Bulgarian Kings and Tsars

The Bulgars arrived in the area of modern Bulgaria around the end of 7th century. They were headed by Asparuh, who came from their land north of the Caucasus mountains (called Old Great Bulgaria, originally united by Kubrat). Asparuh was probably called the Khan, a Turkish title meaning "king, ruler".

For the next two centuries the Bulgarian Empire expanded, partly at the expense of their southern neighbour, the Byzantine Empire. The Empire had its greatest extent in the early 10th century under Simeon the Great, who in 913 adopted the title Tsar (meaning "emperor", ultimately related to Latin Caesar). After his death, however, Bulgaria's power began to decline, and by the year 1018 the country was conquered and ruled by the Byzantines.

In 1185 Petar and his brother Ivan Asen successfully revolted against the Byzantines and formed the Second Bulgarian Empire. The Asen dynasty ruled for almost a century. Eventually the second empire was conquered by the emerging Ottoman Turkish Empire in the late 14th century.

Russia defeated the Ottomans in the Russo-Turkish War in 1878, and after almost 500 years of Ottoman rule Bulgaria regained independence. A monarchy was reintroduced, but then abolished in 1946.

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Ivan9 tsars9
Petar4 tsars4
Boris2 tsars, 1 king3
Mihail3 tsars3
Georgi2 tsars2
Kaliman2 tsars2
Konstantin2 tsars2
Presian1 tsar, 1 king2
Simeon2 tsars2
Alexander1 prince1
Alusian1 tsar1
Asparuh1 king1
Ayyar1 king1
Batbayan1 king1
Boril1 tsar1
Chaka1 tsar1
Ferdinand1 tsar1
Gavril1 tsar1
Ivailo1 tsar1
Kaloyan1 tsar1
Kardam1 king1
Kormesiy1 king1
Kormisosh1 king1
Krum1 king1
Kubrat1 king1
Malamir1 king1
Mitso1 tsar1
Omurtag1 king1
Pagan1 king1
Roman1 tsar1
Sabin1 king1
Samuil1 tsar1
Sevar1 king1
Smilets1 tsar1
Telerig1 king1
Telets1 king1
Tervel1 king1
Todor1 tsar1
Toktu1 king1
Umor1 king1
Vineh1 king1
Vladimir1 king1
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