK m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian, German, Dutch, English
Scandinavian form of ERIC
. This was the name of kings of Sweden, Denmark and Norway. King Erik IX of Sweden (12th century) is the patron saint of that country.
ERLAND m Swedish, Danish
From the Old Norse byname Erlendr
, which was derived from ørlendr
ERLING m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Means "descendant of the jarl"
, a derivative of the Old Norse word jarl
meaning "chieftain, nobleman, earl".
ERMENRICH m Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic elements ermen
"whole, universal" and ric
"ruler, mighty". Ermenrich (also often called Ermanaric) was a 4th-century Gothic king.
ERMETE m Italian
Derived from Hermetis
, the Latin genitive form of HERMES
, the name of the Greek messenger god.
ERNEST m English, French, Catalan, Polish
Derived from Germanic eornost
. It was introduced to England by the German House of Hanover when they inherited the British throne in the 18th century, though it did not become common until the following century. The American author and adventurer Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) was a famous bearer of the name. It was also used by Oscar Wilde for a character in his comedy The Importance of Being Earnest
EROS m Greek Mythology
in Greek. In Greek mythology he was a young god, the son of Aphrodite
, who was armed with arrows that caused the victim to fall in love.
ERROL m English
From a surname that was originally derived from a Scottish place name. It was popularized as a given name by the Australian actor Errol Flynn (1909-1959).
ERSKINE m Scottish, Irish, English (Rare)
From a surname that was originally derived from the name of a Scottish town meaning "projecting height"
in Gaelic. A famous bearer of the name was the Irish novelist and nationalist Erskine Childers (1870-1922).
ERTUĞRUL m Turkish
From Turkish er
meaning "brave man" and tuğrul
, referring to a mythical bird of prey.
ERWIN m German, Dutch, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic name Hariwini
, composed of the elements hari
"army" and win
"friend". It may have merged somewhat with the Germanic name EBURWIN
. A notable bearer was Erwin Schrödinger (1887-1961), an Austrian physicist who made contributions to quantum theory.
ESAU m Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name עֵשָׂו ('Esaw)
, which possibly meant "hairy"
. In the Old Testament Esau is the elder of the twin sons of Isaac
. Once when he was very hungry he sold his birthright to his twin Jacob
for a bowl of stew. Later Jacob disguised himself as Esau and received the elder son's blessing from the blind Isaac. Esau, also called Edom
, was the ancestor of the Edomites.
ESER f & m Turkish
Means "product, achievement"
ESMÉ m & f English (British)
in Old French. It was first recorded in Scotland, being borne by the first Duke of Lennox in the 16th century. It is now more common as a feminine name.
ESMOND m English (Rare)
Derived from the Old English elements east
"grace" and mund
"protection". This Old English name was rarely used after the Norman Conquest. It was occasionally revived in the 19th century.
ETHAN m English, French, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name אֵיתָן ('Eitan)
meaning "solid, enduring, firm"
. In the Old Testament this name is borne by a few minor characters, including the wise man Ethan the Ezrahite, supposedly the author of Psalm 89.... [more]
ETZEL m Germanic Mythology
Form of ATTILA
used in the medieval German saga the Nibelungenlied
. In the story Etzel is a fictional version of Attila the Hun.
EUDES m Medieval French
Old French form of Audo
). This was the name of an 8th-century French saint. It was also borne by a 9th-century French king.
EUDOXOS m Ancient Greek
From Greek ευδοξος (eudoxos)
meaning "of good repute, honoured"
, itself from ευ (eu)
meaning "good" and δοξα (doxa)
meaning "notion, reputation, honour". This was the name of a 4th-century BC Greek mathematician and astronomer.
EUGENE m English
English form of Eugenius
, the Latin form of the Greek name Ευγενιος (Eugenios)
, which was derived from the Greek word ευγενης (eugenes)
meaning "well born"
. It is composed of the elements ευ (eu)
meaning "good" and γενης (genes)
meaning "born". This was the name of several saints and four popes.... [more]
EUN m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 恩 (eun)
meaning "kindness, mercy, charity" or 銀 (eun)
meaning "silver, money", as well as other hanja characters that are pronounced in the same way. It usually occurs in combination with another character, though it is sometimes used as a stand-alone name.
EURIG m Welsh
Derived from Welsh aur
EURIPIDES m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek Ευριπος (Euripos)
, referring to the strait between Euboea and Boeotia, combined with the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides)
. This was the name of a 5th-century BC Greek tragic poet.
EUSEBIOS m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ευσεβης (eusebes)
, itself derived from ευ (eu)
meaning "good" and σεβω (sebo)
meaning "to worship, to honour". This was the name of several saints.
EUSTACE m English
English form of EUSTACHIUS
, two names of Greek origin that have been conflated in the post-classical period. Saint Eustace, whose is known under both spellings, was a 2nd-century Roman general who became a Christian after seeing a vision of a cross between the antlers of a stag he was hunting. He was burned to death for refusing to worship the Roman gods and is now regarded as the patron saint of hunters. Due to him, this name was common in England during the Middle Ages, though it is presently rare.
EUSTORGIO m Italian
, the Latin form of the Greek name Ευστοργιος (Eustorgios)
, which was from the word ευστοργος (eustorgos)
, a derivative of ευ (eu)
meaning "good" and στεργω (stergo)
meaning "to love, to be content". Saint Eustorgius was a 6th-century bishop of Milan.
EUTYCHUS m Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Ευτυχος (Eutychos)
, which was derived from Greek ευτυχης (eutyches)
. The word was formed of the elements ευ (eu)
meaning "good" and τυχη (tyche)
meaning "chance, luck, fortune". In the New Testament this is the name of a young man who went to sleep while Paul
was preaching and fell from the third story of the building. He was believed to be dead, but later turned out to be alive.
EVELYN f & m English, German
From an English surname that was derived from the given name AVELINE
. In the 17th century when it was first used as a given name it was more common for boys, but it is now regarded as mainly feminine due to association with the related name Evelina
EVERARD m English (Rare)
Means "brave boar"
, derived from the Germanic elements ebur
"wild boar" and hard
"brave, hardy". The Normans introduced it to England, where it joined the Old English cognate Eoforheard
. It has only been rarely used since the Middle Ages. Modern use of the name may be inspired by the surname Everard
, itself derived from the medieval name.
EVREN m & f Turkish
Means "cosmos, the universe"
in Turkish. In Turkic mythology the Evren is a gigantic snake-like dragon.
EVRON m Hebrew (Rare)
From a biblical place name, also called עַבְדּוֹן ('Avdon)
meaning "servile", for which it may be a clerical error.
EWART m English
From an English and Scottish surname that was either based on a Norman form of EDWARD
, or else derived from a place name of unknown meaning.
EZEKIEL m Biblical, English
From the Hebrew name יְחֶזְקֵאל (Yechezqel)
meaning "God will strengthen"
, from the roots חָזַק (chazaq)
meaning "to strengthen" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". Ezekiel is a major prophet of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Ezekiel. He lived in Jerusalem until the Babylonian conquest and captivity of Israel, at which time he was taken to Babylon. The Book of Ezekiel describes his vivid symbolic visions that predict the restoration of the kingdom of Israel. As an English given name, Ezekiel
has been used since the Protestant Reformation.
EZER m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Seir, as well as several other minor characters.
EZRA m Biblical, English, Hebrew
in Hebrew. Ezra is a prophet of the Old Testament and the author of the Book of Ezra. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. The American poet Ezra Pound (1885-1972) was a famous bearer.