ZACCAI m Biblical
From the Hebrew name זַכָּי (Zakkay)
meaning "pure". This is the name of a minor character in the Old Testament.
ZACCHAEUS m Biblical
From Ζακχαιος (Zakchaios)
, the Greek form of ZACCAI
. In the New Testament he is a tax collector in Jericho who gives half his possessions to charity.
ZACHARIAH m English, Biblical
Variant of ZECHARIAH
. This spelling is used in the King James Version of the Old Testament to refer to one of the kings of Israel (called Zechariah in other versions).
ZACHARY m English, Biblical
Usual English form of ZACHARIAS
, used in some English versions of the New Testament. This form has been in use since the Middle Ages, though it did not become common until after the Protestant Reformation. It was borne by American military commander and president Zachary Taylor (1784-1850).
ZADOK m Biblical
Means "righteous" in Hebrew. This is the name of several characters in the Old Testament, most notably the high priest of Israel during the reigns of David
. Solomon was anointed by Zadok.
ZAHI m Arabic
Means "beautiful, brilliant" in Arabic.
ZAL m Persian Mythology
Means "albino" in Persian. In the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh' this is the name of a white-haired warrior.
ZALMON m Biblical
Means "shady" in Hebrew. This is the name of one of David
's mighty men in the Old Testament.
ZAN f & m Chinese
From Chinese 赞 (zàn)
meaning "help, support", as well as other characters with a similar pronunciation.
ZANE (1) m English
From an English surname of unknown meaning. It was introduced as a given name by American author Zane Grey (1872-1939). Zane was in fact his middle name - it had been his mother's maiden name.
ZARATHUSTRA m History
Possibly means "golden camel" in Old Iranian, derived from zarat
meaning "golden" combined with ushtra
meaning "camel". Zarathustra was the Persian prophet who founded the ancient religion of Zoroastrianism about the 10th century BC.
ZÁVIŠ m Czech
Derived from a Slavic root meaning "envy".
ZAYD m Arabic
Derived from Arabic زاد (zada)
"to increase". This was the name of a slave who became the adopted son of the Prophet Muhammad
ZEBADIAH m Biblical
has bestowed" in Hebrew. This was the name of several Old Testament characters.
ZEBEDEE m Biblical
From Ζεβεδαιος (Zebedaios)
, the Greek form of ZEBADIAH
used in the New Testament, where it refers to the father of the apostles James and John.
ZEBULUN m Biblical
Possibly derived from Ugartic zbl
meaning "prince". In the Old Testament Zebulun is the tenth son of Jacob
(his sixth son by Leah
) and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Genesis 30:20 implies two different roots for the name: זָבַל (zaval)
"to dwell" and זֵבֵד (zeved)
"gift, dowry". These are probably only folk etymologies.
ZECHARIAH m Biblical, English
From the Hebrew name זְכַרְיָה (Zekharyah)
remembers". This is the name of many characters in the Old Testament, including the prophet Zechariah, the author of the Book of Zechariah. The name also appears in the New Testament belonging to the father of John
the Baptist, who was temporarily made dumb because of his disbelief. He is regarded as a saint by Christians. In some versions of the New Testament his name is spelled in the Greek form Zacharias
or the English form Zachary
. As an English given name, Zechariah
has been in occasional use since the Protestant Reformation.
ZEDONG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 泽 (zé)
meaning "moist, grace, brilliance" combined with 东 (dōng)
meaning "east", as well as other character combinations. A notable bearer was the founder of the People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong (1893-1976).
ZEFERINO m Portuguese
Portuguese form of the Roman name Zephyrinus
, which was derived from the Greek Zephyros
). Saint Zephyrinus was a 3rd-century pope.
ZEKİ m Turkish
Means "intelligent" in Turkish, ultimately from Arabic ذكيّ (dhakiy)
ZELIMKHAN m Chechen
Meaning unknown. The second element is derived from the Turkic title khan
which means "ruler, leader".
ZELOPHEHAD m Biblical
Possibly means either "first born" or "shadow from terror" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Zelophehad is a man who dies while the Israelites are wandering in the wilderness, leaving five daughters as heirs.
ZENO m Ancient Greek (Latinized), Italian
From the Greek name Ζηνων (Zenon)
, which was derived from the name of the Greek god ZEUS
. Zeno was the name of two famous Greek philosophers: Zeno of Elea and Zeno of Citium, the founder of the Stoic school in Athens.
ZEPHANIAH m Biblical
From the Hebrew name צְפַנְיָה (Tzefanyah)
has hidden". This is the name of one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Zephaniah.
ZERAH m Biblical
Means "dawning, shining" in Hebrew. This is the name of a son of Judah
and the twin of Perez
in the Old Testament.
ZEUS m Greek Mythology
The name of a Greek god, related to the old Indo-European god *Dyeus
whose name probably meant "shine" or "sky". In Greek mythology he was the highest of the gods. After he and his siblings defeated the Titans, Zeus ruled over the earth and humankind from atop Mount Olympus. He had control over the weather and his weapon was a thunderbolt.
ZHEN f & m Chinese
From Chinese 珍 (zhēn)
meaning "precious, rare", 真 (zhēn)
meaning "real, genuine", 贞 (zhēn)
meaning "virtuous, chaste, loyal", or other Chinese characters which are pronounced similarly.
ZHENG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 正 (zhèng)
meaning "right, proper, correct" or 政 (zhèng)
meaning "government", as well as other hanja characters with a similar pronunciation.
ZHI m & f Chinese
From Chinese 志 (zhì)
meaning "will, purpose, ambition" or 智 (zhì)
meaning "wisdom, intellect", as well as other characters which are pronounced similarly.
ZHIHAO m & f Chinese
From Chinese 志 (zhì)
meaning "will, purpose, ambition" or 智 (zhì)
meaning "wisdom, intellect" combined with 豪 (háo)
meaning "brave, heroic, chivalrous". Many other character combinations are possible.
ZHONG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 中 (zhōng)
meaning "middle" or 忠 (zhōng)
meaning "loyalty, devotion". Other characters can form this name as well.
ZHOU m & f Chinese
From Chinese 舟 (zhōu)
meaning "boat, ship", in addition to other characters which are pronounced similarly.
ZHUBIN m Persian
Means "spear" in Persian, ultimately from Sanskrit.
ZIBA (2) m Biblical
Means "station" in Hebrew. This was the name of a servant of Saul in the Old Testament.
ZIEMOWIT m Polish
From an old Slavic name derived from the elements sem
"family" and vit
"lord, master". This was the name of a legendary Piast prince of Poland. It was also borne by several other Piast rulers.
ZIMRI m Biblical
Means "my praise" or "my music" in Hebrew. This is the name of a king of Israel in the Old Testament. He ruled for only seven days, when he was succeeded by the commander of the army Omri
ZION m Jewish, Biblical
From the name of a citadel which was in the center of Jerusalem. Zion is also used to refer to a Jewish homeland and to heaven.
ZIV m & f Hebrew
Means "bright, radiant" in Hebrew. This was the ancient name of the second month of the Jewish calendar.
ZIYA m Arabic
Derived from Arabic ضياء (diya)
meaning "splendour, light, glow". This was the name of a 14th-century Islamic Indian historian.
ZIYA AL-DIN m Arabic
Means "splendour of religion" from Arabic ضياء (diya)
"splendour, light, glow" combined with دين (din)
ZOLTÁN m Hungarian
Possibly related to the Turkish title sultan
meaning "king, sultan". This was the name of a 10th-century ruler of Hungary, also known as Zsolt.
ZOPYROS m Ancient Greek
Means "glowing" in Greek. This was the name of a Persian nobleman who aided his king Darius in the capture of Babylon. He did this by mutilating himself and then going to the Babylonians claiming that it had been Darius who did it to him. After gaining their trust he betrayed them.
ZURIEL m Biblical
Means "my rock is God" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name was borne by a chief of the Merarite Levites at the time of the Exodus.