AARON m English, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name אַהֲרֹן ('Aharon)
which is most likely of unknown Egyptian origin. Other theories claim a Hebrew derivation, and suggest meanings such as "high mountain" or "exalted". In the Old Testament this name is borne by the older brother of Moses
. He acted as a spokesman for his brother when they appealed to the pharaoh to release the Israelites from slavery. Aaron's rod produced miracles and plagues to intimidate the pharaoh. After the departure from Egypt and arrival at Mount Sinai, God installed Aaron as the first high priest of the Israelites and promised that his descendants would form the priesthood.... [more]
AATTO m Finnish
Finnish form of ADOLF
. It also means "eve, evening before" in Finnish, as the day before an important holiday.
ABBÁN m Irish
Means "little abbot", derived from Irish abb
"abbot" combined with a diminutive suffix. This was the name of a 6th-century Irish saint, the son of king Cormac of Leinster.
ABBAS m Arabic, Persian
Means "austere" in Arabic. This was the name of the Prophet Muhammad
's uncle. It was also borne by a son of Ali
, the fourth caliph.
ABIEL m Biblical
Means "God is my father" in Hebrew. This was the name of the grandfather of Saul in the Old Testament.
ABIHU m Biblical
Means "he is my father" in Hebrew. This is the name of a son of Aaron
in the Old Testament. He and his brother Nadab were killed by God because they presented him with unauthorized fire.
ABNER m English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Means "my father is a light" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Abner was a cousin of Saul
and the commander of his army. After he killed Asahel he was himself slain by Asahel's brother Joab
. It has been used as an English Christian given name since the Protestant Reformation. It was popular with the Puritans, who brought it to America in the 17th century.
ACHAN m Biblical
Possibly a variation of the Hebrew word עֲכָר ('akhar)
meaning "trouble". In the Old Testament, Achan is stoned to death because he steals forbidden items during the assault on Jericho.
ACHIM (2) m Biblical
Possibly means "he will establish" in Hebrew. In the New Testament this name is listed as an ancestor of Jesus
ADINO m Biblical
Means "ornament" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of King David
's mighty men.
ADOLF m German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Czech, Hungarian, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Adalwolf
, which meant "noble wolf" from the Germanic elements adal
"noble" and wulf
. It was borne by several Swedish kings as a first or second name, most notably by Gustav II Adolf in the 17th century. Association with Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), the leader of the Nazi party in Germany during World War II, has lessened the use of this name.
AERON (1) m & f Welsh
Either derived from Welsh aeron
meaning "berry" or else from the name of a river in Wales.
AESOP m Ancient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek Αισωπος (Aisopos)
, which is of unknown meaning. This was the name of a Greek fabulist of the 6th century BC, famous for such tales as 'The Tortoise and the Hare'.
AIBEK m Kazakh, Kyrgyz
Derived from Turkic ay
"moon" combined with the Turkish military title beg
meaning "chieftain, master".
AITOR m Basque
Possibly means "good fathers" from Basque aita
"father" and on
"good". This was the name of a legendary ancestor of the Basques.
AKIBA m Hebrew
Form of YAAKOV
. Akiba ben Joseph was a prominent 1st-century Jewish sage.
AKIRA m & f Japanese
From Japanese 昭 (akira)
meaning "bright", 明 (akira)
meaning "bright" or 亮 (akira)
meaning "clear". Other kanji with the same pronunciation can also form this name.
ALBAN m German, French, Albanian, English (Rare)
From the Roman cognomen Albanus
which meant "from Alba". Alba (from Latin albus
"white") was the name of various places within the Roman Empire, including the city Alba Longa. This name was borne by Saint Alban, the first British martyr (4th century). According to tradition, he sheltered a fugitive priest in his house. When his house was searched, he disguised himself as the priest, was arrested in his stead, and was beheaded. As an English name, Alban
was occasionally used in the Middle Ages and was revived in the 18th century, though it is now uncommon.
ALGAR m English (Rare)
Means "elf spear" from Old English ælf
"elf" and gar
"spear". This Old English name was rarely used after the Norman conquest, being absorbed by similar-sounding names and Norman and Scandinavian cognates. It was briefly revived in the 19th century.
ALJAŽ m Slovene
Derived from a Slovene surname, which is of unknown meaning.
ALLAH m Theology
Derived from Arabic الإله (al-ilah)
meaning "the deity". It is primarily used to refer to the Islamic God, though it was originally used by pre-Islamic Arabs, and is sometimes used by Arabic-speaking Christians and Jews.
ALLAN m English, Scottish, Danish
Variant of ALAN
. The American author Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) got his middle name from the surname of the parents who adopted him.
ALLEN m English, Scottish
Variant of ALAN
. A famous bearer of this name was Allen Ginsberg (1926-1997), an American beat poet. Another is the American film director and actor Woody Allen (1935-), who took the stage name Allen from his real first name.
ALLON m Biblical
Means "oak" in Hebrew. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.
ALMAS f & m Arabic
Means "diamond" in Arabic, ultimately from Persian.
ÁLMOS m Hungarian
Possibly from Hungarian álmos
"sleepy", though perhaps of Turkic origin meaning "bought". This was the name of the semi-legendary father of Árpád, the founder of the Hungarian state. Álmos's mother Emese supposedly had a dream in which a turul bird impregnated her and foretold that her son would be the father of a great nation.
ALPHA f & m English
From the name of the first letter in the Greek alphabet, Α
ALPIN m Scottish
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Ailpein
, possibly derived from a Pictish word meaning "white". This was the name of two kings of Dál Riata and two kings of the Picts in the 8th and 9th centuries.
ALTER m Yiddish
Means "old" in Yiddish. This name was traditionally given to a sickly newborn by Jewish parents in order to confuse the Angel of Death, in the hopes that he would go looking for somebody younger or somebody else.
ALTON m English
From an Old English surname which was derived from a place name meaning "town at the source of the river".
ALVAH m Biblical
Means "his highness" in Hebrew. This name is mentioned in the Old Testament as belonging to a descendant of Esau.
ALVIN m English
From a medieval form of any of the Old English names ÆLFWINE
. It was revived in the 19th century, in part from a surname which was derived from the Old English names.
ALVIS m Norse Mythology
Means "all wise" in Old Norse. In Norse mythology this was the name of a dwarf who was to marry Thor
's daughter Thrud. Thor was not pleased with this so he tricked Alvis by asking him questions until the sun rose, at which time the dwarf was turned into stone.
ALWYN m Welsh
From the name of the River Alwen in Wales.
AMRIT m Indian, Hindi
Means "immortal" from Sanskrit अ (a)
meaning "not" and मृत (mrta)
meaning "dead". In Hindu texts it refers to a drink which gives immortality.
AMUND m Norwegian
Derived from the Old Norse name Agmundr
, from the element ag
"edge of a sword" or agi
"awe, terror" combined with mundr
AMYAS m English (Rare)
Meaning unknown, perhaps a derivative of AMIS
. Alternatively, it may come from a surname which originally indicated that the bearer was from the city of Amiens in France. Edmund Spenser used this name for a minor character in his epic poem 'The Faerie Queene' (1590).
ANANI m Biblical
Means "my cloud" in Hebrew. This name is mentioned in the Old Testament as belonging to a descendant of King David
ANDOR (1) m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Arnþórr
, derived from the element arn
"eagle" combined with the name of the Norse god Þórr
ANGEL m & f English, Bulgarian, Macedonian
From the medieval Latin masculine name Angelus
which was derived from the name of the heavenly creature (itself derived from the Greek word αγγελος (angelos)
meaning "messenger"). It has never been very common in the English-speaking world, where it is sometimes used as a feminine name in modern times.
ANSEL m English
From a surname which was derived from the given name ANSELM
. A famous bearer was American photographer Ansel Adams (1902-1984).
ANTON m German, Russian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Dutch, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Slovene, Macedonian, Croatian, Romanian, Estonian, Finnish
Form of Antonius
ANWAR m Arabic
Means "brighter, more luminous" in Arabic. This name was borne by Egyptian president Anwar Sadat (1918-1981), who was assassinated three years after being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
ARASH m Persian, Persian Mythology
Possibly means either "truthfulness" or "bright" in Persian. In Persian legend Arash was a Persian archer who was ordered by the Turans to shoot an arrow, the landing place of which would determine the new location of the Persian-Turan border. Arash climbed a mountain and fired his arrow with such strength that it flew for several hours and landed on the banks of the far-away Oxus River.
ARATA m Japanese
From Japanese 新 (arata)
meaning "fresh, new". Other kanji or kanji combinations can also form this name.
ARAWN m Welsh Mythology
Meaning unknown. This was the name of the god of the underworld, called Annwfn, in Welsh mythology.
ARDEN m & f English
From an English surname, originally taken from various place names, which were derived from a Celtic word meaning "high".
ARELI m Biblical
Means "lion of God, hero" in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Gad in the Old Testament.
ARGUS m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek Αργος (Argos)
, derived from αργος (argos)
meaning "glistening, shining". In Greek myth this name belonged to both the man who built the Argo and a man with a hundred eyes.
ARIEL m & f Hebrew, English, French, Biblical, Biblical Greek
Means "lion of God" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament it is used as another name for the city of Jerusalem. Shakespeare used it as the name of a spirit in his play 'The Tempest' (1611), and one of the moons of Uranus bears this name in his honour. As an English name, it became more common for females in the 1980s, especially after it was used for the title character in the Walt Disney film 'The Little Mermaid' (1989).
ARIES m Roman Mythology
Means "ram" in Latin. This is the name of a constellation and the first sign of the zodiac. Some Roman legends state that the ram in the constellation was the one who supplied the Golden Fleece sought by Jason
ARLIE f & m English
From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning "eagle wood" in Old English. This name can also be a diminutive of ARLENE
ARMAN m Kazakh
Means "dream" in Kazakh, of Persian origin.
ARMAS m Finnish
Means "beloved" in Finnish (an archaic poetic word).
ARMEL m French
From the old Welsh name Arthfael
, which was composed of the elements arth
"bear" and mael
"prince". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh saint who founded abbeys in Brittany.
ÁRPÁD m Hungarian
From Hungarian árpa
meaning "barley". This was the name of a 9th-century Magyar ruler who led his people into Hungary. He is considered a Hungarian national hero.
ARRAN m Scottish
From the name of an island off the west coast of Scotland in the Firth of Clyde.
ARWYN m Welsh
From the Welsh intensifying prefix ar-
meaning "white, fair".
ASAPH m Biblical
Means "collector" in Hebrew. This name belongs to several minor characters in the Old Testament.
ASGER m Danish
From the Old Norse name Ásgeirr
, derived from the elements áss
meaning "god" and geirr
ASLAN m Turkish, Kazakh, Azerbaijani, Chechen, Ingush
From Turkic arslan
meaning "lion". This was a byname or title borne by several medieval Turkic rulers, including the Seljuk sultan Alp Arslan (a byname meaning "brave lion") who drove the Byzantines from Anatolia in the 11th century. The name Aslan
was later used by the author C. S. Lewis for the main protagonist (a lion) in his 'Chronicles of Narnia' series of books, first appearing in 1950.
ASTON m & f English (Rare)
From a surname which was originally derived from either a place name meaning "east town" in Old English or from the given name ÆÐELSTAN
ATHOL m & f Scottish
From the name of a district in Scotland which was derived from Gaelic ath Fodhla
ATLAS m Greek Mythology
Possibly means "enduring" from Greek τλαω (tlao)
meaning "to endure". In Greek mythology he was a Titan punished by Zeus
by being forced to support the heavens on his shoulders.
AULUS m Ancient Roman
Possibly from Latin avulus
"little grandfather", though it could be from the Etruscan name Aule
, which was possibly derived from avils
meaning "years". This was a Roman praenomen, or given name. Folk etymology connects it to Latin aula
AYMAN m Arabic
Means "right-handed, blessed, lucky" in Arabic.
AYUMU m Japanese
From Japanese 歩 (ayu)
meaning "walk" and 夢 (mu)
meaning "dream, vision". Other combinations of kanji are also possible.
BABAK m Persian, Ancient Persian
Means "little father" in Persian. This was the name of the father of Ardashir, the founder of the Sassanid Empire in Persia. It was also borne by the 9th-century resistance leader Babak Khorramdin.
BABUR m Urdu
From a Persian word meaning "tiger". This was the nickname of Zahir ud-Din Muhammad, the 16th-century founder of the Mughal Empire in India.
BAQIR m Arabic
Means "to rip open" in Arabic. Muhammad al-Baqir was the fifth imam of the Shia Muslims.
BASIL (1) m English
From the Greek name Βασιλειος (Basileios)
which was derived from βασιλευς (basileus)
meaning "king". Saint Basil the Great was a 4th-century bishop of Caesarea and one of the fathers of the early Christian church. Due to him, the name (in various spellings) has come into general use in the Christian world, being especially popular among Eastern Christians. It was also borne by two Byzantine emperors.
BASIR m Arabic
Means "wise" in Arabic. In Islamic tradition البصير (al-Basir)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
BEHAR m Albanian
From the archaic Albanian word behar
BENNO m German
Short form of German names containing the element bern
BERAT m Turkish
Possibly from Turkish berat
meaning "letters patent".
BEVAN m Welsh
From a Welsh surname which was derived from ap Evan
meaning "son of EVAN
BEVIS m English (Rare)
From an English surname which is possibly derived from the name of the French town Beauvais
BHIMA m Hinduism
Means "terrible, formidable" in Sanskrit. In the Hindu epic the 'Mahabharata' this is the name of the second son of Pandu, and thus one of the five Pandavas. He was known for his terrific strength and skill as a warrior.