ASSE m Frisian
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element asc
meaning "ash tree"
ASTAROTH m Literature
, the plural form of ASHTORETH
used in the bible to refer to Phoenician idols. This spelling was used in late medieval demonology texts to refer to a type of (masculine) demon.
AŞTÎ f & m Kurdish
Means "peace, tranquility"
ASTON m & f English (Rare)
From a surname that was originally derived from either a place name meaning "east town" in Old English or from the given name ÆÐELSTAN
ASTROPHEL m Literature
Probably intended to mean "star lover", from Greek αστηρ (aster)
meaning "star" and φιλος (philos)
meaning "lover, friend". This name was first used by the 16th-century poet Sir Philip Sidney in his collection of sonnets Astrophel and Stella
ASUKA f & m Japanese
From Japanese 明日 (asu)
meaning "tomorrow" and 香 (ka)
meaning "fragrance", or from 飛 (asu)
meaning "to fly" and 鳥 (ka)
meaning "bird". Other kanji combinations can be possible as well.
ATHALIAH f & m Biblical
Possibly means "YAHWEH is exalted"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is both a feminine and masculine name. It was borne by the daughter of Ahab
, who later came to rule Judah as a queen.
ATHANARIC m Ancient Germanic
From the Gothic name Athanareiks
, derived from the Germanic element athana
meaning "year" combined with ric
meaning "ruler, mighty". Athanaric was a 4th-century ruler of the Visigoths.
ATHOL m & f Scottish
From the name of a district in Scotland that was derived from Gaelic ath Fodhla "new Ireland"
ATIF m Arabic
Means "affection, kindness"
ATLAS m Greek Mythology
Possibly means "enduring"
from Greek τλαω (tlao)
meaning "to endure". In Greek mythology he was a Titan punished by Zeus
by being forced to support the heavens on his shoulders.
ATON m Egyptian Mythology
Means "solar disk"
in Egyptian. Aton was an Egyptian god of the sun, depicted as a solar disk with long rays extending downwards. The worship of Aton was especially extensive during the reign of the pharaoh Akhenaton
, who proclaimed Aton was the only god.
ATSE m Frisian
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element adal
ATSUSHI m Japanese
From Japanese 淳 (atsushi)
meaning "pure" or 敦 (atsushi)
meaning "kindness, honesty". This name can also be formed from other kanji or kanji combinations.
ATTICUS m Literature, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Αττικος (Attikos)
meaning "from Attica"
, referring to the region surrounding Athens in Greece. This name was borne by a few notable Greeks from the Roman period (or Romans of Greek background). The author Harper Lee used the name in her novel To Kill a Mockingbird
(1960) for an Alabama lawyer who defends a black man accused of raping a white woman.
ATTILA m History, Hungarian
Possibly means "little father"
from Gothic atta
"father" combined with a diminutive suffix. This was the name of a 5th-century leader of the Huns, a nomadic people from Central Asia who had expanded into Eastern Europe by the 4th century. Attila
was the name given to him by his Gothic-speaking subjects in Eastern Europe; his real name may have been Avithohol.
ATTILIO m Italian
Italian form of the Roman family name Atilius
, which is of unknown Etruscan origin. Marcus Atilius Regulus was a Roman consul and hero of the First Punic War.
ATUM m Egyptian Mythology
in Egyptian. This was the name of an Egyptian creator god. He was first prominently worshipped in Heliopolis during the Old Kingdom.
AUBREY m & f English
Norman French form of the Germanic name ALBERICH
. As an English masculine name it was common in the Middle Ages, and was revived in the 19th century. Since the mid-1970s it has more frequently been given to girls, due to Bread's 1972 song Aubrey
along with its similarity to the established feminine name Audrey
AUDLEY m English
From a surname that was taken from a place name meaning "EALDGYÐ's clearing"
in Old English.
AUGUSTINE (1) m English
From the Roman name Augustinus
, itself derived from the Roman name AUGUSTUS
. Saint Augustine of Hippo was a 5th-century Christian theologian and author from North Africa. For his contributions to Christian philosophy he is known as a Doctor of the Church. Due to his renown, the name came into general use in the Christian world. It became popular in England in the Middle Ages partly because of a second saint by this name, Augustine of Canterbury, a 6th-century Italian monk sent to England to convert the Anglo-Saxons.
AUGUSTUS m Ancient Roman, Dutch
Means "exalted, venerable"
, derived from Latin augere
meaning "to increase". Augustus was the title given to Octavian
, the first Roman emperor. He was the adopted son of Julius Caesar who rose to power through a combination of military skill and political prowess. In 26 BC the senate officially gave him the name Augustus
, and after his death it was used as a title for subsequent emperors. This was also the name of three kings of Poland (August
AULUS m Ancient Roman
Possibly from Latin avulus
meaning "little grandfather"
, though it could be from the Etruscan name Aule
, which was possibly derived from avils
meaning "years". This was a Roman praenomen, or given name. Folk etymology connects it to Latin aula
AURANGZEB m History
Means "honouring the throne"
in Persian. This was the name of a 17th-century Mughal emperor of India.
AURELIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name that was derived from Latin aureus
meaning "golden, gilded"
. Marcus Aurelius was a 2nd-century Roman emperor and philosophical writer. This was also the name of several early saints.
AUSTIN m English
Medieval contracted form of AUGUSTINE (1)
. Modern use of the name is probably also partly inspired by the common surname Austin
, which is of the same origin. This is also the name of a city in Texas.
AVILIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name of unknown meaning. Saint Avilius was a 1st-century patriarch of Alexandria.
AVITUS m Ancient Roman
From a Roman family name that meant "ancestral"
in Latin. This was the name of an emperor who briefly reigned over the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. It was also the name of several saints, including a 6th-century bishop of Vienne.
AVTANDIL m Georgian, Literature
Created by the Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli for his 12th-century epic The Knight in the Panther's Skin
. Rustaveli based it on Persian آفتاب (aftab)
meaning "sunshine" and دل (del)
meaning "heart". In the poem Avtandil is a knight who is sent by Tinatin
to search for the mysterious knight of the title.
AYAAN (1) m Indian, Hindi
From Sanskrit अयान (ayana)
meaning "not moving"
or "natural disposition"
or अयन (ayana)
AYAN m Bengali
Means "road, path, solar path"
in Bengali, from Sanskrit अयन (ayana)
AYAZ m Turkish, Azerbaijani, Urdu
From Turkish and Azerbaijani ayaz
or "dry and cold air"
. This was the name of a slave and later companion of the 11th-century sultan Mahmud of Ghazni.
AYMAN m Arabic
Means "right-handed, blessed, lucky"
AYTAÇ m & f Turkish
Derived from Turkish ay
meaning "moon" and taç
meaning "crown" (of Persian origin).
AYUMU m Japanese
From Japanese 歩 (ayu)
meaning "walk" and 夢 (mu)
meaning "dream, vision". Other combinations of kanji are also possible.
AZARIAH m Biblical
Means "YAHWEH has helped"
in Hebrew, derived from עָזַר ('azar)
meaning "help" and יָה (yah)
referring to the Hebrew God. This is the name of many Old Testament characters including of one of the three men the Babylonian king ordered cast into a fiery furnace. His Babylonian name was Abednego
AZAZEL m Biblical
in Hebrew. This is the name of the recipient of a sacrificial goat in the Old Testament. The identity of Azazel is not clear; it may in fact be the name of the place where the goat is to be sacrificed, or it may be the name of some sort of evil desert demon.
AZAZIAH m Biblical
Means "YAHWEH is strong"
in Hebrew. This is the name of three minor characters in the Old Testament.
AZEL m Biblical
in Hebrew. This is both the name of a minor character and a place name in the Old Testament.
AZIZ m Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Uzbek, Kyrgyz, Tajik
Means "powerful, respected, beloved"
, derived from Arabic عزّ ('azza)
meaning "to be powerful" or "to be cherished". In Islamic tradition العزيز (al-'Aziz)
is one of the 99 names of Allah. A notable bearer of the name was Al-'Aziz, a 10th-century Fatimid caliph.
AZRAEL m Judeo-Christian Legend
Variant of AZRIEL
. This was the name of an angel in Jewish and Islamic tradition who separated the soul from the body upon death. He is sometimes referred to as the Angel of Death.
AZRIEL m Biblical
Means "my help is God"
, derived from Hebrew עָזַר ('azar)
meaning "help" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". This was the name of three minor characters in the Old Testament.
BAAK m Frisian
Originally a short form of names starting with the Germanic element badu
BA'AL m Semitic Mythology, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of Semitic ba'l
meaning "lord, master, possessor"
. This was the title of various deities, often associated with storms and fertility, who were worshipped by the Canaanites, Phoenicians, and other peoples of the ancient Near East. It was particularly applied to the god Hadad
BA'AL HAMMON m Semitic Mythology
From Semitic ba'l
meaning "lord" prefixing another word of uncertain meaning. This was the name of the supreme god worshipped in the Phoenician city of Carthage, alongside his consort Tanith
BABAK m Persian, Ancient Persian
Means "little father"
in Persian. This was the name of the father of Ardashir, the founder of the Sassanid Empire in Persia. It was also borne by the 9th-century resistance leader Babak Khorramdin.
BABUR m Urdu
From a Persian word meaning "tiger"
. This was the nickname of Zahir ud-Din Muhammad, the 16th-century founder of the Mughal Empire in India.
BABYLAS m Late Greek, French (Rare)
Derived from the name of the ancient Mesopotamian city of Babylon. Saint Babylas was a 3rd-century patriarch of Antioch who was martyred during the reign of the Roman emperor Decius.
BADEMUS m History
Latinized form of a Persian name of unknown meaning. Saint Bademus was a 4th-century Persian martyr who was a victim of Shapur II's persecutions.
BAER m Limburgish
Short form of ALBAER
and other Limburgish names ending in baer
, often derived from the Germanic element beraht
BAGADATA m Ancient Persian
Old Persian name derived from baga
"god" and data
"given". This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Persian satrap under the Seleucid Empire.
BAHMAN m Persian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Vohu Manah
meaning "good mind"
. This was the name of a Zoroastrian god (one of the Amesha Spenta) associated with domestic animals. It is also the name of the eleventh month in the Iranian calendar.
BAHRAM m Persian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Verethragna
meaning "victory over resistance"
. This was the name of a Zoroastrian god (one of the Amesha Spenta) associated with victory and war. This name was borne by several Sassanid emperors. It is also the Persian name for the planet Mars.
BAI m & f Chinese
From Chinese 白 (bái)
meaning "white, pure", 百 (bǎi)
meaning "one hundred, many" or 柏 (bǎi)
meaning "cypress tree, cedar" (which is usually only masculine). Other Chinese characters can form this name as well. This name was borne in the 8th century by the Tang dynasty poet Li Bai, whose given was 白
BAILEY m & f English
From a surname derived from Middle English baili
, originally denoting one who was a bailiff.
BAKIR m Turkish
Turkish form of BAQIR
. It coincides with the Turkish word bakır
BAKR m Arabic
Means "young camel"
in Arabic. Abu Bakr
was a father-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad
and the first caliph of the Muslim world.
BALA (1) m & f Hinduism, Tamil
in Sanskrit. This is a transcription of both the masculine form बाल
and the feminine form बाला
(a minor Hindu goddess).
BALADEVA m Hinduism
Means "god of strength"
from Sanskrit बल (bala)
meaning "strength" combined with देव (deva)
meaning "god". Baladeva (also called Balarama) is the name of the older brother of the Hindu god Krishna
BALBUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen meaning "stammerer"
in Latin. This was a family name of the mother of Emperor Augustus, Atia Balba Caesonia.
BALDER m Norse Mythology
from Old Norse. In Norse mythology Balder was the son of Odin
. Because of the disturbing dreams he had when he was young, his mother extracted an oath from every thing in the world that it would not harm him. However the evil fire god Loki
learned that she had overlooked mistletoe. Being jealous, he tricked the blind god Hoder into throwing a branch of mistletoe at Balder, which killed him.
BALDRIC m English (Archaic)
Derived from the Germanic elements bald
"bold, brave" and ric
"ruler, mighty". The Normans introduced this name to Britain, and it was common in the Middle Ages.
BALDWIN m English, Ancient Germanic
Means "bold friend"
, derived from the Germanic elements bald
"bold, brave" and win
"friend". In the Middle Ages this was a popular name in Flanders and among the Normans, who brought it to Britain. It was borne by one of the leaders of the First Crusade, an 11th-century nobleman from Flanders. After the crusaders conquered Jerusalem, he was crowned as the king of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
BALFOUR m English (Rare)
From a Scottish surname, originally from various place names, which meant "village pasture"
BALTHAZAR m Judeo-Christian Legend
Variant of BELSHAZZAR
. Balthazar is the name traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who visited the newborn Jesus
. He was said to have come from Arabia.
BAO f & m Chinese
From Chinese 宝 (bǎo)
meaning "treasure, jewel, precious, rare", 褒 (bāo)
meaning "praise, honour" or 苞 (bāo)
meaning "bud" (which is usually only feminine). Other Chinese characters are possible as well.
BAPTISTE m French
in French, originally deriving from Greek βαπτω (bapto)
meaning "to dip". This name is usually given in honour of Saint John the Baptist, and as such it is often paired with the name Jean
BAQI m Arabic
in Arabic. This was the pen name of a 16th-century Turkish poet.
BAQIR m Arabic
Means "to rip open"
in Arabic. Muhammad al-Baqir was the fifth imam of the Shia Muslims.
BARACK m Arabic
Alternate transcription of Arabic باراك
(see BARAK (2)
). A famous bearer is former American president Barack Obama (1961-), who was named after his Kenyan father.
BARAN f & m Persian, Turkish, Kurdish
in Persian. It is typically feminine in Persian and masculine in Turkish and Kurdish.
BARCLAY m Scottish, English (Rare)
From a Scottish surname that was likely derived from the English place name Berkeley
, meaning "birch wood"
in Old English.
BÅRD m Norwegian
Norwegian form of the Old Norse name Bárðr
, which was derived from the elements baðu
"battle" and friðr
BARLAAM m Judeo-Christian Legend
Meaning unknown. In Christian legends Barlaam (recorded as Greek Βαρλααμ
) was a 3rd-century hermit who converted Josaphat, the son of an Indian king, to Christianity. The story is based on that of the Buddha. This name was also borne by two saints.
BARNABAS m German (Rare), English (Rare), Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Greek form of an Aramaic name. In Acts in the New Testament the byname Barnabas was given to a man named Joseph
, a Jew from Cyprus who was a companion of Paul
on his missionary journeys. The original Aramaic form is unattested, but it may be from בּר נביא (bar naviya')
meaning "son of the prophet"
, though in Acts 4:36
it is claimed that the name means "son of encouragement"
. As an English name, it came into occasional use after the 12th century.
BARRETT m English
From a surname probably meaning "strife"
in Middle English, originally given to a quarrelsome person.