From the Germanic element hug
, meaning "heart, mind, spirit". It was common among Frankish and French nobility, being borne by Hugh Capet, a 10th-century king of France who founded the Capetian dynasty. The Normans brought the name to England and it became common there, even more so after the time of the 12th-century bishop Saint Hugh of Lincoln, who was known for his charity. This was also the name of kings of Cyprus and the crusader kingdom of Jerusalem. The name is used in Ireland and Scotland as the Anglicized form of Aodh
HUGOmSpanish, Portuguese, English, Dutch, German, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized form of HUGH
. As a surname it has belonged to the French author Victor Hugo (1802-1885), the writer of 'The Hunchback of Notre Dame' and 'Les Misérables'.
HUIf & mChinese
From Chinese 慧 (huì)
meaning "intelligent, wise" (which is usually only feminine), 辉 (huī)
meaning "brightness", besides other characters which are pronounced similarly.
HUITZILOPOCHTLImAztec and Toltec Mythology
Means "southern hummingbird" or "left-handed hummingbird" in Nahuatl. In Aztec mythology he was the god of the sun and war. He was a patron deity of the city of Tenochtitlan (at the site of modern Mexico City).
HUMBERTmFrench, German (Rare), English (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Means "bright warrior", derived from the Germanic elements hun
"warrior, bear cub" and beraht
"bright". The Normans introduced this name to England, though it has always been uncommon there. It was borne by two kings of Italy (called Umberto in Italian), who ruled in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Means "peaceful warrior" from the Germanic elements hun
"warrior, bear cub" and frid
"peace". The Normans introduced this name to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Hunfrith
, and it was regularly used through the Middle Ages. A famous bearer was the American actor Humphrey Bogart (1899-1957), who starred in 'The Maltese Falcon' and 'Casablanca'.
Derived from the ethnic term Hun
, which refers to the nomadic people from Central Asia who expanded into Europe in the 4th century. The word Hun
is from Latin Hunnus
, which is possibly of Turkic origin.
HUNTERm & fEnglish
From an occupational English surname for a hunter, derived from Old English hunta
. A famous bearer was the eccentric American journalist Hunter S. Thompson (1937-2005).
Means "linen weaver" in Hebrew. This was the name of the father of Abihail in the Old Testament.
Means "sword" in Arabic, a derivative of the verb حسم (hasama)
meaning "to sever, to finish, to decide".
Diminutive of HASAN
. Husayn ibn Ali (also commonly transliterated Hussein
) was the son of Ali
and the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad
. His older brother was named Hasan
. The massacre of Husayn and his family was a major event in the split between Shia and Sunni Muslims, which continues to this day. In more recent times this was the name of a king of Jordan (1935-1999).
HUSNIm & fArabic
Derived from Arabic حسن (husn)
meaning "beauty, excellence, goodness".
HWANm & fKorean
From Sino-Korean 煥 (hwan)
meaning "shining, brilliant, lustrous" or other characters which are pronounced similarly. It usually occurs in combination with another character.
HYACINTHUSmGreek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name ‘Υακινθος (Hyakinthos)
, which was derived from the name of the hyacinth flower. In Greek legend Hyakinthos was accidentally killed by Apollo
, who caused a lily to arise from his blood. The name was also borne by several early saints, notably a 3rd-century martyr who was killed with his brother Protus.
From Sino-Korean 慧 (hye)
meaning "bright, intelligent" or other characters which are pronounced in the same way. Although it does appear rarely as a single-character name, it is more often used in combination with another character. A notable bearer was a 6th-century king of Baekje.
HYEONm & fKorean
From Sino-Korean 賢 (hyeon)
meaning "virtuous, worthy, able" or other characters which are pronounced similarly. It usually occurs in combination with another character, though it is sometimes used as a stand-alone name.
HYEON-JEONGf & mKorean
From Sino-Korean 賢 (hyeon)
meaning "virtuous, worthy, able" or 炫 (hyeon)
meaning "shine, glitter" combined with 廷 (jeong)
meaning "court" or 貞 (jeong)
meaning "virtuous, chaste, loyal". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
HYEON-JUf & mKorean
From Sino-Korean 賢 (hyeon)
meaning "virtuous, worthy, able" and 珠 (ju)
meaning "jewel, pearl". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
From Sino-Korean 賢 (hyeon)
meaning "virtuous, worthy, able" or 顯 (hyeon)
meaning "manifest, clear" combined with 祐 (u)
meaning "divine intervention, protection" or 雨 (u)
meaning "rain". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
Derived from Greek ‘υπερ (hyper)
"over". In Greek myth this was the name of a Titan who presided over the sun and light. By Theia he was the father of the sun god Helios, the moon goddess Selene, and the dawn goddess Eos.
Variant of HIRAM
. This name was borne by Hyrum Smith (1800-1844), an early leader within the Mormon church.
Means "eminent" in Welsh. This was the name of a 10th-century king of Wales.
IAGOmWelsh, Galician, Portuguese
Welsh and Galician form of JACOB
. This was the name of two early Welsh kings of Gwynedd. It is also the name of the villain in Shakespeare's tragedy 'Othello' (1603).
Means "moon" in Egyptian. In Egyptian mythology this was the name of a god of the moon, later identified with Thoth
Composed of the Irish elements ior
, of unknown meaning, and flaith
"lord". Saint Iarfhlaith was a 6th-century bishop from Galway, Ireland.
ICARUSmGreek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek Ικαρος (Ikaros)
, of unknown meaning. In Greek myth Icarus was the son of Daedalus
, locked with his father inside the Labyrinth by Minos
. They escaped from the maze using wings devised from wax, but Icarus flew too close to the sun and the wax melted, plunging him to his death.
Means "no glory" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the grandson of Eli
and the son of Phinehas
. This name was also used by Washington Irving for Ichabod Crane, the main character in his short story 'The Legend of Sleepy Hollow' (1820).
From Japanese 一 (ichi)
meaning "one" and 郎 (rou)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name given to the first son. Other combinations of kanji characters are also possible.
Possibly means "interpreter" in Arabic. In the Qur'an this is the name of an ancient prophet. He is traditionally equated with the Hebrew prophet Enoch
Means "ardent lord" from Welsh udd
"lord, prince" combined with ris
"ardent, enthusiastic, impulsive".
Means "lord of the wall", derived from Welsh udd
"lord, prince" combined with gwal
From the Roman family name Egnatius
, meaning unknown, of Etruscan origin. The spelling was later altered to resemble Latin ignis
"fire". This was the name of several saints, including the third bishop of Antioch who was thrown to wild beasts by Emperor Trajan, and by Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), founder of the Jesuits, whose real birth name was in fact Íñigo.
IGORmRussian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian
Russian form of Yngvarr
). The Varangians brought it to Russia in the 10th century. It was borne by two grand princes of Kiev. Famous bearers include Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971), a Russian composer whose most famous work is 'The Rite of Spring', and Igor Sikorsky (1889-1972), the Russian-American designer of the first successful helicopter.
Diminutive of ISAAC
. This was the nickname of the American president Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969), based on the initial sound of his surname.
Spanish form of the Visigothic name Hildefons
, which meant "battle ready", derived from the Germanic elements hild
"battle" and funs
"ready". This was the name of a 7th-century saint, an archbishop of Toledo.
From the Mongolian title il-Khan
meaning "subordinate Khan
", which was first adopted by Genghis Khan's grandson Hulagu, who ruled a kingdom called the Ilkhanate that stretched from modern Iran to eastern Turkey.
İLKAYf & mTurkish
Means "new moon" in Turkish, derived from ilk
"first" and ay
Means "first man" in Turkish, derived from ilk
"first" and er
Means "multitude of land" from Welsh il
"multitude" and tud
"land, people". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh saint who founded the abbey of Llanilltud in Glamorgan.
Derived from Finnish ilma
"air". Ilmarinen is an immortal smith in Finnish mythology, the creator of the sky and the magic mill known as the Sampo. He is one of the main characters in the Finnish epic the 'Kalevala'.
From Sino-Korean 日 (il)
meaning "sun, day" and 成 (seong)
meaning "completed, finished, succeeded". Other hanja character combinations are possible. A notable bearer was Kim Il-sung (1912-1994), the first leader of North Korea.
IME (2)m & fFrisian
Short form of names beginning with the Germanic element ermen
meaning "whole, universal".
Means "he comes in peace" in Egyptian. This was the name of the architect, priest, physician and chief minister to the pharaoh Djoser. Imhotep apparently designed the step pyramid at Saqqara, near Memphis.
Hungarian form of EMMERICH
. This was the name of an 11th-century Hungarian saint, the son of Saint Istvan. He is also known as Emeric.
INDIANAf & mEnglish
From the name of the American state, which means "land of the Indians". This is the name of the hero in the 'Indiana Jones' series of movies, starring Harrison Ford.
INDIGOf & mEnglish (Rare)
From the English word indigo
for the purplish-blue dye or the colour. It is ultimately derived from Greek Ινδικον (Indikon)
"Indic, from India".
INDRAmHinduism, Indian, Hindi, Nepali
Means "possessing drops of rain" from Sanskrit इन्दु (indu)
meaning "a drop" and र (ra)
meaning "acquiring, possessing". Indra is the name of the ancient Hindu warrior god of the sky and rain. He is the chief god in the Hindu text the Rigveda.
INDRAJITmHinduism, Bengali, Indian, Hindi
Means "conqueror of Indra" from the name of the god INDRA
combined with Sanskrit जिति (jiti)
meaning "victory, conquering". In Hindu legend this is another name of Meghanada, the son of Ravana, the king of Sri Lanka. He was given this name by Brahma
after he defeated Indra
Diminutive of INDIANA
. This is the nickname of the hero of the 'Indiana Jones' movies, starring Harrison Ford.
From the Germanic *Ingwaz
, possibly meaning "ancestor". This was the name of an obscure old Germanic fertility god who was considered the ancestor of the tribe the Ingaevones. It is possible he was an earlier incarnation of the god Freyr
INGEf & mDanish, Norwegian, Swedish, German, Dutch
Short form of Scandinavian and German names beginning with the element ing
, which refers to the Germanic god ING
. In Sweden and Norway this is primarily a masculine name, elsewhere it is usually feminine.
From the Old Norse name Ingimárr
, derived from the name of the Germanic god ING
combined with mærr
Variant of INGEMAR
. This name was borne by the Swedish film director Ingmar Bergman (1918-2007).
Medieval Spanish form of ENEKO
. This was the birth name of Saint Ignatius of Loyola, who changed it in honour of Saint Ignatius of Antioch. As such, this name is sometimes regarded as a form of IGNATIUS
English form of ÍÑIGO
. It became well-known in Britain due to the 17th-century English architect Inigo Jones. He was named after his father, a Catholic who was named for Saint Ignatius of Loyola.
From the Late Latin name Innocentius
which was derived from innocens
"innocent". This was the name of several early saints. It was also borne by 13 popes including Innocent III, a politically powerful ruler and organizer of the Fourth Crusade.
ION (2)mGreek Mythology
Of unknown etymology, possibly pre-Greek. According to Greek mythology he was a son of Creusa and Xuthus (or alternatively the god Apollo
). He was said to be the ancestor of the Greek tribe of the Ionians.
Means "handsome lord" from Welsh ior
"lord" and berth
"handsome". This name is used in the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth, where it belongs to a son of Maredudd. This name is sometimes used as a Welsh form of EDWARD