French Presidents and Prime Ministers

This list is comprised of French Presidents and Prime Ministers. The French Republic was first formed in 1792 after the French Revolution, though the office of President did not exist until the creation of the Second Republic in 1848. The Third (1870-1940), Fourth (1947-1959) and Fifth (1959-present) Republics have also been led by presidents.

The modern office of Prime Minister was created in 1815 (in French the title was Président du Conseil des Ministres until 1959, when it became Premier ministre). Unlike some other European democracies with both a president and a prime minister, the French Prime Minister has less actual power compared to the President.

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NameYearsTypeOther Names
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord1815prime minister
Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu1815-1818; 1820-1821prime minister(Sophie, Septimanie)
Jean-Joseph , Marquis Dessolles1818-1819prime minister(Paul, Augustin)
Élie, duc Decazes1819-1820prime minister
Jean-Baptiste de Villèle1821-1828prime minister
Jean Baptiste Gay, vicomte de Martignac1828-1829prime minister(Sylvère)
Jules de Polignac1829-1830prime minister
Victor de Broglie1830; 1835-1836prime minister(Achille, Léonce, Charles)
Jacques Laffitte1830-1831prime minister
Casimir Pierre Périer1831-1832prime minister
Jean-de-Dieu Soult1832-1834; 1839-1840; 1840-1847prime minister(Nicolas)
Étienne Maurice Gérard1834prime minister
Hugues-Bernard Maret, duc de Bassano1834prime minister
Édouard Mortier, duc de Trévise1834-1835prime minister(Adolphe, Casimir, Joseph)
Adolphe Thiers1836; 1840; 1871-1873prime minister; president(Marie, Joseph, Louis)
Louis-Mathieu Molé1836-1839; 1848prime minister
François Guizot1847-1848prime minister(Pierre, Guillaume)
Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure1848prime minister
François Arago1848prime minister(Dominique, Jean)
Louis-Eugène Cavaignac1848prime minister
Odilon Barrot1848-1849prime minister(Camille, Hyacinthe)
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte1848-1852president(Charles)
Alphonse Henri d'Hautpoul1849-1851prime minister
Léon Faucher1851prime minister(Léonard, Joseph)
Émile Ollivier1869-1870prime minister(Olivier)
Charles Cousin-Montauban, Comte de Palikao1870prime minister(Guillaume, Marie, Appollinaire, Antoine)
Louis-Jules Trochu1870-1871prime minister
Jules Armand Dufaure1871-1873; 1876; 1877-1879prime minister(Stanislas)
Albert de Broglie1873-1874; 1877prime minister(Jacques, Victor)
Patrice de Mac-Mahon1873-1879president(Marie, Edme, Maurice)
Ernest Courtot de Cissey1874-1875prime minister(Louis, Octave)
Louis Buffet1875-1876prime minister(Joseph)
Jules Simon1876-1877prime minister(François)
Gaëtan de Rochebouët1877prime minister
Jules Grévy1879-1887president(François, Paul)
William Waddington1879prime minister(Henry)
Charles de Freycinet1879-1880; 1882; 1886; 1890-1892prime minister(Louis)
Jules Ferry1880-1881; 1883-1885prime minister(François, Camille)
Léon Gambetta1881-1882prime minister
Charles Duclerc1882-1883prime minister(Théodore, Eugène)
Armand Fallières1883; 1906-1913prime minister; president(Clément)
Henri Brisson1885-1886; 1898prime minister(Eugène)
René Goblet1886-1887prime minister
Maurice Rouvier1887; 1905-1906prime minister
Marie François Sadi Carnot1887-1894president
Pierre Tirard1887-1888; 1889-1890prime minister(Emmanuel)
Charles Floquet1888-1889prime minister(Thomas)
Émile Loubet1892; 1899-1906prime minister; president(François)
Alexandre Ribot1892-1893; 1895; 1914; 1917prime minister(Félix, Joseph)
Charles Dupuy1893; 1894-1895; 1898-1899prime minister(Alexandre)
Jean Casimir-Perier1893-1894; 1894-1895prime minister; president(Paul, Pierre)
Félix Faure1895-1899president(François)
Léon Bourgeois1895-1896prime minister(Victor, Auguste)
Jules Méline1896-1898prime minister(Félix)
Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau1899-1902prime minister(Marie, René, Ernest)
Émile Combes1902-1905prime minister(Justin, Louis)
Ferdinand Sarrien1906prime minister(Jean, Marie)
Georges Clemenceau1906-1909; 1917-1920prime minister(Benjamin)
Aristide Briand1909-1911; 1913; 1915-1917; 1921-1922; 1925-1926; 1929prime minister
Ernest Monis1911prime minister(Antoine, Emmanuel)
Joseph Caillaux1911-1912prime minister(Marie, Auguste)
Raymond Poincaré1912-1913; 1913-1920; 1922-1924; 1926-1929president; prime minister
Louis Barthou1913prime minister(Jean)
Gaston Doumergue1913-1914; 1924-1931; 1934president; prime minister(Pierre, Paul, Henri)
René Viviani1914-1915prime minister(Jean, Raphaël, Adrien)
Paul Painlevé1917; 1925prime minister
Alexandre Millerand1920; 1920-1924prime minister; president
Paul Deschanel1920president(Eugène, Louis)
Georges Leygues1920-1921prime minister
Frédéric François-Marsal1924prime minister
Édouard Herriot1924-1925; 1926; 1932prime minister(Marie)
André Tardieu1929-1930; 1930; 1932prime minister(Pierre, Gabriel, Amédée)
Camille Chautemps1930; 1933-1934; 1937-1938prime minister
Théodore Steeg1930-1931prime minister
Pierre Laval1931-1932; 1935-1936; 1940; 1942-1944prime minister
Paul Doumer1931-1932president(Joseph, Athanase)
Albert François Lebrun1932-1940president
Joseph Paul-Boncour1932-1933prime minister(Augustin, Alfred)
Édouard Daladier1933; 1934; 1938-1940prime minister
Albert Sarraut1933; 1936prime minister(Pierre)
Pierre-Étienne Flandin1934-1935; 1940-1941prime minister
Fernand Bouisson1935prime minister
Léon Blum1936-1937; 1938; 1946-1947prime minister(André)
Paul Reynaud1940prime minister
Philippe Pétain1940prime minister(Henri, Benoni, Omer, Joseph)
Vincent Auriol1947-1954president(Jules)
Paul Ramadier1947prime minister
Robert Schuman1947-1948; 1948prime minister(Jean, Baptiste, Nicolas)
André Marie1948prime minister
Henri Queuille1948-1949; 1950; 1951prime minister
Georges Bidault1949-1950prime minister(Augustin)
René Pleven1950-1951; 1951-1952prime minister
Edgar Faure1952; 1955-1956prime minister
Antoine Pinay1952-1953prime minister
René Mayer1953prime minister
Joseph Laniel1953-1954prime minister
René Coty1954-1959president(Jules, Gustave)
Pierre Mendès France1954-1955prime minister
Guy Mollet1956-1957prime minister
Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury1957prime minister(Jean, Marie)
Félix Gaillard1957-1958prime minister
Pierre Pflimlin1958prime minister(Eugène, Jean)
Charles de Gaulle1958-1959; 1959-1969prime minister; president(André, Joseph, Marie)
Michel Debré1959-1962prime minister(Jean, Pierre)
Georges Pompidou1962-1968; 1969-1974prime minister; president(Jean, Raymond)
Maurice Couve de Murville1968-1969prime minister
Alain Poher1969; 1974president(Émile, Louis, Marie)
Jacques Chaban-Delmas1969-1972prime minister
Pierre Messmer1972-1974prime minister(Joseph, Auguste)
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing1974-1981president(Marie, René, Georges)
Jacques Chirac1974-1976; 1986-1988; 1995-2007prime minister; president(René)
Raymond Barre1976-1981prime minister(Octave, Joseph)
Pierre Mauroy1981-1984prime minister
François Mitterrand1981-1995president(Maurice, Adrien, Marie)
Laurent Fabius1984-1986prime minister
Michel Rocard1988-1991prime minister
Édith Cresson1991-1992prime minister
Pierre Bérégovoy1992-1993prime minister(Eugène)
Édouard Balladur1993-1995prime minister
Alain Juppé1995-1997prime minister(Marie)
Lionel Jospin1997-2002prime minister
Jean-Pierre Raffarin2002-2005prime minister
Dominique de Villepin2005-2007prime minister(Marie, François, René)
Nicolas Sarkozy2007-2012president(Paul, Stéphane)
François Fillon2007-2012prime minister(Charles, Armand)
François Hollande2012-president(Gérard, Georges, Nicolas)
Jean-Marc Ayrault2012-2014prime minister
Manuel Valls2014-prime minister(Carlos)
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