Judeo-Christian Legend Names

These names occur in various Judeo-Christian-Islamic legends that are preserved outside of the Bible.
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AZRAEL   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Variant of AZRIEL. This was the name of an angel in Jewish and Muslim tradition who separated the soul from the body upon death. He is sometimes referred to as the Angel of Death.
BALTHAZAR   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Variant of BELSHAZZAR. Baltazar is the name traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who visited the newborn Jesus.
BARLAAM   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Meaning unknown. In Christian legends Barlaam (recorded as Greek Βαρλααμ) was a 3rd-century hermit who converted Josaphat, the son of an Indian king, to Christianity. The story is based on that of the Buddha. This name was also borne by two saints.
BELIAL   בְּלִיַעַל   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "worthless" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this term is used to refer to various wicked people. In the New Testament, Paul uses it as a name for Satan. In later Christian tradition Belial became an evil angel associated with lawlessness and lust.
CASPAR   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Latin variant of JASPER.
DISMAS   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Derived from Greek δυσμη (dysme) meaning "sunset". This is the name traditionally given to the repentant thief who was crucified beside Jesus.
GASPAR   m   Spanish, Portuguese, Judeo-Christian Legend
Spanish and Portuguese form of JASPER, as well as the Latin form.
IOACHIM   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Latin form of IOAKEIM.
IOAKEIM   Ιωακειμ   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Greek form of JOACHIM, found in the apocryphal Gospel of James.
ISRAFIL   إسرافيل   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Meaning unknown. In Islamic tradition this is the name of the angel who will blow the trumpet that signals the coming of Judgement Day. He is sometimes equated with the angels Raphael or Uriel from Judeo-Christian tradition.
IZRAIL   عزرائيل   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Arabic form of AZRAEL.
JASPER   m   English, Dutch, Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "treasurer" in Persian. This name was traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who were said to have visited the newborn Jesus. It has occasionally been used in the English-speaking world since the Middle Ages. The name can also be given in reference to the English word for the gemstone.
JOACHIM   m   French, German, Polish, Judeo-Christian Legend
Contracted form of JEHOIACHIN or JEHOIAKIM. According to the apocryphal Gospel of James, Saint Joachim was the husband of Saint Anne and the father of the Virgin Mary. Due to his popularity in the Middle Ages, the name came into general use in Christian Europe (though it was never common in England).
LILITH   f   Near Eastern Mythology, Judeo-Christian Legend
Derived from Akkadian lilitu meaning "of the night". This was the name of a demon in ancient Assyrian myths. In Jewish tradition she was Adam's first wife, sent out of Eden and replaced by Eve because she would not submit to him. The offspring of Adam (or Samael) and Lilith were the evil spirits of the world.
LUCIFER   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "bringing light", derived from Latin lux "light" and ferre "to bring". In Latin this name originally referred to the morning star, Venus, but later became associated with the chief angel who rebelled against God's rule in heaven (see Isaiah 14:12). In later literature, such as the 'Divine Comedy' (1321) by Dante and 'Paradise Lost' (1667) by John Milton, Lucifer became associated with Satan himself.
MELCHIOR   m   Dutch, Judeo-Christian Legend
Derived from Semitic roots meaning "king city". This was a name traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who were said to have visited the newborn Jesus.
PHANUEL   Φανουηλ   m   Biblical, Judeo-Christian Legend
Form of PENUEL used in the New Testament, where it is borne by the father of Anna the prophetess. It also appears in the apocryphal Book of Enoch belonging to an angel.
RAGUEL   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "friend of God" in Hebrew. The Book of Enoch names him as one of the seven archangels.
REMIEL   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "mercy of God" in Hebrew. The Book of Enoch names him as one of the seven archangels.
SAMAEL   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "severity of God" in Hebrew. This is the name of an archangel in Jewish tradition, described as a destructive angel of death.
ZERACHIEL   m   Judeo-Christian Legend
Possibly means "command of God" in Hebrew. The Book of Enoch names him as one of the seven archangels.
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