rainbow_Maya's Personal Name List
Pronounced: AY-də (English), A-da (Polish), AH-dah (Finnish)
Short form of ADELAIDE
and other names beginning with the same sound. This name was borne by Augusta Ada King (1815-1852), the Countess of Lovelace (known as Ada Lovelace), a daughter of Lord Byron. She was an assistant to Charles Babbage, the inventor of an early mechanical computer.
Pronounced: AN-ə-bel (English)
Variant of AMABEL
influenced by the name ANNA
. This name appears to have arisen in Scotland in the Middle Ages.
Pronounced: AN-ee (English), A-NEE (French)
From Hungarian árpa meaning "barley". This was the name of a 9th-century Magyar ruler who led his people into Hungary. He is considered a Hungarian national hero.
Pronounced: AR-TE-MEES (Classical Greek), AHR-tə-mis (English)
Personal note: nn Arte
Meaning unknown, possibly related either to Greek αρτεμης (artemes)
"safe" or αρταμος (artamos)
"a butcher". Artemis was the Greek goddess of the moon and hunting, the twin of Apollo
and the daughter of Zeus
. She was known as Diana
to the Romans.
Pronounced: AHR-thər (English), AR-TUYR (French), AR-tuwr (German), AHR-tuyr (Dutch)
Personal note: nn Arty
The meaning of this name is unknown. It could be derived from the Celtic elements artos
"bear" combined with viros
"man" or rigos
"king". Alternatively it could be related to an obscure Roman family name Artorius
. Arthur is the name of the central character in Arthurian legend, a 6th-century king of the Britons who resisted Saxon invaders. He may or may not have been a real person. He first appears in Welsh poems and chronicles (some possibly as early as the 7th century) but his character was not developed until the chronicles of the 12th-century Geoffrey of Monmouth.
The name came into general use in England in the Middle Ages due to the prevalence of Arthurian romances, and it enjoyed a surge of popularity in the 19th century. Famous bearers include German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860), mystery author and Sherlock Holmes creator Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930), and science-fiction author Arthur C. Clarke (1917-2008).
Means "noble maiden" in Sindarin. In 'The Lord of the Rings' (1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Arwen was the daughter of Elrond
and the lover of Aragorn
Pronounced: AHS-tah (Swedish, Norwegian)
Pronounced: OW-guwst (German), OW-goost (Polish), AW-gəst (English)
German, Polish, Scandinavian and Catalan form of AUGUSTUS
Pronounced: be-A-triks (German), BE-a-triks (German), BE-aw-treeks (Hungarian), BAY-ah-triks (Dutch), BEE-ə-triks (English), BEE-triks (English)
Personal note: nns Bea, Trix
Probably from Viatrix
, a feminine form of the Late Latin name Viator
which meant "voyager, traveller". It was a common name amongst early Christians, and the spelling was altered by association with Latin beatus
"blessed, happy". Viatrix or Beatrix was a 4th-century saint
who was strangled to death during the persecutions of Diocletian.
In England the name became rare after the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century, more commonly in the spelling Beatrice. Famous bearers include the British author and illustrator Beatrix Potter (1866-1943), the creator of Peter Rabbit, and Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands (1938-).
Pronounced: BEN-jə-min (English), BEN-ZHA-MEN (French), BEN-ya-meen (German)
From the Hebrew name בִּןְיָמִין (Binyamin)
which means "son of the south" or "son of the right hand", from the roots בֵּן (ben)
meaning "son" and יָמִין (yamin)
meaning "right hand, south". Benjamin in the Old Testament
is the twelfth and youngest son of Jacob
and the founder of one of the southern tribes of the Hebrews. He was originally named בֶּן־אוֹנִי (Ben-'oni)
meaning "son of my sorrow" by his mother Rachel
, who died shortly after childbirth, but it was later changed by his father (see Genesis 35:18).
As an English name, Benjamin came into general use after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer was Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), an American statesman, inventor, scientist and philosopher.
Pronounced: bər-NAHRD (American English), BU-nəd (British English), BER-NAR (French), BER-nahrt (Dutch), BER-nart (Polish, Croatian)
Derived from the Germanic element bern
"bear" combined with hard
"brave, hardy". The Normans
brought it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Beornheard
. This was the name of several saints
, including Saint Bernard of Menthon who built hospices in the Swiss Alps in the 10th century, and Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, a 12th-century theologian and Doctor of the Church. Other famous bearers include the Irish playwright and essayist George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) and the British World War II field marshal Bernard Montgomery (1887-1976).
Pronounced: KAHR-ə, KER-ə
Personal note: also Kara
From an Italian word meaning "beloved". It has been used as a given name since the 19th century, though it did not become popular until after the 1950s.
Personal note: nn Carla
Personal note: also Cerys
Derived from Welsh caru meaning "love". This is a relatively modern Welsh name, in common use only since the middle of the 20th century.
Pronounced: ka-TREE-na, ka-TREE-o-na
Pronounced: KLER-ə-bel, KLAR-ə-bel
Combination of CLARA
and the popular name suffix bel
. This name was used by Edmund Spenser in his poem 'The Faerie Queene' (in the form Claribell
) and by Shakespeare
in his play 'The Tempest' (1611). Alfred Lord Tennyson also wrote a poem entitled 'Claribel' (1830).
Pronounced: KLO-vis (English), KLAW-VEES (French)
Shortened form of Clodovicus
, a Latinized form of Chlodovech
). Clovis was a Frankish king who united France under his rule in the 5th century.
From the name of the spice, also called cilantro, which may ultimately be of Phoenician origin (via Latin and Greek).
Italian feminine form of COSIMO
Pronounced: DUL-an (Welsh), DIL-ən (English)
From the Welsh elements dy
meaning "great" and llanw
meaning "tide, flow". In Welsh mythology
Dylan was a god or hero associated with the sea. He was the son of Arianrhod
and was accidentally slain by his uncle Govannon
Famous bearers include the Welsh poet Dylan Thomas (1914-1953) and the American musician Bob Dylan (1941-), real name Robert Zimmerman, who took his stage surname from the poet's given name. Due to those two bearers, use of the name has spread outside of Wales in the last half of the 20th century. It received a further boost in popularity in the 1990s due to a character on the television series 'Beverly Hills 90210'.
Possibly a Spanish variant form of ALBA (3)
Pronounced: EL-sə (English), EL-za (German), EL-sah (Finnish)
Usage: English, French, Italian, Spanish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Dutch, German, Ancient Germanic
Pronounced: EM-ə (English), E-MA (French), EM-mah (Finnish), E-ma (German)
Originally a short form of Germanic
names that began with the element ermen
meaning "whole" or "universal". It was introduced to England by Emma of Normandy, who was the wife both of King Ethelred II (and by him the mother of Edward the Confessor) and later of King Canute. It was also borne by an 11th-century Austrian saint
, who is sometimes called Hemma
After the Norman conquest this name became common in England. It was revived in the 18th century, perhaps in part due to Matthew Prior's poem 'Henry and Emma' (1709). It was also used by Jane Austen for the central character, the matchmaker Emma Woodhouse, in her novel 'Emma' (1816).
Personal note: nn Finn
Pronounced: FIN-tan (Irish)
Personal note: nn Finn
Possibly means either "white fire" or "white bull" in Irish. According to legend this was the name of the only Irish person to survive the great flood. This name was also borne by many Irish saints
Feminine form of FIONN
. This name was (first?) used by Scottish poet James Macpherson in his poem 'Fingal' (1762).
Personal note: nn for Floss
Gender: Feminine & Masculine
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Floinn
meaning "descendant of FLANN
Pronounced: FRAN-sis (English), FRAHN-SEES (French)
English form of the Late Latin name Franciscus
which meant "Frenchman", ultimately from the Germanic
tribe of the Franks, who were named for a type of spear that they used. This name was borne by the 13th-century Saint
Francis of Assisi, who was originally named Giovanni but was given the nickname Francesco by his father, an admirer of the French. Francis went on to renounce his father's wealth and devote his life to the poor, founding the Franciscan order of friars. Later in his life he apparently received the stigmata.
Due to the renown of the saint, this name became widespread in Western Europe during the Middle Ages. However, it was not regularly used in Britain until the 16th century. Famous bearers include Saint Francis Xavier (1506-1552), a missionary to East Asia, the philosopher and scientist Francis Bacon (1561-1626), and the explorer and admiral Sir Francis Drake (1540-1595). In the English-speaking world this name is occasionally used for girls.
Pronounced: FRED-ə-rik, FRED-rik
English form of a Germanic
name meaning "peaceful ruler", derived from frid
"peace" and ric
"ruler, power". This name has long been common in continental Germanic-speaking regions, being borne by rulers of the Holy Roman Empire, Germany, Austria, Scandinavia, and Prussia. Notables among these rulers include the 12th-century Holy Roman emperor and crusader Frederick I Barbarossa, the 13th-century emperor and patron of the arts Frederick II, and the 18th-century Frederick II of Prussia, known as Frederick the Great.
The Normans brought the name to England in the 11th century but it quickly died out. It was reintroduced by the German House of Hanover when they inherited the British throne in the 18th century. A famous bearer was Frederick Douglass (1818-1895), an American ex-slave who became a leading advocate of abolition.
Pronounced: FREE-da (German), FREE-də (English)
Other Scripts: Γαια (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: GIE-A (Classical Greek), GIE-ə (English), GAY-ə (English), GA-ya (Italian)
From the Greek word γαια (gaia)
, a parallel form of γη (ge)
meaning "earth". In Greek mythology
Gaia was the mother goddess who presided over the earth. She was the mate of Uranus
and the mother of the Titans and the Cyclopes.
Other Scripts: גִּלְעָד (Ancient Hebrew)
From an Old Testament
place name meaning "heap of witness" in Hebrew. This was a mountainous region east of the Jordan River. Besides being a place name, it is also borne by people in the Bible.
Pronounced: GRAW-nyə (Irish)
Personal note: Grania, Gronia?
Possibly derived from Gaelic grán
meaning "grain". This was the name of an ancient Irish grain goddess. The name also belonged to the fiancée of Fionn
mac Cumhail and the lover of Diarmaid
in later Irish legend, and it is often associated with gráidh
Pronounced: HA-na (German), HAN-nah (Danish), HAHN-nah (Finnish), HAWN-naw (Hungarian)
Pronounced: HAR-is, HER-is
From a surname which was derived from the given name HARRY
Pronounced: hen-ree-ET-ə (English), HEN-ree-et-taw (Hungarian), HEN-ree-et-tah (Finnish)
Personal note: nn Etta
Latinate form of HENRIETTE
. It was introduced to England by Henriette Marie, the wife of the 17th-century English king Charles I. The name Henriette
was also Anglicized as Harriet
, a form which was initially more popular.
Personal note: also Hetty, Hattie & Hatty, nn for ???
Other Scripts: इला (Hindi)
Pronounced: yo-HA-na (German), yo-HAHN-nah (Danish, Dutch), YO-hahn-nah (Finnish)
Latinate form of Ioanna
Icelandic feminine form of JOHN
Other Scripts: Јован (Serbian, Macedonian)
Serbian and Macedonian form of JOHN
Pronounced: JOO-lee-ən (English), JOOL-yən (English), YOO-lyan (Polish, German)
Personal note: nn Juls
From the Roman name Iulianus
, which was derived from JULIUS
. This was the name of the last pagan Roman emperor, Julian the Apostate (4th century). It was also borne by several early saints
, including the legendary Saint Julian the Hospitaller. This name has been used in England since the Middle Ages, at which time it was also a feminine name (from Juliana
, eventually becoming Gillian
Personal note: nn Joon
From the English word for the type of tree, derived ultimately from Latin iuniperus.
Personal note: nn Kez
Other Scripts: Лана (Russian, Serbian)
Pronounced: LAH-nə (English)
Short form of ALANA
(English) or SVETLANA
(Russian). In the English-speaking world, it was popularized by actress Lana Turner (1921-1995).
Gender: Feminine & Masculine
Personal note: nn Lark
Derived from Greek λεων (leon)
meaning "lion" combined with the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides)
. Leonidas was a Spartan king of the 5th century BC who sacrificed his life and his army defending the pass of Thermopylae from the Persians. This was also the name of a 3rd-century saint
and martyr, the father of Origen, from Alexandria.
Personal note: also Lilias and Lillias
Pronounced: LIL-ith (English)
Derived from Akkadian lilitu
meaning "of the night". This was the name of a demon in ancient Assyrian myths. In Jewish tradition she was Adam
's first wife, sent out of Eden and replaced by Eve
because she would not submit to him. The offspring of Adam (or Samael
) and Lilith were the evil spirits of the world.
Pronounced: LIL-yah (Icelandic), LEEL-yah (Finnish)
Personal note: nn for Lileas and Lilith
From the name of a flower, also known as the twinflower. The Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus named it after himself, it being his favourite flower.
Other Scripts: Λινος (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: LIE-nəs (English), LEE-nuws (German, Swedish)
From the Greek name Λινος (Linos)
meaning "flax". In Greek legend he was the son of the god Apollo
, who accidentally killed him in a contest. Another son of Apollo by this name was the music teacher of Herakles
. The name was also borne by the second pope, serving after Saint Peter
in the 1st century. In modern times this was the name of a character in Charles Schulz's comic strip 'Peanuts'.
From the Germanic
, which was composed of the elements hlud
"famous" and wig
"war, battle". This was the name of three Merovingian kings of the Franks (though their names are usually spelled in the Latinized form Clovis
) as well as several Carolingian kings and Holy Roman emperors (names often spelled in the French form Louis
). Other famous bearers include the German composer Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) and the Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951), who contributed to logic and the philosophy of language.
Medieval feminine form of AMABILIS
. This spelling and Amabel
were common during the Middle Ages, though they became rare after the 15th century. It was revived in the 19th century after the publication of C. M. Yonge's novel 'The Heir of Redclyffe' (1854), which featured a character named Mabel (as well as one named Amabel).
Personal note: nn for ???
Pronounced: mə-TIL-də (English, Swedish)
Personal note: also Matilda, nns Tilly and Tilda
Pronounced: MUR-lin (English)
Form of the Welsh name Myrddin
(meaning "sea fortress") used by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his 12th-century Arthurian tales. Writing in Latin, he likely chose the form Merlinus
in order to prevent associations with French merde
Geoffrey based parts of Merlin's character on Myrddin Wyllt, a semi-legendary madman and prophet who lived in the Caledonian Forest. Other parts of his life were based on that of the historical 5th-century Romano-British military leader Ambrosius Aurelianus. In Geoffrey's version of the tales and later embellishments Merlin is a wizard and counselor for King Arthur.
Personal note: nn for ???
Personal note: also Milly, nn for ???
Pronounced: MI-na (German), MEEN-nah (Finnish)
Other Scripts: منى (Arabic)
Means "wishes, desires", from the plural of Arabic منية (munyah)
Other Scripts: נִםְרֹד (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: NIM-rahd (English)
Meaning unknown, possibly of Akkadian origin or possibly meaning "rebel" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament
Nimrod is a renowned hunter, the great-grandson of Noah
. He was the founder of Babylon.
Due to the biblical character, this name was adopted as an English-language vocabulary word meaning "hunter". In American English it acquired a further meaning of "fool", after the oafish cartoon character Elmer Fudd (a hunter) was called such by Bugs Bunny.
Pronounced: NIM-oo-ay (English)
Meaning unknown. In Arthurian legends this is the name of a sorceress, also known as the Lady of the Lake, Vivien, or Niniane. Various versions of the tales have Merlin
falling in love with her and becoming imprisoned by her magic. She first appears in the medieval French 'Lancelot-Grail' cycle.
Meaning unknown. It appears in a Latinized form Niniavus
, which could be from the Welsh name NYNNIAW
. This was the name of a 5th-century British saint
who was apparently responsible for many miracles and cures. He is known as the Apostle to the Picts.
From an English surname which was derived from the medieval given name Ode
, a cognate
. In America it has been used in honour of the revolutionary James Otis (1725-1783).
Pronounced: AH-vid (English)
From the Roman family name Ovidius
, which was possibly derived from Latin ovis
"a sheep". Alternatively, it could have a Sabellic origin. Publius Ovidius Naso, better known as Ovid, was a 1st-century BC Roman poet who often wrote on the subjects of love and mythology
. He was sent into exile by Emperor Augustus for no apparent reason.
Other Scripts: Παν (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: PAN (Classical Greek, English)
Derived from a Greek word meaning "shepherd". In Greek mythology
Pan was a half-man, half-goat god associated with shepherds, flocks and pastures.
Pronounced: pi-NIN-ə (English), pee-NIN-ə (English)
Personal note: nn Ninna
Means "precious stone, pearl" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament
this is the name of one of the wives of Elkanah
, the other being Hannah
Derived from Latin perditus
meaning "lost". Shakespeare
created this name for the daughter of Hermione in his play 'The Winter's Tale' (1610).
Personal note: nn Pip
Pronounced: FI-li-pə (English)
Personal note: nn Pippa
Latinate feminine form of PHILIP
Pronounced: FIN-ee-əs (English)
Variant of PHINEHAS
used in some versions of the Bible.
Other Scripts: Φοιβη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: FEE-bee (English)
Latinized form of the Greek name Φοιβη (Phoibe)
, which meant "bright, pure" from Greek φοιβος (phoibos)
. In Greek mythology
Phoibe was a Titan associated with the moon. This was also an epithet of her granddaughter, the moon goddess Artemis
. The name appears in Paul
's epistle to the Romans in the New Testament
, where it belongs to a female minister in the church at Cenchreae. In England, it began to be used as a given name after the Protestant Reformation
. A moon of Saturn bears this name (in honour of the Titan).
Other Scripts: Φυλλις (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: FIL-is (English)
Personal note: nn Phil
Means "foliage" in Greek. In Greek mythology
this was the name of a woman who killed herself out of love for Demophon and was subsequently transformed into an almond tree. It began to be used as a given name in England in the 16th century, though it was often confused with Felicia
Personal note: meaning "Kern", meaning "Ena"
. This was the name of the main character in 'Great Expectations' (1860) by Charles Dickens.
Personal note: nn Pip
Pronounced: KAHN-TEN (French), KWEN-tin (English)
French form of the Roman name QUINTINUS
. It was borne by a 3rd-century saint
, a missionary who was martyred in Gaul. The Normans
introduced this name to England. In America it was brought to public attention by president Theodore Roosevelt's son Quentin Roosevelt (1897-1918), who was killed in World War I.
Pronounced: RAHS-moos (Danish, Swedish, Norwegian)
Scandinavian, Finnish and Estonian form of ERASMUS
Pronounced: rə-BUR-tə (English), ro-BER-ta (Italian, Spanish)
Invented by Swedish children's author Astrid Lindgren, who based it on the middle portion of Juronjaure, the name of a lake in Sweden. Lindgren used it in her book 'Ronia the Robber's Daughter' (Ronia is the English translation).
Other Scripts: רוּת (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: ROOTH (English), ROOT (German)
From a Hebrew name which was derived from the Hebrew word רְעוּת (re'ut)
meaning "friend". This is the name of the central character in the Book of Ruth in the Old Testament
. She was a Moabite woman who accompanied her mother-in-law Naomi
back to Bethlehem after Ruth's husband died. There she met and married Boaz
. She was an ancestor of King David
As a Christian name, Ruth has been in use since the Protestant Reformation. It became very popular in America following the birth of "Baby" Ruth Cleveland (1891-1904), the daughter of President Grover Cleveland.
From the English word sage, which denotes either a type of spice or else a wise person.
Other Scripts: سعيدة (Arabic)
Pronounced: shə-HER-ə-zahd (English)
From a surname which was originally derived from an Old English
given name, which was formed of the elements sele
"manor" and wine
Gender: Feminine & Masculine
Traditional name for the moon, it literally means "having a hare" in Sanskrit
. This is a transcription
of both the masculine form शशि
and the feminine form शशी
Other Scripts: Σιλας (Greek)
Pronounced: SIE-ləs (English)
Probably a short form of SILVANUS
. This is the name of a companion of Saint Paul
in the New Testament
. Paul refers to him as Silvanus
in his epistles, though it is possible that Silas
was in fact a Greek form of the Hebrew name SAUL
As an English name it was not used until after the Protestant Reformation. It was utilized by George Eliot for the title character in her novel 'Silas Marner' (1861).
Pronounced: STEL-ə (English)
Means "star" in Latin. This name was created by the 16th-century poet Sir Philip Sidney for the subject of his collection of sonnets 'Astrophel and Stella'. It was a nickname of a lover of Jonathan Swift, real name Esther Johnson (1681-1728), though it was not commonly used as a given name until the 19th century. It appears in Tennessee Williams' play 'A Streetcar Named Desire' (1947), belonging to the sister of Blanche DuBois and the wife of Stanley Kowalski.
From a Scottish surname which was derived from city of Stirling, which is itself of unknown meaning. The name can also be given in reference to the English word sterling
meaning "excellent". In this case, the word derives from sterling silver, which was so named because of the emblem that some Norman coins bore, from Old English
meaning "little star".
Scandinavian short form of CHRISTINA
and other names ending in stina
From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Súilleabháin meaning "descendant of Súilleabhán". The name Súilleabhán means "little dark eye" in Irish.
Pronounced: tal-ee-ES-in (Welsh)
Personal note: nn Tali
Means "shining brow", derived from Welsh tal
"brow" and iesin
"shining". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh poet and bard. In later Welsh legends he is portrayed as a wizard and prophet, or as a companion of King Arthur
Derived from Semitic roots meaning "serpent lady". This was the name of the Phoenician goddess of love, fertility, the moon and the stars.
Other Scripts: तारा (Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali)
Means "star" in Sanskrit
. Tara is the name of a Hindu astral goddess, the wife of Brhaspati. She was abducted by Soma, a god of the moon, leading to a great war that was only ended when Brahma
intervened and released her. This is also the name of a Buddhist deity (a female Buddha).
From a surname which was originally derived from a place name meaning "Tata's homestead" in Old English
Pronounced: TE-a (German), THEE-ə (English)
From the Greek name Θεοδωρος (Theodoros)
, which meant "gift of god" from Greek θεος (theos)
"god" and δωρον (doron)
"gift". The name Dorothea
is derived from the same roots in reverse order. This was the name of several saints
, including Theodore of Amasea, a 4th-century Greek soldier; Theodore of Tarsus, a 7th-century archbishop of Canterbury; and Theodore the Studite, a 9th-century Byzantine monk. It was also borne by two popes.
This was a common name in classical Greece, and, due to both the saints who carried it and the favourable meaning, it came into general use in the Christian world, being especially popular among Eastern Christians. It was however rare in Britain before the 19th century. Famous bearers include three tsars of Russia (in the Russian form Fyodor) and American president Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919).
Pronounced: TRIS-tən (English), TREES-TAHN (French)
Old French form of the Pictish name Drustan
, a diminutive
. The spelling was altered by association with Latin tristis
"sad". Tristan is a character in medieval French tales, probably inspired by older Celtic legends, and ultimately merged into Arthurian legend. According to the story Tristan was sent to Ireland in order to fetch Isolde
, who was to be the bride of King Mark of Cornwall. On the way back, Tristan and Isolde accidentally drink a potion which makes them fall in love. Their tragic story was very popular in the Middle Ages, and the name has occasionally been used since that time.
Pronounced: zak-ə-RIE-əs (English), za-kha-REE-as (Late Greek)
Greek form of ZECHARIAH
. This form of the name is used in most English versions of the New Testament
to refer to the father of John
the Baptist. It was also borne by an 8th-century pope (called Zachary
Pronounced: ZAK-ə-ree (English)
Personal note: nn Zack
Copyright © Mike Campbell 1996-2017.
Usual English form of ZACHARIAS
, used in some English versions of the New Testament
. This form has been in use since the Middle Ages, though it did not become common until after the Protestant Reformation
. It was borne by American military commander and president Zachary Taylor (1784-1850).