CIAN m Irish, Irish Mythology
in Irish. This was the name of the mythical ancestor of the Cianachta in Irish legend. Cian was also the name of a son-in-law of Brian
CIANÁN m Irish
Diminutive of CIAN
. This was the name of a 5th-century Irish saint.
CIAR m Irish
Derived from Irish ciar
CIARÁN m Irish
Diminutive of CIAR
. This was the name of two Irish saints: Saint Ciarán the Elder, the patron of the Kingdom of Munster, and Saint Ciarán of Clonmacnoise, the founder of a monastery in the 6th century.
CICERO m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen derived from Latin cicer
. Marcus Tullius Cicero (now known simply as Cicero) was a statesman, orator and author of the 1st century BC. He was a political enemy of Mark Antony, who eventually had him executed.
CIEL f & m Various
in French. It is not used as a given name in France itself.
CILLIAN m Irish
Probably from Gaelic ceall
combined with a diminutive suffix. This was the name of a 7th-century Irish saint who evangelized in Franconia. He was martyred in Würzburg.
CINÁED m Scottish, Irish
Means "born of fire"
in Gaelic. This was the name of the first king of the Scots and Picts (9th century). It is often Anglicized as Kenneth
CLANCY m Irish, English (Rare)
From the Irish surname Mac Fhlannchaidh
, which means "son of Flannchadh"
. The Irish name Flannchadh
means "red warrior".
CLARENCE m English
From the Latin title Clarensis
, which belonged to members of the British royal family. The title ultimately derives from the name of the town of Clare in Suffolk. As a given name it has been in use since the 19th century.
CLARK m English
From an English surname meaning "cleric"
, from Old English clerec
originally meaning "priest". A famous bearer of the surname was William Clark (1770-1838), an explorer of the west of North America. It was also borne by the American actor Clark Gable (1901-1960).
CLAUDE m & f French, English
French masculine and feminine form of CLAUDIUS
. In France the masculine name has been common since the Middle Ages due to the 7th-century Saint Claude of Besançon. It was imported to Britain in the 16th century by the aristocratic Hamilton family, who had French connections. A famous bearer of this name was the French impressionist painter Claude Monet (1840-1926).
CLAUDIUS m Ancient Roman
From a Roman family name that was possibly derived from Latin claudus
meaning "lame, crippled"
. This was the name of a patrician family prominent in Roman politics. The ancestor of the family was said to have been a 6th-century BC Sabine leader named Attius Clausus, who adopted the name Appius Claudius upon becoming a Roman citizen. The family produced several Roman emperors of the 1st century, including the emperor known simply as Claudius. He was poisoned by his wife Agrippina in order to bring her son Nero (Claudius's stepson) to power. The name was later borne by several early saints, including a 7th-century bishop of Besançon.
CLAY m English
From an English surname that originally referred to a person who lived near or worked with clay. This name can also be a short form of CLAYTON
CLAYTON m English
From a surname that was originally derived from various English place names, all meaning "clay settlement"
in Old English.
CLEDWYN m Welsh
Derived from the Welsh element caled
"rough" combined with gwyn
"white, fair, blessed".
CLEMENT m English
English form of the Late Latin name Clemens
(or sometimes of its derivative Clementius
), which meant "merciful, gentle"
. This was the name of 14 popes, including Saint Clement I, the third pope, one of the Apostolic Fathers. Another saint by this name was Clement of Alexandria, a 3rd-century theologian and church father who attempted to reconcile Christian and Platonic philosophies. It has been in general as a given name in Christian Europe (in various spellings) since early times. In England it became rare after the Protestant Reformation, though it was revived in the 19th century.
CLETUS m English
Short form of ANACLETUS
. This name is sometimes used to refer to the third pope, Saint Anacletus. It can also function as an Anglicized form of KLEITOS
CLEVELAND m English
From a surname that was derived from an Old English place name meaning "hilly land"
. This was the surname of American president Grover Cleveland (1837-1908). It is also the name of an American city, which was founded by surveyor Moses Cleaveland (1754-1806).
CLIFFORD m English
From a surname that was originally from a place name meaning "ford by a cliff"
in Old English.
CLIFTON m English
From a surname that was originally derived from a place name meaning "settlement by a cliff"
in Old English.
CLÍMACO m Spanish
Spanish form of Climacus
, derived from Greek κλιμαξ (klimax)
. The 7th-century monk Saint John Climacus (also known as John of the Ladder) acquired this name because he wrote a book called The Ladder of Divine Ascent
CLINT m English
Short form of CLINTON
. A notable bearer is American actor Clint Eastwood (1930-), who became famous early in his career for his western movies.
CLINTON m English
From a surname that was originally from an Old English place name meaning "settlement on the River Glyme"
. A famous bearer of the surname is former American president Bill Clinton (1946-).
CLIVE m English
From a surname meaning "cliff"
in Old English, originally belonging to a person who lived near a cliff.
CLOPAS m Biblical
Meaning unknown, probably of Aramaic origin. In the New Testament Clopas is mentioned briefly as the husband of one of the women who witnessed the crucifixion, sometimes identified with Alphaeus
CLYDE m English
From the name of the River Clyde in Scotland, from Cumbric Clud
, which is of uncertain origin. It became a common given name in America in the middle of the 19th century, perhaps in honour of Sir Colin Campbell (1792-1863) who was given the title Baron Clyde in 1858.
CODRIN m Romanian
From Romanian codru
, a word of uncertain origin.
CODRUȚ m Romanian
From Romanian codru
, a word of uncertain origin.
CODY m English
From the Irish surname Ó Cuidighthigh
, which means "descendant of CUIDIGHTHEACH"
. A famous bearer of the surname was the American frontiersman and showman Buffalo Bill Cody (1846-1917).
COHEN m English
From a common Jewish surname that was derived from Hebrew כֹּהֵן (kohen)
. This surname was traditionally associated with the hereditary priests who claimed descent from the biblical Aaron
COLA m Anglo-Saxon
Old English byname meaning "charcoal"
, originally given to a person with dark features.
COLBY m English
From a surname, originally from various English place names, derived from the Old Norse nickname Koli
(meaning "coal, dark") and býr
COLE m English
From a surname that was originally derived from the Old English byname COLA
COLMÁN m Irish
Diminutive of Colm
). This was the name of a large number of Irish saints.
COLT m English
From the English word for a young male horse or from the surname of the same origin. It may be given in honour of the American industrialist Samuel Colt (1814-1862) or the firearms company that bears his name.
COLUM m Irish
Irish form of COLUMBA
. This is also an Old Irish word meaning "dove", derived from Latin columba
COLUMBA m & f Late Roman
Late Latin name meaning "dove"
. The dove is a symbol of the Holy Spirit in Christianity. This was the name of several early saints both masculine and feminine, most notably the 6th-century Irish monk Saint Columba (or Colum) who established a monastery on the island of Iona off the coast of Scotland. He is credited with the conversion of Scotland to Christianity.
COLUMBAN m Irish
Possibly an Irish diminutive of COLUMBA
. Alternatively, it may be derived from Old Irish colum
"dove" and bán
"white". The 7th-century Saint Columban of Leinster was the founder of several monasteries in Europe.
COLUMBANUS m Late Roman
This name can be viewed as a derivative of COLUMBA
or a Latinized form of COLUMBAN
, both derivations being approximately equivalent. This is the name of Saint Columban in Latin sources.
COLWYN m Welsh
From the name of a river in northern Wales.
COMHGHALL m Irish
Means "joint pledge"
from Irish comh
"together" and gall
COMHGHÁN m Irish
Means "born together"
from Irish comh
"together" and gan
CONALL m Irish, Scottish, Irish Mythology
Means "strong wolf"
in Irish. This is the name of several characters in Irish legend including the hero Conall Cernach ("Conall of the victories"), a member of the Red Branch of Ulster, who avenged Cúchulainn
's death by killing Lugaid.
CONAN m Irish
Means "little wolf"
or "little hound"
from Irish cú
"wolf, hound" combined with a diminutive suffix. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930) was the author of the Sherlock Holmes mystery stories.
CONFUCIUS m History
Anglicized form of the Chinese name Kong Fuzi
. The surname 孔 (Kong)
means "hole, opening" and the title 夫子 (Fuzi)
means "master". This was the name of a 6th-century BC Chinese philosopher. His given name was Qiu
CONLAOCH m Irish Mythology
Possibly derived from Irish conn
"chief" and flaith
"lord". This was the name of several characters in Irish legend including a son of Cúchulainn
who was accidentally killed by his father.
CONLETH m Irish
Modern form of the old Irish name Conláed
, possibly meaning "chaste fire"
from Irish connla
"chaste" and aodh
"fire". Saint Conláed was a 5th-century bishop of Kildare.
CONOR m Irish, English, Irish Mythology
Anglicized form of the Irish name Conchobar
, derived from Old Irish con
"hound, dog, wolf" and cobar
"desiring". It has been in use in Ireland for centuries and was the name of several Irish kings. It was also borne by the legendary Ulster king Conchobar mac Nessa, known for his tragic desire for Deirdre
CONRAD m English, German, Ancient Germanic
Means "brave counsel"
, derived from the Germanic elements kuoni
"brave" and rad
"counsel". This was the name of a 10th-century saint and bishop of Konstanz, in southern Germany. It was also borne by several medieval German kings and dukes. In England it was occasionally used during the Middle Ages, but has only been common since the 19th century when it was reintroduced from Germany.
CONSTANS m Late Roman
Late Latin name meaning "constant, steadfast"
. This was the name of a 4th-century Roman emperor, a son of Constantine
CONSTANTINE m History
From the Latin name Constantinus
, a derivative of CONSTANS
. Constantine the Great (272-337) was the first Roman emperor to adopt Christianity. He moved the capital of the empire from Rome to Byzantium, which he renamed Constantinople (modern Istanbul).
CONSUS m Roman Mythology
Possibly derived from Latin conserere
meaning "to sow, to plant"
. Consus was a Roman god of the harvest and grain.
CONWAY m English
From a surname that was derived from the name of the River Conwy, which possibly means "holy water" in Welsh.
COOPER m English
From a surname meaning "barrel maker"
, from Middle English couper
CORBIN m English
From a French surname that was derived from corbeau "raven"
, originally denoting a person who had dark hair. The name was probably popularized in America by actor Corbin Bernsen (1954-).
CORDELL m English
From a surname meaning "maker of cord"
or "seller of cord"
in Middle English.
CORENTIN m Breton, French
Possibly means "hurricane"
in Breton. This was the name of a 5th-century bishop of Quimper in Brittany.
COREY m English
From a surname that was derived from the Old Norse given name Kóri
, of unknown meaning. This name became popular in the 1960s due to the character Corey Baker on the television series Julia
CORMAC m Irish
Possibly derived from Irish Gaelic corb
"raven" or "wheel" and mac
"son". This was the name of a 3rd-century king of Ireland.
CORNELIUS m Ancient Roman, English, Dutch, German, Biblical
Roman family name that possibly derives from the Latin element cornu
. In Acts in the New Testament Cornelius is a centurion who is directed by an angel to seek Peter
. After speaking with Peter he converts to Christianity, and he is traditionally deemed the first gentile convert. The name was also borne by a few early saints, including a 3rd-century pope. In England it came into use in the 16th century, partly due to Dutch influence.
CORWIN m English
From an English surname, derived from Old French cordoan
"leather", ultimately from the name of the Spanish city of Cordova
COSIMO m Italian
Italian form of COSMAS
. A famous bearer was Cosimo de' Medici, the 15th-century founder of Medici rule in Florence, who was a patron of the Renaissance and a successful merchant. Other members of the Medici family have also borne this name.
COSMAS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Κοσμας (Kosmas)
, which was derived from κοσμος (kosmos)
meaning "order, decency"
. Saint Cosmas was martyred with his twin brother Damian in the 4th century. They are the patron saints of physicians.
COSMO m Italian, English
Italian variant of COSIMO
. It was introduced to Britain in the 18th century by the second Scottish Duke of Gordon, who named his son and successor after his friend Cosimo III de' Medici.
COURTNEY f & m English
From an aristocratic English surname that was derived either from the French place name Courtenay
(originally a derivative of the personal name Curtenus
, itself derived from Latin curtus
"short") or else from a Norman nickname meaning "short nose". As a feminine name in America, it first became popular during the 1970s.
COY m English
From a surname that meant "quiet, shy, coy"
from Middle English coi
CRAIG m Scottish, English
From a Scottish surname that was derived from Gaelic creag
, originally indicating a person who lived near a crag.
CRAWFORD m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "crow ford"
in Old English.
CREE m English (Rare)
From the name of a Native American tribe of central Canada. Their name derives via French from the Cree word kiristino
CREIGHTON m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name, originally from Gaelic crioch
"border" combined with Old English tun
CRESCENTIUS m Late Roman
Latin name that was a derivative of the name CRESCENS
. Saint Crescentius was a child martyred in Rome during the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian in the early 4th century.
CRISPIN m English (Rare)
From the Roman cognomen Crispinus
, which was derived from the name CRISPUS
. Saint Crispin was a 3rd-century Roman who was martyred with his twin brother Crispinian in Gaul. They are the patrons of shoemakers. They were popular saints in England during the Middle Ages, and the name has occasionally been used since that time.
CROFTON m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "town with a small enclosed field"
in Old English.
CRONUS m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek Κρονος (Kronos)
, possibly derived from the Indo-European root *ker-
meaning "to cut"
. Cronus was the Titan who fathered the Greek gods. As his wife Rhea
gave birth to the gods, Cronus swallowed them fearing the prophecy that he would be overthrown by one of his children. However Rhea hid Zeus
, her last child, who eventually forced his father to disgorge his siblings. Cronus and the rest of the Titans were then defeated by the gods and exiled.
ČRTOMIR m Slovene
Derived from the Slavic elements črt
"hatred" and miru
"peace, world". This is the name of the hero in the Slovene national epic Baptism on the Savica
(1835) by France Prešeren.
CRUZ f & m Spanish, Portuguese
in Spanish or Portuguese, referring to the cross of the crucifixion.
CSABA m Hungarian
Possibly means either "shepherd"
in Hungarian. According to legend this was the name of a son of Attila
CSANÁD m Hungarian
Derived from the old Hungarian name Csana
, of unknown meaning. This was the name of an 11th-century ruler, also known as Cenad
, of the Hungarian region that came to be called Csanád County (now split between Hungary and Romania).
CSONGOR m Hungarian
Possibly from a Turkic root meaning "falcon"
. The Hungarian poet and dramatist Mihály Vörösmarty used it in his play Csongor és Tünde
CTIRAD m Czech
Derived from the Slavic elements chisti
meaning "honour" and rad
meaning "happy, willing". In Czech legend this was the name of one of the men tricked by Šárka
CUÁN m Irish
Means "little wolf"
or "little hound"
from the Irish element cú
meaning "wolf, hound" combined with a diminutive suffix.
CUAUHTÉMOC m Native American, Nahuatl
Means "falling eagle"
in Nahuatl. This was the name of the last Aztec emperor, ruling until he was captured and executed by the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in the year 1525.
CÚCHULAINN m Irish Mythology
Means "hound of Culann"
in Irish. This was the usual name of the warrior hero who was named Sétanta at birth, given to him because he took the place of one of Culann's hounds after he accidentally killed it. Irish legend tells of Cúchulainn's many adventures, including his single-handed defense of Ulster against the army of Queen Medb
CUIMÍN m Irish
Possibly from Celtic cam
meaning "bent, crooked"
. This was the name of a 6th-century Irish saint.
CULHWCH m Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Means "hiding place of the pig"
in Welsh. In Welsh legend he was the lover of Olwen
the daughter of the giant Yspaddaden. Before the giant would allow Culhwch to marry his daughter, he insisted that Culhwch complete a series of extremely difficult tasks. Culhwch managed to complete them, and he returned to marry Olwen and kill the giant. This tale appears in the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth.
CUNOBELINUS m Ancient Celtic
Possibly means "hound of Belenus"
from the old Celtic element koun
"hound" combined with the name of the god BELENUS
. This was the name of a 1st-century king of southeast Britain.
CUPID m Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
From the Latin Cupido
. This was the name of the Roman god of love, the son of Venus
. He was portrayed as a winged, blindfolded boy, armed with a bow and arrows, which caused the victim to fall in love. His Greek equivalent was Eros
CURTIS m English
From an English surname that originally meant "courteous"
in Old French.
CUSTODIO m Spanish
in Spanish, from Latin custodia
CUTHBERT m English (Rare)
Derived from the Old English elements cuþ
"famous" and beorht
"bright". Saint Cuthbert was a 6th-century hermit who became the bishop of Lindisfarne, an island off the coast of England. He was known as performer of healing miracles. Because of the saint, this name remained in use in England even after the Norman Conquest. It became rare after the Protestant Reformation, but it was (briefly) revived in the 19th century.
CYNWRIG m Ancient Celtic
Derived from Welsh cyn
meaning "chief" and gwr
meaning "hero, man", plus the suffix ig
indicating "has the quality of".
CYPRIAN m Polish, English (Rare)
From the Roman family name Cyprianus
, which meant "from Cyprus"
. Saint Cyprian was a 3rd-century bishop of Carthage and a martyr under the emperor Valerian.
CYRANO m Literature
Possibly derived from the name of the ancient Greek city of Cyrene, which was located in North Africa. Edmond Rostand used this name in his play Cyrano de Bergerac
(1897). He based his character upon a real person, Savinien Cyrano de Bergerac, a French satirist of the 17th century.
CYRIACUS m Late Roman
Latinized form of the Greek name Κυριακος (Kyriakos)
, which meant "of the lord"
(derived from Greek κυριος (kyrios)
meaning "lord"). This was the name of a few early saints.
CYRUS m English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From Κυρος (Kyros)
, the Greek form of the Persian name Kūrush
, which may mean "far sighted"
. The name is sometimes associated with Greek κυριος (kyrios)
meaning "lord". It was borne by several kings of Persia, including Cyrus the Great, who conquered Babylon. He is famous in the Old Testament for freeing the captive Jews and allowing them to return to Israel. As an English name, it first came into use among the Puritans after the Protestant Reformation.
DA m & f Chinese
From Chinese 达 (dá)
meaning "achieve, arrive at, intelligent" (which is usually only masculine), 大 (dà)
meaning "big, great, vast, high", or other characters with a similar pronunciation.
DACIAN m Romanian
Derived from Dacia
, the old Roman name for the region that is now Romania and Moldova.
DACRE m English (Rare)
From a surname that was originally derived from a place name in Cumbria, of Brythonic origin meaning "trickling stream"
DAEDALUS m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek Δαιδαλος (Daidalos)
, which was derived from δαιδαλλω (daidallo)
meaning "to work cunningly"
. In Greek myth Daedalus was an Athenian inventor who was banished to Crete. There he designed the Labyrinth for King Minos
, but he and his son Icarus
were eventually imprisoned inside it because he had aided Theseus
in his quest against the Minotaur. Daelalus and Icarus escaped using wings fashioned from wax, but Icarus fell from the sky to his death.
DAE-JUNG m Korean
From Sino-Korean 大 (dae)
meaning "big, great, vast, large, high" combined with 中 (jung)
meaning "middle". Other combinations of hanja characters can form this name as well. A notable bearer was South Korean president Kim Dae-jung (1924-2009).
DAE-SEONG m Korean
From Sino-Korean 大 (dae)
meaning "big, great, vast, large, high" combined with 成 (seong)
meaning "completed, finished, succeeded". Other combinations of hanja characters can also form this name.
DAFYDD m Welsh
Welsh form of DAVID
. This name was borne by Dafydd ap Gruffydd, a 13th-century Welsh ruler, and Dafydd ap Gwilym, a 14th-century poet.
DAGDA m Irish Mythology
Means "good god"
in Celtic. In Irish myth Dagda (called also The Dagda) was the powerful god of the earth, knowledge, magic, abundance and treaties, a leader of the Tuatha De Danann. He was skilled in combat and healing and possessed a huge club, the handle of which could revive the dead.
DAGON m Semitic Mythology
Perhaps related to Ugaritic dgn
. This was the name of a Semitic god of agriculture, usually depicted with the body of a fish.
DAI m Welsh
Derived from the old Celtic word dei
meaning "to shine"
. This name is also used as a Welsh diminutive of DAVID
DAICHI m Japanese
From Japanese 大 (dai)
meaning "big, great" combined with 地 (chi)
meaning "earth, land" or 智 (chi)
meaning "wisdom, intellect". Other kanji combinations are possible.
DAIKI m Japanese
From Japanese 大 (dai)
meaning "big, great" combined with 輝 (ki)
meaning "brightness", 樹 (ki)
meaning "tree" or 貴 (ki)
meaning "valuable". Other combinations of kanji can also form this name.
DÁIRE m Irish, Irish Mythology
Means "fruitful, fertile"
in Irish. This name is borne by many figures in Irish legend, including the Ulster chief who reneged on his promise to loan the Brown Bull of Cooley to Medb
, starting the war between Connacht and Ulster as told in the Irish epic The Cattle Raid of Cooley
DAISUKE m Japanese
From Japanese 大 (dai)
meaning "big, great" and 輔 (suke)
meaning "help". Other kanji combinations are possible.
DÁITHÍ m Irish
Possibly means "swift"
in Irish. It is sometimes used as an Irish form of David