Russian form of GREGORY
. This name was borne by the Russian mystic Grigoriy Rasputin (1869-1916), more commonly known by only his surname.
From a surname meaning "grove of trees" from Old English graf
. A famous bearer was the American president Grover Cleveland (1837-1908), who popularized the name in the United States at the end of the 19th century. The name is now associated with a muppet character from the children's television program 'Sesame Street'.
From the Old Welsh name Griphiud
, the second element deriving from Welsh udd
"lord, prince" but the first element being of uncertain meaning (possibly cryf
"strong"). This was a common name among medieval Welsh royalty. Gruffudd (or Gruffydd) ap Llywelyn was an 11th-century Welsh ruler who fought against England.
Means "ridge" in Welsh. This is a Welsh name of recent origin.
GUADALUPEf & mSpanish
From a Spanish title of the Virgin Mary
, Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe
, meaning "Our Lady of Guadalupe". Guadalupe is a Spanish place name, the site of a famous convent, derived from Arabic وادي (wadi)
meaning "valley, river" possibly combined with Latin lupus
meaning "wolf". In the 16th century Our Lady of Guadalupe supposedly appeared in a vision to a native Mexican man, and she is now regarded as a patron saint of the Americas.
GUANTINGm & fChinese
From Chinese 冠 (guān)
meaning "cap, crown, headgear" combined with 廷 (tíng)
meaning "court". This name can also be formed from other character combinations.
GUANYUm & fChinese
From Chinese 冠 (guān)
meaning "cap, crown, headgear" combined with 宇 (yǔ)
meaning "house, eaves, universe". Other character combinations are possible.
Latinized form of WIDO
. This was the name of two 11th-century saints. Other notable bearers include 11th-century music theorist Guido d'Arezzo, 13th-century poet Guido Cavalcanti, and 17th-century painter Guido Reni.
GUIOMARf & mPortuguese, Spanish, Arthurian Romance
Possibly derived from the Germanic name Wigmar
, which is formed of the elements wig
"war, battle" and mari
"famous". In the medieval 'Lancelot-Grail' cycle he plays a minor role as a cousin of Guinevere, who banishes him after he becomes a lover of Morgan le Fey. In modern Portugal and Spain it is a feminine name.
GUIYINGm & fChinese
From Chinese 桂 (guì)
meaning "laurel, cassia, cinnamon" combined with 英 (yīng)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero". This name can be formed from other character combinations as well.
GULm & fUrdu, Pashto
Means "flower, rose" in Urdu and Pashto, ultimately from Persian.
GÜNTHERmGerman, Germanic Mythology
From the Germanic name Gundahar
, derived from the elements gund
"war" and hari
"army, warrior". This was the name of a semi-legendary 5th-century Burgundian king. He appears in the Germanic saga the 'Nibelungenlied', which has him wooing the Icelandic queen Brünhild
. He wins her hand in marriage with the help of the hero Siegfried
. He ultimately betrays Siegfried, but Siegfried's widow Kriemhild
(Günther's sister) takes her revenge upon him.
Means "war raven" from the Germanic elements gund
"war" and hramn
"raven". This was the name of a 6th-century Frankish king.
GUOm & fChinese
From Chinese 国 (guó)
meaning "country" or other Chinese characters pronounced in a similar way.
Derived from Middle Persian gurg
"wolf" combined with a diminutive suffix. This name was borne by several Georgian kings and princes.
GUSTAVmSwedish, Norwegian, Danish, German
Possibly means "staff of the Goths", derived from the Old Norse elements Gautr
"Goth" and stafr
"staff". However, the root name Gautstafr
is not well attested in the Old Norse period. Alternatively, it might be derived from the Slavic name GOSTISLAV
. This name has been borne by six kings of Sweden, including the 16th-century Gustav I Vasa.
French form of GUSTAV
. This name was borne by the French artist Gustave Doré (1832-1883).
Norman French form of WIDO
. The Normans introduced it to England, where it was common until the time of Guy Fawkes (1570-1606), a revolutionary who attempted to blow up the British parliament. The name was revived in the 19th century, due in part to characters in the novels 'Guy Mannering' (1815) by Sir Walter Scott and 'The Heir of Redclyffe' (1854) by C. M. Yonge.
Derived from Welsh gwalch
"hawk", possibly combined with mei
"May (the month)". This is the name of a character in Welsh legend. He is probably the antecedent of Gawain
from Arthurian romance.
Means "blessed and generous" from Breton gwenn
meaning "white, fair, blessed" and hael
meaning "generous". Saint Gwenhael was a 6th-century abbot of Brittany.
Derived from Breton gwenn
meaning "white, fair, blessed" combined with a diminutive suffix. Saint Gwenneg was an 8th-century monk of Brittany.
Means "supreme king" from Welsh gor
meaning "over" and teyrn
meaning "king, monarch". It is possible that this is not a name, but a title. Gwrtheyrn (also known as Vortigern) was a 5th-century king of the Britons. It was he who invited Horsa and Hengist to Britain, which eventually led to the Anglo-Saxon conquest of England.
Means "born of trees" in Welsh. In the Mabinogion, Gwydion was the nephew of Math
, and like him a powerful magician. He was the uncle of Lleu
Llaw Gyffes, for whom he fashioned a wife, Blodeuwedd
, out of flowers.
Means "white, fair, blessed" in Welsh.
GWYNEDDf & mWelsh
From the name of a region in Wales, named after an ancient kingdom, which may be derived from the old Welsh given name Cunedda
Derived from the Welsh element gwyn
meaning "white, fair, blessed" combined with mawr
meaning "great, large".
From Tibetan རྒྱ་མཚོ (rgya-mtsho)
meaning "ocean". This is one of the given names of the current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso (1935-).
GYEONGm & fKorean
From Sino-Korean 京 (gyeong)
meaning "capital city", 景 (gyeong)
meaning "scenery, view", 敬 (gyeong)
meaning "respect, honour", or other hanja characters with the same pronunciation. It usually occurs in combination with another character, though it is sometimes used as a stand-alone name.
From a Hungarian royal title, which was probably of Turkic origin. This name is also used as a Hungarian form of JULIUS
From the Hebrew name חֲבַקּוּק (Chavaqquq)
meaning "embrace", from the root חָבַק (chavaq)
. In the Old Testament this is one of the twelve minor prophets, the author of the Book of Habakkuk.
From Japanese 八 (hachi)
meaning "eight" and 郎 (rou)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name for the eighth son. Other kanji combinations are also possible.
HADLEYf & mEnglish
From an English surname which was derived from a place name meaning "heather field" in Old English.
From the Roman cognomen Hadrianus
, which meant "from Hadria" in Latin. Hadria was the name of two Roman settlements. The first (modern Adria) is in northern Italy and was an important Etruscan port town. The second (modern Atri) is in central Italy and was named after the northern town. The Adriatic Sea is also named after the northern town.... [more]
Means "custodian, guardian" in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الحفيظ (al-Hafiz)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
HAGEN (1)mGerman, Germanic Mythology
Derived from the Germanic element hagan
meaning "enclosure". In the Germanic saga the 'Nibelungenlied' he is the half-brother of Günther
. He killed the hero Siegfried
by luring him onto a hunting expedition and then stabbing him with a javelin in his one vulnerable spot.
Means "festive" in Hebrew, from the root חָגַג (chagag)
. This is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament. He was the author of the Book of Haggai, which urges the exiles returning from Babylonia to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.
HAIm & fChinese
From Chinese 海 (hǎi)
meaning "sea, ocean" or other characters which are pronounced similarly.
From Sino-Korean 夏 (ha)
meaning "summer, great, grand" combined with 准 (jun)
meaning "approve, permit". This name can be formed by other hanja characters as well.
Variant transcription of HAKIM
. A famous bearer is Nigerian-born former basketball player Hakeem Olajuwon (1963-).
Modern Norwegian form of the Old Norse name Hákon
, which meant "high son" from há
"high" and konr
"son, descendant". This was the name of seven kings of Norway.
From the Old Norse name Hallþórr
, which meant "Thor's rock" from hallr
"rock" combined with the name of the Norse god Þórr
From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning "nook, retreat" from Old English healh
From the Old Norse name Hálfdan
, composed of the elements hálfr
"half" and Danr
"Dane", originally a nickname for a person who was half Danish.
Means "patient, tolerant, mild" in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الحليم (al-Halim)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
From a surname which was derived from Old English heall
"manor, hall", originally belonging to a person who lived or worked in a manor.
From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning either "at the rocks" or "at the nook" in Old English.
From the Old Norse name Halli
, a diminutive of names containing the element hallr
Means "hot, warm" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Ham is one of Noah
's three sons, along with Shem
. He was the ancestor of the Egyptians and Canaanites.
From Old English ham
meaning "home". This is the name of a Gothic warrior, who appears with his companion of Wudga in some Anglo-Saxon tales (briefly in 'Beowulf').
HAMANmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Meaning uncertain, of Persian origin. In the Book of Esther in the Old Testament Haman, called the Agagite, is an adviser to the Persian king. He plots to have all the Jews in the realm executed, but is foiled by Queen Esther
From a surname which was derived from Old English hamel
"crooked, mutilated" and dun
"hill". The surname was originally taken from the name of a town in Leicestershire, England (which no longer exists). A famous bearer of the surname was Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804), a founding father of the United States who was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr.
Anglicized form of the Danish name Amleth
. Shakespeare used this name for the Prince of Denmark in his play 'Hamlet' (1600), which he based upon earlier Danish tales.
From an English surname which was derived from either the Germanic given name Haimund
which meant "home protection" or else from the Old Norse given name Hámundr
which meant "high protection".
HAMMURABImAncient Near Eastern, History
From the Akkadian name Hammu-rapi
, possibly derived from Amorite meaning "uncle is a healer". This was the name of an 18th-century BC king of Babylon who conquered Sumer and Akkad. He is also known for devising a written code of laws.
Diminutive of HAMO
. This was the name of a son of Shakespeare who died in childhood. His death may have provided the inspiration for his father's play 'Hamlet'.
Possibly derived from Arabic hamuza
meaning "strong, steadfast". This was the name of the uncle of the Prophet Muhammad
who was killed in battle.
Means "gracious" in Hebrew. This is the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament.
Originally a short form of Hankin
which was a medieval diminutive of JOHN
. Since the 17th century in the United States this name has also been used as a diminutive of HENRY
, probably under the influence of the Dutch diminutive HENK
. A famous bearer is the American former baseball player Hank Aaron (1934-).
HANSmGerman, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
German, Dutch and Scandinavian short form of JOHANNES
. Two famous bearers were Hans Holbein (1497-1543), a Renaissance portrait painter from Germany, and Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), a Danish writer of fairy tales.
From an English surname which was derived from the Old English given name HEARD
. A famous bearer of the surname was American president Warren G. Harding (1865-1923).
From a surname which was derived from Middle English hardi
Means "altar, mountain of God" in Hebrew. In the Hebrew Old Testament this word is applied to the altar in the temple in Jerusalem (Ezekiel 43:15).
HARImHinduism, Indian, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali
Means "brown, yellow, tawny" in Sanskrit, and by extension "monkey, horse, lion". This is another name of the Hindu god Vishnu
, and sometimes of Krishna
. It is also borne by the son of the Garuda, the bird-like mount of Vishnu.
From a surname which was from a place name meaning "hare land" in Old English. In America it has sometimes been given in honour of Supreme Court justice John Marshall Harlan (1833-1911).
HARLEYm & fEnglish
From a surname which was from a place name, itself derived from Old English hara
"hare" and leah
HARLOWf & mEnglish
From a surname which was from a place name which was derived from Old English hær
"rock" or here
"army", combined with hlaw
From the Old English name Hereweald
, derived from the elements here
"army" and weald
"power, leader, ruler". The Old Norse cognate Haraldr
was also common among Scandinavian settlers in England. This was the name of five kings of Norway and three kings of Denmark. It was also borne by two kings of England, both of whom were from mixed Scandinavian and Anglo-Saxon backgrounds, including Harold II who lost the Battle of Hastings (and was killed in it), which led to the Norman conquest. After the conquest the name died out, but it was eventually revived in the 19th century.
HARPERf & mEnglish
From an Old English surname which originally belonged to a person who played the harp or who made harps. A notable bearer was the American author Harper Lee (1926-2016), who wrote 'To Kill a Mockingbird'.
From an English surname which meant "son of HARRY
". This was the surname of two American presidents, William Henry Harrison (1773-1841) and his grandson Benjamin Harrison (1833-1901). The actor Harrison Ford (1942-), who starred in such movies as 'Star Wars' and 'Indiana Jones', is a famous bearer.
Medieval English form of HENRY
. In modern times it is used as a diminutive of both Henry
. A famous bearer was American president Harry S. Truman (1884-1972). It is also the name of the boy wizard in J. K. Rowling's 'Harry Potter' series of books, first released in 1997.
From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning "hart clearing" in Old English.
Means "brave man", derived from the Germanic element hard
"brave, hardy" combined with man
HARUm & fJapanese
From Japanese 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male", 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather". Other kanji or kanji combinations can form this name as well.
HARUKAf & mJapanese
From Japanese 遥 (haruka)
meaning "distant, remote". It can also come from 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather" combined with 花 (ka)
meaning "flower, blossom" or 香 (ka)
meaning "fragrance". Additionally, other kanji combinations can form this name.
From Japanese 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather" or 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male" combined with 輝 (ki)
meaning "brightness" or 生 (ki)
meaning "living". Other kanji combinations are possible.
From Japanese 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male", 遥 (haru)
meaning "distant, remote" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather" combined with 斗 (to)
, which refers to a Chinese constellation, or 翔 (to)
meaning "soar, fly". Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
From the Breton given name Haerviu
, which meant "battle worthy", from haer
"battle" and viu
"worthy". This was the name of a 6th-century Breton hermit who is the patron saint of the blind. Settlers from Brittany introduced it to England after the Norman conquest. During the later Middle Ages it became rare, but it was revived in the 19th century.
HASANmArabic, Turkish, Persian, Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali, Indonesian
Means "handsome", derived from Arabic حسن (hasuna)
meaning "to be beautiful, to be good". Hasan was the son of Ali
and the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad
. He was poisoned by one of his wives and is regarded as a martyr by Shia Muslims. This was also the name of two kings of Morocco. It is sometimes transcribed as Hassan
, though this is a distinct name in Arabic.
Means "crusher, breaker" in Arabic. This was the nickname of a great-grandfather of the Prophet Muhammad
. He acquired this nickname because of his practice of crumbling bread and giving it to pilgrims.
Means "decisive" in Arabic, derived from حسم (hasama)
meaning "to sever, to finish, to decide".
HASSANmArabic, Persian, Urdu
Means "beautifier, improver" in Arabic. Hassan ibn Thabit was a 7th-century poet who was a companion of the Prophet Muhammad
. This name is sometimes transcribed as Hasan
, though the two names are spelled distinctly in Arabic.