Other Leaders

This list is made up of heads of state not included in the other lists.
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NameYearsTypePlaceOther Names
Abulfaz Elchibey1992-1993presidentAzerbaijan(Qadirqulu oglu)
Adnan Terzić2002-2007prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Ado Birk1920prime ministerEstonia
Albert Pintat2005-2009prime ministerAndorra
Alenka Bratušek2013-2014prime ministerSlovenia
Alexander Lukashenko1994-presidentBelarus(Grigoryevich)
Alexis Tsipras2015prime ministerGreece
Ali Masimov1993prime ministerAzerbaijan(Ahmad oglu)
Alija Izetbegović1990-1996presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Alojz Peterle1990-1992prime ministerSlovenia(Lojze)
Andranik Margaryan2000-2007prime ministerArmenia
Andrej Bajuk2000prime ministerSlovenia
Andres Tarand1994-1995prime ministerEstonia
Andrus Ansip2005-2014prime ministerEstonia
Ante Jelavić1998-2001presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Anton Rop2002-2004prime ministerSlovenia
Antoni Martí2011-prime ministerAndorra
Antonis Samaras2012-prime ministerGreece
Ants Piip1920-1921prime ministerEstonia
Anwar Sadat1970-1981presidentEgypt(Mohamed)
Aram Sargsyan1999-2000prime ministerArmenia
Armen Darbinyan1998-1999prime ministerArmenia
Armen Sargsyan1996-1997prime ministerArmenia
Arnold Rüütel2001-2006presidentEstonia
Árpád Göncz1990-2000presidentHungary
Artur Rasizade1996-2003; 2003-prime ministerAzerbaijan(Tahir oğlu)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee1996; 1998-2004prime ministerIndia
Avtandil Jorbenadze2001-2003prime ministerGeorgia
Ayaz Mutallibov1991-1992presidentAzerbaijan(Niyazi oglu)
Bakir Izetbegović2012; 2014-presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Barbu Catargiu1862prime ministerRomania
Barbu Ştirbey1927-prime ministerRomania
Bechara El Khoury1927-1928; 1929; 1943-1952prime minister; presidentLebanon
Benazir Bhutto1988-1990; 1993-1996prime ministerPakistan
Benigno Aquino III2010-presidentPhilippines
Beriz Belkić2001-2002presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Bernardin Mungul Diaka1991prime ministerZaire
Besarion Gugushvili1991-1992prime ministerGeorgia(Bessarion)
Bidzina Ivanishvili2012-2013prime ministerGeorgia
Bohuslav Sobotka2014-prime ministerCzech Republic
Boris Tadić2004-2012presidentSerbia
Boris Trajkovski1999-2004presidentMacedonia
Boris Yeltsin1991-1999presidentRussia
Borislav Paravac2003-2006presidentBosnia and Herzegovina(Boro)
Borut Pahor2008-2012; 2012-prime minister; presidentSlovenia
Božidar Matić2001prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Branko Crvenkovski1992-1998; 2002-2004; 2004-2009prime minister; presidentMacedonia
Carlos P. Garcia1957-1961presidentPhilippines
Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh1974-1976presidentIreland
Chandra Shekhar1990-1991prime ministerIndia
Charan Singh1979-1980prime ministerIndia
Cincinnatus Leconte1911-1912presidentHaiti(Jean, Jacques, Dessalines, Michel)
Corazon Aquino1986-1992presidentPhilippines
Crin Antonescu2012presidentRomania(George, Laurențiu)
Kim Dae-jung1998-2003presidentSouth Korea
Danilo Türk2007-2012presidentSlovenia
Demetris Christofias2008-2013presidentCyprus(Dimitris)
Derviş Eroğlu1985-1994; 1996-2004; 2009-2010; 2010-prime minister; presidentNorthern Cyprus
H. D. Deve Gowda1996-1997prime ministerIndia
Dilma Rousseff2011-presidentBrazil
Diosdado Macapagal1961-1965presidentPhilippines
Douglas Hyde1938-1945presidentIreland
Dragan Čović2002-2005presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Dragan Mikerević2002chairmanBosnia and Herzegovina
Éamon de Valera1959-1973presidentIreland
Edgar Savisaar1991-1992prime ministerEstonia
Eduard Shevardnadze1993; 1995-2003prime minister; presidentGeorgia
Elpidio Quirino1948-1953presidentPhilippines
Emilio Aguinaldo1899-1901presidentPhilippines
Erskine H. Childers1973-1974presidentIreland(Hamilton)
Ferdinand Marcos1965-1986; 1978-1981president; prime ministerPhilippines
Ferenc Gyurcsány2004-2009prime ministerHungary
Ferenc Mádl2000-2005presidentHungary
Fidel Castro1976-2008presidentCuba
Fidel V. Ramos1992-1998presidentPhilippines
Filip Vujanović2003-presidentMontenegro
Firuz Mustafayev1992prime ministerAzerbaijan(Feyruz, Rajab oglu)
Francisco Franco1939-1975leaderSpain
Franjo Gregurić1991-1992prime ministerCroatia
Franjo Tuđman1990-1999presidentCroatia
F. W. de Klerk1989-1994presidentSouth Africa(Frederik, Willem)
Fuad Guliyev1995-1996prime ministerAzerbaijan(Khalil oglu)
Gagik Harutyunyan1991-1992prime ministerArmenia
Gennady Novitsky2001-2003prime ministerBelarus(Vasilyevich)
George Vasiliou1988-1993presidentCyprus(Georgios, Vasos)
Georgiy Malenkov1953general secretarySoviet Union(Georgy)
Giorgi Arsenishvili2000-2001prime ministerGeorgia(Gia)
Giorgi Margvelashvili2013-presidentGeorgia
Glafcos Clerides1993-2003presidentCyprus(Ioannou)
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo2001-2010presidentPhilippines
Gordon Bajnai2009-2010prime ministerHungary(György)
Grigol Mgaloblishvili2008-2009prime ministerGeorgia
Hua Guofeng1976-1981chairmanChina
Gyula Horn1994-1998prime ministerHungary
Hari Kostov2004prime ministerMacedonia
Haris Silajdžić1993-1996; 1997-2000prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Hasan Hasanov1990-1992prime ministerAzerbaijan(Aziz oglu)
Hasan Muratović1996-1997prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Heinrich Mark1990-1992prime ministerEstonia
Heydar Aliyev1993-2003presidentAzerbaijan(Geydar, Alirza oglu)
Hovik Abrahamyan2014-prime ministerArmenia(Argami)
Hrant Bagratyan1993-1996prime ministerArmenia
Hrvoje Šarinić1992-1993prime ministerCroatia
Idi Amin1971-1979presidentUganda
Igor Lukšić2010-2012prime ministerMontenegro
Ilham Aliyev2003; 2003-prime minister; presidentAzerbaijan(Heydar oglu)
Inder Kumar Gujral1997-1998prime ministerIndia
Indira Gandhi1966-1977; 1980-1984prime ministerIndia
Irakli Gharibashvili2013-prime ministerGeorgia
Isa Gambar1992presidentAzerbaijan(Yunis oglu)
Islam Karimov1990-presidentUzbekistan
Ivane Merabishvili2012prime ministerGeorgia(Vano)
Ivica Dačić2012-prime ministerSerbia
Ivica Račan2000-2003prime ministerCroatia
Ivo Josipović2010-2015presidentCroatia
Ivo Miro Jović2005-2006presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Ivo Sanader2003-2009prime ministerCroatia
Jaan Tõnisson1919-1920; 1920prime ministerEstonia
Jadranka Kosor2009-2011prime ministerCroatia
Jan Fischer2009-2010prime ministerCzech Republic
Janez Drnovšek1992-2002; 2002-2007prime minister; presidentSlovenia
Janez Janša2004-2008; 2012-2013prime ministerSlovenia(Ivan)
János Áder2012-presidentHungary
Jaume Bartumeu2009-2011prime ministerAndorra
Jawaharlal Nehru1947-1964prime ministerIndia
Xi Jinping2012-general secretaryChina
Hu Jintao2002-2012general secretaryChina
Jiří Paroubek2005-2006prime ministerCzech Republic
Jiří Rusnok2013-2014prime ministerCzech Republic
José P. Laurel1942-1944presidentPhilippines(Paciano)
Josef Tošovský1998prime ministerCzech Republic
Josep Pintat-Solans1984-1990prime ministerAndorra
Joseph Estrada1992-1998; 1998-2001presidentPhilippines
Joseph Stalin1922-1952; 1941-1953general secretary; premierSoviet Union(Ioseb, Iosif)
Josip Manolić1990-1991prime ministerCroatia
Jozo Križanović2001-2002presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
József Antall1990-1993prime ministerHungary
Juhan Parts2003-2005prime ministerEstonia
Jure Pelivan1992prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Jüri Uluots1940-1945prime ministerEstonia
Kaarel Eenpalu1938-1939prime ministerEstonia(Karl, August)
Khosrov Harutyunyan1992-1993prime ministerArmenia
Kiro Gligorov1991-1999presidentMacedonia
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović2015-presidentCroatia
Konstantin Chernenko1984-1985general secretarySoviet Union
Konstantin Päts1938-1940presidentEstonia
Lal Bahadur Shastri1964-1966prime ministerIndia
László Kövér2012presidentHungary
László Sólyom2005-2010presidentHungary
Lech Wałęsa1990-1995presidentPoland
Lennart Meri1992-2001presidentEstonia(Georg)
Leonid Brezhnev1964-1982general secretarySoviet Union
Levon Ter-Petrosyan1991-1998presidentArmenia
Ljubčo Georgievski1998-2002prime ministerMacedonia
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva2003-2011presidentBrazil
Makarios III1960-1974; 1974-1977presidentCyprus(Michail, Christodoulou)
Manmohan Singh2004-2014prime ministerIndia
Manuel L. Quezon1935-1944presidentPhilippines(Luis)
Manuel Roxas1946-1948presidentPhilippines
Marc Forné Molné1994-2005prime ministerAndorra
Mart Laar1999-2002prime ministerEstonia
Mart Siimann1997-1999prime ministerEstonia
Martin Raguž2000-2001prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Mary McAleese1997-2011presidentIreland
Mary Robinson1990-1997presidentIreland
Menachem Begin1977-1983prime ministerIsrael
Merab Chigoev1998-2001prime ministerSouth Ossetia
Michael D. Higgins2011-presidentIreland(Daniel)
Mikhail Chigir1994-1996prime ministerBelarus(Nikolayevich)
Mikhail Gorbachev1985-1991; 1990-1991general secretary; presidentSoviet Union
Mikhail Myasnikovich2010-prime ministerBelarus(Vladimirovich)
Mikheil Saakashvili2004-2007; 2008-2013presidentGeorgia
Milan Kučan1992-2002presidentSlovenia
Milan Milutinović1997-2002presidentSerbia
Milka Planinc1982-1986prime ministerYugoslavia
Milo Đukanović2012-prime ministerMontenegro
Milomir Minić2000-2001prime ministerSerbia
Miloš Zeman1998-2002; 2013-prime minister; presidentCzech Republic
Mirek Topolánek2006-2009prime ministerCzech Republic
Mirko Cvetković2008-2012prime ministerSerbia
Mirko Šarović2002-2003presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Miro Cerar2014-prime ministerSlovenia(Miroslav)
Morarji Desai1977-1979prime ministerIndia
Murman Omanidze1991prime ministerGeorgia
P. V. Narasimha Rao1991-1996prime ministerIndia
Narendra Modi2014-prime ministerIndia
Nazim al-Kudsi1961-1963presidentSyria
Nebojša Radmanović2006-2007; 2008-2009; 2010-2011; 2012-2013presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Nelson Mandela1994-1999presidentSouth Africa
Nicos Anastasiades2013-presidentCyprus
Nikica Valentić1993-1995prime ministerCroatia
Nikita Khrushchev1953-1964general secretarySoviet Union
Nikola Gruevski2006-prime ministerMacedonia
Nikola Kljusev1991-1992prime ministerMacedonia
Nikola Špirić2007-2012prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Nikoloz Gilauri2009-2012prime ministerGeorgia(Nika)
Nikoloz Lekishvili1995-1998prime ministerGeorgia(Niko)
Nino Burjanadze2003-2004; 2007-2008presidentGeorgia
Noe Ramishvili1918prime ministerGeorgia
Noe Zhordania1918-1921prime ministerGeorgia
Ǵorge Ivanov2009-presidentMacedonia(Đorge, Gjorge)
Òscar Ribas Reig1982-1984; 1990-1994prime ministerAndorra
Otar Patsatsia1993-1995prime ministerGeorgia
Otto Strandman1919prime ministerEstonia(August)
Otto Tief1944prime ministerEstonia
Pál Schmitt2010-2012presidentHungary
Panah Huseynov1993prime ministerAzerbaijan(Chodar oglu)
Pantelimon Erhan1917-1918prime ministerMoldova
Patrick Hillery1976-1990presidentIreland
Pere López Agràs2011prime ministerAndorra
Péter Boross1993-1994prime ministerHungary
Péter Medgyessy2002-2004prime ministerHungary
Petr Nečas2010-2013prime ministerCzech Republic
Radmila Šekerinska Jankovska2004prime ministerMacedonia
Rahim Huseynov1992-1993prime ministerAzerbaijan(Alihuseyn oglu)
Rajiv Gandhi1984-1989prime ministerIndia
Ramon Magsaysay1953-1957presidentPhilippines
Robert Kocharyan1992-1994; 1994-1997; 1997-1998; 1998-2008prime minister; presidentNagorno-Karabakh; Armenia
Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti1979-2003presidentIraq
Seán T. O'Kelly1945-1959presidentIreland(Thomas)
Sergei Sidorsky2003-2010prime ministerBelarus(Sergeevich)
Sergio Osmeña1944-1946presidentPhilippines
Serzh Sargsyan2007-2008; 2008-prime minister; presidentArmenia
Shimon Peres1977; 1984-1986; 1995-1996prime ministerIsrael(Szymon)
Shinzo Abe2006-2007; 2012-prime ministerJapan
Siim Kallas2002-2003prime ministerEstonia
Spyros Kyprianou1977-1988presidentCyprus(Achilleos)
Stanislav Gross2004-2005prime ministerCzech Republic
Stjepan Mesić2000-2010presidentCroatia(Stipe)
Sulejman Tihić2002-2006presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Surat Huseynov1993-1994prime ministerAzerbaijan(Davud oglu)
Taavi Rõivas2014-prime ministerEstonia
Tancrède Auguste1912-1913presidentHaiti
Tassos Papadopoulos2003-2008presidentCyprus(Efstathios, Nikolaou)
Tengiz Sigua1992-1993prime ministerGeorgia
Tigran Sargsyan2008-2014prime ministerArmenia
Tihomir Orešković2016-prime ministerCroatia
Tiit Vähi1992; 1995-1997prime ministerEstonia
Tomislav Nikolić2012-presidentSerbia
Toomas Hendrik Ilves2006-presidentEstonia
Václav Havel1989-1992; 1993-2003presidentCzechoslovakia; Czech Republic
Václav Klaus1992-1993; 1993-1998; 2003-2013prime minister; presidentCzech Republic
Vassiliki Thanou-Christophilou2015-prime ministerGreece
Vazgen Manukyan1990-1991prime ministerArmenia
Vazgen Sargsyan1999prime ministerArmenia
Vazha Lortkipanidze1998-2000prime ministerGeorgia
Viktor Orbán1998-2002; 2010-prime ministerHungary(Mihály)
Vintilă Brătianu1927-1928prime ministerRomania(Ion, Constantin)
Vishwanath Pratap Singh1989-1990prime ministerIndia
Vjekoslav Bevanda2012-prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Vladimer Gurgenidze2007-2008prime ministerGeorgia(Lado)
Vladimir Lenin1917-1924premierSoviet Union
Vladimir Putin2000-2008; 2008-2012; 2012-prime minister; presidentRussia
Vladimír Špidla2002-2004prime ministerCzech Republic
Vladimir Yermoshin2000-2001prime ministerBelarus(Vasilyevich)
Vlado Bučkovski2004-2006prime ministerMacedonia
Vojislav Koštunica2004-2008prime ministerSerbia
Vyacheslav Kebich1991-1994prime ministerBelarus(Frantsevich)
Deng Xiaoping1978-1992leaderChina
Yagub Mammadov1992presidentAzerbaijan(Yaqub, Javad oglu)
Hu Yaobang1981-1982; 1982-1987chairman; general secretaryChina
Yitzhak Rabin1974-1977; 1992-1995prime ministerIsrael
Yuri Andropov1982-1984general secretarySoviet Union(Yuriy)
Mao Zedong1949-1976chairmanChina
Željko Komšić2007-2008; 2009-2010; 2011-2012; 2013-2014presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Jiang Zemin1989-2002general secretaryChina
Živko Radišić1998-2002presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Zhao Ziyang1987-1989general secretaryChina
Zlatko Lagumdžija2001-2002prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Zlatko Mateša1995-2000prime ministerCroatia
Zoran Đinđić2001-2003prime ministerSerbia
Zoran Milanović2011-2016prime ministerCroatia
Zoran Živković2003-2004prime ministerSerbia
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto1971-1973; 1973-1977president; prime ministerPakistan
Zurab Noghaideli2005-2007prime ministerGeorgia
Zurab Zhvania2004-2005prime ministerGeorgia
Zviad Gamsakhurdia1991-1992presidentGeorgia
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