GUIOMAR f & m Portuguese, Spanish, Arthurian Romance
Possibly derived from the Germanic name Wigmar
, which is formed of the elements wig
"war, battle" and meri
"famous". In the medieval 'Lancelot-Grail' cycle he plays a minor role as a cousin of Guinevere, who banishes him after he becomes a lover of Morgan le Fey. In modern Portugal and Spain it is a feminine name.
GUIYING m & f Chinese
From Chinese 桂 (guì)
meaning "laurel, cassia, cinnamon" combined with 英 (yīng)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero". This name can be formed from other character combinations as well.
GUL m & f Urdu, Pashto
Means "flower, rose" in Urdu and Pashto, ultimately from Persian.
GÜNTHER m German, Germanic Mythology
From the Germanic name Gundahar
, derived from the elements gund
"war" and hari
"army, warrior". This was the name of a semi-legendary 5th-century Burgundian king. He appears in the Germanic saga the 'Nibelungenlied', which has him wooing the Icelandic queen Brünhild
. He wins her hand in marriage with the help of the hero Siegfried
. He ultimately betrays Siegfried, but Siegfried's widow Kriemhild
(Günther's sister) takes her revenge upon him.
GUNTRAM m German
Means "war raven" from the Germanic elements gund
"war" and hramn
"raven". This was the name of a 6th-century Frankish king.
GUO m & f Chinese
From Chinese 国 (guó)
meaning "country" or other Chinese characters pronounced in a similar way.
GURGEN m Armenian, Georgian
Derived from Middle Persian gurg
"wolf" combined with a diminutive suffix. This name was borne by several Georgian kings and princes.
GUSTAV m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German
Possibly means "staff of the Goths", derived from the Old Norse elements Gautr
"Goth" and stafr
"staff". However, the root name Gautstafr
is not well attested in the Old Norse period. Alternatively, it might be derived from the Slavic name GOSTISLAV
. This name has been borne by six kings of Sweden, including the 16th-century Gustav I Vasa.
GUSTAVE m French
French form of GUSTAV
. This name was borne by the French artist Gustave Doré (1832-1883).
GUY m English, French
Norman French form of WIDO
. The Normans introduced it to England, where it was common until the time of Guy Fawkes (1570-1606), a revolutionary who attempted to blow up the British parliament. The name was revived in the 19th century, due in part to characters in the novels 'Guy Mannering' (1815) by Sir Walter Scott and 'The Heir of Redclyffe' (1854) by C. M. Yonge.
GWALCHMEI m Welsh Mythology
Derived from Welsh gwalch
"hawk", possibly combined with mei
"May (the month)". This is the name of a character in Welsh legend. He is probably the antecedent of Gawain
from Arthurian romance.
GWENAËL m French, Breton
Means "blessed and generous" from Breton gwenn
meaning "white, fair, blessed" and hael
meaning "generous". Saint Gwenhael was a 6th-century abbot of Brittany.
GWENNEG m Breton
Derived from Breton gwenn
meaning "white, fair, blessed" combined with a diminutive suffix. Saint Gwenneg was an 8th-century monk of Brittany.
GWRTHEYRN m Ancient Celtic
Means "supreme king" from Welsh gor
meaning "over" and teyrn
meaning "king, monarch". It is possible that this is not a name, but a title. Gwrtheyrn (also known as Vortigern) was a 5th-century king of the Britons. It was he who invited Horsa and Hengist to Britain, which eventually led to the Anglo-Saxon conquest of England.
GWYDION m Welsh Mythology
Means "born of trees" in Welsh. In the Mabinogion, Gwydion was the nephew of Math
, and like him a powerful magician. He was the uncle of Lleu
Llaw Gyffes, for whom he fashioned a wife, Blodeuwedd
, out of flowers.
GWYN m Welsh
Means "white, fair, blessed" in Welsh.
GWYNEDD f & m Welsh
From the name of a region in Wales, named after an ancient kingdom, which may be derived from the old Welsh given name Cunedda
GWYNFOR m Welsh
Derived from the Welsh element gwyn
meaning "white, fair, blessed" combined with mawr
meaning "great, large".
GYATSO m Tibetan
From Tibetan རྒྱ་མཚོ (rgya-mtsho)
meaning "ocean". This is one of the given names of the current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso (1935-).
GYEONG m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 京 (gyeong)
meaning "capital city", 景 (gyeong)
meaning "scenery, view", 敬 (gyeong)
meaning "respect, honour", or other hanja characters with the same pronunciation. It usually occurs in combination with another character, though it is sometimes used as a stand-alone name.
GYULA m Hungarian
From a Hungarian royal title, which was probably of Turkic origin. This name is also used as a Hungarian form of JULIUS
HABAKKUK m Biblical
From the Hebrew name חֲבַקּוּק (Chavaqquq)
meaning "embrace". In the Old Testament this is one of the twelve minor prophets, the author of the Book of Habakkuk.
HACHIROU m Japanese
From Japanese 八 (hachi)
meaning "eight" and 郎 (rou)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name for the eighth son. Other kanji combinations are also possible.
HADLEY f & m English
From an English surname which was derived from a place name meaning "heather field" in Old English.
HADRIAN m History
From the Roman cognomen Hadrianus
, which meant "from Hadria" in Latin. Hadria was the name of two Roman settlements. The first (modern Adria) is in northern Italy and was an important Etruscan port town. The second (modern Atri) is in central Italy and was named after the northern town. The Adriatic Sea is also named after the northern city.... [more]
HAFIZ m Arabic
Means "custodian, guardian" in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الحفيظ (al-Hafiz)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
HAGEN (1) m German, Germanic Mythology
Derived from the Germanic element hagan
meaning "enclosure". In the Germanic saga the 'Nibelungenlied' he is the half-brother of Günther
. He killed the hero Siegfried
by luring him onto a hunting expedition and then stabbing him with a javelin in his one vulnerable spot.
HAGGAI m Biblical
Means "festive" in Hebrew. This is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament. He was the author of the Book of Haggai, which urges the exiles returning from Babylonia to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.
HAI m & f Chinese
From Chinese 海 (hǎi)
meaning "sea, ocean" or other characters which are pronounced similarly.
HA-JUN m Korean
From Sino-Korean 夏 (ha)
meaning "summer, great, grand" combined with 准 (jun)
meaning "approve, permit". This name can be formed by other hanja characters as well.
HAKEEM m Arabic
Variant transcription of HAKIM
. A famous bearer is Nigerian-born former basketball player Hakeem Olajuwon (1963-).
HÅKON m Norwegian
Modern Norwegian form of the Old Norse name Hákon
, which meant "high son" from há
"high" and konr
"son, descendant". This was the name of seven kings of Norway.
HALDOR m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Hallþórr
, which meant "Thor's rock" from hallr
"rock" combined with the name of the Norse god Þórr
HALE (2) m English
From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning "nook, retreat" from Old English healh
HALFDAN m Norwegian, Danish
From the Old Norse name Hálfdan
, composed of the elements hálfr
"half" and Danr
"Dane", originally a nickname for a person who was half Danish.
HALIM m Arabic
Means "patient, tolerant, mild" in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الحليم (al-Halim)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
HALL m English
From a surname which was derived from Old English heall
"manor, hall", originally belonging to a person who lived or worked in a manor.
HALLAM m English (Rare)
From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning either "at the rocks" or "at the nook" in Old English.
HALLE (1) m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Halli
, a diminutive of names containing the element hallr
HALVARD m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Hallvarðr
, which meant "rock guardian" from hallr
"rock" combined with varðr
HAM m Biblical
Means "hot, warm" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Ham is one of Noah
's three sons, along with Shem
. He was the ancestor of the Egyptians and Canaanites.
HAMILTON m English
From a surname which was derived from Old English hamel
"crooked, mutilated" and dun
"hill". The surname was originally taken from the name of a town in Leicestershire, England (which no longer exists). A famous bearer of the surname was Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804), a founding father of the United States who was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr.
HAMLET m Literature, Armenian
Anglicized form of the Danish name Amleth
. Shakespeare used this name for the Prince of Denmark in his play 'Hamlet' (1600), which he based upon earlier Danish tales.
HAMMOND m English (Rare)
From an English surname which was derived from either the Germanic given name Haimund
which meant "home protection" or else from the Old Norse given name Hámundr
which meant "high protection".
HAMMURABI m Ancient Near Eastern, History
From the Akkadian name Hammu-rapi
, possibly derived from Amorite meaning "uncle is a healer". This was the name of an 18th-century BC king of Babylon who conquered Sumer and Akkad. He is also known for devising a written code of laws.
HAMNET m English (Archaic)
Diminutive of HAMO
. This was the name of a son of Shakespeare who died in childhood. His death may have provided the inspiration for his father's play 'Hamlet'.
HAMZA m Arabic
Possibly derived from Arabic hamuza
meaning "strong, steadfast". This was the name of the uncle of the Prophet Muhammad
who was killed in battle.
HANAN (1) m Biblical
Means "gracious" in Hebrew. This is the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament.
HANK m English
Originally a short form of Hankin
which was a medieval diminutive of JOHN
. Since the 17th century in the United States this name has also been used as a diminutive of HENRY
, probably under the influence of the Dutch diminutive HENK
. A famous bearer is the American former baseball player Hank Aaron (1934-).
HANS m German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
German, Dutch and Scandinavian short form of JOHANNES
. Two famous bearers were Hans Holbein (1497-1543), a Renaissance portrait painter from Germany, and Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), a Danish writer of fairy tales.
HARDING m English
From an English surname which was derived from the Old English given name HEARD
. A famous bearer of the surname was American president Warren G. Harding (1865-1923).
HARDY m English
From a surname which was derived from Middle English hardi
HARI m Hinduism, Indian, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali
Means "brown, yellow, tawny" in Sanskrit, and by extension "monkey, horse, lion". This is another name of the Hindu god Vishnu
, and sometimes of Krishna
. It is also borne by the son of the Garuda, the bird-like mount of Vishnu.
HARLAN m English
From a surname which was from a place name meaning "hare land" in Old English. In America it has sometimes been given in honour of Supreme Court justice John Marshall Harlan (1833-1911).
HARLEY m & f English
From a surname which was from a place name, itself derived from Old English hara
"hare" and leah
HARLOW f & m English
From a surname which was from a place name which was derived from Old English hær
"rock" or here
"army", combined with hlaw
HAROLD m English
From the Old English name Hereweald
, derived from the elements here
"army" and weald
"power, leader, ruler". The Old Norse cognate Haraldr
was also common among Scandinavian settlers in England. This was the name of five kings of Norway and three kings of Denmark. It was also borne by two kings of England, both of whom were from mixed Scandinavian and Anglo-Saxon backgrounds, including Harold II who lost the Battle of Hastings (and was killed in it), which led to the Norman conquest. After the conquest the name died out, but it was eventually revived in the 19th century.
HARPER f & m English
From an Old English surname which originally belonged to a person who played the harp or who made harps. A notable bearer was the American author Harper Lee (1926-2016), who wrote 'To Kill a Mockingbird'.
HARRISON m English
From an English surname which meant "son of HARRY
". This was the surname of two American presidents, William Henry Harrison (1773-1841) and his grandson Benjamin Harrison (1833-1901). The actor Harrison Ford (1942-), who starred in such movies as 'Star Wars' and 'Indiana Jones', is a famous bearer.
HARRY m English
Medieval English form of HENRY
. In modern times it is used as a diminutive of both Henry
. A famous bearer was American president Harry S. Truman (1884-1972). It is also the name of the boy wizard in J. K. Rowling's 'Harry Potter' series of books, first released in 1997.
HARSHA m Indian, Kannada, Telugu, Sanskrit
Means "happiness" in Sanskrit. This was the name of a 7th-century emperor of northern India. He was also noted as an author.
HARTLEY m English
From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning "hart clearing" in Old English.
HARTMANN m German
Means "brave man", derived from the Germanic element hard
"brave, hardy" combined with man
HARU m & f Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male", 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather". Other kanji or kanji combinations can form this name as well.
HARUKA f & m Japanese
From Japanese 遥 (haruka)
meaning "distant, remote". It can also come from 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather" combined with 花 (ka)
meaning "flower, blossom" or 香 (ka)
meaning "fragrance". Additionally, other kanji combinations can form this name.
HARUKI m Japanese
From Japanese 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather" or 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male" combined with 輝 (ki)
meaning "brightness" or 生 (ki)
meaning "living". Other kanji combinations are possible.
HARUTO m Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male", 遥 (haru)
meaning "distant, remote" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather" combined with 斗 (to)
, which refers to a Chinese constellation, or 翔 (to)
meaning "soar, fly". Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
HARVEY m English
From the Breton given name Haerviu
, which meant "battle worthy", from haer
"battle" and viu
"worthy". This was the name of a 6th-century Breton hermit who is the patron saint of the blind. Settlers from Brittany introduced it to England after the Norman conquest. During the later Middle Ages it became rare, but it was revived in the 19th century.
HASAN m Arabic, Turkish, Persian, Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali, Indonesian
Means "handsome", derived from Arabic حسن (hasuna)
meaning "to be beautiful, to be good". Hasan was the son of Ali
and the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad
. He was poisoned by one of his wives and is regarded as a martyr by Shia Muslims. This was also the name of two kings of Morocco. It is sometimes transcribed as Hassan
, though this is a distinct name in Arabic.
HASHIM m Arabic
Means "crusher, breaker" in Arabic. This was the nickname of a great-grandfather of the Prophet Muhammad
. He acquired this nickname because of his practice of crumbling bread and giving it to pilgrims.
HASIM m Arabic
Means "decisive" in Arabic, derived from حسم (hasama)
meaning "to sever, to finish, to decide".
HASSAN m Arabic, Persian, Urdu
Means "beautifier, improver" in Arabic. Hassan ibn Thabit was a 7th-century poet who was a companion of the Prophet Muhammad
. This name is sometimes transcribed as Hasan
, though the two names are spelled distinctly in Arabic.
HAUL m Welsh
Means "sun" in Welsh. This is a modern Welsh name.
HAVEN f & m English
From the English word for a safe place, derived ultimately from Old English hæfen
HAVILAH f & m Biblical
Probably means "to dance, to circle, to twist" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is both a place name and a masculine personal name.
HAYATE m Japanese
From Japanese 颯 (hayate)
meaning "sudden, sound of the wind". Other kanji with the same pronunciation can also form this name.
HAYATO m Japanese
From Japanese 隼 (haya)
meaning "falcon" and 人 (to)
meaning "person". Other kanji combinations can also make up this name.
HAYDEN m & f English
From an English surname which was derived from place names meaning either "hay valley" or "hay hill", derived from Old English heg
"hay" and denu
"valley" or dun
HAYDN m English (British)
From a German surname meaning "heathen". It is used in honour of the Austrian composer Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809).
HAYK m Armenian
Possibly derived from the Armenian word հայ (hay)
meaning "Armenian". This was the name of the legendary forefather of the Armenian people, supposedly a great-great-grandson of Noah
HAYWOOD m English
From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning "fenced wood" in Old English.
HAZAEL m Biblical
Means "God sees" in Hebrew. This was the name of a king of Aram in the Old Testament.
HE f & m Chinese
From Chinese 河 (hé)
meaning "river, stream", 和 (hé)
meaning "harmony, peace", or 荷 (hé)
meaning "lotus, water lily" (which is usually only feminine). Other characters can form this name as well. A famous bearer was the 15th-century explorer Zheng He.
HEARD m Anglo-Saxon
Short form of various Old English names containing the element heard
meaning "brave, hardy".
HEATH m English
From an English surname which denoted one who lived on a heath. It was popularized as a given name by the character Heath Barkley from the 1960s television series 'The Big Valley'.
HEBER (2) m Biblical
Means "enclave" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name is borne by a great-grandson of Jacob
and also by the husband of Jael
HECTOR m English, French, Greek Mythology (Latinized), Arthurian Romance
Latinized form of Greek ‘Εκτωρ (Hektor)
, which was derived from ‘εκτωρ (hektor)
"holding fast", ultimately from εχω (echo)
meaning "to hold, to possess". In Greek legend Hector was one of the Trojan champions who fought against the Greeks. After he killed Achilles
' friend Patroclus
in battle, he was himself brutally slain by Achilles, who proceeded to tie his dead body to a chariot and drag it about. This name also appears in Arthurian legends belonging to King Arthur
's foster father.... [more]
HEDDWYN m Welsh
Derived from the Welsh elements hedd
"peace" and gwyn
"white, fair, blessed".
HEDLEY m English (Rare)
From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning "heather clearing" in Old English.