Bishops of Rome and the Popes

According to tradition the first Bishop of Rome was the apostle Saint Peter. By the time of Leo the Great 400 years later the Bishops of Rome were the most powerful figures in western Christianity.

It was Leo who began officially using the title pope (Latin papa "father"), though it was originally used by many other bishops besides him. In the 11th century Gregory VII decreed that the title should belong only to the Bishops of Rome. It is worth noting that not all of the popes have lived in Rome; for 70 years in the 14th century they resided in Avignon in France.

Note: an antipope was a rival who was set up in opposition to the canonical pope.

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NameYearsOther Names
Adeodatus I615-618(Deodatus, Deusdedit)
Adeodatus II672-676(Deusdedit)
Adrian I772-795(Hadrianus)
Adrian II867-872(Hadrianus)
Adrian III884-885(Hadrianus)
Adrian IV1154-1159(Hadrianus)
Adrian V1276(Hadrianus)
Adrian VI1522-1523(Hadrianus)
Agapetus I535-536(Agapitus)
Agapetus II946-955
Agatho678-681(Agathon)
Albert1102(Adalbert)
Alexander1409-1410
Alexander I107-115
Alexander II1061-1073
Alexander III1159-1181
Alexander IV1254-1261
Alexander VI1492-1503
Alexander VII1655-1667
Alexander VIII1689-1691
Anacletus79-92(Anencletus, Cletus)
Anacletus1130-1138
Anastasius855
Anastasius I399-401
Anastasius II496-498
Anastasius III911-913
Anastasius IV1153-1154
Anicetus154-167
Anterus235-236
Benedict1058-1059(Benedictus)
Benedict1394-1423(Benedictus)
Benedict I575-579(Benedictus)
Benedict II684-685(Benedictus)
Benedict III855-858(Benedictus)
Benedict IV900-903(Benedictus)
Benedict IX1032-1045(Benedictus)
Benedict IX1045-1046(Benedictus)
Benedict IX1047-1048(Benedictus)
Benedict V964(Benedictus)
Benedict VI973-974(Benedictus)
Benedict VII974-983(Benedictus)
Benedict VIII1012-1024(Benedictus)
Benedict XI1303-1304(Benedictus)
Benedict XII1334-1342(Benedictus)
Benedict XIII1724-1730(Benedictus)
Benedict XIV1740-1758(Benedictus)
Benedict XV1914-1922(Benedictus)
Benedict XVI2005-2013(Benedictus)
Boniface974(Bonifacius)
Boniface984-985(Bonifacius)
Boniface I418-422(Bonifacius)
Boniface II530-532(Bonifacius)
Boniface III607(Bonifacius)
Boniface IV608-615(Bonifacius)
Boniface IX1389-1404(Bonifacius)
Boniface V619-625(Bonifacius)
Boniface VI896(Bonifacius)
Boniface VIII1294-1303(Bonifacius)
Caius283-296(Gaius)
Callixtus1168-1178(Calixtus, Callistus)
Callixtus I217-222(Calixtus, Callistus)
Callixtus II1119-1124(Calixtus, Callistus)
Callixtus III1455-1458(Calixtus, Callistus)
Celestine1124(Caelestinus)
Celestine I422-432(Caelestinus)
Celestine II1143-1144(Caelestinus)
Celestine III1191-1198(Caelestinus)
Celestine IV1241(Caelestinus)
Celestine V1294(Caelestinus)
Christopher903-904(Cristophorus)
Clement1378-1394(Clemens)
Clement1423-1429(Clemens)
Clement I92-99(Clemens)
Clement II1046-1047(Clemens)
Clement III1080(Clemens)
Clement III1084-1100(Clemens)
Clement III1187-1191(Clemens)
Clement IV1265-1268(Clemens)
Clement IX1667-1669(Clemens)
Clement V1305-1314(Clemens)
Clement VI1342-1352(Clemens)
Clement VII1523-1534(Clemens)
Clement VIII1592-1605(Clemens)
Clement X1670-1676(Clemens)
Clement XI1700-1721(Clemens)
Clement XII1730-1740(Clemens)
Clement XIII1758-1769(Clemens)
Clement XIV1769-1774(Clemens)
Conon686-687
Constantine708-715(Constantinus)
Constantine II767-768(Constantinus)
Cornelius251-253
Damasus I366-384
Damasus II1048
Dionysius259-268
Dioscorus530
Donus676-678(Domnus)
Eleuterus174-189(Eleutherius, Eleutherus)
Eugene I655-657(Eugenius)
Eugene II824-827(Eugenius)
Eugene III1145-1153(Eugenius)
Eugene IV1431-1447(Eugenius)
Eulalius418-419
Eusebius309-310
Eutychian275-283(Eutychianus)
Evaristus99-107(Aristus)
Fabian236-250(Fabianus)
Felix1440-1449
Felix I269-274
Felix II355-365
Felix III483-492
Felix IV526-530
Formosus891-896
Francis2013-(Franciscus)
Gelasius I492-496
Gelasius II1118-1119
Gregory1012(Gregorius)
Gregory1118-1121(Gregorius)
Gregory II715-731(Gregorius)
Gregory III731-741(Gregorius)
Gregory IV827-844(Gregorius)
Gregory IX1227-1241(Gregorius)
Gregory I the Great590-604(Gregorius)
Gregory V996-999(Gregorius)
Gregory VI1045-1046(Gregorius)
Gregory VII1073-1085(Gregorius)
Gregory VIII1187(Gregorius)
Gregory X1271-1276(Gregorius)
Gregory XI1370-1378(Gregorius)
Gregory XII1406-1415(Gregorius)
Gregory XIII1572-1585(Gregorius)
Gregory XIV1590-1591(Gregorius)
Gregory XV1621-1623(Gregorius)
Gregory XVI1831-1846(Gregorius)
Hilarius461-468(Hilary)
Hippolytus of Rome217-235
Honorius1061-1072
Honorius I625-638
Honorius II1124-1130
Honorius III1216-1227
Honorius IV1285-1287
Hormisdas514-523
Hyginus137-140
Innocent1179-1180(Innocentius)
Innocent I401-417(Innocentius)
Innocent II1130-1143(Innocentius)
Innocent III1198-1216(Innocentius)
Innocent IV1243-1254(Innocentius)
Innocent IX1591(Innocentius)
Innocent V1276(Innocentius)
Innocent VI1352-1362(Innocentius)
Innocent VII1404-1406(Innocentius)
Innocent VIII1484-1492(Innocentius)
Innocent X1644-1655(Innocentius)
Innocent XI1676-1689(Innocentius)
Innocent XII1691-1700(Innocentius)
Innocent XIII1721-1724(Innocentius)
John997-998(Ioannes)
John1410-1415(Ioannes)
John I523-526(Ioannes)
John II533-535(Ioannes)
John III561-574(Ioannes)
John IV640-642(Ioannes)
John IX898-900(Ioannes)
John Paul I1978(Ioannes, Paulus)
John Paul II1978-2005(Ioannes, Ivan, Jan, Karol, Józef, Paulus, Pavao, Paweł)
John V685-686(Ioannes)
John VI701-705(Ioannes)
John VII705-707(Ioannes)
John VIII872-882(Ioannes)
John X914-928(Ioannes)
John XI931-935(Ioannes)
John XII955-964(Ioannes)
John XIII965-972(Ioannes)
John XIV983-984(Ioannes)
John XIX1024-1032(Ioannes)
John XV985-996(Ioannes)
John XVII1003(Ioannes)
John XVIII1003-1009(Ioannes)
John XXI1276-1277(Ioannes)
John XXII1316-1334(Ioannes)
John XXIII1958-1963(Angelo, Ioannes, Giuseppe)
Julius I337-352(Iulius)
Julius II1503-1513(Iulius)
Julius III1550-1555(Iulius)
Lando913-914
Laurentius498-506(Lawrence)
Leo II682-683
Leo III795-816
Leo IV847-855
Leo IX1049-1054
Leo I the Great440-461
Leo V903
Leo VI928
Leo VII936-939
Leo VIII964-965
Leo X1513-1521
Leo XI1605
Leo XII1823-1829
Leo XIII1878-1903
Liberius352-366
Linus67-76
Lucius I253-254
Lucius II1144-1145
Lucius III1181-1185
Marcellinus296-304
Marcellus I308-309
Marcellus II1555
Marinus I882-884
Marinus II942-946
Mark336(Marcus)
Martin I649-653(Martinus)
Martin IV1281-1285(Martinus)
Martin V1417-1431(Martinus)
Miltiades311-314(Melchiades)
Nicholas I the Great858-867(Nicolaus)
Nicholas1328-1330(Nicolaus)
Nicholas II1058-1061(Nicolaus)
Nicholas III1277-1280(Nicolaus)
Nicholas IV1288-1292(Nicolaus)
Nicholas V1447-1455(Nicolaus)
Novatian251-258(Novatianus)
Paschal687(Paschalis)
Paschal1164-1168(Paschalis)
Paschal I817-824(Paschalis)
Paschal II1099-1118(Paschalis)
Paul I757-767(Paulus)
Paul II1464-1471(Paulus)
Paul III1534-1549(Paulus)
Paul IV1555-1559(Paulus)
Paul V1605-1621(Paulus)
Paul VI1963-1978(Paulus)
Pelagius I556-561
Pelagius II579-590
Peter?-67(Petrus)
Philip768(Philippus)
Pius I140-154
Pius II1458-1464
Pius III1503
Pius IV1559-1565
Pius IX1846-1878
Pius V1566-1572
Pius VI1775-1799
Pius VII1800-1823
Pius VIII1829-1830
Pius X1903-1914
Pius XI1922-1939
Pius XII1939-1958
Pontian230-235(Pontianus)
Romanus897
Sabinian604-606(Sabinianus)
Sergius I687-701
Sergius II844-847
Sergius III904-911
Sergius IV1009-1012
Severinus640
Silverius536-537(Sylverius)
Simplicius468-483
Siricius384-399
Sisinnius708
Sixtus I115-124(Xystus)
Sixtus II257-258(Xystus)
Sixtus III432-440
Sixtus IV1471-1484
Sixtus V1585-1590
Soter166-174(Soterius, Soterus)
Stephen I254-257(Stephanus)
Stephen II752-757(Stephanus)
Stephen III767-772(Stephanus)
Stephen IV816-817(Stephanus)
Stephen IX1057-1058(Stephanus)
Stephen V885-891(Stephanus)
Stephen VI896-897(Stephanus)
Stephen VII929-931(Stephanus)
Stephen VIII939-942(Stephanus)
Sylvester1105-1111(Silvester)
Sylvester I314-335(Silvester)
Sylvester II999-1003(Silvester)
Sylvester III1045(Silvester)
Symmachus498-514
Telesphorus125-137
Theodore687(Theodorus)
Theodore I642-649(Theodorus)
Theodore II897(Theodorus)
Theodoric1100-1101
Urban I222-230(Urbanus)
Urban II1088-1099(Urbanus)
Urban III1185-1187(Urbanus)
Urban IV1261-1264(Urbanus)
Urban V1362-1370(Urbanus)
Urban VI1378-1389(Urbanus)
Urban VII1590(Urbanus)
Urban VIII1623-1644(Urbanus)
Ursinus366-367(Ursicinus)
Valentine827(Valentinus)
Victor1138
Victor1159-1164
Victor I189-199
Victor II1055-1057
Victor III1086-1087
Vigilius537-555
Vitalian657-672(Vitalianus)
Zachary741-752(Zacharias)
Zephyrinus199-217
Zosimus417-418
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