RAGHU m Hinduism, Indian, Kannada, Telugu, Malayalam
in Sanskrit. This is the name of a heroic king in Hindu epics, the great-grandfather of Rama
. It is also mentioned as the name of a son of Buddha in Buddhist texts.
RAHMİ m Turkish
in Turkish, ultimately from Arabic.
RAHUL m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese, Odia, Gujarati, Punjabi, Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu
Possibly means "able, efficient"
in Sanskrit. This was the name of a son of Gautama Buddha.
RAIJIN m Japanese Mythology
From Japanese 雷 (rai)
meaning "thunder" and 神 (jin)
meaning "god, spirit". This is the name of the god (or gods) of thunder and storms in the mythology of Japan.
RAINE f & m English (Rare)
Possibly based on the French word reine
. A famous bearer is the British socialite Raine Spencer (1929-), the stepmother of Princess Diana. In modern times it can also be used as a variant of RAIN (1)
or a short form of LORRAINE
RAJ m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Nepali
Means "empire, royalty"
, from Sanskrit राज्य (rajya)
RAJA (2) m Urdu, Tamil, Indian, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Hindi, Marathi, Indonesian
Means "king, ruler"
, from Sanskrit राजन् (rajan)
RAJAB m Arabic
in Arabic. This is the name of the seventh month in the Islamic calendar.
RAJESH m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Nepali
Means "ruler of kings"
from Sanskrit राज (raja)
meaning "king" and ईश (isha)
meaning "lord, ruler".
RAJNISH m Indian, Hindi
Means "lord of the night"
from Sanskrit रजनि (rajani)
meaning "night" and ईश (isha)
meaning "lord, ruler". This is another name for the moon in Hindu texts.
RALEIGH m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning either "red clearing" or "roe deer clearing" in Old English. A city in North Carolina bears this name, after the English courtier, poet and explorer Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618).
RALPH m English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German
Contracted form of the Old Norse name RÁÐÚLFR
(or its Norman form Radulf
). Scandinavian settlers introduced it to England before the Norman Conquest, though afterwards it was bolstered by Norman influence. In the Middle Ages it was usually spelled Ralf
, but by the 17th century it was most commonly Rafe
, reflecting the normal pronunciation. The Ralph
spelling appeared in the 18th century. A famous bearer of the name was Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), an American poet and author who wrote on transcendentalism.
RAM (1) m Biblical
in Hebrew. This was a son of Hezron in the Old Testament.
RAMA (1) m Hinduism, Indian, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam
Means "pleasing, beautiful"
in Sanskrit. In Hindu belief this is the name of an incarnation of the god Vishnu
. He is the hero of the Ramayana
, a Hindu epic, which tells of the abduction of his wife Sita
by the demon king Ravana, and his efforts to recapture her.
RAMADAN m Arabic
From the name of the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It is derived from Arabic رمض (ramad)
meaning "parchedness, scorchedness". Muslims traditionally fast during this month.
RAMESES m Ancient Egyptian (Hellenized)
From Egyptian Ra-msj-sw
meaning "born of Ra"
, composed of the name of the supreme god RA
combined with the Egyptian root mesu
"be born". Rameses was the name of eleven Egyptian kings of the New Kingdom. The most important of these were Rameses II the Great who campaigned against the Hittites and also built several great monuments, and Rameses III who defended Egypt from the Libyans and Sea Peoples.
RAMIRO m Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Ramirus
, a Latinized form of a Visigothic name derived from the Germanic elements ragin
"advice" and mari
"famous". Saint Ramirus was a 6th-century prior of the Saint Claudius Monastery in Leon. He and several others were executed by the Arian Visigoths, who opposed orthodox Christianity. This name was subsequently borne by kings of León, Asturias and Aragon.
RAMSEY m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "wild-garlic island"
in Old English.
RAMŪNAS m Lithuanian
Derived from Lithuanian ramus
combined with the patronymic suffix ūnas
RANDOLF m English
From the Germanic elements rand
meaning "rim (of a shield)" and wulf
meaning "wolf". The Normans brought this name to England, where there existed already an Old Norse cognate Randúlfr
, which had been introduced by Scandinavian settlers. Randolf
became rare after the Middle Ages, though it was revived in the 18th century (usually in the spelling Randolph
RANGI m Maori, Polynesian Mythology
in Maori. In Maori and other Polynesian mythology Rangi or Ranginui was a god of the sky, husband of the earth goddess Papa
. They were locked in a crushing embrace but were eventually separated by their children, the other gods.
RANJIT m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali
Means "coloured, pleased, delighted"
in Sanskrit. A famous bearer was Ranjit Singh (1780-1839), the founder of a Sikh kingdom that covered most of the Punjab and Kashmir.
RANULF m Scottish
Scottish form of the Old Norse name Randúlfr
, a cognate of RANDOLF
. Scandinavian settlers and invaders introduced this name to Scotland in the Middle Ages.
RAPHAEL m German, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name רָפָאֵל (Rafa'el)
meaning "God heals"
, from the roots רָפָא (rafa')
meaning "to heal" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". In Hebrew tradition Raphael is the name of an archangel. He appears in the Book of Tobit, in which he disguises himself as a man named Azarias
and accompanies Tobias
on his journey to Media, aiding him along the way. In the end he cures Tobias's father Tobit
of his blindness. He is not mentioned in the New Testament, though tradition identifies him with the angel troubling the water in John 5:4
RAREȘ m Romanian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Romanian rar
meaning "sparse, rare"
. This name was borne by Petru Rareș, a 16th-century ruler of Moldavia, whose second name was adopted from a nickname of his mother's husband.
RASHID m Arabic
Means "rightly guided"
in Arabic. This transcription represents two different ways of spelling the name in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الرشيد (al-Rashid)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
RASHN m Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Rashnu
. In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a Yazata who judged the souls of the dead.
RAVEN f & m English
From the name of the bird, ultimately from Old English hræfn
. The raven is revered by several Native American groups of the west coast. It is also associated with the Norse god Odin
RAVI m Hinduism, Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Odia, Gujarati, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Nepali
in Sanskrit. Ravi is a Hindu god of the sun, sometimes equated with Surya
. A famous bearer was the musician Ravi Shankar (1920-2012).
RAVID m & f Hebrew
Means "ornament, necklace"
RAVIL m Tatar
Meaning unknown, possibly of Arabic origin.
RAY m English
Short form of RAYMOND
, often used as an independent name. It coincides with an English word meaning "beam of light". Science-fiction author Ray Bradbury (1920-2012) and musician Ray Charles (1930-2004) are two notable bearers of the name.
RAYMOND m English, French
From the Germanic name Raginmund
, composed of the elements ragin
"advice" and mund
"protector". The Normans introduced this name to England in the form Reimund
. It was borne by several medieval (mostly Spanish) saints, including Saint Raymond Nonnatus, the patron of midwives and expectant mothers, and Saint Raymond of Peñafort, the patron of canonists.
RAYNER m English (Archaic)
From the Germanic name Raganhar
, composed of the elements ragin
"advice" and hari
"army". The Normans brought this name to England where it came into general use, though it was rare by the end of the Middle Ages.
RAYYAN m & f Arabic
Means "watered, luxuriant"
in Arabic. According to Islamic tradition this is the name of one of the gates of paradise.
RĂZVAN m Romanian
Meaning unknown, possibly related to the name RADOVAN
. Alternatively it may have been brought to Romania from India by Gypsies, and may mean something like "bringer of good news"
REAGAN f & m English (Modern), Irish
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Ríagáin
meaning "descendant of RIAGÁN"
. This surname was borne by American president Ronald Reagan (1911-2004).
RED m English
From the English word, ultimately derived from Old English read
. It was originally a nickname given to a person with red hair or a ruddy complexion.
REED m English
From an English surname that was derived from Old English read
, originally a nickname given to a person with red hair or a ruddy complexion.
RÉGIS m French
From a surname meaning "ruler"
in Occitan. This name is often given in honour of Saint Jean-François Régis, a 17th-century French Jesuit priest.
REGULUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen meaning "prince, little king"
, a diminutive of Latin rex
"king". This was the cognomen of several 3rd-century BC consuls from the gens Atilia. It was also the name of several early saints. A star in the constellation Leo bears this name as well.
REHOBOAM m Biblical
From the Hebrew name רֵחַבְעָם (Rechav'am)
meaning "he enlarges the people"
. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Solomon
. He succeeded his father as king of Israel, but his subjects eventually revolted because of high taxes. This resulted in the division of the kingdom into Israel and Judah, with Rehoboam ruling Judah.
REIDAR m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Hreiðarr
, which was derived from the elements hreiðr
"nest, home" and arr
REILLY m & f English (Modern)
From an Irish surname that was derived from the given name Raghailleach
, meaning unknown.
REMAO m Limburgish
Limburgish form of RAYMOND
. Its spelling has been influenced by the French pronunciation of Raymond.
REMBRANDT m Dutch
From a Germanic name that was composed of the elements ragin
"advice" and brand
"sword". This name belonged to the 17th-century Dutch painter Rembrandt van Rijn.
REMINGTON m & f English
From an English surname that was derived from the name of the town of Rimington in Lancashire, itself meaning "settlement on the Riming stream"
. It may be given in honour of the American manufacturer Eliphalet Remington (1793-1861) or his sons, founders of the firearms company that bears their name.
RÉMY m French
French form of the Latin name Remigius
, which was derived from Latin remigis "oarsman, rower"
. Saint Rémy was a 5th-century bishop who converted and baptized Clovis, king of the Franks.
REN m & f Japanese
From Japanese 蓮 (ren)
meaning "lotus", 恋 (ren)
meaning "love", or other kanji that are pronounced the same way.
RENARD m French (Rare)
French form of REYNARD
. Because of the medieval character Reynard the Fox, renard
became a French word meaning "fox".
RENAUD m French
French form of REYNOLD
. This name was used in medieval French literature for the hero Renaud de Montauban, a young man who flees with his three brothers from the court of Charlemagne
after killing the king's nephew. Charlemagne pardons the brothers on the condition that they enter the Crusades.
RETO m German (Swiss)
Means "of Rhaetia"
. Rhaetia is a region in eastern Switzerland that got its name from the Rhaeti, a Celtic tribe who originally inhabited the area.
REUBEN m Biblical, Hebrew, English
Means "behold, a son"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the eldest son of Jacob
and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Reuben was cursed by his father because he slept with Jacob's concubine Bilhah
. It has been used as a Christian name in Britain since the Protestant Reformation.
REUEL m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "friend of God"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is another name for Jethro
. The fantasy author John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892-1973) was a famous bearer.
REVAZ m Georgian
Possibly of Persian origin meaning "wealthy, successful"
REX m English
From Latin rex
. It has been used as a given name since the 19th century.
REYES f & m Spanish
in Spanish. It is taken from the title of the Virgin Mary
, La Virgen de los Reyes
, meaning "The Virgin of the Kings". According to legend, the Virgin Mary appeared to King Ferdinand III of Castile and told him his armies would defeat those of the Moors in Seville.
REYNARD m English (Rare)
From the Germanic name Raginhard
, composed of the elements ragin
"advice" and hard
"brave, hardy". The Normans brought it to England in the form Reinard
, though it never became very common there. In medieval fables the name was borne by the sly hero Reynard the Fox (with the result that renard
has become a French word meaning "fox").
REYNOLD m English
From the Germanic name Raginald
, composed of the elements ragin
"advice" and wald
"rule". The Normans (who used forms like Reinald
) brought the name to Britain, where it reinforced rare Old English and Norse cognates already in existence. It was common during the Middle Ages, but became more rare after the 15th century.
RHETT m English
From a surname, an Anglicized form of the Dutch de Raedt
, derived from raet
"advice, counsel". Margaret Mitchell used this name for the character Rhett Butler in her novel Gone with the Wind
RHODRI m Welsh
Derived from the Welsh elements rhod
"wheel" and rhi
"king". This name was borne by a 9th-century Welsh king.
RHYS m Welsh, English
in Welsh. Several Welsh rulers have borne this name, including the 12th-century Rhys ap Gruffydd who fought against the invading Normans.
RIAD m Arabic
Means "meadows, gardens"
, from the plural of Arabic روضة (rawdah)
RIAGÁN m Irish
Possibly derived from ríodhgach
RICHARD m English, French, German, Czech, Slovak, Dutch, Ancient Germanic
Means "brave ruler"
, derived from the Germanic elements ric
"ruler, mighty" and hard
"brave, hardy". The Normans introduced this name to Britain, and it has been very common there since that time. It was borne by three kings of England including Richard I the Lionheart, one of the leaders of the Third Crusade in the 12th century.... [more]
RIDGE m English (Modern)
From the English vocabulary word denoting a continous elevated mountain crest, or from the English surname derived from the word.
RIDHA m Arabic
Means "satisfaction, contentment"
in Arabic. This name was borne by Ali al-Ridha, a 9th-century Shia imam.
RIDLEY m English (Rare)
From a surname that was originally derived from various English place names meaning "reed clearing"
or "channel clearing"
in Old English.
RIGBY m English (Rare)
From a surname that was originally derived from a place name meaning "ridge farm"
in Old Norse.
RIGEL m Astronomy
Derived from Arabic الرجل (al-Rijl)
. This is the name of the star that forms the left foot of the constellation Orion.
RIKU (2) m Japanese
From Japanese 陸 (riku)
meaning "land" or different kanji that are pronounced the same way.
RIKUTO m Japanese
From Japanese 陸 (riku)
meaning "land" combined with 斗 (to)
, which refers to a Chinese constellation, or 人 (to)
meaning "person", as well as other combinations of kanji that have the same pronunciations.
RILEY m & f English
From a surname that comes from two distinct sources. As an Irish surname it is a variant of REILLY
. As an English surname it is derived from a place name meaning "rye clearing"
in Old English.