Bulgarian Kings and Tsars

The Bulgars arrived in the area of modern Bulgaria around the end of 7th century. They were headed by Asparuh, who came from their land north of the Caucasus mountains (called Old Great Bulgaria, originally united by Kubrat). Asparuh was probably called the Khan, a Turkish title meaning "king, ruler".

For the next two centuries the Bulgarian Empire expanded, partly at the expense of their southern neighbour, the Byzantine Empire. The Empire had its greatest extent in the early 10th century under Simeon the Great, who in 913 adopted the title Tsar (meaning "emperor", ultimately related to Latin Caesar). After his death, however, Bulgaria's power began to decline, and by the year 1018 the country was conquered and ruled by the Byzantines.

In 1185 Petar and his brother Ivan Asen successfully revolted against the Byzantines and formed the Second Bulgarian Empire. The Asen dynasty ruled for almost a century. Eventually the second empire was conquered by the emerging Ottoman Turkish Empire in the late 14th century.

Russia defeated the Ottomans in the Russo-Turkish War in 1878, and after almost 500 years of Ottoman rule Bulgaria regained independence. A monarchy was reintroduced, but then abolished in 1946.

Display      more options...
NameYearsOther Names
Kubrat632-665(Houvrat, Kurt)
Batbayan665-668(Bat Bajan)
Asparuh668-700(Asparukh, Isperih, Isperikh)
Tervel695-721
Ayyar715(Ajjar)
Kormesiy721-738(Kormesij)
Sevar738-753
Kormisosh753-756
Vineh756-762(Vinekh)
Telets762-765(Telec)
Sabin765-766
Umor766
Toktu766-767
Pagan767-768
Telerig768-777
Kardam777-803
Krum803-814
Omurtag814-831(Omortag)
Malamir831-836
Presian I836-852
Boris I852-889(Mihail)
Vladimir889-893
Simeon I the Great893-927(Symeon)
Petar I927-969(Peter)
Boris II969-977
Roman977-997
Samuil997-1014(Samuel)
Gavril Radomir1014-1015(Gabriel)
Ivan Vladislav1015-1018(John)
Presian II1018
Petar II1040-1041(Delyan, Peter)
Alusian1041
Petar III1072(Constantine, Peter)
Petar IV1185-1197
Ivan Asen I1189-1196(John)
Kaloyan1197-1207(Ivan, John, Kalojan)
Boril1207-1218
Ivan Asen II1218-1241(John)
Kaliman Asen I1241-1246
Mihail Asen I1246-1256(Michael)
Kaliman Asen II1256
Mitso Asen1256-1257(Mico)
Konstantin I1257-1277(Constantine)
Mihail Asen II1277-1279(Michael)
Ivailo1278-1279(Ivaylo)
Ivan Asen III1279-1280(John)
Georgi Terter I1280-1292(George)
Smilets1292-1298(Smilec)
Ivan II1298-1299(John)
Chaka1299-1300
Todor Svetoslav1300-1322(Theodore)
Georgi Terter II1322-1323(George)
Mihail Asen III1323-1330(Michael)
Ivan Stefan1330-1331(John)
Ivan Aleksandar1331-1371(John)
Ivan Sratsimir1356-1396(John)
Ivan Shishman1371-1395(John)
Konstantin II1397-1422(Constantine)
Alexander I1879-1886
Ferdinand1887-1918
Boris III1918-1943
Simeon II1943-1946
62 results