German Chancellors and Presidents

This list is comprised of German Chancellors and Presidents. The Chancellor is the head of the government. Germany was unified in 1871, with the Prussian statesman Otto von Bismarck becoming the first Chancellor.

The President is the official head of state. The office was established in 1919 during the Weimar Republic and re-established in 1949 in West Germany.

In German the Chancellor was originally called Reichskanzler meaning "imperial chancellor". Since 1949 the title is Bundeskanzler meaning "federal chancellor" (the first female chancellor, Angela Merkel, has the title Bundeskanzlerin). Likewise, the President was originally Reichspräsident and then Bundespräsident after 1949.

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NameYearsTypeOther Names
Adolf Hitler1933-1945chancellor
Angela Merkel2005-chancellor(Dorothea)
Bernhard von Bülow1900-1909chancellor(Heinrich, Karl, Martin)
Chlodwig of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst1894-1900chancellor(Carl, Viktor)
Christian Wulff2010-2012president(Wilhelm, Walter)
Constantin Fehrenbach1920-1921chancellor
Franz von Papen1932chancellor(Joseph, Hermann, Michael, Maria)
Friedrich Ebert1918-1919; 1919-1925chancellor; president
Georg von Hertling1917-1918chancellor(Friedrich)
Georg Michaelis1917chancellor
Gerhard Schröder1998-2005chancellor(Fritz, Kurt)
Gustav Bauer1919-1920chancellor(Adolf)
Gustav Heinemann1969-1974president(Walter)
Gustav Stresemann1923chancellor
Hans Luther1925-1926chancellor
Heinrich Brüning1930-1932chancellor
Heinrich Lübke1959-1969president(Karl)
Helmut Kohl1982-1998chancellor(Josef, Michael)
Helmut Schmidt 1974-1982chancellor(Heinrich, Waldemar)
Hermann Müller1920; 1928-1930chancellor
Horst Köhler2004-2010president
Joachim Gauck2012-president
Johannes Rau1999-2004president
Joseph Goebbels1945chancellor(Paul)
Joseph Wirth1921-1922chancellor(Karl)
Karl Carstens1979-1984president
Konrad Adenauer1949-1963chancellor(Hermann, Joseph)
Kurt Georg Kiesinger1966-1969chancellor
Kurt von Schleicher1932-1933chancellor
Leo von Caprivi1890-1894chancellor(Georg)
Ludwig Erhard1963-1966chancellor(Wilhelm)
Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk1945chancellor(Johann)
Maximilian of Baden1918chancellor(Alexander, Friedrich, Wilhelm)
Otto von Bismarck1871-1890chancellor(Eduard, Leopold)
Paul von Hindenburg1925-1934president
Philipp Scheidemann1919chancellor
Richard von Weizsäcker1984-1994president(Karl)
Roman Herzog1994-1999president
Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg1909-1917chancellor
Theodor Heuss1949-1959president
Walter Scheel1974; 1974-1979chancellor; president
Wilhelm Cuno1922-1923chancellor(Carl, Josef)
Wilhelm Marx1923-1925; 1926-1928chancellor
Willy Brandt1969-1974chancellor(Herbert, Ernst, Karl)
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