Laura W's Personal Name List

ACACIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Rare)

Pronounced: ə-KAY-shə

Rating: 40% based on 4 votes

From the name of a type of tree, ultimately deriving from Greek ακη (ake) "thorn, point".

ALASTAR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish

Rating: 53% based on 3 votes

Irish form of ALEXANDER

ALLEGRA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Rare), Italian (Rare)

Pronounced: ə-LEG-rə (English), ahl-LE-grah (Italian)

Rating: 30% based on 4 votes

Means "cheerful, lively" in Italian. It is not a traditional Italian name. It was borne by a short-lived illegitimate daughter of Lord Byron.

AMELIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Spanish, Italian, Polish, Dutch, German, Ancient Germanic

Pronounced: ə-MEE-lee-ə (English), ə-MEEL-yə (English), ah-ME-lyah (Italian), ah-ME-lee-ah (German)

Rating: 50% based on 4 votes

Variant of AMALIA, though it is sometimes confused with EMILIA, which has a different origin. The name became popular in England after the German House of Hanover came to the British throne in the 18th century - it was borne by daughters of George II and George III. Another famous bearer was Amelia Earhart (1897-1937), the first woman to make a solo flight over the Atlantic Ocean.

AMELIE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: German

Pronounced: AH-me-lee, ah-me-LEE

Rating: 43% based on 4 votes

German variant of AMELIA

ANGELICA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Italian, Romanian, Literature

Pronounced: an-JEL-i-kə (English), ahn-JE-lee-kah (Italian)

Rating: 58% based on 4 votes

Derived from Latin angelicus meaning "angelic", ultimately related to Greek αγγελος (angelos) "messenger". The poets Boiardo and Ariosto used this name in their 'Orlando' poems (1495 and 1532), where it belongs to Orlando's love interest. It has been used as a given name since the 18th century.

ANGELINA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, English, Russian, German, Dutch, Polish, Spanish, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Ангелина (Russian, Macedonian)

Pronounced: ahn-je-LEE-nah (Italian), an-jə-LEEN-ə (English), ahn-GYE-lee-nah (Russian), ahn-gye-LEE-nah (Russian), ahn-gee-LEE-nah (Russian), ahn-ge-LEE-nah (Polish)

Rating: 38% based on 4 votes

Latinate diminutive of ANGELA. A famous bearer is American actress Angelina Jolie (1975-).

ANTHONY

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: AN-thə-nee, AN-tə-nee

Rating: 57% based on 3 votes

English form of the Roman family name Antonius, which is of unknown Etruscan origin. The most notable member of the Roman family was the general Marcus Antonius (called Mark Antony in English), who for a period in the 1st century BC ruled the Roman Empire jointly with Augustus. When their relationship turned sour, he and his mistress Cleopatra were attacked and forced to commit suicide, as related in Shakespeare's tragedy 'Antony and Cleopatra' (1606).

The name became regularly used in the Christian world due to the fame of Saint Anthony the Great, a 4th-century Egyptian hermit who founded Christian monasticism. Its popularity was reinforced in the Middle Ages by the 13th-century Saint Anthony of Padua, the patron saint of Portugal. It has been commonly (but incorrectly) associated with Greek ανθος (anthos) "flower", which resulted in the addition of the h to this spelling in the 17th century.

ANTONIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Spanish, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Polish, Romanian, Ancient Roman

Pronounced: ahn-TO-nyah (Italian, Spanish), an-TON-ee-ə (English), ahn-TO-nee-ah (German, Dutch), ahn-TAWN-yah (Polish)

Rating: 43% based on 3 votes

Feminine form of Antonius (see ANTHONY).

APOLLO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized)

Other Scripts: Απολλων (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: ə-PAW-lo (English)

Rating: 67% based on 3 votes

From Greek Απολλων (Apollon), which is of unknown meaning, though perhaps related to Indo-European *apelo "strength". Another theory states that Apollo can be equated with Appaliunas, an Anatolian god whose name possibly means "father lion" or "father light". The Greeks later associated Apollo's name with the Greek verb απολλυμι (apollymi) meaning "to destroy". In Greek mythology Apollo was the son of Zeus and Leto and the twin of Artemis. He was the god of prophecy, medicine, music, art, law, beauty, and wisdom. Later he also became the god of the sun and light.

ARCADIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Various

Rating: 48% based on 4 votes

Feminine form of ARCADIUS

ARIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: AHR-ee-ə

Rating: 90% based on 1 vote

Means "song" or "melody" in Italian (literally means "air"). An aria is an elaborate vocal solo, the type usually performed in operas. As an English name, it has only been in use since the 20th century.

AUDRA (2)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: AWD-rə

Rating: 80% based on 1 vote

Variant of AUDREY, used since the 19th century.

BETHANY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Biblical

Pronounced: BETH-ə-nee (English)

Rating: 20% based on 1 vote

From the name of a biblical town, possibly derived from Hebrew בֵּית־תְּאֵנָה (beit-te'enah) meaning "house of figs". In the New Testament the town of Bethany was the home of Lazarus and his sisters Mary and Martha. It has been in use as a rare given name in the English-speaking world since the 19th century, used primarily by Catholics in honour of Mary of Bethany. In America it became moderately common after the 1950s.

BLAINE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: BLAYN

Rating: 27% based on 3 votes

From a Scottish surname which was derived from the given name Bláán, which meant "yellow" in Gaelic. Saint Bláán was a 6th-century missionary to the Picts.

BLAISE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: French

Pronounced: BLEZ

Rating: 10% based on 3 votes

From the Roman name Blasius which meant "lisping" from Latin blaesus. A famous bearer was the French mathematician and philosopher Blaise Pascal (1623-1662).

BLAKE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: BLAYK

Rating: 37% based on 3 votes

From a surname which was derived from Old English blæc "black" or blāc "pale". A famous bearer of the surname was the poet and artist William Blake (1757-1827).

BRADEN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Irish

Pronounced: BRAY-dən

Personal note: My son's name.

Rating: 3% based on 3 votes

From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Bradáin meaning "descendent of BRADÁN".

BRIAR

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Rare)

Pronounced: BRIE-ər

Rating: 20% based on 3 votes

From the English word for the thorny plant.

BRIDGER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: BRIJ-ər

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

From an English surname which originally indicated a person who lived near or worked on a bridge.

BRIONY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Rare)

Pronounced: BRIE-ən-ee

Rating: 43% based on 3 votes

Variant of BRYONY

BRYONY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Rare)

Pronounced: BRIE-ə-nee

From the name of a type of Eurasian vine, formerly used as medicine. It ultimately derives from Greek βρυω (bryo) "to swell".

CADENCE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: KAY-dənts

From an English word meaning "rhythm, flow". It has been in use only since the 20th century.

CÁEL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish Mythology

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

From Gaelic caol "slender". In Irish legend Cáel was a warrior of the Fianna and the lover of Créd.

CAI (2)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh Mythology, Arthurian Romance

Rating: 45% based on 2 votes

Welsh form of KAY (2)

CAITLIN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Irish, English

Pronounced: KAHT-leen (Irish), KAYT-lin (English)

Anglicized form of CAITLÍN

CALE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: KAYL

Rating: 10% based on 2 votes

Short form of CALEB

CALLUM

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Scottish

Pronounced: KAL-um

Rating: 10% based on 2 votes

Variant of CALUM

CALVIN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: KAL-vin

Rating: 65% based on 2 votes

Derived from the French surname Chauvin, which was derived from chauve "bald". The surname was borne by Jean Chauvin (1509-1564), a theologian from France who was one of the leaders of the Protestant Reformation. His surname was Latinized as Calvinus (based on Latin calvus "bald") and he is known as John Calvin in English. It has been used as a given name in his honour since the 19th century.

CAMILLE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, English

Pronounced: ka-MEE (French), kə-MEEL (English)

French feminine and masculine form of CAMILLA. It is also used in the English-speaking world, where it is generally only feminine.

CAPRICE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Rare)

Rating: 13% based on 3 votes

From the English word meaning "impulse", ultimately (via French) from Italian capriccio.

CAROLINE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch

Pronounced: ka-ro-LEEN (French), KER-ə-lien (English), KER-ə-lin (English), KAR-ə-lien (English), KAR-ə-lin (English)

French feminine form of CAROLUS

CARSON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Scottish, English

Pronounced: KAHR-sən

Rating: 35% based on 2 votes

From a Scottish surname of unknown meaning. A famous bearer of the surname was the American scout Kit Carson (1809-1868).

CARTER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: KAHR-tər

Rating: 35% based on 2 votes

From an English surname which meant "one who uses a cart".

CASEY

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Irish

Pronounced: KAY-see

Rating: 35% based on 2 votes

From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Cathasaigh meaning "descendent of CATHASACH". This name can be given in honour of Casey Jones (1863-1900), a train engineer who sacrificed his life to save his passengers. In his case, Casey was a nickname acquired because he was raised in the town of Cayce, Kentucky.

CASPIAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Literature

Pronounced: KAS-pee-ən (English)

Rating: 35% based on 2 votes

Used by author C. S. Lewis for a character in his 'Chronicles of Narnia' series, first appearing in 1950. Prince Caspian first appears in the fourth book, where he is the rightful king of Narnia driven into exile by his evil uncle Miraz. Lewis probably based the name on the Caspian Sea, which was named for the city of Qazvin, which was itself named for the ancient Cas tribe.

CASSIDY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: KAS-i-dee

From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Caiside meaning "descendent of CAISIDE".

CATALINA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Spanish

Pronounced: kah-tah-LEE-nah

Spanish form of KATHERINE

CATERINA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Catalan

Italian and Catalan form of KATHERINE

CHANDLER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: CHAND-lər

Rating: 40% based on 2 votes

From an occupational surname which meant "candle seller" in Middle English, ultimately from Old French.

CHARLOTTE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch

Pronounced: shar-LOT (French), SHAHR-lət (English), shahr-LAW-tə (German), shahr-LAWT-tə (Dutch)

Rating: 45% based on 2 votes

French feminine diminutive of CHARLES. It was introduced to Britain in the 17th century. A notable bearer was Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855), the eldest of the three Bronte sisters and the author of 'Jane Eyre' and 'Villette'.

CHELSEA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: CHEL-see

From the name of a district in London, originally derived from Old English and meaning "landing place for chalk or limestone". It has been in general use as an English given name since the 1970s.

CHLOE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology

Other Scripts: Χλοη (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: KLO-ee (English)

Means "green shoot" in Greek. This was an epithet of the Greek goddess Demeter. The name is also mentioned by Paul in one of his epistles in the New Testament. As an English name, Chloe has been in use since the Protestant Reformation.

CIARÁN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish

Pronounced: KEER-awn, KEE-ar-awn

Rating: 45% based on 2 votes

Diminutive of CIAR. This was the name of two Irish saints: Saint Ciarán the Elder, the patron of the Kingdom of Munster, and Saint Ciarán of Clonmacnoise, the founder of a monastery in the 6th century.

CLARA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian, English, Late Roman

Pronounced: KLAH-rah (Italian, German, Spanish), KLER-ə (English), KLAR-ə (English)

Rating: 50% based on 2 votes

Feminine form of the Late Latin name Clarus which meant "clear, bright, famous". The name Clarus was borne by a few early saints. The feminine form was popularized by the 13th-century Saint Clare of Assisi (called Chiara in Italian), a friend and follower of Saint Francis, who left her wealthy family to found the order of nuns known as the Poor Clares. As an English name it has been in use since the Middle Ages, originally in the form Clare, though the Latinate spelling Clara became more popular in the 19th century.

COLE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: KOL

Rating: 30% based on 2 votes

From a surname which was originally derived from the Old English byname COLA.

COOPER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: KOOP-ər, KUWP-ər

Rating: 0% based on 2 votes

From a surname meaning "barrel maker" in Middle English.

CORA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, German

Pronounced: KAWR-ə (English)

Rating: 45% based on 2 votes

Created by James Fenimore Cooper for his novel 'The Last of the Mohicans' (1826). He may have based it on KORË or CORINNA.

CORAL

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: KAWR-əl

From the English word coral for the underwater skeletal deposits which can form reefs. It is ultimately derived (via Old French and Latin) from Greek κοραλλιον (korallion).

CORALIE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French

Rating: 50% based on 2 votes

Either a French form of KORALIA, or a derivative of Latin corallium "coral" (see CORAL).

CORBIN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: KAWR-bin

Rating: 25% based on 2 votes

From a French surname which was derived from corbeau "raven", originally denoting a person who had dark hair. The name was probably popularized in America by actor Corbin Bernsen (1954-).

CORDELIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: kawr-DEL-ee-ə, kawr-DEL-yə

Rating: 80% based on 2 votes

From Cordeilla, possibly a Celtic name of unknown meaning. According to Geoffrey of Monmouth, Cordeilla was the youngest of the three daughters of King Lear and the only one to remain loyal to her father. When adapting the character for his play 'King Lear' (1606), Shakespeare altered the spelling to Cordelia.

CORINNE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, English

Pronounced: ko-REEN (French), kə-REEN (English), kə-RIN (English)

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

French form of CORINNA. The French-Swiss author Madame de Staël used it for her novel 'Corinne' (1807).

CORNELIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Italian, German, Dutch, Romanian, Ancient Roman

Pronounced: kər-NEE-lee-ə (English), kər-NEEL-yə (English), kor-NE-lyah (Italian), kawr-NE-lee-ah (German), kawr-NAY-lee-ah (Dutch)

Feminine form of CORNELIUS. In the 2nd century BC it was borne by Cornelia Scipionis Africana (the daughter of the military hero Scipio Africanus), the mother of the two reformers known as the Gracchi. After her death she was regarded as an example of the ideal Roman woman. The name was revived in the 18th century.

COURTNEY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: KORT-nee

Rating: 0% based on 2 votes

From an aristocratic English surname which was derived either from the French place name Courtenay (originally a derivative of the personal name Curtenus, itself derived from Latin curtus "short") or else from a Norman nickname meaning "short nose". As a feminine name in America, it first became popular during the 1970s.

DAWSON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: DAW-sən

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

From a surname meaning "son of DAVID". This name was popularized in the late 1990s by the television drama 'Dawson's Creek'.

DELIA (1)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Italian, Spanish, Greek Mythology

Other Scripts: Δηλια (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: DEEL-ee-ə (English), DEEL-yə (English), DEL-yah (Italian, Spanish)

Means "of Delos" in Greek. This was an epithet of the Greek goddess Artemis, given because she and her twin brother Apollo were born on the island of Delos. The name appeared in several poems of the 16th and 17th centuries, and it has occasionally been used as a given name since that time.

DILLON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: DIL-ən

Rating: 30% based on 2 votes

Variant of DYLAN based on the spelling of the surname Dillon, which has an unrelated origin.

DIMITRI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian, French

Other Scripts: Димитрий (Russian)

Pronounced: dee-MEE-tree (Russian)

Rating: 75% based on 2 votes

Variant of DMITRIY, using the Church Slavic spelling.

DONALD

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Scottish, English

Pronounced: DAHN-əld (English)

Rating: 70% based on 2 votes

From the Gaelic name Domhnall which means "ruler of the world", composed of the old Celtic elements dumno "world" and val "rule". This was the name of two 9th-century kings of the Scots and Picts. It has traditionally been very popular in Scotland, and during the 20th century it became common in the rest of the English-speaking world. This is the name of one of Walt Disney's most popular cartoon characters, Donald Duck. It was also borne by Australian cricket player Donald Bradman (1908-2001).

EDEN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Hebrew, English (Modern)

Other Scripts: עֵדֶן (Hebrew)

Pronounced: EE-dən (English)

Means "place of pleasure" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament the Garden of Eden is the place where the first people, Adam and Eve, live before they are expelled.

ELISE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, English

Pronounced: e-LEE-zə (German), i-LEES (English), i-LEEZ (English)

Rating: 50% based on 2 votes

Short form of ELIZABETH

ELIZA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Polish

Pronounced: i-LIE-zə (English), e-LEE-zah (Polish)

Short form of ELIZABETH. It was borne by the character Eliza Doolittle in George Bernard Shaw's play 'Pygmalion' (1913) and the subsequent musical adaptation 'My Fair Lady' (1956).

ELIZABETH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Biblical

Pronounced: i-LIZ-ə-bəth (English)

Rating: 85% based on 2 votes

From Ελισαβετ (Elisabet), the Greek form of the Hebrew name אֱלִישֶׁבַע ('Elisheva') meaning "my God is an oath" or perhaps "my God is abundance". The Hebrew form appears in the Old Testament where Elisheba is the wife of Aaron, while the Greek form appears in the New Testament where Elizabeth is the mother of John the Baptist.

Among Christians, this name was originally more common in Eastern Europe. It was borne in the 12th century by Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, a daughter of King Andrew II who used her wealth to help the poor. In medieval England it was occasionally used in honour of the saint, though the form Isabel (from Occitan and Spanish) was more common. It has been very popular in England since the reign of Queen Elizabeth I in the 16th century. Famous modern bearers include the British queen Elizabeth II (1926-) and actress Elizabeth Taylor (1932-2011).

ELOISA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian

Pronounced: e-lo-EE-zah

Rating: 45% based on 2 votes

Italian form of ELOISE

ELOISE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: EL-o-eez, el-o-EEZ

Rating: 75% based on 2 votes

From the Old French name Héloïse, which is probably from the Germanic name Helewidis, composed of the elements heil "hale, healthy" and wid "wide". It is sometimes associated with the Greek word ‘ηλιος (helios) "sun" or the name Louise, though there is not likely an etymological connection. This name was borne in the 12th century by Saint Eloise, the wife of the French theologian Peter Abelard. She became a nun after her husband was castrated by her uncle.

There was a medieval English form of this name, Helewis, though it died out after the 13th century. In the 19th century it was revived in the English-speaking world in the form Eloise.

EVE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, French, Biblical

Other Scripts: חַוָּה (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: EEV (English), EV (French)

From the Hebrew name חַוָּה (Chawwah), which was derived from the Hebrew word חוה (chawah) "to breathe" or the related word חיה (chayah) "to live". According to the Old Testament Book of Genesis, Eve and Adam were the first humans. She gave the forbidden fruit to Adam, causing their expulsion from the Garden of Eden. Despite this potentially negative association, the name was occasionally used during the Middle Ages. In the English-speaking world both Eve and the Latin form Eva were revived in the 19th century.

FINN (1)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish Mythology, Irish

Rating: 60% based on 1 vote

Older Irish form of FIONN. This is also the usual Anglicized spelling of the name. As a surname it is borne by Huckleberry Finn, a character in Mark Twain's novels.

FREYA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Norse Mythology, English (British, Modern)

Pronounced: FRAY-ah (Norse Mythology), FRAY-ə (English)

From Old Norse Freyja meaning "lady". This is the name of the goddess of love, beauty, war and death in Norse mythology. She claimed half of the heroes who were slain in battle and brought them to her realm in Asgard. Some scholars connect her with the goddess Frigg.

This is not the usual spelling in any of the Scandinavian languages (in Sweden and Denmark it is Freja and in Norway it is Frøja) but it is the common spelling of the goddess's name in English. In the 2000s it became popular in Britain.

GAVIN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Scottish

Pronounced: GAV-in (English)

Rating: 25% based on 2 votes

Medieval form of GAWAIN. Though it died out in England, it was reintroduced from Scotland in the 20th century.

GENEVIEVE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: JEN-ə-veev

Rating: 15% based on 2 votes

English form of GENEVIÈVE

GERMAINE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French

Rating: 40% based on 1 vote

French feminine form of GERMAIN. Saint Germaine was a 16th-century peasant girl from France.

GIANNA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian

Pronounced: JAHN-nah

Rating: 10% based on 2 votes

Short form of GIOVANNA

GILLIAN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: JIL-ee-ən

Rating: 25% based on 2 votes

Medieval English feminine form of JULIAN. This spelling has been in use since the 13th century, though it was not declared a distinct name from Julian until the 17th century.

GINA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish

Pronounced: JEE-nah (Italian), JEE-nə (English)

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

Short form of GEORGINA, REGINA, LUIGINA, and other names ending in gina. It can also be used as a diminutive of VIRGINIA or EUGENIA. It was popularized in the 1950s by Italian actress Gina Lollobrigida (1927-), whose birth name was Luigina.

GLENN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Scottish, English

Pronounced: GLEN

Personal note: My son's middle name

Rating: 55% based on 2 votes

From a Scottish surname which was derived from Gaelic gleann "valley". A famous bearer of the surname is American astronaut John Glenn (1921-).

HARRIET

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: HER-ee-ət, HAR-ee-ət

English form of HENRIETTE, and thus a feminine form of HARRY. It was first used in the 17th century, becoming very common in the English-speaking world by the 18th century. A famous bearer was Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896), the American author who wrote 'Uncle Tom's Cabin'.

HUDSON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: HUD-sən

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

From an English surname which meant "son of HUDDE". A famous bearer of the surname was the English explorer Henry Hudson (1570-1611).

IRIS

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Greek Mythology, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, French, Spanish

Other Scripts: Ιρις (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: IE-ris (English), EE-ris (German, Dutch)

Means "rainbow" in Greek. Iris was the name of the Greek goddess of the rainbow. This name can also be given in reference to the English word (which derives from the same Greek source) for the name of the iris flower or the coloured part of the eye.

ISIS

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Egyptian Mythology (Hellenized)

Other Scripts: Ισις (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: IE-sis (English)

Greek form of Egyptian Ist (reconstructed as Iset or Ueset), which possibly meant "the throne". In Egyptian mythology Isis was the goddess of the sky and nature, the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus. She was originally depicted wearing a throne-shaped headdress, but in later times she was conflated with the goddess Hathor and depicted having the horns of a cow on her head. She was also worshipped by people outside of Egypt, such as the Greeks and Romans.

ISLA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Scottish

Pronounced: IE-lə

Variant of ISLAY, typically used as a feminine name.

IVY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: IE-vee

Personal note: My daughter's name

Rating: 47% based on 3 votes

From the English word for the climbing plant that has small yellow flowers. It is ultimately derived from Old English ifig.

JANA (1)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Dutch, German, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Catalan

Pronounced: YAH-nah (Dutch, German)

Feminine form of JAN (1)

JANE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: JAYN

Personal note: My daughter's middle name

Rating: 53% based on 3 votes

Medieval English form of Jehanne, an Old French feminine form of Iohannes (see JOHN). This became the most common feminine form of John in the 17th century, surpassing Joan. Famous bearers include the uncrowned English queen Lady Jane Grey (1536-1554), who ruled for only 9 days, the British novelist Jane Austen (1775-1817), who wrote 'Sense and Sensibility' and 'Pride and Prejudice', and the British primatologist Jane Goodall (1934-). This was also the name of the central character in Charlotte Bronte's novel 'Jane Eyre' (1847).

JETT

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: JET

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

From the English word jet, which denotes either a jet aircraft or an intense black colour (the words derive from different sources).

JOLIE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Various

Pronounced: JO-lee (English), zho-LEE (French)

Means "pretty" in French. This name was popularized by American actress Angelina Jolie (1975-), whose surname was originally her middle name. It is not used as a given name in France.

JONAH

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Biblical

Other Scripts: יוֹנָה (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: JO-nə (English)

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

From the Hebrew name יוֹנָה (Yonah) meaning "dove". This was the name of a prophet swallowed by a fish, as told in the Old Testament Book of Jonah. He emerged from the fish alive three days later. His story was popular in the Middle Ages, but the name did not become common until after the Protestant Reformation.

JONAS (1)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Lithuanian

Pronounced: YO-nus

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

Lithuanian form of JOHN

JOSEPH

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, French, German, Biblical

Other Scripts: יוֹסֵף (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: JO-səf (English), zho-ZEF (French), YO-zef (German)

Personal note: My son's middle name

Rating: 70% based on 2 votes

From Ioseph, the Latin form of Greek Ιωσηφ (Ioseph), which was from the Hebrew name יוֹסֵף (Yosef) meaning "he will add". In the Old Testament, Joseph is the eleventh son of Jacob. Because he was the favourite of his father, his older brothers sent him to Egypt and told their father that he had died. In Egypt, Joseph became an advisor to the pharaoh, and was eventually reconciled with his brothers when they came to Egypt during a famine. This name also occurs in the New Testament, belonging to Saint Joseph the husband of Mary and Joseph of Arimathea.

In the Middle Ages, Joseph was a common Jewish name, being less frequent among Christians. In the late Middle Ages Saint Joseph became more highly revered, and the name became popular in Spain and Italy. In England it became common after the Protestant Reformation. This name was borne by rulers of the Holy Roman Empire and Portugal. Other notable bearers include Polish-British author Joseph Conrad (1857-1924) and the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin (1878-1953).

JULIAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Polish, German

Pronounced: JOO-lee-ən (English), JOOL-yən (English), YUWL-yahn (Polish), YOO-lee-ahn (German)

Rating: 50% based on 2 votes

From the Roman name Iulianus, which was derived from JULIUS. This was the name of the last pagan Roman emperor, Julian the Apostate (4th century). It was also borne by several early saints, including the legendary Saint Julian the Hospitaller. This name has been used in England since the Middle Ages, at which time it was also a feminine name (from Juliana, eventually becoming Gillian).

KARSTEN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Low German

Pronounced: KAHR-sten

Rating: 45% based on 2 votes

Low German form of CHRISTIAN

KATE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Croatian

Pronounced: KAYT (English)

Rating: 40% based on 2 votes

Diminutive of KATHERINE, often used independently. It has been used in England since the Middle Ages. This was the name of the woman who Petruchio marries and tries to tame in Shakespeare's comedy 'Taming of the Shrew' (1593). A famous bearer is the British actress Kate Winslet (1975-).

KATELYN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: KAYT-lin

Variant of CAITLIN

KEIRA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Modern)

Rating: 60% based on 2 votes

Variant of KIRA (2). This spelling was popularized by British actress Keira Knightley (1985-).

KEIRAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English (Rare)

Rating: 50% based on 2 votes

Variant of KIERAN

KELSEY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: KEL-see

Rating: 0% based on 2 votes

From an English surname which is derived from town names in Lincolnshire. It may mean "Cenel's island", from the Old English name Cenel "fierce" in combination with eg "island".

KIAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English (Modern)

Rating: 50% based on 2 votes

Variant of CIAN

KIARAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English (Rare)

Rating: 50% based on 2 votes

Anglicized form of CIARÁN

KIERAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish

Pronounced: KEER-awn, KEE-ar-awn

Rating: 50% based on 2 votes

Anglicized form of CIARÁN

LACHLAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Scottish, English (Australian)

Rating: 30% based on 2 votes

Originally a Scottish nickname for a person who was from Norway. In Scotland, Norway was known as the "land of the lochs", or Lochlann.

LAILA (1)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Arabic, English

Other Scripts: ليلى (Arabic)

Pronounced: LAY-lə (English), LIE-lə (English)

Rating: 0% based on 2 votes

Variant of LAYLA

LAINE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Estonian

Pronounced: LIE-ne

Means "wave" in Estonian.

LAKE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English (Rare)

Pronounced: LAYK

Rating: 55% based on 2 votes

From the English word lake, for the inland body of water. It is ultimately derived from Latin lacus.

LAUREL

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: LAWR-əl

From the name of the laurel tree, ultimately from Latin laurus.

LAVINIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Roman Mythology, Romanian

Meaning unknown, probably of Etruscan origin. In Roman legend Lavinia was the daughter of King Latinus, the wife of Aeneas, and the ancestor of the Roman people. According to the legend Aeneas named the town of Lavinium in honour of his wife.

LEILA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Arabic, Iranian, English, Georgian

Other Scripts: ليلى (Arabic), لیلا (Persian), ლეილა (Georgian)

Pronounced: LAY-lə (English), LEE-lə (English), LIE-lə (English)

Rating: 0% based on 2 votes

Variant of LAYLA. This spelling was used by Lord Byron for characters in 'The Giaour' (1813) and 'Don Juan' (1819), and it is through him that the name was introduced to the English-speaking world.

LEO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, English, Croatian, Late Roman

Pronounced: LE-o (German), LAY-o (Dutch), LEE-o (English)

Rating: 35% based on 2 votes

Derived from Latin leo "lion", a cognate of LEON. It was popular among early Christians and was the name of 13 popes, including Saint Leo the Great who asserted the dominance of the Roman bishops (the popes) over all others in the 5th century. It was also borne by six Byzantine emperors and five Armenian kings. Another famous bearer was Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), a Russian novelist whose works include 'War and Peace' and 'Anna Karenina'. Leo is also the name of a constellation and the fifth sign of the zodiac.

LEWIS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: LOO-is

Rating: 55% based on 2 votes

Medieval English form of LOUIS. A famous bearer was Lewis Carroll (1832-1898), the author of 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland'. This was also the surname of C. S. Lewis (1898-1963), the author of the 'Chronicles of Narnia'.

LILA (1)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Indian

Other Scripts: लीला (Hindi)

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

Means "play, amusement" in Sanskrit.

LINNÉA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Swedish

Pronounced: lin-NE-ah

From the name of a flower, also known as the twinflower. The Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus named it after himself, it being his favourite flower.

LINUS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized), German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish

Other Scripts: Λινος (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: LIE-nəs (English), LEE-nuws (German)

Rating: 50% based on 2 votes

From the Greek name Λινος (Linos) meaning "flax". In Greek legend he was the son of the god Apollo, who accidentally killed him in a contest. Another son of Apollo by this name was the music teacher of Herakles. The name was also borne by the second pope, serving after Saint Peter in the 1st century. In modern times it was the name of a character in Charles Schulz's comic strip 'Peanuts'.

LORELEI

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Germanic Mythology

Pronounced: lawr-e-LIE, LAWR-e-lie

Rating: 40% based on 1 vote

From a Germanic name meaning "luring rock". This is the name of a rock headland on the Rhine River. Legends say that a maiden named the Lorelei lives on the rock and lures fishermen to their death with her song.

LOUIS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: French, English, Dutch

Pronounced: loo-EE (French), LOO-is (English)

Rating: 80% based on 2 votes

French form of Ludovicus, the Latinized form of LUDWIG. This was the name of 18 kings of France, starting with Louis I the son of Charlemagne, and including Louis IX (Saint Louis) who led two crusades and Louis XIV (the 'Sun King') who was the ruler of France during the height of its power, the builder of the Palace of Versailles, and the longest reigning monarch in the history of Europe.

Apart from among royalty, this name was only moderately popular in France during the Middle Ages. After the French Revolution, when Louis XVI was guillotined, it became less common. The Normans brought the name to England, where it was usually spelled Lewis, though the spelling Louis has been more common in America. Famous bearers include French scientist Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), Métis leader Louis Riel (1844-1885), who led a rebellion against Canada, and Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894), who wrote 'Treasure Island' and 'Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde'.

LOUISA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, German, Dutch

Pronounced: loo-EEZ-ə (English), loo-EES-ə (English)

Rating: 65% based on 2 votes

Latinate feminine form of LOUIS

LOUISE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, English, Dutch

Pronounced: loo-EEZ (French, English)

Rating: 75% based on 2 votes

French feminine form of LOUIS

LUC

Gender: Masculine

Usage: French

Pronounced: LOOK

Rating: 45% based on 2 votes

French form of LUKE

LUCA (1)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Italian, Romanian, German

Pronounced: LOO-kah (Italian)

Rating: 65% based on 2 votes

Italian and Romanian form of LUKE. This name was borne by Luca della Robbia, a Renaissance sculptor from Florence.

LUCIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Romanian, Slovak, Ancient Roman

Pronounced: loo-CHEE-ah (Italian), LOO-tsee-ah (German), LOO-shə (English), loo-SEE-ə (English)

Rating: 30% based on 2 votes

Feminine form of LUCIUS. Saint Lucia was a 4th-century martyr from Syracuse. She was said to have had her eyes gouged out, and thus is the patron saint of the blind. She was widely revered in the Middle Ages, and her name has been used throughout Christian Europe (in various spellings). It has been used in the England since the 12th-century, usually in the spellings Lucy or Luce.

LUCIAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Romanian, English

Pronounced: LOO-shən (English)

Rating: 30% based on 1 vote

Romanian and English form of LUCIANUS. Lucian is the usual name of Lucianus of Samosata in English.

LUCINDA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Portuguese, Literature

Pronounced: loo-SIN-də (English)

An elaboration of LUCIA created by Cervantes for his novel 'Don Quixote' (1605). It was subsequently used by Molière in his play 'The Doctor in Spite of Himself' (1666).

LUNA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Roman Mythology

Rating: 10% based on 2 votes

Means "the moon" in Latin. Luna was the Roman goddess of the moon, frequently depicted driving a white chariot through the sky.

LYDIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, German, Finnish, Biblical, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek

Other Scripts: Λυδια (Ancient Greek), Лѷдіа (Church Slavic)

Pronounced: LID-ee-ə (English), LUY-dee-ah (German)

Rating: 100% based on 1 vote

Means "from Lydia" in Greek. Lydia was a region on the west coast of Asia Minor. In the New Testament this is the name of a woman converted to Christianity by Saint Paul. In the modern era the name has been in use since the Protestant Reformation.

LYRIC

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: LIR-ik

Rating: 0% based on 2 votes

Means simply "lyric, songlike" from the English word, ultimately derived from Greek λυρικος (lyrikos).

MABEL

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: MAY-bəl

Rating: 0% based on 1 vote

Medieval feminine form of AMABILIS. This spelling and Amabel were common during the Middle Ages, though they became rare after the 15th century. It was revived in the 19th century after the publication of C. M. Yonge's novel 'The Heir of Redclyffe' (1854), which featured a character named Mabel (as well as one named Amabel).

MADELEINE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, English

Pronounced: ma-də-LEN (French), mad-LEN (French), MAD-ə-lin (English), MAD-ə-lien (English)

Rating: 40% based on 2 votes

French form of MAGDALENE

MADELINE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, French

Pronounced: MAD-ə-lin (English), MAD-ə-lien (English), ma-də-LEEN (French), mad-LEEN (French)

English form of MAGDALENE. This is the name of the heroine in a series of children's books by Ludwig Bemelmans, first published 1939.

MAE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: MAY

Rating: 25% based on 2 votes

Variant of MAY. A famous bearer was American actress Mae West (1893-1980), whose birth name was Mary.

MAEVE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Irish, Irish Mythology

Pronounced: MAYV

Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Medb meaning "intoxicating". In Irish legend this was the name of a warrior queen of Connacht. Her fight against Ulster and the hero Cúchulainn is told in the Irish epic 'The Cattle Raid of Cooley'.

MAIA (1)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Greek Mythology, Roman Mythology, Georgian

Other Scripts: Μαια (Ancient Greek), მაია (Georgian)

Pronounced: MAY-ə (English), MIE-ə (English)

Rating: 35% based on 2 votes

Meaning unknown. In Greek and Roman mythology she was the eldest of the Pleiades, the group of seven stars in the constellation Taurus, who were the daughters of Atlas and Pleione. Her son by Zeus was Hermes.

MARINA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Greek, Russian, Romanian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Georgian, Ancient Roman

Other Scripts: Μαρινα (Greek), Марина (Russian, Bulgarian, Serbian, Macedonian), მარინა (Georgian)

Pronounced: mah-REE-nah (Italian, Spanish, German, Russian)

Feminine form of MARINUS

MATEO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Spanish, Croatian

Pronounced: mah-TE-o (Spanish)

Rating: 50% based on 2 votes

Spanish form of MATTHEW. This form is also sometimes used in Croatian, from the Italian form MATTEO.

MAURA (2)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Irish, Scottish, English

Pronounced: MAWR-ə

Anglicized form of MÁIRE. It has also been associated with Gaelic mór meaning "great". This was the name of an obscure 5th-century Irish or Scottish martyr.

MAVERICK

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: MAV-ə-rik

Rating: 15% based on 2 votes

Derived from the English word maverick meaning "independent". The word itself is derived from the surname of a 19th-century Texas rancher who did not brand his calves.

MAYBELLE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Rating: 0% based on 2 votes

Variant of MABEL

MEGAERA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized)

Other Scripts: Μεγαιρα (Ancient Greek)

Latinized form of Greek Μεγαιρα (Megaira) which was derived from μεγαιρω (megairo) "to grudge". This was the name of one of the Furies or Ερινυες (Erinyes) in Greek mythology.

MELANIE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, German, Dutch

Pronounced: MEL-ə-nee (English), ME-lah-nee (German)

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

From the French form of the Latin name Melania, derived from Greek μελαινα (melaina) meaning "black, dark". This was the name of a Roman saint who gave all her wealth to charity in the 5th century. Her grandmother was also a saint with the same name.

The name was common in France during the Middle Ages, and was it introduced from there to England, though it eventually became rare. Interest in it was revived by the character Melanie Wilkes from the novel 'Gone with the Wind' (1936) and the subsequent movie adaptation (1939).

MICAH

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Biblical, English

Other Scripts: מִיכָה (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: MIE-kə (English)

Rating: 40% based on 2 votes

Contracted form of MICAIAH. Micah is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament. He predicted the destruction of Jerusalem. It was occasionally used as an English given name by the Puritans after the Protestant Reformation, but it did not become common until the end of the 20th century.

MILO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Ancient Germanic

Pronounced: MIE-lo (English)

Rating: 60% based on 2 votes

Old Germanic form of MILES, as well as the Latinized form. This form of the name was used in official documents during the Middle Ages, and it has been used independently since the 19th century.

MIRANDA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: mə-RAN-də

Derived from Latin mirandus meaning "admirable, wonderful". The name was created by Shakespeare for the heroine in his play 'The Tempest' (1611). It did not become a common English given name until the 20th century. This is also the name of one of the moons of Uranus.

MOIRA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Irish, Scottish

Pronounced: MOI-ra

Anglicized form of MÁIRE

MOLLIE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: MAHL-ee

Rating: 10% based on 2 votes

Variant of MOLLY

MOLLY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: MAHL-ee

Rating: 40% based on 2 votes

Diminutive of MARY. It developed from Malle and Molle, other medieval diminutives. James Joyce used this name in his novel 'Ulysses' (1920), where it belongs to Molly Bloom, the wife of the main character.

MORGAN (1)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh, English, French

Pronounced: MAWR-gən (English)

Rating: 80% based on 2 votes

From the Old Welsh masculine name Morcant, which was possibly derived from Welsh mor "sea" and cant "circle". Since the 1980s in America Morgan has been more common for girls than boys, perhaps due to stories of Morgan le Fay or the fame of actress Morgan Fairchild (1950-).

MORGAN (2)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Arthurian Romance

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

Modern form of Morgen, which was used by Geoffrey of Monmouth in the 12th century for the Arthurian sorceress Morgan le Fay, who was unnamed in earlier stories. Geoffrey probably did not derive it from the Welsh masculine name Morgan, which would have been spelled Morcant in his time. He may have based it on the Irish name MUIRGEN.

NELLIE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: NEL-ee

Rating: 25% based on 2 votes

Diminutive of NELL

NELLY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: NEL-ee

Rating: 25% based on 2 votes

Diminutive of NELL

OCÉANE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French

Pronounced: o-say-AHN

Rating: 30% based on 2 votes

Derived from French océan meaning "ocean".

PARKER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: PAHR-kər

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

From an English occupational surname which meant "keeper of the park".

PEARL

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: PURL

From the English word pearl for the concretions formed in the shells of some mollusks, ultimately from Late Latin perla. Like other gemstone names, it has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the 19th century. The pearl is the birthstone for June, and it supposedly imparts health and wealth.

PERCIVAL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Arthurian Romance, English

Pronounced: PUR-si-vəl (English)

Rating: 100% based on 1 vote

Created by the 12th-century French poet Chrétien de Troyes for his poem 'Perceval, the Story of the Grail'. In the poem Perceval was one of King Arthur's Knights of the Round Table who was given a glimpse of the Holy Grail. The character (and probably the name) of Perceval was based on that of the Welsh hero PEREDUR. The spelling was perhaps altered under the influence of Old French percer val "to pierce the valley".

PHOEBE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Greek Mythology (Latinized), Biblical, Biblical Latin

Other Scripts: Φοιβη (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: FEE-bee (English)

Rating: 80% based on 2 votes

Latinized form of the Greek name Φοιβη (Phoibe), which meant "bright, pure" from Greek φοιβος (phoibos). In Greek mythology Phoibe was a Titan associated with the moon. This was also an epithet of her granddaughter, the moon goddess Artemis. The name appears in Paul's epistle to the Romans in the New Testament, where it belongs to a female minister in the church at Cenchreae. In England, it began to be used as a given name after the Protestant Reformation. A moon of Saturn bears this name (in honour of the Titan).

PIPER

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: PIEP-ər

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

From a surname which was originally given to a person who played on a pipe (a flute). It was popularized as a given name by a character from the television series 'Charmed', which debuted in 1998.

PRESTON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: PRES-tən

Rating: 10% based on 2 votes

From an English surname which was originally derived from a place name meaning "priest town" (Old English preost and tun).

PRIMROSE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Rare)

Pronounced: PRIM-roz

From the English word for the flower, ultimately deriving from Latin prima rosa "first rose".

RAFAEL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Spanish, Portuguese, German, Hungarian, Slovene, Macedonian

Other Scripts: Рафаел (Macedonian)

Pronounced: rah-fah-EL (Spanish), RAH-fah-el (German)

Rating: 50% based on 2 votes

Form of RAPHAEL

RAPHAEL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: German, French, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek

Other Scripts: רָפָאֵל, רְפָאֵל (Ancient Hebrew), Ραφαηλ (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: ra-fa-EL (French), RAF-ee-el (English), RAY-fee-əl (English)

Rating: 60% based on 2 votes

From the Hebrew name רָפָאֵל (Rafa'el) which meant "God has healed". In Hebrew tradition Raphael was the name of one of the seven archangels. He appears in the Old Testament in the Book of Tobit, where it is told how he aided Tobias. This name has never been common in the English-speaking world, though it has been well-used elsewhere in Europe. A famous bearer was the 16th-century Renaissance master Raphael Sanzio (usually known simply as Raphael).

REGINA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Italian, Polish, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Lithuanian, Late Roman

Pronounced: rə-JEEN-ə (English), rə-GEEN-ə (English), rə-JIEN-ə (English), re-JEE-nah (Italian), re-GEE-nah (Polish, German)

Late Latin name meaning "queen". It was in use as a Christian name from early times, and was borne by a 2nd-century saint. In England it was used during the Middle Ages in honour of the Virgin Mary, and it was later revived in the 19th century. A city in Canada bears this name, in honour of Queen Victoria.

REGINALD

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: REJ-i-nəld

Rating: 60% based on 2 votes

From Reginaldus, a Latinized form of REYNOLD

RILEY

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: RIE-lee

Personal note: My son's name

Rating: 35% based on 2 votes

From a surname which comes from two distinct sources. As an Irish surname it is a variant of REILLY. As an English surname it is derived from a place name meaning "rye clearing" in Old English.

RIVER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: RIV-ər

Rating: 30% based on 2 votes

From the English word that denotes a flowing body of water. The word is ultimately derived (via Old French) from Latin ripa "riverbank".

ROMAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Ukrainian, Slovene, Croatian, German

Other Scripts: Роман (Russian, Ukrainian)

Pronounced: rah-MAHN (Russian), RAW-mahn (Polish)

Rating: 25% based on 2 votes

From the Late Latin name Romanus which meant "Roman".

RÓNÁN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish

Pronounced: RON-awn

Rating: 55% based on 2 votes

Means "little seal", derived from Irish rón "seal" combined with a diminutive suffix.

ROSALIE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, German, English

Pronounced: ro-za-LEE (French), RO-zə-lee (English)

Rating: 30% based on 2 votes

French and German form of ROSALIA. In the English-speaking this name received a boost after the release of the movie 'Rosalie' (1938), which was based on an earlier musical.

ROSE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, French

Pronounced: ROZ

Rating: 50% based on 2 votes

Originally a Norman form of a Germanic name, which was composed of the elements hrod "fame" and heid "kind, sort, type". The Normans introduced it to England in the forms Roese and Rohese. From an early date it was associated with the word for the fragrant flower rose (derived from Latin rosa). When the name was revived in the 19th century, it was probably with the flower in mind.

RUTH (1)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Spanish, Biblical, Biblical Latin

Other Scripts: רוּת (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: ROOTH (English), ROOT (German)

Rating: 90% based on 1 vote

From a Hebrew name which was derived from the Hebrew word רְעוּת (re'ut) meaning "friend". This is the name of the central character in the Book of Ruth in the Old Testament, a Moabite woman who was the ancestor of King David. As a Christian name, Ruth has been in use since the Protestant Reformation. It became very popular in America following the birth of "Baby" Ruth Cleveland (1891-1904), the daughter of President Grover Cleveland.

SADIE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: SAY-dee

Diminutive of SARAH

SAGE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: SAYJ

Rating: 45% based on 2 votes

From the English word sage, which denotes either a type of spice or else a wise person.

SAWYER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: SOI-ər, SAW-yər

Rating: 65% based on 2 votes

From a surname meaning "sawer of wood" in Middle English. Mark Twain used it for the hero in his novel 'The Adventures of Tom Sawyer' (1876).

SCOTT

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Scottish

Pronounced: SKAHT

Rating: 60% based on 2 votes

From an English and Scottish surname which referred to a person from Scotland or a person who spoke Scottish Gaelic. It is derived from Latin Scoti meaning "Gaelic speaker", with the ultimately origin uncertain.

SHELBY

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: SHEL-bee

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

From a surname, which was possibly a variant of SELBY. Though previously in use as a rare masculine name, it was popularized as a feminine name by the main character in the movie 'The Woman in Red' (1935). It was later reinforced by the movie 'Steel Magnolias' (1989) in which Julia Roberts played a character by this name.

SHILOH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Biblical

Other Scripts: שִׁלוֹ, שִׁילֹה (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: SHIE-lo (English)

Rating: 25% based on 2 votes

From an Old Testament place name possibly meaning "tranquil" in Hebrew. It is also used prophetically in the Old Testament to refer to a person, often understood to be the Messiah (see Genesis 49:10). This may in fact be a mistranslation. This name was brought to public attention after Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie gave it to their daughter in 2006.

SIERRA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: see-ER-ə

Means "mountain range" in Spanish, referring specifically to a mountain range with jagged peaks.

SIMON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Hungarian, Slovene, Romanian, Macedonian, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek

Other Scripts: Симон (Macedonian), სიმონ (Georgian), Σιμων (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: SIE-mən (English), see-MAWN (French), ZEE-mawn (German), SEE-mawn (Dutch)

Rating: 55% based on 2 votes

From Σιμων (Simon), the New Testament Greek form of the Hebrew name שִׁמְעוֹן (Shim'on) which meant "he has heard". This was the name of several biblical characters, including the man who carried the cross for Jesus. However, the most important person of this name in the New Testament was the apostle Simon, also known as Peter (a name given to him by Jesus). Because of him, this name has been common in the Christian world. In England it was popular during the Middle Ages, though it became rarer after the Protestant Reformation.

SKYE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: SKIE

Rating: 15% based on 2 votes

From the name of the Isle of Skye off the west coast of Scotland. It is sometimes considered a variant of SKY.

STELLA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Italian

Pronounced: STEL-ə (English)

Rating: 35% based on 2 votes

Means "star" in Latin. This name was created by the 16th-century poet Sir Philip Sidney for the subject of his collection of sonnets 'Astrophel and Stella'. It was not commonly used as a given name until the 19th century. It appears in Tennessee Williams' play 'A Streetcar Named Desire' (1947), belonging to the sister of Blanche DuBois and the wife of Stanley Kowalski.

STELLAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Swedish

Rating: 45% based on 2 votes

Meaning unknown, perhaps related to Old Norse stilling "calm", or perhaps of German origin.

STERLING

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: STUR-ling

Rating: 0% based on 1 vote

From a Scottish surname which was derived from city of Stirling, which is itself of unknown meaning. The name can also be given in reference to the English word sterling meaning "excellent". In this case, the word derives from sterling silver, which was so named because of the emblem that some Norman coins bore, from Old English meaning "little star".

TIERNAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish

Rating: 60% based on 2 votes

Anglicized form of TIGHEARNÁN

TOBIAS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Biblical, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek

Other Scripts: Τωβιας (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: to-BEE-ahs (German), tə-BIE-əs (English)

Rating: 10% based on 2 votes

Greek form of TOBIAH. This is the name of the hero of the apocryphal Book of Tobit in many English versions of the Old Testament. It relates how Tobias, with the help of the archangel Raphael, is able to drive away a demon who has been plaguing Sarah, who subsequently becomes his wife. This story was popular in the Middle Ages, and the name came into occasional use in parts of Europe at that time. In England it became common after the Protestant Reformation.

TRENT

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: TRENT

Rating: 45% based on 2 votes

From a surname which originally denoted someone who lived by the River Trent in England. Trent is also a city in Italy, though the etymology is unrelated.

TRENTON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: TREN-tən

Rating: 45% based on 2 votes

From the name of a New Jersey city established in the 17th century by William Trent. It means "TRENT's town".

TREY

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: TRAY

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

From an English nickname meaning "three".

VALERIE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, German, Czech

Pronounced: VAL-ə-ree (English), VAH-le-ree (German)

Rating: 45% based on 2 votes

English and German form of VALERIA and Czech variant of VALÉRIE.

VAUGHN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh, English

Pronounced: VAWN

Rating: 0% based on 1 vote

From a Welsh surname which was derived from Welsh bychan meaning "little".

VERONICA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman

Pronounced: və-RAHN-i-kə (English)

Rating: 80% based on 2 votes

Latin alteration of BERENICE, the spelling influenced by the ecclesiastical Latin phrase vera icon meaning "true image". This was the name of a legendary saint who wiped Jesus' face with a towel and then found his image imprinted upon it. Due to popular stories about her, the name was occasionally used in the Christian world in the Middle Ages. It was borne by the 17th-century Italian saint and mystic Veronica Giuliani. As an English name, it was not common until the 19th century, when it was imported from France and Scotland.

VINCENT

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, French, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Slovak

Pronounced: VIN-sənt (English), ven-SAWN (French)

Rating: 90% based on 2 votes

From the Roman name Vincentius, which was from Latin vincere "to conquer". This name was popular among early Christians, and it was borne by many saints. As an English name, Vincent has been in use since the Middle Ages, though it did not become common until the 19th century. Famous bearers include the French priest Saint Vincent de Paul (1581-1660) and the post-impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890).

VIOLA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish

Pronounced: vie-O-lə (English), vee-O-lə (English), VIE-ə-lə (English), VYO-lah (Italian)

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

Means "violet" in Latin. This was the name of the heroine in Shakespeare's play 'Twelfth Night' (1602).

VIOLET

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: VIE-lət, VIE-ə-lət

From the English word violet for the purple flower, ultimately derived from Latin viola. It was common in Scotland from the 16th century, and it came into general use as an English given name during the 19th century.

VIVIAN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish

Pronounced: VIV-ee-ən (English)

From the Latin name Vivianus which was derived from Latin vivus "alive". Saint Vivian was a French bishop who provided protection during the Visigoth invasion of the 5th century. It has been occasionally used as an English (masculine) name since the Middle Ages. In modern times it is also used as a feminine name, in which case it is either an Anglicized form of BÉBINN or a variant of VIVIEN (2).

VIVIANA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Spanish, Late Roman

Pronounced: vee-vee-AH-nah (Italian)

Rating: 40% based on 2 votes

Feminine form of Vivianus (see VIVIAN). Saint Viviana (also known as Bibiana) was a Roman saint and martyr of the 4th century.

VIVIEN (1)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: French

French form of Vivianus (see VIVIAN).

VIVIENNE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French

French form of VIVIANA

WESLEY

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: WES-lee

Rating: 80% based on 2 votes

From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning "west meadow" in Old English. It has been sometimes given in honour of John Wesley (1703-1791), the founder of Methodism.

WESTON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: WES-tən

Rating: 20% based on 2 votes

From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning "west town" in Old English.

WILHELMINA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Dutch, German, Polish, English

Pronounced: vil-hel-MEE-nah (Dutch)

Dutch, German and Polish feminine form of WILHELM

WYATT

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: WIE-ət

Rating: 15% based on 2 votes

From an English surname which was derived from the medieval given name WYOT. Wyatt Earp (1848-1929) was an American lawman and gunfighter involved in the famous shootout at the OK Corral.

ZAIN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Arabic

Other Scripts: زين (Arabic)

Rating: 0% based on 2 votes

Variant transcription of ZAYN

ZANE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: ZAYN

Rating: 15% based on 2 votes

From an English surname of unknown meaning. It was introduced as a given name by American author Zane Grey (1872-1939). Zane was in fact his middle name - it had been his mother's maiden name.
Copyright © Mike Campbell 1996-2014.