Created by the Hungarian poet Mihály Vörösmarty in the 19th century. He based it on the name of the legendary mother of the Hungarian people, Enéh
, which may mean "cow" or "deer".
ENKImNear Eastern Mythology
Derived from Sumerian en-ki
"lord of the earth" (though maybe originally from en-kur
"lord of the underworld"). Enki, called Ea
by the Babylonians, was the Sumerian god of water and wisdom and the keeper of the Me, the divine laws.
ENLILmNear Eastern Mythology
Derived from Sumerian en-lil
"lord of the wind". Enlil was the Sumerian god of the wind and storms, the son of An and Ki.
Possibly means "bird-like" in Irish. This was the name of several Irish kings and heroes. It was also borne by a 6th-century saint who built the monastery of Killeany.
Italian form of the Roman family name Ennius
which is of unknown meaning. Quintus Ennius was an early Roman poet.
From an Irish surname which was derived from Gaelic inis
Meaning unknown. This name first appeared in the late 19th century. The aircraft that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima was named 'Enola Gay' after the mother of the pilot.
Italian form of HENRY
. Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) was an Italian physicist who did work on the development of the nuclear bomb.
The meaning of this name is uncertain. In some cases it seems to be an old Italian form of HEINZ
, though in other cases it could be a variant of the Germanic name ANZO
. In modern times it is also used as a short form of names ending in enzo
, such as VINCENZO
EOGHANmIrish, Scottish, Irish Mythology
Possibly means "born from the yew tree" in Irish, though it is possibly derived from EUGENE
. It was borne by several legendary or semi-legendary Irish figures, including a son of Niall
of the Nine Hostages.
Means "dawn" in Greek. This was the name of the Greek goddess of the dawn.
Means "horse joy" in Old English. This name was invented by J. R. R. Tolkien who used Old English to represent the Rohirric language. In his novel 'The Lord of the Rings' (1954) Eowyn is the niece of King Theoden of Rohan. She slays the Lord of the Nazgul in the Battle of the Pelennor Fields.
EPHRATHfBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Means "fruitful place" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name was borne by one of the wives of Caleb. Also in the Bible, it is the name of the place where Rachel was buried.
From the Latin name Epiphanius
, which was from the Greek name Επιφανιος (Epiphanios)
, itself derived from the Greek word επιφανεια (epiphaneia)
meaning "appearance, manifestation". This name was borne by a few early saints. It is associated with the event known in English as the Epiphany (Spanish Epifanía
, Italian Epifania
, Latin Epiphania
), the coming of the three Magi to visit the infant Jesus
Ancient Greek name meaning "newly acquired". This was the name of a 1st-century Greek stoic philosopher.
Derived from Greek επιμηθεια (epimetheia)
meaning "hindsight, hindthought". In Greek mythology he was a Titan, the brother of the god of forethought Prometheus.
Means "appearing, manifesting" in Greek. This was an epithet of two 2nd-century BC Hellenistic rulers: the Seleucid king Antiochus IV and the Ptolemaic king Ptolemy V.
From the name of the Christian festival (January 6) which commemorates the visit of the Magi to the infant Jesus
. It is also an English word meaning "sudden appearance" or "sudden perception", ultimately deriving from Greek επιφανεια (epiphaneia)
Derived from Gaulish epos
meaning "horse". This was the name of the Celtic goddess of horses.
Meaning unknown. Victor Hugo used this name in his novel 'Les Misérables' (1862) for a daughter of the Thénardiers. Her mother got her name from a romance novel.
Means "watchful, vigilant" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is a grandson of Ephraim.
ERASMUSmLate Greek (Latinized)
Derived from Greek ερασμιος (erasmios)
meaning "beloved". Saint Erasmus, also known as Saint Elmo, was a 4th-century martyr who is the patron saint of sailors. Erasmus was also the name of a Dutch scholar of the Renaissance period.
ERASTUSmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Εραστος (Erastos)
meaning "beloved". This was the name of an assistant of Paul
mentioned in Acts and two epistles in the New Testament.
Means "lovely" in Greek. In Greek mythology she was one of the nine Muses, the muse of lyric poetry.
From Turkish er
"brave man" and can
Variant of HARTMANN
. It can also be interpreted as meaning "earth man" from German Erde
"earth", and thus was sometimes used as a translation of Adam
Georgian form of Herakleios
). This name was borne by two Georgian kings of the Bagrationi dynasty.
ERESHKIGALfNear Eastern Mythology
Means "lady of the great earth" in Sumerian. In Sumerian and Babylonian mythology she was the violent goddess of death and the underworld.
From Turkish er
"brave man" and han
, which is from the title khan
ERICmEnglish, Swedish, German, Spanish
From the Old Norse name Eiríkr
, derived from the elements ei
"ever, always" and ríkr
"ruler". A notable bearer was Eiríkr inn Rauda (Eric the Red in English), a 10th-century navigator and explorer who discovered Greenland. This was also the name of several early kings of Sweden, Denmark and Norway.... [more]
German form of ERIC
. The German novelist Erich Maria Remarque (1898-1970) was the author of 'All Quiet on the Western Front'.
ERIKmSwedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian, German, Dutch, English
Scandinavian form of ERIC
. This was the name of kings of Sweden, Denmark and Norway. King Erik IX of Sweden (12th century) is the patron saint of that country.
ERIKAfSwedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Czech, Slovene, Croatian, English, Italian
Feminine form of ERIK
. It also coincides with the word for "heather" in some languages.
Anglicized form of EIREANN
. It has been used as a given name since the middle of the 20th century.
Means "strife" in Greek. In Greek mythology Eris was the goddess of discord. She was the sister and companion of Ares
From the name of an Irish goddess, who according to legend gave her name to Ireland (which is called Éire
in Irish). In reality, the goddess probably got her name from that of the island, which may mean something like "abundant land" in Old Irish.
From the Old Norse byname Erlendr
, which was derived from örlendr
ERLINGmSwedish, Norwegian, Danish
Means "descendant of the jarl", a derivative of the Old Norse word jarl
meaning "chieftain, nobleman, earl".
Variant of IRMA
. It began to be used in the English-speaking world in the 19th century, along with Irma
From the Germanic elements ermen
"whole, universal" and ric
"power". Ermenrich (also often called Ermanaric) was a 4th-century Gothic king.
Derived from Hermetis
, the Latin genitive form of HERMES
, the name of the Greek messenger god.
ERNESTmEnglish, French, Slovene, Polish
Derived from Germanic eornost
meaning "serious". It was introduced to England by the German House of Hanover when they inherited the British throne in the 18th century, though it did not become common until the following century. The American author and adventurer Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) was a famous bearer of the name. It was also used by Oscar Wilde for a character in his comedy 'The Importance of Being Earnest' (1895).
Means "love" in Greek. In Greek mythology he was a young god, the son of Aphrodite
, who was armed with arrows that caused the victim to fall in love.
From a surname which was originally derived from a Scottish place name. It was popularized as a given name by the Australian actor Errol Flynn (1909-1959).
ERSKINEmScottish, Irish, English (Rare)
From a surname which was originally derived from the name of a Scottish town meaning "projecting height" in Gaelic. A famous bearer of the name was the Irish novelist and nationalist Erskine Childers (1870-1922).
ERWINmGerman, Dutch, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic name Hariwini
, composed of the elements hari
"army" and win
"friend". It may have merged somewhat with the Germanic name EBURWIN
. A notable bearer was Erwin Schrodinger (1887-1961), an Austrian physicist who made contributions to quantum theory.
Hungarian form of ELIZABETH
. This is the native name of Saint Elizabeth of Hungary. It was also borne by the infamous Erzsébet Báthory, a 16th-century countess and murderer.
ESAUmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name עֵשָׂו ('Esaw)
which possibly meant "hairy". In the Old Testament Esau is the elder of the twin sons of Isaac
. Once when he was very hungry he sold his birthright to his twin Jacob
for a bowl of stew. Later Jacob disguised himself as Esau and received the elder son's blessing from the blind Isaac. Esau was the ancestor of the Edomites.
ESERf & mTurkish
Means "product, achievement" in Turkish.
ESMÉm & fEnglish, Dutch
Means "esteemed" or "loved" in Old French. It was first recorded in Scotland, being borne by the first Duke of Lennox in the 16th century.
ESMERALDAfSpanish, Portuguese, English, Literature
Means "emerald" in Spanish and Portuguese. Victor Hugo used this name in his novel 'The Hunchback of Notre Dame' (1831), in which Esmeralda is the Gypsy girl who is loved by Quasimodo. It has occasionally been used in the English-speaking world since that time.
Derived from the Old English elements east
"grace" and mund
"protection". This Old English name was rarely used after the Norman conquest. It was occasionally revived in the 19th century.
Spanish form of the Late Latin name Sperantia
which was derived from sperare
From the English word essence
which means either "odour, scent" or else "fundamental quality". Ultimately it derives from Latin esse
Diminutive of ESTHER
. A famous bearer was the American businesswoman Estée Lauder (1908-2004), founder of the cosmetics company that bears her name. Her birth name was Josephine Esther Mentzer. Apparently she added the accent to her name Estee
in order to make it appear French.
Latinate form of ESTELLE
. This was the name of the heroine, Estella Havisham, in Charles Dickens' novel 'Great Expectations' (1860).
From an Old French name which was derived from Latin stella
, meaning "star". It was rare in the English-speaking world in the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century, perhaps due to the character Estella Havisham in Charles Dickens' novel 'Great Expectations' (1860).
ESTHERfEnglish, French, Spanish, Dutch, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Possibly means "star" in Persian. Alternatively it could be a derivative of the name of the Near Eastern goddess ISHTAR
. The Book of Esther in the Old Testament tells the story of Queen Esther, the Jewish wife of the king of Persia. The king's advisor Haman
persuaded the king to exterminate all the Jews in the realm. Warned of this plot by her cousin Mordecai
, Esther revealed her Jewish ancestry and convinced the king to execute Haman instead. Her original Hebrew name was Hadassah
ÉTAÍNfIrish, Irish Mythology
Possibly derived from Old Irish ét
"jealousy". In Irish mythology she was a sun and horse goddess who was the lover of Midir.
Feminine form of ETELE
created by the Hungarian writer András Dugonics for the main character in his novel 'Etelka' (1788).
Means "ether, air" in Georgian. This name features in the Georgian opera 'Abesalom and Eteri' (1918).
ETHANmEnglish, French, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name אֵיתָן ('Eitan)
meaning "solid, enduring, firm". In the Old Testament this name is borne by a few minor characters, including the wise man Ethan the Ezrahite, supposedly the author of Psalm 89.... [more]
Short form of names beginning with the Old English element æðel
meaning "noble". It was coined in the 19th century, when many Old English names were revived. It was popularized by the novels 'The Newcomes' (1855) by William Makepeace Thackeray and 'The Daisy Chain' (1856) by C. M. Yonge. A famous bearer was American actress and singer Ethel Merman (1908-1984).
Middle English form of ÆÐELBERHT
. The name was very rare after the Norman conquest, but it was revived briefly in the 19th century.
From Japanese 悦 (etsu)
meaning "joy, pleased" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child", as well as other kanji combinations.
Short form of HENRIETTA
and other names that end with etta
. A famous bearer was the American singer Etta James (1938-2012), who took her stage name from her real given name Jamesetta.
Form of Chawwah
) used in the Greek translation of Old Testament. Chawwah
is also translated as Zoe
in the Greek Old Testament.
Old French form of Audo
). This was the name of an 8th-century French saint. It was also borne by a 9th-century French king.
Means "good gift" in Greek, from the elements ευ (eu)
"good" and δωρον (doron)
"gift". This was the name of a nymph, one of the Hyades, in Greek mythology.
English form of Eugenius
, the Latin form of the Greek name Ευγενιος (Eugenios)
which was derived from the Greek word ευγενης (eugenes)
meaning "well born". It is composed of the elements ευ (eu)
"good" and γενης (genes)
"born". This was the name of several saints and four popes.... [more]
EUNm & fKorean
From Sino-Korean 恩 (eun)
meaning "kindness, mercy, charity" or 銀 (eun)
meaning "silver, money", as well as other hanja characters which are pronounced in the same way. It usually occurs in combination with another character, though it is sometimes used as a stand-alone name.
From Sino-Korean 恩 (eun)
meaning "kindness, mercy, charity" or 慇 (eun)
meaning "careful, anxious, attentive" combined with 廷 (jeong)
meaning "court" or 婷 (jeong)
meaning "pretty, graceful". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
From Sino-Korean 恩 (eun)
meaning "kindness, mercy, charity" combined with 智 (ji)
meaning "wisdom, intellect" or 地 (ji)
meaning "earth, soil, ground". Other hanja character combinations are possible.