Notable Philosophers and Thinkers

This list is comprised of some of the most recognizable names from the world of philosophy. Also included are mathematicians, theologians and those associated with the humanities and social science. However, those considered to be more in the camp of experimental science or invention are listed with the famous scientists.
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NameLifespanOther Names
Abraham Maslow1908-1970
Ada Lovelace1815-1852
Adam Smith1723-1790
Alan Turing1912-1954
Albert Camus1913-1960
Alexander von Humboldt1769-1859
Alfred Adler1870-1937
Alfred Marshall1842-1924
Alfred North Whitehead1861-1947
Abu Ali al-Husayn ibn Sina980-1037
Anaxagorasc. 500-428 BC
Anaximanderc. 610-c. 546 BC(Aniximander)
Anaximenes of Miletusc. 585-c. 528 BC
Anselm of Canterbury1033-1109
Anthony Giddens1938-
Apollonius of Pergac. 262-c. 190 BC
Archimedesc. 287-c. 212 BC
Archytas428-347 BC
Aristotle384-322 BC
Arthur Eddington1882-1944(Stanley)
Arthur Schopenhauer1788-1860
Auguste Comte1798-1857
Augustine of Hippo354-430
Baruch Spinoza1632-1677
Benoit Mandelbrot1924-2010
Bernhard Riemann1826-1866
Bertrand Russell1872-1970
Blaise Pascal1623-1662
Boethius480-524(Anicius, Severinus)
B. F. Skinner1904-1990(Burrhus)
Carl Friedrich Gauss1777-1855(Karl)
Carl Jung1875-1961
Carl Rogers1902-1987
Charles Babbage1791-1871
Charles de Secondat1689-1755(Montesquieu)
Charles Sanders Peirce1839-1914
Christiaan Huygens1629-1695(Christian)
Darko Bratina1942-1997(Diodato)
David Hilbert1862-1943
David Hume1711-1776
David Ricardo1772-1823
David Rittenhouse1732-1796
Democritusc. 460-c. 370 BC
Denis Diderot1713-1784
Desiderius Erasmus1466-1536
Diogenes of Sinopec. 412-323 BC
Diophantus of Alexandriac. 205-c. 290
Edmund Husserl1859-1938
Hakuin Ekaku1686-1769
Émile Durkheim1858-1917
Empedoclesc. 490-430 BC
Epictetusc. 55-c. 135
Epicurus341-270 BC
Eratosthenes of Cyrenec. 276-c. 195 BC
Erich Fromm1900-1980
Erik Erikson1902-1994
Euclidc. 330-275 BC
Évariste Galois1811-1832
Ferdinand de Saussure1857-1913
Ferdo Šišić1869-1940
Francis of Assisic. 1182-1226(Francesco)
Francis Bacon1561-1626
François-Marie Arouet "Voltaire"1694-1778
Friedrich Engels1820-1895(Frederick)
Friedrich Hayek1899-1992(August)
Friedrich Nietzsche1844-1900(Frederick)
Gautama Buddhac. 563-c. 483 BC(Buddha, Siddhartha)
Geoffrey of Monmouthc. 1100-c. 1155
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel1770-1831(George)
Georg Simmel1858-1918
George Berkeley1685-1753
G. E. Moore1873-1958(George, Edward)
George Santayana1863-1952(Jorge)
Gerardus Mercator1512-1594
Gerolamo Cardano1501-1576
Giordano Bruno1548-1600
Gorgiasc. 485-c. 380 BC
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz1646-1716
Gottlob Frege1848-1925
Gregory of Toursc. 538-594
Helmuth Nyborg1937-
Henri Bergson1859-1941(Henry)
Henri Poincaré1854-1912(Henry)
Henry David Thoreau1817-1862
Heraclitus of Ephesusc. 535-c. 475 BC
Hero of Alexandria10-70(Heron)
Herodotusc. 484-425 BC
Hipparchus of Nicaeac. 190-c. 120 BC
Hjalmar Schacht1877-1970
Hypatia of Alexandriac. 370-415
Ibn Khaldun1332-1406(Abdur-Rahman)
Immanuel Kant1724-1804
Isidore of Seville560-636
Jacques Lacan1901-1981
James Gregory1638-1675
Jan Hus?-1415
Jean-François Champollion1790-1832
Jean Chauvin1509-1564(John)
Jean Piaget1896-1980
Jean-Jacques Rousseau1712-1778(John)
Jean-Paul Sartre1905-1980(John)
Jeremy Bentham1748-1832
Jesus Christc. 4 BC-c. 33
Johann Gottlieb Fichte1762-1814(John)
John Duns Scotusc. 1266-1308
John Dewey1859-1952
John Maynard Keynes1883-1946
John Locke1632-1704
John Stuart Mill1806-1873
John Napier1550-1617
John Forbes Nash Jr.1928-
John von Neumann1903-1957(János)
Joseph Campbell1904-1987
Joseph Fourier1768-1830
Joseph Louis Lagrange1736-1813(Giuseppe, Lodovico)
Joseph Schumpeter1883-1950
Josephus37-c. 100(Titus)
Karl Marx1818-1883
Karl Popper1902-1994
Karl Ritter1779-1859(Carl)
Meng Kec. 372-c. 289 BC(Mencius)
Kurt Gödel1906-1978
Laozi?-5xx BC(Lao-Tzu)
Leonardo of Pisa "Fibonacci"c. 1170-c. 1250(Fibonacci)
Leonhard Euler1707-1783
Leonida Tonelli1885-1946
Lev Vygotsky1896-1934
Livyc. 64 BC-17(Titus)
Ljudevit Gaj1809-1872(Ludwig)
Ljudevit Jonke1907-1979
Lucretiusc. 99-c. 55 BC(Titus)
Ludwig Wittgenstein1889-1951
Mani216-274
Marcus Aurelius121-180
Martin Heidegger1889-1976
Martin Luther1483-1546
Max Weber1864-1920
Mazdak?-c. 524
Mehr Abdul Haq1915-1995
Michel Foucault1926-1984
Milovan Gavazzi1895-1992
Milton Friedman1912-2006
Moses Maimonides1135-1204(Moshe)
Abu'l-Walid Muhammad ibn Rushd1126-1198
Muhammad570-632
Abu Nasr Muhammad al-Farabic. 872-c. 950
Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazali1058-1111
Muhammad al-Idrisi1099-c. 1165(Al Idrisi, Dreses)
Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmic. 780-850
Muhammad al-Razi865-925
Nagarjunac. 150-250
Niccolò Machiavelli1469-1527(Nicholas)
Nicholas of Cusa1401-1464
Niels Henrik Abel1802-1829
Noam Chomsky1928-
Omar Khayyám1048-1131(Umar)
Origen184-253
Oriol Junqueras i Vies1969-
Parmenides of Eleac. 515-c. 450 BC
Pausanias110-180
Philoc. 20 BC-c. 50
Pierre Abélard1079-1142(Peter)
Pierre Bourdieu1930-2002
Pierre-Simon Laplace1749-1827(Peter)
Platoc. 427-347 BC
Plotinusc. 205-270
Plutarchc. 46-120(Lucius)
Polybiusc. 200-c. 118 BC
Protagorasc. 490-c. 420 BC
Pyotr Kropotkin1842-1921(Peter)
Pyrrhoc. 360-c. 270 BC
Pythagorasc. 580-500 BC
Sima Qianc. 145-86 BC(Chien)
Kong Qiuc. 551-479 BC(Confucius)
Rado Lenček1921-2005
Raimond Gaita1946-
René Descartes1596-1650
Reşat Ekrem Koçu1905-1975
Seneca the Younger4 BC-65
Sigmund Freud1856-1939
Simone de Beauvoir1908-1986
Socratesc. 470-399 BC
Søren Kierkegaard1813-1855
Straboc. 64 BC-c. 24
Suetonius69-122(Gaius)
Tacitusc. 56-c. 117(Publius)
Talcott Parsons1902-1979
Tertullianc. 160-c. 225
Thalesc. 624-c. 546 BC
Theodor W. Adorno1903-1969
Theodor Mommsen1817-1903
Thomas Aquinas1225-1274(Tommaso)
Thomas Hobbes1588-1679
Thomas Robert Malthus1766-1834
Thomas More1478-1535
Thucydidesc. 460-c. 395 BC
Toufik Mansour1968-
Sun Tzuc. 544-c. 496 BC(Wu)
Vahakn Dadrian1926-
Viktor Frankl1905-1997
Vilfredo Pareto1848-1923
Wilhelm Reich1897-1957
Wilhelm Wundt1832-1920
Willard Van Orman Quine1908-2000
William of Ockhamc. 1287-1347
William James1842-1910
Xenophanes of Colophonc. 570-c. 475 BC
Xenophonc. 427-c. 355 BC
Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Kindi801-873(Alkindus)
Zeno of Citiumc. 334-c. 262 BC
Zeno of Eleac. 490-c. 430 BC
Zerah Colburn1804-1839
Ziya Onis1957-
Zoroaster?-1xxx BC(Zarathustra)