SHAKTI f & m Hinduism, Indian, Hindi
Means "power" in Sanskrit. In Hinduism a shakti is the female counterpart of a god. The name Shakti is used in particular to refer to the female counterpart of Shiva
, also known as Parvati
among many other names.
SHAKUR m Arabic
Means "thankful" in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الشكور (al-Shakur)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
SHAMGAR m Biblical
Possibly means "sword" in Hebrew. Shamgar was one of the Old Testament judges.
SHANE m Irish, English
Anglicized form of SEÁN
. It came into general use in America after the release of the western movie 'Shane' (1953).
SHANI (2) m Hinduism
From the Sanskrit name of the planet Saturn. This is the name of a celestial Hindu god.
SHANKARA m Hinduism
Derived from the Sanskrit elements शम् (sham)
meaning "auspicious, lucky" and कर (kara)
meaning "maker". This is another name of the Hindu god Shiva
. This was also the name of a 9th-century Indian religious philosopher also known as Shankaracharya.
SHANNON f & m English
From the name of the River Shannon, the longest river in Ireland, called Abha na tSionainn
in Irish. It is associated with the goddess Sionann
and is sometimes said to be named for her. However it is more likely the goddess was named after the river, which may be related to Old Irish sen
"old, ancient". As a given name, it first became common in America after the 1940s.
SHAPUR m Persian
Means "son of the king" in Persian. This was the name of three Sassanid emperors.
SHARAR m Biblical
Means "enemy" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the father of Ahiam.
SHARIAH m Arabic
Means "divine law, noble law" in Arabic, ultimately from an old Arabic word meaning "pathway".
SHEALTIEL m Biblical
Means "I have asked of God" in Hebrew. This was the name of the father of Zerubbabel in the Old Testament.
SHEARD m English (Rare)
From a surname which was originally from a place name meaning "gap between hills" in Old English.
SHEBA m Biblical
Means "oath" in Hebrew. This is the name of several characters in the Old Testament. Also in the Bible, this is a place name, referring to a region in Ethiopia. The queen of Sheba visited Solomon after hearing of his wisdom.
SHELAH m Biblical
Means "petition" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a grandson of Shem and a son of Judah.
SHELBY m & f English
From a surname, which was possibly a variant of SELBY
. Though previously in use as a rare masculine name, it was popularized as a feminine name by the main character in the movie 'The Woman in Red' (1935). It was later reinforced by the movie 'Steel Magnolias' (1989) in which Julia Roberts played a character by this name.
SHELDON m English
From a surname which was originally derived from a place name meaning "valley with steep sides" in Old English. Sheldon is the name of several locations in England.
SHELLEY f & m English
From a surname which was originally derived from a place name meaning "clearing on a bank" in Old English. Two famous bearers of the surname were Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822), a romantic poet whose works include 'Adonais' and 'Ozymandias', and Mary Shelley (1797-1851), his wife, the author of the horror story 'Frankenstein'. As a feminine given name, it came into general use after the 1940s.
SHELTON m English
From a surname which was originally derived from a place name meaning "shelf town" in Old English.
SHEMAIAH m Biblical
Means "heard by YAHWEH
" in Hebrew. This name is borne by many characters in the Old Testament including a prophet in the reign of Rehoboam
SHEMER m Biblical
Possibly means "preserved" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the owner of the hill upon which Samaria was built.
SHER m Urdu, Pashto
Means "lion" in Persian. A famous bearer of this name was Sher Shah, a 16th-century Mughal ruler.
SHERIDAN m & f English
From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Sirideáin
meaning "descendant of Sirideán". The name Sirideán
means "searcher" in Gaelic.
SHERLOCK m Literature
Used by Scottish author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle for his character Sherlock Holmes, who was a detective in Doyle's mystery stories beginning in 1887. The character's name was from an English surname meaning "shear lock", originally referring to a person with closely cut hair.
SHERMAN m English
From a surname meaning "shear man" in Old English, originally denoting a person who cut cloth. Famous bearers of the surname include American politician Roger Sherman (1721-1793) and American Civil War general William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891).
SHERWOOD m English
From an English place name (or from a surname which was derived from it) meaning "bright forest". This was the name of the forest in which the legendary outlaw Robin Hood made his home.
SHI m & f Chinese
From Chinese 时 (shí)
meaning "time, era, season", 实 (shí)
meaning "real, honest", 史 (shǐ)
meaning "history" or 石 (shí)
meaning "stone". Other characters can form this name as well.
SHICHIROU m Japanese
From Japanese 七 (shichi)
meaning "seven" and 郎 (rou)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name given to the seventh son. Other kanji combinations can be possible.
SHILOH m & f Biblical
From an Old Testament place name possibly meaning "tranquil" in Hebrew. It is also used prophetically in the Old Testament to refer to a person, often understood to be the Messiah (see Genesis 49:10). This may in fact be a mistranslation. This name was brought to public attention after Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie gave it to their daughter in 2006.
SHIN m Japanese
From Japanese 真 (shin)
meaning "real, genuine" or other kanji with the same pronunciation.
SHINOBU f & m Japanese
From Japanese 忍 (shinobu)
meaning "endurance", as well as other kanji or kanji combinations having the same pronunciation.
SHIORI f & m Japanese
As a feminine name it can be from Japanese 詩 (shi)
meaning "poem" combined with 織 (ori)
meaning "weave". It can also be from 栞 (shiori)
meaning "bookmark" (usually feminine) or 撓 (shiori)
meaning "lithe, bending" (usually masculine), as well as other kanji or kanji combinations.
SHIRLEY f & m English
From a surname which was originally derived from a place name meaning "bright clearing" in Old English. This is the name of the main character in Charlotte Brontë's semi-autobiographical novel 'Shirley' (1849). The child actress Shirley Temple (1928-2014) helped to popularize this name.
SHIROU m Japanese
From Japanese 四 (shi)
meaning "four" and 郎 (rou)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name for the fourth son. Other kanji combinations are possible.
SHIVA (1) m Hinduism, Indian, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, Nepali
Derived from Sanskrit शिव (shiva)
meaning "benign, kind, auspicious". Shiva is the Hindu god of destruction and restoration, the husband of the mother goddess Parvati
. His aspect is usually terrifying, but it can also be gentle.
SHOU m Japanese
From Japanese 翔 (shou)
meaning "soar, glide" or 奨 (shou)
meaning "prize, reward". Other kanji with identical pronunciations can also form this name.
SHOUHEI m Japanese
From Japanese 翔 (shou)
meaning "soar, glide" and 平 (hei)
meaning "level, even, peaceful", in addition to other combinations of kanji which are pronounced the same way.
SHOUTA m Japanese
From Japanese 翔 (shou)
meaning "soar, glide" and 太 (ta)
meaning "thick, big". Other combinations of kanji are also possible.
SHRIPATI m Hinduism
Means "husband of Shri" from the name of the Hindu goddess SHRI
combined with Sanskrit पति (pati)
meaning "husband, lord". This is another name of the Hindu god Vishnu
SHUI m & f Chinese
From Chinese 水 (shuǐ)
meaning "water", as well as other characters pronounced in a similar way.
SHUN (1) f & m Chinese
From Chinese 顺 (shùn)
meaning "obey, submit" or other characters which are pronounced similarly.
SHUN (2) f & m Japanese
From Japanese 駿 (shun)
meaning "fast", 俊 (shun)
meaning "talented", or other kanji which are pronounced the same way.
SHYAMA m & f Hinduism, Indian, Hindi
Derived from Sanskrit श्याम (shyama)
meaning "dark, black, blue". This is a transcription of the masculine form श्याम
, which is another name of the Hindu god Krishna
, as well as the feminine form श्यामा
, one of the many names of the wife of the god Shiva
. It is also the name of a Jain goddess.
SIAVASH m Persian, Persian Mythology
Means "possessing black stallions" in Avestan. This is the name of a prince in the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh'.
SIDNEY m & f English
From the English surname SIDNEY
. It was first used as a given name in honour of executed politician Algernon Sidney (1622-1683). Another notable bearer of the surname was the poet and statesman Sir Philip Sidney (1554-1586).
SIDONIUS m Late Roman
Latin name which meant "of Sidon". Sidon was an ancient Phoenician city corresponding to modern-day Saida in Lebanon. This name was borne by the 5th-century saint Sidonius Apollinaris, a 5th-century bishop of Clermont.
SIEGBERT m German
Derived from the Germanic elements sigu
"victory" and beraht
"bright". This was the name of several Frankish kings, including the 7th-century Sigebert III of Austrasia who is regarded as a saint.
SIEGFRIED m German, Germanic Mythology
Derived from the Germanic elements sigu
"victory" and frid
"peace". Siegfried was a hero from Germanic legend, chief character in the 'Nibelungenlied'. He secretly helped the Burgundian king Günther
overcome the challenges set out by the Icelandic queen Brünhild
so that Günther might win her hand. In exchange, Günther consented to the marriage of Siegfried and his sister Kriemhild
. Years later, after a dispute between Brünhild and Kriemhild, Siegfried was murdered by Hagen
with Günther's consent. He was stabbed in his one vulnerable spot on the small of his back, which had been covered by a leaf while he bathed in dragon's blood. His adventures were largely based on those of the Norse hero Sigurd
. The story was later adapted by Richard Wagner to form part of his opera 'The Ring of the Nibelung' (1876).
SIET m Frisian
Frisian short form of names beginning with the Germanic element sigu
SIGEBERHT m Anglo-Saxon
Means "bright victory", derived from Old English sige
"victory" and beorht
"bright". This was the name of a king of Wessex. The name fell out of use after the Norman conquest.
SIGISMUND m German, Ancient Germanic
Form of SIGMUND
in which the first element is sigis
, an older form of sigu
. Saint Sigismund was a 6th-century king of the Burgundians. This was also the name of kings of Poland and a ruler of the Holy Roman Empire.
SIGMUND m German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English
Derived from the Germanic elements sigu
"victory" and mund
"protector" (or in the case of the Scandinavian cognate, from the Old Norse elements sigr
"victory" and mundr
"protector"). In Norse mythology this was the name of the hero Sigurd
's father, the bearer of the powerful sword Gram. A notable bearer was the Austrian psychologist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), the creator of the revolutionary theory of psychoanalysis.
SIGURD m Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Norse Mythology
From the Old Norse name Sigurðr
, which was derived from the elements sigr
"victory" and varðr
"guardian". Sigurd was the hero of the Norse legend the 'Volsungasaga', which tells how his foster-father Regin sent him to recover a hoard of gold guarded by the dragon Fafnir. After slaying the dragon Sigurd tasted some of its blood, enabling him to understand the language of birds, who told him that Regin was planning to betray him. In a later adventure, Sigurd disguised himself as Gunnar
(his wife Gudrun
's brother) and rescued the maiden Brynhildr
from a ring of fire, with the result that Gunnar and Brynhildr were married. When the truth eventually came out, Brynhildr took revenge upon Sigurd. The stories of the German hero Siegfried
were in part based on him.
SIKKE m Frisian
Frisian diminutive of Germanic names beginning with the element sigu
which means "victory".
SILVER m English
From the English word for the precious metal or the colour, ultimately derived from Old English seolfor
SILVESTER m Dutch, English, Slovene, Slovak, German, Late Roman
From a Roman name meaning "of the forest" from Latin silva
"wood, forest". This was the name of three popes, including Saint Silvester I who supposedly baptized the first Christian Roman emperor, Constantine
the Great. As an English name, Silvester
) has been in use since the Middle Ages, though it became less common after the Protestant Reformation.
SILVIUS m Late Roman, Roman Mythology
Derived from Latin silva
"wood, forest". This was the family name of several of the legendary kings of Alba Longa. It was also the name of an early saint martyred in Alexandria.
SIMBA (2) m Eastern African, Swahili
Means "lion" in Swahili. This is the name of the main character in the Disney movie 'The Lion King' (1994), about a lion cub who exiles himself after his father is murdered.
SIMEON m Biblical, Bulgarian, Serbian
From Συμεων (Symeon)
, the Old Testament Greek form of the Hebrew name Shim'on
). In the Old Testament this is the name of the second son of Jacob
and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. In the New Testament the Greek rendering Σιμων (Simon)
is more common, though Συμεων
occurs belonging to a man who blessed the newborn Jesus
. He is recognized as a saint in most Christian traditions.... [more]
SIMÓN m Spanish
Spanish form of SIMON
. This name was borne by the South American revolutionary Simón Bolívar (1783-1830).
SIMON m English, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Hungarian, Slovene, Romanian, Macedonian, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From Σιμων (Simon)
, the New Testament Greek form of the Hebrew name שִׁמְעוֹן (Shim'on)
which meant "he has heard". This name is spelled Simeon
, based on Greek Συμεων
, in many translations of the Old Testament, where it is borne by the second son of Jacob
. In the New Testament Simon
is the name of several characters, including the man who carried the cross for Jesus
. Most importantly however it was borne by the leading apostle Simon, also known as Peter
(a name given to him by Jesus).... [more]
SIMONIDES m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek σιμος (simos)
"flat-nosed" and the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides)
. This name was borne by the 7th-century BC iambic poet Simonides of Amorgos and the 6th-century BC lyric poet Simonides of Ceos.
SINCLAIR m English (Rare)
From a surname which was derived from a Norman French town called "Saint CLAIR
". A notable bearer was the American author Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951).
SINGH m Indian (Sikh)
From Sanskrit सिंह (sinha)
meaning "lion". In 1699 Guru Gobind Singh gave all his male Sikh followers the surname Singh
, and it is now a very common surname or a middle name. The female equivalent is Kaur
SIRIUS m Astronomy
The name of a bright star in the constellation Canis Major, derived via Latin from Greek σειριος (seirios)
SISU m Finnish
Means "willpower, determination, strength" in Finnish.
SI-U m Korean
From Sino-Korean 始 (si)
meaning "begin, start" combined with 祐 (u)
meaning "divine intervention, protection" or 雨 (u)
meaning "rain". Other combinations of hanja characters can form this name as well.
SIXTEN m Swedish
From the Old Norse name Sigsteinn
, which was derived from the elements sigr
"victory" and steinn
SIXTUS m Late Roman
Latin form of the Greek name Ξυστος (Xystos)
meaning "scraped, polished". This name was borne by five popes. The first pope by this name was the sixth to serve after Saint Peter, so there is a possibility that this name is in fact derived from Latin sextus
SJRA m Limburgish
Limburgish form of GERARD
. Its spelling has been influenced by the French pronunciation of Gérard.
SKANDA m Hinduism
Means "hopping, spurting, spilling" in Sanskrit. In Hindu belief this is the name of the god of war, also known as Kartikeya
. He is worshipped especially by the Tamils in southern India.
SŁAWOMIR m Polish
Derived from the Slavic element slava
meaning "glory" combined with meru
meaning "great, famous" or miru
meaning "peace, world".
SLY m English
Short form of SYLVESTER
. The actor Sylvester Stallone (1946-) is a well-known bearer of this nickname.
SMITH m English
From an English surname meaning "metal worker, blacksmith", derived from Old English smitan
"to smite, to hit". It is the most common surname in most of the English-speaking world.
SNORRI m Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Derived from Old Norse snerra
"attack, onslaught". This name was borne by Snorri Sturluson, a 13th-century Icelandic historian and poet, the author of the Prose Edda.
SOBIESŁAW m Polish
Derived from Slavic elements, possibly sebe
meaning "for oneself", combined with slava
"glory". This name (in the Czech form Soběslav
) was borne by two 12th-century dukes of Bohemia.
SOCRATES m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Σωκρατης (Sokrates)
, which was derived from σως (sos)
"whole, unwounded, safe" and κρατος (kratos)
"power". This was the name of an important Greek philosopher. He left no writings of his own; virtually everything that we know of his beliefs comes from his pupil Plato
. He was sentenced to death for impiety.
SOHRAB m Persian, Persian Mythology
Possibly means either "illustrious, shining" or "red water" in Persian. In the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh' this is the name of the son of the hero Rostam
SOLOMON m Biblical, English, Jewish
From the Hebrew name שְׁלֹמֹה (Shelomoh)
which was derived from Hebrew שָׁלוֹם (shalom)
"peace". As told in the Old Testament, Solomon was a king of Israel, the son of David
. He was renowned for his wisdom and wealth. Towards the end of his reign he angered God by turning to idolatry. Supposedly, he was the author of the Book of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and the Song of Solomon.... [more]
SOLON m Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek σολος (solos)
meaning "lump of iron". This was the name of an Athenian statesman who reformed the laws and government of the city.
SOMA m Hungarian
From Hungarian som
meaning "dogwood, cornel tree".
SOMERLED m Scottish
Anglicized form of the Old Norse name Somarliðr
meaning "summer traveller". This was the name of a 12th-century Scottish warlord who created a kingdom on the Scottish islands.
SOMPORN m Thai
Derived from Thai สม (som)
"worthy" and พร (phon)
SONNY m English
From a nickname which is commonly used to denote a young boy, derived from the English word son
SORA f & m Japanese
From Japanese 空 (sora)
or 昊 (sora)
which both mean "sky". Other kanji with the same pronunciations can also form this name.
SØREN m Danish, Norwegian
Danish form of SEVERINUS
. Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) was a Danish philosopher who is regarded as a precursor of existentialism.
SORIN m Romanian
Possibly derived from Romanian soare
SOROUSH m Persian Mythology, Persian
Modern Persian form of Avestan Sraosha
meaning "obedience". In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a Yazata (or angel), later equated with the angel Gabriel
SOSIGENES m Ancient Greek
Means "born safely" from Greek σως (sos)
"safe, whole, unwounded" and γενης (genes)
"born". This was the name of an astronomer from Alexandria employed by Julius Caesar to correct the Roman calendar.
SOSRUKO m Caucasian Mythology
Derived from Turkic suslä
"menacing". This is the name of a trickster god in Caucasian mythology. He is the hero of the Nart sagas.
SOUMA m Japanese
From Japanese 颯 (sou)
meaning "sudden, sound of the wind" and 真 (ma)
meaning "real, genuine". Other kanji combinations are possible.
SOUTA m Japanese
From Japanese 颯 (sou)
meaning "sudden, sound of the wind" and 太 (ta)
meaning "thick, big". This name can also be formed of other kanji combinations.
SPARTACUS m History
Means "from the city of Sparta" in Latin. Spartacus was the name of a Thracian-born Roman slave who led a slave revolt in Italy in the 1st century BC. He was eventually killed in battle and many of his followers were crucified.
SPENCER m English
From a surname which meant "dispenser of provisions" in Middle English. A famous bearer was American actor Spencer Tracy (1900-1967). It was also the surname of Princess Diana (1961-1997).
SPIKE m English (Rare)
From a nickname which may have originally been given to a person with spiky hair.