Other Leaders

This list is made up of heads of state not included in the other lists.
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NameYearsTypePlaceOther Names
Abdullah Gül2002-2003; 2007-prime minister; presidentTurkey
Abraham Berge1923-1924prime ministerNorway(Theodor)
Abulfaz Elchibey1992-1993presidentAzerbaijan(Qadirqulu oglu)
Achille Van Acker1945-1946; 1946; 1954-1958prime ministerBelgium(Honoré)
Adam Wilhelm Moltke1848-1852prime ministerDenmark
Adil Çarçani1981-1991prime ministerAlbania
Adnan Menderes1950-1960prime ministerTurkey
Adnan Terzić2002-2007prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Ado Birk1920prime ministerEstonia
Adolf Schärf1957-1965presidentAustria
Adolphe Thiers1836; 1840prime ministerFrance(Marie, Joseph, Louis)
Ahmet Necdet Sezer2000-2007presidentTurkey
Ahmet Zogu1922-1924; 1925-1928prime minister; presidentAlbania(Zog, Muhtar)
Alain Juppé1995-1997prime ministerFrance(Marie)
Albert de Broglie1873-1874; 1877prime ministerFrance(Jacques, Victor)
Albert Joseph Goblet d'Alviella1832-1834prime ministerBelgium
Albert Pintat2005-2009prime ministerAndorra
Albert Sarraut1933; 1936prime ministerFrance(Pierre)
Aleksandar Malinov1908-1911; 1918; 1931prime ministerBulgaria(Pavlov)
Aleksandar Stamboliyski1919-1923prime ministerBulgaria
Aleksandër Meksi1992-1997prime ministerAlbania(Gabriel)
Aleksander Tsankov1923-1926prime ministerBulgaria(Tsolov)
Alenka Bratušek2013-2014prime ministerSlovenia
Alexander Lukashenko1994-presidentBelarus(Grigoryevich)
Alexandre Millerand1920prime ministerFrance
Alexandre Ribot1892-1893; 1895; 1914; 1917prime ministerFrance(Félix, Joseph)
Alfons Gorbach1961-1964chancellorAustria
Alfred Gusenbauer2007-2008chancellorAustria
Alfred Moisiu2002-2007presidentAlbania(Spiro)
Ali Masimov1993prime ministerAzerbaijan(Ahmad oglu)
Alija Izetbegović1990-1996presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Alojz Peterle1990-1992prime ministerSlovenia(Lojze)
Aloys Van de Vyvere1925prime ministerBelgium(Jean, Maria, Joseph)
Alphonse Henri d'Hautpoul1849-1851prime ministerFrance
Anders Sandøe Ørsted1853-1854prime ministerDenmark
Anders Fogh Rasmussen2001-2009prime ministerDenmark
Andranik Margaryan2000-2007prime ministerArmenia
André Marie1948prime ministerFrance
André Tardieu1929-1930; 1930; 1932prime ministerFrance(Pierre, Gabriel, Amédée)
Andrej Bajuk2000prime ministerSlovenia
Andres Tarand1994-1995prime ministerEstonia
Andrey Lukanov1990prime ministerBulgaria(Karlov)
Andrey Lyapchev1926-1931prime ministerBulgaria(Tasev)
Andrey Toshev1935prime ministerBulgaria(Slavov)
Andrus Ansip2005-2014prime ministerEstonia
Anker Jørgensen1972-1973; 1975-1982prime ministerDenmark(Henrik)
Ante Jelavić1998-2001presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Antoine Pinay1952-1953prime ministerFrance
Anton Rop2002-2004prime ministerSlovenia
Anton Yugov1956-1962prime ministerBulgaria(Tanev)
Antoni Martí2011-prime ministerAndorra
Antonis Samaras2012-prime ministerGreece
Ants Piip1920-1921prime ministerEstonia
Anwar Sadat1970-1981presidentEgypt(Mohamed)
Aram Sargsyan1999-2000prime ministerArmenia
Aristide Briand1909-1911; 1913; 1915-1917; 1921-1922; 1925-1926; 1929prime ministerFrance
Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu1815-1818; 1820-1821prime ministerFrance(Sophie, Septimanie)
Armand Fallières1883prime ministerFrance(Clément)
Armen Darbinyan1998-1999prime ministerArmenia
Armen Sargsyan1996-1997prime ministerArmenia
Arnold Rüütel2001-2006presidentEstonia
Árpád Göncz1990-2000presidentHungary
Arthur Seyss-Inquart1938chancellorAustria
Artur Rasizade1996-2003; 2003-prime ministerAzerbaijan(Tahir oğlu)
Arvid Lindman1906-1911; 1928-1930prime ministerSweden(Salomon, Achates)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee1996; 1998-2004prime ministerIndia
Auguste Marie François Beernaert1884-1894prime ministerBelgium
Avtandil Jorbenadze2001-2003prime ministerGeorgia
Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp1936prime ministerSweden(Alarik)
Ayaz Mutallibov1991-1992presidentAzerbaijan(Niyazi oglu)
Bakir Izetbegović2012; 2014-presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Bamir Topi2007-2012presidentAlbania(Myrteza)
Barbu Catargiu1862prime ministerRomania
Barbu Ştirbey1927-prime ministerRomania
Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt1834-1840; 1846-1847; 1871-1874prime ministerBelgium(Théodore)
Bashkim Fino1997prime ministerAlbania
Bechara El Khoury1927-1928; 1929; 1943-1952prime minister; presidentLebanon
Benazir Bhutto1988-1990; 1993-1996prime ministerPakistan
Benito Mussolini1922-1943prime ministerItaly
Beriz Belkić2001-2002presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Bernardin Mungul Diaka1991prime ministerZaire
Besarion Gugushvili1991-1992prime ministerGeorgia(Bessarion)
Bidzina Ivanishvili2012-2013prime ministerGeorgia
Bogdan Filov1940-1943prime ministerBulgaria(Dimitrov)
Bohuslav Sobotka2014-prime ministerCzech Republic
Boris Tadić2004-2012presidentSerbia
Boris Trajkovski1999-2004presidentMacedonia
Boris Yeltsin1991-1999presidentRussia
Borislav Paravac2003-2006presidentBosnia and Herzegovina(Boro)
Borut Pahor2008-2012; 2012-prime minister; presidentSlovenia
Boyko Borisov2009-2013prime ministerBulgaria(Metodiev)
Božidar Matić2001prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Branko Crvenkovski1992-1998; 2002-2004; 2004-2009prime minister; presidentMacedonia
Bruno Kreisky1970-1983chancellorAustria
Bujar Nishani2012-presidentAlbania(Faik)
Bülend Ulusu1980-1983prime ministerTurkey(Saim)
Bülent Ecevit1974; 1977; 1978-1979; 1999-2002prime ministerTurkey(Mustafa)
Camille Chautemps1930; 1933-1934; 1937-1938prime ministerFrance
Camille Huysmans1946-1947prime ministerBelgium(Jean, Joseph)
Carl Christoffer Georg Andræ1856-1857prime ministerDenmark
Carl Bildt1991-1994prime ministerSweden(Nils, Daniel)
Carl Gustaf Ekman1926-1928; 1930-1932prime ministerSweden
Carl Christian Hall1857-1859; 1860-1863prime ministerDenmark
Carl Edvard Rotwitt1859-1860prime ministerDenmark
Carl Swartz1917prime ministerSweden(Johan, Gustaf)
Carl Vaugoin1930chancellorAustria
Carl Theodor Zahle1909-1910; 1913-1920prime ministerDenmark
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi1993-1994prime ministerItaly
Casimir Pierre Périer1831-1832prime ministerFrance
Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh1974-1976presidentIreland
Celâl Bayar1937-1939; 1950-1960prime minister; presidentTurkey(Mahmut)
Cemal Gürsel1960-1961; 1960-1966prime minister; presidentTurkey
Cevdet Sunay1966-1973presidentTurkey
Chandra Shekhar1990-1991prime ministerIndia
Charan Singh1979-1980prime ministerIndia
Charles Cousin-Montauban, Comte de Palikao1870prime ministerFrance(Guillaume, Marie, Appollinaire, Antoine)
Charles de Broqueville1911-1918; 1932-1934prime ministerBelgium(Marie, Pierre, Albert)
Charles de Freycinet1879-1880; 1882; 1886; 1890-1892prime ministerFrance(Louis)
Charles de Gaulle1958-1959prime ministerFrance(André, Joseph, Marie)
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord1815prime ministerFrance
Charles Duclerc1882-1883prime ministerFrance(Théodore, Eugène)
Charles Dupuy1893; 1894-1895; 1898-1899prime ministerFrance(Alexandre)
Charles Floquet1888-1889prime ministerFrance(Thomas)
Charles Rogier1847-1852; 1857-1868prime ministerBelgium(Latour)
Christen Andreas Fonnesbech1874-1875prime ministerDenmark
Christian Albrecht Bluhme1852-1853prime ministerDenmark
Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs1865-1870prime ministerDenmark
Christian Michelsen1905-1907prime ministerNorway(Peter, Hersleb, Kjerschow)
Christian Wulff2010-2012presidentGermany(Wilhelm, Walter)
Christopher Hornsrud1928prime ministerNorway(Andersen)
Crin Antonescu2012presidentRomania(George, Laurențiu)
Kim Dae-jung1998-2003presidentSouth Korea
Danilo Türk2007-2012presidentSlovenia
Demetris Christofias2008-2013presidentCyprus(Dimitris)
Derviş Eroğlu1985-1994; 1996-2004; 2009-2010; 2010-prime minister; presidentNorthern Cyprus
H. D. Deve Gowda1996-1997prime ministerIndia
Dilma Rousseff2011-presidentBrazil
Dimitar Grekov1899prime ministerBulgaria(Panayotov)
Dimitar Petkov1906-1907prime ministerBulgaria(Nikolov)
Dimitar Iliev Popov1990-1991prime ministerBulgaria
Dimitar Stanchov1907prime ministerBulgaria(Dimitri, Yanev)
Ditlev Gothard Monrad1863-1864prime ministerDenmark
Dobri Bozhilov1943-1944prime ministerBulgaria
Dominique de Villepin2005-2007prime ministerFrance(Marie, François, René)
Douglas Hyde1938-1945presidentIreland
Dragan Čović2002-2005presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Dragan Mikerević2002chairmanBosnia and Herzegovina
Dragan Tsankov1880; 1883-1884prime ministerBulgaria(Kiriakov)
Éamon de Valera1959-1973presidentIreland
Edgar Faure1952; 1955-1956prime ministerFrance
Edgar Savisaar1991-1992prime ministerEstonia
Edi Rama2013-prime ministerAlbania
Édith Cresson1991-1992prime ministerFrance
Edmond Leburton1973-1974prime ministerBelgium(Jules, Isidore)
Édouard Balladur1993-1995prime ministerFrance
Édouard Daladier1933; 1934; 1938-1940prime ministerFrance
Édouard Herriot1924-1925; 1926; 1932prime ministerFrance(Marie)
Édouard Mortier, duc de Trévise1834-1835prime ministerFrance(Adolphe, Casimir, Joseph)
Eduard Shevardnadze1993; 1995-2003prime minister; presidentGeorgia
Einar Gerhardsen1945-1951; 1955-1963; 1963-1965prime ministerNorway(Henry)
Élie, duc Decazes1819-1820prime ministerFrance
Elio Di Rupo2011-prime ministerBelgium
Émile Combes1902-1905prime ministerFrance(Justin, Louis)
Émile Loubet1892prime ministerFrance(François)
Émile Ollivier1869-1870prime ministerFrance(Olivier)
Emin Fahrettin Özdilek1961prime ministerTurkey
Engelbert Dollfuss1932-1934chancellorAustria
Enrico Letta2013-2014prime ministerItaly
Enver Hoxha1944-1954prime ministerAlbania(Halil)
Eqrem Libohova1943prime ministerAlbania
Erik Eriksen1950-1953prime ministerDenmark
Erik Scavenius1942-1943prime ministerDenmark(Julius, Christian)
Erna Solberg2013-prime ministerNorway
Ernest Courtot de Cissey1874-1875prime ministerFrance(Louis, Octave)
Ernest Monis1911prime ministerFrance(Antoine, Emmanuel)
Ernst Streeruwitz1929-chancellorAustria
Ernst Trygger1923-1924prime ministerSweden
Erskine H. Childers1973-1974presidentIreland(Hamilton)
Essad Pasha Toptani1914-1916prime ministerAlbania(Esad)
Étienne Constantin de Gerlache1831prime ministerBelgium
Étienne Maurice Gérard1834prime ministerFrance
Fahri Korutürk1976-1980presidentTurkey(Sabit)
Fan Noli1924prime ministerAlbania(Theofan, Stilian)
Fatos Nano1991; 1997-1998; 2002-2005prime ministerAlbania(Thanas)
Fejzi Alizoti1914prime ministerAlbania
Felix de Muelenaere1831-1832prime ministerBelgium(Amandus)
Félix Gaillard1957-1958prime ministerFrance
Felix Hamrin1932prime ministerSweden(Teodor)
Ferdinand Sarrien1906prime ministerFrance(Jean, Marie)
Ferenc Gyurcsány2004-2009prime ministerHungary
Ferenc Mádl2000-2005presidentHungary
Ferit Melen1972-1973prime ministerTurkey(Sadi)
Fernand Bouisson1935prime ministerFrance
Fethi Okyar1923; 1924-1925prime ministerTurkey(Ali)
Fidel Castro1976-2008presidentCuba
Filip Vujanović2003-presidentMontenegro
Firuz Mustafayev1992prime ministerAzerbaijan(Feyruz, Rajab oglu)
Francisco Franco1939-1975leaderSpain
François Arago1848prime ministerFrance(Dominique, Jean)
François Fillon2007-2012prime ministerFrance(Charles, Armand)
François Guizot1847-1848prime ministerFrance(Pierre, Guillaume)
Franjo Gregurić1991-1992prime ministerCroatia
Franjo Tuđman1990-1999presidentCroatia
Frans Schollaert1908-1911prime ministerBelgium(Victor, Marie, Ghislain)
Franz Jonas1965-1974presidentAustria(Josef)
Franz Vranitzky1986-1997chancellorAustria
Fred Sinowatz1983-1986chancellorAustria(Alfred)
Frédéric François-Marsal1924prime ministerFrance
F. W. de Klerk1989-1994presidentSouth Africa(Frederik, Willem)
Fredrik Reinfeldt2006-prime ministerSweden(John)
Fuad Guliyev1995-1996prime ministerAzerbaijan(Khalil oglu)
Gaëtan de Rochebouët1877prime ministerFrance
Gagik Harutyunyan1991-1992prime ministerArmenia
Gaston Doumergue1913-1914; 1934prime ministerFrance(Pierre, Paul, Henri)
Gaston Eyskens1949-1950; 1958-1961; 1968-1973prime ministerBelgium(François, Marie)
Gennady Novitsky2001-2003prime ministerBelarus(Vasilyevich)
George Vasiliou1988-1993presidentCyprus(Georgios, Vasos)
Georges Bidault1949-1950prime ministerFrance(Augustin)
Georges Clemenceau1906-1909; 1917-1920prime ministerFrance(Benjamin)
Georges Leygues1920-1921prime ministerFrance
Georges Pompidou1962-1968prime ministerFrance(Jean, Raymond)
Georges Theunis1921-1925; 1934-1935prime ministerBelgium(Emile, Léonard)
Georgi Atanasov1986-1990prime ministerBulgaria(Ivanov)
Georgi Bliznashki2014-prime ministerBulgaria
Georgi Dimitrov1946-1949prime ministerBulgaria
Georgi Kyoseivanov1935-1940prime ministerBulgaria(Ivanov)
Georgi Parvanov2002-2012presidentBulgaria(Sedefchov)
Georgiy Malenkov1953general secretarySoviet Union(Georgy)
Gérard Cooreman1918prime ministerBelgium(François, Marie)
Giorgi Arsenishvili2000-2001prime ministerGeorgia(Gia)
Giorgi Margvelashvili2013-presidentGeorgia
Giuliano Amato1992-1993; 2000-2001prime ministerItaly
Glafcos Clerides1993-2003presidentCyprus(Ioannou)
Göran Persson1996-2006prime ministerSweden(Hans)
Gordon Bajnai2009-2010prime ministerHungary(György)
Grigol Mgaloblishvili2008-2009prime ministerGeorgia
Grisha Filipov1981-1986prime ministerBulgaria(Georgi, Stanchev)
Gro Harlem Brundtland1981; 1986-1989; 1990-1996prime ministerNorway
Gunnar Knudsen1908-1910; 1913-1920prime ministerNorway(Aanon, Gunerius)
Hua Guofeng1976-1981chairmanChina
Gustav Heinemann1969-1974presidentGermany(Walter)
Guy Mollet1956-1957prime ministerFrance
Guy Verhofstadt1999-2008prime ministerBelgium(Maurice, Marie, Louise)
Gyula Horn1994-1998prime ministerHungary
Hannibal Sehested1900-1901prime ministerDenmark
H. C. Hansen1955-1960prime ministerDenmark(Hans, Christian, Svane)
Hans Hedtoft1947-1950; 1953-1955prime ministerDenmark
Hari Kostov2004prime ministerMacedonia
Haris Silajdžić1993-1996; 1997-2000prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Hasan Hasanov1990-1992prime ministerAzerbaijan(Aziz oglu)
Hasan Muratović1996-1997prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Hasan Prishtina1921prime ministerAlbania
Hasan Saka1947-1949prime ministerTurkey
Heinrich Lübke1959-1969presidentGermany(Karl)
Heinrich Mark1990-1992prime ministerEstonia
Heinz Fischer2004-presidentAustria
Helle Thorning-Schmidt2011-prime ministerDenmark
Henri Brisson1885-1886; 1898prime ministerFrance(Eugène)
Henri Carton de Wiart1920-1921prime ministerBelgium(Victor, Marie, Ghislain)
Henri de Brouckère1852-1855prime ministerBelgium(Ghislain, Joseph, Marie, Hyacinthe)
Henri Jaspar1926-1931prime ministerBelgium
Henri Queuille1948-1949; 1950; 1951prime ministerFrance
Herman Van Rompuy2008-2009prime ministerBelgium(Achille)
Heydar Aliyev1993-2003presidentAzerbaijan(Geydar, Alirza oglu)
Hilmar Baunsgaard1968-1971prime ministerDenmark(Tormod, Ingolf)
Hjalmar Branting1920; 1921-1923; 1924-1925prime ministerSweden(Karl)
Hjalmar Hammarskjöld1914-1917prime ministerSweden(Knut, Leonard)
Horst Köhler2004-2010presidentGermany
Hovik Abrahamyan2014-prime ministerArmenia(Argami)
Hrant Bagratyan1993-1996prime ministerArmenia
Hrvoje Šarinić1992-1993prime ministerCroatia
Hubert Pierlot1939-1945prime ministerBelgium(Marie, Eugène)
Hugo Egmont Hørring1897-1900prime ministerDenmark
Hugues-Bernard Maret, duc de Bassano1834prime ministerFrance
Ibrahim Biçakçiu1944prime ministerAlbania
Idhomene Kosturi1921prime ministerAlbania
Idi Amin1971-1979presidentUganda
Ignaz Seipel1922-1924; 1926-1929chancellorAustria
Igor Lukšić2010-2012prime ministerMontenegro
Ilham Aliyev2003; 2003-prime minister; presidentAzerbaijan(Heydar oglu)
Iliaz Vrioni1920-1921; 1924; 1924-1925prime ministerAlbania
Ilir Meta1999-2002prime ministerAlbania
Inder Kumar Gujral1997-1998prime ministerIndia
Indira Gandhi1966-1977; 1980-1984prime ministerIndia
Ingvar Carlsson1986-1991; 1994-1996prime ministerSweden(Gösta)
Irakli Gharibashvili2013-prime ministerGeorgia
Isa Gambar1992presidentAzerbaijan(Yunis oglu)
Islam Karimov1990-presidentUzbekistan
Ismail Qemali1912-1914prime ministerAlbania(Qemal)
İsmet İnönü1923-1924; 1925-1937; 1938-1950; 1961-1965president; prime ministerTurkey(Mustafa)
Ivan Ivanov Bagryanov1944prime ministerBulgaria
Ivan Evstratiev Geshov1911-1913prime ministerBulgaria
Ivan Kostov1997-2001prime ministerBulgaria(Yordanov)
Ivane Merabishvili2012prime ministerGeorgia(Vano)
Ivar Lykke1926-1928prime ministerNorway
Ivica Dačić2012-prime ministerSerbia
Ivica Račan2000-2003prime ministerCroatia
Ivo Josipović2010-2015presidentCroatia
Ivo Miro Jović2005-2006presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Ivo Sanader2003-2009prime ministerCroatia
Jaan Tõnisson1919-1920; 1920prime ministerEstonia
Jacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup1875-1894prime ministerDenmark
Jacques Chaban-Delmas1969-1972prime ministerFrance
Jacques Chirac1974-1976; 1986-1988prime ministerFrance(René)
Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure1848prime ministerFrance
Jacques Laffitte1830-1831prime ministerFrance
Jadranka Kosor2009-2011prime ministerCroatia
Jan Fischer2009-2010prime ministerCzech Republic
Jan P. Syse1989-1990prime ministerNorway(Peder)
Janez Drnovšek1992-2002; 2002-2007prime minister; presidentSlovenia
Janez Janša2004-2008; 2012-2013prime ministerSlovenia(Ivan)
János Áder2012-presidentHungary
Jaume Bartumeu2009-2011prime ministerAndorra
Jawaharlal Nehru1947-1964prime ministerIndia
Jean-Joseph , Marquis Dessolles1818-1819prime ministerFrance(Paul, Augustin)
Jean-Marc Ayrault2012-2014prime ministerFrance
Jean Casimir-Perier1893-1894prime ministerFrance(Paul, Pierre)
Jean-Luc Dehaene1992-1999prime ministerBelgium(Joseph, Marie)
Jean Duvieusart1950prime ministerBelgium(Pierre)
Jean Baptiste Gay, vicomte de Martignac1828-1829prime ministerFrance(Sylvère)
Jean-Baptiste Nothomb1841-1845prime ministerBelgium
Jean-Pierre Raffarin2002-2005prime ministerFrance
Jean-de-Dieu Soult1832-1834; 1839-1840; 1840-1847prime ministerFrance(Nicolas)
Jean Van Houtte1952-1954prime ministerBelgium(Marie, Joseph)
Jean-Baptiste de Villèle1821-1828prime ministerFrance
Jens Bratlie1912-1913prime ministerNorway(Kristian, Meinich)
Jens Christian Christensen1905-1908prime ministerDenmark
Jens Hundseid1932-1933prime ministerNorway(Valentinsen)
Jens Otto Krag1962-1968; 1971-1972prime ministerDenmark
Jens Stoltenberg2000-2001; 2005-2013prime ministerNorway
Xi Jinping2012-general secretaryChina
Hu Jintao2002-2012general secretaryChina
Jiří Paroubek2005-2006prime ministerCzech Republic
Jiří Rusnok2013-2014prime ministerCzech Republic
Joachim Gauck2012-presidentGermany
Johan Henrik Deuntzer1901-1905prime ministerDenmark
Johan Ludwig Mowinckel1924-1926; 1928-1931; 1933-1935prime ministerNorway
Johan Nygaardsvold1935-1945prime ministerNorway
Johann Schober1921-1922; 1922; 1929-1930chancellorAustria
Johannes Rau1999-2004presidentGermany
John Casimir Ehrnrooth1881prime ministerBulgaria(Johan, Gustavovich)
John Lyng1963prime ministerNorway(Daniel)
Jørgen Løvland1907-1908prime ministerNorway(Gunnarson)
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero2004-2011prime ministerSpain
Josef Klaus1964-1970chancellorAustria
Josef Tošovský1998prime ministerCzech Republic
Josep Pintat-Solans1984-1990prime ministerAndorra
Joseph Caillaux1911-1912prime ministerFrance(Marie, Auguste)
Joseph Laniel1953-1954prime ministerFrance
Joseph Lebeau1831; 1840-1841prime ministerBelgium(Jean, Louis)
Joseph Paul-Boncour1932-1933prime ministerFrance(Augustin, Alfred)
Joseph Pholien1950-1952prime ministerBelgium(Clovis, Louis, Marie, Emmanuel)
Joseph Stalin1922-1952; 1941-1953general secretary; premierSoviet Union(Ioseb, Iosif)
Josip Manolić1990-1991prime ministerCroatia
Jozo Križanović2001-2002presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
József Antall1990-1993prime ministerHungary
Juhan Parts2003-2005prime ministerEstonia
Jules d'Anethan1870-1871prime ministerBelgium(Joseph)
Jules de Burlet1894-1896prime ministerBelgium(Philippe, Marie)
Jules de Trooz1907prime ministerBelgium(Henri, Ghislain, Marie)
Jules Armand Dufaure1871-1873; 1876; 1877-1879prime ministerFrance(Stanislas)
Jules Ferry1880-1881; 1883-1885prime ministerFrance(François, Camille)
Jules Malou1874-1878; 1884prime ministerBelgium(Edouard, Xavier)
Jules Méline1896-1898prime ministerFrance(Félix)
Jules de Polignac1829-1830prime ministerFrance
Jules Renkin1931-1932prime ministerBelgium(Laurent, Jean, Louis)
Jules Simon1876-1877prime ministerFrance(François)
Jules Vandenpeereboom1899prime ministerBelgium(Henri, Pierre, François)
Julius Raab1953-1961chancellorAustria
Jure Pelivan1992prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Jüri Uluots1940-1945prime ministerEstonia
Kaarel Eenpalu1938-1939prime ministerEstonia(Karl, August)
Kåre Willoch1981-1986prime ministerNorway(Isaachsen)
Karl Buresch1931-1932chancellorAustria
Karl Carstens1979-1984presidentGermany
Karl Renner1918-1920; 1945; 1945-1950chancellor; presidentAustria
Karl Seitz1919-1920presidentAustria(Josef)
Karl Staaff1905-1906; 1911-1914prime ministerSweden(Albert)
Kenan Evren1980-1989presidentTurkey
Khosrov Harutyunyan1992-1993prime ministerArmenia
Kimon Georgiev1934-1935; 1944-1946prime ministerBulgaria
Kiro Gligorov1991-1999presidentMacedonia
Kjell Magne Bondevik1997-2000; 2001-2005prime ministerNorway
Klaus Berntsen1910-1913prime ministerDenmark
Kliment of Tarnovo1879-1880; 1886prime ministerBulgaria(Vasil, Nikolov)
Knud Kristensen1945-1947prime ministerDenmark
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović2015-presidentCroatia
Konstantin Chernenko1984-1985general secretarySoviet Union
Konstantin Muraviev1944prime ministerBulgaria(Vladov)
Konstantin Päts1938-1940presidentEstonia
Konstantin Stoilov1887; 1894-1899prime ministerBulgaria
Kostaq Kota1928-1930; 1936-1939prime ministerAlbania
Kurt Schuschnigg1934-1938chancellorAustria(Alois, Josef, Johann)
Kurt Waldheim1986-1992presidentAustria(Josef)
Lal Bahadur Shastri1964-1966prime ministerIndia
Lamberto Dini1995-1996prime ministerItaly
Lars Korvald1972-1973prime ministerNorway
Lars Løkke Rasmussen2009-2011prime ministerDenmark
László Kövér2012presidentHungary
László Sólyom2005-2010presidentHungary
Laurent Fabius1984-1986prime ministerFrance
Lech Wałęsa1990-1995presidentPoland
Lennart Meri1992-2001presidentEstonia(Georg)
Leo Tindemans1974-1978prime ministerBelgium(Leonard, Clemence)
Léon Blum1936-1937; 1938; 1946-1947prime ministerFrance(André)
Léon Bourgeois1895-1896prime ministerFrance(Victor, Auguste)
Léon Delacroix1918-1920prime ministerBelgium(Frédéric, Gustave)
Léon Faucher1851prime ministerFrance(Léonard, Joseph)
Léon Gambetta1881-1882prime ministerFrance
Leonid Brezhnev1964-1982general secretarySoviet Union
Leonid Sobolev1882-1883prime ministerBulgaria(Nikolayevich)
Leopold Figl1945-1953chancellorAustria
Levon Ter-Petrosyan1991-1998presidentArmenia
Lionel Jospin1997-2002prime ministerFrance
Ljubčo Georgievski1998-2002prime ministerMacedonia
Louis Barthou1913prime ministerFrance(Jean)
Louis Buffet1875-1876prime ministerFrance(Joseph)
Louis-Eugène Cavaignac1848prime ministerFrance
Louis De Geer1920-1921prime ministerSweden(Gerhard)
Louis-Mathieu Molé1836-1839; 1848prime ministerFrance
Louis-Jules Trochu1870-1871prime ministerFrance
Ludvig Holstein-Holsteinborg1870-1874prime ministerDenmark(Henrik, Carl, Herman)
Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg1909prime ministerDenmark(Johan, Carl, Christian, Tido)
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva2003-2011presidentBrazil
Lyuben Berov1992-1994prime ministerBulgaria(Borisov)
Makarios III1960-1974; 1974-1977presidentCyprus(Michail, Christodoulou)
Maliq Bushati1943prime ministerAlbania
Manmohan Singh2004-2014prime ministerIndia
Manuel Valls2014-prime ministerFrance(Carlos)
Marc Forné Molné1994-2005prime ministerAndorra
Mariano Rajoy2011-prime ministerSpain
Marin Raykov2013prime ministerBulgaria
Mario Monti2011-2013prime ministerItaly
Mark Eyskens1981prime ministerBelgium(Marc, Maria, Frans)
Mart Laar1999-2002prime ministerEstonia
Mart Siimann1997-1999prime ministerEstonia
Martin Raguž2000-2001prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Mary McAleese1997-2011presidentIreland
Mary Robinson1990-1997presidentIreland
Massimo D'Alema1998-2000prime ministerItaly
Matteo Renzi2014-prime ministerItaly
Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury1957prime ministerFrance(Jean, Marie)
Maurice Couve de Murville1968-1969prime ministerFrance
Maurice Rouvier1887; 1905-1906prime ministerFrance
Mehdi Frashëri1935-1936; 1943prime ministerAlbania
Mehmet Shehu1954-1981prime ministerAlbania(Ismail)
Menachem Begin1977-1983prime ministerIsrael
Mesut Yılmaz1991; 1996; 1997-1999prime ministerTurkey(Ahmet)
Michael Pedersen Friis1920prime ministerDenmark
Michael Hainisch1920-1928presidentAustria(Arthur, Josef, Jakob)
Michael D. Higgins2011-presidentIreland(Daniel)
Michael Mayr1920-1921chancellorAustria
Michel Debré1959-1962prime ministerFrance(Jean, Pierre)
Michel Rocard1988-1991prime ministerFrance
Mikhail Chigir1994-1996prime ministerBelarus(Nikolayevich)
Mikhail Gorbachev1985-1991; 1990-1991general secretary; presidentSoviet Union
Mikhail Myasnikovich2010-prime ministerBelarus(Vladimirovich)
Mikheil Saakashvili2004-2007; 2008-2013presidentGeorgia
Milan Kučan1992-2002presidentSlovenia
Milan Milutinović1997-2002presidentSerbia
Milka Planinc1982-1986prime ministerYugoslavia
Milo Đukanović2012-prime ministerMontenegro
Milomir Minić2000-2001prime ministerSerbia
Miloš Zeman1998-2002; 2013-prime minister; presidentCzech Republic
Mirek Topolánek2006-2009prime ministerCzech Republic
Mirko Cvetković2008-2012prime ministerSerbia
Mirko Šarović2002-2003presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Miro Cerar2014-prime ministerSlovenia(Miroslav)
Morarji Desai1977-1979prime ministerIndia
Murman Omanidze1991prime ministerGeorgia
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk1920-1921; 1923-1938prime minister; presidentTurkey
Mustafa Merlika-Kruja1941-1943prime ministerAlbania
Naim Talu1973-1974prime ministerTurkey(Mehmet)
P. V. Narasimha Rao1991-1996prime ministerIndia
Narendra Modi2014-prime ministerIndia
Nazim al-Kudsi1961-1963presidentSyria
Nebojša Radmanović2006-2007; 2008-2009; 2010-2011; 2012-2013presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Necmettin Erbakan1996-1997prime ministerTurkey
Nelson Mandela1994-1999presidentSouth Africa
Nicos Anastasiades2013-presidentCyprus
Niels Neergaard1908-1909; 1920-1924prime ministerDenmark(Thomasius)
Nihat Erim1971-1972prime ministerTurkey(Ismail)
Nikica Valentić1993-1995prime ministerCroatia
Nikita Khrushchev1953-1964general secretarySoviet Union
Nikola Gruevski2006-prime ministerMacedonia
Nikola Kljusev1991-1992prime ministerMacedonia
Nikola Mushanov1931-1934prime ministerBulgaria(Stoykov)
Nikola Špirić2007-2012prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Nikolai Todorov1990presidentBulgaria
Nikoloz Gilauri2009-2012prime ministerGeorgia(Nika)
Nikoloz Lekishvili1995-1998prime ministerGeorgia(Niko)
Nils Edén1917-1920prime ministerSweden
Nino Burjanadze2003-2004; 2007-2008presidentGeorgia
Noe Ramishvili1918prime ministerGeorgia
Noe Zhordania1918-1921prime ministerGeorgia
Odilon Barrot1848-1849prime ministerFrance(Camille, Hyacinthe)
Odvar Nordli1976-1981prime ministerNorway
Ola Ullsten1978-1979prime ministerSweden(Stig, Kjell, Olof)
Olof Palme1969-1976; 1982-1986prime ministerSweden(Sven, Joachim)
Omer Nishani1946-1953presidentAlbania
Ǵorge Ivanov2009-presidentMacedonia(Đorge, Gjorge)
Òscar Ribas Reig1982-1984; 1990-1994prime ministerAndorra
Oscar Torp1951-1955prime ministerNorway(Fredrik)
Oscar von Sydow1921prime ministerSweden(Fredrik)
Otar Patsatsia1993-1995prime ministerGeorgia
Otto Blehr1921-1923prime ministerNorway(Albert)
Otto Ender1930-1931chancellorAustria
Otto B. Halvorsen1920-1921; 1923prime ministerNorway(Bahr)
Otto Liebe1920prime ministerDenmark(Carl, Julius)
Otto Strandman1919prime ministerEstonia(August)
Otto Tief1944prime ministerEstonia
Pál Schmitt2010-2012presidentHungary
Panah Huseynov1993prime ministerAzerbaijan(Chodar oglu)
Pandeli Evangjeli1921prime ministerAlbania
Pandeli Majko1998-1999; 2002prime ministerAlbania
Pantelimon Erhan1917-1918prime ministerMoldova
Patrick Hillery1976-1990presidentIreland
Paul de Smet de Naeyer1896-1899; 1899-1907prime ministerBelgium(Joseph)
Paul-Émile Janson1937-1938prime ministerBelgium
Paul Painlevé1917; 1925prime ministerFrance
Paul Ramadier1947prime ministerFrance
Paul Reynaud1940prime ministerFrance
Paul-Henri Spaak1938-1939; 1946; 1947-1949prime ministerBelgium(Charles)
Paul Vanden Boeynants1966-1968; 1978-1979prime ministerBelgium(Emile, François, Henri)
Paul van Zeeland1935-1937prime ministerBelgium(Guillaume)
Peder Kolstad1931-1932prime ministerNorway(Ludvik)
Pencho Zlatev1935prime ministerBulgaria(Petko, Ivanov)
Per Borten1965-1971prime ministerNorway
Per Albin Hansson1932-1936; 1936-1946prime ministerSweden
Pere López Agràs2011prime ministerAndorra
Petar Gabrovski1943prime ministerBulgaria(Dimitrov)
Petar Gudev1907-1908prime ministerBulgaria(Todorov)
Petar Mladenov1990presidentBulgaria(Toshev)
Petar Stoyanov1997-2002presidentBulgaria(Stefanov)
Peter Georg Bang1854-1856prime ministerDenmark
Péter Boross1993-1994prime ministerHungary
Péter Medgyessy2002-2004prime ministerHungary
Petko Karavelov1880-1881; 1884-1886; 1886; 1901-1902prime ministerBulgaria(Stoichev)
Petr Nečas2010-2013prime ministerCzech Republic
Philip Dimitrov1991-1992prime ministerBulgaria
Philippe Pétain1940prime ministerFrance(Henri, Benoni, Omer, Joseph)
Pierre Bérégovoy1992-1993prime ministerFrance(Eugène)
Pierre de Decker1855-1857prime ministerBelgium(Jacques, François)
Pierre-Étienne Flandin1934-1935; 1940-1941prime ministerFrance
Pierre Harmel1965-1966prime ministerBelgium(Charles, José, Marie)
Pierre Laval1931-1932; 1935-1936; 1940; 1942-1944prime ministerFrance
Pierre Mauroy1981-1984prime ministerFrance
Pierre Mendès France1954-1955prime ministerFrance
Pierre Messmer1972-1974prime ministerFrance(Joseph, Auguste)
Pierre Pflimlin1958prime ministerFrance(Eugène, Jean)
Pierre Tirard1887-1888; 1889-1890prime ministerFrance(Emmanuel)
Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau1899-1902prime ministerFrance(Marie, René, Ernest)
Plamen Oresharski2013-2014prime ministerBulgaria(Vasilev)
Poul Hartling1973-1975prime ministerDenmark
Poul Nyrup Rasmussen1993-2001prime ministerDenmark(Oluf)
Poul Schlüter1982-1993prime ministerDenmark(Holmskov)
Prosper Poullet1925-1926prime ministerBelgium(Antoine, Marie, Joseph)
Qazim Koculi1921prime ministerAlbania
Racho Petrov1901; 1903-1906prime ministerBulgaria
Radmila Šekerinska Jankovska2004prime ministerMacedonia
Rahim Huseynov1992-1993prime ministerAzerbaijan(Alihuseyn oglu)
Rajiv Gandhi1984-1989prime ministerIndia
Ramiz Alia1991-1992presidentAlbania(Tafë)
Rauf Orbay1922-1923prime ministerTurkey(Hüseyin)
Raymond Barre1976-1981prime ministerFrance(Octave, Joseph)
Raymond Poincaré1912-1913; 1922-1924; 1926-1929prime ministerFrance
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan2003-prime ministerTurkey
Recep Peker1946-1947prime ministerTurkey(Mehmet)
Refik Saydam1939-1942prime ministerTurkey(Ibrahim)
René Goblet1886-1887prime ministerFrance
René Mayer1953prime ministerFrance
René Pleven1950-1951; 1951-1952prime ministerFrance
René Viviani1914-1915prime ministerFrance(Jean, Raphaël, Adrien)
Reneta Indzhova1994-1995prime ministerBulgaria(Ivanova)
Rexhep Meidani1997-2002presidentAlbania(Qemal)
Rexhep Mitrovica1943-1944prime ministerAlbania
Richard von Weizsäcker1984-1994presidentGermany(Karl)
Rickard Sandler1925-1926prime ministerSweden(Johannes)
Robert Kocharyan1992-1994; 1994-1997; 1997-1998; 1998-2008prime minister; presidentNagorno-Karabakh; Armenia
Robert Schuman1947-1948; 1948prime ministerFrance(Jean, Baptiste, Nicolas)
Roman Herzog1994-1999presidentGermany
Romano Prodi1996-1998; 2006-2008prime ministerItaly
Rosen Plevneliev2012-presidentBulgaria(Asenov)
Rudolf Kirchschläger1974-1986presidentAustria
Rudolf Ramek1924-1926chancellorAustria
Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti1979-2003presidentIraq
Sadi Irmak1974-1975prime ministerTurkey(Mahmut)
Sali Berisha1992-1997; 2005-2013president; prime ministerAlbania
Seán T. O'Kelly1945-1959presidentIreland(Thomas)
Şemsettin Günaltay1949-1950prime ministerTurkey(Mehmet)
Sergei Sidorsky2003-2010prime ministerBelarus(Sergeevich)
Sergei Stanishev2005-2009prime ministerBulgaria(Dmitrievich)
Serzh Sargsyan2007-2008; 2008-prime minister; presidentArmenia
Shefqet Vërlaci1939-1941prime ministerAlbania
Shimon Peres1977; 1984-1986; 1995-1996prime ministerIsrael(Szymon)
Shinzo Abe2006-2007; 2012-prime ministerJapan
Siim Kallas2002-2003prime ministerEstonia
Silvio Berlusconi1994-1995; 2001-2006; 2008-2011prime ministerItaly
Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha2001-2005prime ministerBulgaria(Borisov)
Spyros Kyprianou1977-1988presidentCyprus(Achilleos)
Stanislav Gross2004-2005prime ministerCzech Republic
Stanko Todorov1971-1981; 1990prime minister; presidentBulgaria
Stefan Sofiyanski1997prime ministerBulgaria(Antonov)
Stefan Stambolov1887-1894prime ministerBulgaria(Nikolov)
Stjepan Mesić2000-2010presidentCroatia(Stipe)
Stoyan Danev1902-1903; 1913prime ministerBulgaria(Petrov)
Suat Hayri Ürgüplü1965prime ministerTurkey(Ali)
Şükrü Saracoğlu1942-1946prime ministerTurkey(Mehmet)
Sulejman Delvina1920prime ministerAlbania
Sulejman Tihić2002-2006presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Süleyman Demirel1965-1971; 1975-1978; 1979-1980; 1991-1993; 1993-2000prime minister; presidentTurkey
Surat Huseynov1993-1994prime ministerAzerbaijan(Davud oglu)
Sylvain Van de Weyer1845-1846prime ministerBelgium(Jean)
Taavi Rõivas2014-prime ministerEstonia
Tage Erlander1946-1969prime ministerSweden(Fritiof)
Tage Reedtz-Thott1894-1897prime ministerDenmark(Kjeld, Thor, Otto)
Tansu Çiller1993-1996prime ministerTurkey
Tassos Papadopoulos2003-2008presidentCyprus(Efstathios, Nikolaou)
Tengiz Sigua1992-1993prime ministerGeorgia
Teodor Teodorov1918-1919prime ministerBulgaria(Ivanov)
Théo Lefèvre1961-1965prime ministerBelgium(Théodore, Joseph, Albéric, Marie)
Theodor Heuss1949-1959presidentGermany
Theodor Körner1951-1957presidentAustria
Théodore Steeg1930-1931prime ministerFrance
Thomas Klestil1992-2004presidentAustria
Thomas Madsen-Mygdal1926-1929prime ministerDenmark
Thorbjörn Fälldin1976-1978; 1979-1982prime ministerSweden(Nils, Olof)
Thorbjørn Jagland1996-1997prime ministerNorway
Thorvald Stauning1924-1926; 1929-1942prime ministerDenmark(August, Marinus)
Tigran Sargsyan2008-2014prime ministerArmenia
Tiit Vähi1992; 1995-1997prime ministerEstonia
Todor Burmov1879prime ministerBulgaria(Stoyanov)
Todor Ivanchov1899-1901prime ministerBulgaria
Todor Zhivkov1962-1971prime ministerBulgaria(Hristov)
Tomislav Nikolić2012-presidentSerbia
Toomas Hendrik Ilves2006-presidentEstonia
Trygve Bratteli1971-1972; 1973-1976prime ministerNorway(Martin)
Turgut Özal1983-1989; 1989-1993prime minister; presidentTurkey(Halil)
Turhan Përmeti1914; 1918-1920prime ministerAlbania
Václav Havel1989-1992; 1993-2003presidentCzechoslovakia; Czech Republic
Václav Klaus1992-1993; 1993-1998; 2003-2013prime minister; presidentCzech Republic
Valko Chervenkov1950-1956prime ministerBulgaria(Vulko, Velev)
Vasil Kolarov1949-1950prime ministerBulgaria(Petrov)
Vasil Radoslavov1886-1887; 1913-1918prime ministerBulgaria(Hristov)
Vazgen Manukyan1990-1991prime ministerArmenia
Vazgen Sargsyan1999prime ministerArmenia
Vazha Lortkipanidze1998-2000prime ministerGeorgia
Victor de Broglie1830; 1835-1836prime ministerFrance(Achille, Léonce, Charles)
Viggo Kampmann1960-1962prime ministerDenmark(Olfert)
Viktor Klima1997-2000chancellorAustria
Viktor Orbán1998-2002; 2010-prime ministerHungary(Mihály)
Vilhelm Buhl1942; 1945prime ministerDenmark
Vilson Ahmeti1991-1992prime ministerAlbania
Vishwanath Pratap Singh1989-1990prime ministerIndia
Vjekoslav Bevanda2012-prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Vladimer Gurgenidze2007-2008prime ministerGeorgia(Lado)
Vladimir Lenin1917-1924premierSoviet Union
Vladimir Putin2000-2008; 2008-2012; 2012-prime minister; presidentRussia
Vladimír Špidla2002-2004prime ministerCzech Republic
Vladimir Yermoshin2000-2001prime ministerBelarus(Vasilyevich)
Vlado Bučkovski2004-2006prime ministerMacedonia
Vojislav Koštunica2004-2008prime ministerSerbia
Vyacheslav Kebich1991-1994prime ministerBelarus(Frantsevich)
Walter Breisky1922chancellorAustria
Walter Scheel1974-1979presidentGermany
Walthère Frère-Orban1868-1870; 1878-1884prime ministerBelgium(Hubert, Joseph)
Werner Faymann2008-chancellorAustria
Wilfried Martens1979-1981; 1981-1992prime ministerBelgium(Achiel, Emma)
Wilhelm Miklas1928-1938presidentAustria
William Waddington1879prime ministerFrance(Henry)
Wolfgang Schüssel2000-2007chancellorAustria
Wollert Konow1910-1912prime ministerNorway
Xhafer Ypi1921-1922prime ministerAlbania
Deng Xiaoping1978-1992leaderChina
Yagub Mammadov1992presidentAzerbaijan(Yaqub, Javad oglu)
Hu Yaobang1981-1982; 1982-1987chairman; general secretaryChina
Yıldırım Akbulut1989-1991prime ministerTurkey
Yitzhak Rabin1974-1977; 1992-1995prime ministerIsrael
Ylli Bufi1991prime ministerAlbania
Yuri Andropov1982-1984general secretarySoviet Union(Yuriy)
Yves Leterme2008; 2009-2011prime ministerBelgium(Camille, Désiré)
Mao Zedong1949-1976chairmanChina
Željko Komšić2007-2008; 2009-2010; 2011-2012; 2013-2014presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Jiang Zemin1989-2002general secretaryChina
Zhan Videnov1995-1997prime ministerBulgaria(Vasilev)
Zhelyu Zhelev1990-1997presidentBulgaria(Mitev)
Živko Radišić1998-2002presidentBosnia and Herzegovina
Zhao Ziyang1987-1989general secretaryChina
Zlatko Lagumdžija2001-2002prime ministerBosnia and Herzegovina
Zlatko Mateša1995-2000prime ministerCroatia
Zoran Đinđić2001-2003prime ministerSerbia
Zoran Milanović2011-prime ministerCroatia
Zoran Živković2003-2004prime ministerSerbia
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto1971-1973; 1973-1977president; prime ministerPakistan
Zurab Noghaideli2005-2007prime ministerGeorgia
Zurab Zhvania2004-2005prime ministerGeorgia
Zviad Gamsakhurdia1991-1992presidentGeorgia
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