DIRK m Dutch, German, English
Short form of DIEDERIK
. The name was popularized in the English-speaking world by actor Dirk Bogarde (1921-1999), who had some Dutch ancestry. This is also the Scots word for a type of dagger.
DIXIE f English
From the term that refers to the southern United States, used by Daniel D. Emmett in his song Dixie
in 1859. The term may be derived from French dix
"ten", which was printed on ten-dollar bills issued from a New Orleans bank.
DMITRIY m Russian
Russian form of DEMETRIUS
. Dmitriy Mendeleev (1834-1907) was the Russian chemist who devised the periodic table.
DOIREANN f Irish, Irish Mythology
Means "sullen, tempestuous" in Irish. This was the name of several characters in Irish legend, including a daughter of Bodb Derg who poisoned Fionn
DOLLY f English
Diminutive of DOROTHY
were used from the 16th century, and the common English word doll
(for the plaything) is derived from them. In modern times this name is also sometimes used as a diminutive of DOLORES
DOLORES f Spanish, English
Means "sorrows", taken from the Spanish title of the Virgin Mary María de los Dolores
, meaning "Mary of Sorrows". It has been used in the English-speaking world since the 19th century, becoming especially popular in America during the 1920s and 30s.
DOMENICO m Italian
Italian form of DOMINIC
. Domenico Veneziano was a Renaissance painter who lived in Florence.
DOMINIC m English
From the Late Latin name Dominicus
meaning "of the Lord". This name was traditionally given to a child born on Sunday. Several saints have borne this name, including the 13th-century founder of the Dominican order of friars. It was in this saint's honour that the name was first used in England, starting around the 13th century. It is primarily used by Catholics.
DOMITIAN m History
From the Roman cognomen Domitianus
, itself derived from the family name DOMITIUS
. This was the name of a 1st-century Roman emperor, Titus Flavius Domitianus.
DOMITILLA f Italian, Ancient Roman
Feminine diminutive of the Roman family name DOMITIUS
. This was the name of the wife of the Roman emperor Vespasian and the mother of emperors Titus and Domitian.
DOMITIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was probably derived from Latin domitus
meaning "having been tamed".
DONALD m Scottish, English
From the Gaelic name Domhnall
which means "ruler of the world", composed of the old Celtic elements dumno
"world" and val
"rule". This was the name of two 9th-century kings of the Scots and Picts. It has traditionally been very popular in Scotland, and during the 20th century it became common in the rest of the English-speaking world. This is the name of one of Walt Disney's most popular cartoon characters, Donald Duck. It was also borne by Australian cricket player Donald Bradman (1908-2001).
DONATELLO m Italian
Diminutive of DONATO
. The Renaissance sculptor Donato di Niccolo di Bette Bardi was better known as Donatello.
DONATO m Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
From the Late Latin name Donatus
meaning "given". Several early saints had this name. The name was also borne by two Renaissance masters: the sculptor Donato di Niccolo di Bette Bardi (also known as Donatello), and the architect Donato Bramante.
DONG m Chinese
From Chinese 东 (dōng)
meaning "east", 栋 (dòng)
meaning "pillar, beam", or other characters which are pronounced similarly.
DONG-GEUN m Korean
From Sino-Korean 東 (dong)
meaning "east" and 根 (geun)
meaning "root, foundation", as well as other hanja character combinations.
DONNA f English
From Italian donna
meaning "lady". It is also used as a feminine form of DONALD
DONNDUBHÁN m Ancient Irish
Composed of the Gaelic element donn
"brown" combined with dubh
"dark" and a diminutive suffix.
DOR m & f Hebrew
Means "generation" in Hebrew.
DORAN m Irish
From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Deoráin
meaning "descendant of Deoradhán". The name Deoradhán
means "exile, wanderer" in Gaelic.
DORCAS f Biblical
Derived from Greek δορκας (dorkas)
meaning "gazelle". This is the Greek translation of the name Tabitha
in the New Testament (see Acts 9:36).
DOREEN f English
Combination of DORA
and the name suffix een
. The name was (first?) used by novelist Edna Lyall in her novel 'Doreen' (1894).
DORIAN m English, French
The name was first used by Oscar Wilde in his novel 'The Picture of Dorian Gray' (1891), which tells the story of a man whose portrait ages while he stays young. Wilde may have taken it from the name of the ancient Greek tribe the Dorians, or from the surname DORAN
DORINDA f English
Combination of DORA
and the name suffix inda
. It was apparently coined by the English writers John Dryden and William D'Avenant for their play 'The Enchanted Island' (1667). In the play, a loose adaptation of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest', Dorinda is the sister of Miranda.
DORIS f English, German, Croatian, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
From the ancient Greek name Δωρις (Doris)
which meant "Dorian woman". The Dorians were a Greek tribe who occupied the Peloponnese starting in the 12th century BC. In Greek mythology Doris was a sea nymph, one of the many children of Oceanus and Tethys. It began to be used as an English name in the 19th century. A famous bearer is the American actress Doris Day (1924-).
DOROTHEA f German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, English, Late Greek
Feminine form of the Late Greek name Δωροθεος (Dorotheos)
, which meant "gift of God" from Greek δωρον (doron)
"gift" and θεος (theos)
"god". The name Theodore
is composed of the same elements in reverse order. Dorothea was the name of two early saints, notably the 4th-century martyr Dorothea of Caesarea. It was also borne by the 14th-century Saint Dorothea of Montau, who was the patron saint of Prussia.
DOROTHY f English
Usual English form of DOROTHEA
. It has been in use since the 16th century. The author L. Frank Baum used it for the central character in his fantasy novel 'The Wonderful Wizard of Oz' (1900).
DOUGAL m Scottish, Irish
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Dubhghall
, which meant "dark stranger" from dubh
"dark" and gall
DOUGLAS m Scottish, English
Anglicized form of the Scottish surname Dubhghlas
, meaning "dark river" from Gaelic dubh
"dark" and glais
"water, river". Douglas was originally a place name (for example, a tributary of the River Clyde), which then became a Scottish clan name (belonging to a powerful line of Scottish earls). It has been used as a given name since the 16th century.
DOVE f English
From the English word for the variety of bird, seen as a symbol of peace.
DOYLE m Irish
From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Dubhghaill
meaning "descendant of Dubhghall" (see DOUGAL
). Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930) was the author of the Sherlock Holmes mystery stories.
DO-YUN m Korean
From Sino-Korean 道 (do)
meaning "path, road, way" and 允 (yun)
meaning "allow, consent", as well as other hanja character combinations.
DRACO m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Δρακων (Drakon)
which meant "dragon, serpent". This was the name of a 7th-century BC Athenian legislator. This is also the name of a constellation in the northern sky.
DRAGOȘ m Romanian
Originally a short form of Slavic names beginning with the element dragu
"precious", such as DRAGOMIR
. This was the name of a 14th-century ruler of Moldavia.
DRAKE m English
From an English surname derived from the Old Norse byname Draki
or the Old English byname Draca
both meaning "dragon", both via Latin from Greek δρακων (drakon)
meaning "dragon, serpent". This name coincides with the unrelated English word drake
meaning "male duck".
DRAUPADI f Hinduism
Means "daughter of DRUPADA
" in Sanskrit. In the Hindu epic the 'Mahabharata' this is the name of the daughter of king Drupada. She married all of the Pandavas, the five sons of Pandu.
DRAVEN m Popular Culture
From a surname (of unknown meaning) which was used in the movie 'The Crow' (1994).
DRISCOLL m English (Rare), Irish
From an Irish surname which was an Anglicized form of Ó Eidirsceóil
meaning "descendant of the messenger".
DROGO m English (Archaic)
Norman name, possibly derived from Gothic dragen
"to carry" or Saxon drog
"ghost". Alternatively, it could be from the Slavic element dragu
"precious, dear". The Normans introduced this name to England.
DROR m Hebrew
Means "freedom" or "sparrow" in Hebrew.
DRUMMOND m English (Rare)
From a Scottish surname which was derived from various place names, themselves derived from Gaelic druim
DRUPADA m Hinduism
Means "wooden pillar" or "firm footed" in Sanskrit. In the Hindu epic the 'Mahabharata' this is the name of a king of Panchala, the father of Draupadi and Dhrishtadyumna.
DRUST m Ancient Celtic
Pictish name probably derived from Celtic drest
meaning "riot" or "tumult". This name was borne by several kings of the Picts, including their last king Drust X, who ruled in the 9th century.
DRUSUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name, also sometimes used as a praenomen, or given name, by the Claudia family. Apparently the name was first assumed by a Roman warrior who killed a Gallic chieftain named Drausus in single combat. Drausus
possibly derives from a Celtic element meaning "strong".
DUANE m English, Irish
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of the Gaelic surname Ó Dubhán
meaning "descendant of DUBHÁN
DUARTE m Portuguese
Portuguese form of EDWARD
. This name was borne by a 15th-century king of Portugal, who was named after his maternal ancestor Edward III of England.
DUBHÁN m Irish
Irish name derived from dubh
"dark, black" combined with a diminutive suffix.
DUBHSHLÁINE m Ancient Irish
Old Irish name derived from dubh
"dark, black" and either slán
"defiance" or Sláine
, the Gaelic name of the River Slaney.
DUBHTHACH m Ancient Irish
Old Irish name derived from dubh
"dark, black" in combination with a second element of unknown meaning.
DUDLEY m English
From a surname which was originally from a place name meaning "Dudda's clearing" in Old English. The surname was borne by a British noble family.
DUILIO m Italian, Spanish
From the Roman name Duilius
, which is possibly derived from Latin duellum
"war". This was the name of a Roman consul who defeated the Carthaginians in a naval battle.
DUKE m English
From the noble title duke
, which was originally derived from Latin dux
DUKVAKHA m Chechen
Means "to live long", derived from Nakh duqa
"many" and vakha
DULCIBELLA f English (Archaic)
From Latin dulcis
"sweet" and bella
"beautiful". The usual medieval spelling of this name was Dowsabel
, and the Latinized form Dulcibella
was revived in the 18th century.
DULCIE f English
From Latin dulcis
meaning "sweet". It was used in the Middle Ages in the spellings Dowse
, and was recoined in the 19th century.
DULCINEA f Literature
Derived from Spanish dulce
meaning "sweet". This name was (first?) used by Miguel de Cervantes in his novel 'Don Quixote' (1605), where it belongs to the love interest of the main character, though she never actually appears in the story.
DUNCAN m Scottish, English
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Donnchadh
, derived from Gaelic donn
"brown" and cath
"battle". This was the name of two kings of Scotland, including the one who was featured in Shakespeare's play 'Macbeth' (1606).
DUNSTAN m English (Rare), Anglo-Saxon
From the Old English elements dunn
"dark" and stan
"stone". This name was borne by a 10th-century saint, the archbishop of Canterbury. It was occasionally used in the Middle Ages, though it died out after the 16th century. It was revived by the Tractarian movement in the 19th century.
DURANTE m Italian
Italian form of the Late Latin name Durans
which meant "enduring".
DURWARD m English
From an occupational surname which meant "door guard" in Middle English.
DUSHYANTA m Hinduism
Possibly means "destroyer of evil" in Sanskrit. In Hindu legend this is the name of a king who is the husband of Shakuntala
and the father of Bharata
DUSTIN m English
From an English surname which was derived from the Old Norse given name Þórsteinn
). The name was popularized by the actor Dustin Hoffman (1937-), who was apparently named after the earlier silent movie star Dustin Farnum (1874-1929).
DUSTY m & f English
From a nickname originally given to people perceived as being dusty. It is also used a diminutive of DUSTIN
. A famous bearer was British singer Dusty Springfield (1939-1999), who acquired her nickname as a child.
DUTCH m English
From a nickname given to Americans of German descent. It is derived from Deutsch
, the German word for the German people.
DWI m & f Indonesian
Means "two, second" in Indonesian, ultimately from Sanskrit द्वि (dvi)
DWIGHT m English
From an English surname which was derived from the medieval feminine name Diot
, a diminutive of Dionysia
, the feminine form of DIONYSIUS
. In America it was sometimes given in honour of Yale president Timothy Dwight (1752-1817). A famous bearer was the American president Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969).