Notable Philosophers and Thinkers Chronologically

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NameLifespanAlso Known As
Thalesc. 624-c. 546 BC
Anaximanderc. 610-c. 546 BC(Aniximander)
Pythagorasc. 580-500 BC
Siddhartha Gautamac. 563-c. 483 BC(Buddha)
Kong Qiuc. 551-479 BC(Confucius)
Parmenides of Eleac. 540-c. 450 BC
Heraclitus of Ephesusc. 535-c. 475 BC
Anaxagorasc. 500-428 BC
Empedoclesc. 490-430 BC
Zeno of Eleac. 490-c. 430 BC
Socratesc. 470-399 BC
Democritusc. 460-c. 370 BC
Xenophonc. 427-c. 355 BC
Platoc. 427-347 BC
Diogenes of Sinopec. 412-323 BC
Aristotle384-322 BC
Pyrrhoc. 360-c. 270 BC
Epicurus341-270 BC
Zeno of Citiumc. 334-c. 262 BC
Euclidc. 330-275 BC
Archimedesc. 287-c. 212 BC
Philoc. 20 BC-c. 50
Seneca the Younger4 BC-65
Marcus Aurelius121-180
Nagarjunac. 150-250
Plotinusc. 205-270
Augustine of Hippo354-430
Boethius480-524(Anicius, Severinus)
Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmic. 780-850
Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Kindi801-873(Alkindus)
Muhammad al-Razi865-925
Abu Nasr Muhammad al-Farabic. 872-c. 950
Abu Ali al-Husayn ibn Sina980-1037
Anselm of Canterbury1033-1109
Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazali1058-1111
Peter Abelard1079-1142
Abu'l-Walid Muhammad ibn Rushd1126-1198
Moses Maimonides1135-1204(Moshe)
Leonardo of Pisa "Fibonacci"c. 1170-c. 1250(Fibonacci)
Francis of Assisic. 1182-1226(Francesco)
Thomas Aquinas1225-1274(Tommaso)
John Duns Scotusc. 1266-1308
William of Ockhamc. 1287-1347
Desiderius Erasmus1466-1536
Niccolò Machiavelli1469-1527(Nicholas)
Thomas More1478-1535
Martin Luther1483-1546
Jean Chauvin1509-1564(John)
Francis Bacon1561-1626
Thomas Hobbes1588-1679
René Descartes1596-1650
Blaise Pascal1623-1662
Christiaan Huygens1629-1695(Christian)
John Locke1632-1704
Baruch Spinoza1632-1677
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz1646-1716
George Berkeley1685-1753
Hakuin Ekaku1686-1769
François-Marie Arouet "Voltaire"1694-1778
Leonhard Euler1707-1783
David Hume1711-1776
Jean-Jacques Rousseau1712-1778(John)
Denis Diderot1713-1784
Adam Smith1723-1790
Immanuel Kant1724-1804
Jeremy Bentham1748-1832
Pierre-Simon Laplace1749-1827(Peter)
Johann Gottlieb Fichte1762-1814(John)
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel1770-1831(George)
Carl Friedrich Gauss1777-1855(Karl)
Arthur Schopenhauer1788-1860
Charles Babbage1791-1871
Auguste Comte1798-1857
John Stuart Mill1806-1873
Søren Kierkegaard1813-1855
Ada Lovelace1815-1852
Henry David Thoreau1817-1862
Karl Marx1818-1883
Friedrich Engels1820-1895(Frederick)
Charles Sanders Peirce1839-1914
William James1842-1910
Friedrich Nietzsche1844-1900(Frederick)
Gottlob Frege1848-1925
Henri Poincaré1854-1912(Henry)
Sigmund Freud1856-1939
Edmund Husserl1859-1938
Henri Bergson1859-1941(Henry)
John Dewey1859-1952
Alfred North Whitehead1861-1947
George Santayana1863-1952(Jorge)
Bertrand Russell1872-1970
G. E. Moore1873-1958(George, Edward)
Carl Jung1875-1961
Ludwig Wittgenstein1889-1951
Martin Heidegger1889-1976
Karl Popper1902-1994
John von Neumann1903-1957(János)
B. F. Skinner1904-1990(Burrhus)
Joseph Campbell1904-1987
Jean-Paul Sartre1905-1980(John)
Kurt Gödel1906-1978
Simone de Beauvoir1908-1986
Willard Van Orman Quine1908-2000
Alan Turing1912-1954
Albert Camus1913-1960
Noam Chomsky1928-