SugarPlumFairy's Personal Name List
Pronounced: A-SHEEL (French), a-KEEL-le (Italian)
Pronounced: A-də-layd (English), a-de-LIE-de (Italian), ə-də-LIED (Portuguese)
From the French form of the Germanic
, which was composed of the elements adal
"noble" and heid
"kind, sort, type". It was borne in the 10th century by Saint
Adelaide, the wife of the Holy Roman Emperor Otto the Great. The name became common in Britain in the 19th century due to the popularity of the German-born wife of King William IV, for whom the city of Adelaide in Australia was named in 1836.
Other Scripts: Αγαθη (Greek)
Pronounced: A-GAT (French), a-GA-tə (German), A-GA-TE (Classical Greek)
Other Scripts: ‘Αγνη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: AG-nis (English), AK-nəs (German), AHKH-nəs (Dutch), AHNG-nes (Swedish)
Latinized form of the Greek name ‘Αγνη (Hagne)
, derived from Greek ‘αγνος (hagnos)
meaning "chaste". Saint
Agnes was a virgin martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian. The name became associated with Latin agnus
"lamb", resulting in the saint's frequent depiction with a lamb by her side. Due to her renown, the name became common in Christian Europe, being especially popular in England in the Middle Ages.
Pronounced: A-ghe-dha (Spanish), A-gə-də (Portuguese)
Spanish and Portuguese form of AGATHA
Gender: Masculine & Feminine
Other Scripts: 昭, 明, 亮, 晶, etc. (Japanese Kanji)
From Japanese 昭 (akira)
meaning "bright", 明 (akira)
meaning "bright" or 亮 (akira)
meaning "clear". Other kanji with the same pronunciation can also form this name.
Pronounced: AL-ba (Italian, Spanish), AL-bə (Catalan)
This name is derived from two distinct names, ALBA (2)
and ALBA (3)
, with distinct origins, Latin and Germanic
. Over time these names have become confused with one another. To further complicate the matter, alba
means "dawn" in Italian, Spanish and Catalan. This may be the main inspiration behind its use in Italy and Spain.
Pronounced: ə-LAY-shoo (Portuguese), a-LAY-shaw (Galician)
Portuguese and Galician form of ALEXIS
Usage: English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Hungarian, Slovak, Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Pronounced: a-lig-ZAN-dər (English), a-le-KSAN-du (German), ah-lək-SAHN-dər (Dutch), AW-lek-sawn-der (Hungarian)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αλεξανδρος (Alexandros)
, which meant "defending men" from Greek αλεξω (alexo)
"to defend, help" and ανηρ (aner)
"man" (genitive ανδρος
). In Greek mythology
this was another name of the hero Paris
, and it also belongs to several characters in the New Testament
. However, the most famous bearer was Alexander the Great, King of Macedon. In the 4th century BC he built a huge empire out of Greece, Egypt, Persia, and parts of India. Due to his fame, and later medieval tales involving him, use of his name spread throughout Europe.
The name has been used by kings of Scotland, Poland and Yugoslavia, emperors of Russia, and eight popes. Other notable bearers include English poet Alexander Pope (1688-1744), American statesman Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804), Scottish-Canadian explorer Sir Alexander MacKenzie (1764-1820), Russian poet Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837), and Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922), the Scottish-Canadian-American inventor of the telephone.
Usage: English, German, Dutch, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Greek, Portuguese, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Catalan, Spanish, Italian, Russian, Ukrainian, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Pronounced: al-əg-ZAN-drə (English), a-le-KSAN-dra (German), ah-lək-SAHN-drah (Dutch), A-LUG-ZAHN-DRA (French), a-le-KSAN-dhra (Greek), ə-li-SHUN-drə (European Portuguese), a-le-SHUN-dru (Brazilian Portuguese), a-lek-SAN-dra (Romanian, Spanish, Italian), A-lek-san-dra (Slovak), A-LE-KSAN-DRA (Classical Greek)
Feminine form of ALEXANDER
. In Greek mythology
this was a Mycenaean epithet of the goddess Hera
, and an alternate name of Cassandra
. It was borne by several early Christian saints
, and also by the wife of Nicholas II, the last czar of Russia. She was from Germany and had the birth name Alix
, but was renamed Александра (Aleksandra)
upon joining the Russian Church.
Pronounced: A-LUG-ZAHNDR (French), ə-li-SHUN-drə (European Portuguese), a-le-SHUN-dree (Brazilian Portuguese), a-le-SHAN-dre (Galician)
Form of ALEXANDER
. This name was borne by the 19th-century French author Alexandre Dumas (1802-1870), who wrote 'The Three Musketeers'.
Pronounced: AL-is (English), A-LEES (French), a-LEE-che (Italian)
From the Old French name Aalis
, a short form of Adelais
, itself a short form of the Germanic
). This name became popular in France and England in the 12th century. It was borne by the heroine of Lewis Carroll's 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' (1865) and 'Through the Looking Glass' (1871).
Pronounced: al-LE-gra (Italian), ə-LEG-rə (English)
Means "cheerful, lively" in Italian. It was borne by a short-lived illegitimate daughter of Lord Byron (1817-1822).
Pronounced: AL-ba-ro (Spanish)
Spanish form of a Germanic
name, perhaps ALFHER
. Verdi used this name in his opera 'The Force of Destiny' (1862).
Pronounced: AN-ə-bel (English)
Variant of AMABEL
influenced by the name ANNA
. This name appears to have arisen in Scotland in the Middle Ages.
Medieval Scottish name, probably a variant of ANNABEL
. It has long been associated with Latin orabilis
Derived from the Germanic elements ercan
"genuine" and bald
"bold". The first element was altered due to the influence of Greek names beginning with the element αρχος (archos)
meaning "master". The Normans
brought this name to England. It first became common in Scotland in the Middle Ages.
Feminine form of ARTEMISIOS
. This was the name of the 4th-century BC builder of the Mausoleum, one of the seven wonders of the world. She built it in memory of her husband, the Carian prince Mausolus.
Pronounced: AW-gə-steen, aw-GUS-tin
From the Roman name Augustinus
, itself derived from the Roman name AUGUSTUS
Augustine of Hippo was a 5th-century Christian theologian and author from North Africa. For his contributions to Christian philosophy he is known as a Doctor of the Church. Due to his renown, the name came into general use in the Christian world. It became popular in England in the Middle Ages partly because of a second saint by this name, Augustine of Canterbury, a 6th-century Italian monk sent to England to convert the Anglo-Saxons.
Pronounced: ow-GOOS-to (Spanish)
Spanish, Italian and Portuguese form of AUGUSTUS
Pronounced: ow-RO-ra (Spanish, Classical Latin), ə-RAWR-ə (English), OW-ro-rah (Finnish)
Means "dawn" in Latin. Aurora was the Roman goddess of the morning. It has occasionally been used as a given name since the Renaissance.
Pronounced: be-a-TREE-che (Italian), BEE-ə-tris (English), BEET-ris (English), BE-ah-trees (Swedish), be-ah-TREES (Swedish)
Italian form of BEATRIX
. Beatrice Portinari (1266-1290) was the woman who was loved by the Italian poet Dante Alighieri. She serves as Dante's guide through paradise in his epic poem the 'Divine Comedy' (1321). This is also the name of a character in Shakespeare
's comedy 'Much Ado About Nothing' (1599), in which Beatrice and Benedick are fooled into confessing their love for one another.
From the Late Latin name Benedictus
which meant "blessed". Saint
Benedict was an Italian monk who founded the Benedictines in the 6th century. After his time the name was common among Christians, being used by 16 popes. In England it did not come into use until the 12th century, at which point it became very popular. This name was also borne by the American general Benedict Arnold (1741-1801), who defected to Britain during the American Revolution.
Latinized feminine form of BERENGAR
. This name was borne by a 13th-century queen of Castile.
Pronounced: BLAW-nit (Irish)
Means "little flower" from the Irish word blath
"flower" combined with a diminutive
suffix. In Irish legend she was a maiden abducted and married by Cú Roí. She was rescued by Cúchulainn
, who killed her husband, but she was in turn murdered by one of Cú Roí's loyal servants.
Pronounced: BRAN-ka (Galician)
Portuguese and Galician form of BLANCHE
Portuguese and Spanish form of BRIDGET
Means "battle king" from Welsh cad "battle" and teyrn "king, monarch". Cadeyrn (also known as Catigern) was a 5th-century king of Powys in Wales, the son of Vortigern.
Spanish and Portuguese feminine form of CALIXTUS
Gender: Feminine & Masculine
Pronounced: KA-MEE (French), kə-MEEL (English)
French feminine and masculine form of CAMILLA
. It is also used in the English-speaking world, where it is generally only feminine.
Pronounced: ka-ro-LEE-na (Italian, Spanish), ka-roo-LEE-nə (Portuguese), ker-ə-LIEN-ə (English), kar-ə-LIEN-ə (English)
Latinate feminine form of CAROLUS
. This is the name of two American states: North and South Carolina. They were named for Charles I, king of England.
Pronounced: TSE-tsee-lee-a (Slovak), TSE-tsee-lee-aw (Hungarian)
Portuguese, Slovak and Hungarian form of CECILIA
From the name of the flower, which derives from Greek χελιδων (chelidon)
Pronounced: SHAR-LAWT (French), SHAHR-lət (English), shar-LAW-tə (German), shah-LOT (Swedish), shahr-LAWT-tə (Dutch)
French feminine diminutive
. It was introduced to Britain in the 17th century. A notable bearer was Charlotte Brontë (1816-1855), the eldest of the three Brontë sisters and the author of 'Jane Eyre' and 'Villette'.
Pronounced: CHAHR-mee-ən, SHAHR-mee-ən
Pronounced: KLA-ra (Italian, German, Spanish), KLA-ru (Portuguese), KLER-ə (American English), KLAR-ə (American English), KLAH-rə (British English)
Feminine form of the Late Latin name Clarus
which meant "clear, bright, famous". The name Clarus
was borne by a few early saints
. The feminine form was popularized by the 13th-century Saint Clare of Assisi (called Chiara
in Italian), a friend and follower of Saint Francis, who left her wealthy family to found the order of nuns known as the Poor Clares. As an English name it has been in use since the Middle Ages, originally in the form Clare
, though the Latinate spelling Clara
became more popular in the 19th century.
Gender: Masculine & Feminine
Pronounced: KLOD (French), KLAWD (English)
French masculine and feminine form of CLAUDIUS
. In France the masculine name has been common since the Middle Ages due to the 7th-century Saint
Claude of Besançon. It was imported to Britain in the 16th century by the aristocratic Hamilton family, who had French connections. A famous bearer of this name was the French impressionist painter Claude Monet (1840-1926).
Pronounced: kle-men-TEE-na (Italian, Spanish), klə-mən-TEE-nə (Portuguese)
Other Scripts: Κλειω (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: KLEE-o (Italian)
Pronounced: kə-LUM-bən (English)
Possibly an Irish diminutive
. Alternatively, it may be derived from Old Irish colum
"dove" and bán
"white". The 7th-century Saint
Columban of Leinster was the founder of several monasteries in Europe.
Pronounced: KAHN-rad (English), KAWN-rat (German)
Derived from the Germanic elements kuoni
"brave" and rad
"counsel". This was the name of a 10th-century saint
and bishop of Konstanz, in southern Germany. It was also borne by several medieval German kings and dukes. In England it was occasionally used during the Middle Ages, but has only been common since the 19th century when it was reintroduced from Germany.
Late Latin name meaning "heart" from Latin cor
Cordula was one of the 4th-century companions of Saint Ursula.
Portuguese and Spanish form of COSMAS
Pronounced: kree-STYA-no (Italian), kreesh-TYA-noo (Portuguese)
Italian and Portuguese form of CHRISTIAN
. A famous bearer is Portuguese soccer player Cristiano Ronaldo (1985-).
French form of DESIDERATA
. In part it is directly from the French word meaning "desired, wished".
From the English name of the Christian festival celebrating the resurrection of Jesus
. It was ultimately named for the Germanic
spring goddess Eostre. It was traditionally given to children born on Easter, though it is rare in modern times.
Pronounced: e-LEE-za-bet (German), e-LEE-sah-bet (Danish), i-LIZ-ə-bəth (English)
German and Dutch form of ELIZABETH
. It is also a variant English form, reflecting the spelling used in the Authorized Version of the New Testament
From an English surname which was originally derived from the medieval masculine name HILARY
Pronounced: EM-blah (Icelandic, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish)
Meaning uncertain, perhaps related to Old Norse almr
"elm". In Norse mythology
Embla and her husband Ask
were the first humans. They were created by three of the gods from two trees.
Pronounced: e-mee-LYA-na (Italian, Spanish)
English feminine form of Aemilius
). In the English-speaking world it was not common until after the German House of Hanover came to the British throne in the 18th century; the princess Amelia Sophia (1711-1786) was commonly known as Emily
in English, even though Amelia
is an unrelated name.
Famous bearers include the British author Emily Brontë (1818-1848), who wrote 'Wuthering Heights', and the American poet Emily Dickinson (1830-1886).
Pronounced: AY-ə-win (English)
Means "horse joy" in Old English
. This name was invented by J. R. R. Tolkien who used Old English to represent the Rohirric language. In his novel 'The Lord of the Rings' (1954) Eowyn is the niece of King Theoden of Rohan. She slays the Lord of the Nazgul in the Battle of the Pelennor Fields.
Pronounced: ee-VAN-dər (English), ə-VAN-dər (English)
Variant of Evandrus
, the Latin form of the Greek name Ευανδρος (Euandros)
, derived from Greek ευ (eu)
meaning "good" and ανηρ (aner)
meaning "man" (genitive ανδρος
). In Roman mythology
Evander was an Arcadian hero of the Trojan War who founded the city of Pallantium near the spot where Rome was later built.
Pronounced: FE-LEEKS (French), FE-leeks (Spanish, Portuguese)
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of FELIX
Pronounced: frə-də-REE-kə (Portuguese), fred-REE-ka (English), fred-ə-REE-kə (English)
Pronounced: FRED-ə-rik, FRED-rik
English form of a Germanic
name meaning "peaceful ruler", derived from frid
"peace" and ric
"ruler, power". This name has long been common in continental Germanic-speaking regions, being borne by rulers of the Holy Roman Empire, Germany, Austria, Scandinavia, and Prussia. Notables among these rulers include the 12th-century Holy Roman Emperor and crusader Frederick I Barbarossa, the 13th-century emperor and patron of the arts Frederick II, and the 18th-century Frederick II of Prussia, known as Frederick the Great.
The Normans brought the name to England in the 11th century but it quickly died out. It was reintroduced by the German House of Hanover when they inherited the British throne in the 18th century. A famous bearer was Frederick Douglass (1818-1895), an American ex-slave who became a leading advocate of abolition.
Pronounced: FRAY-ə (English), FRE-ya (German)
From Old Norse Freyja
meaning "lady". This was the name of the goddess of love, beauty, war and death in Norse mythology
. She claimed half of the heroes who were slain in battle and brought them to her realm of Fólkvangr. Along with her brother Freyr
and father Njord
, she was one of the Vanir (as opposed to the Æsir). Some scholars connect her with the goddess Frigg
This is not the usual spelling in any of the Scandinavian languages (in Sweden and Denmark it is Freja and in Norway it is Frøja) but it is the common spelling of the goddess's name in English. In the 2000s it became popular in Britain.
Pronounced: khe-no-BE-ba (Spanish), zhə-noo-VE-və (Portuguese)
Pronounced: ji-RAHRD (American English), JER-əd (British English), KHI-rahrt (Dutch), zhə-RART (Catalan), GE-rart (Polish)
Derived from the Germanic element ger
meaning "spear" combined with hard
meaning "brave, hardy". The Normans
introduced this name to Britain. It was initially much more common than the similar name Gerald
, with which it was often confused, but it is now less common.
Pronounced: HAN-ə (English), HA-na (German)
From the Hebrew name חַנָּה (Channah)
meaning "favour" or "grace". In the Old Testament
this is the name of the wife of Elkanah
. Her rival was Elkanah's other wife Peninnah
, who had children while Hannah remained barren. After a blessing from Eli
she finally became pregnant with Samuel
As an English name, Hannah was not regularly used until after the Protestant Reformation. The Greek and Latin version Anna, which is used in the New Testament, has traditionally been more common as a Christian name.
From the English word honour
, which is of Latin origin. This was one of the virtue names adopted by the Puritans
in the 17th century. It can also be viewed as a form of HONORIA
, which are ultimately derived from the same source.
Medieval English vernacular form of IDONEA
The name of a princess in the play 'Cymbeline' (1609) by Shakespeare
. He based her on a legendary character named Innogen
, but the name was printed incorrectly and never corrected. The name Innogen
is probably derived from Gaelic inghean
Medieval Spanish form of ENEKO
. This was the birth name of Saint
Ignatius of Loyola, who changed it in honour of Saint Ignatius of Antioch. As such, this name is sometimes regarded as a form of IGNATIUS
Usage: Greek Mythology, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, French, Spanish, Greek
Other Scripts: Ιρις (Greek)
Pronounced: IE-ris (English), EE-ris (German, Dutch), EE-rees (Finnish, Spanish), EE-REES (French)
Means "rainbow" in Greek. Iris was the name of the Greek goddess of the rainbow, also serving as a messenger to the gods. This name can also be given in reference to the word (which derives from the same Greek source) for the iris flower or the coloured part of the eye.
Other Scripts: Исидора (Serbian, Macedonian, Russian), Ισιδωρα (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: ee-see-DHO-ra (Spanish), ee-zee-DO-ra (Italian), iz-i-DAWR-ə (English)
Feminine form of ISIDORE
. This was the name of a 4th-century Egyptian saint
Other Scripts: Ισις (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: IE-sis (English)
Greek form of Egyptian Ist
(reconstructed as Iset
), which possibly meant "the throne". In Egyptian mythology
Isis was the goddess of the sky and nature, the wife of Osiris
and the mother of Horus
. She was originally depicted wearing a throne-shaped headdress, but in later times she was conflated with the goddess Hathor
and depicted having the horns of a cow on her head. She was also worshipped by people outside of Egypt, such as the Greeks and Romans.
Medieval English form of Johanne
, an Old French form of Iohanna
). This was the usual English feminine form of John
in the Middle Ages, but it was surpassed in popularity by Jane
in the 17th century.
This name (in various spellings) has been common among European royalty, being borne by ruling queens of Naples, Navarre and Castile. Another famous bearer was Joan of Arc, a patron saint of France (where she is known as Jeanne d'Arc). She was a 15th-century peasant girl who, after claiming she heard messages from God, was given leadership of the French army. She defeated the English in the battle of Orléans but was eventually captured and burned at the stake.
Other notable bearers include the actress Joan Crawford (1904-1977) and the comedian Joan Rivers (1933-2014), both Americans.
Portuguese and Catalan form of JOACHIM
Pronounced: yuy-lee-AH-nah (Dutch), yoo-LYA-na (German), joo-lee-AHN-ə (English), khoo-LYA-na (Spanish)
Feminine form of Iulianus
). This was the name of a 4th-century saint
and martyr from Nicomedia, and also of the Blessed Juliana of Norwich, also called Julian, a 14th-century mystic and author. The name was also borne by a 20th-century queen of the Netherlands. In England, this form has been in use since the 18th century, alongside the older form Gillian
Other Scripts: 花音, etc. (Japanese Kanji)
From Japanese 花 (ka)
meaning "flower, blossom" and 音 (non)
meaning "sound". Other kanji combinations are possible as well.
Other Scripts: 琴音, etc. (Japanese Kanji)
From Japanese 琴 (koto)
, which refers to a type of musical instrument similar to a harp, combined with 音 (ne)
meaning "sound". Other kanji combinations are also possible.
Pronounced: LE-o (German, Danish, Finnish), LAY-o (Dutch), LEE-o (English)
Derived from Latin leo
meaning "lion", a cognate
. It was popular among early Christians and was the name of 13 popes, including Saint
Leo the Great who asserted the dominance of the Roman bishops (the popes) over all others in the 5th century. It was also borne by six Byzantine emperors and five Armenian kings. Another famous bearer was Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), a Russian novelist whose works include 'War and Peace' and 'Anna Karenina'. Leo is also the name of a constellation and the fifth sign of the zodiac.
Pronounced: le-o-POL-dho (Spanish)
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of LEOPOLD
Other Scripts: Лев (Russian)
Means "lion" in Russian, functioning as a vernacular form of Leo
. This was the real Russian name of both author Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) and revolutionary Leon Trotsky (1879-1940).
Other Scripts: Λινος (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: LIE-nəs (English), LEE-nuws (German, Swedish)
From the Greek name Λινος (Linos)
meaning "flax". In Greek legend he was the son of the god Apollo
, who accidentally killed him in a contest. Another son of Apollo by this name was the music teacher of Herakles
. The name was also borne by the second pope, serving after Saint Peter
in the 1st century. In modern times this was the name of a character in Charles Schulz's comic strip 'Peanuts'.
Pronounced: LWEE (French), LOO-is (English), LOO-ee (English), loo-EE (Dutch)
French form of Ludovicus
, the Latinized form of LUDWIG
. This was the name of 18 kings of France, starting with Louis I the son of Charlemagne
. Others include Louis IX (Saint
Louis) who led two crusades and Louis XIV (called the Sun King) who was the ruler of France during the height of its power, the builder of the Palace of Versailles, and the longest reigning monarch in the history of Europe. It was also borne by kings of Germany (as Ludwig
), Hungary (as Lajos
), and other places.
Apart from royalty, this name was only moderately popular in France during the Middle Ages. After the French Revolution, when Louis XVI was guillotined, it became less common.
The Normans brought the name to England, where it was usually spelled Lewis, though the spelling Louis has been more common in America. Famous bearers include French scientist Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), Métis leader Louis Riel (1844-1885), who led a rebellion against Canada, Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894), who wrote 'Treasure Island' and 'Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde', and American jazz musician Louis Armstrong (1901-1971).
Pronounced: law-REN-soo (European Portuguese), law-REN-soo (Brazilian Portuguese)
From the Roman cognomen Lucanus
, which was derived from the name of the city of Luca in Tuscany (modern Lucca). Marcus Annaeus Lucanus, commonly called Lucan, was a 1st-century Roman poet.
Pronounced: LOO-kəs (English), LUY-kahs (Dutch), LUY-KA (French), LOO-kəsh (Portuguese), LOO-kas (Spanish, Classical Latin)
Latin form of Loukas
This name was first used by the poet Richard Lovelace for a collection of poems called 'Lucasta' (1649). The poems were dedicated to Lucasta, a nickname for the woman he loved Lucy Sacheverel, who he called lux casta "pure light".
Gender: Feminine & Masculine
Pronounced: LUKS (English)
Derived from Latin lux meaning "light".
Portuguese and German form of LUCIA
Pronounced: LIE-rə (English)
The name of the constellation in the northern sky containing the star Vega. It is said to be shaped after the lyre of Orpheus.
Pronounced: ma-FAL-da (Italian), mə-FAL-də (Portuguese)
Italian and Portuguese form of MATILDA
Other Scripts: Μαια (Ancient Greek), მაია (Georgian)
Pronounced: MIE-A (Classical Greek), MAY-ə (English), MIE-ə (English)
Meaning unknown. In Greek and Roman mythology
she was the eldest of the Pleiades, the group of seven stars in the constellation Taurus, who were the daughters of Atlas
and Pleione. Her son by Zeus
Pronounced: MAHR-grit, MAHR-gə-rit
Derived from Latin Margarita
, which was from Greek μαργαριτης (margarites)
meaning "pearl", probably ultimately a borrowing from Sanskrit मञ्यरी (manyari)
Margaret, the patron of expectant mothers, was martyred at Antioch in the 4th century. Later legends told of her escape from a dragon, with which she was often depicted in medieval art. The saint was popular during the Middle Ages, and her name has been widely used in the Christian world.
Other saints by this name include a queen of Scotland and a princess of Hungary. It was also borne by Queen Margaret I of Denmark, who united Denmark, Sweden, and Norway in the 14th century. Famous literary bearers include American writer Margaret Mitchell (1900-1949), the author of 'Gone with the Wind', and Canadian writer Margaret Atwood (1939-).
Pronounced: mar-ga-REE-də (Portuguese)
Portuguese, Galician, Catalan and Occitan form of MARGARET
. This is also the Portuguese and Galician word for the daisy flower (species Leucanthemum vulgare).
Pronounced: mə-RYA-nə (Portuguese), ma-RYA-na (Spanish)
Roman feminine form of MARIANUS
. After the classical era it was frequently interpreted as a combination of MARIA
. In Portuguese it is further used as a form of MARIAMNE
Pronounced: MER-ee (English), MAR-ee (English)
Usual English form of Maria
, the Latin form of the New Testament
Greek names Μαριαμ (Mariam)
and Μαρια (Maria)
- the spellings are interchangeable - which were from Hebrew מִרְיָם (Miryam)
, a name borne by the sister of Moses
in the Old Testament
. The meaning is not known for certain, but there are several theories including "sea of bitterness", "rebelliousness", and "wished for child". However it was most likely originally an Egyptian name, perhaps derived in part from mry
"beloved" or mr
This is the name of several New Testament characters, most importantly Mary the mother of Jesus. According to the gospels, Jesus was conceived in her by the Holy Spirit while she remained a virgin. This name was also borne by Mary Magdalene, a woman cured of demons by Jesus. She became one of his followers and later witnessed his crucifixion and resurrection.
Due to the Virgin Mary this name has been very popular in the Christian world, though at certain times in some cultures it has been considered too holy for everyday use. In England it has been used since the 12th century, and it has been among the most common feminine names since the 16th century. The Latinized form Maria is also used in English as well as in several other languages.
This name has been borne by two queens of England, as well as a Queen of Scotland, Mary Queen of Scots. Another notable bearer was Mary Shelley (1797-1851), the author of 'Frankenstein'. A famous fictional character by this name is Mary Poppins from the children's books by P. L. Travers, first published in 1934.
Pronounced: MAH-tee-ahs (Finnish)
Finnish and Portuguese form of MATTHIAS
Pronounced: MAWD (English), MOD (French)
Usual medieval form of MATILDA
. Though it became rare after the 14th century, it was revived and once more grew popular in the 19th century, perhaps due to Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem 'Maud' (1855).
Pronounced: mak-see-mee-LYA-no (Spanish)
Spanish and Portuguese form of Maximilianus
Derived from the name of the month of May, which derives from Maia
, the name of a Roman goddess. May is also another name of the hawthorn flower. It is also used as a diminutive
Derived from Latin mirabilis "wonderful". This name was coined during the Middle Ages, though it eventually died out. It was briefly revived in the 19th century.
Pronounced: nee-koo-LOW (Portuguese)
Portuguese, Galician and Catalan form of NICHOLAS
From the Breton phrase Noyal Gwenn
meaning "holy one from Noyal". This was the epithet of a 6th-century saint
and martyr from Brittany.
Derived from Latin novus meaning "new". It was first used as a name in the 19th century.
Portuguese, Slovak and Hungarian form of OLIVIA
Means "maiden's voice", derived from Greek παρθενος (parthenos)
"maiden, virgin" and οψ (ops)
"voice". In Greek legend this is the name of one of the Sirens who enticed Odysseus
Pronounced: PATH (European Spanish), PAS (Latin American Spanish)
Means "peace" in Spanish. It is taken from the title of the Virgin Mary
, Nuestra Señora de la Paz
, meaning "Our Lady of Peace".
Pronounced: pi-NEL-ə-pee (English)
Possibly derived from Greek πηνελοψ (penelops)
, a type of duck. Alternatively it could be from πηνη (pene)
"threads, weft" and ωψ (ops)
"face, eye". In Homer
's epic the 'Odyssey' this is the name of the wife of Odysseus
, forced to fend off suitors while her husband is away fighting at Troy. It has occasionally been used as an English given name since the 16th century.
Derived from Latin perditus
meaning "lost". Shakespeare
created this name for the daughter of Hermione in his play 'The Winter's Tale' (1610).
Pronounced: FIL-ə-mel (English)
From an English word meaning "nightingale" (ultimately from PHILOMELA
). It has been used frequently in poetry to denote the bird.
From the medieval name Plaisance which meant "pleasant" in Old French.
Means "abounding in song", derived from Greek πολυς (polys)
"much" and ‘υμνος (hymnos)
"song, hymn". In Greek mythology
she was the goddess of dance and sacred songs, one of the nine Muses.
From the English word for the flower, ultimately deriving from Latin prima rosa "first rose".
Means "mercy of God" in Hebrew. The Book of Enoch names him as one of the seven archangels.
Pronounced: RO-ke (Spanish)
Spanish and Portuguese form of ROCCO
Derived from the Germanic elements hros
"horse" and mund
"protection". The Normans
introduced this name to England. It was subsequently influenced by the Latin phrase rosa munda
"pure rose". This was the name of the mistress of Henry II, the king of England in the 12th century. She was possibly murdered by his wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Pronounced: SAH-gah (Swedish)
Possibly means "seeing one" in Old Norse
. This was the name of the Norse goddess of poetry and history, sometimes identified with the goddess Frigg
. This is also a modern Swedish word meaning "story, fairy tale".
Pronounced: SA-LAW-ME (French), sə-loo-ME (Portuguese)
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of SALOME
Latinized form of SELENE
. This name was borne by popular Mexican-American singer Selena Quintanilla (1971-1995), who was known simply as Selena.
Feminine form of SIDONIUS
. This name was in use in the Middle Ages, when it became associated with the word sindon
(of Greek origin) meaning "linen", a reference to the Shroud of Turin.
Anglicized form of the Old Norse
meaning "summer traveller". This was the name of a 12th-century Scottish warlord who created a kingdom on the Scottish islands.
From the name of the season, ultimately from Old English springan
"to leap, to burst forth".
Romanian form of STELLA (1)
, derived from Latin stella
meaning "star" (modern Romanian stea
From the name of the season, ultimately from Old English sumor
. It has been in use as a given name since the 1970s.
Scandinavian form of the Old English
, which meant "sun gift" from the Old English elements sunne
"sun" and giefu
"gift". This was the name of a legendary English saint
who was shipwrecked in Norway and killed by the inhabitants.
Other Scripts: Теодора (Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian)
Pronounced: te-o-DO-ra (Italian), te-o-DHO-ra (Spanish), te-aw-DAW-ra (Polish)
Feminine form of Theodoros
Pronounced: te-O-fee-lo (Spanish)
Pronounced: thee-ə-DAWR-ə (English)
Feminine form of THEODORE
. This name was common in the Byzantine Empire, being borne by several empresses including the influential wife of Justinian in the 6th century.
From the Greek name Θεοδωρος (Theodoros)
, which meant "gift of god" from Greek θεος (theos)
"god" and δωρον (doron)
"gift". The name Dorothea
is derived from the same roots in reverse order. This was the name of several saints
, including Theodore of Amasea, a 4th-century Greek soldier; Theodore of Tarsus, a 7th-century archbishop of Canterbury; and Theodore the Studite, a 9th-century Byzantine monk. It was also borne by two popes.
This was a common name in classical Greece, and, due to both the saints who carried it and the favourable meaning, it came into general use in the Christian world, being especially popular among Eastern Christians. It was however rare in Britain before the 19th century. Famous bearers include three tsars of Russia (in the Russian form Fyodor) and American president Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919).
Usage: English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Greek, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: Θωμας (Greek)
Pronounced: TAHM-əs (American English), TAWM-əs (British English), TAW-MA (French), TO-mas (German), TO-mahs (Dutch), tho-MAHS (Greek)
Greek form of the Aramaic name תָּאוֹמָא (Ta'oma')
which meant "twin". In the New Testament
this is the name of an apostle. When he heard that Jesus
had risen from the dead he initially doubted the story, until Jesus appeared before him and he examined his wounds himself. According to tradition he was martyred in India. Due to his renown, the name came into general use in the Christian world.
In England the name was introduced by the Normans and became very popular due to Saint Thomas Becket, a 12th-century archbishop of Canterbury and martyr. Another notable saint by this name was the 13th-century Italian philosopher and theologian Thomas Aquinas, who is regarded as a Doctor of the Church. Other famous bearers include philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), American president Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), novelist Thomas Hardy (1840-1928), and inventor Thomas Edison (1847-1931).
Medieval feminine form of THOMAS
Pronounced: to-MAS (Spanish), too-MASH (Portuguese)
Spanish, Portuguese and Irish form of THOMAS
Portuguese, Hungarian and Slovak feminine form of VALERIUS
Pronounced: vee-o-LAN-te (Italian)
Pronounced: VEE-ta (Italian)
Pronounced: VAWLF-gang (German), WUWLF-gang (English)
Derived from the Germanic elements wulf
meaning "wolf" and gang
"path". Two famous bearers of this name were Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) and German novelist and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832).
From the English word for the small songbird. It is ultimately derived from Old English wrenna
Pronounced: ZAY-vyər (English), ig-ZAY-vyər (English), GZA-VYE (French), shu-VYER (European Portuguese), sha-vee-ER (Brazilian Portuguese), shə-bee-E (Catalan)
Derived from the Basque place name Etxeberria
meaning "the new house". This was the surname of the Jesuit priest Saint
Francis Xavier (1506-1552) who was borne in a village of this name. He was a missionary to India, Japan, China, and other areas in East Asia, and he is the patron saint of the Orient and missionaries. His surname has since been adopted as a given name in his honour, chiefly among Catholics.
Means "she-wolf", a derivative of Old Norse úlfr
French feminine form of Zephyrinus
Pronounced: DZEE-ta (Italian), TSEE-ta (German)
Means "little girl" in Tuscan Italian. This was the name of a 13th-century saint
, the patron saint of servants.
Copyright © Mike Campbell 1996-2017.