Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) was a Swedish inventor and businessman who's invention of dynamite in 1867 earned him a vast fortune. In his will he stated that his money was to be used for annual prizes in the categories of physics, chemistry, medicine, peace and literature, and thus the Nobel Foundation was created. The first Nobel Prizes were given out in 1901. Sometimes the awards are shared between more than one person.
In 1968 a prize for economics was added, the money provided by the Bank of Sweden.
Nobel Prize Winners Chronologically
Nobel Prize Winners by Category
Nobel Prize Winners by Frequency of Name
Nobel Prize Winners Alphabetically (Grouped by Name)