RUAIDHRÍ m Irish
Means "red king" from Irish ruadh
"red" combined with rí
"king". This was the name of the last high king of Ireland, reigning in the 12th century.
RUARC m Irish
Probably an Irish form of HRŒREKR
, introduced by Scandinavian settlers and invaders. Alternatively it may be derived from Irish ruarc
RUDOLF m German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Russian, Armenian
From the Germanic name Hrodulf
, which was derived from the elements hrod
"fame" and wulf
"wolf". It was borne by three kings of Burgundy, as well as several Habsburg rulers of the Holy Roman Empire and Austria. Anthony Hope used this name for the hero in his popular novel 'The Prisoner of Zenda' (1894).
RUDOLPH m English
English form of RUDOLF
, imported from Germany in the 19th century. Robert L. May used it in 1939 for his Christmas character Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer.
RUDYARD m English (Rare)
From a place name meaning "red yard" in Old English. This name was borne by Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936), the author of 'The Jungle Book' and other works, who was named after Rudyard Lake in Staffordshire.
RUFUS m Ancient Roman, English, Biblical
Roman cognomen which meant "red-haired" in Latin. Several early saints had this name, including one mentioned in one of Paul
's epistles in the New Testament. As a nickname it was used by William II Rufus, a king of England, because of his red hair. It came into general use in the English-speaking world after the Protestant Reformation.
RUNAR m Norwegian
Derived from the Old Norse elements rún
"secret lore" and arr
"warrior". This name did not exist in Old Norse, but was created in the modern era.
RUPERT m German, Dutch, English
German variant form of ROBERT
. The military commander Prince Rupert of the Rhine, a nephew of Charles I, introduced this name to England in the 17th century.
RUPINDER m & f Indian (Sikh)
Means "greatest beauty" from Sanskrit रूप (rupa)
meaning "beauty, form" combined with the name of the Hindu god INDRA
, used here to mean "greatest".
RUSLAN m Russian, Tatar, Bashkir, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Azerbaijani, Ossetian, Chechen, Ingush
Form of YERUSLAN
used by Aleksandr Pushkin in his poem 'Ruslan and Ludmila' (1820), which was loosely based on Russian and Tatar folktales of Yeruslan Lazarevich.
RUSSELL m English
From a surname which meant "little red one" in French. A notable bearer of the surname was the agnostic British philosopher Bertrand Russell (1872-1970), who wrote on many subjects including logic, epistemology and mathematics. He was also a political activist for causes such as pacifism and women's rights.
RUSTY m English
From a nickname which was originally given to someone with a rusty, or reddish-brown, hair colour.
RUY m Portuguese, Spanish
Medieval Portuguese and Spanish short form of RODRIGO
. It is another name of the 11th-century Spanish military commander Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, also known as El Cid.
RYAN m Irish, English
From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Riain
meaning "descendant of Rían". The given name Rían
probably means "little king" (from Irish rí
"king" combined with a diminutive suffix).
RYDER m English (Modern)
From an English occupational surname derived from Old English ridere
meaning "mounted warrior" or "messenger".
RYKER m English (Modern)
Possibly a variant of the German surname Riker
, a derivative of Low German rike
"rich". It may have been altered by association with the popular name prefix Ry
RYLAN m English (Modern)
Possibly a variant of the English surname Ryland
, which was originally derived from a place name meaning "rye land" in Old English.
RYOU m Japanese
From Japanese 涼 (ryou)
meaning "cool, refreshing", 遼 (ryou)
meaning "distant" or 諒 (ryou)
meaning "reality", as well as other kanji which have the same pronunciation.
RYOUICHI m Japanese
From Japanese 良 (ryou)
meaning "good" or 亮 (ryou)
meaning "clear" combined with 一 (ichi)
meaning "one". Other kanji combinations are possible.
RYOUTA m Japanese
From Japanese 涼 (ryou)
meaning "cool, refreshing", 亮 (ryou)
meaning "clear" or 良 (ryou)
meaning "good" combined with 太 (ta)
meaning "thick, big". This name can also be formed of other kanji combinations.
RYUU m Japanese
From Japanese 竜, 龍 (ryuu)
meaning "dragon", as well as other kanji with the same pronunciation.
RYUUNOSUKE m Japanese
From Japanese 竜, 龍 (ryuu)
meaning "dragon" or 隆 (ryuu)
meaning "noble, prosperous" combined with 之 (no)
, a possessive marker, and 介 (suke)
meaning "forerunner, herald". Other kanji combinations are also possible.
SABAS m Spanish, Late Greek
From a Greek name which was derived from Hebrew סַבָא (sava')
meaning "old man". Saints bearing this name include a 4th-century Gothic martyr, a 5th-century Cappadocian hermit, and a 12th-century archbishop of Serbia who is the patron saint of that country.
SABUROU m Japanese
From Japanese 三 (sabu)
meaning "three" and 郎 (rou)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name for the third son. Other kanji combinations are possible as well.
SACHEVERELL m English (Rare)
From a surname which was derived from a Norman place name. It was occasionally given in honour of preacher Henry Sacheverell (1674-1724).
SA'D m Arabic
Means "fortune, good luck" in Arabic. This was the name of a successful military commander for the Muslims during the early years of Islam.
SAGE f & m English (Modern)
From the English word sage
, which denotes either a type of spice or else a wise person.
SAHAK m Armenian
Armenian form of ISAAC
. This was the name of a 5th-century patriarch of the Armenian Church.
SA'ID m Arabic
Means "happy, lucky" in Arabic. This was the name of a companion of the Prophet Muhammad
SAJJAD m Arabic
Means "kneeling in prayer, prostration" in Arabic.
SAKHR m Arabic
Means "solid rock" in Arabic. This name appears in the poems of the 7th-century poetess Al-Khansa.
SALAH AL-DIN m Arabic
Means "righteousness of religion" from Arabic صلاح (salah)
"righteousness" combined with دين (din)
"religion, faith". A famous bearer of this name was the sultan Salah al-Din Yusuf Ibn Ayyub, known in the western world as Saladin, the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt in the 12th century. He recaptured Jerusalem from the crusaders and repelled the invaders of the Third Crusade. Salah al-Din was an honourific; his birth name was Yusuf.
SALAMBEK m Chechen
Derived from Arabic سَلآم (salaam)
"peace" combined with the Turkish military title beg
meaning "chieftain, master".
SALIH m Arabic
Means "virtuous" in Arabic. According to the Qur'an this was the name of an early Arabian prophet.
SALIM m Arabic
Means "safe, sound, intact", derived from Arabic سلم (salima)
"to be safe".
SALMAN m Arabic
Means "safe", derived from Arabic سلم (salima)
"to be safe".
SALVADOR m Spanish
Spanish form of the Late Latin name Salvator
, which meant "saviour". A famous bearer of this name was the Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dalí (1904-1989).
SAM (3) m Literature
The name of a hobbit in J. R. R. Tolkien's novel 'The Lord of the Rings' (1954). His full given name was Samwise
meaning "half wise" in Old English (the language used by Tolkien to represent the old hobbit speech).
SAMAEL m Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "severity of God" in Hebrew. This is the name of an archangel in Jewish tradition, described as a destructive angel of death.
SAMO m Slovene, Medieval Slavic
Meaning uncertain. This was the name of a 7th-century ruler of the Slavs, who established a kingdom including parts of modern Slovenia, Austria, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic. He was possibly of Frankish origin.
SAMSON m Biblical, English, French, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name שִׁמְשׁוֹן (Shimshon)
which meant "sun". Samson was an Old Testament hero granted exceptional strength by God. His mistress Delilah
betrayed him and cut his hair, stripping him of his power. Thus he was captured by the Philistines, blinded, and brought to their temple. However, in a final act of strength, he pulled down the pillars of the temple upon himself and his captors.... [more]
SAMUEL m English, French, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Jewish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name שְׁמוּאֵל (Shemu'el)
which could mean either "name of God" or "God has heard". As told in the Books of Samuel in the Old Testament, Samuel was the last of the ruling judges. He led the Israelites during a period of domination by the Philistines, who were ultimately defeated in battle at Mizpah. Later he anointed Saul
to be the first king of Israel, and even later anointed his successor David
SANCHO m Spanish
Possibly a Spanish form of the Late Latin name Sanctius
, which was derived from the word sanctus
meaning "saintly, holy". Alternatively, Sancho
may be derived from an older Iberian name. This was the name of a 9th-century saint who was martyred by the Moors at Cordoba. It was also borne by several Spanish and Portuguese kings. Miguel de Cervantes used it in his novel 'Don Quixote' (1605), where it belongs to the squire of Don Quixote.
SANDALIO m Spanish
Spanish form of Sandalius
, a Latinized form of the Gothic name Sandulf
which meant "true wolf" from sand
"true" and ulf
"wolf". This was the name of a 9th-century Spanish saint martyred by the Moors.
SANDEEP m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil, Nepali
Variant transcription of SANDIP
SANDIP m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil, Nepali
Means "blazing" in Sanskrit.
SANFORD m English
From an English surname, originally from a place name, which meant "sand ford" in Old English.
SANG m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 常 (sang)
meaning "common, frequent, regular" or other characters which are pronounced similarly.
SANG-HUN m Korean
From Sino-Korean 尚 (sang)
meaning "still, yet" combined with 勛 (hun)
meaning "meritorious deed, rank". Other hanja characters can form this name as well.
SANI m Arabic
Means "brilliant, splendid" in Arabic.
SANJAY m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Odia, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil, Nepali
Modern form of SANJAYA
SANJAYA m Hinduism
Means "completely victorious, triumphant" in Sanskrit. This is the name of a royal official in the Hindu epic the 'Mahabharata'.
SANTIAGO m Spanish, Portuguese
Means "Saint James", derived from Spanish santo
"saint" combined with Yago
, an old Spanish form of JAMES
, the patron saint of Spain. This is the name of the capital city of Chile, as well as several other cities in the Spanish-speaking world.
SANTO m Italian
Means "saint" in Italian, ultimately from Latin sanctus
SARAVA m Various
From a phrase used by members of the Candomblé religion (an African religion which was taken to Brazil by African slaves) which means "good luck".
SARDAR m Persian, Urdu, Pashto
From a title meaning "chief, leader", derived from Persian sar
"head, authority" and dar
SARGON m History
From the Akkadian name Sharru-kinu
meaning "true king". This was the name (or title) of the first emperor of Akkad (23rd century BC). It was also borne by the 7th-century BC Assyrian king Sargon II, who named himself after the first Sargon.
SARPEDON m Greek Mythology
Meaning unknown. In Greek legend Sarpedon was the son of Zeus
and Laodamia, and the king of the Lycians. He was one of the chief warriors who fought against the Greeks in defense of Troy, but he was killed by Patroclus
. Another Sarpedon was the son of Zeus and Europa
SATAN m Theology, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Derived from Hebrew שָׂטָן (satan)
meaning "adversary". This is the Hebrew name of the enemy of the Judeo-Christian god. In the New Testament he is also known by the title Devil
SATCHEL m English (Rare)
From a surname derived from Old English sacc
meaning "sack, bag", referring to a person who was a bag maker.
SATISHA m Hinduism
Means "lord of Sati" from the name of the Hindu goddess SATI
combined with ईश (isha)
meaning "ruler". This is another name for the Hindu god Shiva
SATURN m Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
From the Latin Saturnus
, which is of unknown meaning. In Roman mythology he was the father of Jupiter
and others, and was also the god of agriculture. This is also the name of the ringed sixth planet in the solar system.
SATURNINUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen derived from the name of the Roman god Saturnus
). This was the name of several early saints.
SAUL m Biblical, Jewish, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name שָׁאוּל (Sha'ul)
which meant "asked for, prayed for". This was the name of the first king of Israel, as told in the Old Testament. Before the end of his reign he lost favour with God, and after a defeat by the Philistines he was succeeded by David
as king. In the New Testament, Saul was the original Hebrew name of the apostle Paul
SAVELIY m Russian
Russian form of the Latin name Sabellius
meaning "a Sabine". The Sabines were an ancient people who lived in central Italy.
SAVITR m Hinduism
Means "rouser, stimulator" in Sanskrit. This is the name of a Hindu sun god, sometimes identified with Surya
SAWYER m English (Modern)
From a surname meaning "sawer of wood" in Middle English. Mark Twain used it for the hero in his novel 'The Adventures of Tom Sawyer' (1876).
SAXON m English (Rare)
From a surname which was derived from the name of the Germanic tribe the Saxons, ultimately deriving from the Germanic word sahs
meaning "knife". This name can also be given in direct reference to the tribe.
SAYYID m Arabic
Means "lord, master" in Arabic. A famous bearer was the Egyptian musician Sayyid Darwish (1892-1923).
SCEVOLA m Italian
Italian form of the Roman cognomen Scaevola
, which was derived from Latin scaevus
"left-handed". The first bearer of this name was Gaius Mucius Scaevola, who acquired it, according to legend, after he thrust his right hand into a blazing fire in order to intimidate the Etruscan king Porsenna, who was blockading the city of Rome.
SCHUYLER m English
From a Dutch surname meaning "scholar". Dutch settlers brought the surname to America, where it was subsequently adopted as a given name in honour of the American general and senator Philip Schuyler (1733-1804).
SCOTT m English, Scottish
From an English and Scottish surname which referred to a person from Scotland or a person who spoke Scottish Gaelic. It is derived from Latin Scoti
meaning "Gaelic speaker", with the ultimate origin uncertain.
SEACHNALL m Irish
Possibly an Irish form of SECUNDINUS
. This was the name of a 5th-century Irish saint, also known as Secundinus.
SÉAGHDHA m Irish
Possibly means "admirable" or "hawk-like" in Gaelic.
SEBASTIAN m German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Finnish, Romanian
From the Latin name Sebastianus
which meant "from Sebaste". Sebaste was the name a town in Asia Minor, its name deriving from Greek σεβαστος (sebastos)
"venerable" (a translation of Latin Augustus
, the title of the Roman emperors). According to Christian tradition, Saint Sebastian was a 3rd-century Roman soldier martyred during the persecutions of the emperor Diocletian. After he was discovered to be a Christian, he was tied to a stake and shot with arrows. This however did not kill him. Saint Irene of Rome healed him and he returned to personally admonish Diocletian, whereupon the emperor had him beaten to death.... [more]
SECUNDINUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name derived from the praenomen SECUNDUS
. Saint Secundinus, also known as Seachnall, was a 5th-century assistant to Saint Patrick
who became the first bishop of Dunshaughlin.
SEFTON m English (Rare)
From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning "town in the rushes" in Old English.
SELBY m & f English (Rare)
From an English surname which was from a place name meaning "willow farm" in Old Norse.
SELEUCUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Σελευκος (Seleukos)
, of unknown meaning. This was the name of one of Alexander the Great's generals, who established the Seleucid Empire in Western Asia after Alexander's death.
SELİM m Turkish
Turkish form of SALIM
. This was the name of three Ottoman sultans, including the father of Süleyman the Magnificent.
SELWYN m English (Rare)
From a surname which was originally derived from an Old English given name, which was formed of the elements sele
"manor" and wine