ABRAHAM אַבְרָהָם m English, Hebrew, Spanish, French, Dutch, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
This name may be viewed either as meaning "father of many"
in Hebrew or else as a contraction of ABRAM (1)
and הָמוֹן (hamon)
meaning "many, multitude". The biblical patriarch Abraham was originally named Abram but God changed his name (see Genesis 17:5
). With his father Terah
, he led his wife Sarah
, his nephew Lot
and their other followers from Ur into Canaan. He is regarded by Jews as being the founder of the Hebrews through his son Isaac
and by Muslims as being the founder of the Arabs through his son Ishmael
ADAM אָדָם m English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Russian, Ukrainian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Catalan, Hebrew, Arabic, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
This is the Hebrew word for "man"
. It could be ultimately derived from Hebrew אדם ('adam)
meaning "to be red"
, referring to the ruddy colour of human skin, or from Akkadian adamu
meaning "to make"
ADIR אַדִּיר m Hebrew
Means "strong, mighty"
in Hebrew. This word is used in the Hebrew Bible to describe God.
ADVA אַדְוָה f Hebrew
Means "small wave, ripple"
AKIVA עֲקִיבָא m Hebrew
From an Aramaic form of YAAKOV
. Akiva (or Akiba) ben Joseph was a prominent 1st-century Jewish rabbi.
ALIYA (2) עֲלִיָּה f Hebrew
in Hebrew, a derivative of עָלָה ('alah)
meaning "to ascend, to climb". This is also a Hebrew word referring to immigration to Israel.
AMI (4) עַמִי m Hebrew
Means "my people"
or "my nation"
AMOS עָמוֹס m English, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
From Hebrew עָמַס ('amas)
meaning "load, burden"
. Amos is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Amos, which speaks against greed, corruption and oppression of the poor. Written about the 8th century BC, it is among the oldest of the prophetic books. As an English name, Amos
has been used since the Protestant Reformation, and was popular among the Puritans.
ARIEL אֲרִיאֵל m & f Hebrew, English, French, Spanish, Biblical, Biblical Greek
Means "lion of God"
in Hebrew, from אֲרִי ('ari)
meaning "lion" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". In the Old Testament it is used as another name for the city of Jerusalem. Shakespeare used it as the name of a spirit in his play The Tempest
(1611), and one of the moons of Uranus bears this name in his honour. As an English name, it became more common for females in the 1980s, especially after it was used for the title character in the Walt Disney film The Little Mermaid
AYAL אַיָּל m Hebrew
Means "stag, male deer"
AYALA אַיָּלָה f Hebrew
Means "doe, female deer"
AYELET אַיֶלֶת f Hebrew
Means "doe, female deer, gazelle"
. It is taken from the Hebrew phrase אַיֶלֶת הַשַׁחַר ('ayelet hashachar)
, literally "gazelle of dawn", which is a name of the morning star.
BARUCH בָּרוּך m Biblical, Hebrew
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a companion of the prophet Jeremiah, acting as his scribe and assistant. The deuterocanonical Book of Baruch was supposedly written by him. A famous bearer was Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677), a Dutch-Jewish rationalist philosopher.
BATEL בַּת־אֵל f Hebrew
Means "daughter of God"
BOAZ בֹּעַז m Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the man who marries Ruth
. This was also the name of one of the two pillars that stood outside Solomon's Temple (with Jachin
CHAIM חַיִּים m Hebrew
Derived from the Hebrew word חַיִּים (chayyim)
. It has been used since medieval times.
CHESED חֶסֶד f & m Hebrew
Means "kindness, goodness"
DAFNA דַּפְנָה f Hebrew
in Hebrew, of Greek origin.
DANIEL דָּנִיֵּאל m English, Hebrew, French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Croatian, Armenian, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name דָּנִיֵּאל (Daniyyel)
meaning "God is my judge"
, from the roots דִּין (din)
meaning "to judge" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". Daniel was a Hebrew prophet whose story is told in the Book of Daniel in the Old Testament. He lived during the Jewish captivity in Babylon, where he served in the court of the king, rising to prominence by interpreting the king's dreams. The book also presents Daniel's four visions of the end of the world.... [more]
DANYA (1) דַּנְיָה f Hebrew
Feminine form of DAN (1)
. It can also be considered a compound meaning "judgement from God"
, using the element יָה (yah)
referring to the Hebrew God.
DAR דַּר f & m Hebrew
Means "mother-of-pearl, nacre"
DAVID דָּוִד m English, Hebrew, French, Scottish, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Czech, Slovene, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name דָּוִד (Dawid)
, which was derived from Hebrew דּוֹד (dod)
. David was the second and greatest of the kings of Israel, ruling in the 10th century BC. Several stories about him are told in the Old Testament, including his defeat of Goliath
, a giant Philistine. According to the New Testament, Jesus
was descended from him.... [more]
DIKLAH דִּקְלָה m & f Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means "palm grove"
in Hebrew or Aramaic. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Joktan
. In modern times it is also used as a feminine name.
DOR דּוֹר m & f Hebrew
DORI דּוֹרִי m Hebrew
Means "my generation"
DROR דְּרוֹר m Hebrew
EDEN עֵדֶן f & m Hebrew, English (Modern)
Possibly from Hebrew עֵדֶן
('eden) meaning "pleasure, delight", or perhaps derived from Sumerian 𒂔 (edin)
meaning "plain". According to the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam
, lived before they were expelled.
EHUD אֵהוּד m Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Meaning unknown, possibly related to Hebrew אֶחָד ('echad)
. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the biblical judges. He killed Eglon, the king of Moab, and freed the city of Jericho from Moabite rule.
ELI (1) עֵלִי m English, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
in Hebrew. In the Books of Samuel in the Old Testament he is a high priest of the Israelites. He took the young Samuel
into his service and gave him guidance when God spoke to him. Because of the misdeeds of his sons, Eli and his descendants were cursed to die before reaching old age.... [more]
ELIJAH אֱלִיָּהוּ m English, Hebrew, Biblical
From the Hebrew name אֱלִיָּהוּ ('Eliyyahu)
meaning "my God is YAHWEH"
, derived from the elements אֵל ('el)
and יָה (yah)
, both referring to the Hebrew God. Elijah was a Hebrew prophet and miracle worker, as told in the two Books of Kings in the Old Testament. He was active in the 9th century BC during the reign of King Ahab
of Israel and his Phoenician-born queen Jezebel
. Elijah confronted the king and queen over their idolatry of the Canaanite god Ba'al
and other wicked deeds. At the end of his life he was carried to heaven in a chariot of fire, and was succeeded by Elisha
. In the New Testament, Elijah and Moses
appear next to Jesus
when he is transfigured.... [more]
ELIOR אֱלִיאוֹר m Hebrew
Means "my God is my light"
ELON אֵילוֹן m Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means "oak tree"
in Hebrew. According to the Old Testament this was the name of one of the ruling judges of the Israelites.
ESTER אֶסְתֵר f Spanish, Catalan, Portuguese, Italian, Czech, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Hebrew
Form of ESTHER
used in several languages.
EVRON עֶבְרוֹן m Hebrew (Rare)
From a biblical place name, also called עַבְדּוֹן ('Avdon)
meaning "servile", for which it may be a clerical error.
EYAL אֱיָל m Hebrew
Means "might, strength"
EZRA עֶזְרָא m Biblical, English, Hebrew
in Hebrew. Ezra is a prophet of the Old Testament and the author of the Book of Ezra. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. The American poet Ezra Pound (1885-1972) was a famous bearer.
GAI גַּיְא m Hebrew
Means "valley, ravine"
GALIA גַּלְיָה f Hebrew
Elaboration of GAL (1)
. It could also be considered a compound meaning "wave from God"
, using the element יָה (yah)
referring to the Hebrew God.
GIDEON גִּדְעוֹן m Biblical, English, Hebrew
Means "feller, hewer"
in Hebrew. Gideon is a hero and judge of the Old Testament. He led the vastly outnumbered Israelites against the Midianites, defeated them, and killed their two kings. In the English-speaking world, Gideon
has been used as a given name since the Protestant Reformation, and it was popular among the Puritans.
GILI גִּילִי f & m Hebrew
Means "my joy"
GUY (2) גַּיְא m Hebrew
Alternate transcription of Hebrew גַּיְא
). This is the more common transcription.
HADAR הָדָר f & m Hebrew
Means "splendour, glory"
HAIM חַיִּים m Hebrew
Alternate transcription of Hebrew חַיִּים
). This seems to be the most common transcription for Israeli Jews.
HALLEL הָלֵּל f Hebrew
Derived from Hebrew הָלַל (halal)
. This is the name of a Jewish prayer, consisting of several psalms.
HANNA (1) חַנָּה f Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Ukrainian, Belarusian, German, Dutch, Icelandic, Hungarian, Hebrew
Form of Channah
) in several languages.
HAREL הַרְאֵל m Hebrew
Means "altar, mountain of God"
in Hebrew. In the Hebrew Bible this word is applied to the altar in the temple in Jerusalem (Ezekiel 43:15
HILA הִילָה f Hebrew
Means "halo, aura"
in Hebrew, from the root הָלַל (halal)
meaning "to praise, to shine".
HILLEL הִלֵּל m Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Derived from Hebrew הָלַל (halal)
. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament as the father of the judge Abdon. It was also borne by the 1st-century BC Jewish scholar Hillel the Elder.
INBAL עִנְבָּל f Hebrew
Means "tongue of a bell"
INBAR עִנְבָּר, עִינְבָּר f Hebrew
IRA (1) עִירָא m Biblical, English, Hebrew
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of King David
's priest. As an English Christian given name, Ira
began to be used after the Protestant Reformation. In the 17th century the Puritans brought it to America, where remained moderately common into the 20th century.
IRIT עִירִית f Hebrew
Means "asphodel flower"
KEREN קֶרֶן f Hebrew
or "ray of light"
KINNERET כִּנֶּרֶת f Hebrew
From the name of a large lake in northern Israel, usually called the Sea of Galilee in English. Its name is derived from Hebrew כִּנּוֹר (kinnor)
meaning "harp" because of its shape.
LEA לֵאָה f German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Slovene, Croatian, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Hebrew
Form of LEAH
used in several languages.
LEAH לֵאָה f English, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew name לֵאָה (Le'ah)
, which was probably derived from the Hebrew word לְאָה (le'ah)
. Alternatively it might be related to Akkadian littu
. In the Old Testament Leah is the first wife of Jacob
and the mother of seven of his children. Jacob's other wife was Leah's younger sister Rachel
, who he preferred. Leah later offered Jacob her handmaid Zilpah
in order for him to conceive more children.... [more]
LEVI לֵוִי m Hebrew, English, Dutch, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Possibly means "joined, attached"
in Hebrew. As told in the Old Testament, Levi was the third son of Jacob
, and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of the Israelites, known as the Levites. This was the tribe that formed the priestly class of the Israelites. The brothers Moses
were members. This name also occurs in the New Testament, where it is another name for the apostle Matthew
LIAT לִיאַת f Hebrew
Means "you are mine"
LIHI לִיהִי, לִיהִיא f Hebrew
Means "she is mine"
LIOR לִיאוֹר m & f Hebrew
Means "light for me"
LIRAZ לִירָז m & f Hebrew
Means "secret for me"
LIRON לִירוֹן m & f Hebrew
Means "song for me"
or "joy for me"
MAAYAN מַעֲיָן f & m Hebrew
Means "spring of water"
MALACHI מַלְאָכִי m Hebrew, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name מַלְאָכִי (Mal'akhi)
meaning "my messenger"
or "my angel"
. This is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Malachi, which some claim foretells the coming of Christ. In England the name came into use after the Protestant Reformation.
MARGANITA מַרְגָנִיתָה f Hebrew
From the name of a type of flowering plant common in Israel, called the scarlet pimpernel in English.
MEIR מֵאִיר m Hebrew
Means "giving light"
MENAHEM מְנַחֵם m Biblical, Hebrew
From the Hebrew name מְנַחֵם (Menachem)
. This was the name of a king of Israel, appearing in the Old Testament. His reign was noted for its brutality.
MEYER מֵאִיר m Hebrew
Alternate transcription of Hebrew מֵאִיר
). It also coincides with a German surname meaning "mayor, leader".
MICHAL (2) מִיכַל f Biblical, Hebrew
Possibly means "brook"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a daughter of Saul
. She was married to David
, but after David fled from Saul he remarried her to someone else. Later, when David became king, he ordered her returned to him.
MIRIAM מִרְיָם f Hebrew, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MARY
. It is used in the Old Testament, where it belongs to the elder sister of Moses
. She watched over the infant Moses as the pharaoh's daughter drew him from the Nile. The name has long been popular among Jews, and it has been used as an English Christian name (alongside Mary
) since the Protestant Reformation.
MIRON (2) מִירוֹן m Hebrew
From the name of the highest mountain in Israel, Mount Meron. It is also the name of a village on its slopes, thought to be on the same site as the ancient Canaanite city of Merom.
MOR מוֹר f & m Hebrew
MORAN מוֹרָן f & m Hebrew
Means "viburnum shrub"
MORDECAI מָרְדֳּכַי m Biblical, Hebrew
Means "servant of MARDUK"
in Persian. In the Old Testament Mordecai is the cousin and foster father of Esther
. He thwarted a plot to kill the Persian king, though he made an enemy of the king's chief advisor Haman
NAOMI (1) נָעֳמִי f English, Hebrew, Biblical
From the Hebrew name נָעֳמִי (Na'omi)
. In the Old Testament this is the name of the mother-in-law of Ruth
. After the death of her husband and sons, she returned to Bethlehem with Ruth. There she declared that her name should be Mara
(see Ruth 1:20
NETA נֶטַע f & m Hebrew
Means "plant, shrub"
NILI נִילִי f Hebrew
Acronym of the phrase נצח ישׂראל לא ישׁקר (Netzach Yisrael Lo Yishaker)
meaning "the eternity of Israel will not lie"
. This phrase appears in the Old Testament in 1 Samuel 15:29
. It was used as the name of a Jewish spy network in Palestine during World War I.
NIR נִיר m Hebrew
Means "plowed field"
NIV נִיב m Hebrew
Means either "speech, expression"
or "fang, tusk"
NOAM נוֹעַם m & f Hebrew, French
in Hebrew. A famous bearer is Noam Chomsky (1928-), an American linguist and philosopher.
NOGA נֹגַה f & m Hebrew
Modern Hebrew transcription of NOGAH
, usually used as a feminine name.
NOY נוֹי f & m Hebrew
NURIT נוּרִית f Hebrew
Means "buttercup flower"
in Hebrew (genus Ranunculus).
OFER עֹפֶר m Hebrew
in Hebrew. This makes it a modern variant of the Classical Hebrew name Ophrah
OFRA עָפְרָה m & f Hebrew
Modern Hebrew form of OPHRAH
. Originally it was a masculine name, but it is now used for females too.
OMER עֹמֶר m & f Hebrew
Means "sheaf of wheat"
OMRI עָמְרִי m Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means "life"
in Hebrew (or a related Semitic language). This was the name of a 9th-century BC military commander who became king of Israel. He appears in the Old Testament, where he is denounced as being wicked.
OR אוֹר m & f Hebrew
OREL אוֹרְאֵל m Hebrew
Means "light of God"
ORI אוֹרִי m & f Hebrew
Means "my light"
ORLI אוֹרְלִי f Hebrew
Means "light for me"