ABNER m English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Means "my father is a light" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Abner was a cousin of Saul
and the commander of his army. After he killed Asahel he was himself slain by Asahel's brother Joab
. It has been used as an English Christian given name since the Protestant Reformation. It was popular with the Puritans, who brought it to America in the 17th century.
AEGLE f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek Αιγλη (Aigle)
which meant "light, radiance, glory". This was the name of several characters in Greek myth, including one of the Heliades and one of the Hesperides.
APOLLO m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From Greek Απολλων (Apollon)
, which is of unknown meaning, though perhaps related to Indo-European *apelo
"strength". Another theory states that Apollo can be equated with Appaliunas, an Anatolian god whose name possibly means "father lion" or "father light". The Greeks later associated Apollo's name with the Greek verb απολλυμι (apollymi)
meaning "to destroy". In Greek mythology Apollo was the son of Zeus
and the twin of Artemis
. He was the god of prophecy, medicine, music, art, law, beauty, and wisdom. Later he also became the god of the sun and light.
ARGIDER m Basque
Derived from Basque argi
"light" and eder
BERGLJOT f Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Bergljót
, which was composed of the elements berg
"protection, help" and ljótr
BHASKARA m Hinduism
Means "shining", derived from a combination of Sanskrit भास (bhasa)
meaning "light" and कर (kara)
meaning "maker". This is another name of the sun and the Hindu god Shiva
. It was additionally borne by a 12th-century Indian astronomer, also known as Bhaskaracharya.
BURAK m Turkish
From Arabic براق (Buraq)
, the name of the legendary creature that, according to Islamic tradition, transported the Prophet Muhammad
. Its name is derived from Arabic برق (barq)
ELNUR m Azerbaijani
Means "light of the people" in Azerbaijani, ultimately derived from Turkic el
"country, society" and Arabic نور (nur)
ELOUAN m Breton, French
Possibly from a Breton word meaning "light". This name was borne by an obscure 6th-century saint who is now venerated mainly in Brittany and Cornwall.
GÜLNUR f Turkish
Means "rose light" in Turkish, ultimately from Persian گل (gol)
meaning "flower, rose" and Arabic نور (nur)
HARU m & f Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male", 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather". Other kanji or kanji combinations can form this name as well.
HARUKI m Japanese
From Japanese 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather" or 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male" combined with 輝 (ki)
meaning "brightness" or 生 (ki)
meaning "living". Other kanji combinations are possible.
HARUKO f Japanese
From Japanese 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male" combined with 子 (ko)
meaning "child", as well as other kanji combinations.
HARUTO m Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male", 遥 (haru)
meaning "distant, remote" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather" combined with 斗 (to)
, which refers to a Chinese constellation, or 翔 (to)
meaning "soar, fly". Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
HIKARI f Japanese
From Japanese 光 (hikari)
meaning "light". Other kanji can also form this name. It is often written with the hiragana writing system.
HIKARU m & f Japanese
From Japanese 光 (hikaru)
meaning "light" or 輝 (hikaru)
meaning "brightness". Other kanji can also form this name.
HINA f Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (hi)
meaning "light, sun, male" or 日 (hi)
meaning "sun, day" combined with 菜 (na)
meaning "vegetables, greens". Other kanji combinations are possible.
KEREN f Hebrew
Means "horn" or "ray of light" in Hebrew.
KOHINOOR f Various
, the name of a famous gemstone, meaning "mountain of light" in Persian.
KOUKI m Japanese
From Japanese 光 (kou)
meaning "light" or 幸 (kou)
meaning "happiness, good luck" combined with 希 (ki)
meaning "hope" or 輝 (ki)
meaning "brightness". This name can be formed from other combinations of kanji characters as well.
KREŠIMIR m Croatian
From the Slavic elements kresu
"spark, light, rouse" and miru
"peace, world". This was the name of four kings of Croatia.
LUCASTA f Literature
This name was first used by the poet Richard Lovelace for a collection of poems called 'Lucasta' (1649). The poems were dedicated to Lucasta, a nickname for the woman he loved Lucy Sacheverel, who he called lux casta
LUCIFER m Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "bringing light", derived from Latin lux
"light" and ferre
"to bring". In Latin this name originally referred to the morning star, Venus, but later became associated with the chief angel who rebelled against God's rule in heaven (see Isaiah 14:12). In later literature, such as the 'Divine Comedy' (1321) by Dante and 'Paradise Lost' (1667) by John Milton, Lucifer became associated with Satan himself.
LUCINA f Roman Mythology
Derived from Latin lucus
meaning "grove", but later associated with lux
"light". This was the name of a Roman goddess of childbirth.
LUCIUS m Ancient Roman, Biblical, English
Roman praenomen, or given name, which was derived from Latin lux
"light". This was the most popular of the praenomina. Two Etruscan kings of early Rome had this name as well as several prominent later Romans, including Lucius Annaeus Seneca (known simply as Seneca), a statesman, philosopher, orator and tragedian. The name is mentioned briefly in the New Testament belonging to a Christian in Antioch. It was also borne by three popes, including the 3rd-century Saint Lucius. Despite this, the name was not regularly used in the Christian world until after the Renaissance.
LUGUS m Celtic Mythology
Probably from early Celtic meaning "light", ultimately from the Indo-European root *leuk
"light, brightness". This was the name of a Celtic (Gaulish) god of commerce and craftsmanship, who was equated by the Romans with Mercury
. He probably forms the basis for the characters and names of Lugh
(Irish) and Lleu
LUMINIȚA f Romanian
Means "little light", derived from Romanian lumina
"light" combined with a diminutive suffix.
LUX f & m Various
Derived from Latin lux
LUZ f Spanish
Means "light" in Spanish. It is taken from the title of the Virgin Mary
, Nuestra Señora de la Luz
, meaning "Our Lady of Light".
MING m & f Chinese
From Chinese 明 (míng)
meaning "bright, light, clear" or 铭 (míng)
meaning "inscribe, engrave", as well as other characters which are pronounced similarly.
MITSUKO f Japanese
From Japanese 光 (mitsu)
meaning "light" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other kanji combinations are possible.
MYEONG m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 明 (myeong)
meaning "bright, light, clear" or other hanja characters with the same pronunciation. Although it does appear rarely as a single-character name, it is more often used in combination with another character.
MYEONG-SUK f Korean
From Sino-Korean 明 (myeong)
meaning "bright, light, clear" combined with 淑 (suk)
meaning "good, pure, virtuous, charming". Other hanja combinations are possible.
NURAY f Turkish
Means "bright moon" in Turkish, ultimately from Arabic نور (nur)
meaning "light" and Turkic ay
NURGÜL f Turkish
Means "radiant rose" in Turkish, ultimately from Arabic نور (nur)
meaning "light" and Persian گل (gol)
meaning "flower, rose".
NURISLAM m Kazakh
From Kazakh nur
meaning "light" (of Arabic origin) combined with Islam
, the name of the religion (ultimately from Arabic إسلام
ORION m Greek Mythology
Meaning unknown, but possibly related to Greek ‘οριον (horion)
"boundary, limit". Alternatively it may be derived from Akkadian Uru-anna
meaning "light of the heavens". This is the name of a constellation, which gets its name from a legendary Greek hunter killed by a scorpion sent by Gaia
PHOTINE f Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek φως (phos)
meaning "light" (genitive φωτος (photos)
). This is the name traditionally given to the Samaritan woman Jesus
met at the well (see John 4:7). She is venerated as a saint by the Eastern Church.
PRABHAKARA m Hinduism
Means "light maker", derived from Sanskrit प्रभा (prabha)
meaning "light" and कर (kara)
meaning "maker". This is a name given to the sun in Hindu texts. It was also borne by a medieval Hindu scholar.
PRAKASH m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Gujarati, Bengali, Odia, Nepali
Derived from Sanskrit प्रकाश (prakasha)
meaning "light, bright, shining".
RAY m English
Short form of RAYMOND
, often used as an independent name. It coincides with an English word meaning "beam of light". Science-fiction author Ray Bradbury (1920-2012) and musician Ray Charles (1930-2004) are two notable bearers of the name.
ROSHANARA f Persian (Archaic)
Possibly means "light of the assembly" in Persian. This was the name of a daughter of the 17th-century Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
SHRI f Hinduism
Means "diffusing light, radiance, beauty" in Sanskrit. This is another name of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi
. This word is also commonly used as a title of respect in India.
TAWNY f English (Modern)
From the English word, ultimately deriving from Old French tané
, which means "light brown".
TINATIN f Georgian, Literature
Possibly related to Georgian სინათლე (sinatle)
"light". The name was devised by the Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli for his 12th-century epic poem 'The Knight in the Panther's Skin', in which Tinatin is the ruler of Arabia and the lover of Avtandil
URIAH m Biblical
From the Hebrew name אוּרִיָה ('Uriyah)
which meant "YAHWEH
is my light". In the Old Testament this is the name of a Hittite warrior in King David
's army, the first husband of Bathsheba
. David desired Bathsheba so he placed Uriah in the forefront of battle so he would be killed.
URIEL m Biblical, Hebrew
From the Hebrew name אוּרִיאֵל ('Uri'el)
which meant "God is my light". Uriel was one of the seven archangels in Hebrew tradition. He is mentioned only in the Apocrypha, for example in the Book of Enoch where he warns Noah
of the coming flood.
YANG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 洋 (yáng)
meaning "ocean" or 阳 (yáng)
meaning "light, sun, male" (which is typically only masculine), as well as other Chinese characters pronounced similarly.
YEONG-HO m Korean
From Sino-Korean 英 (yeong)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero", 映 (yeong)
meaning "reflect light" or 泳 (yeong)
meaning "dive, swim" combined with 浩 (ho)
meaning "great, numerous, vast" or 皓 (ho)
meaning "bright, luminous, clear, hoary". Other hanja combinations are possible.
YOUKO f Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (you)
meaning "light, sun, male" or 洋 (you)
meaning "ocean" combined with 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other combinations of kanji characters are possible.
YOUTA m Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (you)
meaning "light, sun, male" and 太 (ta)
meaning "thick, big". Other character combinations are possible.
ZIYA m Arabic
Derived from Arabic ضياء (diya)
meaning "splendour, light, glow". This was the name of a 14th-century Islamic Indian historian.
ZIYA AL-DIN m Arabic
Means "splendour of religion" from Arabic ضياء (diya)
meaning "splendour, light, glow" combined with دين (din)
meaning "religion, faith".