Irish High Kings

Thanks to Piaras Mac Domhnaill for providing the website which is the basis for this information.

According to legend the earliest inhabitants of Ireland were a godlike race called the Tuatha De Danann. Legend goes on to tell how these people were defeated by the forces of Milesius, an Iberian warrior of the 15th-century BC. The victorious invaders were led by two men, Eireamhón (also called Eremon) and Éibhear (also called Eber), the former becoming the sole king of Ireland after killing the latter in a battle. Eireamhón ruled from a court located on the hill of Tara.

Although the earliest of the kings in these lists are legendary characters, the later kings are historical persons. The first king to truly have power throughout Ireland was Niall Naoighiallach (379). His descendants were known as the Uí Néill, and they ruled for the next several centuries. However the title High King (in Irish Ard Rí) was not actually used until later.

The line of Irish high kings was ended shortly after the Anglo-Norman invasion of 1169. There were attempts to fill the throne, most notably in 1316 by Edward Bruce, brother of Robert the king of Scotland.

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NameYearsAlso Known As
Éibhear1434-1433 BC(Eber)
Eireamhón1434-1418 BC(Eremon)
Laighne1418-1415 BC
Luighne1418-1415 BC
Muimhne1418-1415 BC
Fearán1415 BC
Fergen1415 BC
Ir1415 BC
Orba1415 BC
Nuadhat I Neacht1415-1414 BC(Nuada)
Irial Faidh1414-1404 BC
Eithrial1404-1384 BC
Conmaol1384-1354 BC
Tighearnmhas1354-1278 BC
Eochaidh I Eadghadhach1271-1267 BC
Cearma Fionn1267-1227 BC
Sobhairce1267-1227 BC
Eochaidh II Faobharghlas1227-1207 BC
Fiachadh I Labhrainne1207-1183 BC(Fiacha)
Eochaidh III Mumho1183-1162 BC
Aonghus I Olmucadha1162-1144 BC(Aengus)
Éanna I Airgtheach1144-1117 BC(Enna)
Roitheachtaigh I1117-1092 BC
Séadhna I1092-1087 BC
Fiachadh II Fionnscothach1087-1067 BC(Fiacha)
Muineamhón1067-1062 BC
Faildeargdoid1062-1052 BC
Ollamh Fodhla1052-1015 BC
Fionnachta I1015-995 BC
Slanoll995-978 BC
Gedhe Ollghothach978-966 BC
Fiachadh III Fionnailches966-946 BC(Fiacha)
Bearnghal946-934 BC
Oilioll I934-918 BC(Ailill)
Siorna Saoghaileach918-897 BC
Roitheachtaigh II897-890 BC
Elim I Oillfionnsheachta890-889 BC
Giallchaidh889-880 BC
Art I Imleach880-868 BC
Nuadhat II Fionn Fáil868-828 BC(Nuada)
Breas828-819 BC
Eochaidh IV Aptach819-818 BC
Fionn818-796 BC
Séadhna II Innarraigh796-776 BC
Simeon Breac776-770 BC
Duach I Fionn770-760 BC
Muireadhach I Bolgrach760-758 BC
Éanna II758-746 BC(Enna)
Lughaidh I Iardonn746-737 BC
Síorlámh737-721 BC
Eochaidh V Uaircheas721-709 BC
Conaing I709-704 BC
Eochaidh VI709-704 BC
Lughaidh II Láimhdhearg704-697 BC
Conaing II Beag-Eaglach697-677 BC
Art II677-671 BC
Fiachna Tolgrach671-661 BC(Fiacha)
Oilioll II Fionn661-650 BC(Ailill)
Eochaidh VII650-643 BC
Airgeatmhar643-613 BC
Duach II Ladhgrach613-603 BC
Lughaidh III Laighdhe603-596 BC
Aodh I Ruadh596-589 BC; 575-568 BC; 554-547 BC(Áed, Aedh)
Diothorba589-582 BC; 568-561 BC; 547-540 BC
Cimbaoth582-575 BC; 561-554 BC; 540-526 BC
Macha533-519 BC
Reachtaidh Righdhearg519-499 BC
Ugaine Mór499-459 BC
Badhbhchadh459 BC
Laoghaire I Lorc459-457 BC
Cobhtach Caol Breagh457-407 BC
Labhraidh Loingseach407-388 BC
Melghe Molbhthach388-371 BC
Modhcorb371-364 BC
Aonghus II Ollamh364-346 BC(Aengus)
Irereo346-339 BC
Fearchar339-328 BC
Connla Caomh328-308 BC
Oilioll III Caisfhiaclach308-283 BC(Ailill)
Adamair283-278 BC
Eochaidh VIII Ailtleathan278-261 BC
Fearghus I Fortamhail261-250 BC(Fergus)
Aonghus III Tuirmheach250-218 BC(Aengus)
Conall I Collamhrach218-213 BC
Nia Seadhamáin213-206 BC
Éanna III Aigneach206-186 BC(Enna)
Criomthann I Cosgrach186-182 BC
Ruadhraighe182-112 BC
Innatmar112-103 BC
Breasal103-91 BC
Lughaidh IV Luaighne91-76 BC
Conghalach I76-61 BC
Duach III Dallta Deadhadh61-51 BC
Fachtna Fathach51-35 BC
Eochaidh IX Aireamh35-23 BC
Eochaidh X Feidhliach23-8 BC
Eidirsceol8-3 BC
Nuadhat III3-2 BC(Nuada)
Conaire I2 BC-58
Lughaidh V63-71
Conchubhar I71-72
Criomthann II72-88
Cairbre I Ceanncait88-93
Morán88-93
Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach93-115
Fiatach Fionn115-118
Fiachadh IV118-125(Fiacha)
Elim II125-129
Tuathal I Teachtmhar129-159
Mal Mac Rochraidhe159-163
Feidhlimidh Reachtmhar163-173
Cathaoir Mór173-176
Conn Céad Cathach176-211
Conaire II211-219
Art III Aoinfhear219-249
Lughaidh VI249-252
Fearghus II252-254(Fergus)
Cormac Ulfhada Mac Airt254-277
Eochaidh XI277-279
Cairbre II Lifiochair279-296
Fothadh I296-297
Fothadh II296-297
Fiachadh V297-327(Fiacha)
Colla Uais327-331
Muireadhach II331-357
Caolbhadh357-358
Eochaidh XII358-366
Criomthann III366-379
Niall I Naoighiallach379-405
Daithí405-428
Laoghaire II428-463
Oilioll IV Molt463-483(Ailill)
Lughaidh VII483-508
Muircheartach I Mór Mac Earca508-527
Tuathal II527-544
Diarmuid I544-565
Domhnall I Ilchealgach565-566
Fearghus III565-566(Fergus)
Baodán I566-568
Eochaidh XIII566-568
Ainmire568-570
Baodán II570-571
Aodh II Mac Ainmire571-598(Áed, Aedh)
Aodh III Allán598-605(Áed, Aedh)
Colmán598-605
Aodh IV Uairiodhnach605-612(Áed, Aedh)
Maolcobha612-615
Suibhne615-628
Domhnall II628-642
Ceallach642-654
Conall II642-654
Conall III654-658
Blathmhac658-665
Diarmuid II658-665
Seachnasach665-671
Ceannfaolaidh671-674
Fionnachta II674-690
Loingseach690-704
Conghalach II704-711
Fearghal711-722
Fógartach722-724
Cionnaith724-727
Flaithbheartach727-734
Aodh V Álainn734-743(Áed, Aedh)
Domhnall III743-763
Niall II Frasach763-770
Donnchadh770-797
Aodh VI Oirdnidhe797-819(Áed, Aedh)
Conchubhar II819-833
Niall III Caille833-846
Maoilsheachlainn I846-862
Aodh VII Finnliath862-879(Áed, Aedh)
Flann879-915
Niall IV Glúin Dubh915-919
Muircheartach II Na Gcochall Craicneach919-943
Conghalach III943-956
Domhnall IV Ard Mhacha Ó Néill956-980
Maoilsheachlainn II980-1002; 1014-1022
Brian Bórú1002-1014
Conn Ó Lochlainn1022-1024
Corcrán Claireach1022-1024
Donnchadh Ó Briain1024-1064
Toirdealbach Ó Briain1064-1086
Muircheartach Mór Ó Briain1086-1089; 1101-1117
Domhnall Ó Lochlainn1089-1101; 1118-1121
Diarmuid Ó Briain1117-1118
Toirdealbach Mór Ó Conchubhair1127-1153; 1154-1156
Aodh Ó Lochlainn1153-1154; 1156-1166(Áed, Aedh)
Ruaidhrí Ó Conchubhair1166-1175
Eideard Bruis1316-1318(Edward)