LullabyMoon11's Personal Name List

ABIDEMI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Western African, Yoruba

Means "born during father's absence" in Yoruba.

ABITAL

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Biblical

Other Scripts: אֲבִיטָל (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: AB-i-tal (English)

Means "my father is the night dew" in Hebrew. She is the fifth wife of David in the Old Testament.

ADONIRAM

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Biblical

Other Scripts: אֲדֹנִירָם (Ancient Hebrew)

Means "my lord is exalted" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of an overseer of tribute under the kings David, Solomon and Rehoboam. He was stoned to death when the Israelites revolted.

AFZAL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Arabic

Other Scripts: أفضل (Arabic)

Means "better, superior" in Arabic.

AHARON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew

Other Scripts: אַהֲרֹן (Hebrew)

Hebrew form of AARON

AIDAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish, Scottish, English (Modern)

Pronounced: AY-dən

Personal note: Guilty pleasure

Anglicized form of AODHÁN. In the latter part of the 20th century it became popular in America due to its sound, since it uses the same fashionable aden suffix sound found in such names as Braden and Hayden.

AKSELI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Finnish

Pronounced: AHK-se-lee

Finnish form of AXEL

ALBA (1)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Spanish, Catalan

Pronounced: AHL-bah (Italian, Spanish), AHL-bə (Catalan)

Personal note: Grown on me, but i don't like Jessica Alba

This name is derived from two distinct names, ALBA (2) and ALBA (3), with distinct origins, Latin and Germanic. Over time these names have become confused with one another. To further complicate the matter, alba means "dawn" in Italian, Spanish and Catalan. This may be the main inspiration behind its use in Italy and Spain.

ALEKSANDRU

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Medieval Slavic

Other Scripts: Алеѯандръ (Church Slavic)

Old Slavic form of ALEXANDER

ALEKSANTERI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Finnish

Pronounced: AH-lek-sahn-te-ree

Finnish form of ALEXANDER

ALEXANDER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Hungarian, Slovak, Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)

Other Scripts: Αλεξανδρος (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: al-əg-ZAN-dər (English), ah-lek-SAHN-der (German), ah-lək-SAHN-dər (Dutch)

Personal note: My favourite boys name

Latinized form of the Greek name Αλεξανδρος (Alexandros), which meant "defending men" from Greek αλεξω (alexo) "to defend, help" and ανηρ (aner) "man" (genitive ανδρος). In Greek mythology this was another name of the hero Paris, and it also belongs to several characters in the New Testament. However, the most famous bearer was Alexander the Great, King of Macedon. In the 4th century BC he built a huge empire out of Greece, Egypt, Persia, and parts of India. Due to his fame, and later medieval tales involving him, use of his name spread throughout Europe.

The name has been used by kings of Scotland, Poland and Yugoslavia, emperors of Russia, and eight popes. Other notable bearers include English poet Alexander Pope (1688-1744), American statesman Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804), Scottish-Canadian explorer Sir Alexander MacKenzie (1764-1820), Russian poet Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837), and Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922), the Scottish-Canadian-American inventor of the telephone.

ALEXIS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: German, French, English, Greek, Ancient Greek

Other Scripts: Αλεξης (Greek), Αλεξις (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: ah-LEK-sis (German), al-ek-SEE (French), ə-LEK-sis (English)

Personal note: ONLY on a boy!

From the Greek name Αλεξις (Alexis), which meant "helper" or "defender", derived from Greek αλεξω (alexo) "to defend, to help". This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Greek comic poet, and also of several saints. It is used somewhat interchangeably with the related name Αλεξιος or Alexius, borne by five Byzantine emperors. In the English-speaking world it is more commonly used as a feminine name.

ALICE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, French, Portuguese, Italian

Pronounced: AL-is (English), a-LEES (French), ah-LEE-che (Italian)

From the Old French name Aalis, a short form of Adelais, itself a short form of the Germanic name Adalheidis (see ADELAIDE). This name became popular in France and England in the 12th century. It was borne by the heroine of Lewis Carroll's 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' (1865) and 'Through the Looking Glass' (1871).

ALINA (2)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Romanian, German, Italian, Polish

Pronounced: ah-LEE-nah (German, Italian, Polish)

Short form of ADELINA and names that end in alina.

ÁLMOS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Hungarian

Pronounced: AHL-mosh

Means "sleepy, dreamy" in Hungarian. This was the name of the semi-legendary father of Árpád, the founder of the Hungarian state. Álmos's mother Emese supposedly had a dream in which a turul bird impregnated her and foretold that her son would be the father of a great nation.

AMAIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Basque

Means "the end" in Basque. This is also the name of a mountain and a village in the Basque region of Spain.

AMIAS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English (Rare)

Variant of AMYAS

ANAÏS

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Occitan, Catalan, French

Pronounced: a-na-EES (French)

Occitan and Catalan form of ANNA

ANASTASIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Greek, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, English, Spanish, Italian, Ancient Greek

Other Scripts: Αναστασια (Greek), Анастасия (Russian), Анастасія (Ukrainian, Belarusian)

Pronounced: ah-nah-stah-SEE-yah (Russian), a-nə-STAY-zhə (English), a-nə-STAS-yə (English), ah-nahs-TAH-syah (Spanish), ah-nahs-TAH-zyah (Italian)

Personal note: a-na-STAH-see-ya

Feminine form of ANASTASIUS. This was the name of a 4th-century Dalmatian saint who was martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian. Due to her, the name has been common in Eastern Orthodox Christianity (in various spellings). As an English name it has been in use since the Middle Ages. A famous bearer was the youngest daughter of the last Russian tsar Nicholas II, who was rumoured to have escaped the execution of her family in 1918.

ANASTASIJA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Macedonian, Serbian

Other Scripts: Анастаија (Macedonian, Serbian)

Personal note: I like j's in names (the y sound)

Macedonian and Serbian form of ANASTASIA

ANDOR (2)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Hungarian

Variant of ANDRÁS

ANDREAS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: German, Greek, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Welsh, Ancient Greek, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek

Other Scripts: Ανδρεας, Ανδριας (Greek)

Pronounced: ahn-DRE-ahs (German), ahn-DRHAY-ahs (Dutch)

Ancient Greek and Latin form of ANDREW. It is also the form used in modern Greek, German and Welsh.

ANNA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Czech, Slovak, Bulgarian, Icelandic, Catalan, Occitan, Breton, Biblical, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek

Other Scripts: Αννα (Greek), Анна (Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Church Slavic)

Pronounced: AN-a (English), AHN-nah (Italian, Dutch, Finnish, Polish), AH-nah (German, Russian), AN-nah (Danish)

Personal note: I didn't really like it at first but now i love it!

Form of Channah (see HANNAH) used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament. Many later Old Testament translations, including the English, use the Hannah spelling instead of Anna. The name appears briefly in the New Testament belonging to a prophetess who recognized Jesus as the Messiah. It was a popular name in the Byzantine Empire from an early date, and in the Middle Ages it became common among Western Christians due to veneration of Saint Anna (usually known as Saint Anne in English), the name traditionally assigned to the mother of the Virgin Mary. In the English-speaking world, this form came into general use in the 18th century, joining Ann and Anne.

The name was borne by several Russian royals, including an 18th-century empress of Russia. It was also the name of the main character in Leo Tolstoy's novel 'Anna Karenina' (1877), a woman forced to choose between her son and her lover.

ANNE (1)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, German, Dutch, Basque

Pronounced: AHN (French), AN (English), AN-ne (Danish), AHN-ne (Finnish), AH-nə (German), AHN-nə (Dutch)

French form of ANNA. In the 13th-century it was imported to England, where it was also commonly spelled Ann. The name was borne by a 17th-century English queen and also by the second wife of Henry VIII, Anne Boleyn (the mother of Queen Elizabeth I), who was eventually beheaded in the Tower of London. This is also the name of the heroine in 'Anne of Green Gables' (1908) by Canadian author L. M. Montgomery.

ANNELIEN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Dutch

Pronounced: ahn-nə-LEEN

Combination of ANNA and lien (from names such as CAROLIEN).

ANSELM

Gender: Masculine

Usage: German, English (Rare), Ancient Germanic

Pronounced: AHN-zelm (German), AN-selm (English)

Derived from the Germanic elements ans "god" and helm "helmet, protection". This name was brought to England in the late 11th century by Saint Anselm, who was born in northern Italy. He was archbishop of Canterbury and a Doctor of the Church.

ANSGAR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Ancient Germanic

Pronounced: AHNS-gahr (German)

Derived from the Germanic elements ans "god" and ger "spear". Saint Ansgar was a 9th-century missionary who tried to convert the Danes and Norwegians.

ANYA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Russian

Other Scripts: Аня (Russian)

Personal note: But not Ania or Anja

Russian diminutive of ANNA

ARIADNE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Greek Mythology

Other Scripts: Αριαδνη (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: ah-ree-AHD-ne (Ancient Greek), ar-ee-AD-nee (English)

Means "most holy", composed of the Cretan Greek elements αρι (ari) "most" and αδνος (adnos) "holy". In Greek mythology, Ariadne was the daughter of King Minos. She fell in love with Theseus and helped him to escape the Labyrinth and the Minotaur, but was later abandoned by him. Eventually she married the god Dionysus.

ARTAXERXES

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Ancient Persian (Hellenized), History, Biblical

Greek form of the Persian name Artakhshathra meaning "righteous ruler". This was the name of a 3rd-century king of Persia who defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanid Empire. He also established Zoroastrianism as the state religion.

ARTEMISIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Ancient Greek

Other Scripts: Αρτεμισια (Ancient Greek)

Feminine form of ARTEMISIOS. This was the name of the 4th-century BC builder of the Mausoleum, one of the seven wonders of the world. She built it in memory of her husband, the Carian prince Mausolus.

ARTEMISIOS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Ancient Greek

Other Scripts: Αρτεμισιος (Ancient Greek)

From an ancient Greek name which was derived from the name of the Greek goddess ARTEMIS.

ARTHUR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, French, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, Welsh Mythology, Arthurian Romance

Pronounced: AHR-thər (English), ar-TUYR (French), AHR-toor (German), AHR-tur (Dutch)

The meaning of this name is unknown. It could be derived from the Celtic elements artos "bear" combined with viros "man" or rigos "king". Alternatively it could be related to an obscure Roman family name Artorius. Arthur is the name of the central character in Arthurian legend, a 6th-century king of the Britons who resisted Saxon invaders. He may or may not have been a real person. He first appears in Welsh poems and chronicles (some possibly as early as the 7th century) but his character was not developed until the chronicles of the 12th-century Geoffrey of Monmouth.

The name came into general use in England in the Middle Ages due to the prevalence of Arthurian romances, and it enjoyed a surge of popularity in the 19th century. Famous bearers include German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860), mystery author and Sherlock Holmes creator Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930), and science-fiction author Arthur C. Clarke (1917-2008).

ARTYOM

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian

Other Scripts: Артём (Russian)

Pronounced: ahr-TYOM

Russian form of ARTEMIOS

ASHERAH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Near Eastern Mythology

Personal note: ah-SHEH-rah

Perhaps derived from Semitic roots meaning "she who walks in the sea". This was the name of an ancient Israelite goddess.

AUDREY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: AWD-ree

Medieval diminutive of ÆÐELÞRYÐ. This was the name of a 7th-century saint, a princess of East Anglia who founded a monastery at Ely. It was also borne by a character in Shakespeare's comedy 'As You Like It' (1599). At the end of the Middle Ages the name became rare due to association with the word tawdry (which was derived from St. Audrey, the name of a fair where cheap lace was sold), but it was revived in the 19th century. A famous bearer was British actress Audrey Hepburn (1929-1993).

AURELIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Ancient Roman, Italian, Romanian, Polish

Pronounced: ow-RE-lyah (Italian), ow-REL-yah (Polish)

Feminine form of AURELIUS

AYSEL

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Turkish, Azerbaijani

Means "moon stream" in Turkish and Azerbaijani.

AYTAÇ

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Turkish

Personal note: Porbably more the meaning than the name itself

Means "moon crown" in Turkish.

BARBARA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Italian, French, German, Polish, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Late Roman

Pronounced: BAHR-bər-ə (English), BAHR-brə (English), BAHR-bah-rah (German), bahr-BAH-rah (Polish)

Derived from Greek βαρβαρος (barbaros) meaning "foreign". According to legend, Saint Barbara was a young woman killed by her father Dioscorus, who was then killed by a bolt of lightning. She is the patron of architects, geologists, stonemasons and artillerymen. Because of her renown, the name came into general use in the Christian world in the Middle Ages. In England it became rare after the Protestant Reformation, but it was revived in the 19th century.

BERNADETTE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, English

Pronounced: ber-na-DET (French)

French feminine form of BERNARD. Saint Bernadette was a young woman from Lourdes in France who claimed to have seen visions of the Virgin Mary.

BERTIL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish

Scandinavian form of BERTHOLD

BETTY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: BET-ee

Personal note: nn for Elizabeth...or even Bertha (my great grandmother)

Diminutive of ELIZABETH

BOAZ

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew

Other Scripts: בֹּעַז (Hebrew)

Pronounced: BO-az (English)

Personal note: As in Boaz Mauda. Awesome!

Means "swiftness" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the husband of Ruth.

BOJAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Бојан (Serbian, Macedonian)

Pronounced: BO-yahn (Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian)

Derived from the Slavic element boji meaning "battle". This was the name of a 9th-century Bulgarian saint.

BOLORMAA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Mongolian

Means "crystal mother" in Mongolian.

CAITRIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Irish

Possibly a form of CAITRÍONA

CASIMIR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, French

Pronounced: KAZ-i-meer (English)

Personal note: Not such a great meaning, though.

English form of the Polish name Kazimierz, derived from the Slavic element kaziti "to destroy" combined with miru "peace, world". Four kings of Poland have borne this name, including Casimir III the Great, who greatly strengthened the Polish state in the 14th century. It was also borne Saint Casimir, a 15th-century Polish prince and a patron saint of Poland and Lithuania. The name was imported into Western Europe via Germany, where it was borne by some royalty.

CASPIAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Literature

Pronounced: KAS-pee-ən (English)

Used by author C. S. Lewis for a character in his 'Chronicles of Narnia' series, first appearing in 1950. Prince Caspian first appears in the fourth book, where he is the rightful king of Narnia driven into exile by his evil uncle Miraz. Lewis probably based the name on the Caspian Sea, which was named for the city of Qazvin, which was itself named for the ancient Cas tribe.

CEDRIC

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: SED-rik

Invented by Sir Walter Scott for a character in his novel 'Ivanhoe' (1819). Apparently he based it on the actual name Cerdic, the name of the semi-legendary founder of the kingdom of Wessex in the 6th century. The meaning of Cerdic is uncertain, but it does not appear to be Old English in origin. It could be connected to the Brythonic name CARATACOS. The name was also used by Frances Hodgson Burnett for the main character in her novel 'Little Lord Fauntleroy' (1886).

CHARLOTTE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch

Pronounced: shar-LOT (French), SHAHR-lət (English), shahr-LAW-tə (German), shahr-LAWT-tə (Dutch)

French feminine diminutive of CHARLES. It was introduced to Britain in the 17th century. A notable bearer was Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855), the eldest of the three Bronte sisters and the author of 'Jane Eyre' and 'Villette'.

CHARNA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Yiddish

From a Slavic word meaning "black".

CHIAMAKA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Western African, Igbo

Means "God is beautiful" in Igbo.

CHOLPON

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Kyrgyz

Other Scripts: Чолпон (Kyrgyz)

Means "Venus (the planet)" in Kyrgyz.

ĈIELA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Esperanto

Pronounced: chee-E-lah

Means "heavenly, from the sky" in Esperanto.

COLETTE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French

Pronounced: ko-LET

Short form of NICOLETTE. Saint Colette was a 15th-century French nun who gave her money to the poor. This was also the pen name of the French author Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette (1873-1954).

CORA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, German

Pronounced: KAWR-ə (English)

Personal note: From Downton (not that i watch that show though)

Created by James Fenimore Cooper for his novel 'The Last of the Mohicans' (1826). He may have based it on KORË or CORINNA.

COSMO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: KAWZ-mo

English form of COSMAS. It was introduced to Britain in the 18th century by the second Scottish Duke of Gordon, who named his son and successor after his friend Cosimo III de' Medici.

CSILLA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Hungarian

Pronounced: CHEEL-law

Derived from Hungarian csillag meaning "star". This name was created by the Hungarian poet Mihály Vörösmarty in the 19th century.

DAFINA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Albanian, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Дафина (Macedonian)

Albanian and Macedonian form of DAPHNE

DAGMAR

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Icelandic, German, Czech, Finnish

Pronounced: DAHK-mahr (German), DAHG-mahr (Finnish)

From the Old Norse name Dagmær, derived from the elements dagr "day" and mær "maid". This was the name adopted by the popular Bohemian wife of the Danish king Valdemar II when they married in 1205. Her birth name was Markéta.

DAGNY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish

From the Old Norse name Dagný, which was derived from the elements dagr "day" and "new".

DAMIR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Croatian, Serbian, Slovene

Other Scripts: Дамир (Serbian)

Pronounced: DAH-meer (Croatian, Serbian)

Possibly derived from the Slavic elements dan "given" and miru "peace, world". Otherwise, it might be of Turkic origin.

DANICA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Slovak, Czech, Macedonian, English

Other Scripts: Даница (Serbian, Macedonian)

Personal note: dah-NEE-tsa

From a Slavic word meaning "morning star, Venus". This name occurs in Slavic folklore as a personification of the morning star. It has sometimes been used in the English-speaking world since the 1970s.

DANIELA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: German, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Romanian, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Slovene, English

Pronounced: dahn-YE-lah (German, Polish)

Feminine form of DANIEL

DANIILU

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Old Church Slavic

Other Scripts: Данїилъ (Church Slavic)

Old Slavic form of DANIEL

DANTE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Italian

Pronounced: DAHN-te

Medieval short form of DURANTE. The most notable bearer of this name was Dante Alighieri, the 13th-century Italian poet who wrote 'The Divine Comedy'.

DANUTA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Polish

Pronounced: dah-NUW-tah

Polish form of DANUTĖ

DANUTĖ

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Lithuanian

Meaning uncertain. It could be a feminine form of DANIEL or a form of DONATA. It is found in Lithuania from the 14th century.

DAPHNE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Greek Mythology, English, Dutch

Other Scripts: Δαφνη (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: DAF-nee (English), DAHF-nə (Dutch)

Means "laurel" in Greek. In Greek mythology she was a nymph turned into a laurel tree by her father in order that she might escape the pursuit of Apollo. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the end of the 19th century.

DARDAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Albanian

From the name of the Dardani, an Illyrian tribe who lived on the Balkan Peninsula. Their name may derive from an Illyrian word meaning "pear". They were unrelated to the ancient people who were also called the Dardans who lived near Troy.

DARIUS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Lithuanian, Romanian, Biblical, Biblical Latin

Pronounced: də-RIE-əs (English), DER-ee-əs (English), DAR-ee-əs (English)

Personal note: I kinda like it less now...

Roman form of Δαρειος (Dareios), which was the Greek form of the Persian name Dārayavahush, which was composed of the elements dâraya "to possess" and vahu "good". Three ancient kings of Persia bore this name, including Darius the Great who invaded Greece but was defeated in the Battle of Marathon. It has never been very common as a given name in the English-speaking world, though it rose in popularity after the middle of the 20th century.

DAVOR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Croatian, Serbian, Slovene

Other Scripts: Давор (Serbian)

Possibly from an old Slavic exclamation expressing joy or sorrow.

DEMETRIOS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Greek, Ancient Greek

Other Scripts: Δημητριος (Greek)

Original Greek form of DEMETRIUS

DESIDERIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Spanish, Late Roman

Feminine form of DESIDERIO. This was the Latin name of a 19th-century queen of Sweden, the wife of Karl XIV. She was born in France with the name Désirée.

DESIDERIO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Italian, Spanish

Italian and Spanish form of DESIDERIUS

DIEDERIK

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Dutch

Pronounced: DEE-də-rik

Dutch form of THEODORIC

DİLEK

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Turkish

Means "wish, desire" in Turkish.

DIMA (2)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian

Other Scripts: Дима (Russian)

Pronounced: DEE-mah

Personal note: Dima Bilan, and my hamster's name (R.I.P)

Diminutive of DIMITRI

DMITRY

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian

Other Scripts: Дмитрий (Russian)

Pronounced: DMEE-tree

Variant transcription of DMITRIY

DOLORES

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Spanish, English

Pronounced: do-LO-res (Spanish), də-LAWR-is (English)

Means "sorrows", taken from the Spanish title of the Virgin Mary María de los Dolores, meaning "Mary of Sorrows". It has been used in the English-speaking world since the 19th century, becoming especially popular in America during the 1920s and 30s.

DONAR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Germanic Mythology

Continental Germanic cognate of Þórr (see THOR).

DORIS

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, German, Croatian, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology

Other Scripts: Δωρις (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: DAWR-is (English), DO-ris (German)

From the ancient Greek name Δωρις (Doris) which meant "Dorian woman". The Dorians were a Greek tribe who occupied the Peloponnese starting in the 12th century BC. In Greek mythology Doris was a sea nymph, one of the many children of Oceanus and Tethys. It began to be used as an English name in the 19th century. A famous bearer is the American actress Doris Day (1924-).

DRAHOMÍRA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Czech

Czech feminine form of DRAGOMIR

DURAI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Tamil

Means "chief, leader" in Tamil.

DUŠAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Czech, Serbian, Croatian, Slovak, Slovene, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Душан (Serbian, Macedonian)

Derived from Slavic dusha meaning "soul, spirit".

ELENA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Spanish, Bulgarian, Romanian, Macedonian, Croatian, Slovene, Lithuanian, Russian, German, Medieval Slavic

Other Scripts: Елена (Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Church Slavic)

Pronounced: E-le-nah (Italian), e-LE-nah (Spanish), ye-LYE-nah (Russian), ee-LYE-nah (Russian)

Personal note: e-LE:-nah

Cognate of HELEN, and a variant Russian transcription of YELENA.

ELENORA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: el-ə-NAWR-ə

Form of ELEANOR

ELERI

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Welsh

Meaning unknown. In Welsh legend she was the daughter of the chieftain Brychan.

ELIZABETH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Biblical

Pronounced: i-LIZ-ə-bəth (English)

From Ελισαβετ (Elisabet), the Greek form of the Hebrew name אֱלִישֶׁבַע ('Elisheva') meaning "my God is an oath" or perhaps "my God is abundance". The Hebrew form appears in the Old Testament where Elisheba is the wife of Aaron, while the Greek form appears in the New Testament where Elizabeth is the mother of John the Baptist.

Among Christians, this name was originally more common in Eastern Europe. It was borne in the 12th century by Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, a daughter of King Andrew II who used her wealth to help the poor. In medieval England it was occasionally used in honour of the saint, though the form Isabel (from Occitan and Spanish) was more common. It has been very popular in England since the reign of Queen Elizabeth I in the 16th century. Famous modern bearers include the British queen Elizabeth II (1926-) and actress Elizabeth Taylor (1932-2011).

EMIL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Czech, Polish, Slovene, Hungarian, Romanian, Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, English

Other Scripts: Емил (Bulgarian, Serbian, Macedonian)

Pronounced: E-meel (German, Polish), e-MEEL (English)

From the Roman family name Aemilius, which was derived from Latin aemulus meaning "rival".

ENDER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Turkish

Means "very rare" in Turkish.

ENDZELA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Georgian

Other Scripts: ენძელა (Georgian)

Means "snowdrop flower" in Georgian (genus Galanthus).

ENID

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Welsh, Welsh Mythology, Arthurian Romance

Personal note: guilty pleasure

Derived from Welsh enaid meaning "soul" or "life". She is the wife of Geraint in Welsh legend and Arthurian romance.

ENKI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Near Eastern Mythology

Pronounced: EN-kee

Personal note: I'd probably save it for a pet

Derived from Sumerian en-ki "lord of the earth" (though maybe originally from en-kur "lord of the underworld"). Enki, called Ea by the Babylonians, was the Sumerian god of water and wisdom and the keeper of the Me, the divine laws.

ESMÉE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Dutch

Pronounced: es-MAY (Dutch)

Feminine form of ESMÉ

ESTHER

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, French, Spanish, Dutch, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek

Other Scripts: אֶסְתֵר (Hebrew), Εσθηρ (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: ES-tər (English, Dutch), es-TER (French)

Possibly means "star" in Persian. Alternatively it could be a derivative of the name of the Near Eastern goddess ISHTAR. The Book of Esther in the Old Testament tells the story of Queen Esther, the Jewish wife of the king of Persia who saved the Jews of the realm from extermination. Her original Hebrew name was Hadassah.

This name has been used in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. In America it received a boost in popularity after the birth of Esther Cleveland (1893-1980), the daughter of president Grover Cleveland.

EUGENE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: YOO-jeen, yoo-JEEN

Personal note: Old-guy chic

English form of Eugenius, the Latin form of the Greek name Ευγενιος (Eugenios) which was derived from the Greek word ευγενης (eugenes) meaning "well born". It is composed of the elements ευ "good, well" and γενης (genes) "born". This was the name of several saints and four popes.

This name was not particularly common in Western Europe during the Middle Ages. It became more popular in part due to the fame of Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663-1736), a French-born general who served the Austrian Empire. A notable bearer was the American playwright Eugene O'Neill (1888-1953).

EVE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, French, Biblical

Other Scripts: חַוָּה (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: EEV (English), EV (French)

From the Hebrew name חַוָּה (Chawwah), which was derived from the Hebrew word חוה (chawah) "to breathe" or the related word חיה (chayah) "to live". According to the Old Testament Book of Genesis, Eve and Adam were the first humans. She gave the forbidden fruit to Adam, causing their expulsion from the Garden of Eden. Despite this potentially negative association, the name was occasionally used during the Middle Ages. In the English-speaking world both Eve and the Latin form Eva were revived in the 19th century.

FARIDOON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Persian

Other Scripts: فریدون (Persian)

Variant transcription of FEREYDOUN

FEREYDOUN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Persian, Persian Mythology

Other Scripts: فریدون (Persian)

Means "the third" in Persian. In the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh' this is the name of a virtuous king who ruled for 500 years.

FLEUR

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, Dutch, English (Rare)

Pronounced: FLUUR (French, Dutch), FLUR (English)

Means "flower" in French. This was the name of a character in John Galsworthy's novels 'The Forsyte Saga' (1922).

GABRIEL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, English, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek

Other Scripts: גַּבְרִיאֵל (Ancient Hebrew), Γαβριηλ (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: ga-bree-EL (French), GAHP-ree-el (German), GAHB-ree-el (Finnish), GAH-bryel (Spanish), GAY-bree-əl (English), GAHP-ryel (Polish)

From the Hebrew name גַבְרִיאֵל (Gavri'el) meaning "God is my strong man". Gabriel was one of the seven archangels in Hebrew tradition. He appears in both the Old Testament and the New Testament, where he serves as the announcer of the births of John to Zechariah and Jesus to Mary. According to Islamic tradition he was the angel who dictated the Qur'an to Muhammad.

This name has been used occasionally in England since the 12th century. It was not common in the English-speaking world until the end of the 20th century.

GERTRUDE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, German, Dutch

Pronounced: GUR-trood (English), ger-TROO-də (German), khər-TRUY-də (Dutch)

Personal note: Why not? I think it's kinda cute!

Means "spear of strength", derived from the Germanic elements ger "spear" and thrud "strength". Saint Gertrude the Great was a 13th-century nun and mystic writer. It was probably introduced to England by settlers from the Low Countries in the 15th century. Shakespeare used the name in his play 'Hamlet' (1600) for the mother of the title character. A famous bearer was the American writer Gertrude Stein (1874-1946).

GIDEON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Biblical, English, Hebrew

Other Scripts: גִּדְעוֹן (Hebrew)

Pronounced: GID-ee-ən (English)

Personal note: Someone i know.

Means "feller" or "hewer" in Hebrew. Gideon was a hero of the Old Testament who led the Israelites against the Midianites. In the English-speaking world, Gideon has been used as a given name since the Protestant Reformation, and it was popular among the Puritans.

GILGAMESH

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Near Eastern Mythology

Pronounced: GIL-gə-mesh (English)

Meaning unknown. This was the name of a Sumerian hero who was involved in several adventures with his friend Enkidu. Gilgamesh was probably based on a real person - a king of Erech who ruled around 2700 BC.

GIORGI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Georgian

Other Scripts: გიორგი (Georgian)

Personal note: A fictional character i made.

Georgian form of GEORGE. This was the name of several kings of Georgia.

GRACE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: GRAYS

From the English word grace, which ultimately derives from Latin gratia. This was one of the virtue names created in the 17th century by the Puritans. The actress Grace Kelly (1929-1982) was a famous bearer.

GRETA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Swedish, German, English

Pronounced: GRE-tah (German), GRET-ə (English)

Short form of MARGARETA. A famous bearer of this name was Swedish actress Greta Garbo (1905-1990).

GUS (1)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Scottish

Pronounced: GUS

Short form of AUGUSTUS or ANGUS

GYATSO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Tibetan

From the Tibetan name Rgya-mtsho which means "ocean". This is one of the given names of the current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso.

HADASSAH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew

Other Scripts: הֲדַסָּה (Hebrew)

Means "myrtle tree" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the Hebrew name of Queen Esther.

HALINA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Polish

Pronounced: hah-LEE-nah

Polish form of GALINA

HANNELORE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: German

Pronounced: HAH-ne-lo-rə

Combination of HANNE (1) and ELEONORE

HECTOR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, French, Greek Mythology (Latinized), Arthurian Romance

Other Scripts: ‘Εκτωρ (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: HEK-tər (English)

Latinized form of Greek ‘Εκτωρ (Hektor), which was derived from ‘εκτωρ (hektor) "holding fast", ultimately from εχω (echo) meaning "to hold, to possess". In Greek legend Hector was one of the Trojan champions who fought against the Greeks. After he killed Achilles' friend Patroclus in battle, he was himself brutally slain by Achilles, who proceeded to tie his dead body to a chariot and drag it about. This name also appears in Arthurian legends belonging to King Arthur's foster father.

Hector has occasionally been used as a given name since the Middle Ages, probably because of the noble character of the classical hero. It was historically common in Scotland, where it was used as an Anglicized form of Eachann.

HELGA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Ancient Scandinavian

Pronounced: HEL-gah (German)

Personal note: Helga G. Pataki!

Feminine form of HELGE

HENRY

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: HEN-ree

From the Germanic name Heimirich which meant "home ruler", composed of the elements heim "home" and ric "power, ruler". It was later commonly spelled Heinrich, with the spelling altered due to the influence of other Germanic names like Haganrich, in which the first element is hagan "enclosure".

Heinrich was popular among continental royalty, being the name of seven German kings, starting with the 10th-century Henry I the Fowler, and four French kings. In France it was rendered Henri from the Latin form Henricus.

The Normans introduced this name to England, and it was subsequently used by eight kings, ending with the infamous Henry VIII in the 16th century. During the Middle Ages it was generally rendered as Harry or Herry in English pronunciation. Notable bearers include arctic naval explorer Henry Hudson (1570-1611), British novelist Henry James (1843-1916), and American automobile manufacturer Henry Ford (1863-1947).

HERBERT

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, German, French, Slovene, Polish

Pronounced: HUR-bərt (English), er-BER (French), HER-bert (Polish)

Derived from the Germanic elements hari "army" and beraht "bright". The Normans introduced this name to England, where it replaced an Old English cognate Herebeorht. In the course of the Middle Ages it became rare, but it was revived in the 19th century.

HIKARI

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Japanese

Other Scripts: (Japanese)

Pronounced: hee-kah-ṙee

Means "light" in Japanese. It is often written ひかり using the hiragana writing system.

HIKARU

Gender: Masculine & Feminine

Usage: Japanese

Other Scripts: 光, 輝 (Japanese)

Pronounced: hee-kah-ṙoo

From Japanese "light" or "radiance".

HIRAKU

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Japanese

Other Scripts: (Japanese)

Pronounced: hee-ṙah-koo

Means "expand, open, pioneer" in Japanese.

HRVOJE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Croatian

Derived from Croatian Hrvat meaning "Croat".

IGOR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Игорь (Russian), Игор (Serbian, Macedonian)

Pronounced: EE-gahr (Russian), EE-gawr (Polish)

Personal note: I associate it with Igor Cukrov

Russian form of Yngvarr (see INGVAR). The Varangians brought it to Russia in the 10th century. It was borne by two Grand Princes of Kiev. A famous bearer was Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971), a Russian composer whose most famous work is 'The Rite of Spring'.

ILMATAR

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Finnish Mythology

Derived from Finnish ilma "air". In Finnish mythology Ilmatar was a semi-androgynous goddess of the heavens. She was the mother of Ilmarinen, Väinämöinen and Lemminkäinen.

INDIRA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Indian, Hinduism

Other Scripts: इन्दिरा (Hindi, Sanskrit)

Means "beauty" in Sanskrit. This is another name of Lakshmi, the wife of the Hindu god Vishnu. A notable bearer was India's first female prime minister, Indira Gandhi (1917-1984).

IPATI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian (Rare)

Other Scripts: Ипатий (Russian)

Variant transcription of IPATIY

IRMUSKA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Hungarian

Pronounced: EER-moosh-kaw

Hungarian diminutive of IRMA

ISADORA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Variant of ISIDORA. A famous bearer was the American dancer Isadora Duncan (1877-1927).

ISKANDAR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Arabic, Indonesian

Other Scripts: إسكندر (Arabic)

Arabic and Indonesian form of ALEXANDER

ISKRA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Bulgarian, Macedonian, Croatian, Serbian

Other Scripts: Искра (Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian)

From a South Slavic word meaning "spark".

ISOLDE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Rare), German, Celtic Mythology

Pronounced: i-ZOL-də (English), i-SOL-də (English), ee-ZAWL-du (German)

The origins of this name are uncertain, though some Celtic roots have been suggested. It is possible that the name is ultimately Germanic, perhaps from a hypothetic name like Ishild, composed of the elements is "ice" and hild "battle".

In Arthurian legend she was an Irish princess betrothed to King Mark of Cornwall. She became the lover of his knight Tristan, which led to their tragic deaths. The story was popular during the Middle Ages and the name became relatively common in England at that time. It was rare by the 19th century, though some interest was generated by Richard Wagner's opera 'Tristan und Isolde' (1865).

ITZEL

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Native American, Mayan

Possibly a variant of IXCHEL

ITZIAR

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Basque, Spanish

From the name of a Basque village which contains an important shrine to the Virgin Mary, possibly meaning "old stone".

IXCHEL

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Mayan Mythology

Means "rainbow lady" in Mayan. She was the Mayan goddess of the earth, the moon, and medicine. She was often depicted with a snake in her hair and crossbones embroidered on her skirt.

JADWIGA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Polish

Pronounced: yahd-VEE-gah

Polish form of HEDWIG. This was the name of a 14th-century ruling queen of Poland who has recently been canonized as a saint.

JAMAL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Arabic

Other Scripts: جمال (Arabic)

Means "beauty" in Arabic. Jamal al-Din al-Afghani was a political activist who promoted pan-Islamism in the 19th century.

JANE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: JAYN

Medieval English form of Jehanne, an Old French feminine form of Iohannes (see JOHN). This became the most common feminine form of John in the 17th century, surpassing Joan. Famous bearers include the uncrowned English queen Lady Jane Grey (1536-1554), who ruled for only 9 days, the British novelist Jane Austen (1775-1817), who wrote 'Sense and Sensibility' and 'Pride and Prejudice', and the British primatologist Jane Goodall (1934-). This was also the name of the central character in Charlotte Bronte's novel 'Jane Eyre' (1847).

JÁNOS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Hungarian

Pronounced: YAH-nosh

Hungarian form of JOHN

JELENA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian

Other Scripts: Јелена (Serbian)

Form of YELENA. In Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia it is also associated with the South Slavic words jelen meaning "deer, stag" and jela meaning "fir tree".

JOHANN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: German

Pronounced: YO-hahn

German form of Iohannes (see JOHN). A notable bearer was Johann Gutenberg, the inventor of the printing press in the 15th century. Other famous bearers include German composer Johann Sebastian Bach, Austrian composers Johann Strauss and his son Johann Strauss Junior, and German novelist and poet Johann Goethe.

JORDAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Јордан (Macedonian)

Pronounced: JAWR-dən (English)

From the name of the river which flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden), and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down". In the New Testament John the Baptist baptizes Jesus Christ in its waters, and it was adopted as a personal name in Europe after crusaders brought water back from the river to baptize their children. There may have been some influence from the Germanic name JORDANES, notably borne by a 6th-century Gothic historian.

This name died out after the Middle Ages, but was revived in the 19th century. In America and other countries it became fairly popular in the second half of the 20th century. A famous bearer of the surname is former basketball star Michael Jordan (1963-).

JUDITH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Jewish, French, German, Spanish, Biblical

Other Scripts: יְהוּדִית (Hebrew)

Pronounced: JOO-dith (English), zhoo-DEET (French), YOO-dit (German)

From the Hebrew name יְהוּדִית (Yehudit) meaning "woman from Judea", Judea being an ancient region in Israel. In the Old Testament, Judith is one of the wives of Esau. This is also the name of the main character of the apocryphal Book of Judith who kills Holofernes, an invading Assyrian commander, by beheading him in his sleep. As an English name, though there are a handful of early examples during the Middle Ages, it did not become common until after the Protestant Reformation.

JUHANI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Finnish

Pronounced: YOO-hah-nee

Finnish form of JOHN

JULIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Spanish, Polish, Finnish, Ancient Roman, Biblical

Pronounced: JOO-lee-ə (English), YOO-lee-ah (German, Danish, Finnish), HOO-lyah (Spanish), YUWL-yah (Polish), YOO:-lee-ah (Ancient Roman)

Feminine form of JULIUS. A person by this name has a brief mention in the New Testament. It was borne by a few early saints and martyrs, including the patron saint of Corsica. Shakespeare used the name in his comedy 'The Two Gentlemen of Verona' (1594). It has been common as a given name in the English-speaking world only since the 18th century. A famous bearer is American actress Julia Roberts (1967-).

JUNE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: JOON

From the name of the month, which was originally derived from the name of the Roman goddess Juno. It has been used as a given name since the 19th century.

JUNIPER

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Rare)

Pronounced: JOON-ə-pər

From the English word for the type of tree, derived ultimately from Latin iuniperus.

JURIAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Medieval German

Medieval Low German form of GEORGE

KAAPO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Finnish

Pronounced: KAH:-po

Finnish form of GABRIEL

KALEVI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Finnish

Pronounced: KAH-le-vee

Variant of KALEVA

KAMARIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Eastern African, Swahili

Swahili name, likely related to QAMAR.

KARI (2)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Finnish

Pronounced: KAH-ree

Finnish form of Macarius (see MACARIO).

KARIM

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Arabic

Other Scripts: كريم (Arabic)

Means "generous, noble" in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الكريم (al-Karim) is one of the 99 names of Allah.

KAUSALYA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Indian

Other Scripts: कौसल्या (Hindi)

Means "of the Kosala people" in Sanskrit. Kosala was an ancient Indian kingdom that was at its most powerful in the 6th century BC. In Hinduism Kausalya is the name of the mother of the hero Rama.

KAZIMIERZ

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Polish

Pronounced: kah-ZEEM-yesh

Polish form of CASIMIR

KAZIMIR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian, Medieval Slavic

Other Scripts: Казимир (Russian, Church Slavic)

Pronounced: kah-zee-MEER (Russian)

Russian form of CASIMIR

KEREN-HAPPUCH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Biblical

Other Scripts: קֶרֶן הַפּוּך (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: KER-ən HAP-ook (English)

Means "horn of antimony" in Hebrew. Antimony is a substance that was formerly used as an eye cosmetic (eyeshadow). A hollowed animal horn could have been used to store this material. Keren-Happuch is the name of the third daughter of Job in the Old Testament.

KERTTU

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Finnish

Pronounced: KERT-too

Finnish form of GERTRUDE

KHALED

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Arabic

Other Scripts: خالد (Arabic)

Personal note: "Aicha, Aicha..."

Variant transcription of KHALID

KNUT

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German

Pronounced: KNOOT (German)

Derived from Old Norse knútr meaning "knot". Knut was a Danish prince who defeated Æðelræd II, king of England, in the early 11th century and became the ruler of Denmark, Norway and England.

KOFI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Western African, Akan

Means "born on Friday" in Akan.

LÁILÁ

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Sami

Personal note: Separate from Leila

Sami variant form of HELGA

LAZAR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian, Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Лазарь (Russian), Лазар (Bulgarian, Serbian, Macedonian)

Pronounced: LAH-zahr (Russian, Serbian, Croatian)

Russian, Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian form of LAZARUS

LAZARUS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Biblical, Biblical Latin

Other Scripts: Λαζαρος (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: LAZ-ər-əs (English)

Latinized form of Λαζαρος (Lazaros), a Greek form of ELEAZAR used in the New Testament. Lazarus was a man from Bethany, the brother of Mary and Martha, who was restored to life by Jesus.

LEAH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew

Other Scripts: לֵאָה (Hebrew)

Pronounced: LEE-ə (English)

Personal note: Just not "Lia", but "Lea" is ok.

From the Hebrew name לֵאָה (Le'ah) which was probably derived from the Hebrew word לְאָה (le'ah) meaning "weary". Alternatively it might derive from a Chaldean name meaning "mistress" or "ruler" in Akkadian. In the Old Testament, Leah is the first wife of Jacob and the mother of seven of his children. Although this name was used by Jews in the Middle Ages, it was not typical as an English Christian name until after the Protestant Reformation, being common among the Puritans.

LEELO

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Estonian

Means "folk song" in Estonian.

LEILA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Arabic, Persian, English, Georgian

Other Scripts: ليلى (Arabic), لیلا (Persian), ლეილა (Georgian)

Pronounced: LAY-lə (English), LEE-lə (English), LIE-lə (English)

Personal note: THIS SPELLING ONLY!

Variant of LAYLA. This spelling was used by Lord Byron for characters in 'The Giaour' (1813) and 'Don Juan' (1819), and it is through him that the name was introduced to the English-speaking world.

LENA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Polish, Russian, English, Italian, Portuguese

Other Scripts: Лена (Russian)

Pronounced: LE-nah (German, Italian), LYE-nah (Russian), LEE-nə (English)

Personal note: I hate Lena Meyer-Landrut but i like this name.

Scandinavian, German and Polish short form of HELENA or MAGDALENA, and a Russian short form of YELENA.

LEON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, German, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Dutch, Ancient Greek

Other Scripts: Λεων (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: LEE-awn (English), LE-awn (German, Polish)

Derived from Greek λεων (leon) meaning "lion". During the Christian era this Greek name was merged with the Latin cognate Leo, with the result that the two forms are used somewhat interchangeably across European languages. In England during the Middle Ages this was a common name among Jews. A famous bearer was Leon Trotsky (1879-1940), a Russian Communist revolutionary.

LEONTINA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Late Roman

Feminine form of LEONTIUS

LÉONTINE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French

French form of LEONTINA

LEV (1)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian

Other Scripts: Лев (Russian)

Pronounced: LYEF

Means "lion" in Russian, functioning as a vernacular form of Leo. This was the real Russian name of both author Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) and revolutionary Leon Trotsky (1879-1940).

LILY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: LIL-ee

From the name of the flower, a symbol of purity. The word is ultimately derived from Latin lilium.

LIOR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Hebrew

Other Scripts: לִיאוֹר (Hebrew)

Means "light for me" in Hebrew.

LISETTE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, English

Pronounced: lee-ZET (French)

Diminutive of ÉLISABETH

LUCIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Romanian, Slovak, Ancient Roman

Pronounced: loo-CHEE-ah (Italian), LOO-tsee-ah (German), LOO-shə (English), loo-SEE-ə (English)

Personal note: loo-CHEE-a

Feminine form of LUCIUS. Saint Lucia was a 4th-century martyr from Syracuse. She was said to have had her eyes gouged out, and thus is the patron saint of the blind. She was widely revered in the Middle Ages, and her name has been used throughout Christian Europe (in various spellings). It has been used in the England since the 12th century, usually in the spellings Lucy or Luce.

LUDMILA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Czech, Russian

Other Scripts: Людмила (Russian)

Means "favour of the people" from the Slavic elements lyudu "people" and milu "gracious, dear". Saint Ludmila was a 10th-century duchess of Bohemia, the grandmother of Saint Václav. She was murdered on the orders of her daughter-in-law Drahomíra.

As a Russian name, this is a variant transcription of Людмила (usually rendered LYUDMILA).

LUDWIG

Gender: Masculine

Usage: German

Pronounced: LOOT-vikh, LOOT-vik

From the Germanic name Chlodovech, which was composed of the elements hlud "famous" and wig "war, battle". This was the name of three Merovingian kings of the Franks (though their names are usually spelled in the Latinized form Clovis) as well as several Carolingian kings and Holy Roman Emperors (names often spelled in the French form Louis). Other famous bearers include the German composer Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) and the Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951), who contributed to logic and the philosophy of language.

LUIZ

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Portuguese (Brazilian)

Brazilian Portuguese form of LOUIS

LUMI

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Finnish

Pronounced: LOO-mee

Means "snow" in Finnish.

LUNA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Roman Mythology

Means "the moon" in Latin. Luna was the Roman goddess of the moon, frequently depicted driving a white chariot through the sky.

MADELEINE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, English, Swedish

Pronounced: ma-də-LEN (French), mad-LEN (French), MAD-ə-lin (English), MAD-ə-lien (English)

French form of MAGDALENE

MAIALEN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Basque

Basque form of MAGDALENE

MAIMU

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Estonian

Pronounced: MIE-moo

Means "little" in Estonian.

MARDUK

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Near Eastern Mythology

Pronounced: MAHR-dook (English)

Possibly from Sumerian amar-Utu meaning "calf of UTU". In Babylonian mythology he was the chief god, presiding over heaven, light, sky, battle, and fertility. After killing the dragon Tiamat, who was an old enemy of the gods, he created the world and sky from the pieces of her body.

MARIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Occitan, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Frisian, Greek, Polish, Romanian, English, Finnish, Corsican, Basque, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin, Old Church Slavic

Other Scripts: Μαρια (Greek), Маріа (Church Slavic)

Pronounced: mah-REE-ah (Italian, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch), mə-REE-ə (Catalan, English), MAHR-yah (Polish), MAH-ree-ah (Finnish)

Personal note: Love it but prefer Marija.

Latin form of Greek Μαρια, from Hebrew מִרְיָם (see MARY). Maria is the usual form of the name in many European languages, as well as a secondary form in other languages such as English (where the common spelling is Mary). In some countries, for example Germany, Poland and Italy, Maria is occasionally used as a masculine middle name.

This was the name of two ruling queens of Portugal. It was also borne by the Habsburg queen Maria Theresa (1717-1780), whose inheritance of the domains of her father, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, began the War of the Austrian Succession.

MARIABELLA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Rare)

Combination of MARIA and BELLA

MARIE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, Czech, German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish

Pronounced: ma-REE (French), mah-REE (German)

French and Czech form of MARIA. A notable bearer of this name was Marie Antoinette, a queen of France who was executed by guillotine during the French Revolution. Another was Marie Curie (1867-1934), a physicist and chemist who studied radioactivity with her husband Pierre.

MARIJA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Croatian, Slovene, Serbian, Macedonian, Lithuanian, Latvian

Other Scripts: Марија (Serbian, Macedonian)

Personal note: Just not Mariya

Form of MARIA

MARISOL

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Spanish

Combination of MARÍA and SOL (1) or SOLEDAD. It also resembles Spanish mar y sol "sea and sun".

MATILDA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Swedish, Finnish, Slovak

Pronounced: mə-TIL-də (English), MAH-teel-dah (Finnish)

From the Germanic name Mahthildis meaning "strength in battle", from the elements maht "might, strength" and hild "battle". Saint Matilda was the wife of the 10th-century German king Henry I the Fowler. The name was brought to England by the Normans, being borne by the wife of William the Conqueror himself. It was popular until the 15th century in England, usually in the vernacular form Maud. Both forms were revived by the 19th century. This name appears in the popular Australian folk song 'Waltzing Matilda', written in 1895.

MATLEENA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Finnish

Pronounced: MAHT-le:-nah

Finnish form of MAGDALENE

MAUDE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: MAWD

Variant of MAUD

MAYA (3)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Hebrew

Other Scripts: מַיָּה (Hebrew)

Derived from Hebrew מַיִם (mayim) "water".

MEITAL

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Hebrew

Other Scripts: מֵיטַל (Hebrew)

Means "dew drop" in Hebrew.

MÉLISANDE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French

French form of MILLICENT used by Maurice Maeterlinck in his play 'Pelléas et Mélisande' (1893). The play was later adapted by Claude Debussy into an opera (1902).

MERCY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: MUR-see

From the English word mercy, ultimately from Latin merces "wages, reward", a derivative of merx "goods, wares". This was one of the virtue names adopted by the Puritans in the 17th century.

MICHAL (2)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Biblical, Hebrew

Other Scripts: מִיכַל (Hebrew)

Possibly means "brook" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament she is a daughter of Saul who marries David.

MIHAI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Romanian

Romanian form of MICHAEL. Mihai the Brave was a prince of Wallachia who united Romania in the early 17th century.

MIKA (1)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Finnish

Pronounced: MEE-kah

Finnish short form of MIKAEL

MILA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Czech

Other Scripts: Мила (Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian)

Originally a diminutive of Slavic names containing the element milu "gracious, dear".

MILOŠ

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Slovene, Croatian, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Милош (Serbian, Macedonian)

Originally a diminutive of names beginning with the Slavic element milu "gracious, dear". This was the name of a 14th-century Serbian hero who apparently killed the Ottoman sultan Murad I at the Battle of Kosovo.

MIREIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Catalan, Spanish

Pronounced: mee-RE-yə (Catalan)

Catalan form of Mirèio (see MIREILLE).

MIREILLE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French

Pronounced: mee-RAY

From the Occitan name Mirèio, which was first used by the poet Frédéric Mistral for the main character in his poem 'Mirèio' (1859). He probably derived it from the Occitan word mirar meaning "to admire".

MIRIAM

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Hebrew, English, German, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew

Other Scripts: מִרְיָם (Hebrew)

Pronounced: MIR-ee-əm (English)

Original Hebrew form of MARY. It is used in the Old Testament, where it belongs to the elder sister of Moses and Aaron. It has long been popular among Jews, and it has been used as an English Christian name since the Protestant Reformation.

MIROSLAV

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Czech, Slovak, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Medieval Slavic

Other Scripts: Мирослав (Russian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Church Slavic)

Pronounced: mee-rah-SLAHF (Russian)

Derived from the Slavic elements miru "peace, world" and slava "glory". This was the name of a 10th-century king of Croatia, who presided over a civil war.

MITRODORA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Macedonian

Other Scripts: Митродора (Macedonian)

Macedonian form of METRODORA

MITROFAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian

Other Scripts: Митрофан (Russian)

Pronounced: mee-trah-FAHN

Russian form of METROPHANES

MIU

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Japanese

Other Scripts: 美羽 (Japanese)

Pronounced: mee-oo

From Japanese 美 (mi) "beautiful" and 羽 (u) "feather".

NADEZHDA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Russian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Ukrainian

Other Scripts: Надежда (Russian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Ukrainian)

Pronounced: nah-DYEZH-dah (Russian)

Personal note: Prettier than Nadia/Nadya, soundwise anyway.

Means "hope" in Slavic.

NAHUM

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Biblical

Other Scripts: נַחוּם (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: NAY-əm (English), NAY-həm (English)

Means "comforter" in Hebrew. Nahum is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament. He authored the Book of Nahum in which the downfall of Nineveh is foretold.

NAOISE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish, Scottish, Irish Mythology

Pronounced: NEE-sha

Meaning unknown, presumably of Gaelic origin. In Irish legend he was the young man who eloped with Deirdre, the beloved of Conchobhar the king of Ulster. Conchobhar eventually succeeded in having Naoise murdered, which caused Deirdre to die of grief.

NATALIJA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Наталија (Serbian, Macedonian)

Serbian, Croatian, Slovene and Macedonian form of Natalia (see NATALIE).

NATANAIL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Bulgarian, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Натанаил (Bulgarian, Macedonian)

Bulgarian and Macedonian form of NATHANAEL

NATASHA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Russian, English

Other Scripts: Наташа (Russian)

Pronounced: nə-TASH-ə (English)

Russian diminutive of NATALYA. This is the name of a character in Leo Tolstoy's novel 'War and Peace' (1865). It has been used in the English-speaking world only since the 20th century.

NAZAR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian, Ukrainian

Other Scripts: Назар (Russian, Ukrainian)

Russian and Ukrainian form of Nazarius (see NAZARIO).

NERIDA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Indigenous Australian

Possibly means "water lily" in an Australian Aboriginal language.

NESTOR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Greek Mythology, Russian

Other Scripts: Νεστωρ (Ancient Greek), Нестор (Russian)

Pronounced: NES-tor (English)

Means "homecoming" in Greek. In Homer's 'Iliad' this was the name of the king of Pylos, famous for his great wisdom and longevity, who acted as a counselor to the Greek allies.

NIAMH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Irish, Irish Mythology

Pronounced: NEEV

Means "bright" in Irish. She was the daughter of the sea god in Irish legends. She fell in love with the poet Oisín, son of Fionn.

NICOLA (1)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Italian

Pronounced: nee-KO-lah

Personal note: The guy from Miodio.

Italian form of NICHOLAS

NIKOL

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Czech, Bulgarian

Other Scripts: Никол (Bulgarian)

Czech and Bulgarian form of NICOLE

NIKOLA (1)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Hungarian, Czech, Basque, Medieval Slavic

Other Scripts: Никола (Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Church Slavic)

Personal note: Do i like this or Nicola better?

Cognate of NICHOLAS

NOAM

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Hebrew

Other Scripts: נוֹעַם (Hebrew)

Means "pleasantness" in Hebrew. A famous bearer is Noam Chomsky (1928-), an American linguist and philosopher.

NOOR (1)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Arabic, Pakistani, Urdu

Other Scripts: نور (Arabic, Urdu)

Variant transcription of NUR

OLGA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Russian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Czech, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Portuguese, Spanish

Other Scripts: Ольга (Russian), Олга (Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian)

Pronounced: OL-gah (Russian), AWL-gah (German, Polish)

Personal note: Why not?

Russian form of HELGA. The Varangians brought it from Scandinavia to Russia. The 10th-century Saint Olga was the wife of Igor I, Grand Prince of Kievan Rus (a state based around the city of Kiev). Following his death she ruled as regent for her son for 18 years. After she was baptized in Constantinople she attempted to convert her subjects to Christianity.

OLIVER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Czech, Slovak

Other Scripts: Оливер (Serbian, Macedonian)

Pronounced: AHL-ə-vər (English), AW-lee-ver (German), O-lee-ver (Finnish)

From Olivier, a Norman French form of a Germanic name such as ALFHER or an Old Norse name such as Áleifr (see OLAF). The spelling was altered by association with Latin oliva "olive tree". In the Middle Ages the name became well-known in Western Europe because of the French epic 'La Chanson de Roland', in which Olivier was a friend and advisor of the hero Roland.

In England Oliver was a common medieval name, however it became rare after the 17th century because of the military commander Oliver Cromwell, who ruled the country following the civil war. The name was revived in the 19th century, perhaps in part due to the title character in Charles Dickens' novel 'Oliver Twist' (1838), which was about a poor orphan living on the streets of London.

OLIVIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Italian, Spanish, German, Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish

Pronounced: ə-LIV-ee-ə (English), o-LEE-vee-ah (German), O-lee-vee-ah (Finnish)

This name was first used in this spelling by William Shakespeare for a character in his comedy 'Twelfth Night' (1602). Shakespeare may have based it on OLIVER or OLIVA, or perhaps directly on the Latin word oliva meaning "olive". In the play Olivia is a noblewoman who is wooed by Duke Orsino but instead falls in love with his messenger Cesario.

The name has been used in the English-speaking world since the 18th century, though it did not become overly popular until the last half of the 20th century. Its rise in popularity in America was precipitated by a character on the 1970s television series 'The Waltons'.

ORIANA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian

Pronounced: o-RYAH-nah

Possibly derived from Latin aurum "gold" or from its derivatives, Spanish oro or French or. In medieval legend Oriana was the daughter of a king of England who married the knight Amadis.

ORION

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Greek Mythology

Other Scripts: Ωριων (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: o-RIE-ən (English)

Meaning unknown, but possibly related to Greek ‘οριον (horion) "boundary, limit". This is the name of a constellation, which gets its name from a legendary Greek hunter killed by a scorpion sent by Gaia.

ORSOLYA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Hungarian

Hungarian form of URSULA

OSIRIS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Egyptian Mythology (Hellenized)

Other Scripts: Οσιρις (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: o-SIE-ris (English)

Greek form of the Egyptian Asar which is of unknown meaning. In Egyptian mythology Osiris was the god of the dead and the judge of the underworld. He was slain by his brother Seth, but revived by his wife Isis.

PAOLO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Italian

Pronounced: POW-lo

Personal note: "Per che, per me lo sai sei musica..."

Italian form of Paulus (see PAUL). Paolo Uccello and Paolo Veronese were both Italian Renaissance painters.

PENELOPE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Greek Mythology, English

Other Scripts: Πηνελοπη (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: pə-NEL-ə-pee (English)

Possibly derived from Greek πηνελοψ (penelops), a type of duck. Alternatively it could be from πηνη (pene) "threads, weft" and ωψ (ops) "face, eye". In Homer's epic the 'Odyssey' this is the name of the wife of Odysseus, forced to fend off suitors while her husband is away fighting at Troy. It has occasionally been used as an English given name since the 16th century.

PERCY

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: PUR-see

From an English surname which was derived from the name of a Norman town Perci, which was itself perhaps derived from a Gaulish given name which was Latinized as Persius. The surname was borne by a noble English family, and it first used as a given name in their honour. A famous bearer was Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822), an English romantic poet whose works include 'Adonais' and 'Ozymandias'. This name can also be used as a short form of PERCIVAL.

PERSEPHONE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Greek Mythology

Other Scripts: Περσεφονη (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: pər-SEF-ə-nee (English)

Meaning unknown, perhaps related to Greek περθω (pertho) "to destroy" and φονη (phone) "murder". In Greek myth she was the daughter of Demeter and Zeus. She was abducted to the underworld by Hades, but was eventually allowed to return to the surface for part of the year. The result of her comings and goings is the changing of the seasons.

PETAR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Петар (Serbian, Macedonian), Петър (Bulgarian)

Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian and Macedonian form of PETER

PETRA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Greek, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Dutch, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Hungarian, English

Other Scripts: Πετρα (Greek), Петра (Bulgarian, Serbian, Macedonian)

Pronounced: PET-rah (Finnish), PET-rə (English)

Feminine form of PETER. This was also the name of an ancient city in the region that is now Jordan.

PHILIP

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Biblical

Pronounced: FIL-ip (English), FEE-lip (Dutch)

From the Greek name Φιλιππος (Philippos) which means "friend of horses", composed of the elements φιλος (philos) "friend, lover" and ‘ιππος (hippos) "horse". This was the name of five kings of Macedon, including Philip II the father of Alexander the Great. The name appears in the New Testament belonging to two people who are regarded as saints. First, one of the twelve apostles, and second, an early figure in the Christian church known as Philip the Deacon.

This name was initially more common among Eastern Christians, though it came to the West by the Middle Ages. It was borne by six kings of France and five kings of Spain. It was regularly used in England during the Middle Ages, although the Spanish king Philip II, who attempted an invasion of England, helped make it less common by the 17th century. It was revived in the English-speaking world in the 19th century. A famous bearer was the Elizabethan courtier and poet Sir Philip Sidney (1554-1586).

PHINEAS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Biblical

Pronounced: FIN-ee-əs (English)

Variant of PHINEHAS used in some versions of the Bible.

POSEIDON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Greek Mythology

Other Scripts: Ποσειδων (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: pə-SIE-dən (English)

Possibly derived from Greek ποσις (posis) "husband, lord" and δε (de) "earth". In Greek mythology Poseidon was the unruly god of the sea and earthquakes, the brother of Zeus. He was often depicted carrying a trident and riding in a chariot drawn by white horses.

PRIYA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Indian, Hinduism

Other Scripts: प्रिया (Hindi, Sanskrit)

Means "beloved" in Sanskrit. In Hindu legend this is the name of a daughter of King Daksha.

QUENTIN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: French, English

Pronounced: kawn-TEN (French), KWEN-tin (English)

French form of the Roman name QUINTINUS. It was borne by a 3rd-century saint, a missionary who was martyred in Gaul. The Normans introduced this name to England. In America it was brought to public attention by president Theodore Roosevelt's son Quentin Roosevelt (1897-1918), who was killed in World War I.

RADZIM

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Polish

Short form of RADZIMIERZ

RAPHAEL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: German, French, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek

Other Scripts: רָפָאֵל, רְפָאֵל (Ancient Hebrew), Ραφαηλ (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: ra-fa-EL (French), RAF-ee-el (English), RAY-fee-əl (English)

From the Hebrew name רָפָאֵל (Rafa'el) which meant "God has healed". In Hebrew tradition Raphael was the name of one of the seven archangels. He appears in the Old Testament in the Book of Tobit, where it is told how he aided Tobias. This name has never been common in the English-speaking world, though it has been well-used elsewhere in Europe. A famous bearer was the 16th-century Renaissance master Raphael Sanzio (usually known simply as Raphael).

RASMUS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Danish, Swedish, Norwegian

Pronounced: RAHS-moos

Scandinavian form of ERASMUS

RENATA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Polish, Czech, Croatian, Slovene, Late Roman

Pronounced: re-NAH-tah (Italian, Spanish, German, Polish)

Feminine form of RENATUS

ROSE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, French

Pronounced: ROZ

Originally a Norman form of a Germanic name, which was composed of the elements hrod "fame" and heid "kind, sort, type". The Normans introduced it to England in the forms Roese and Rohese. From an early date it was associated with the word for the fragrant flower rose (derived from Latin rosa). When the name was revived in the 19th century, it was probably with the flower in mind.

ROSICA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Bulgarian

Other Scripts: Росица (Bulgarian)

Personal note: ro-SEE-tsa

Variant transcription of ROSITSA

RUFINA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Russian, Spanish, Ancient Roman

Other Scripts: Руфина (Russian)

Feminine form of RUFINUS

RURIK

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian

Other Scripts: Рюрик (Russian)

Russian form of the Old Norse name HRŒREKR

RUSLAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian, Tatar, Bashkir, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Azerbaijani, Ossetian, Chechen, Ingush

Other Scripts: Руслан (Russian, Tatar, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Chechen)

Pronounced: roo-SLAHN (Russian)

Personal note: This is my fave Russian boys name.

Form of YERUSLAN used by Aleksandr Pushkin in his poem 'Ruslan and Ludmila' (1820), which was loosely based on Russian and Tatar folktales of Yeruslan Lazarevich.

SAMPO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Finnish, Finnish Mythology

Pronounced: SAHM-po (Finnish)

Meaning unknown. In Finnish mythology this is the name of a magical artifact (perhaps a mill) created by the smith god Ilmarinen.

SANAA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Eastern African, Swahili

Means "art" in Swahili.

SANDRA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, English, French, Portuguese, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian

Other Scripts: Сандра (Serbian, Macedonian)

Pronounced: SAHN-drah (Italian, Dutch, Finnish), SAN-drə (English), ZAHN-drah (German)

Personal note: As in Sandra Nurmsalu.

Short form of ALESSANDRA. It was introduced to the English-speaking world by author George Meredith, who used it for the heroine in his novel 'Emilia in England' (1864) and the reissued version 'Sandra Belloni' (1887). A famous bearer is American actress Sandra Bullock (1964-).

SASHA

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian

Other Scripts: Саша (Russian)

Personal note: I Love Sasha Son. My 2nd fave Russian boys name.

Russian diminutive of ALEKSANDR or ALEKSANDRA

SAUL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Biblical, Jewish, Biblical Latin

Other Scripts: שָׁאוּל (Hebrew)

Pronounced: SAWL (English)

From the Hebrew name שָׁאוּל (Sha'ul) which meant "asked for" or "prayed for". This was the name of the first king of Israel who ruled just before King David, as told in the Old Testament. Also, Saul was the original Hebrew name of Saint Paul.

SENKA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Serbian, Croatian

Other Scripts: Сенка (Serbian)

Means "shadow" in Serbian and Croatian.

SERAPHINA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Rare), German (Rare), Late Roman

Personal note: Again, after one of my characters.

Feminine form of the Late Latin name Seraphinus, derived from the biblical word seraphim which was Hebrew in origin and meant "fiery ones". The seraphim were an order of angels, described by Isaiah in the Bible as having six wings each. This was the name of a 13th-century Italian saint who made clothes for the poor. As an English name, it has never been common.

SERGIO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Italian, Spanish

Pronounced: SER-jo (Italian), SER-khyo (Spanish)

Italian and Spanish form of SERGIUS

SERKAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Turkish

Means "leader, chief" from Turkish ser "head, top" and kan "blood".

SHAHRAZAD

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Persian (Rare), Arabic

Other Scripts: شهرزاد (Persian, Arabic)

Means "free city" from the Persian elements شهر (shahr) "city" and آزاد (azad) "free". This is the name of the fictional storyteller in 'The 1001 Nights'. She tells a story to her husband the king every night for 1001 nights in order to delay her execution.

SIMEON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Biblical, Bulgarian, Serbian

Other Scripts: שִׁמְעוֹן (Ancient Hebrew), Симеон (Bulgarian, Serbian)

Pronounced: SIM-ee-ən (English)

From the Hebrew name Shim'on (see SIMON). In the Old Testament this is the name of the second son of Jacob and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. In the New Testament this is the name of a man who blessed the newborn Jesus. It was also borne by a powerful 10th-century ruler of Bulgaria.

SIRIUS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Astronomy

Pronounced: SIR-ee-əs (English), SEER-ee-əs (English)

The name of a bright star in the constellation Canis Major, derived via Latin from Greek σειριος (seirios) "burning".

SORA

Gender: Feminine & Masculine

Usage: Japanese

Other Scripts: 空, 昊 (Japanese)

Pronounced: so-ṙah

From Japanese or which both mean "sky".

SPOMENKA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Croatian

From the Croatian name for the forget-me-not flower spomenak.

STELIOS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Greek

Other Scripts: Στελιος (Greek)

Variant of STYLIANOS

STOJAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Macedonian, Serbian, Croatian, Slovene

Other Scripts: Стојан (Macedonian, Serbian)

Macedonian, Serbian, Croatian and Slovene form of STOYAN

SWANHILD

Gender: Feminine

Usage: German

Personal note: GP

Derived from the Germanic elements swan "swan" and hild "battle".

TADIJA

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Croatian

Pronounced: TAH-dee-yah

Croatian form of THADDEUS

TAIKA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Finnish (Rare)

Means "magic, spell" in Finnish.

TAISIYA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Russian

Other Scripts: Таисия (Russian)

Pronounced: tah-EE-see-yah

Meaning unknown, possibly a Russian form of THAIS.

TALIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Hebrew

Other Scripts: טַלְיָה, טַלְיָא (Hebrew)

Variant transcription of TALYA

TALIESIN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh, Arthurian Romance

Pronounced: tal-ee-ES-in (Welsh)

Means "shining brow", derived from Welsh tal "brow" and iesin "shining". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh poet and bard. In later Welsh legends he is portrayed as a wizard and prophet, or as a companion of King Arthur.

TALMAI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Biblical, Biblical Hebrew

Other Scripts: תַּלְמַי (Ancient Hebrew)

Means "furrowed" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name is borne by both a giant and also the father of King David's wife Maacah.

TAMAR

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Hebrew, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew

Other Scripts: תָּמָר (Hebrew), თამარ (Georgian)

Pronounced: TAH-mahr (English), TAY-mahr (English)

Means "palm tree" in Hebrew. Tamar is the daughter-in-law of Judah in the Old Testament. Also in the Old Testament, this is the name of a daughter of David. This name was borne by a 12th-century ruling queen of Georgia who presided over the kingdom at the peak of its power.

TARAS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Ukrainian, Russian

Other Scripts: Тарас (Ukrainian, Russian)

Pronounced: tah-RAHS (Russian)

Ukrainian and Russian form of the Greek name Ταρασιος (Tarasios), which possibly means "from Taras". Taras was an Italian city, now called Taranto, which was founded by Greek colonists in the 8th century BC and was named for the Greek mythological figure Taras, a son of Poseidon. Saint Tarasios was an 8th-century bishop of Constantinople.

TARJA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Finnish

Pronounced: TAHR-yah

Finnish form of DARIA

TATIENNE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French

French form of TATIANA

TENZIN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Tibetan

From the Tibetan name Bstan-'dzin which means "upholder of teachings". This is one of the given names of the current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso.

TIAMAT

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Near Eastern Mythology

Pronounced: TEE-ə-maht (English), TYAH-maht (English)

Means "sea" in Akkadian. In Babylonian myth Tiamat was the personification of the sea, appearing in the form of a huge dragon. By Apsu she gave birth to the first of the gods. Later, the god Marduk (her great-grandson) defeated her, cut her in half, and used the pieces of her body to make the earth and the sky.

TIBOR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Hungarian, Czech, Slovak

Hungarian, Czech and Slovak form of Tiburtius (see TIBURCIO).

TIHANA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Croatian, Serbian

Other Scripts: Тихана (Serbian)

Short form of Slavic names beginning with the element tikhu "quiet".

TIHOMIR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Croatian, Bulgarian, Serbian, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Тихомир (Serbian, Macedonian)

Derived from the Slavic elements tikhu "quiet" and miru "peace, world".

TIMON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Ancient Greek, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin, Dutch

Other Scripts: Τιμων (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: TIE-mən (English), TEE-mawn (Dutch)

Derived from Greek τιμη (time) meaning "honour, esteem". It appears briefly in the New Testament. This is also the name of the main character in Shakespeare's tragedy 'Timon of Athens' (1607).

TIMUR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: History, Tatar, Kazakh, Uzbek, Russian

Other Scripts: Тимур (Russian, Kazakh)

Pronounced: tee-MOOR (Russian)

From the Turkic name Temür meaning "iron". Timur, also known as Tamerlane (from Persian تیمور لنگ (Timur e Lang) meaning "Timur the lame"), was a 14th-century Turkic leader who conquered large areas of Western Asia.

TIRZAH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Biblical

Other Scripts: תִּרְצָה (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: TIR-zə (English)

From the Hebrew name תִּרְצָה (Tirtzah) meaning "favourable". Tirzah is the name of one of the daughters of Zelophehad in the Old Testament. It also occurs in the Old Testament as a place name, the early residence of the kings of the northern kingdom.

TODOR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Bulgarian, Serbian, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Тодор (Bulgarian, Serbian, Macedonian)

Personal note: Cuz it was Toše's real name and it sounds so cool.

Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian form of THEODORE

TÖMÖRBAATAR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Mongolian

Means "iron hero" in Mongolian.

TOŠE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Macedonian

Other Scripts: Тоше (Macedonian)

Pronounced: TO-she

Personal note: For Toše Proeski (r.i.p...)

Variant transcription of TOSHE. This is the usual Romanized spelling of the name of the Macedonian pop star Toše Proeski (1981-2007).

URIAS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Biblical Latin

Latin form of URIAH

UWE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: German

German form of OVE

VADIK

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian

Other Scripts: Вадик (Russian)

Diminutive of VADIM

VALENCIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Spanish

Pronounced: bah-LEN-thyah (Spanish), bah-LEN-syah (Latin American Spanish)

From a Late Latin name which was derived from valentia "power". Cities in Spain and Venezuela bear this name.

VALENTIN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, French, Czech, Russian, Bulgarian, Slovene, Croatian, Macedonian, Romanian

Other Scripts: Валентин (Russian, Bulgarian, Macedonian)

Pronounced: VAH-len-teen (German), vah-lyen-TEEN (Russian), vah-leen-TEEN (Russian)

Form of Valentinus (see VALENTINE (1)).

VALKO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Bulgarian

Other Scripts: Вълко (Bulgarian)

Derived from Bulgarian вълк (valk) "wolf".

VERA (1)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Russian, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Portuguese

Other Scripts: Вера (Russian, Serbian, Macedonian)

Pronounced: VYE-rah (Russian), VEER-ə (English), VER-ə (English)

Means "faith" in Russian, though it is sometimes associated with the Latin word verus "true". It has been in general use in the English-speaking world since the late 19th century.

VESNA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Весна (Serbian, Macedonian)

Means "messenger" in Slavic. This was the name of a Slavic spirit associated with the springtime. In many Slavic languages this is now the poetic word for "spring". It has been used as a given name only since the 20th century.

VESPERA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Esperanto

Pronounced: ve-SPE-rah

Means "of the evening" in Esperanto.

VICTOR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, French, Portuguese, Romanian, Late Roman

Pronounced: VIK-tər (English), veek-TOR (French)

Roman name meaning "victor, conqueror" in Latin. It was common among early Christians, and was borne by several early saints and three popes. It was rare as an English name during the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century. A famous bearer was the French writer Victor Hugo (1802-1885), who authored 'The Hunchback of Notre Dame' and 'Les Misérables'.

VIDAR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Norse Mythology

From the Old Norse Víðarr, which is possibly derived from víðr "wide" and arr "warrior". In Norse mythology Víðarr was the son of Odin and Grid. At the time of the end of the world, the Ragnarok, he will avenge his father's death.

VIKTOR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Виктор (Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian, Macedonian), Віктор (Ukrainian)

Pronounced: VIK-tawr (German), VEEK-tahr (Russian)

Personal note: Dima Bilan's birth name.

Form of VICTOR

VILMOS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Hungarian

Pronounced: VEEL-mosh

Hungarian form of WILLIAM

VIOLETTA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Russian

Other Scripts: Виолетта (Russian)

Pronounced: vee-ah-LYE-tah (Russian)

Personal note: Violet is just too harsh for me.

Italian and Russian form of VIOLET

VLAD

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian, Romanian, Medieval Slavic

Other Scripts: Влад (Russian)

Pronounced: VLAHT (Russian)

Old short form of Slavic names beginning with the element vladeti meaning "rule". Vlad Dracula, a 15th-century prince of Wallachia, was Bram Stoker's inspiration for the name of his vampire, Count Dracula.

VLATKO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Влатко (Serbian, Macedonian)

Personal note: Someone i met in Ohrid.

Diminutive of VLADIMIR

VSEVOLOD

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian, Ukrainian, Medieval Slavic

Other Scripts: Всеволод (Russian)

Pronounced: FSYE-vah-laht (Russian)

Derived from the Slavic elements visi "all" and vladeti "rule". This was the name of an 11th-century Grand Prince of Kiev.

VUKAŠIN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Serbian

Other Scripts: Вукашин (Serbian)

Personal note: Yet another Eurovision name. Very cool.

Derived from Serbian vuk "wolf". This was the name of a 14th-century Serbian ruler.

VYTAUTAS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Lithuanian

From the Baltic elements vyti- "chase, drive away" or vyd- "see" combined with tauta "people, nation". This was the name of a 15th-century Grand Duke of Lithuania, revered as a national hero in that country.

WILBUR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: WIL-bər

From an English surname which was originally derived from the nickname Wildbor meaning "wild boar" in Middle English. This name was borne by Wilbur Wright (1867-1912), one half of the Wright brothers, who together invented the first successful airplane. Wright was named after the Methodist minister Wilbur Fisk (1792-1839).

WILFRED

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: WIL-frəd

Personal note: Cousin's name. Cool & old-fashioned.

Means "desiring peace" from Old English wil "will, desire" and friþ "peace". Saint Wilfrid was a 7th-century Anglo-Saxon bishop. The name was rarely used after the Norman conquest, but it was revived in the 19th century.

WOLFGANG

Gender: Masculine

Usage: German, Ancient Germanic, History

Pronounced: VAWLF-gahng (German), WUWLF-gang (English)

Derived from the Germanic elements wulf meaning "wolf" and gang "path". Two famous bearers of this name were Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) and German novelist and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832).

XANTHE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek

Other Scripts: Ξανθη (Ancient Greek)

Derived from Greek ξανθος (xanthos) meaning "yellow" or "fair hair". This was the name of a few minor figures in Greek mythology.

XERXES

Gender: Masculine

Usage: History

Pronounced: ZURK-seez (English)

Greek form of the Persian name Khshayarsha which meant "ruler over heroes". This was a 5th-century BC king of Persia, the son of Darius the Great. He attempted an invasion of Greece, which ended unsuccessfully at the battle of Salamis.

XIMENA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Spanish

Feminine form of XIMENO. This was the name of the wife of El Cid.

XOCHITL

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Native American, Nahuatl, Spanish (Latin American)

Means "flower" in Nahuatl.

YANNI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Greek

Other Scripts: Γιαννη (Greek)

Variant transcription of GIANNI

YASEN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Bulgarian

Other Scripts: Ясен (Bulgarian)

Means both "ash tree" and "clear, serene" in Bulgarian.

YEFIM

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian

Other Scripts: Ефим (Russian)

Pronounced: ye-FEEM, ee-FEEM

Russian form of the Greek name Ευφεμιος (Euphemios), the masculine form of EUPHEMIA.

YURI (1)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian, Ukrainian

Other Scripts: Юрий (Russian), Юрій (Ukrainian)

Pronounced: YOO-ree (Russian)

Variant transcription of YURIY

ZAHARI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Bulgarian

Other Scripts: Захари (Bulgarian)

Bulgarian form of ZECHARIAH

ZAIRA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian

Pronounced: dzah-EE-rah

Italian form of ZAÏRE

ZBIGNIEW

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Polish

Pronounced: ZBEEG-nyef

Derived from the Slavic elements zbyti "to dispel" and gnyevu "anger".

ZDENKA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Czech

Feminine form of ZDENKO

ZDENKO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Slovak, Slovene, Croatian

Derived from the Slavic element zidati meaning "build, create", originally a short form of names beginning with that element.

ZELDA (1)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Yiddish

Other Scripts: זֶעלְדָא (Yiddish)

Feminine form of SELIG

ZELIG

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Yiddish

Other Scripts: זֶעלִיג (Yiddish)

Variant of SELIG

ŽELJKO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Croatian, Serbian, Slovene

Other Scripts: Жељко (Serbian)

Personal note: As in Željko Joksimovic.

Derived from South Slavic želja meaning "desire".

ZIPPORAH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Biblical, Hebrew

Other Scripts: צִפּוֹרָה (Hebrew)

Pronounced: zi-PAWR-ə (English), ZIP-ər-ə (English)

Personal note: My Hebrew name.

From the Hebrew name צִפּוֹרָה (Tzipporah), derived from צִפּוֹר (tzippor) meaning "bird". In the Old Testament this is the name of the wife of Moses.

ZLATA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian, Czech, Slovak, Russian

Other Scripts: Злата (Serbian, Macedonian)

Feminine form of ZLATAN

ZOHAR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Hebrew

Other Scripts: זֹהַר (Hebrew)

Personal note: Oh dear, this means "cockroach" in Croatian! Ah well...

Means "light, brilliance" in Hebrew.

ZORA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Зора (Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian)

From a South and West Slavic word meaning "dawn, aurora".

ZRINKA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Croatian

Possibly from Zrin, the name of a village in Croatia.

ŽYDRŪNAS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Lithuanian

Possibly from Lithuanian žydras "blue".
Copyright © Mike Campbell 1996-2014.