Derived from the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and gar
"spear". This was the name of a 10th-century English king, Edgar the Peaceful. The name did not survive long after the Norman conquest, but it was revived in the 18th century, in part due to a character by this name in Sir Walter Scott's novel 'The Bride of Lammermoor' (1819), which tells of the tragic love between Edgar Ravenswood and Lucy Ashton. Famous bearers include author and poet Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849), French impressionist painter Edgar Degas (1834-1917), and author Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875-1950).
Limburgish form of EDMUND
. Its spelling has been influenced by the French pronunciation of Edmond.
From the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and ric
"rule". After the Norman conquest this Old English name was not commonly used. It has occasionally been revived in modern times.
Variant of ETZEL
notably borne by Edsel Ford (1893-1943), the son of the American industrialist Henry Ford.
Means "rich friend" from the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and wine
"friend". This was the name of a 7th-century Northumbrian king, regarded as a saint. After the Norman conquest the name was not popular, but it was eventually revived in the 19th century. A notable bearer was the astronaut Edwin Aldrin (1930-), also known as Buzz, the second man to walk on the moon.
EINARmNorwegian, Icelandic, Swedish, Danish
From the Old Norse name Einarr
, derived from the elements ein
"one, alone" and arr
"warrior". This name shares the same roots as einherjar
, the word for the slain warriors in Valhalla.
Means "God has loved" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is one of the two elders who prophesizes in the Israelite camp.
From Turkic el
meaning "country, society" combined with the Persian suffix دار (dar)
From a surname which was from a place name meaning "Ella's hill" in Old English.
From a surname which was a variant of ELLIOTT
. A famous bearer of the surname was T. S. Eliot (1888-1965), an Anglo-American poet and dramatist, the writer of 'The Waste Land'. As a given name, it was borne by the American mob-buster Eliot Ness (1903-1957).
Greek form of a Hebrew name meaning "God is grandeur". The Gospel of Matthew lists him as an ancestor of Jesus
Descended from various Germanic names such as Agilmar
, which was derived from the elements agil
"edge (of a sword), blade" and mari
From a surname which was derived from the Old English name ÆÐELMÆR
. In the United States it is sometimes given in honour of brothers Jonathan (1745-1817) and Ebenezer Elmer (1752-1843), who were active in early American politics.
Means "light of the people" in Azerbaijani, ultimately derived from Turkic el
"country, society" and Arabic نور (nur)
Altered form of LEROY
, using the Spanish definite article el
as opposed to the French le
From a surname which was originally from a place name meaning "Ella's town" in Old English. A famous bearer of this name is British musician Elton John (1947-), born Reginald Dwight, who adopted his stage name in honour of his former bandmate Elton Dean (1945-2006).
Meaning unknown. It could possibly be a derivative of ALVIS
. More likely, it is from the rare surname Elvis
, which is ultimately derived from the given name ELOISE
. The name was brought to public attention by the singer Elvis Presley (1935-1977), whose name came from his father's middle name.
EMERYm & fEnglish
Norman form of EMMERICH
. The Normans introduced it to England, and though it was never popular, it survived until the end of the Middle Ages. As a modern given name, it is likely inspired by the surname Emery
, which was itself derived from the medieval given name. It can also be given in reference to the hard black substance called emery.
French form of Aemilius
). This name was borne by French author Émile Zola (1840-1902).
Probably from the name of an ancient region in Wales, its name meaning "around the valley". It has also been suggested that this name is a Welsh form of Aemilianus
Variant of EMMETT
. It is used in Ireland in honour of the nationalist and rebel Robert Emmet (1778-1803).
Welsh form of AMBROSE
. Emrys Wledig (or Ambrosius Aurelianus) was a Romano-British military leader who fought against the invading Anglo-Saxons in the 5th century. Tales of his life were used by the 12th-century chronicler Geoffrey of Monmouth to create the character of Merlin, who he called Merlinus Ambrosius or Myrddin Emrys.
Possibly derived from Basque ene
"my" and ko
, a diminutive suffix. This was the name of the first king of Pamplona or Navarre (9th century), whose name is usually rendered as Íñigo
ENGELmGerman (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Originally this was a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element Angil
, the name of a Germanic tribe (known in English as the Angles). Since the Middle Ages it has been firmly associated with the German word engel
ENLILmNear Eastern Mythology
Derived from Sumerian en-lil
"lord of the wind". Enlil was the Sumerian god of the wind and storms, the son of An and Ki.
Italian form of the Roman family name Ennius
which is of unknown meaning. Quintus Ennius was an early Roman poet.
From an Irish surname which was derived from Gaelic inis
From Turkish er
"brave man" and can
From Turkish er
"brave man" and han
, which is from the title khan
German form of ERIC
. The German novelist Erich Maria Remarque (1898-1970) was the author of 'All Quiet on the Western Front'.
From a surname which was originally derived from a Scottish place name. It was popularized as a given name by the Australian actor Errol Flynn (1909-1959).
ERWINmGerman, Dutch, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic name Hariwini
, composed of the elements hari
"army" and win
"friend". It may have merged somewhat with the Germanic name EBURWIN
. A notable bearer was Erwin Schrodinger (1887-1961), an Austrian physicist who made contributions to quantum theory.
ETHANmEnglish, French, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name אֵיתָן ('Eitan)
meaning "solid, enduring, firm". In the Old Testament this name is borne by a few minor characters, including the wise man Ethan the Ezrahite, supposedly the author of Psalm 89.... [more]
Old French form of Audo
). This was the name of an 8th-century French saint. It was also borne by a 9th-century French king.
EVRENm & fTurkish
Means "cosmos, the universe" in Turkish. In Turkic mythology the Evren is a gigantic snake-like dragon.
From an English and Scottish surname which was either based on a Norman form of EDWARD
, or else derived from a place name of unknown meaning.
From a French surname which was derived from the Germanic given name Faro
Means "person who can tell right from wrong" in Arabic. This was the name of the last king of Egypt (1920-1965).
From a German surname which was derived from the Latin name FAUSTUS
. This is the name of a character in German legends about a man who makes a deal with the devil. He is believed to be based on the character of Dr. Johann Faust (1480-1540). His story was adapted by writers such as Christopher Marlowe and Goethe.
Short form of Frisian names beginning with the Germanic element frid
FELIXmGerman, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, Romanian, Ancient Roman, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From a Roman cognomen meaning "lucky, successful" in Latin. It was acquired as an agnomen, or nickname, by the 1st-century BC Roman general Sulla. It also appears in the New Testament belonging to the governor of Judea who imprisoned Saint Paul
From the Late Latin name Fidelis
which meant "faithful". A famous bearer was revolutionary leader Fidel Castro (1926-2016), the former president of Cuba.
FILIPmSwedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Czech, Slovak, Bulgarian, Polish, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian, Hungarian, Romanian, Finnish
Cognate of PHILIP
FIONNmIrish, Irish Mythology
From Irish fionn
(older Irish finn
) meaning "fair" or "white". Fionn mac Cumhail was a legendary Irish hero who became all-wise by eating an enchanted salmon. He fought against the giant Fomors with his son Oisín
and grandson Oscar
FIOREf & mItalian
Means "flower" in Italian. It can also be considered an Italian form of the Latin names FLORA
From the Turkish name of the Euphrates River, which was derived from Old Persian Ufratu
, itself derived from Elamite or Sumerian.
From Persian پیروز (piruz)
or فیروز (firuz)
meaning "victorious". This name was borne by Firuz Shah Tughlaq, a 14th-century sultan of Delhi who did much to build the city's infrastructure.
FLANNm & fIrish
Means "red" in Irish Gaelic. This was the name of a 9th-century king of Tara in Ireland.
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Floinn
meaning "descendant of FLANN
FRANK (1)mEnglish, German, Dutch, French
From a Germanic name which referred to a member of the Germanic tribe, the Franks. The Franks settled in the regions now called France and the Netherlands in the 3rd and 4th century. They derived their tribal name from the name of a type of spear that they used. From medieval times, the various forms of this name have been commonly conflated with the various forms of Francis
German form of Franciscus
). This name was borne by the influential author Franz Kafka (1883-1924), writer of 'The Trial' and 'The Castle' among other works. Also, rulers of Austria and the Holy Roman Empire have had this name.
FREYRmNorse Mythology, Icelandic
Means "lord" in Old Norse. This was the name of a Norse god. He may have originally been called Yngvi
, with the name Freyr
being his title. Freyr presided over fertility, sunlight and rain, and was the husband of the frost giantess Gerd
. With his twin sister Freya
and father Njord
he was one of the group of deities called the Vanir.
Refers to a member of the ethnic group, the Frisians, a Germanic tribe of northwest Europe. Friesland in the Netherlands is named for them.
From the Old Norse name Fróði
, which was derived from fróðr
meaning "learned, wise".
Derived from the Germanic element frod
"wise". This was the name of the hobbit hero in 'The Lord of the Rings' (1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien, who used Old English to translate some hobbit names (Frodo's real name was Maura
). In the novel Frodo Baggins was the bearer of the One Ring on the quest to destroy it in Mount Doom.
GAIUSmAncient Roman, Biblical Latin, Biblical
Roman praenomen, or given name, of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from Latin gaudere
"to rejoice", though it may be of unknown Etruscan origin. This was a very common Roman praenomen, the most famous bearers being Gaius Julius Caesar, the great leader of the Roman Republic, and his adopted son Gaius Octavius (later known as Augustus), the first Roman emperor. This name also appears in the New Testament belonging to a bishop of Ephesus who is regarded as a saint.
Modern form of the Greek name Γαληνος (Galenos)
, which meant "calm" from Greek γαληνη (galene)
. It was borne by a 2nd-century BC Greco-Roman physician who contributed to anatomy and medicine. In modern times the name is occasionally given in his honour.
From a surname meaning "garden" in Old Norse, originally denoting one who lived near or worked in a garden.
Medieval form of GAWAIN
. Though it died out in England, it was reintroduced from Scotland in the 20th century.
From the Late Latin name Aegidius
, which is derived from Greek αιγιδιον (aigidion)
meaning "young goat". Saint Giles was an 8th-century miracle worker who came to southern France from Greece. He is regarded as the patron saint of the crippled. In Old French the name Aegidius
and then Gilles
, at which point it was imported to England.
From a Scottish surname which was derived from Gaelic gleann
"valley". A famous bearer of the surname was American astronaut John Glenn (1921-2016).
Either means "little smith" from Irish gobha
"smith" combined with a diminutive suffix, or else derived from the name of the Irish god GOIBNIU
(which is also a derivative of gobha
Meaning unknown, possibly from a Georgian dialectal word meaning "old man".
GORANmCroatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian, Bulgarian (Rare)
Means "mountain man", derived from South Slavic gora
"mountain". It was popularized by the Croatian poet Ivan Goran Kovačić (1913-1943), who got his middle name because of the mountain town where he was born.
From Japanese 五 (go)
meaning "five" and 郎 (rou)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name for the fifth son. Different combinations of kanji are also possible.
Means "wind" in Persian. This was the name of a Yazata (or angel) associated with the wind in Zoroastrianism.
From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Grádaigh
meaning "descendant of Grádaigh". The name Grádaigh
means "noble" in Gaelic.
From an English and Scottish surname which was derived from Norman French grand
meaning "great, large". A famous bearer of the surname was Ulysses Grant (1822-1885), the commander of the Union forces during the American Civil War who later served as president. In America the name has often been given in his honour.
Latinized form of WIDO
. This was the name of two 11th-century saints. Other notable bearers include 11th-century music theorist Guido d'Arezzo, 13th-century poet Guido Cavalcanti, and 17th-century painter Guido Reni.
From a Hungarian royal title, which was probably of Turkic origin. This name is also used as a Hungarian form of JULIUS
Means "custodian, guardian" in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الحفيظ (al-Hafiz)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
HAGEN (1)mGerman, Germanic Mythology
Derived from the Germanic element hagan
meaning "enclosure". In the Germanic saga the 'Nibelungenlied' he is the half-brother of Günther
. He killed the hero Siegfried
by luring him onto a hunting expedition and then stabbing him with a javelin in his one vulnerable spot.
From Sino-Korean 夏 (ha)
meaning "summer, great, grand" combined with 准 (jun)
meaning "approve, permit". This name can be formed by other hanja characters as well.