SWARNA m & f Indian, Telugu, Hindi
Means "good colour" or "golden", a contraction of the Sanskrit prefix सु (su)
meaning "good" and वर्ण (varna)
meaning "colour". This is a transcription of both the masculine form स्वर्ण
and the feminine form स्वर्णा
SWITHIN m History
From the Old English name Swiðhun
, derived from swiþ
"strong" and perhaps hun
"bear cub". Saint Swithin was a 9th-century bishop of Winchester.
SYDNEY f & m English
From a surname which was a variant of the surname SIDNEY
. This is the name of the largest city in Australia, which was named for Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney in 1788. Since the 1990s this name has been mainly feminine.
SZABOLCS m Hungarian
Meaning unknown, possibly from a Slavic word meaning "marten". It was borne by a leader of the Magyars at the time of Árpád
. This is now the name of a region in Hungary.
TACITUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen which meant "silent, mute" in Latin. This was the name of a 1st-century Roman historian.
TADHG m Irish, Scottish
Means "poet" in Irish. This was the name of an 11th-century king of Connacht.
TAFARI m Eastern African, Amharic
Possibly means "he who inspires awe" in Amharic. This name was borne by Lij Tafari Makonnen (1892-1975), also known as Haile Selassie, the last emperor of Ethiopia. Rastafarians (Ras Tafari
meaning "king Tafari") revere him as the earthly incarnation of God.
TAHA m Arabic
From the Arabic letters ط
) and ه
). These letters begin the 20th chapter of the Qur'an (surah Ta Ha).
TAHIR m Arabic
Means "virtuous, pure, chaste" in Arabic.
TAHMASP m Ancient Persian
Persian form of the Avestan name Takhmaspa
, which was derived from takhma
"strong, brave, valiant" and aspa
"horse". This name was borne by two Safavid shahs of Persia.
TAHMURAS m Persian Mythology
Persian form of Avestan Takhma Urupi
meaning "strong body". Takhma Urupi is a hero from the Avesta who later appears in the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh'.
TAI m & f Chinese
From Chinese 太 (tài)
meaning "very, extreme" or other characters pronounced in a similar way.
TAICHI m Japanese
From Japanese 太 (ta)
meaning "thick, big" and 一 (ichi)
meaning "one", in addition to other combinations of kanji which are pronounced the same way.
TAIKI m Japanese
From Japanese 大 (tai)
meaning "big, great" and 輝 (ki)
meaning "brightness" or 樹 (ki)
meaning "tree". Other kanji combinations are possible.
TAKAHIRO m Japanese
From Japanese 貴 (taka)
meaning "valuable" or 孝 (taka)
meaning "filial piety" combined with 大 (hiro)
meaning "big, great" or 浩 (hiro)
meaning "prosperous". Other kanji combinations are possible.
TAKARA m & f Japanese
From Japanese 宝 (takara)
meaning "treasure, jewel", as well as other kanji or kanji combinations with the same pronunciation.
TAKASHI m Japanese
From Japanese 孝 (takashi)
meaning "filial piety", 隆 (takashi)
meaning "noble, prosperous" or 崇 (takashi)
meaning "esteem, honour, venerate", as well as other kanji or kanji combinations which result in the same pronunciation.
TAKEHIKO m Japanese
From Japanese 武 (take)
meaning "military, martial" or 竹 (take)
meaning "bamboo" combined with 彦 (hiko)
meaning "boy, prince". Other kanji combinations are also possible.
TAKESHI m Japanese
From Japanese 武 (takeshi)
meaning "military, martial" or other kanji having the same reading.
TAKUMA m Japanese
From Japanese 拓 (taku)
meaning "expand, open, support" and 真 (ma)
meaning "real, genuine". Other kanji combinations are possible.
TAKUMI m Japanese
From Japanese 匠 (takumi)
meaning "artisan" or 巧 (takumi)
meaning "skillful". It can also come from 拓 (taku)
meaning "expand, open, support" combined with 海 (mi)
meaning "sea, ocean" or 実 (mi)
meaning "fruit, good result, truth". This name can also be formed of other kanji combinations.
TAKUYA m Japanese
From Japanese 拓 (taku)
meaning "expand, open, support" combined with 也 (ya)
meaning "also" or 哉 (ya)
, an exclamation. This name can be formed with other kanji combinations as well.
TAL m & f Hebrew
Derived from Hebrew טַל (tal)
TALBOT m English (Rare)
From a surname which was perhaps derived from a Germanic given name composed of the elements tal
"to destroy" and bod
TALFRYN m Welsh
From a Welsh place name meaning "high hill", derived from Welsh tal
"high" and bryn
TALIB m Arabic
Means "seeker of knowledge, student" in Arabic. Abu Talib was an uncle of Muhammad
who raised him after his parents and grandparents died. His name was in fact a kunya (a nickname) formed using Abu
; his real name may have been Imran
TALIESIN m Welsh, Arthurian Romance
Means "shining brow", derived from Welsh tal
"brow" and iesin
"shining". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh poet and bard. In later Welsh legends he is portrayed as a wizard and prophet, or as a companion of King Arthur
TALON m English (Modern)
From the English meaning "talon, claw", ultimately derived (via Norman French) from Latin talus
TAMMARO m Italian
Italian form of the Germanic name Thancmar
, which was composed of the elements thank
"thought" and meri
TANCRED m Old Norman
Norman form of a Germanic name meaning "thought and counsel", derived from the elements thank
"thought" and rad
"counsel". This was the name of a leader of the First Crusade, described by Torquato Tasso in his epic poem 'Jerusalem Delivered' (1580).
TANE m Maori, Polynesian Mythology
Means "man" in Maori. In Maori and other Polynesian mythology Tane was the god of forests and light. He was the son of the sky god Rangi
and the earth goddess Papa
, who were locked in an embrace and finally separated by their son. He created the tui bird and, by some accounts, man.
TANGAROA m Polynesian Mythology
Meaning unknown. In Polynesian mythology he was the god of the sea, the son of Rangi
. He separated his parents' embrace, creating the earth and the sky.
TANNER m English
From an English surname meaning "one who tans hides".
TAO m Chinese
From Chinese 涛 (tāo)
meaning "large waves", as well as other characters with a similar pronunciation.
TARANIS m Celtic Mythology
Derived from Celtic taran
meaning "thunder", cognate with Þórr
). This was the name of the Gaulish thunder god, who was often identified with the Roman god Jupiter
TARAS m Ukrainian, Russian
Ukrainian and Russian form of the Greek name Ταρασιος (Tarasios)
, which possibly means "from Taras". Taras was an Italian city, now called Taranto, which was founded by Greek colonists in the 8th century BC and was named for the Greek mythological figure Taras, a son of Poseidon
. Saint Tarasios was an 8th-century bishop of Constantinople. It was also borne by the Ukrainian writer and artist Taras Shevchenko (1814-1861).
TARIK m Turkish
Turkish form of TARIQ
. This name is spelled with a Turkish dotless i
, as Tarık
TARIQ m Arabic
Means "he who knocks at the door" in Arabic. This is the Arabic name of the morning star. Tariq ibn Ziyad was the Islamic general who conquered Spain for the Umayyad Caliphate in the 8th century.
TAROU m Japanese
From Japanese 太 (ta)
meaning "thick, big" and 郎 (rou)
meaning "son". Other kanji combinations are possible.
TARQUIN m History
From the Roman name Tarquinius
which is of unknown meaning, possibly Etruscan in origin. This was the name of two early kings of Rome.
TATE m English
From an English surname which was derived from the Old English given name Tata
, of unknown origin.
TATIUS m Roman Mythology, Ancient Roman
Roman family name of unknown meaning, possibly of Sabine origin. According to Roman legend, Titus Tatius was an 8th-century BC king of the Sabines who came to jointly rule over the Romans and Sabines with the Roman king Romulus.
TATTON m English (Rare)
From a surname which was originally derived from a place name meaning "Tata's town" in Old English.
TAU m Southern African, Tswana, Sotho
Means "lion" in Tswana and Sotho. Tau was the name of the last ruler of the Rolong in South Africa (18th century).
TAUNO m Finnish
Means "peaceful, modest" in Karelian Finnish.
TAVISH m Scottish
Anglicized form of Thàmhais
, vocative case of TÀMHAS
. Alternatively it could be taken from the Scottish surname MacTavish
, Anglicized form of Mac Tàmhais
, meaning "son of Thomas".
TAWFIQ m Arabic
Means "good fortune", derived from Arabic وفق (wafiqa)
"to be successful".
TAYLOR m & f English
From an English surname which originally denoted someone who was a tailor, from Norman French tailleur
, ultimately from Latin taliare
"to cut". Its modern use as a feminine name may have been influenced by British author Taylor Caldwell (1900-1985).
TEAGAN m & f English (Modern)
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Tadhgáin
meaning "descendant of Tadhgán". The given name Tadhgán
is a diminutive of TADHG
TECUMSEH m Native American, Shawnee
Means "panther passing across" in Shawnee. This was the name of a Shawnee leader who, with his brother Tenskwatawa, resisted European expansion in the early 19th century.
TED m English
Short form of EDWARD
. A famous bearer was the American baseball player Ted Williams (1918-2002), who was born as Theodore.
TEGID m Welsh
Possibly derived from Welsh teg
"fair", or possibly from the Roman name TACITUS
. This is the Welsh name of a lake in Wales, called Bala Lake in English. It also occurs in medieval Welsh legends as the husband of Ceridwen
TEIMURAZ m Georgian
Georgian form of TAHMURAS
. This was the name of several kings who ruled over kingdoms located in what is now modern Georgia.
TEKOA m Biblical
Possibly means either "stockade" or "horn, trumpet" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a both a city and a son of Ashhur.
TÉLESPHORE m French (Rare)
French form of the Greek name Τελεσφορος (Telesphoros)
which means "bringing fulfillment" or "bearing fruit". Saint Telesphorus was a 2nd-century pope and martyr.
TELMO m Portuguese, Spanish
Derived from a misdivision of Spanish Santelmo
meaning "saint ELMO
". This name is given in honour of Pedro González Telmo, a 13th-century Spanish priest.
TEMAN m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "right hand" or "south" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a grandson of Esau for whom the town of Teman in Edom was named.
TEMPLE m & f English (Rare)
From a surname which originally belonged to a person who was associated with the Knights Templar, a medieval religious military order.
TEMUJIN m History
Means "of iron" in Mongolian, derived ultimately from the Turkic word temür
"iron". This was the original name of the Mongolian leader better known by the title Genghis
Khan. Born in the 12th century, he managed to unite the tribes of Mongolia and then conquer huge areas of Asia and Eastern Europe.
TENNYSON m English (Rare)
From an English surname which meant "son of Tenney", Tenney
being a medieval form of DENIS
. A notable bearer of the surname was British poet Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809-1892).
TENSKWATAWA m Native American, Shawnee
Means "open door" in Shawnee. This was the name of a Shawnee prophet. With his brother Tecumseh he led his people in resistance against European expansion in the early 19th century.
TENZIN m & f Tibetan, Bhutanese
From Tibetan བསྟན་འཛིན (bstan-'dzin)
which means "upholder of teachings". This is one of the given names of the current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso (1935-).
TEODOR m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Romanian, Bulgarian, Slovak, Czech, Polish, Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian
Form of THEODORE
TERAH m Biblical
Possibly means "station" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Terah is the father of Abraham
. He led his people out of Ur and towards Canaan, but died along the way.
TERCERO m Spanish
Means "third" in Spanish. This name was traditionally given to the third child born.
TERENCE m English
From the Roman family name Terentius
which is of unknown meaning. Famous bearers include Publius Terentius Afer, a Roman playwright, and Marcus Terentius Varro, a Roman scholar. It was also borne by several early saints. The name was used in Ireland as an Anglicized form of TOIRDHEALBHACH
, but it was not in use as an English name until the late 19th century.
TERRELL m English
From an English surname which was probably derived from the Norman French nickname tirel
"to pull", referring to a stubborn person. It may sometimes be given in honour of civil rights activist Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954).
TERRY (1) m & f English
From an English surname which was derived from the medieval name Thierry
, a Norman French form of THEODORIC
TERRY (2) m & f English
Diminutive of TERENCE
. A famous bearer was Terry Fox (1958-1981), a young man with an artificial leg who attempted to run across Canada to raise money for cancer research. He died of the disease before crossing the country.
TEX m English
From a nickname which denoted a person who came from the state of Texas. A famous bearer was the American animator Tex Avery (1908-1980), real name Frederick, who was born in Texas.
TEZCATLIPOCA m Aztec and Toltec Mythology
Means "smoking mirror" in Nahuatl. In Aztec and other Mesoamerican mythology he was one of the chief gods, associated with the night sky, winds, war, and the north. Like his rival Quetzalcoatl
, he was a creator god.
THADDEUS m English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From Θαδδαιος (Thaddaios)
, the Greek form of the Aramaic name Thaddai
. It is possibly derived from a word meaning "heart", but it may in fact be an Aramaic form of a Greek name such as Θεοδωρος
). In the Gospel of Matthew, Thaddaeus is listed as one of the twelve apostles, though elsewhere in the New Testament his name is omitted and Jude
's appears instead. It is likely that the two names refer to the same person.
THALES m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek θαλλω (thallo)
meaning "to blossom". This was the name of a 6th-century BC Greek philosopher and mathematician.
THANATOS m Greek Mythology
Means "death" in Greek. This was the name of the Greek god of death who resided with Hades in the underworld.
THANE m English (Rare)
From the Scottish and English noble title, which was originally from Old English thegn
THELONIUS m Various
Latinized form of Tielo
). A famous bearer was jazz musician Thelonious Monk (1917-1982).
THEOBALD m English (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements theud
"people" and bald
"bold". The Normans brought the name to England, where it joined an existing Old English cognate. The medieval forms Tibald
were commonly Latinized as Theobaldus
. It was rare by the 20th century.
THEODORE m English
From the Greek name Θεοδωρος (Theodoros)
, which meant "gift of god" from Greek θεος (theos)
"god" and δωρον (doron)
"gift". The name Dorothea
is derived from the same roots in reverse order. This was the name of several saints, including Theodore of Amasea, a 4th-century Greek soldier; Theodore of Tarsus, a 7th-century archbishop of Canterbury; and Theodore the Studite, a 9th-century Byzantine monk. It was also borne by two popes.... [more]
THEODORIC m History
From a Germanic name meaning "ruler of the people", derived from the elements theud
"people" and ric
"power, ruler". It was notably borne by Theodoric the Great, a 6th-century king of the Ostrogoths who eventually became the ruler of Italy. By Theodoric's time the Ostrogoths were partially Romanized and his name was regularly recorded as Theodoricus
. The Gothic original may have been Þiudreiks
THEODOSIUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεοδοσιος (Theodosios)
which meant "giving to god", derived from θεος (theos)
"god" and δοσις (dosis)
"giving". Saint Theodosius of Palestine was a monk who founded a monastery near Bethlehem in the 5th century. This also was the name of emperors of the Eastern Roman and Byzantine Empires.
THEOPHANES m Ancient Greek
Means "manifestation of God" from Greek θεος (theos)
"god" and φανης (phanes)
"appearing". This name was borne by a few saints, including an 8th-century chronicler from Constantinople and a 19th-century Russian Orthodox saint, Theophanes the Recluse, who is Феофан (Feofan)
in Russian. Another famous bearer was a 14th-century Byzantine icon painter active in Moscow.
THESEUS m Greek Mythology
Possibly derived from Greek τιθημι (tithemi)
meaning "to set, to place". Theseus was a heroic king of Athens in Greek mythology. He was the son of Aethra, either by Aegeus or by the god Poseidon
. According to legend, every seven years the Cretan king Minos
demanded that Athens supply Crete with seven boys and seven girls to be devoured by the Minotaur, a half-bull creature that was the son of Minos's wife Pasiphaë. Theseus volunteered to go in place of one of these youths in order to slay the Minotaur in the Labyrinth where it lived. He succeeded with the help of Minos's daughter Ariadne
, who provided him with a sword and a roll of string so he could find his way out of the maze.