AATTO m Finnish
Finnish form of ADOLF
. It also means "eve, evening before"
in Finnish, as the day before an important holiday.
ABITAL f Biblical
Means "my father is the night dew"
in Hebrew. She is the fifth wife of David
in the Old Testament.
AFËRDITA f Albanian
Means "daybreak, morning"
in Albanian, from afër
"nearby, close" and ditë
ALBA (1) f Italian, Spanish, Catalan
This name is derived from two distinct names, ALBA (2)
and ALBA (3)
, with distinct origins, Latin and Germanic. Over time these names have become confused with one another. To further complicate the matter, alba
means "dawn" in Italian, Spanish and Catalan. This may be the main inspiration behind its use in Italy and Spain.
ANATOLIA f Late Roman
Feminine form of ANATOLIUS
. This was the name of a 3rd-century Italian saint and martyr. This is also a place name (from the same Greek origin) referring to the large peninsula that makes up the majority of Turkey.
ARUSHI f Hinduism, Indian, Hindi
From Sanskrit अरुष (arusha)
meaning "reddish, dawn"
, a word used in the Rigveda to describe the red horses of Agni
. This name also appears in the Hindu epic the Mahabharata
belonging to a daughter of Manu
and the wife of Chyavana, though in this case it might derive from Sanskrit आरुषी (arushi)
meaning "hitting, killing"
ASRA f Arabic
Means "travel at night"
in Arabic. It is related to Isra
AYELET f Hebrew
Means "doe, female deer, gazelle"
. It is taken from the Hebrew phrase אַיֶלֶת הַשַׁחַר ('ayelet hashachar)
, literally "gazelle of dawn", which is a name of the morning star.
DAGRUN f Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Dagrún
, which was derived from the Old Norse elements dagr
"day" and rún
DAWN f English
From the English word dawn
, ultimately derived from Old English dagung
EOS f Greek Mythology
in Greek. This was the name of the Greek goddess of the dawn.
ESTELLE f English, French
From an Old French name meaning "star"
, ultimately derived from Latin stella
. It was rare in the English-speaking world in the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century, perhaps due to the character Estella Havisham in Charles Dickens' novel Great Expectations
EVE f English, Biblical
From the Hebrew name חַוָּה (Chawwah)
, which was derived from the Hebrew word חָוָה (chawah)
meaning "to breathe"
or the related word חָיָה (chayah)
meaning "to live"
. According to the Old Testament Book of Genesis, Eve and Adam
were the first humans. God created her from one of Adam's ribs to be his companion. At the urging of a serpent she ate the forbidden fruit and shared some with Adam, causing their expulsion from the Garden of Eden
HAJNA f Hungarian
Shortened form of HAJNAL
. The Hungarian poet Mihály Vörösmarty used it in his epic poem Zalán Futása
HEMERA f Greek Mythology
in Greek. This was the name of the Greek goddess who personified the daytime. According to Hesiod she was the daughter of Nyx
, the personification of the night.
HESPEROS m Ancient Greek
in Greek. This was the name of the personification of the Evening Star (the planet Venus) in Greek mythology.
ISRA f Arabic
Means "nocturnal journey"
, derived from Arabic سرى (sara)
meaning "to travel at night".
LAYLA f Arabic, English
in Arabic. Layla was the love interest of the poet Qays
(called Majnun) in an old Arab tale, notably retold by the 12th-century Persian poet Nizami Ganjavi in his poem Layla and Majnun
. This story was a popular romance in medieval Arabia and Persia. The name became used in the English-speaking world after the 1970 release of the song Layla
by Derek and the Dominos, the title of which was inspired by the medieval story.
LI (1) f & m Chinese
From Chinese 理 (lǐ)
meaning "reason, logic", 立 (lì)
meaning "stand, establish", 黎 (lí)
meaning "black, dawn", 力 (lì)
meaning "power, capability, influence" (which is usually only masculine) or 丽 (lì)
meaning "beautiful" (usually only feminine). Other Chinese characters are also possible.
LINDITA f Albanian
Means "the day is born"
in Albanian, from lind
"to give birth" and ditë
MIYAKO f Japanese
From Japanese 美 (mi)
meaning "beautiful", 夜 (ya)
meaning "night" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child". This name can be formed from other combinations of kanji as well.
MIYU f Japanese
From Japanese 美 (mi)
meaning "beautiful" or 実 (mi)
meaning "fruit, good result, truth" combined with 優 (yu)
meaning "excellence, superiority, gentleness" or 結 (yu)
meaning "tie, bind" or 夕 (yu)
meaning "evening". Other kanji combinations are possible.
NYX f Greek Mythology
in Greek. This was the name of the Greek goddess of the night, the daughter of Khaos and the wife of Erebos.
ORPHEUS m Greek Mythology
Perhaps related to Greek ορφνη (orphne)
meaning "the darkness of night"
. In Greek mythology Orpheus was a poet and musician who went to the underworld to retrieve his dead wife Eurydice. He succeeded in charming Hades with his lyre, and he was allowed to lead his wife out of the underworld on the condition that he not look back at her until they reached the surface. Unfortunately, just before they arrived his love for her overcame his will and he glanced back at her, causing her to be drawn back to Hades.
RATREE f Thai
From the name of a variety of jasmine flower, the night jasmine, ultimately from a poetic word meaning "night".
ROXANA f English, Spanish, Romanian, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latin form of Ρωξανη (Roxane)
, the Greek form of the Persian or Bactrian name روشنک (Roshanak)
, which meant "bright"
. This was the name of Alexander the Great's first wife, a daughter of the Bactrian nobleman Oxyartes. In the modern era it came into use during the 17th century. In the English-speaking world it was popularized by Daniel Defoe, who used it in his novel Roxana
SUMMANUS m Roman Mythology
Means "before the morning"
, derived from Latin sub
"under, before" and mane
"morning". Summanus was the Roman god of the night sky and night lightning, a nocturnal counterpart to Jupiter
USHAS f Hinduism
in Sanskrit. This is the name of the Hindu goddess of the dawn, considered the daughter of heaven.
ZERAH m Biblical
Means "dawning, shining"
in Hebrew. This is the name of a son of Judah
and the twin of Perez
in the Old Testament.
ZORAIDA f Spanish
Perhaps means "enchanting"
in Arabic. This was the name of a minor 12th-century Spanish saint, a convert from Islam. The name was used by Cervantes for a character in his novel Don Quixote
(1606), in which Zoraida is a beautiful Moorish woman of Algiers who converts to Christianity and elopes with a Spanish officer.