Ancient Names

These names were used in various ancient regions.
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IANUARIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Ancient Roman form of JANUARIUS.
IDA   f   English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic element id meaning "work, labour". The Normans brought this name to England, though it eventually died out there in the Middle Ages. It was strongly revived in the 19th century, in part due to the heroine in Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem 'The Princess' (1847), which was later adapted into the play 'Princess Ida' (1884) by Gilbert and Sullivan.... [more]
IMA   f   Dutch, Ancient Germanic
Variant of EMMA.
IMHOTEP   m   Ancient Egyptian
Means "he comes in peace" in Egyptian. This was the name of the architect, priest, physician and chief minister to the pharaoh Djoser. Imhotep apparently designed the step pyramid at Saqqara, near Memphis.
INGEBURG   f   German, Ancient Germanic
German form of INGEBORG.
INGI   m   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of INGE.
INGIBJÖRG   f   Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse and Icelandic form of INGEBORG.
INGIGERÐR   f   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of INGEGERD.
INGIMÁRR   m   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of INGEMAR.
INGO   m   German, Ancient Germanic
German masculine form of INGE.
INGÓLFR   m   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of INGOLF.
INGOMAR   m   German, Ancient Germanic
German form of INGEMAR.
INGRÍÐR   f   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of INGRID.
INGULF   m   Ancient Germanic
Germanic cognate of INGÓLFR.
IODOCUS   m   Ancient Celtic (Latinized)
Latinized form of Judoc (see JOYCE).
IOVIANUS   m   Ancient Roman
Older form of JOVIAN.
IOVITA   m & f   Ancient Roman
Latin masculine and feminine form of JOVITA.
IRENAEUS   m   Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ειρηναιος (Eirenaios) which meant "peaceful". Saint Irenaeus was an early bishop of Lyons for whom the Greek island of Santorini is named.
IRENE   f   English, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, German, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From Greek Ειρηνη (Eirene), derived from a word meaning "peace". This was the name of the Greek goddess who personified peace, one of the ‘Ωραι (Horai). It was also borne by several early Christian saints. The name was common in the Byzantine Empire, notably being borne by an 8th-century empress, who was the first woman to lead the empire. She originally served as regent for her son, but later had him killed and ruled alone.... [more]
IRMA   f   German, English, Dutch, Finnish, Spanish, Italian, Georgian, Lithuanian, Hungarian (Rare), Ancient Germanic
German short form of names beginning with the Germanic element ermen, which meant "whole, universal". It is thus related to EMMA. It began to be regularly used in the English-speaking world in the 19th century.
ISA (3)   m   Frisian, Ancient Germanic
Short form of Germanic names beginning with the element is "ice, iron".
ISBRAND   m   Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of IJSBRAND.
ISHILD   f   Ancient Germanic (Hypothetical)
Germanic name, a hypothetical early form of ISOLDE.
ISIDORA   f   Serbian, Macedonian, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian (Rare), Italian (Rare), English (Rare), Ancient Greek
Feminine form of ISIDORE. This was the name of a 4th-century Egyptian saint and hermitess.
ISIDOROS   m   Ancient Greek
Original Greek form of ISIDORE.
ISOCRATES   m   Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ισοκρατης (Isokrates) which meant "equal power", derived from ισος (isos) "equal" and κρατος (kratos) "power". This was the name of a 4th-century BC Athenian orator.
ISOKRATES   m   Ancient Greek
Greek form of ISOCRATES.
IÐUNN   f   Norse Mythology, Ancient Scandinavian
Probably derived from Old Norse "again" and unna "to love". In Norse mythology Iðunn was the goddess of spring and immortality whose responsibility it was to guard the gods' apples of youth.
IUDICAEL   m   Ancient Celtic
Old Breton form of JUDICAËL.
IUDOCUS   m   Ancient Celtic (Latinized)
Latinized form of Judoc (see JOYCE).
IULIA   f   Romanian, Ancient Roman
Ancient Roman and Romanian form of JULIA.
IULIANA   f   Romanian, Ancient Roman
Ancient Roman and Romanian form of JULIANA.
IULIANUS   m   Ancient Roman
Ancient Roman form of JULIAN.
IULIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Ancient Roman form of JULIUS.
IUNIA   f   Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin
Latin form of JUNIA.
IUNIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Latin form of JUNIUS.
IUVENALIS   m   Ancient Roman
Latin form of JUVENAL.
ÍVARR   m   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of IVOR.
IVO (1)   m   German, Dutch, Italian, Portuguese, Czech, Ancient Germanic
Germanic name, originally a short form of names beginning with the Germanic element iv meaning "yew". Alternative theories suggest that it may in fact be derived from a cognate Celtic element. This was the name of several saints (who are also commonly known as Saint Yves or Ives).
JANUARIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen meaning "January" in Latin. The name of the month derives from the name of the Roman god Janus. Saint Januarius, the patron saint of Naples, was a bishop who was beheaded during the persecutions of emperor Diocletian in the 4th century.
JARL   m   Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Norse Mythology, Ancient Scandinavian
Means "chieftain, nobleman, earl" in Old Norse. In Norse legend Jarl was the son of the god Ríg and the founder of the race of warriors.
JAYADEVA   m   Sanskrit
Means "divine victory" from Sanskrit जय (jaya) meaning "victory" and देव (deva) meaning "god". This was the name of a 13th-century Indian poet.
JODOCUS   m   Dutch (Archaic), Ancient Celtic (Latinized)
Latinized form of Judoc (see JOYCE).
JORDANES   m   Ancient Germanic
Germanic name, probably related to the Norse element jord meaning "land". This name was borne by a 6th-century Roman author of Gothic background, who wrote a history of the Goths. It is possible that the spelling of his name was influenced by that of the Jordan River.
JÓRUNNR   f   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of JORUNN.
JOVIAN   m   Ancient Roman (Anglicized)
From Latin Iovianus, a Roman cognomen which was a derivative of Iovis (see JOVE). This was the name of a 4th-century Roman emperor.
JUDDA   f   Ancient Germanic
Probably derived from the name of the Germanic tribe the Jutes, who originated in Denmark and later invaded and settled in England. The name of the tribe, recorded in Latin as Iutae and Old English as Eotas, is of uncertain origin.
JUDOC   m   Breton, Ancient Celtic
Breton form of JOYCE.
JUDOCUS   m   Dutch (Archaic), Ancient Celtic (Latinized)
Latinized form of Judoc (see JOYCE).
JULIA   f   English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Spanish, Polish, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian, Ancient Roman, Biblical
Feminine form of the Roman family name JULIUS. Among the notable women from this family were Julia Augusta (also known as Livia Drusilla), the wife of Emperor Augustus, and Julia the Elder, the daughter of Augustus and the wife of Tiberius. A person by this name has a brief mention in the New Testament. It was also borne by a few early saints and martyrs, including the patron saint of Corsica. Additionally, Shakespeare used it in his comedy 'The Two Gentlemen of Verona' (1594).... [more]
JULIANA   f   Dutch, German, English, Spanish, Portuguese, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Iulianus (see JULIAN). This was the name of a 4th-century saint and martyr from Nicomedia, and also of the Blessed Juliana of Norwich, also called Julian, a 14th-century mystic and author. The name was also borne by a 20th-century queen of the Netherlands. In England, this form has been in use since the 18th century, alongside the older form Gillian.
JULIUS   m   Ancient Roman, English, German
From a Roman family name which was possibly derived from Greek ιουλος (ioulos) "downy-bearded". Alternatively, it could be related to the name of the Roman god JUPITER. This was a prominent patrician family of Rome, who claimed descent from the mythological Julus, son of Aeneas. Its most notable member was Gaius Julius Caesar, who gained renown as a military leader for his clever conquest of Gaul. After a civil war he became the dictator of the Roman Republic, but was eventually stabbed to death in the senate.... [more]
JUNIA   f   Biblical, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of JUNIUS. This was the name of an early Christian mentioned in the New Testament (there is some debate about whether the name belongs to a man or a woman).
JUNIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was possibly derived from the name of the Roman goddess JUNO. It was borne by Lucius Junius Brutus, the founder of the Roman Republic in the 6th century BC. It was also borne by the 1st-century BC Roman politician Marcus Junius Brutus, commonly known as Brutus, who was one of the assassins of Julius Caesar.
KALIDASA   m   Sanskrit
Means "servant of Kali" from the name of the Hindu goddess KALI combined with Sanskrit दास (dasa) meaning "servant". This was the name of a 4th-century Indian poet and dramatist, the author of the 'Abhijnanashakuntalam'.
KALLIAS   m   Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek καλλος (kallos) meaning "beauty". This was the name of an Athenian who fought at Marathon who later became an ambassador to the Persians.
KALLIKRATES   m   Ancient Greek
Means "beautiful power", derived from the Greek elements καλλος (kallos) "beauty" and κρατος (kratos) "power".
KALLISTO   f   Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek καλλιστος (kallistos) meaning "most beautiful", a derivative of καλος (kalos) "beautiful". In Greek mythology Kallisto was a nymph who was loved by Zeus. She was changed into a she-bear by Hera, and subsequently became the Great Bear constellation. This was also an ancient Greek personal name.
KALLISTOS   m   Ancient Greek
Greek form of CALLISTUS.
KALLISTRATE   f   Ancient Greek
Means "beautiful army" from the Greek elements καλλος (kallos) "beauty" and στρατος (stratos) "army".
KAMBUJIYA   m   Ancient Persian
Old Persian form of CAMBYSES.
KÁRI   m   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of KÅRE.
KARL   m   German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, Finnish, Ancient Germanic
German and Scandinavian form of CHARLES. This was the name of seven emperors of the Holy Roman Empire and an emperor of Austria, as well as kings of Sweden and Norway. Other famous bearers include Karl Marx (1818-1883), the German philosopher and revolutionary who laid the foundations for communism, and Karl Jaspers (1883-1969), a German existentialist philosopher.
KARPOS   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Original Greek form of CARPUS.
KASSANDRA   f   Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek, English (Modern)
Greek form of CASSANDRA, as well as a modern English variant.
KASSANDROS   m   Ancient Greek
Greek form of CASSANDER.
KETILL   m   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of KETIL.
KETILRIÐR   f   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of KJELLFRID.
KHSHAYARSHA   m   Ancient Persian
Persian form of XERXES.
KLEISTHENES   m   Ancient Greek
Original Greek form of CLEISTHENES.
KLEITOS   m   Ancient Greek
Means "splendid, famous" in Greek. This was the name of one of the generals of Alexander the Great.
KLEON   m   Ancient Greek
Greek form of CLEON.
KLEOPATRA   f   Ancient Greek
Greek form of CLEOPATRA.
KLEOPATROS   m   Ancient Greek
Greek masculine form of CLEOPATRA.
KNÚTR   m   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of KNUT.
KÓRI   m   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse name of unknown meaning.
KORINNA   f   Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of CORINNA.
KOSMAS   m   Ancient Greek
Greek form of COSMAS.
KUNALA   m   Sanskrit
Means "lotus" in Sanskrit. This was the name of a son of the 3rd-century BC Indian emperor Ashoka.
KUNIBERT   m   German, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements kuni "clan, family" and beraht "bright".
KUNO   m   German, Ancient Germanic
Derived from Germanic kuni meaning "clan, family".
KURUSH   m   Ancient Persian
Old Persian form of CYRUS.
KYRIAKOS   m   Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of CYRIACUS.
KYRILLOS   m   Ancient Greek
Greek form of CYRIL.
KYROS   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of CYRUS.
LAELIA   f   Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Laelius, a Roman family name of unknown meaning. This is also the name of a type of flower, an orchid found in Mexico and Central America.
LAELIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Masculine form of LAELIA.
LAMBERT   m   German, Dutch, French, English, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements land "land" and beraht "bright". Saint Lambert of Maastricht was a 7th-century bishop who was martyred after denouncing Pepin II for adultery.
LANDEBERT   m   Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of LAMBERT.
LANZO   m   German, Ancient Germanic
German form of LANCE.
LAURENTIA   f   Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Laurentius (see LAURENCE (1)).
LAURENTINA   f   Ancient Roman
Feminine form of LAURENTINUS.
LAURENTINUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen which was a derivative of Laurentius (see LAURENCE (1)). Saint Laurentinus was a 3rd-century martyr from Carthage.
LAURENTIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Ancient Roman form of LAURENCE (1).
LEIFR   m   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of LEIF.
LEOBWIN   m   Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements leub "dear, beloved" and win "friend", making it a cognate of LEOFWINE.
LEOFDÆG   m   Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English element leof "dear, agreeable, beloved" combined with dæg "day".
LEOFFLÆD   f   Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements leof "dear, agreeable, beloved" and flæd "beauty".
LEOFRIC   m   Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English element leof "dear, agreeable, beloved" combined with ric "power".
LEOFSIGE   m   Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements leof "dear, agreeable, beloved" and sige "victory".
LEOFSTAN   m   Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English element leof "dear, agreeable, beloved" combined with stan "stone".
LEOFWINE   m   Anglo-Saxon
Means "dear friend", derived from the Old English elements leof "dear, agreeable, beloved" and wine "friend". This was the name of an 8th-century English saint, also known as Lebuin, who did missionary work in Frisia.
LEON   m   English, German, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Dutch, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek λεων (leon) meaning "lion". During the Christian era this Greek name was merged with the Latin cognate Leo, with the result that the two forms are used somewhat interchangeably across European languages. In England during the Middle Ages this was a common name among Jews. A famous bearer was Leon Trotsky (1879-1940), a Russian Communist revolutionary.
LEONARD   m   English, Dutch, German, Ancient Germanic
Means "brave lion", derived from the Germanic elements levon "lion" and hard "brave, hardy". This was the name of a 5th-century Frankish saint from Noblac who is the patron of prisoners and horses. The Normans brought this name to England, though it did not become common there until the 19th century.
LEONIDAS   m   Greek, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek λεων (leon) meaning "lion" combined with the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides). Leonidas was a Spartan king of the 5th century BC who sacrificed his life and his army defending the pass of Thermopylae from the Persians. This was also the name of a 3rd-century saint and martyr, the father of Origen, from Alexandria.
LEONTIOS   m   Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek λεων (leon) meaning "lion". This was the name of various early saints and martyrs. It was also borne by a 7th-century Byzantine emperor.
LEONTIUS   m   Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of LEONTIOS.
LEUDAGAR   m   Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of LUITGER.
LEUDBALD   m   Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of LEOPOLD.
LEUDOBERCT   m   Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of LUBBERT.
LEUTGARD   f   Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of LUITGARD.
LEUTHAR   m   Ancient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements leud "people" and hari "army".
LEUTWIN   m   Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements leud "people" and win "friend". Saint Leutwin was an 8th-century bishop of Trier.
LIGEIA   f   Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek λιγυς (ligys) meaning "clear-voiced, shrill, whistling". This was the name of one of the Sirens in Greek legend. It was also used by Edgar Allan Poe in his story 'Ligeia' (1838).
LINDA   f   English, Dutch, German, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, French, Latvian, Finnish, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, Ancient Germanic
Originally a medieval short form of Germanic names containing the element linde meaning "soft, tender". It also coincides with the Spanish and Portuguese word linda meaning "beautiful".
LINOS   m   Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Greek form of LINUS.
LINUS   m   Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized), German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From the Greek name Λινος (Linos) meaning "flax". In Greek legend he was the son of the god Apollo, who accidentally killed him in a contest. Another son of Apollo by this name was the music teacher of Herakles. The name was also borne by the second pope, serving after Saint Peter in the 1st century. In modern times it was the name of a character in Charles Schulz's comic strip 'Peanuts'.
LINZA   f   Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of LINDA.
LIUPOLD   m   Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of LEOPOLD.
LIVIA (1)   f   Italian, Romanian, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of LIVIUS. This was the name of the wife of the Roman emperor Augustus.
LIVIANA   f   Italian, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of the Roman family name Livianus, which was itself derived from the family name LIVIUS.
LIVIANUS   m   Ancient Roman
Latin masculine form of LIVIANA.
LIVIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman family name which may be related to either Latin liveo "to envy" or lividus "blue, envious". Titus Livius, also known as Livy, was a Roman historian who wrote a history of the city of Rome.
LÓEGAIRE   m   Irish Mythology, Ancient Irish
Means "calf herder", derived from Irish loagh "calf". In Irish mythology Lóegaire Búadach was an Ulster warrior. He saved the life of the poet Áed, but died in the process. This was also the name of several Irish high kings.
LONGINA   f   Polish, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of LONGINUS.
LONGINUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen derived from Latin longus "long". According to Christian legend Saint Longinus was the name of the Roman soldier who pierced Jesus' side with a spear, then converted to Christianity and was martyred. The name was also borne by the 3rd-century Greek philosopher Cassius Longinus.
LOTHAR   m   German, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Chlodochar meaning "famous army", derived from the elements hlud "famous" and hari "army". This was the name of a 9th-century Frankish king, the son of Louis I, who ruled the region called Lorraine. It was also borne by medieval kings of France, Italy and the Holy Roman Empire.
LOUKIANOS   m   Ancient Greek
Greek form of LUCIANUS.
LUCANUS   m   Ancient Roman
Latin form of LUCAN.
LUCIA   f   Italian, German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Romanian, Slovak, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of LUCIUS. Saint Lucia was a 4th-century martyr from Syracuse. She was said to have had her eyes gouged out, and thus she is the patron saint of the blind. She was widely revered in the Middle Ages, and her name has been used throughout Christian Europe (in various spellings). It has been used in the England since the 12th century, usually in the spellings Lucy or Luce.
LUCIANUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was derived from the Roman praenomen LUCIUS. Lucianus (or Λουκιανος in his native Greek) of Samosata was a 2nd-century satirist and author. This name was also borne by a 4th-century saint and martyr from Antioch.
LUCILIA   f   Ancient Roman
Feminine form of LUCILIUS.
LUCILIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was a derivative of the given name LUCIUS. This was the family name of the 2nd-century BC Roman satirist Gaius Lucilius.
LUCILLA   f   Italian, Ancient Roman
Latin diminutive of LUCIA. This was the name of a 3rd-century saint martyred in Rome.
LUCIUS   m   Ancient Roman, Biblical, English
Roman praenomen, or given name, which was derived from Latin lux "light". This was the most popular of the praenomina. Two Etruscan kings of early Rome had this name as well as several prominent later Romans, including Lucius Annaeus Seneca (known simply as Seneca), a statesman, philosopher, orator and tragedian. The name is mentioned briefly in the New Testament belonging to a Christian in Antioch. It was also borne by three popes, including the 3rd-century Saint Lucius. Despite this, the name was not regularly used in the Christian world until after the Renaissance.
LUCRETIA   f   Ancient Roman, Roman Mythology
Feminine form of the Roman family name Lucretius, possibly from Latin lucrum "profit, wealth". In Roman legend Lucretia was a maiden who was raped by the son of the king of Rome. This caused a great uproar among the Roman citizens, and the monarchy was overthrown. This name was also borne by a saint and martyr from Spain.
LUCRETIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Masculine form of LUCRETIA. This name was borne by 1st-century BC Roman poet Titus Lucretius Carus.
LUDOLF   m   German, Dutch, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Hludwolf which was composed of the elements hlud "famous" and wolf "wolf".
LUDOVICUS   m   Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized form of Chlodovech (see LUDWIG).
LUGUBELENUS   m   Ancient Celtic
Older form (possibly) of LLYWELYN.
LUIGSECH   f   Ancient Irish
Derived from the name of the Irish god LUGH.
LUITGARD   f   German, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Leutgard which was derived from the elements leud "people" and gard "enclosure". This was the name of a 13th-century Flemish nun, the patron saint of easy deliveries.
LUTGARDIS   f   Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Germanic name LUITGARD.
LYCURGUS   m   Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Λυκουργος (Lykourgos), derived from λυκος (lykos) "wolf" (genitive λυκου) and εργον (ergon) "work, deed". In Greek legend this was the name of a king who was driven mad by the gods because of his impiety. This was also the name of a Spartan legislator of the 9th century BC.
LYCUS   m   Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Λυκος (Lykos) meaning "wolf". This name was borne by several characters in Greek mythology including a legendary ruler of Thebes.
LYKOS   m   Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Greek form of LYCUS.
LYSANDER   m   Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Λυσανδρος (Lysandros), derived from Greek λυσις (lysis) meaning "a release" and ανηρ (aner) meaning "man" (genitive ανδρος). This was the name of a notable 5th-century BC Spartan general and naval commander.
LYSANDRA   f   Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Lysandros (see LYSANDER).
LYSANDROS   m   Ancient Greek
Greek form of LYSANDER.
LYSIMACHOS   m   Ancient Greek
Greek form of LYSIMACHUS.
LYSIMACHUS   m   Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Λυσιμαχος (Lysimachos), derived from λυσις (lysis) "a release, loosening" and μαχη (mache) "battle". This was the name of one of the generals under Alexander the Great. After Alexander's death Lysimachus took control of Thrace.
LYSISTRATE   f   Ancient Greek
Derived from λυσις (lysis) "a release, loosening" and στρατος (stratos) "army".
MADHAVA   m   Sanskrit, Hinduism
Means "vernal, of the springtime" in Sanskrit. This is an epithet of several Hindu gods. It was also the name of a 14th-century Hindu scholar.
MÁEDÓC   m   Ancient Irish
Meaning unknown. Saint Máedóc (also known as Áedán) of Ferns was a 7th-century Irish bishop.
MÁEL MÁEDÓC   m   Ancient Irish
Means "disciple of Saint MÁEDÓC" in Irish. Saint Máel Máedóc (also known as Malachy) was a 12th-century archbishop of Armagh.
MÁEL SECHNAILL   m   Ancient Irish
Means "disciple of Saint SEACHNALL" in Irish. This was the name of two Irish high kings: Máel Sechnaill mac Máele Ruanaid who ruled all of Ireland in the 9th century; and Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill (called Malachy) who defeated the Norse of Dublin in the 10th century.
MAGNHILDR   f   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of MAGNHILD.
MAGNI   m   Ancient Scandinavian, Norse Mythology
Derived from the Old Norse element magn meaning "mighty, strong". In Norse mythology this name is borne by a son of Thor and the giant Járnsaxa.
MAHAVIRA   m   Sanskrit
Means "great hero" from Sanskrit महा (maha) meaning "great" and वीर (vira) meaning "hero, man". This was the name of the 6th-century BC founder of Jainism.
MAHENDRA   m   Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit महा (maha) meaning "great" combined with the name of the Hindu god INDRA. This was the name of a son of the 3rd-century BC Indian emperor Ashoka. He is credited with introducing Buddhism to Sri Lanka.
MAHTHILDIS   f   Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of MATILDA.
MANIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, which was possibly derived from Old Latin manus "good".
MANLIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was possibly derived from Latin mane "morning". Marcus Manlius Capitolinus was a Roman consul who saved Rome from the Gauls in the 4th century BC.
MANNO   m   Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element man meaning "man".
MARCELLA   f   Italian, German, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of MARCELLUS.
MARCELLINA   f   Ancient Roman
Feminine form of MARCELLINUS.
MARCELLINUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was derived from MARCELLUS. Saint Marcellinus was a pope of the early 4th century who was supposedly martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian.
MARCELLUS   m   Ancient Roman, German, Dutch
Roman family name which was originally a diminutive of MARCUS. This was the name of two popes.
MARCIA   f   English, Spanish, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of MARCIUS. It was borne by a few very minor saints. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the 18th century.
MARCIANUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was a derivative of the praenomen MARCUS. This was the name of a 5th-century Eastern Roman emperor. It was also borne by a 2nd-century saint: a bishop of Tortona, Italy.
MARCIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was a derivative of the praenomen MARCUS. This was the name of an early, possibly legendary, king of Rome.
MARCUS   m   Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Roman praenomen, or given name, which was probably derived from the name of the Roman god MARS. This was among the most popular of the Roman praenomina. Famous bearers include Marcus Tullius Cicero (known simply as Cicero), a 1st-century BC statesman and orator, Marcus Antonius (known as Mark Antony), a 1st-century BC politician, and Marcus Aurelius, a notable 2nd-century emperor. This was also the name of a pope of the 4th century. This spelling has occasionally been used in the English-speaking world, though the traditional English form Mark has been more common.
MARIANA   f   Portuguese, Spanish, Romanian, Czech, Ancient Roman
Roman feminine form of MARIANUS. After the classical era it was frequently interpreted as a combination of MARIA and ANA. In Portuguese it is further used as a form of MARIAMNE.
MARIANUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman family name, which was itself derived from the Roman name MARIUS. This was the name of an early saint.
MARINUS   m   Ancient Roman, Dutch
From the Roman family name Marinus, which derives either from the name MARIUS or from the Latin word marinus "of the sea".
MARIUS   m   Ancient Roman, Romanian, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, French
Roman family name which was derived either from MARS, the name of the Roman god of War, or else from the Latin root mas, maris meaning "male". Gaius Marius was a famous Roman consul of the 2nd century BC. Since the start of the Christian era, it has occasionally been used as a masculine form of MARIA.
MARKOS   m   Greek, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Marcus (see MARK).
MARTIALIS   m   Ancient Roman
Original Latin form of MARTIAL.
MARTINA   f   German, Italian, Spanish, Catalan, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovene, English, Swedish, Dutch, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Martinus (see MARTIN). Saint Martina was a 3rd-century martyr who is one of the patron saints of Rome.
MARTINUS   m   Ancient Roman, Dutch
Original Latin form of MARTIN. This is also the official Dutch form of the name, used on birth certificates but commonly rendered Maarten or Marten in daily life.
MATHGHAMHAIN   m   Ancient Irish
Means "bear" in Irish Gaelic. This was the name of a brother of the Irish king Brian Boru.
MAXENTIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Latin form of MAXENCE.
MAXIMA   f   Ancient Roman
Feminine form of MAXIMUS.
MAXIMIANUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen which was derived from MAXIMUS.
MAXIMILIANA   f   Ancient Roman
Feminine form of MAXIMILIANUS.
MAXIMILIANUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman form of MAXIMILIAN.
MAXIMINUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen which was derived from MAXIMUS. Saint Maximinus was a 4th-century bishop of Trier.
MAXIMUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was derived from Latin maximus "greatest". Saint Maximus was a monk and theologian from Constantinople in the 7th century.
MEGINFRID   m   Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of MANFRED.
MEGINHARD   m   Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements magan "strength" and hard "brave, hardy".
MEGINRAT   m   Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of MEINRAD.
MEINO   m   German, Dutch, Ancient Germanic
Variant of MEINE.
MEINRAD   m   German, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements magan "mighty, strong" and rad "counsel". Saint Meinrad was a 9th-century hermit who founded the Benedictine abbey at Einsiedeln in Switzerland.
MELANTHIOS   m   Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μελας (melas) "black, dark" and ανθος (anthos) "flower". In Homer's epic the 'Odyssey' this is the name of an insolent goatherd killed by Odysseus.
MELISSA   f   English, Dutch, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Means "bee" in Greek. This was the name of a nymph that cared for young Zeus in Greek mythology. It is also the name of the fairy who helps Rogero escape from the witch Alcina in Ludovico Ariosto's poem 'Orlando Furioso' (1516). As an English given name, Melissa has been used since the 18th century.
MELITON   m   Ancient Greek, Georgian
Derived from Greek μελι (meli) meaning "honey" (genitive μελιτος). This was the name of a 2nd-century bishop of Sardis who is regarded as a saint in the Orthodox Church.
MELITTA   f   Ancient Greek, German
Ancient Attic Greek variant of MELISSA.
MENES   m   Ancient Egyptian
Meaning unknown. Menes was an Egyptian king who united Upper and Lower Egypt around 3000 BC. He is also known as Narmer; Menes was probably his funeral name.
MENODORA   f   Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μηνη (mene) "moon" and δωρον (doron) "gift". This was the name of a 4th-century saint who was martyred with her sisters Metrodora and Nymphodora.
METHODIOS   m   Ancient Greek
Greek form of METHODIUS.
METHODIUS   m   Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Μεθοδιος (Methodios), derived from Greek μεθοδος (methodos) meaning "pursuit" or "method", ultimately from μετα (meta) "with" and ‘οδος (hodos) "road". Saint Methodius was a Greek missionary to the Slavs who developed the Cyrillic alphabet (with his brother Cyril) in order to translate the Bible into Slavic.
METRODORA   f   Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μητηρ (meter) "mother" (genitive μητρος) and δωρον (doron) "gift". This was the name of a 4th-century saint and martyr who was killed with her sisters Menodora and Nymphodora.
METROPHANES   m   Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μητηρ (meter) "mother" (genitive μητρος) and φανης (phanes) "appearing". Saint Metrophanes was the first bishop of Byzantium (4th century).
MILDBURG   f   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of MILBURGA.
MILDGYÐ   f   Anglo-Saxon
Old English name derived from the elements milde "gentle" and gyð "battle". This was the name of a 7th-century saint, the sister of Saint Mildred.
MILDÞRYÐ   f   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of MILDRED.
MILO   m   English, Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of MILES, as well as the Latinized form. This form of the name was used in official documents during the Middle Ages, and it has been used independently since the 19th century.
MILTIADES   m   Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μιλτος (miltos) meaning "red earth" and the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides). This was the name of the general who led the Greek forces to victory against the Persians in the Battle of Marathon.
MITHRADATHA   m   Ancient Persian
Old Persian form of MITHRIDATES.
MITHRIDATES   m   Ancient Persian (Hellenized)
Greek form of the Old Persian name Mithradatha meaning "gift of MITHRA". This was the name (in Greek) of several Parthian kings.
MNASON   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Possibly means "reminding" in Greek. In Acts in the New Testament Paul stays in Jerusalem with a man named Mnason, a Jew who was originally from Cyprus.
MOCHÁN   m   Ancient Irish
Derived from Irish moch "early" combined with a diminutive suffix.
MORCANT   m   Ancient Celtic
Old Welsh form of MORGAN (1).
MYRGJÖL   f   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of MUIRGEL.
MYRON   m   English, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μυρον (myron) meaning "sweet oil, perfume". Myron was the name of a 5th-century BC Greek sculptor. Saints bearing this name include a 3rd-century bishop of Crete and a 4th-century martyr from Cyzicus who was killed by a mob. These saints are more widely revered in the Eastern Church, and the name has generally been more common among Eastern Christians. As an English name, it has been used since the 19th century.
MYRRINE   f   Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μυρρα (myrrha) meaning "myrrh".
NAEVIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Latin form of NEVIO.
NARSEH   m   Ancient Persian
Persian form of NAIRYOSANGHA.
NARSES   m   Ancient Persian (Hellenized)
Hellenized form of the Persian name Narseh, which was derived from Avestan NAIRYOSANGHA. This name was borne by a Byzantine general of Armenian descent who helped restore Italy to the Roman Empire during the reign of Justinian I in the 6th century.
NEBUCHADNEZZAR   m   Ancient Near Eastern (Anglicized), Biblical
From the Akkadian name Nabu-kudurri-usur meaning "NABU preserve my firstborn son". This name was borne by a 12th-century BC king of the Babylonian Empire. It was also borne by a 6th-century BC king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire. He captured Jerusalem, and ultimately destroyed the city's temple and deported many of its citizens, as told in the Old Testament.
NECHTAN   m   Irish Mythology, Ancient Celtic
Celtic name of uncertain meaning, possibly meaning "damp" (cognate with NEPTUNE). In Irish mythology Nechtan was the husband of Boand, the goddess of the River Boyne. This name was also borne by the 5th-century Saint Nectan of Hartland in Devon, who was supposedly born in Ireland. It was also the name of several kings of the Picts.
NEFERTARI   f   Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian Nfrt-jrj meaning "the most beautiful". This was the name of an Egyptian queen of the New Kingdom, the favourite wife of Rameses II.
NEFERTITI   f   Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian Nfrt-jytj meaning "the beautiful one has come". Nefertiti was a powerful Egyptian queen of the New Kingdom, the principal wife of Akhenaton, the pharaoh that briefly imposed a monotheistic religion centered around the sun god Aton.
NEOPHYTOS   m   Ancient Greek
Greek name meaning "newly planted", from a word which was derived from νεος (neos) "new" and φυτον (phyton) "plant".
NEREUS   m   Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Derived from Greek νηρος (neros) meaning "water". In Greek myth this was the name of a god of the sea, the father of the Nereids. It is mentioned briefly in the New Testament, belonging to a Christian in Rome. This was also the name of a Roman saint of the 1st century, a member of the army, who was martyred with his companion Achilleus because they refused to execute Christians.
NERO (1)   m   Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen, which was probably of Sabine origin meaning "strong, vigourous". It was borne most infamously by a tyrannical Roman emperor of the 1st century.
NERVA   m   Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen derived from Latin nervus "strength". This is the name by which the 1st-century Roman emperor Marcus Cocceius Nerva is commonly known.
NICANOR   m   Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Νικανωρ (Nikanor), which was derived from νικη (nike) "victory". This name was borne by several notable officers from ancient Macedon.
NICOLAUS   m   German, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Nikolaos (see NICHOLAS). This form is also used in Germany.
NIKANDROS   m   Ancient Greek
Means "victory of a man" from the Greek elements νικη (nike) "victory" and ανηρ (aner) "man" (genitive ανδρος). This was the name of a 2nd-century BC Greek poet and grammarian.
NIKANOR   m   Ancient Greek
Greek form of NICANOR.
NIKE   f   Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Means "victory" in Greek. Nike was the Greek goddess of victory.
NIKEPHOROS   m & f   Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Means "carrying victory" from Greek νικη (nike) "victory" and φερω (phero) "to carry, to bear". This name was borne by several Byzantine emperors, including the 10th-century Nikephoros II Phokas. Besides being a masculine personal name, it was also a title borne by the goddess Athena.
NIKETAS   m   Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek νικητης (niketes) meaning "winner, victor". Saint Niketas was a 4th-century bishop of Remesiana in Serbia. He is a patron saint of Romania.
NIKIAS   m   Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek νικη (nike) meaning "victory". This was the name of an Athenian general who fought in the Peloponnesian war.
NIKODEMOS   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Ancient Greek form of NICODEMUS.
NIKOLAOS   m   Ancient Greek, Greek
Original Greek form of NICHOLAS.
NIKOMACHOS   m   Ancient Greek
Means "battle of victory" from Greek νικη (nike) "victory" and μαχη (mache) "battle".
NIKOMEDES   m   Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek νικη (nike) "victory" and μηδομαι (medomai) "to think, to plan". This was the name of a 1st-century saint, a priest beaten to death for refusing to worship the Roman gods.
NIKON   m   Ancient Greek, Russian
Derived from Greek νικη (nike) meaning "victory".
NIKOSTRATOS   m   Ancient Greek
Means "army of victory" from Greek νικη (nike) "victory" and στρατος (stratos) "army". This was the name of a Roman saint martyred during the persecutions of emperor Diocletian.
NINIAN   m   Scottish, Irish, Ancient Celtic
Meaning unknown. It appears in a Latinized form Niniavus, which could be from the Welsh name NYNNIAW. This was the name of a 5th-century British saint who was apparently responsible for many miracles and cures. He is known as the Apostle to the Picts.
NINO (2)   f   Ancient Near Eastern (Hellenized), Georgian
Meaning unknown, possibly related to the masculine name NINOS. Saint Nino (sometimes called Nina) was a woman from Asia Minor who introduced Christianity to Georgia in the 4th century.
NINOS   m   Ancient Near Eastern (Hellenized)
Possibly related to the name of the goddess NINA (2). According to Greek historians this was the name of the founder of the ancient city of Nineveh in Assyria.
NJÁLL   m   Norse Mythology, Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse form of Niall (see NEIL). This is the name of the hero of a 13th century Icelandic saga, based on the life of a 10th-century Icelandic chieftain.
NONA (2)   f   English, Ancient Roman (Rare)
Feminine form of NONUS. It was also used in 19th-century England, derived directly from Latin nonus "ninth" and traditionally given to the ninth-born child.
NONUS   m   Ancient Roman (Rare)
Roman praenomen, or given name, meaning "ninth" in Latin. This was a very rare praenomen.
NORBERT   m   German, English, Dutch, French, Hungarian, Polish, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements nord "north" and beraht "bright". This was the name of an 11th-century German saint who made many reforms within the church.
NORMAN   m   English, Ancient Germanic
From an old Germanic byname meaning "northman", referring to a Viking. The Normans were Vikings who settled on the coast of France, in the region that became known as Normandy. In England the name Norman or Normant was used before the Norman conquest, first as a nickname for Scandinavian settlers and later as a given name. After the Conquest it became more common, but died out around the 14th century. It was revived in the 19th century, perhaps in part due to a character by this name in C. M. Yonge's novel 'The Daisy Chain' (1856).
NUALLÁN   m   Ancient Irish
Derived from Irish nuall "noble, famous" combined with a diminutive suffix.
NYMPHODORA   f   Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek νυμφη (nymphe) "bride, nymph" and δωρον (doron) "gift". This was the name of a 4th-century saint who was martyred with her sisters Menodora and Metrodora.
NYNNIAW   m   Ancient Celtic
Meaning unknown, presumably of Welsh origin. According to the 12th-century chronicler Geoffrey of Monmouth, this was the name of a Welsh prince who fought against the invading forces of Julius Caesar. It was also borne by an 8th-century Welsh historian, usually known by the Latinized form Nennius.
OCTAVIA   f   English, Spanish, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of OCTAVIUS. Octavia was the wife of Mark Antony and the sister of Roman emperor Augustus. In 19th-century England it was sometimes given to the eighth-born child.
OCTAVIANUS   m   Ancient Roman
Latin form of OCTAVIAN.
OCTAVIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Roman family name meaning "eighth" from Latin octavus. This was the original family name of the emperor Augustus (born Gaius Octavius). It was also rarely used as a Roman praenomen, or given name.
ODA   f   German, Ancient Germanic
Feminine form of Odo (see OTTO).
ODALRIC   m   Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ULRICH.
ODDR   m   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of ODD.
ODILA   f   Ancient Germanic
Variant of ODILIA.
ODILIA   f   Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic element odal meaning "fatherland" or aud meaning "wealth, fortune". Saint Odilia (or Odila) was an 8th-century nun who is considered the patron saint of Alsace. She was apparently born blind but gained sight when she was baptized.
ODILO   m   Ancient Germanic
Masculine form of ODILIA.
ODO   m   Ancient Germanic
Variant of Audo (see OTTO).
ODOACER   m   Ancient Germanic
Variant of ODOVACAR. The Gothic leader Odovacar is frequently called by this name.
ODOVACAR   m   Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Audovacar meaning "wealthy and vigilant", derived from the elements aud "wealth" and wacar "vigilant". Odovacar, also called Odoacer, was a 5th-century Gothic leader who overthrew the last Western Roman emperor and became the first barbarian king of Italy.
ÓENGUS   m   Ancient Irish, Irish Mythology
Old Irish form of AONGHUS.
OLYMPIAS   f   Ancient Greek
Feminine form of OLYMPOS. This was the name of the mother of Alexander the Great. It was also borne by a 4th-century saint.
OLYMPIODOROS   m   Ancient Greek
From OLYMPOS, the name of the mountain home of the Greek gods, combined with Greek δωρον (doron) "gift".
OLYMPOS   m   Ancient Greek
From a Greek personal name which was derived from the place name OLYMPOS, the name of the mountain home of the Greek gods.
ONESIMOS   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Original Greek form of ONESIMUS.
ONESIPHOROS   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Original Greek form of ONESIPHORUS.
ORIGENES   m   Ancient Greek
Greek form of ORIGEN.
ORTWIN   m   German, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements ort "point" and win "friend".
OSBEORN   m   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of OSBORN.
OSBERHT   m   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of OSBERT.
OSGAR   m   Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements os "god" and gar "spear".
OSMUND   m   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of OSMOND.
OSWALD   m   English, German, Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements os "god" and weald "power, ruler". Saint Oswald was a king of Northumbria who introduced Christianity to northeast England in the 7th century before being killed in battle. There was also an Old Norse cognate Ásvaldr in use in England, being borne by the 10th-century Saint Oswald of Worcester, who was of Danish ancestry. Though the name had died out by the end of the Middle Ages, it was revived in the 19th century.
OSWINE   m   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of OSWIN.
OTHO   m   Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen of unknown meaning. This was the name of a short-lived 1st-century Roman emperor.
OTMAR   m   German, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Audamar, which was derived from the elements aud "wealth, fortune" and meri "famous". This was the name of an 8th-century Swiss saint, an abbot of Saint Gall.
OTTO   m   German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, Ancient Germanic
Later German form of Audo or Odo, originally a short form of various names beginning with the Germanic element aud meaning "wealth, fortune". This was the name of four kings of Germany, starting in the 10th century with Otto I, the first Holy Roman Emperor, who was known as Otto the Great. This name was also borne by a 19th-century king of Greece who was originally from Bavaria. Another notable bearer was the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898).
OVIDIUS   m   Ancient Roman
Latin form of OVID.
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