EA (1) m Near Eastern Mythology
Meaning unknown, perhaps from Sumerian meaning "house of water". This was the Akkadian and Babylonian name of the Sumerian water god Enki
EADBERHT m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and beorht
"bright". This was the name of an 8th-century king of Northumbria and three kings of Kent.
EADWIG m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and wig
"war". This was the name of a Saxon king of England in the 10th century. The name fell out of use after the Norman conquest.
EADWULF m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and wulf
"wolf". This name fell out of use after the Norman conquest.
EALDRÆD m Anglo-Saxon
From the Old English elements eald
"old" and ræd
"counsel". This name was rarely used after the Norman conquest.
ÉAMON m Irish
Variant of ÉAMONN
. This name was borne by American-born Irish president Éamon de Valera (1882-1975), whose birth name was Edward.
EARL m English
From the aristocratic title, which derives from Old English eorl
"nobleman, warrior". It has been used as a given name since the 19th century.
EASTON m English (Modern)
From an English surname which was derived from place names meaning "east town" in Old English.
EBENEZER m Biblical
Means "stone of help" in Hebrew. This was the name of a monument erected by Samuel
in the Old Testament. Charles Dickens used it for the miserly character Ebenezer Scrooge in his novel 'A Christmas Carol' (1843).
EDEN f & m Hebrew, English (Modern)
Means "place of pleasure" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam
, lived before they were expelled.
EDER (1) m Biblical
Means "flock" in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Beriah in the Old Testament.
EDGAR m English, French
Derived from the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and gar
"spear". This was the name of a 10th-century English king, Edgar the Peaceful. The name did not survive long after the Norman conquest, but it was revived in the 18th century, in part due to a character by this name in Sir Walter Scott's novel 'The Bride of Lammermoor' (1819), which tells of the tragic love between Edgar Ravenswood and Lucy Ashton. Famous bearers include author and poet Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849), French impressionist painter Edgar Degas (1834-1917), and author Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875-1950).
EDISON m English
From an English surname which meant either "son of EDA (2)
" or "son of ADAM
". A famous bearer of the surname was the inventor Thomas Edison (1847-1931).
EDMAO m Limburgish
Limburgish form of EDMUND
. Its spelling has been influenced by the French pronunciation of Edmond.
EDMOND m French
French form of EDMUND
. A notable bearer was the English astronomer Edmond Halley (1656-1742), for whom Halley's comet is named.
EDMUND m English, German, Polish
From the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and mund
"protection". This was the name of two Anglo-Saxon kings of England. It was also borne by two saints, including a 9th-century king of East Anglia who, according to tradition, was shot to death with arrows after refusing to divide his Christian kingdom with an invading pagan Danish leader. This Old English name remained in use after the Norman conquest (even being used by king Henry III for one of his sons), though it became less common after the 15th century.... [more]
EDOM m Biblical
Means "red" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Esau is given the name Edom because he trades his birthright for a helping of red broth.
EDRIC m English (Rare)
From the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and ric
"rule". After the Norman conquest this Old English name was not commonly used. It has occasionally been revived in modern times.
EDSEL m Various
Variant of ETZEL
notably borne by Edsel Ford (1893-1943), the son of the American industrialist Henry Ford.
EDUARD m German, Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Catalan, Dutch, Estonian, Romanian, Georgian, Armenian
Form of EDWARD
EDWARD m English, Polish
Means "rich guard", derived from the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and weard
"guard". This was the name of several Anglo-Saxon kings, the last being Saint Edward the Confessor shortly before the Norman conquest in the 11th century. He was known as a just ruler, and because of his popularity his name remained in use after the conquest when most other Old English names were replaced by Norman ones. The 13th-century Plantagenet king Henry III named his son and successor after the saint, and seven subsequent kings of England were also named Edward.... [more]
EDWIN m English, Dutch
Means "rich friend" from the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and wine
"friend". This was the name of a 7th-century Northumbrian king, regarded as a saint. After the Norman conquest the name was not popular, but it was eventually revived in the 19th century. A notable bearer was the astronaut Edwin Aldrin (1930-), also known as Buzz, the second man to walk on the moon.
EERO m Finnish
Finnish form of ERIC
. A famous bearer was the architect Eero Saarinen (1910-1961).
EFISIO m Italian
From the Latin byname Ephesius
, which originally belonged to a person who was from the city of Ephesus in Ionia. This was the name of a saint martyred on Sardinia in the 4th century.
EGBERT m English, Dutch
Means "bright edge" from the Old English elements ecg
"edge of a sword" and beorht
"bright". This was the name of kings of Kent and Wessex as well as two English saints. The name was rarely used after the Norman conquest but was revived in the 19th century.
EGIL m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From the Old Norse name Egill
, a diminutive of names that began with the element agi
"awe, terror". This was the name of a semi-legendary Icelandic warrior.
EGON m German
Derived from the Germanic element ag
, which means "edge of a sword".
EHUD m Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means "united" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the biblical judges. He killed Eglon, the king of Moab, and freed the city of Jericho from Moabite rule.
ÉIBHEAR m Irish, Irish Mythology
Meaning unknown. According to Irish legend this name belonged to two of the sons of Míl, Éibhear Dunn and Éibhear Finn, the first of the Gaels to conquer Ireland.
EIFION m Welsh
Meaning unknown. This was an old Welsh name that was revived in the 19th century.
EIKE m German
Short form of names beginning with the Germanic element ag
ÉIMHÍN m Irish
Possibly means "swift, prompt" in Irish Gaelic.
EINAR m Norwegian, Icelandic, Swedish, Danish
From the Old Norse name Einarr
, derived from the elements ein
"one, alone" and arr
"warrior". This name shares the same roots as einherjar
, the word for the slain warriors in Valhalla.
EINDRIDE m Norwegian
Derived from the Old Norse name Eindriði
, possibly from the elements ein
"one, alone" and ríða
EINION m Welsh
Probably from the Latin name Ennianus
, a derivative of Ennius
). It is also a modern Welsh word meaning "anvil". This was the name of a 5th-century Welsh king who is considered a saint in some Christian traditions.
EINO m Finnish
Meaning unknown, possibly a Finnish form of a Scandinavian name.
EL m Near Eastern Mythology
From a Semitic word meaning "god", perhaps originally derived from a root meaning "power". This was the name of the chief Semitic god, the father of the gods and mankind. In some cases it was used as a title and applied to other gods of the pantheon. It was used by the Hebrews to refer to Yahweh
ELAH f & m Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "oak tree" or "terebinth tree" in Hebrew. This was the name of the fourth king of Israel, as told in the Old Testament. He was murdered by Zimri
, who succeeded him. In modern Hebrew this is typically a feminine name.
ELAM m Biblical
Possibly means either "hidden" or "eternity" in Hebrew. This was the name of several characters in the Old Testament, including a son of Shem
who was the ancestor of the Elamite peoples.
ELDAD m Biblical
Means "God has loved" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is one of the two elders who prophesizes in the Israelite camp.
ELDON m English
From a surname which was from a place name meaning "Ella's hill" in Old English.
ELI (1) m English, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
Means "ascension" in Hebrew. In the Books of Samuel in the Old Testament he is a high priest of the Israelites. He took the young Samuel
into his service and gave him guidance when God spoke to him. Because of the misdeeds of his sons, Eli and his descendants were cursed to die before reaching old age.... [more]
ELIAKIM m Biblical
Means "God rises" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the master of Hezekiah's household.
ELIGIUS m Late Roman
Late Latin name derived from Latin eligere
"to choose". The 7th-century Saint Eligius is the patron saint of metalworkers.
ELIJAH m English, Hebrew, Biblical
From the Hebrew name אֱלִיָּהוּ ('Eliyyahu)
meaning "my God is YAHWEH
". Elijah was a Hebrew prophet and miracle worker, as told in the two Books of Kings in the Old Testament. He was active in the 9th century BC during the reign of King Ahab
of Israel and his Phoenician-born queen Jezebel
. Elijah confronted the king and queen over their idolatry of the Canaanite god Ba'al
and other wicked deeds. At the end of his life he was carried to heaven in a chariot of fire, and was succeeded by Elisha
. In the New Testament, Elijah and Moses
appear next to Jesus
when he is transfigured.... [more]
ELIOENAI m Biblical
Means "my eyes look to God" in Hebrew. This was the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament.
ELIOT m English
From a surname which was a variant of ELLIOTT
. A famous bearer of the surname was T. S. Eliot (1888-1965), an Anglo-American poet and dramatist, the writer of 'The Waste Land'. As a given name, it was borne by the American mob-buster Eliot Ness (1903-1957).
ELIPHELET m Biblical
Means "God is release" in Hebrew. This is the name of several people in the Old Testament including a son of David
ELISEDD m Ancient Celtic
Derived from Welsh elus
meaning "kind". This was the name of two kings of Powys in Wales.
ELISHA m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew name אֱלִישַׁע ('Elisha')
, a contracted form of אֱלִישׁוּעַ ('Elishu'a)
meaning "my God is salvation". According to the Old Testament, Elisha was a prophet and miracle worker. He was the attendant of Elijah
and succeeded him after his ascension to heaven.
ELIUD m Biblical
Greek form of a Hebrew name meaning "God is grandeur". The Gospel of Matthew lists him as an ancestor of Jesus
ELLERY m English
From an English surname which was originally derived from the medieval masculine name HILARY
ELLIOTT m English
From an English surname which was derived from a diminutive of the medieval name ELIAS
ELMER m English
From a surname which was derived from the Old English name ÆÐELMÆR
. In the United States it is sometimes given in honour of brothers Jonathan (1745-1817) and Ebenezer Elmer (1752-1843), who were active in early American politics.
ELMO m English, German, Italian
Originally a short form of Germanic names that began with the element helm
meaning "helmet, protection". It is also a derivative of ERASMUS
, via the old Italian diminutive Ermo
. Saint Elmo, also known as Saint Erasmus, was a 4th-century martyr who is the patron of sailors. Saint Elmo's fire is said to be a sign of his protection.
ELNATHAN m Biblical
Means "God has given" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a grandfather of king Jehoiachin and a son of Akbor.
ELNUR m Azerbaijani
Derived from Azerbaijani el
"people, nation" and nur
ELOF m Swedish
From the Old Norse name Eileifr
, which was derived from the elements ei
"ever, always" and leifr
ELON m Biblical
Means "oak" in Hebrew. This was the name of one of the ruling judges of the Israelites according to the Old Testament.
ELOUAN m Breton, French
Possibly from a Breton word meaning "light". This name was borne by an obscure 6th-century saint who is now venerated mainly in Brittany and Cornwall.
ELROND m Literature
Means "star dome" in Sindarin. In 'The Lord of the Rings' (1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Elrond was the elven ruler of Rivendell.
ELROY m English
Altered form of LEROY
, using the Spanish definite article el
as opposed to the French le
ELSDON m English (Rare)
From a surname which was originally derived from a place name meaning "Elli's valley" in Old English.
ELTON m English
From a surname which was originally from a place name meaning "Ella's town" in Old English. A famous bearer of this name is British musician Elton John (1947-), born Reginald Dwight, who adopted his stage name in honour of his former bandmate Elton Dean (1945-2006).
ELVIS m English
Meaning unknown. It could possibly be a derivative of ALVIS
. More likely, it is from the rare surname Elvis
, which is ultimately derived from the given name ELOISE
. The name was brought to public attention by the singer Elvis Presley (1935-1977), whose name came from his father's middle name.
ELWOOD m English
From an English surname which was derived from a place name meaning "elder tree forest" in Old English.
EMERSON m & f English
From an English surname meaning "son of EMERY
". The surname was borne by Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), an American writer and philosopher who wrote about transcendentalism.
EMERY m & f English
Norman form of EMMERICH
. The Normans introduced it to England, and though it was never popular, it survived until the end of the Middle Ages. As a modern given name, it is likely inspired by the surname Emery
, which was itself derived from the medieval given name. It can also be given in reference to the hard black substance called emery.
EMIDIO m Italian
From the Late Latin name Emygdius
, which was possibly a Latinized form of a Gaulish name (of unknown meaning). Saint Emygdius was a 3rd-century bishop and martyr, the patron saint against earthquakes.
EMIL m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Romanian, Bulgarian, Czech, Polish, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Hungarian, Icelandic, English
From the Roman family name Aemilius
, which was derived from Latin aemulus
ÉMILE m French
French form of Aemilius
). This name was borne by French author Emile Zola (1840-1902).
EMILIANO m Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of the Roman cognomen Aemilianus
, which was itself derived from the family name Aemilius
EMİRHAN m Turkish
Derived from Turkish emir
"amir, prince" and han
"khan, ruler, leader".
EMLYN m Welsh
Probably from the name of an ancient region in Wales, its name meaning "around the valley". It has also been suggested that this name is a Welsh form of Aemilianus
EMMANUEL m Biblical, French, English
From the Hebrew name עִמָּנוּאֵל ('Immanu'el)
meaning "God is with us". This was the foretold name of the Messiah in the Old Testament. It has been used in England since the 16th century in the spellings Emmanuel
, though it has not been widespread. The name has been more common in continental Europe, especially in Spain and Portugal (in the spellings Manuel
EMMERICH m German, Ancient Germanic
Germanic name, in which the second element is ric
meaning "power". The first element may be ermen
"whole, universal" (making it a relative of Ermenrich
"work, labour" (making it a relative of Amalric
) or heim
"home" (making it a relative of Henry
). It is likely that several forms merged into a single name.
EMMET m English
Variant of EMMETT
. It is used in Ireland in honour of the nationalist and rebel Robert Emmet (1778-1803).
EMMETT m English
From an English surname which was derived from a diminutive of the feminine given name EMMA
EMRYS m Welsh
Welsh form of AMBROSE
. Emrys Wledig (or Ambrosius Aurelianus) was a Romano-British military leader who fought against the invading Anglo-Saxons in the 5th century. Tales of his life were used by the 12th-century chronicler Geoffrey of Monmouth to create the character of Merlin, who he called Merlinus Ambrosius or Myrddin Emrys.
ENDYMION m Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek ενδυειν (endyein)
meaning "to dive into, to enter". In Greek mythology he was an Aeolian mortal loved by the moon goddess Selene
, who asked Zeus
to grant him eternal life. Zeus complied by putting him into an eternal sleep in a cave on Mount Latmos.
ENEKO m Basque
Possibly derived from Basque ene
"my" and ko
, a diminutive suffix. This was the name of the first king of Pamplona or Navarre (9th century), whose name is usually rendered as Íñigo
ENGEL m German (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Originally this was a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element Angil
, the name of a Germanic tribe (known in English as the Angles). Since the Middle Ages it has been firmly associated with the German word engel
ENGELBERT m German, Ancient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements Angil
, the name of a Germanic tribe known in English as the Angles, and beraht
"bright". Saint Engelbert was a 13th-century archbishop of Cologne murdered by assassins.