HEMMINGmSwedish, Norwegian, Danish
Perhaps derived from Old Norse hamr
"shape", and possibly originally a nickname for a person believed to be a shape changer.
Of Germanic origin, meaning "stallion". Hengist and his brother Horsa were the leaders of the first Germanic settlers in Britain. Hengist established a kingdom in Kent in the 5th century.
HERBERTmEnglish, German, Dutch, French, Swedish
Derived from the Germanic elements hari
"army" and beraht
"bright". The Normans introduced this name to England, where it replaced an Old English cognate Herebeorht
. In the course of the Middle Ages it became rare, but it was revived in the 19th century.
Yiddish diminutive of HIRSH
. As a non-Jewish American name (somewhat common around the end of the 19th century), it was likely inspired by the German surname HERSCHEL
, borne for instance by the British-German astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822).
From Japanese 英 (hide)
meaning "excellent, fine" and 明 (aki)
meaning "bright", as well as other combinations of kanji.
HILDREDf & mEnglish
Possibly from the Old English masculine name Hildræd
, which was composed of the elements hild
"battle" and ræd
"counsel". This name was revived in the late 19th century, probably because of its similarity to the popular names Hilda
From Japanese 寛 (hiroshi)
meaning "tolerant, generous", 浩 (hiroshi)
meaning "prosperous", or other kanji and kanji combinations which are read the same way.
Limburgish form of HUBERT
. Its spelling has been influenced by the French pronunciation of Hubert.
Variant of HORATIUS
. It was borne by the British admiral Horatio Nelson (1758-1805), famous for his defeat of Napoleon's forces in the Battle of Trafalgar, in which he was himself killed. Since his time the name has been occasionally used in his honour.
HUMBERTmFrench, German (Rare), English (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Means "bright warrior", derived from the Germanic elements hun
"warrior, bear cub" and beraht
"bright". The Normans introduced this name to England, though it has always been uncommon there. It was borne by two kings of Italy (called Umberto in Italian), who ruled in the 19th and 20th centuries.
HYEON-JUf & mKorean
From Sino-Korean 賢 (hyeon)
meaning "virtuous, worthy, able" and 珠 (ju)
meaning "jewel, pearl". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
Means "no glory" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the grandson of Eli
and the son of Phinehas
. This name was also used by Washington Irving for Ichabod Crane, the main character in his short story 'The Legend of Sleepy Hollow' (1820).
From Japanese 一 (ichi)
meaning "one" and 郎 (rou)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name given to the first son. Other combinations of kanji characters are also possible.
From Sino-Korean 日 (il)
meaning "sun, day" and 成 (seong)
meaning "completed, finished, succeeded". Other hanja character combinations are possible. A notable bearer was Kim Il-sung (1912-1994), the first leader of North Korea.
Means "he comes in peace" in Egyptian. This was the name of the architect, priest, physician and chief minister to the pharaoh Djoser. Imhotep apparently designed the step pyramid at Saqqara, near Memphis.
INDIANAf & mEnglish
From the name of the American state, which means "land of the Indians". This is the name of the hero in the 'Indiana Jones' series of movies, starring Harrison Ford.
From the Old Norse name Ingimárr
, derived from the name of the Germanic god ING
combined with mærr
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a character in the novel 'El Filibusterismo' (1891) by José Rizal.
From the Hebrew name יִשְׁמָעֵאל (Yishma'el)
meaning "God will hear", from the roots שָׁמַע (shama')
meaning "to hear" and אֵל (el)
meaning "God". In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Abraham
. He is the traditional ancestor of the Arab people. Also in the Old Testament, it is borne by a man who assassinates Gedaliah
the governor of Judah. The author Herman Melville later used this name for the narrator in his novel 'Moby-Dick' (1851).
Meaning unknown. In Islamic tradition this is the name of the angel who will blow the trumpet that signals the coming of Judgement Day. He is sometimes equated with the angels Raphael
from Judeo-Christian tradition.
IZANAGImFar Eastern Mythology
Means "male who invites" in Japanese. In Japanese mythology the god Izanagi was the husband of Izanami
. When she died he unsuccessfully journeyed to the underworld to retrieve her. In the purifying rites that followed his return the gods of the sun, moon and wind were created.
Polish form of HYACINTHUS
. Saint Jacenty was a 13th-century Dominican monk from Krakow who was said to have taken missionary journeys throughout northern Europe and Asia.
From an English surname meaning "son of JACK
". A famous bearer of the surname was American president Andrew Jackson (1767-1845).
Means "God waits" in Hebrew. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.
JAMSHIDmPersian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Yima Kshaeta
, which meant "shining JAM
". This was the name of a mythological king of Persia. He is known as either Jamshid
, where Jamshid
is a combination of his original name and an honourific.
From the Hebrew name יֶפֶת (Yefet)
meaning "enlarged". In the Old Testament he is one of the three sons of Noah
, along with Shem
. He was the ancestor of the peoples of Europe and Northern Asia.
Derived from the Slavic elements yaru
meaning "fierce, energetic" and miru
meaning "peace, world".
Medieval variant of GEOFFREY
. In America, Jeffrey
has been more common than Geoffrey
, though this is not true in Britain.
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹאָשׁ (Yeho'ash)
, an extended form of יוֹאָשׁ
). According to the Old Testament, this was the name of a king of Israel. He probably reigned in the 8th century BC.
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹרָם (Yehoram)
which meant "exalted by YAHWEH
". In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Judah and a king of Israel, both of whom ruled at about the same time in the 9th century BC.
Form of YAHWEH
used in older translations of the Bible, produced by blending the letters of the tetragrammaton with the vowels from ADONAI
From Sino-Korean 正 (jeong)
meaning "right, proper, correct" combined with 好 (ho)
meaning "good, excellent" or 浩 (ho)
meaning "great, numerous, vast". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
From the name of a city in Israel which is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. The meaning of the city's name is uncertain, but it may be related to the Hebrew word יָרֵחַ (yareach)
meaning "moon", or otherwise to the Hebrew word רֵיחַ (reyach)
JI-YEONGf & mKorean
From Sino-Korean 智 (ji)
meaning "wisdom, intellect" or 知 (ji)
meaning "know, perceive, comprehend" combined with 英 (yeong)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero" or 榮 (yeong)
meaning "glory, honour, flourish, prosper". Many other hanja character combinations are possible.
JOCELYNf & mEnglish, French
From a Germanic masculine name, variously written as Gaudelenus
, along with many other spellings. It was derived from the Germanic element Gaut
, which was from the name of the Germanic tribe the Goths, combined with a Latin diminutive suffix. The Normans brought this name to England in the form Goscelin
, and it was common until the 14th century. It was revived in the 20th century primarily as a feminine name, perhaps an adaptation of the surname Jocelyn
(a medieval derivative of the given name). In France this is a masculine name only.
Form of Yochanan
) used in the English Old Testament. It was the name of a military leader in the time of the prophet Jeremiah
Polish form of JOSAPHAT
. This was the name of a 17th-century Polish saint and martyr who attempted to reconcile the Catholic and Eastern Churches.
From Japanese 順 (jun)
meaning "obey, submit" or 淳 (jun)
meaning "pure" combined with 一 (ichi)
meaning "one". Other kanji combinations are possible.
JUPITERmRoman Mythology (Anglicized)
From Latin Iuppiter
, which was ultimately derived from the Indo-European *Dyeu-pater
, composed of the elements Dyeus
) and pater
"father". Jupiter was the supreme god in Roman mythology. He presided over the heavens and light, and was responsible for the protection and laws of the Roman state. This is also the name of the fifth and largest planet in the solar system.
JUSTICEm & fEnglish
From an occupational surname which meant "judge, officer of justice" in Old French. This name can also be given in direct reference to the English word justice
From the Roman cognomen Iuvenalis
which meant "youthful" in Latin. Juvenal was a Roman satirist of the 1st century.
KAILASHmIndian, Hindi, Marathi
From the name of a mountain in the Himalayas which is believed to be the paradise of the Hindu god Shiva
. It possibly means "crystal" in Sanskrit.
KAIMANAm & fHawaiian
From Hawaiian kai
"ocean, sea" and mana
"power". It is also Hawaiian meaning "diamond", derived from the English word diamond
Derived from Greek καλλος (kallos)
meaning "beauty". This was the name of an Athenian who fought at Marathon who later became an ambassador to the Persians.
From Greek καλος Ιωαννης (kalos Ioannes)
meaning "handsome JOHN
", the nickname of a 13th-century emperor of Bulgaria. He successfully defended the empire from the Fourth Crusade.
From Japanese 堅 (katashi)
meaning "hard, firm" or other kanji and kanji combinations which are pronounced the same way.
KEALOHAf & mHawaiian
Means "the loved one" from Hawaiian ke
, a definite article, and aloha
KENDALLm & fEnglish
From a surname which comes from the name of the city of Kendale in northwest England meaning "valley on the river Kent".
From Japanese 健 (ken)
meaning "healthy, strong" or 研 (ken)
meaning "study, sharpen" combined with 一 (ichi)
meaning "one". Other kanji combinations are possible.
KENNEDYf & mEnglish, Irish
From an irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Cinnéidigh
meaning "descendant of CENNÉTIG
". The name is often given in honour of assassinated American president John F. Kennedy (1917-1963).
KENNETHmScottish, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Anglicized form of both COINNEACH
. This name was borne by the Scottish king Kenneth (Cináed) mac Alpin, who united the Scots and Picts in the 9th century. It was popularized outside of Scotland by Sir Walter Scott, who used it for the hero in his novel 'The Talisman' (1825). A famous bearer was the British novelist Kenneth Grahame (1859-1932), who wrote 'The Wind in the Willows'.
From Japanese 謙 (ken)
meaning "humble, modest" and 信 (shin)
meaning "trust, believe". Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
Means "successor, caliph" in Arabic. The title caliph
was given to the successors of the Prophet Muhammad
, originally elected by the Islamic populace.
Means "tent maker" in Arabic. This was the surname of the 12th-century Persian poet Omar Khayyam.
From an English surname which was from a place name meaning "Cybbel's cottage". The surname was borne by Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936), a British novelist born in India who wrote 'The Jungle Book' and other works.
Means "splendid, famous" in Greek. This was the name of one of the generals of Alexander the Great.
KLEMENSmGerman, Danish, Swedish, Polish
German, Danish, Swedish and Polish form of Clemens
). Prince Klemens Metternich was a 19th-century Austrian chancellor who guided the Austrian Empire to victory in the Napoleonic Wars.
KOLOMANmGerman (Rare), Slovak
German and Slovak form of COLMÁN
. Saint Koloman (also called Coloman or Colman) was an Irish monk who was martyred in Stockerau in Austria.
KRISHNAmHinduism, Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, Nepali
Means "black, dark" in Sanskrit. This is the name of a Hindu god believed to be an incarnation of the god Vishnu
. He was the youngest of King Vasudeva's eight children, six of whom were killed by King Kamsa because of a prophecy that a child of Vasudeva would kill Kamsa. Krishna however was saved and he eventually killed the king as well as performing many other great feats. In some Hindu traditions, Krishna is regarded as the supreme deity. He is usually depicted with blue skin.
Means "milk-coloured" in Irish Gaelic. According to legend this was the name of an ancestor of the Irish king Brian
LAKSHMIf & mHinduism, Indian, Telugu, Kannada, Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi, Hindi
Means "sign, mark" in Sanskrit. This is the name of the Hindu goddess of prosperity, good luck, and beauty. She is the wife of Vishnu
and her symbol is the lotus flower, with which she is often depicted.
From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning "long ford" in Old English.
LAVERNEf & mEnglish
From a surname which was derived from a French place name, ultimately derived from the Gaulish word vern
meaning "alder". It is sometimes associated with the Roman goddess Laverna
or the Latin word vernus
LEANDERmGreek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Λεανδρος (Leandros)
, derived from λεων (leon)
meaning "lion" and ανηρ (aner)
meaning "man" (genitive ανδρος
). In Greek legend Leander was the lover of Hero. Every night he swam across the Hellespont to meet her, but on one occasion he was drowned when a storm arose. When Hero saw his dead body she threw herself into the waters and perished.
Means "green leaves" in Sindarin, from laeg
"green" combined with go-lass
"collection of leaves". In 'The Lord of the Rings' (1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Legolas is the son of the elf lord Thranduil and a member of the Fellowship of the Ring.
LEILANIf & mHawaiian
Means "heavenly flowers" or "royal child" from Hawaiian lei
"flowers, lei, child" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
LEONARDmEnglish, Dutch, German, Ancient Germanic
Means "brave lion", derived from the Germanic elements lewo
"lion" (of Latin origin) and hard
"brave, hardy". This was the name of a 5th-century Frankish saint from Noblac who is the patron of prisoners and horses. The Normans brought this name to England, though it did not become common there until the 19th century.
LEOPOLDmGerman, Dutch, English, Slovene, Polish
Derived from the Germanic elements leud
"people" and bald
"bold". The spelling was altered due to association with Latin leo
"lion". This name was common among German royalty, first with the Babenbergs and then the Habsburgs. Saint Leopold was a 12th-century Babenberg margrave of Austria, who is now considered the patron of that country. It was also borne by two Habsburg Holy Roman emperors, as well as three kings of Belgium. Since the 19th century this name has been occasionally used in England, originally in honour of Queen Victoria's uncle, a king of Belgium, after whom she named one of her sons. It was later used by James Joyce for the main character, Leopold Bloom, in his novel 'Ulysses' (1920).
Old Hungarian name, possibly of Slavic origin, or possibly from Hungarian lesz
"will be". This name was used by the Árpád royal family since at least the 10th century.
From a surname which was originally from the name of a city in England, called Lindum Colonia
by the Romans, derived from Brythonic lindo
"lake, pool" and Latin colonia
"colony". This name is usually given in honour of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), president of the United States during the American Civil War.
LINDSAYf & mEnglish, Scottish
From an English and Scottish surname which was originally derived from the name of the region Lindsey
, which means "LINCOLN
island" in Old English. As a given name it was typically masculine until the 1960s (in Britain) and 1970s (in America) when it became popular for girls, probably due to its similarity to Linda
and because of American actress Lindsay Wagner (1949-).
From a surname which was originally taken from place names meaning either "flax ford" or "linden tree ford" in Old English.
From a surname which was originally from a place name meaning "stream forest" in Old English.