SAANA f Finnish
From the name of a mountain in northern Finland.
SABAS m Spanish
From the Greek name Σάββας (Sabbas)
, which was derived from Hebrew סַבָא (sava')
meaning "old man"
. Saints bearing this name include a 4th-century Gothic martyr, a 5th-century Cappadocian hermit, and a 12th-century archbishop of Serbia who is the patron saint of that country.
SABEEN f Urdu
Possibly from Arabic meaning "follower of another religion"
, a name given to the Prophet Muhammad
and other Muslims by non-Muslim Arabs.
SABINA f Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovene, Russian, Croatian, Swedish, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Sabinus
, a Roman cognomen meaning "a Sabine"
in Latin. The Sabines were an ancient people who lived in central Italy, their lands eventually taken over by the Romans after several wars. According to legend, the Romans abducted several Sabine women during a raid, and when the men came to rescue them, the women were able to make peace between the two groups. This name was borne by several early saints.
SABLE f English (Modern)
From the English word meaning "black"
, derived from the name of the black-furred mammal native to Northern Asia, ultimately of Slavic origin.
SABRINA f English, Italian, German, French
Latinized form of Habren
, the original Welsh name of the River Severn. According to Geoffrey of Monmouth, Sabrina was the name of a princess who was drowned in the Severn. Supposedly the river was named for her, but it is more likely that her name was actually derived from that of the river, which is of unknown meaning. She appears as a water nymph in John Milton's masque Comus
(1634). It was popularized as a given name by Samuel A. Taylor's play Sabrina Fair
(1953) and the movie adaptation that followed it the next year.
SABURŌ m Japanese
From Japanese 三 (sabu)
meaning "three" and 郎 (rō)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name for the third son. Other kanji combinations are possible as well.
SACAGAWEA f Native American
Probably from Hidatsa tsakáka wía
meaning "bird woman"
. Alternatively it could originate from the Shoshone language and mean "boat puller". This name was borne by a Native American woman who guided the explorers Lewis and Clark. She was of Shoshone ancestry but had been abducted in her youth and raised by a Hidatsa tribe.
SACHEVERELL m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a Norman place name. It was occasionally given in honour of preacher Henry Sacheverell (1674-1724).
SACHIE f Japanese
From Japanese 幸 (sachi)
meaning "happiness, good luck" and 枝 (e)
meaning "branch" or 恵 (e)
meaning "favour, benefit". Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
SACHIKO f Japanese
From Japanese 幸 (sachi)
meaning "happiness, good luck" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other kanji combinations are possible.
SA'D m Arabic
Means "fortune, good luck"
in Arabic. Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas was a military commander during the early years of Islam, serving under the Prophet Muhammad
and his successor Umar
SADAF f Arabic
Means "seashell, mother-of-pearl"
SAFAA f & m Arabic
, from Arabic صفا (safa)
. As-Safaa is the name of one of the two sacred hills near Mecca. This can also be an alternate transcription of Arabic صفاء
SAFFRON f English (Rare)
From the English word that refers either to a spice, the crocus flower from which it is harvested, or the yellow-orange colour of the spice. It is derived via Old French from Arabic زعفران (za'faran)
, itself probably from Persian meaning "gold leaves".
SAGA f Norse Mythology, Swedish, Icelandic
Possibly means "seeing one"
in Old Norse. This was the name of the Norse goddess of poetry and history, sometimes identified with the goddess Frigg
. This is also a modern Swedish word meaning "story, fairy tale".
SAGE f & m English (Modern)
From the English word sage
, which denotes either a type of spice or else a wise person.
SAHAK m Armenian
Armenian form of ISAAC
. This was the name of a 5th-century patriarch of the Armenian Church.
SA'ID m Arabic
Means "happy, lucky"
in Arabic. This was the name of a companion of the Prophet Muhammad
SAIMA (2) f Finnish, Estonian
, the name of the largest lake in Finland. The etymology of the lake's name is unknown.
SAIRA f Urdu
Possibly means "traveller"
SAJJAD m Arabic
Means "kneeling in prayer, prostration"
SAKCHAI m Thai
Derived from Thai ศักดิ์ (sak)
meaning "power, honour" and ชัย (chai)
SAKHR m Arabic
Means "solid rock"
in Arabic. This name appears in the poems of the 7th-century poetess Al-Khansa.
SAKI f Japanese
From Japanese 咲 (sa)
meaning "blossom" and 希 (ki)
meaning "hope", besides other combinations of kanji characters.
SAKIKO f Japanese
From Japanese 咲 (saki)
meaning "blossom" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child", as well as other combinations of kanji characters.
SAKURA f Japanese
From Japanese 桜 (sakura)
meaning "cherry blossom", though it is often written using the hiragana writing system. It can also come from 咲 (saku)
meaning "blossom" and 良 (ra)
meaning "good, virtuous, respectable" as well as other kanji combinations.
SAKURAKO f Japanese
From Japanese 桜 (sakura)
meaning "cherry blossom" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other kanji combinations are also possible.
SALACIA f Roman Mythology
Derived from Latin sal
. This was the name of the Roman goddess of salt water.
SALAH AL-DIN m Arabic
Means "righteousness of religion"
from Arabic صلاح (salah)
meaning "righteousness" combined with دين (din)
meaning "religion, faith". A famous bearer of this name was the sultan Salah al-Din Yusuf Ibn Ayyub, known in the western world as Saladin, the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt in the 12th century. He recaptured Jerusalem from the crusaders and repelled the invaders of the Third Crusade. Salah al-Din was an honourific; his birth name was Yusuf.
SALIH m Arabic, Bosnian
in Arabic. According to the Quran this was the name of an early Arabian prophet.
SALIM m Arabic
Means "safe, sound, intact"
in Arabic, derived from the root سَلِمَ (salima)
meaning "to be safe". This transcription represents two different Arabic names.
SALOME f English, German, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From an Aramaic name that was related to the Hebrew word שָׁלוֹם (shalom)
. According to the historian Josephus this was the name of the daughter of Herodias
(the consort of Herod Antipas, the tetrarch of Galilee). In the New Testament, though a specific name is not given, it was a daughter of Herodias who danced for Herod and was rewarded with the head of John
the Baptist, and thus Salome and the dancer have traditionally been equated.... [more]
SALVADOR m Spanish
Spanish form of the Late Latin name Salvator
, which meant "saviour"
. A famous bearer of this name was the Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dalí (1904-1989).
SALVIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name derived from Latin salvus
. This was the family name of the short-lived Roman emperor Otho. It was also borne by several early saints.
SAM (3) m Literature
The name of a hobbit in J. R. R. Tolkien's novel The Lord of the Rings
(1954). His full given name was Samwise
meaning "half wise"
in Old English (the language used by Tolkien to represent the old hobbit speech).
SAMAEL m Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "severity of God"
in Hebrew. This is the name of an archangel in Jewish tradition, described as a destructive angel of death.
SAMANTHA f English, Italian, Dutch
Perhaps intended to be a feminine form of SAMUEL
, using the name suffix antha
(possibly inspired by Greek ἄνθος (anthos)
meaning "flower"). It originated in America in the 18th century but was fairly uncommon until 1964, when it was popularized by the main character on the television show Bewitched
SAMARA f English (Modern), Portuguese (Brazilian)
Possibly derived from the name of the city of Samarra (in Iraq) or Samara (in Russia). The former appears in the title of the novel Appointment in Samarra
(1934) by John O'Hara, which refers to an ancient Babylonian legend about a man trying to evade death. Alternatively, this name could be derived from the word for the winged seeds that grow on trees such as maples and elms.... [more]
SAMO m Slovene, Medieval Slavic
Meaning uncertain. This was the name of a 7th-century ruler of the Slavs, who established a kingdom including parts of modern Slovenia, Austria, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic. He was possibly of Frankish origin.
SAMSON m Biblical, English, French, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name שִׁמְשׁוֹן (Shimshon)
, derived from שֶׁמֶשׁ (shemesh)
meaning "sun". Samson was an Old Testament hero granted exceptional strength by God. His mistress Delilah
betrayed him and cut his hair, stripping him of his power. Thus he was captured by the Philistines, blinded, and brought to their temple. However, in a final act of strength, he pulled down the pillars of the temple upon himself and his captors.... [more]
SAMUEL m English, French, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Jewish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name שְׁמוּאֵל (Shemu'el)
, which could mean either "name of God"
or "God has heard"
. As told in the Books of Samuel in the Old Testament, Samuel was the last of the ruling judges. He led the Israelites during a period of domination by the Philistines, who were ultimately defeated in battle at Mizpah. Later he anointed Saul
to be the first king of Israel, and even later anointed his successor David
ŞAN m & f Turkish
Means "fame, reputation"
SANCHO m Spanish, Portuguese
Possibly a Spanish and Portuguese form of the Late Latin name Sanctius
, which was derived from the word sanctus
meaning "saintly, holy"
. Alternatively, Sancho
may be derived from an older Iberian name. This was the name of a 9th-century saint who was martyred by the Moors at Cordoba. It was also borne by several Spanish and Portuguese kings. Miguel de Cervantes used it in his novel Don Quixote
(1605), where it belongs to the squire of Don Quixote.
SANDALIO m Spanish
Spanish form of Sandalius
, a Latinized form of the Gothic name Sandulf
meaning "true wolf"
, derived from sand
"true" and ulf
"wolf". This was the name of a 9th-century Spanish saint martyred by the Moors.
SANDEEP m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil, Nepali
Alternate transcription of Hindi/Marathi संदीप
, Bengali সন্দীপ
, Gurmukhi ਸੰਦੀਪ
, Gujarati સંદિપ
, Kannada ಸಂದೀಪ್
, Malayalam സന്ദീപ്
, Telugu సందీప్
, Tamil சந்தீப்
or Nepali सन्दीप
SANDIP m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil, Nepali
SANDRA f Italian, English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Czech, Romanian
Short form of ALESSANDRA
. It was introduced to the English-speaking world by author George Meredith, who used it for the heroine in his novel Emilia in England
(1864) and the reissued version Sandra Belloni
(1887). A famous bearer is the American actress Sandra Bullock (1964-).
SANELA f Croatian
Apparently derived from Latin sana
SANFORD m English
From an English surname, originally from a place name, which meant "sand ford"
in Old English.
SANG m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 常 (sang)
meaning "common, frequent, regular" or other characters that are pronounced similarly.
SANG-HUN m Korean
From Sino-Korean 尚 (sang)
meaning "still, yet" combined with 勛 (hun)
meaning "meritorious deed, rank". Other hanja characters can form this name as well.
SANGO f Popular Culture
in Japanese. This name is used in the Japanese comic book and television show InuYasha
SANI m Arabic
Means "brilliant, splendid"
SANJAY m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Odia, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil, Nepali
Modern form of SANJAYA
SANJAYA m Hinduism
Means "completely victorious, triumphant"
in Sanskrit. This is the name of a royal official in the Hindu epic the Mahabharata
SANTIAGO m Spanish, Portuguese
Means "Saint James"
, derived from Spanish santo
"saint" combined with Yago
, an old Spanish form of JAMES
, the patron saint of Spain. This is the name of the capital city of Chile, as well as several other cities in the Spanish-speaking world.
SANTO m Italian
in Italian, ultimately from Latin sanctus
SAORI f Japanese
From Japanese 沙 (sa)
meaning "sand" or 早 (sa)
meaning "already, now" combined with 織 (ori)
meaning "weaving". Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
SAPPHIRA f Biblical
From the Greek name Σαπφείρη (Sappheire)
, which was from Greek σάπφειρος (sappheiros)
or "lapis lazuli"
(ultimately derived from the Hebrew word סַפִּיר (sappir)
). Sapphira is a character in Acts in the New Testament who is killed by God for lying.
SARA f Greek, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, German, French, Dutch, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Polish, English, Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Bosnian, Biblical Greek
Form of SARAH
used in various languages.
SARAH f English, French, German, Hebrew, Arabic, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "lady, princess, noblewoman"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of Abraham
's wife, considered the matriarch of the Jewish people. She was barren until she unexpectedly became pregnant with Isaac
at the age of 90. Her name was originally Sarai
, but God changed it at the same time Abraham's name was changed (see Genesis 17:15
SARAVA m Various
From a phrase used by members of the Candomblé religion (an African religion that was taken to Brazil by African slaves), which means "good luck"
SARDAR m Persian, Urdu, Pashto
From a title meaning "chief, leader"
, derived from Persian سر (sar)
meaning "head, authority" and the suffix دار (dar)
SARGON m Akkadian (Anglicized), Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew form סַרְגּוֹן (Sargon)
of the Akkadian name Sharru-ukin
, from šarru
meaning "king" and kīnu
meaning "legitimate, true". This was the name of the first king of the Akkadian Empire, beginning in the 24th century BC. It was also borne by the 8th-century BC Assyrian king Sargon II, who appears briefly in the Old Testament. The usual English spelling of the name is based on this biblical mention, applied retroactively to the earlier king.