ABEL აბელ m English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name הֶבֶל (Hevel)
. In the Old Testament he is the second son of Adam
, murdered out of envy by his brother Cain
. In England, this name came into use during the Middle Ages, and it was common during the Puritan era.
ADAM ადამ m English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Russian, Ukrainian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Catalan, Hebrew, Arabic, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
This is the Hebrew word for "man"
. It could be ultimately derived from Hebrew אדם ('adam)
meaning "to be red"
, referring to the ruddy colour of human skin, or from Akkadian adamu
meaning "to make"
AMIRAN ამირან m Georgian, Literature
Variant of AMIRANI
. This is the name of the central character in the medieval Georgian romance Amiran-Darejaniani
by Moses of Khoni. The author was inspired by the mythical Amirani and the stories surrounding him, and loosely based his tale on them.
ANASTASIA ანასტასია f Greek, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, English, Spanish, Italian, Georgian, Ancient Greek
Feminine form of ANASTASIUS
. This was the name of a 4th-century Dalmatian saint who was martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian. Due to her, the name has been common in Eastern Orthodox Christianity (in various spellings). As an English name it has been in use since the Middle Ages. A famous bearer was the youngest daughter of the last Russian tsar Nicholas II, who was rumoured to have escaped the execution of her family in 1918.
ANZOR ანზორ m Georgian, Chechen
Possibly derived from the Georgian noble title აზნაური (aznauri)
, ultimately from Middle Persian aznawar
ARCHIL არჩილ m Georgian
Meaning unknown, of Persian origin. This was the name of an 8th-century Georgian noble who was executed for refusing to convert to Islam.
AVTANDIL ავთანდილ m Georgian, Literature
Created by the Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli for his 12th-century epic The Knight in the Panther's Skin
. Rustaveli based it on Persian آفتاب (aftab)
meaning "sunshine" and دل (del)
meaning "heart". In the poem Avtandil is a knight who is sent by Tinatin
to search for the mysterious knight of the title.
BIDZINA ბიძინა m Georgian
Possibly from Georgian ბიძა (bidza)
. This was the name of a 17th-century Georgian saint and martyr.
BORIS ბორის m Bulgarian, Russian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Czech, Slovak, Georgian, German
From the Turkic name Bogoris
, perhaps meaning "short"
or "snow leopard"
. It was borne by the 9th-century King Boris I of Bulgaria who converted his country to Christianity, as well as two later Bulgarian emperors. The name was popularized in the Slavic world due to the 11th-century Saint Boris, who was a Russian prince martyred with his brother Gleb. His mother may have been Bulgarian. Another famous bearer was the 16th-century Russian emperor Boris Godunov, later the subject of a play of that name by Aleksandr Pushkin.
DANIEL დანიელ m English, Hebrew, French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Croatian, Armenian, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name דָּנִיֵּאל (Daniyyel)
meaning "God is my judge"
, from the roots דִּין (din)
meaning "to judge" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". Daniel was a Hebrew prophet whose story is told in the Book of Daniel in the Old Testament. He lived during the Jewish captivity in Babylon, where he served in the court of the king, rising to prominence by interpreting the king's dreams. The book also presents Daniel's four visions of the end of the world.... [more]
EDUARD ედუარდ m German, Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Catalan, Dutch, Estonian, Romanian, Georgian, Armenian
Form of EDWARD
in various languages.
ENDZELA ენძელა f Georgian
Means "snowdrop flower"
in Georgian (genus Galanthus).
EREKLE ერეკლე m Georgian
Georgian form of Herakleios
). This name was borne by two Georgian kings of the Bagrationi dynasty.
ETERI ეთერი f Georgian
Means "ether, air"
in Georgian. This name features in the Georgian opera Abesalom and Eteri
EVA ევა f Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, English, Czech, Slovak, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Faroese, Greek, Slovene, Bulgarian, Croatian, Russian, Georgian, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin
Form of EVE
used in various languages. This form is used in the Latin translation of the New Testament, while Hava
is used in the Latin Old Testament. The name appears in Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel Uncle Tom's Cabin
(1852) belonging to the character Little Eva, whose real name is in fact Evangeline.... [more]
GABRIEL გაბრიელ m French, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Catalan, English, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name גַבְרִיאֵל (Gavri'el)
meaning "God is my strong man"
, derived from גֶּבֶר (gever)
meaning "strong man, hero" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". Gabriel is an archangel in Hebrew tradition, often appearing as a messenger of God. In the Old Testament he is sent to interpret the visions of the prophet Daniel
, while in the New Testament he serves as the announcer of the births of John
. According to Islamic tradition he was the angel who dictated the Quran to Muhammad
GIVI გივი m Georgian
Meaning unknown, possibly of Persian origin.
GOCHA გოჩა m Georgian
Meaning unknown, possibly from a Georgian dialectal word meaning "old man"
GULISA გულისა f Georgian
Means "little heart"
in Georgian, derived from გული (guli)
meaning "heart" combined with a diminutive suffix.
GURGEN გურგენ m Armenian, Georgian
Derived from Middle Persian gurg
"wolf" combined with a diminutive suffix. This name was borne by several Georgian kings and princes.
IAKOB იაკობ m Biblical Greek, Georgian
Form of JACOB
used in the Greek Old Testament, as well as in the Greek New Testament when referring to the patriarch. This is also the Georgian form of the name (referring to the two apostles named James as well as the patriarch).
IRMA ირმა f German, English, Dutch, Finnish, Spanish, Italian, Georgian, Lithuanian, Hungarian (Rare), Ancient Germanic
German short form of names beginning with the Germanic element ermen
, which meant "whole, universal"
. It is thus related to EMMA
. It began to be regularly used in the English-speaking world in the 19th century.
KHATUNA ხათუნა f Georgian
From the Turkic title khatun
meaning "lady, woman"
, a feminine form of khan
LALI ლალი f Georgian
in Georgian, of Sanskrit origin.
LASHA ლაშა m Georgian
Possibly from a Northwest Caucasian word meaning "light"
. This was a name of Giorgi IV, a 13th-century king of Georgia.
LELA (1) ლელა f Georgian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the name of a type of plant.
MALKHAZ მალხაზ m Georgian
Possibly means "beautiful, elegant, youthful"
MARINA მარინა f Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, English, Greek, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Ukrainian, Romanian, Czech, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian, Latvian, Georgian, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of MARINUS
MARTA მართა f Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Polish, Czech, Slovak, German, Dutch, Romanian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Russian, Swedish, Icelandic, Latvian, Georgian
Form of MARTHA
used in various languages.
MEDEA მედეა f Greek Mythology (Latinized), Georgian
From Greek Μήδεια (Medeia)
, possibly derived from μήδομαι (medomai)
meaning "to think, to plan"
. In Greek mythology Medea was a sorceress from Colchis (modern Georgia) who helped Jason
gain the Golden Fleece. They were married, but eventually Jason left her for another woman. For revenge Medea slew Jason's new lover and also had her own children by Jason killed.
NANA (3) ნანა f Georgian
Meaning unknown. This was the name of a 4th-century queen consort of Georgia who is regarded as a saint in the Orthodox Church.
NATALIA ნატალია f Polish, Italian, Spanish, Romanian, English, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Greek, Georgian, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Late Roman
Latinate form of Natalia
NINO (2) ნინო f Georgian
Meaning unknown, possibly from a Greek feminine form of NINOS
. Saint Nino (sometimes called Nina) was a Greek-speaking woman from Asia Minor who introduced Christianity to Georgia in the 4th century.
OTAR ოთარ m Georgian
Derived from Turkic otar
meaning "pasture, meadow"
REVAZ რევაზ m Georgian
Possibly of Persian origin meaning "wealthy, successful"
RUSUDAN რუსუდან f Georgian
Possibly derived from Persian روز (ruz)
. This name was borne by a 13th-century ruling queen of Georgia.
SALOME სალომე f English, German, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From an Aramaic name that was related to the Hebrew word שָׁלוֹם (shalom)
. According to the historian Josephus this was the name of the daughter of Herodias
(the consort of Herod Antipas, the tetrarch of Galilee). In the New Testament, though a specific name is not given, it was a daughter of Herodias who danced for Herod and was rewarded with the head of John
the Baptist, and thus Salome and the dancer have traditionally been equated.... [more]
SHALVA შალვა m Georgian
Meaning unknown. This was the name of a 13th-century Georgian hero, considered a saint in the Georgian Church.
SIDONIA სიდონია f Late Roman, Georgian
Feminine form of SIDONIUS
. This is the name of a legendary saint from Georgia. She and her father Abiathar were supposedly converted by Saint Nino
from Judaism to Christianity.
SIMON (1) სიმონ m English, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Hungarian, Slovene, Romanian, Macedonian, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From Σίμων (Simon)
, the New Testament Greek form of the Hebrew name שִׁמְעוֹן (Shim'on)
meaning "he has heard"
. This name is spelled Simeon
, based on Greek Συμεών
, in many translations of the Old Testament, where it is borne by the second son of Jacob
. The New Testament spelling may show influence from the otherwise unrelated Greek name SIMON (2)
TAMAR თამარ f Hebrew, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "date palm"
in Hebrew. According to the Old Testament Tamar was the daughter-in-law of Judah
and later his wife. This was also the name of a daughter of King David
. She was raped by her half-brother Amnon
, leading to his murder by her brother Absalom
. The name was borne by a 12th-century ruling queen of Georgia who presided over the kingdom at the peak of its power.
TAMARA თამარა f Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Hungarian, English, Dutch, Spanish, Italian, Lithuanian, Georgian
Russian form of TAMAR
. Russian performers such as Tamara Karsavina (1885-1978), Tamara Drasin (1905-1943), Tamara Geva (1907-1997) and Tamara Toumanova (1919-1996) introduced it to the English-speaking world. It was also borne by the Polish cubist painter Tamara de Lempicka (1898-1980).
TATIANA ტატიანა f Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Polish, Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Greek, Georgian, English, Russian, Bulgarian, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of the Roman name Tatianus
, a derivative of the Roman name TATIUS
. This was the name of a 3rd-century saint who was martyred in Rome under the emperor Alexander Severus. She was especially venerated in Orthodox Christianity, and the name has been common in Russia (as Татьяна
) and Eastern Europe. It was not regularly used in the English-speaking world until the 1980s.
TEIMURAZ თეიმურაზ m Georgian
Georgian form of TAHMURAS
. This was the name of several kings who ruled over kingdoms located in what is now modern Georgia.
TENGIZ თენგიზ m Georgian
Derived from Turkic tengiz
meaning "sea, ocean"
TINATIN თინათინ f Georgian, Literature
Possibly related to Georgian სინათლე (sinatle)
. The name was devised by the Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli for his 12th-century epic poem The Knight in the Panther's Skin
, in which Tinatin is the ruler of Arabia and the lover of Avtandil
TORNIKE თორნიკე m Georgian
Georgian form of Greek Τορνίκιος (Tornikios)
or Τορνίκης (Tornikes)
, the name of a prominent Byzantine family that was of Armenian or Georgian descent. The family name may be derived from Armenian թոռնիկ (tornik)
, a diminutive of թոռն (torn)
. Usage as a given name probably began in honour of the family, a notable member of which was a saint.
TSISANA ცისანა f Georgian
Probably derived from Georgian ცის (tsis)
meaning "of the sky"
, the genitive case of ცა (tsa)
meaning "sky, heaven".
TSISIA ცისია f Georgian
Derived from Georgian ცის (tsis)
meaning "of the sky"
, the genitive case of ცა (tsa)
meaning "sky, heaven".
TSIURI ციური f Georgian
Means "heavenly, celestial"
in Georgian, a derivative of ცა (tsa)
meaning "sky, heaven".
VAKHTANG ვახტანგ m Georgian
Derived from Old Persian varka-tanu
. This name was borne by several kings of Georgia.
VALERIAN ვალერიან m Russian, Ukrainian, Georgian, Romanian, History
From the Roman cognomen Valerianus
, which was itself derived from the Roman name VALERIUS
. This was the name of a 3rd-century Roman emperor. Several saints also had this name, including a 2nd-century martyr of Lyons.
VARDO ვარდო f Georgian
Derived from Georgian ვარდი (vardi)
, ultimately from an Iranian language via Armenian.
VERA (1) ვერა f Russian, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Portuguese, Italian, Spanish, Hungarian, Romanian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Belarusian, Georgian
in Russian, though it is sometimes associated with the Latin word verus "true"
. It has been in general use in the English-speaking world since the late 19th century.