GILGAMESH m Near Eastern Mythology
Possibly means "the ancestor is a young man" in Sumerian. This was the name of a Sumerian hero, later appearing in the Akkadian poem the 'Epic of Gilgamesh'. Gigamesh, with his friend Enkidu, battled the giant Humbaba and stopped the rampage of the Bull of Heaven, besides other adventures. Gilgamesh was probably based on a real person: a king of Erech who ruled around the 27th century BC.
GILLESPIE m Scottish
Anglicized form of Scottish Gille Easbaig
or Irish Giolla Easpuig
both meaning "servant of the bishop".
GILROY m Irish, Scottish
From an Irish surname, either Mac Giolla Ruaidh
, which means "son of the red-haired servant", or Mac Giolla Rí
, which means "son of the king's servant".
GINO m Italian
Italian short form of names ending in gino
GIOACHINO m Italian
Italian form of JOACHIM
. A famous bearer was the Italian composer Gioachino Rossini (1792-1868).
GIOTTO m Italian
Possibly from Ambrogiotto
, a diminutive of AMBROGIO
. This name was borne by Giotto di Bondone (1267-1337), an Italian painter and architect.
GIOVANNI m Italian
Italian form of Iohannes
). The Renaissance painter Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516) and the painter and sculptor Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini (1598-1680) were two famous bearers of this name.
GIRISHA m Hinduism
Means "lord of the mountain" in Sanskrit. This is a name of the Hindu god Shiva
, given because of his abode in the Himalayan Mountains.
GISBERT m German, Ancient Germanic
From a Germanic name in which the second element is beraht
"bright". The first element is probably a shortened form of gisil
"pledge, hostage" (making it a variant of GILBERT
), though it could be related to Gallo-Celtic gaiso
GIUSEPPE m Italian
Italian form of JOSEPH
. Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) was a military leader who united Italy in the 19th century.
GLÆDWINE m Anglo-Saxon
Old English name derived from the elements glæd
"bright" and wine
"friend". This name was not actually recorded in the Old English era, though it is attested starting in the 11th century.
GLANVILLE m English (Rare)
From an English surname which was taken from a Norman place name which possibly meant "domain of (a person named) Gland" in Old French.
GLÁUCIO m Portuguese
Portuguese form of the Roman cognomen Glaucia
, which was derived from Latin glaucus
"bluish grey", ultimately from Greek.
GLAW m & f Welsh
Means "rain" in Welsh. This is a modern Welsh name.
GLEB m Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of the Old Norse name Guðleifr
, which was derived from the elements guð
"god" and leifr
GLENN m Scottish, English
From a Scottish surname which was derived from Gaelic gleann
"valley". A famous bearer of the surname is American astronaut John Glenn (1921-).
GLOOSCAP m New World Mythology
Derived from an Eastern Algonquian phrase meaning "man from nothing". Glooscap (or Gluskabe) was a hero involved in the creation myths of the Wabanaki people of eastern North America.
GLYNDWR m Welsh
From a Welsh surname which was originally derived from a place name meaning "valley water". This name is often given in honour of Owain Glyndwr, a 14th-century Welsh patriot who led a revolt against England.
GNAEUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, which is of unknown Etruscan meaning, though it may be related to Latin naevus
"birthmark". A famous bearer was Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, also known as Pompey the Great, a Roman general of the 1st century BC.
GOBÁN m Irish
Either means "little smith" from Irish gobha
"smith" combined with a diminutive suffix, or else derived from the name of the Irish god GOIBNIU
(which is also a derivative of gobha
GOCHA m Georgian
Meaning unknown, possibly from a Georgian dialectal word meaning "old man".
GODEHARD m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements god
"god" and hard
"hardy, brave". This was the name of an 11th-century saint who was a bishop of Hildesheim.
GODFREY m English
From the Germanic name Godafrid
, which meant "peace of god" from the Germanic elements god
"god" and frid
"peace". The Normans brought this name to England, where it became common during the Middle Ages. A notable bearer was Godfrey of Bouillon, an 11th-century leader of the First Crusade and the first ruler of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.
GODRIC m Anglo-Saxon
Means "power of god", derived from Old English god
combined with ric
"power, rule". This name died out a few centuries after the Norman conquest.
GODWINE m Anglo-Saxon
Means "friend of god", derived from Old English god
combined with wine
"friend". This was the name of the powerful 11th-century Earl of Wessex, the father of King Harold II of England.
GOIBNIU m Irish Mythology
Derived from Irish gobha
meaning "smith". This was the name of the Irish smith god, a provider of weapons for the Tuatha De Danann. He was also skilled at brewing beer.
GÖKHAN m Turkish
From Turkish gök
"sky" and han
, which is from the title khan
GOLIATH m Biblical
Possibly means "uncovered" in Hebrew. This is the name of the giant Philistine who is slain by David
in the Old Testament.
GOMER m & f Biblical
Means "complete" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a grandson of Noah
and the unfaithful wife of the prophet Hosea
GONZALO m Spanish
From the medieval name Gundisalvus
, which was the Latin form of a Germanic name composed of the elements gund
"war" and salv
which is of unknown meaning.
GOPALA m Hinduism
Means "cow protector" from Sanskrit गो (go)
meaning "cow" and पाल (pala)
meaning "guard, protector". This is another name of the Hindu god Krishna
. This name was also borne by the 8th-century founder of the Pala Empire in Bengal.
GOPINATHA m Hinduism
Means "leader of the gopis" in Sanskrit. This is another name of the Hindu god Krishna
, acquired because of his association with the gopis, who are cow-herding girls.
GORAN m Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian
Means "mountain man", derived from South Slavic gora
"mountain". It was popularized by the Croatian poet Ivan Goran Kovačić (1913-1943), who got his middle name because of the mountain town where he was born.
GORDAN m Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian
Derived from South Slavic gord
meaning "dignified". This name and the feminine form Gordana were popularized by the publication of Croatian author Marija Jurić Zagorka's novel 'Gordana' (1935).
GORDIAN m History
From the Roman cognomen Gordianus
which meant "from Gordium", Gordium being the capital of Phrygia in Asia Minor. This is the name by which three Roman emperors are known.
GORDIE m English
Diminutive of GORDON
. A famous bearer was Canadian hockey star Gordie Howe (1928-2016).
GORDON m Scottish, English
From a Scottish surname which was originally derived from a place name meaning "spacious fort". It was originally used in honour of Charles George Gordon (1833-1885), a British general who died defending the city of Khartoum in Sudan.
GORE m English (Rare)
From an English surname meaning "triangular" (from Old English gara
), originally referring to someone who lived on a triangular piece of land. A famous bearer is American writer Gore Vidal (1925-).
GORONWY m Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Meaning unknown. In the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth, he was the lover of Blodeuwedd
. He attempted to murder her husband Lleu
Llaw Gyffes but was himself killed.
GOROU m Japanese
From Japanese 五 (go)
meaning "five" and 郎 (rou)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name for the fifth son. Different combinations of kanji are also possible.
GOTAMA m Hinduism
Means "the best ox" from Sanskrit गो (go)
meaning "ox, cow" and तम (tama)
meaning "best". In Hindu texts this is the name of one of the Saptarshis, or seven sages. This name was also born by an early Indian philosopher who wrote the Nyaya Sutras.
GOTTFRIED m German
German form of GODFREY
. This name was borne by the 13th-century German poet Gottfried von Strassburg and the German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716), one of the inventors of calculus.
GOTTHILF m German (Rare)
Derived from German Gott
"God" and hilf
"help". This name was created in the 17th century.
GOTTHOLD m German (Rare)
Derived from German Gott
"God" and hold
"lovely". This name was created in the 17th century.
GOTTLOB m German (Rare)
Derived from German Gott
"God" and lob
"praise". This name was created in the 17th century.
GOTTSCHALK m German (Archaic)
Derived from the Germanic elements god
"god" and scalc
"servant". Saint Gottschalk was a (perhaps spurious) 11th-century prince of the Wends who was martyred by his brother-in-law.
GOVAD m Persian Mythology
Means "wind" in Persian. This was the name of a Yazata (or angel) associated with the wind in Zoroastrianism.
GOYATHLAY m Native American, Apache
Means "one who yawns" in Apache. This was the real name of the Apache chief Geronimo, who fought against Mexican and American expansion into his territory.
GRADY m Irish, English
From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Grádaigh
meaning "descendant of Grádaigh". The name Grádaigh
means "noble" in Gaelic.
GRAHAM m Scottish, English
From a Scottish surname, originally derived from the English place name Grantham
, which probably meant "gravelly homestead" in Old English. The surname was first taken to Scotland in the 12th century by the Norman baron William de Graham. A famous bearer was Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922), the Scottish-Canadian-American inventor who devised the telephone.
GRANT m English, Scottish
From an English and Scottish surname which was derived from Norman French grand
meaning "great, large". A famous bearer of the surname was Ulysses Grant (1822-1885), the commander of the Union forces during the American Civil War who later served as president. In America the name has often been given in his honour.
GRATIAN m History
From the Roman name Gratianus
, which meant "grace" from Latin gratus
. Saint Gratian was the first bishop of Tours (4th century). This was also the name of a Roman emperor.
GRAY m & f English
From an English surname meaning "grey", originally given to a person who had grey hair or clothing.
GRAYSON m English (Modern)
From an English surname meaning "son of the steward", derived from Middle English greyve
GREGOR m German, Scottish, Slovak, Slovene
German, Scottish, Slovak and Slovene form of GREGORY
. A famous bearer was Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), a Czech monk and scientist who did experiments in genetics.
GREGORY m English
English form of Latin Gregorius
, which was from the Late Greek name Γρηγοριος (Gregorios)
, derived from γρηγορος (gregoros)
meaning "watchful, alert". This name was popular among early Christians, being borne by a number of important saints including Saint Gregory Thaumaturgus (3rd century), Saint Gregory the Illuminator (4th century), Saint Gregory of Nyssa (4th century), Saint Gregory of Nazianzus (4th century), and Saint Gregory of Tours (6th century). It was also borne by the 6th-century pope Saint Gregory I the Great, a reformer and Doctor of the Church, as well as 15 subsequent popes.... [more]
GRESHAM m English (Rare)
From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning "grazing homestead" in Old English.
GRIFFIN m English
Latinized form of GRUFFUDD
. This name can also be inspired by the English word griffin
, a creature with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle, ultimately from Greek γρυψ (gryps)
GRIGORIY m Russian
Russian form of GREGORY
. This name was borne by the Russian mystic Grigoriy Rasputin (1869-1916), more commonly known by only his surname.
GROVER m English
From a surname meaning "grove of trees" from Old English graf
. A famous bearer was the American president Grover Cleveland (1837-1908), who popularized the name in the United States at the end of the 19th century. The name is now associated with a muppet character from the children's television program 'Sesame Street'.
GRUFFUDD m Welsh
Welsh name, the second element deriving from Welsh udd
"lord, prince" but the first element being of uncertain meaning (possibly cryf
"strong"). This was a common name among medieval Welsh royalty. Gruffudd (or Gruffydd) ap Llywelyn was an 11th-century Welsh ruler who fought against England.
GRWN m Welsh
Means "ridge" in Welsh. This is a Welsh name of recent origin.
GUADALUPE f & m Spanish
From a Spanish title of the Virgin Mary
, Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe
, meaning "Our Lady of Guadalupe". Guadalupe is a Spanish place name, the site of a famous convent, which means "river of the wolf" in Arabic. In the 16th century Our Lady of Guadalupe supposedly appeared in a vision to a native Mexican man, and she is now regarded as a patron saint of the Americas.
GUANTING m & f Chinese
From Chinese 冠 (guān)
meaning "cap, crown, headgear" combined with 廷 (tíng)
meaning "court". This name can also be formed from other character combinations.
GUANYU m & f Chinese
From Chinese 冠 (guān)
meaning "cap, crown, headgear" combined with 宇 (yǔ)
meaning "house, eaves, universe". Other character combinations are possible.
GUIDO m Italian, German
Latinized form of WIDO
. This was the name of two 11th-century saints. Other notable bearers include 11th-century music theorist Guido d'Arezzo, 13th-century poet Guido Cavalcanti, and 17th-century painter Guido Reni.
GUIOMAR f & m Portuguese, Spanish, Arthurian Romance
Possibly derived from the Germanic name Wigmar
, which is formed of the elements wig
"war, battle" and meri
"famous". In the medieval 'Lancelot-Grail' cycle he plays a minor role as a cousin of Guinevere, who banishes him after he becomes a lover of Morgan le Fey. In modern Portugal and Spain it is a feminine name.
GUIYING m & f Chinese
From Chinese 桂 (guì)
meaning "laurel, cassia, cinnamon" combined with 英 (yīng)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero". This name can be formed from other character combinations as well.
GUL m & f Urdu, Pashto
Means "flower, rose" in Urdu and Pashto, ultimately from Persian.
GÜNTHER m German, Germanic Mythology
From the Germanic name Gundahar
, derived from the elements gund
"war" and hari
"army, warrior". This was the name of a semi-legendary 5th-century Burgundian king. He appears in the Germanic saga the 'Nibelungenlied', which has him wooing the Icelandic queen Brünhild
. He wins her hand in marriage with the help of the hero Siegfried
. He ultimately betrays Siegfried, but Siegfried's widow Kriemhild
(Günther's sister) takes her revenge upon him.
GUNTRAM m German
Means "war raven" from the Germanic elements gund
"war" and hramn
"raven". This was the name of a 6th-century Frankish king.
GUO m & f Chinese
From Chinese 国 (guó)
meaning "country" or other Chinese characters pronounced in a similar way.
GURGEN m Armenian, Georgian
Derived from Middle Persian gurg
"wolf" combined with a diminutive suffix. This name was borne by several Georgian kings and princes.
GUSTAV m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German
Possibly means "staff of the Goths", derived from the Old Norse elements Gautr
"Goth" and stafr
"staff". However, the root name Gautstafr
is not well attested in the Old Norse period. Alternatively, it might be derived from the Slavic name GOSTISLAV
. This name has been borne by six kings of Sweden, including the 16th-century Gustav I Vasa.
GUSTAVE m French
French form of GUSTAV
. This name was borne by the French artist Gustave Doré (1832-1883).
GUY m English, French
Norman French form of WIDO
. The Normans introduced it to England, where it was common until the time of Guy Fawkes (1570-1606), a revolutionary who attempted to blow up the British parliament. The name was revived in the 19th century, due in part to characters in the novels 'Guy Mannering' (1815) by Sir Walter Scott and 'The Heir of Redclyffe' (1854) by C. M. Yonge.
GWALCHMEI m Welsh Mythology
Derived from Welsh gwalch
"hawk", possibly combined with mei
"May (the month)". This is the name of a character in Welsh legend. He is probably the antecedent of Gawain
from Arthurian romance.
GWENAËL m French, Breton
Means "blessed and generous" from Breton gwenn
"white, fair, blessed" and hael
"generous". Saint Gwenhael was a 6th-century abbot of Brittany.
GWENNEG m Breton
Derived from Breton gwenn
"white, fair, blessed" combined with a diminutive suffix. Saint Gwenneg was an 8th-century monk of Brittany.
GWRTHEYRN m Ancient Celtic
Means "supreme king" from Welsh gor
"over" and teyrn
"king, monarch". It is possible that this is not a name, but a title. Gwrtheyrn (also known as Vortigern) was a 5th-century king of the Britons. It was he who invited Horsa and Hengist to Britain, which eventually led to the Anglo-Saxon conquest of England.
GWYDION m Welsh Mythology
Means "born of trees" in Welsh. In the Mabinogion, Gwydion was the nephew of Math
, and like him a powerful magician. He was the uncle of Lleu
Llaw Gyffes, for whom he fashioned a wife, Blodeuwedd
, out of flowers.
GWYN m Welsh
Means "white, fair, blessed" in Welsh.
GWYNEDD f & m Welsh
From the name of a region in Wales, named after an ancient kingdom, which may be derived from the old Welsh given name Cunedda
GWYNFOR m Welsh
Derived from the Welsh element gwyn
"white, fair, blessed" combined with mawr
GYATSO m Tibetan
From Tibetan རྒྱ་མཚོ (rgya-mtsho)
meaning "ocean". This is one of the given names of the current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso (1935-).
GYEONG m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 京 (gyeong)
meaning "capital city", 景 (gyeong)
meaning "scenery, view", 敬 (gyeong)
meaning "respect, honour", or other hanja characters with the same pronunciation. It usually occurs in combination with another character, though it is sometimes used as a stand-alone name.
GYULA m Hungarian
From a Hungarian royal title, which was probably of Turkic origin. This name is also used as a Hungarian form of JULIUS
HABAKKUK m Biblical
From the Hebrew name חֲבַקּוּק (Chavaqquq)
meaning "embrace". In the Old Testament this is one of the twelve minor prophets, the author of the Book of Habakkuk.
HACHIROU m Japanese
From Japanese 八 (hachi)
meaning "eight" and 郎 (rou)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name for the eighth son. Other kanji combinations are also possible.