Persian Mythology Names

These names occur in the mythologies and legends of Persia, specifically Zoroastrianism.
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AHRIMAN اهریمن m Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of ANGRA MAINYU.
AHURA MAZDA اهورامزدا m Persian Mythology
Means "lord of wisdom" in Avestan. In Persian mythology Ahura Mazda was the supreme creator, and the god of light, truth, and goodness.
AMERETAT f Persian Mythology
Means "immortality" in Avestan. This was the name of a Zoroastrian goddess (one of the Amesha Spenta) of plants and long life.
AMORDAD امرداد f Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of AMERETAT.
AMURDAD امرداد f Persian Mythology
Middle Persian form of AMERETAT.
ANAHITA آناهیتا f Persian, Persian Mythology
Means "immaculate, undefiled" from Avestan a "not" and ahit "unclean". This was the name of the Persian goddess of fertility and water. She was sometimes identified with Artemis, Aphrodite and Athena.
ANGRA MAINYU m Persian Mythology
Means "evil spirit" in Avestan. In Persian mythology Angra Mainyu was the god of darkness, death and destruction, the enemy of Ahura Mazda.
ARASH آرش m Persian, Persian Mythology
Possibly means either "truthfulness" or "bright" in Persian. In Persian legend Arash was a Persian archer who was ordered by the Turans to shoot an arrow, the landing place of which would determine the new location of the Persian-Turan border. Arash climbed a mountain and fired his arrow with such strength that it flew for several hours and landed on the banks of the far-away Oxus River.
ASHTAD اشتاد f Persian Mythology
Means "justice" in Persian. This was the name of a Yazata (or angel) in Zoroastrianism.
BAHMAN بهمن m Persian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Vohu Manah meaning "good mind". This was the name of a Zoroastrian god (one of the Amesha Spenta) associated with domestic animals. It is also the name of the eleventh month in the Iranian calendar.
BAHRAM بهرام m Persian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Verethragna meaning "victory over resistance". This was the name of a Zoroastrian god (one of the Amesha Spenta) associated with victory and war. This name was borne by several Sassanid emperors. It is also the Persian name for the planet Mars.
FEREYDOUN فریدون m Persian, Persian Mythology
Means "the third" in Persian. In the 10th-century Persian epic the Shahnameh this is the name of a virtuous king who ruled for 500 years.
GOVAD m Persian Mythology
Means "wind" in Persian. This was the name of a Yazata (or angel) associated with the wind in Zoroastrianism.
HAURVATAT f Persian Mythology
Means "health, perfection, wholeness" in Avestan. This was the name of a Zoroastrian goddess (one of the Amesha Spenta) of health and water.
HORMAZD هرمزد m Persian Mythology
Persian variant form of AHURA MAZDA.
HORMIZD m Persian Mythology, Ancient Persian
Middle Persian form of AHURA MAZDA. This name was borne by several rulers of the Sasanian Empire. It was also borne by a Christian saint who was martyred in Persia in the 5th century.
HORMOZ هرمز m Persian Mythology, Persian
Modern Persian form of AHURA MAZDA.
HVARE KHSHAETA m Persian Mythology
Ancient Avestan form of KHURSHID.
JAM جم m Persian Mythology
Persian form of Avestan Yima meaning "twin" (related to Sanskrit Yama). This was the name of a mythological king, more commonly called Jamshid.
JAMSHED جمشید m Persian, Tajik, Persian Mythology
Alternate transcription of Persian جمشید (see JAMSHID), as well as the regular Tajik form.
JAMSHEED جمشید m Persian, Persian Mythology
Alternate transcription of Persian جمشید (see JAMSHID).
JAMSHID جمشید m Persian, Uzbek, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Yima Kshaeta, which meant "shining JAM". This was the name of a mythological king of Persia. He is known as either Jamshid or Jam, where Jamshid is a combination of his original name and an honourific.
KAVEH کاوه m Persian, Persian Mythology
Possibly means "royal" in Avestan. In Persian mythology Kaveh is a blacksmith who leads a rebellion against the evil ruler Zahhak.
KHORDAD خرداد f Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of HAURVATAT. This is the name of the third month in the Iranian calendar.
KHURSHID خورشید m & f Persian, Urdu, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Hvare Khshaeta meaning "shining sun". In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a Yazata (or angel) who was associated with the sun.
KSHATHRA VAIRYA m Persian Mythology
Ancient Avestan form of SHAHRIVAR.
MEHR مهر m & f Persian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of MITHRA. As a Persian vocabulary word it means "friendship" and "sun". It is also the name of the seventh month of the Persian calendar. All these derive from the same source: the Indo-Iranian root *mitra meaning "oath, covenant, agreement".
MITHRA میترا m Persian Mythology
Derived from an Indo-Iranian root *mitra meaning "oath, covenant, agreement". In Persian mythology he was a god of light and friendship, the son of the supreme god Ahura Mazda. Worship of him eventually spread outside of Persia, where it was known as Mithraism.
MORDAD مرداد f Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of AMORDAD. This is the name of the fifth month in the Iranian calendar.
NAIRYOSANGHA m Persian Mythology
Derived from Avestan nairyo "male" and sangha "word". Nairyosangha was a Zoroastrian Yazata (or angel) who served as a messenger for Ahura Mazda.
ORMAZD اورمزد m Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of AHURA MAZDA.
RASHN رشن m Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Rashnu meaning "justice". In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a Yazata who judged the souls of the dead.
RASHNU m Persian Mythology
Ancient Avestan form of RASHN.
ROSTAM رستم m Persian, Persian Mythology
Meaning unknown, possibly from Avestan raodha "to grow" and takhma "strong, brave, valiant". Rostam was a warrior hero in Persian legend. The 10th-century Persian poet Ferdowsi recorded his tale in the Shahnameh.
SAAM سام m Persian, Persian Mythology
Alternate transcription of Persian سام (see SAM (2)).
SAM (2) سام m Persian, Persian Mythology
Means "dark" in Avestan. This is the name of a hero in the 10th-century Persian epic the Shahnameh.
SAROSH سروش m Persian Mythology
Middle Persian form of SOROUSH.
SHAHRIVAR شهریور m Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Kshathra Vairya meaning "desirable power". In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a god of metal and a protector of the weak. This is also the name of the sixth month of the Iranian calendar.
SIAVASH سیاوش m Persian, Persian Mythology
Means "possessing black stallions" in Avestan. This is the name of a prince in the 10th-century Persian epic the Shahnameh.
SOHRAB سهراب m Persian, Persian Mythology
Probably from Middle Persian swhr "red" and ab "water". In the 10th-century Persian epic the Shahnameh this is the name of the son of the hero Rostam. He was tragically slain in battle by his father, who was unaware he was fighting his own son.
SOROUSH سروش m Persian Mythology, Persian
Modern Persian form of Avestan Sraosha meaning "obedience". In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a Yazata (or angel), later equated with the angel Gabriel.
SRAOSHA m Persian Mythology
Ancient Avestan form of SOROUSH.
TAHMINA f Persian Mythology, Tajik, Bengali
Derived from Avestan takhma meaning "strong, brave, valiant". This is the name of a character in the 10th-century Persian epic the Shahnameh. She is a daughter of the king of Samangan who marries the warrior hero Rostam and eventually bears him a son, whom they name Sohrab.
TAHMURAS طهمورث m Persian Mythology
Persian form of Avestan Takhma Urupi meaning "strong body". Takhma Urupi is a hero from the Avesta who later appears in the 10th-century Persian epic the Shahnameh.
URMAZD اورمَزد m Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of AHURA MAZDA.
VERETHRAGNA m Persian Mythology
Ancient Avestan form of BAHRAM.
VOHU MANAH m Persian Mythology
Ancient Avestan form of BAHMAN.
YIMA m Persian Mythology
Ancient Avestan form of JAM.
YIMA KSHAETA m Persian Mythology
Ancient Avestan form of JAMSHID.
ZAL زال m Persian Mythology
Means "albino" in Persian. In the 10th-century Persian epic the Shahnameh this is the name of a white-haired warrior.
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