Clippy's Personal Name List

AARON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: אַהֲרֹן (Hebrew), Ααρων (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: ER-ən (English), AR-ən (English)
Rating: 50% based on 5 votes
From the Hebrew name אַהֲרֹן ('Aharon) which is most likely of unknown Egyptian origin. Other theories claim a Hebrew derivation, and suggest meanings such as "high mountain" or "exalted". In the Old Testament this name is borne by the older brother of Moses. He acted as a spokesman for his brother when they appealed to the pharaoh to release the Israelites from slavery. Aaron's rod produced miracles and plagues to intimidate the pharaoh. After the departure from Egypt and arrival at Mount Sinai, God installed Aaron as the first high priest of the Israelites and promised that his descendants would form the priesthood.

As an English name, Aaron has been in use since the Protestant Reformation. This name was borne by the American politician Aaron Burr (1756-1836), notable for killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel.

ABIGAIL
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, German, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: אֲבִיגַיִל (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: AB-ə-gayl (English), A-bee-giel (German)
Rating: 55% based on 6 votes
From the Hebrew name אֲבִיגָיִל ('Avigayil) meaning "my father is joy". In the Old Testament this is the name of Nabal's wife. After Nabal's death she became the third wife of King David.

As an English name, Abigail first became common after the Protestant Reformation, and it was popular among the Puritans. The biblical Abigil refers to herself as a servant, and beginning in the 17th century the name became a slang term for a servant, especially after the release of the play 'The Scornful Lady' (1616) which featured a character named Abigail. The name went out of fashion at that point, but it was revived in the 20th century.

ABRAHAM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Hebrew, Spanish, French, Dutch, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: אַבְרָהָם (Hebrew)
Pronounced: AY-brə-ham (English), A-BRA-AM (French), AH-brah-hahm (Dutch), A-bra-ham (German)
Rating: 67% based on 7 votes
This name may be viewed either as meaning "father of many" in Hebrew or else as a contraction of ABRAM (1) and הָמוֹן (hamon) "many, multitude". The biblical patriarch Abraham was originally named Abram but God changed his name (see Genesis 17:5). With his father Terah, he led his wife Sarah, his nephew Lot and their other followers from Ur into Canaan. He is regarded by Jews as being the founder of the Hebrews through his son Isaac and by Muslims as being the founder of the Arabs through his son Ishmael.

As an English Christian name, Abraham became common after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer was the American president Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), who pushed to abolish slavery and led the country through the Civil War.

ABRAM (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Biblical
Other Scripts: אַבְרָם (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: AY-brəm (English)
Rating: 56% based on 5 votes
Means "high father" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament God changed Abram's name to Abraham (see Genesis 17:5).

ACHILLES
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Αχιλλευς (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: ə-KIL-eez (English), a-KEEL-les (Classical Latin)
Rating: 53% based on 4 votes
From the Greek Αχιλλευς (Achilleus) which is of unknown meaning, perhaps derived from Greek αχος (achos) "pain" or else from the name of the Achelous River. This was the name of a warrior in Greek legend, one of the central characters in Homer's 'Iliad'. The bravest of the Greek heroes in the war against the Trojans, he was eventually killed by an arrow to his heel, the only vulnerable part of his body.

ADDISON
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AD-ə-sən
Rating: 37% based on 7 votes
From an English surname meaning "son of ADAM". Its recent popularity as a feminine name stems from its similarity in sound to Madison.

ADELAIDE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Italian, Portuguese
Pronounced: A-də-layd (English), a-de-LIE-de (Italian), ə-də-LIED (Portuguese)
Rating: 91% based on 7 votes
From the French form of the Germanic name Adalheidis, which was composed of the elements adal "noble" and heid "kind, sort, type". It was borne in the 10th century by Saint Adelaide, the wife of the Holy Roman Emperor Otto the Great. The name became common in Britain in the 19th century due to the popularity of the German-born wife of King William IV, for whom the city of Adelaide in Australia was named in 1836.

AGAMEMNON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: Αγαμεμνων (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: A-GA-MEM-NAWN (Classical Greek), ag-ə-MEM-nawn (English)
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
Possibly meaning "very steadfast" in Greek. In Greek mythology he was the brother of Menelaus. He led the Greek expedition to Troy to recover his brother's wife Helen. After the Trojan War Agamemnon was killed by his wife Clytemnestra.

AGATHA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Αγαθη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: AG-ə-thə (English)
Rating: 60% based on 7 votes
Latinized form of the Greek name Αγαθη (Agathe), derived from Greek αγαθος (agathos) meaning "good". Saint Agatha was a 3rd-century martyr from Sicily who was tortured and killed after spurning the advances of a Roman official. The saint was widely revered in the Middle Ages, and her name has been used throughout Christian Europe (in various spellings). The mystery writer Agatha Christie (1890-1976) was a famous modern bearer of this name.

AGNES
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Other Scripts: ‘Αγνη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: AG-nis (English), AK-nəs (German), AHKH-nəs (Dutch), AHNG-nes (Swedish)
Rating: 58% based on 6 votes
Latinized form of the Greek name ‘Αγνη (Hagne), derived from Greek ‘αγνος (hagnos) meaning "chaste". Saint Agnes was a virgin martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian. The name became associated with Latin agnus "lamb", resulting in the saint's frequent depiction with a lamb by her side. Due to her renown, the name became common in Christian Europe, being especially popular in England in the Middle Ages.

ALECTO
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Αληκτω (Ancient Greek)
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
Latinized form of Greek Αληκτω (Alekto) which was derived from αληκτος (alektos) "unceasing". This was the name of one of the Furies or Ερινυες (Erinyes) in Greek mythology.

ALEXANDER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Hungarian, Slovak, Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Αλεξανδρος (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: a-lig-ZAN-dər (English), a-le-KSAN-du (German), ah-lək-SAHN-dər (Dutch), AW-lek-sawn-der (Hungarian)
Rating: 85% based on 8 votes
Latinized form of the Greek name Αλεξανδρος (Alexandros), which meant "defending men" from Greek αλεξω (alexo) "to defend, help" and ανηρ (aner) "man" (genitive ανδρος). In Greek mythology this was another name of the hero Paris, and it also belongs to several characters in the New Testament. However, the most famous bearer was Alexander the Great, King of Macedon. In the 4th century BC he built a huge empire out of Greece, Egypt, Persia, and parts of India. Due to his fame, and later medieval tales involving him, use of his name spread throughout Europe.

The name has been used by kings of Scotland, Poland and Yugoslavia, emperors of Russia, and eight popes. Other notable bearers include English poet Alexander Pope (1688-1744), American statesman Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804), Scottish-Canadian explorer Sir Alexander MacKenzie (1764-1820), Russian poet Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837), and Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922), the Scottish-Canadian-American inventor of the telephone.

ALFIE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AL-fee
Rating: 52% based on 6 votes
Diminutive of ALFRED.

ALGERNON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AL-jər-nahn
Rating: 48% based on 5 votes
Originally a Norman French nickname, derived from aux gernons "having a moustache", which was applied to William de Percy, a companion of William the Conqueror. It was first used a given name in the 15th century (for a descendant of William de Percy).

ALICE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, French, Portuguese, Italian
Pronounced: AL-is (English), A-LEES (French), a-LEE-che (Italian)
Rating: 80% based on 5 votes
From the Old French name Aalis, a short form of Adelais, itself a short form of the Germanic name Adalheidis (see ADELAIDE). This name became popular in France and England in the 12th century. It was borne by the heroine of Lewis Carroll's 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' (1865) and 'Through the Looking Glass' (1871).

ALIX
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French
Pronounced: A-LEEKS
Rating: 44% based on 5 votes
Medieval French variant of ALICE.

AMIR (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Malay, Indonesian
Other Scripts: أمير (Arabic), امیر (Persian, Urdu)
Rating: 50% based on 5 votes
Means "commander, prince" in Arabic. This was originally a title, which has come into English as the Arabic loanword emir.

ANTIGONE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: Αντιγονη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: an-TIG-ə-nee (English)
Rating: 42% based on 6 votes
Derived from Greek αντι (anti) "against, compared to, like" and γονη (gone) "birth, offspring". In Greek legend Antigone was the daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta. King Creon of Thebes declared that her slain brother Polynices was to remain unburied, a great dishonour. She disobeyed and gave him a proper burial, and for this she was sealed alive in a cave.

APOLLINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French
Pronounced: A-PAW-LEEN
Rating: 40% based on 5 votes
French form of APOLLONIA.

APOLLO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Απολλων (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: ə-PAW-lo (English)
Rating: 52% based on 5 votes
From Greek Απολλων (Apollon), which is of unknown meaning, though perhaps related to Indo-European *apelo "strength". Another theory states that Apollo can be equated with Appaliunas, an Anatolian god whose name possibly means "father lion" or "father light". The Greeks later associated Apollo's name with the Greek verb απολλυμι (apollymi) meaning "to destroy". In Greek mythology Apollo was the son of Zeus and Leto and the twin of Artemis. He was the god of prophecy, medicine, music, art, law, beauty, and wisdom. Later he also became the god of the sun and light.

APRIL
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AY-prəl
Rating: 50% based on 6 votes
From the name of the month, probably originally derived from Latin aperire "to open", referring to the opening of flowers. It has only been commonly used as a given name since the 1940s.

ARAMINTA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Rating: 42% based on 5 votes
Meaning unknown. This name was (first?) used by William Congreve in his comedy 'The Old Bachelor' (1693) and later by Sir John Vanbrugh in his comedy 'The Confederacy' (1705). This was the real name of abolitionist Harriet Tubman (1820-1913), who was born Araminta Ross.

ARCHIE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Scottish, English
Pronounced: AHR-chee
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
Diminutive of ARCHIBALD. This name is borne by Archie Andrews, an American comic-book character created in 1941.

ARGYROS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Αργυρος (Ancient Greek)
Means "silver" in Greek.

ARTHUR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Welsh Mythology, Arthurian Romance
Pronounced: AHR-thər (English), AR-TUYR (French), AR-tuwr (German), AHR-tuyr (Dutch)
Rating: 74% based on 5 votes
The meaning of this name is unknown. It could be derived from the Celtic elements artos "bear" combined with viros "man" or rigos "king". Alternatively it could be related to an obscure Roman family name Artorius. Arthur is the name of the central character in Arthurian legend, a 6th-century king of the Britons who resisted Saxon invaders. He may or may not have been a real person. He first appears in Welsh poems and chronicles (some possibly as early as the 7th century) but his character was not developed until the chronicles of the 12th-century Geoffrey of Monmouth.

The name came into general use in England in the Middle Ages due to the prevalence of Arthurian romances, and it enjoyed a surge of popularity in the 19th century. Famous bearers include German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860), mystery author and Sherlock Holmes creator Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930), and science-fiction author Arthur C. Clarke (1917-2008).

ASA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: אָסָא (Hebrew)
Pronounced: AY-sə (English)
Rating: 62% based on 5 votes
Possibly means "healer" in Hebrew. This name was borne by the third king of Judah, as told in the Old Testament.

ASHLEY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: ASH-lee
Rating: 61% based on 7 votes
From an English surname which was originally derived from place names meaning "ash tree clearing", from a combination of Old English æsc and leah. Until the 1960s it was more commonly given to boys in the United States, but it is now most often used on girls.

ASTRID
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, French
Pronounced: AH-strid (Swedish), AH-stree (Norwegian), AS-trit (German), AS-TREED (French)
Rating: 71% based on 7 votes
Modern form of ÁSTRÍÐR. This name was borne by the Swedish writer Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002), the author of 'Pippi Longstocking'.

ATTICUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Literature
Rating: 66% based on 7 votes
From a Roman name meaning "from Attica" in Latin. Attica is the region surrounding Athens in Greece. The author Harper Lee used this name in her novel 'To Kill a Mockingbird' (1960).

AUBREY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AW-bree
Rating: 48% based on 5 votes
Norman French form of the Germanic name ALBERICH. As an English masculine name it was common in the Middle Ages, and was revived in the 19th century. Since the mid-1970s it has more frequently been given to girls, due to Bread's 1972 song 'Aubrey' along with its similarity to the established feminine name Audrey.

AUDREY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AW-dree
Rating: 70% based on 5 votes
Medieval diminutive of ÆÐELÞRYÐ. This was the name of a 7th-century saint, a princess of East Anglia who founded a monastery at Ely. It was also borne by a character in Shakespeare's comedy 'As You Like It' (1599). At the end of the Middle Ages the name became rare due to association with the word tawdry (which was derived from St. Audrey, the name of a fair where cheap lace was sold), but it was revived in the 19th century. A famous bearer was British actress Audrey Hepburn (1929-1993).

AUGUST
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, Polish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Catalan, English
Pronounced: OW-guwst (German), OW-goost (Polish), AW-gəst (English)
Rating: 94% based on 5 votes
German, Polish, Scandinavian and Catalan form of AUGUSTUS.

AUGUSTINE (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AW-gə-steen, aw-GUS-tin
Rating: 55% based on 6 votes
From the Roman name Augustinus, itself derived from the Roman name AUGUSTUS. Saint Augustine of Hippo was a 5th-century Christian theologian and author from North Africa. For his contributions to Christian philosophy he is known as a Doctor of the Church. Due to his renown, the name came into general use in the Christian world. It became popular in England in the Middle Ages partly because of a second saint by this name, Augustine of Canterbury, a 6th-century Italian monk sent to England to convert the Anglo-Saxons.

AUSTEN
Gender: Masculine & Feminine
Usage: English (Modern)
Pronounced: AWS-tən
Rating: 68% based on 6 votes
Variant of AUSTIN.

AUTUMN
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AW-təm
Rating: 54% based on 5 votes
From the name of the season, ultimately from Latin autumnus. This name has been in general use since the 1960s.

AVIVA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: אֲבִיבָה (Hebrew)
Pronounced: ah-VEEV-ah
Rating: 55% based on 4 votes
Feminine variant of AVIV.

BALTHAZAR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Judeo-Christian Legend
Rating: 63% based on 4 votes
Variant of BELSHAZZAR. Baltazar is the name traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who visited the newborn Jesus.

BARACK
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Arabic
Other Scripts: باراك (Arabic)
Rating: 52% based on 5 votes
Variant transcription of BARAK (2).

BARNABY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Archaic)
Pronounced: BAHR-nə-bee
Rating: 38% based on 5 votes
Medieval English form of BARNABAS.

BARNEY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: BAHR-nee
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
Diminutive of BARNABAS, BERNARD or BARNABY.

BASIL (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: BAZ-əl
Rating: 40% based on 4 votes
From the Greek name Βασιλειος (Basileios) which was derived from βασιλευς (basileus) meaning "king". Saint Basil the Great was a 4th-century bishop of Caesarea and one of the fathers of the early Christian church. Due to him, the name (in various spellings) has come into general use in the Christian world, being especially popular among Eastern Christians. It was also borne by two Byzantine emperors.

BATHSHEBA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: בַּת־שֶׁבַע (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: bath-SHEE-bə (English)
Rating: 52% based on 5 votes
Means "daughter of the oath" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a woman married to Uriah the Hittite. King David seduced her and made her pregnant, so he arranged to have her husband killed in battle and then married her. She was the mother of Solomon.

BEATRICE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, English, Swedish
Pronounced: be-a-TREE-che (Italian), BEE-ə-tris (English), BEET-ris (English), BE-ah-trees (Swedish), be-ah-TREES (Swedish)
Rating: 50% based on 5 votes
Italian form of BEATRIX. Beatrice Portinari (1266-1290) was the woman who was loved by the Italian poet Dante Alighieri. She serves as Dante's guide through paradise in his epic poem the 'Divine Comedy' (1321). This is also the name of a character in Shakespeare's comedy 'Much Ado About Nothing' (1599), in which Beatrice and Benedick are fooled into confessing their love for one another.

BEATRIX
Gender: Feminine
Usage: German, Hungarian, Dutch, English (Rare), Late Roman
Pronounced: be-A-triks (German), BE-a-triks (German), BE-aw-treeks (Hungarian), BAY-ah-triks (Dutch), BEE-ə-triks (English), BEE-triks (English)
Rating: 48% based on 5 votes
Probably from Viatrix, a feminine form of the Late Latin name Viator which meant "voyager, traveller". It was a common name amongst early Christians, and the spelling was altered by association with Latin beatus "blessed". Viatrix or Beatrix was a 4th-century saint who was strangled to death during the persecutions of Diocletian.

In England the name became rare after the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century, more commonly in the spelling Beatrice. Famous bearers include the British author and illustrator Beatrix Potter (1866-1943), the creator of Peter Rabbit, and Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands (1938-).

BÉLA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hungarian
Pronounced: BE-law
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
The meaning of this name is not known for certain. It could be derived from Hungarian bél meaning "guts, bowel" or Slavic бѣлъ (belu) meaning "white". This was the name of four Hungarian kings.

BENEDICT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: BEN-ə-dikt
Rating: 43% based on 6 votes
From the Late Latin name Benedictus which meant "blessed". Saint Benedict was an Italian monk who founded the Benedictines in the 6th century. After his time the name was common among Christians, being used by 16 popes. In England it did not come into use until the 12th century, at which point it became very popular. This name was also borne by the American general Benedict Arnold (1741-1801), who defected to Britain during the American Revolution.

BERNADETTE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, English
Pronounced: BER-NA-DET (French)
Rating: 36% based on 5 votes
French feminine form of BERNARD. Saint Bernadette was a young woman from Lourdes in France who claimed to have seen visions of the Virgin Mary.

BERNARD
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, Dutch, Polish, Croatian, Slovene, Czech, Ancient Germanic
Pronounced: bər-NAHRD (American English), BU-nəd (British English), BER-NAR (French), BER-nahrt (Dutch), BER-nart (Polish, Croatian)
Rating: 58% based on 4 votes
Derived from the Germanic element bern "bear" combined with hard "brave, hardy". The Normans brought it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Beornheard. This was the name of several saints, including Saint Bernard of Menthon who built hospices in the Swiss Alps in the 10th century, and Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, a 12th-century theologian and Doctor of the Church. Other famous bearers include the Irish playwright and essayist George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) and the British World War II field marshal Bernard Montgomery (1887-1976).

BERTRAM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, German, Ancient Germanic
Pronounced: BUR-trəm (English), BER-tram (German)
Rating: 58% based on 4 votes
Means "bright raven", derived from the Germanic element beraht "bright" combined with hramn "raven". The Normans introduced this name to England. Shakespeare used it in his play 'All's Well That Ends Well' (1603).

BETHANY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Biblical
Pronounced: BETH-ə-nee (English)
Rating: 60% based on 7 votes
From the name of a biblical town, possibly derived from Hebrew בֵּית־תְּאֵנָה (beit-te'enah) meaning "house of figs". In the New Testament the town of Bethany was the home of Lazarus and his sisters Mary and Martha. It has been in use as a rare given name in the English-speaking world since the 19th century, used primarily by Catholics in honour of Mary of Bethany. In America it became moderately common after the 1950s.

BIANCA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, Romanian
Pronounced: BYANG-ka (Italian), BYAN-ka (Romanian)
Rating: 48% based on 4 votes
Italian cognate of BLANCHE. Shakespeare used characters named Bianca in 'Taming of the Shrew' (1593) and 'Othello' (1603).

BIJOU
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Various
Rating: 50% based on 5 votes
Means "jewel" in French.

BLAISE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: BLEZ
Rating: 26% based on 5 votes
From the Roman name Blasius which meant "lisping" from Latin blaesus. A famous bearer was the French mathematician and philosopher Blaise Pascal (1623-1662).

BLYTHE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: BLIEDH
Rating: 53% based on 6 votes
From a surname which meant "cheerful" in Old English.

BOAZ
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: בֹּעַז (Hebrew)
Pronounced: BO-az (English)
Rating: 45% based on 6 votes
Means "swiftness" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the man who marries Ruth.

BRAM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Dutch
Pronounced: BRAHM
Rating: 87% based on 6 votes
Short form of ABRAHAM. This name was borne by Bram Stoker (1847-1912), the Irish author who wrote 'Dracula'.

CAITLIN
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Irish, English
Pronounced: KAHT-leen (Irish), KAYT-lin (English)
Rating: 50% based on 5 votes
Anglicized form of CAITLÍN.

CALLIOPE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Καλλιοπη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: kə-LIE-ə-pee (English)
Rating: 54% based on 7 votes
Latinized form of KALLIOPE.

CALYPSO
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Καλυψω (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: kə-LIP-so (English)
Rating: 60% based on 5 votes
From Greek Καλυψω (Kalypso) which probably meant "she that conceals", derived from καλυπτω (kalypto) "to cover, to conceal". In Greek myth this was the name of the nymph who fell in love with Odysseus after he was shipwrecked on her island of Ogygia. When he refused to stay with her she detained him for seven years until Zeus ordered her to release him.

CANUTE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: History
Pronounced: kə-NOOT (English), kə-NYOOT (English)
Rating: 50% based on 5 votes
Anglicized form of KNUT.

CAROLINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch
Pronounced: KA-RAW-LEEN (French), KER-ə-lien (English), KER-ə-lin (English), KAR-ə-lien (English), KAR-ə-lin (English), ka-ro-LEE-nə (German)
Rating: 80% based on 6 votes
French feminine form of CAROLUS.

CASIMIR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French
Pronounced: KAZ-i-meer (English), KA-ZEE-MEER (French)
Rating: 70% based on 6 votes
English form of the Polish name Kazimierz, derived from the Slavic element kaziti "to destroy" combined with miru "peace, world". Four kings of Poland have borne this name, including Casimir III the Great, who greatly strengthened the Polish state in the 14th century. It was also borne Saint Casimir, a 15th-century Polish prince and a patron saint of Poland and Lithuania. The name was imported into Western Europe via Germany, where it was borne by some royalty.

CASSANDRA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, German, Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Κασσανδρα (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: kə-SAN-drə (English), kə-SAHN-drə (English), kas-SAN-dra (Italian), ka-SAN-dra (German)
Rating: 50% based on 4 votes
From the Greek name Κασσανδρα (Kassandra), derived from possibly κεκασμαι (kekasmai) "to excel, to shine" and ανηρ (aner) "man" (genitive ανδρος). In Greek myth Cassandra was a Trojan princess, the daughter of Priam and Hecuba. She was given the gift of prophecy by Apollo, but when she spurned his advances he cursed her so nobody would believe her prophecies.

In the Middle Ages this name was common in England due to the popularity of medieval tales about the Trojan War. It subsequently became rare, but was revived in the 20th century.

CATALINA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish
Pronounced: ka-ta-LEE-na
Rating: 68% based on 6 votes
Spanish form of KATHERINE.

CATHERINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, English
Pronounced: KA-TU-REEN (French), KA-TREEN (French), KATH-ə-rin (English), KATH-rin (English)
Rating: 67% based on 7 votes
French form of KATHERINE, and also a common English variant.

CEDRIC
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: SED-rik
Rating: 55% based on 6 votes
Invented by Sir Walter Scott for a character in his novel 'Ivanhoe' (1819). Apparently he based it on the actual name Cerdic, the name of the semi-legendary founder of the kingdom of Wessex in the 6th century. The meaning of Cerdic is uncertain, but it does not appear to be Old English in origin. It could be connected to the Brythonic name CARATACOS. The name was also used by Frances Hodgson Burnett for the main character in her novel 'Little Lord Fauntleroy' (1886).

CELESTE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, English
Pronounced: che-LE-ste (Italian), sə-LEST (English)
Rating: 40% based on 5 votes
Italian feminine and masculine form of CAELESTIS. It is also the English feminine form.

CHARLOTTE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch
Pronounced: SHAR-LAWT (French), SHAHR-lət (English), shar-LAW-tə (German), shah-LOT (Swedish), shahr-LAWT-tə (Dutch)
Rating: 72% based on 5 votes
French feminine diminutive of CHARLES. It was introduced to Britain in the 17th century. A notable bearer was Charlotte Brontë (1816-1855), the eldest of the three Brontë sisters and the author of 'Jane Eyre' and 'Villette'.

CHRISTINA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Greek
Other Scripts: Χριστινα (Greek)
Pronounced: kris-TEEN-ə (English), kris-TEE-na (German), kris-TEE-nah (Swedish, Dutch)
Rating: 38% based on 5 votes
From Christiana, the Latin feminine form of CHRISTIAN. This was the name of an early, possibly legendary, saint who was tormented by her pagan father. It was also borne by a 17th-century Swedish queen and patron the arts who gave up her crown in order to become a Roman Catholic.

CHRISTMAS
Gender: Masculine & Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: KRIS-məs
From the name of the holiday, which means "Christ festival".

CLARA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian, English, Swedish, Danish, Late Roman
Pronounced: KLA-ra (Italian, German, Spanish), KLA-ru (Portuguese), KLER-ə (American English), KLAR-ə (American English), KLAH-rə (British English)
Rating: 81% based on 7 votes
Feminine form of the Late Latin name Clarus which meant "clear, bright, famous". The name Clarus was borne by a few early saints. The feminine form was popularized by the 13th-century Saint Clare of Assisi (called Chiara in Italian), a friend and follower of Saint Francis, who left her wealthy family to found the order of nuns known as the Poor Clares. As an English name it has been in use since the Middle Ages, originally in the form Clare, though the Latinate spelling Clara became more popular in the 19th century.

CLAUDIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Biblical, Ancient Roman
Pronounced: KLAW-dee-ə (English), KLOW-dya (German, Italian, Romanian), KLOW-dee-ah (Dutch), KLOW-dhya (Spanish), KLOW-dee-a (Classical Latin)
Rating: 70% based on 5 votes
Feminine form of CLAUDIUS. It is mentioned briefly in the New Testament. As a Christian name it was very rare until the 16th century.

CLÉMENTINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French
Pronounced: KLE-MAHN-TEEN
Rating: 77% based on 6 votes
French feminine form of CLEMENT.

CLEO
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: KLEE-o
Rating: 23% based on 6 votes
Short form of CLEOPATRA.

CLEOPATRA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Κλεοπατρα (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: klee-o-PAT-rə (English)
Rating: 42% based on 5 votes
From the Greek name Κλεοπατρα (Kleopatra) which meant "glory of the father", derived from κλεος (kleos) "glory" combined with πατηρ (pater) "father" (genitive πατρος), This was the name of queens of Egypt from the Ptolemaic royal family, including Cleopatra VII, the mistress of both Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. After being defeated by Augustus she committed suicide by allowing herself to be bitten by an asp. Shakespeare's tragedy 'Antony and Cleopatra' (1606) is based on her.

CONSTANCE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, French
Pronounced: KAHN-stənts (English), KAWNS-TAHNS (French)
Rating: 58% based on 6 votes
Medieval form of CONSTANTIA. The Normans introduced this name to England (it was the name of a daughter of William the Conqueror).

CONSTANTINE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: History
Pronounced: KAWNS-tən-teen (English)
Rating: 73% based on 6 votes
From the Latin name Constantinus, a derivative of CONSTANS. Constantine the Great (272-337) was the first Roman emperor to adopt Christianity. He moved the capital of the empire from Rome to Byzantium, which he renamed Constantinople (modern Istanbul).

CORA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, German, Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Κορη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: KAWR-ə (English), KO-ra (German)
Rating: 56% based on 5 votes
Latinized form of KORE. It was not used as a given name in the English-speaking world until after it was employed by James Fenimore Cooper for a character in his novel 'The Last of the Mohicans' (1826). In some cases it may be a short form of CORDULA, CORINNA or other names beginning with a similar sound.

CORAL
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Spanish
Pronounced: KAWR-əl (English)
Rating: 42% based on 5 votes
From the English and Spanish word coral for the underwater skeletal deposits which can form reefs. It is ultimately derived (via Old French and Latin) from Greek κοραλλιον (korallion).

DALLAS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: DAL-əs
Rating: 46% based on 7 votes
From a surname which was originally taken from a Scottish place name meaning "meadow dwelling". A city in Texas bears this name, probably in honour of American Vice President George Mifflin Dallas.

DAPHNE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology, English, Dutch
Other Scripts: Δαφνη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: DAF-nee (English), DAHF-nə (Dutch)
Rating: 78% based on 5 votes
Means "laurel" in Greek. In Greek mythology she was a nymph turned into a laurel tree by her father in order that she might escape the pursuit of Apollo. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the end of the 19th century.

DASHIELL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: də-SHEEL
Rating: 48% based on 6 votes
In the case of American author Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961), it is an Anglicized form of his mother's surname De Chiel, which is of unknown meaning.

DAVID
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Hebrew, French, Scottish, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Czech, Slovene, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: דָּוִד (Hebrew), Давид (Russian, Serbian, Macedonian)
Pronounced: DAY-vid (English), dah-VEED (Hebrew), DA-VEED (French), da-BEEDH (Spanish), DA-vit (German), DAH-vid (Swedish, Norwegian), DAH-vit (Dutch), du-VYEET (Russian)
Rating: 63% based on 6 votes
From the Hebrew name דָּוִד (Dawid), which was probably derived from Hebrew דוד (dwd) meaning "beloved". David was the second and greatest of the kings of Israel, ruling in the 10th century BC. Several stories about him are told in the Old Testament, including his defeat of Goliath, a giant Philistine. According to the New Testament, Jesus was descended from him.

This name has been used in Britain since the Middle Ages. It has been especially popular in Wales, where it is used in honour of the 5th-century patron saint of Wales (also called Dewi), as well as in Scotland, where it was borne by two kings. Famous bearers include empiricist philosopher David Hume (1711-1776), explorer David Livingstone (1813-1873), musician David Bowie (1947-2016), and soccer player David Beckham (1975-). This is also the name of the hero of Charles Dickens' semi-autobiographical novel 'David Copperfield' (1850).

DELILAH
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, English
Other Scripts: דְּלִילָה (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: di-LIE-lə (English)
Rating: 79% based on 7 votes
Means "delicate, weak, languishing" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament she is the lover of Samson, whom she betrays to the Philistines by cutting his hair, which is the source of his power. Despite her character flaws, the name began to be used by the Puritans in the 17th century. It has been used occasionally in the English-speaking world since that time.

DELPHINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French
Pronounced: DEL-FEEN
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
French form of DELPHINA.

DEMETER (1)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: Δημητηρ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: DE-ME-TER (Classical Greek), də-MEET-ər (English)
Rating: 43% based on 4 votes
Possibly means "earth mother", derived from Greek δα (da) "earth" and μητηρ (meter) "mother". In Greek mythology Demeter was the goddess of agriculture, the daughter of Cronus, the sister of Zeus, and the mother of Persephone.

DESDEMONA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Literature
Pronounced: dez-də-MON-ə (English)
Rating: 55% based on 6 votes
Derived from Greek δυσδαιμων (dysdaimon) meaning "ill-fated". This was the name of the murdered wife of Othello in Shakespeare's play 'Othello' (1603).

DESMOND
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Irish
Pronounced: DEZ-mənd
Rating: 48% based on 4 votes
From an Irish surname which was derived from Deasmhumhain meaning "South Munster", originally indicating a person who came from that region in Ireland.

DEXTER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: DEK-stər
Rating: 60% based on 6 votes
From an occupational surname meaning "one who dyes" in Old English. It also coincides with the Latin word dexter meaning "right-handed, skilled".

DIETER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German
Pronounced: DEE-tu
Rating: 36% based on 5 votes
Means "warrior of the people", derived from the Germanic elements theud "people" and hari "army".

DOLORES
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish, English
Pronounced: do-LO-res (Spanish), də-LAWR-is (English)
Rating: 68% based on 5 votes
Means "sorrows", taken from the Spanish title of the Virgin Mary María de los Dolores, meaning "Mary of Sorrows". It has been used in the English-speaking world since the 19th century, becoming especially popular in America during the 1920s and 30s.

DORIAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French
Pronounced: DAWR-ee-ən (English), DAW-RYAHN (French)
Rating: 53% based on 4 votes
The name was first used by Oscar Wilde in his novel 'The Picture of Dorian Gray' (1891), which tells the story of a man whose portrait ages while he stays young. Wilde may have taken it from the name of the ancient Greek tribe the Dorians, or from the surname DORAN.

DOROTHY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: DAWR-ə-thee, DAWR-thee
Rating: 78% based on 6 votes
Usual English form of DOROTHEA. It has been in use since the 16th century. The author L. Frank Baum used it for the central character in his fantasy novel 'The Wonderful Wizard of Oz' (1900).

EASTER
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: EES-tər
From the English name of the Christian festival celebrating the resurrection of Jesus. It was ultimately named for the Germanic spring goddess Eostre. It was traditionally given to children born on Easter, though it is rare in modern times.

ECHO
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: Ηχω (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: E-ko (English)
Rating: 76% based on 5 votes
Means "echo" from the word for the repeating reflected sound, which derives from Greek ηχη (eche) "sound". In Greek mythology Echo was a nymph given a speech impediment by Hera, so that she could only repeat what others said. She fell in love with Narcissus, but her love was not returned, and she pined away until nothing remained of her except her voice.

EDMUND
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, German, Polish
Pronounced: ED-mənd (English), ET-muwnt (German), ED-moont (Polish)
Rating: 52% based on 5 votes
From the Old English elements ead "wealth, fortune" and mund "protection". This was the name of two Anglo-Saxon kings of England. It was also borne by two saints, including a 9th-century king of East Anglia who, according to tradition, was shot to death with arrows after refusing to divide his Christian kingdom with an invading pagan Danish leader. This Old English name remained in use after the Norman conquest (even being used by king Henry III for one of his sons), though it became less common after the 15th century.

Famous bearers of the name include the English poet Edmund Spenser (1552-1599), the German-Czech philosopher Edmund Husserl (1859-1938) and New Zealand mountaineer Sir Edmund Hillary (1919-2008), the first person to climb Mount Everest.

EDWARD
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Polish
Pronounced: ED-wərd (English), ED-vart (Polish)
Rating: 70% based on 5 votes
Means "rich guard", derived from the Old English elements ead "wealth, fortune" and weard "guard". This was the name of several Anglo-Saxon kings, the last being Saint Edward the Confessor shortly before the Norman conquest in the 11th century. He was known as a just ruler, and because of his popularity his name remained in use after the conquest when most other Old English names were replaced by Norman ones. The 13th-century Plantagenet king Henry III named his son and successor after the saint, and seven subsequent kings of England were also named Edward.

This is one of the few Old English names to be used throughout Europe (in various spellings). A famous bearer was the British composer Edward Elgar (1857-1934). It was also used by author Charlotte Brontë for the character Edward Rochester, the main love interest of the title character in her novel 'Jane Eyre' (1947).

EFFIE (1)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Archaic)
Pronounced: EF-ee
Rating: 60% based on 6 votes
Diminutive of EUPHEMIA.

ELEANOR
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: EL-ə-nawr
Rating: 73% based on 7 votes
From the Old French form of the Occitan name Aliénor. Among the name's earliest bearers was the influential Eleanor of Aquitaine (12th century), who was the queen of Louis VII, the king of France, and later Henry II, the king of England. She was named Aenor after her mother, and was called by the Occitan phrase alia Aenor "the other AENOR" in order to distinguish her from her mother. However, there appear to be examples of bearers prior to Eleanor of Aquitaine. It is not clear whether they were in fact Aenors who were retroactively recorded as having the name Eleanor, or whether there is an alternative explanation for the name's origin.

The popularity of the name Eleanor in England during the Middle Ages was due to the fame of Eleanor of Aquitaine, as well as two queens of the following century: Eleanor of Provence, the wife of Henry III, and Eleanor of Castile, the wife of Edward I. More recently, it was borne by first lady Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962), the wife of American president Franklin Roosevelt.

ELECTRA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Ηλεκτρα (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: ə-LEKT-rə (English)
Rating: 48% based on 5 votes
Latinized form of Greek Ηλεκτρα (Elektra), derived from ηλεκτρον (elektron) meaning "amber". In Greek myth she was the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra and the sister of Orestes. She helped her brother kill their mother and her lover Aegisthus in vengeance for Agamemnon's murder. Also in Greek mythology, this name was borne by one of the Pleiades, who were the daughters of Atlas and Pleione.

ELIZABETH
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Biblical
Pronounced: i-LIZ-ə-bəth (English)
Rating: 80% based on 7 votes
From Ελισαβετ (Elisabet), the Greek form of the Hebrew name אֱלִישֶׁבַע ('Elisheva') meaning "my God is an oath" or perhaps "my God is abundance". The Hebrew form appears in the Old Testament where Elisheba is the wife of Aaron, while the Greek form appears in the New Testament where Elizabeth is the mother of John the Baptist.

Among Christians, this name was originally more common in Eastern Europe. It was borne in the 12th century by Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, a daughter of King Andrew II who used her wealth to help the poor. In medieval England it was occasionally used in honour of the saint, though the form Isabel (from Occitan and Spanish) was more common. It has been very popular in England since the reign of Queen Elizabeth I in the 16th century. It has also been borne (in various spellings) by many other European royals, including a ruling empress of Russia in the 18th century. Famous modern bearers include the British queen Elizabeth II (1926-) and actress Elizabeth Taylor (1932-2011).

ELOISE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: EL-o-eez, el-o-EEZ
Rating: 72% based on 6 votes
From the Old French name Héloïse, which is probably from the Germanic name Helewidis, composed of the elements heil "hale, healthy" and wid "wide". It is sometimes associated with the Greek word ‘ηλιος (helios) "sun" or the name Louise, though there is not likely an etymological connection. This name was borne in the 12th century by Saint Eloise, the wife of the French theologian Peter Abelard. She became a nun after her husband was castrated by her uncle.

There was a medieval English form of this name, Helewis, though it died out after the 13th century. In the 19th century it was revived in the English-speaking world in the form Eloise.

ELOY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Spanish
Pronounced: e-LOI
Rating: 38% based on 4 votes
Spanish form of ELIGIUS.

EPONA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Celtic Mythology
Rating: 43% based on 4 votes
Derived from Gaulish epos meaning "horse". This was the name of the Celtic goddess of horses.

ERIK
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian, German, Dutch, English
Pronounced: E-rik (Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German), E-reek (Finnish, Slovene, Hungarian), AY-rik (Dutch), ER-ik (English)
Rating: 46% based on 7 votes
Scandinavian form of ERIC. This was the name of kings of Sweden, Denmark and Norway. King Erik IX of Sweden (12th century) is the patron saint of that country.

ERROL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: ER-əl
Rating: 62% based on 5 votes
From a surname which was originally derived from a Scottish place name. It was popularized as a given name by the Australian actor Errol Flynn (1909-1959).

ERSKINE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Scottish, Irish, English (Rare)
Pronounced: UR-skien (English)
Rating: 17% based on 3 votes
From a surname which was originally derived from the name of a Scottish town meaning "projecting height" in Gaelic. A famous bearer of the name was the Irish novelist and nationalist Erskine Childers (1870-1922).

ESMERALDA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish, Portuguese, English, Literature
Pronounced: es-me-RAL-da (Spanish), esh-mə-RAL-də (Portuguese), ez-mə-RAHL-də (English)
Rating: 70% based on 4 votes
Means "emerald" in Spanish and Portuguese. Victor Hugo used this name in his novel 'The Hunchback of Notre Dame' (1831), in which Esmeralda is the Gypsy girl who is loved by Quasimodo. It has occasionally been used in the English-speaking world since that time.

ESTELLE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, French
Pronounced: es-TEL (English), ES-TEL (French)
Rating: 58% based on 5 votes
From an Old French name which was derived from Latin stella, meaning "star". It was rare in the English-speaking world in the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century, perhaps due to the character Estella Havisham in Charles Dickens' novel 'Great Expectations' (1860).

ESTHER
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, French, Spanish, Dutch, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: אֶסְתֵר (Hebrew), Εσθηρ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: ES-tər (English, Dutch), ES-TER (French)
Rating: 54% based on 5 votes
Possibly means "star" in Persian. Alternatively it could be a derivative of the name of the Near Eastern goddess ISHTAR. The Book of Esther in the Old Testament tells the story of Queen Esther, the Jewish wife of the king of Persia. The king's advisor Haman persuaded the king to exterminate all the Jews in the realm. Warned of this plot by her cousin Mordecai, Esther revealed her Jewish ancestry and convinced the king to execute Haman instead. Her original Hebrew name was Hadassah.

This name has been used in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. In America it received a boost in popularity after the birth of Esther Cleveland (1893-1980), the daughter of President Grover Cleveland.

ETHAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: אֵיתָן (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: EE-thən (English), E-TAN (French)
Rating: 68% based on 5 votes
From the Hebrew name אֵיתָן ('Eitan) meaning "solid, enduring, firm". In the Old Testament this name is borne by a few minor characters, including the wise man Ethan the Ezrahite, supposedly the author of Psalm 89.

After the Protestant Reformation it was occasionally used as a given name in the English-speaking world, and it became somewhat common in America due to the fame of the revolutionary Ethan Allen (1738-1789). It only became popular towards the end of the 20th century. It is the name of the main character in Edith Wharton's novel 'Ethan Frome' (1911), about a man in love with his wife's cousin.

EVE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Biblical
Other Scripts: חַוָּה (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: EEV (English)
Rating: 66% based on 5 votes
From the Hebrew name חַוָּה (Chawwah), which was derived from the Hebrew word חוה (chawah) "to breathe" or the related word חיה (chayah) "to live". According to the Old Testament Book of Genesis, Eve and Adam were the first humans. God created her from one of Adam's ribs to be his companion. At the urging of a serpent she ate the forbidden fruit and shared some with Adam, causing their expulsion from the Garden of Eden.

Despite this potentially negative association, the name was occasionally used by Christians during the Middle Ages. In the English-speaking world both Eve and the Latin form Eva were revived in the 19th century.

EZRA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, English, Hebrew
Other Scripts: עֶזְרָא (Hebrew)
Pronounced: EZ-rə (English)
Rating: 48% based on 6 votes
Means "help" in Hebrew. Ezra is a prophet of the Old Testament and the author of the Book of Ezra. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. The American poet Ezra Pound (1885-1972) was a famous bearer.

FARAMUND
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Germanic
Rating: 35% based on 4 votes
Derived from the Germanic elements fara "journey" and mund "protection". This was the name of a semi-legendary 5th-century king of the Franks.

FAY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: FAY
Rating: 40% based on 3 votes
Derived from Middle English faie meaning "fairy", ultimately (via Old French) from Latin fata meaning "the Fates". It appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Arthurian legends in the name of Morgan le Fay. It has been used as a given name since the 19th century. In some cases it may be used as a short form of FAITH.

FAYE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: FAY
Rating: 37% based on 3 votes
Variant of FAY.

FERN
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: FURN
Rating: 63% based on 6 votes
From the English word for the plant, ultimately from Old English fearn. It has been used as a given name since the late 19th century.

FLEUR
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, Dutch, English (Rare)
Pronounced: FLUUR (French, Dutch), FLUR (English)
Rating: 58% based on 5 votes
Means "flower" in French. This was the name of a character in John Galsworthy's novels 'The Forsyte Saga' (1922).

FLORA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, German, Italian, Roman Mythology
Pronounced: FLAW-rə (English), FLO-ra (German)
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
Derived from Latin flos meaning "flower". Flora was the Roman goddess of flowers and spring, the wife of Zephyr the west wind. It has been used as a given name since the Renaissance, starting in France. In Scotland it was sometimes used as an Anglicized form of Fionnghuala.

FRANCES
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: FRAN-sis
Rating: 75% based on 6 votes
Feminine form of FRANCIS. The distinction between Francis as a masculine name and Frances as a feminine name did not arise until the 17th century. A notable bearer was Saint Frances Xavier Cabrini (1850-1917), a social worker and the first American to be canonized.

FRANCESCA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, Catalan
Pronounced: fran-CHES-ka (Italian)
Rating: 60% based on 5 votes
Italian and Catalan feminine form of Franciscus (see FRANCIS).

FREYA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Norse Mythology, English (British, Modern), German
Pronounced: FRAY-ə (English), FRE-ya (German)
Rating: 68% based on 6 votes
From Old Norse Freyja meaning "lady". This was the name of the goddess of love, beauty, war and death in Norse mythology. She claimed half of the heroes who were slain in battle and brought them to her realm of Fólkvangr. Along with her brother Freyr and father Njord, she was one of the Vanir (as opposed to the Æsir). Some scholars connect her with the goddess Frigg.

This is not the usual spelling in any of the Scandinavian languages (in Sweden and Denmark it is Freja and in Norway it is Frøja) but it is the common spelling of the goddess's name in English. In the 2000s it became popular in Britain.

GABBY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: GAB-ee
Rating: 30% based on 5 votes
Diminutive of GABRIEL or GABRIELLE.

GABRIEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Catalan, English, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: גַּבְרִיאֵל (Ancient Hebrew), Γαβριηλ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: GA-BREE-YEL (French), ga-BRYEL (Spanish), GA-bree-el (German, Classical Latin), GAHB-ree-el (Finnish), GAY-bree-əl (English), GAB-ryel (Polish)
Rating: 88% based on 5 votes
From the Hebrew name גַבְרִיאֵל (Gavri'el) meaning "God is my strong man", derived from גֶּבֶר (gever) "strong man, hero" and אֶל ('El) "God". Gabriel was one of the seven archangels in Hebrew tradition, often appearing as a messenger of God. In the Old Testament he is sent to interpret the visions of the prophet Daniel, while in the New Testament he serves as the announcer of the births of John to Zechariah and Jesus to Mary. According to Islamic tradition he was the angel who dictated the Qur'an to Muhammad.

This name has been used occasionally in England since the 12th century. It was not common in the English-speaking world until the end of the 20th century.

GARNET (1)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: GAHR-nət
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
From the English word garnet for the precious stone, the birthstone of January. The word is derived from Middle English gernet meaning "dark red".

GEORGE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Romanian
Pronounced: JAWRJ (English)
Rating: 66% based on 5 votes
From the Greek name Γεωργιος (Georgios) which was derived from the Greek word γεωργος (georgos) meaning "farmer, earthworker", itself derived from the elements γη (ge) "earth" and εργον (ergon) "work". Saint George was a 3rd-century Roman soldier from Palestine who was martyred during the persecutions of emperor Diocletian. Later legends describe his defeat of a dragon, with which he was often depicted in medieval art.

Initially Saint George was primarily revered by Eastern Christians, but returning crusaders brought stories of him to Western Europe and he became the patron of England, Portugal, Catalonia and Aragon. The name was rarely used in England until the German-born George I came to the British throne in the 18th century. Five subsequent British kings have borne the name.

Other famous bearers include two kings of Greece, the composer George Frideric Handel (1685-1759), the first president of the United States, George Washington (1732-1797), and the Pacific explorer George Vancouver (1757-1798). This was also the pen name of authors George Eliot (1819-1880) and George Orwell (1903-1950), real names Mary Anne Evans and Eric Arthur Blair respectively.

GEORGIANA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Romanian
Pronounced: jor-JYAH-nə (English), jor-JAY-nə (English)
Rating: 68% based on 5 votes
Feminine form of GEORGE. This form of the name has been in use in the English-speaking world since the 18th century.

GIDEON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, English, Hebrew
Other Scripts: גִּדְעוֹן (Hebrew)
Pronounced: GID-ee-ən (English)
Rating: 60% based on 5 votes
Means "feller" or "hewer" in Hebrew. Gideon is a hero and judge of the Old Testament. He led the vastly outnumbered Israelites against the Midianites, defeated them, and killed their two kings. In the English-speaking world, Gideon has been used as a given name since the Protestant Reformation, and it was popular among the Puritans.

GINGER
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: JIN-jər
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
From the English word ginger for the spice or the reddish-brown colour. It can also be a diminutive of VIRGINIA, as in the case of actress and dancer Ginger Rogers (1911-1995), by whom the name was popularized.

GINNY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: JIN-ee
Rating: 56% based on 5 votes
Diminutive of VIRGINIA.

GLEN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Scottish, English
Pronounced: GLEN (English)
Rating: 24% based on 5 votes
Variant of GLENN.

GOLDA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Yiddish
Other Scripts: גוֹלְדָא (Yiddish)
Rating: 28% based on 4 votes
Means "gold" in Yiddish.

GREER
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Scottish, English (Rare)
Pronounced: GREER
Rating: 60% based on 5 votes
From a Scottish surname which was derived from the given name GREGOR.

GWENDOLEN
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Welsh
Pronounced: GWEN-də-lin (English)
Rating: 53% based on 7 votes
Means "white ring", derived from the Welsh elements gwen "white, fair, blessed" and dolen "ring". This was the name of a mythical queen of the Britons who defeated her husband in battle, as told by Geoffrey of Monmouth.

HAMISH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Scottish
Pronounced: HAY-mish
Rating: 62% based on 6 votes
Anglicized form of a Sheumais, the vocative case of SEUMAS.

HANNAH
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Hebrew, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Biblical
Other Scripts: חַנָּה (Hebrew)
Pronounced: HAN-ə (English), HA-na (German)
Rating: 60% based on 7 votes
From the Hebrew name חַנָּה (Channah) meaning "favour" or "grace". In the Old Testament this is the name of the wife of Elkanah. Her rival was Elkanah's other wife Peninnah, who had children while Hannah remained barren. After a blessing from Eli she finally became pregnant with Samuel.

As an English name, Hannah was not regularly used until after the Protestant Reformation. The Greek and Latin version Anna, which is used in the New Testament, has traditionally been more common as a Christian name.

HARRY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: HER-ee, HAR-ee
Rating: 70% based on 5 votes
Medieval English form of HENRY. In modern times it is used as a diminutive of both Henry and HAROLD. A famous bearer was American president Harry S. Truman (1884-1972). It is also the name of the boy wizard in J. K. Rowling's 'Harry Potter' series of books, first released in 1997.

HECATE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Other Scripts: ‘Εκατη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: HEK-ə-tee (English)
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
From the Greek ‘Εκατη (Hekate), possibly derived from ‘εκας (hekas) meaning "far off". In Greek mythology Hecate was a goddess associated with witchcraft, crossroads, tombs, demons and the underworld.

HEDWIG
Gender: Feminine
Usage: German
Pronounced: HET-vikh
Rating: 53% based on 7 votes
From the Germanic name Hadewig, derived from the Germanic elements hadu "battle, combat" and wig "war". This was the name of a 13th-century German saint, the wife of the Polish duke Henry the Bearded. It was subsequently borne by a 14th-century Polish queen (usually known by her Polish name Jadwiga) who is now also regarded as a saint.

HELENA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Portuguese, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Finnish, Estonian, Slovene, Croatian, English, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Other Scripts: ‘Ελενη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: HE-le-na (German), he-LE-nah (Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish), khe-LE-na (Polish), HE-le-nah (Finnish), HEL-ə-nə (English)
Rating: 74% based on 7 votes
Latinate form of HELEN.

HENGIST
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Germanic
Rating: 35% based on 4 votes
Of Germanic origin, meaning "stallion". Hengist and his brother Horsa were the leaders of the first Germanic settlers in Britain. Hengist established a kingdom in Kent in the 5th century.

HERMIONE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: ‘Ερμιονη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: HER-MEE-O-NE (Classical Greek), hər-MIE-ə-nee (English)
Rating: 66% based on 8 votes
Derived from the name of the Greek messenger god HERMES. In Greek myth Hermione was the daughter of Menelaus and Helen. This is also the name of the wife of Leontes in Shakespeare's play 'The Winter's Tale' (1610). It is now closely associated with the character Hermione Granger from the Harry Potter series of books, first released in 1997.

HERO (1)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: ‘Ηρω (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: HIR-o (English)
Rating: 55% based on 8 votes
Derived from Greek ‘ηρως (heros) meaning "hero". In Greek legend she was the lover of Leander, who would swim across the Hellespont each night to meet her. He was killed on one such occasion when he got caught in a storm while in the water, and when Hero saw his dead body she drowned herself. This is also the name of a character in Shakespeare's play 'Much Ado About Nothing' (1599).

HESTER
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Biblical Latin
Pronounced: HES-tər (English)
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
Latin form of ESTHER. Like Esther, it has been used in England since the Protestant Reformation. Nathaniel Hawthorne used it for the heroine of his novel 'The Scarlet Letter' (1850), Hester Prynne.

HESTIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: ‘Εστια (Ancient Greek)
Rating: 38% based on 5 votes
Derived from Greek ‘εστια (hestia) "hearth, fireside". In Greek mythology Hestia was the goddess of the hearth and domestic activity.

HIRAM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, English
Other Scripts: חִירָם (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: HIE-rəm (English)
Rating: 45% based on 4 votes
Probably of Phoenician origin, though it could be from Hebrew meaning "exalted brother". This was the name of a king of Tyre in the Old Testament. As an English given name, Hiram came into use after the Protestant Reformation. In the 17th century the Puritans brought it to America, where it gained some currency.

HOLDEN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Modern)
Pronounced: HOL-dən
Rating: 33% based on 4 votes
From a surname which was originally derived from a place name meaning "deep valley" in Old English. This is the name of the main character in J. D. Salinger's novel 'The Catcher in the Rye' (1951), Holden Caufield.

HORATIO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: hə-RAY-shee-o, hə-RAY-sho
Rating: 47% based on 6 votes
Variant of HORATIUS. It was borne by the British admiral Horatio Nelson (1758-1805), famous for his defeat of Napoleon's forces in the Battle of Trafalgar, in which he was himself killed. Since his time the name has been occasionally used in his honour.

HOTARU
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Japanese
Other Scripts: (Japanese Kanji)
Pronounced: HO-TA-ROO
Rating: 34% based on 5 votes
From Japanese (hotaru) meaning "firefly".

HUGO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Spanish, Portuguese, English, Dutch, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Pronounced: OO-go (Spanish), HYOO-go (English), HUY-kho (Dutch), HOO-go (German)
Rating: 52% based on 6 votes
Latinized form of HUGH. As a surname it has belonged to the French author Victor Hugo (1802-1885), the writer of 'The Hunchback of Notre Dame' and 'Les Misérables'.

HUMPHREY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: HUM-free
Rating: 38% based on 5 votes
Means "peaceful warrior" from the Germanic elements hun "warrior, bear cub" and frid "peace". The Normans introduced this name to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Hunfrith, and it was regularly used through the Middle Ages. A famous bearer was the American actor Humphrey Bogart (1899-1957), who starred in 'The Maltese Falcon' and 'Casablanca'.

IAGO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Welsh, Galician, Portuguese
Pronounced: ee-A-gaw (Welsh, Galician), ee-AH-go (English)
Rating: 45% based on 4 votes
Welsh and Galician form of JACOB. This was the name of two early Welsh kings of Gwynedd. It is also the name of the villain in Shakespeare's tragedy 'Othello' (1603).

IGNATIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Late Roman
Pronounced: ig-NAY-shəs (English)
Rating: 80% based on 6 votes
From the Roman family name Egnatius, meaning unknown, of Etruscan origin. The spelling was later altered to resemble Latin ignis "fire". This was the name of several saints, including the third bishop of Antioch who was thrown to wild beasts by emperor Trajan, and by Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), founder of the Jesuits, whose real birth name was in fact Íñigo.

INDIGO
Gender: Feminine & Masculine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: IN-di-go
Rating: 38% based on 5 votes
From the English word indigo for the purplish-blue dye or the colour. It is ultimately derived from Greek Ινδικον (Indikon) "Indic, from India".

IRA (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, English, Hebrew
Other Scripts: עִירָא (Hebrew)
Pronounced: IE-rə (English)
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
Means "watchful" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of King David's priest. As an English Christian given name, Ira began to be used after the Protestant Reformation. In the 17th century the Puritans brought it to America, where remained moderately common into the 20th century.

IRIS
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, French, Spanish
Other Scripts: Ιρις (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: IE-ris (English), EE-ris (German, Dutch), EE-rees (Finnish, Spanish), EE-REES (French)
Rating: 68% based on 6 votes
Means "rainbow" in Greek. Iris was the name of the Greek goddess of the rainbow. This name can also be given in reference to the word (which derives from the same Greek source) for the name of the iris flower or the coloured part of the eye.

ISAAC
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: יִצְחָק (Hebrew)
Pronounced: IE-zək (English)
Rating: 58% based on 6 votes
From the Hebrew name יִצְחָק (Yitzchaq) meaning "he will laugh, he will rejoice", derived from צָחַק (tzachaq) meaning "to laugh". The Old Testament explains this meaning, by recounting that Abraham laughed when God told him that his aged wife Sarah would become pregnant with Isaac (see Genesis 17:17). When Isaac was a boy, God tested Abraham's faith by ordering him to sacrifice his son, though an angel prevented the act at the last moment. Isaac went on to become the father of Esau and Jacob with his wife Rebecca.

As an English Christian name, Isaac was occasionally used during the Middle Ages, though it was more common among Jews. It became more widespread after the Protestant Reformation. Famous bearers include the physicist and mathematician Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727) and the science-fiction writer Isaac Asimov (1920-1992).

ISIS
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Egyptian Mythology (Hellenized)
Other Scripts: Ισις (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: IE-sis (English)
Rating: 44% based on 5 votes
Greek form of Egyptian Ist (reconstructed as Iset or Ueset), which possibly meant "the throne". In Egyptian mythology Isis was the goddess of the sky and nature, the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus. She was originally depicted wearing a throne-shaped headdress, but in later times she was conflated with the goddess Hathor and depicted having the horns of a cow on her head. She was also worshipped by people outside of Egypt, such as the Greeks and Romans.

IVY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: IE-vee
Rating: 70% based on 5 votes
From the English word for the climbing plant that has small yellow flowers. It is ultimately derived from Old English ifig.

JACQUELINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, English
Pronounced: ZHAK-LEEN (French), JAK-ə-leen (English), JAK-ə-lin (English)
Rating: 24% based on 5 votes
French feminine form of JACQUES, also commonly used in the English-speaking world.

JANE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: JAYN
Rating: 87% based on 6 votes
Medieval English form of Jehanne, an Old French feminine form of Iohannes (see JOHN). This became the most common feminine form of John in the 17th century, surpassing Joan.

Famous bearers include the uncrowned English queen Lady Jane Grey (1536-1554), who ruled for only 9 days, the British novelist Jane Austen (1775-1817), who wrote 'Sense and Sensibility' and 'Pride and Prejudice', and the British primatologist Jane Goodall (1934-). This is also the name of the central character in Charlotte Brontë's novel 'Jane Eyre' (1847), which tells of her sad childhood and her relationship with Edward Rochester.

JARETH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Popular Culture
Pronounced: JER-əth (English), JAR-əth (English)
Rating: 24% based on 5 votes
Probably a blend of JARED and GARETH. This was the name of the Goblin King, played by David Bowie, in the movie 'Labyrinth' (1986).

JASON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, Greek Mythology (Anglicized), Biblical
Other Scripts: Ιασων (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: JAY-sən (English), ZHA-ZAWN (French)
Rating: 30% based on 4 votes
From the Greek name Ιασων (Iason), which was derived from Greek ιασθαι (iasthai) "to heal". In Greek mythology Jason was the leader of the Argonauts. After his uncle Pelias overthrew his father Aeson as king of Iolcos, Jason went in search of the Golden Fleece in order to win back the throne. During his journeys he married the sorceress Medea, who helped him gain the fleece and kill his uncle, but who later turned against him when he fell in love with another woman.

This name also appears in the New Testament, belonging to man who sheltered Paul and Silas. In his case, it may represent a Hellenized form of a Hebrew name. It was not used in England until after the Protestant Reformation.

JASPER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Dutch, Judeo-Christian Legend
Pronounced: JAS-pər (English), YAHS-pər (Dutch)
Rating: 76% based on 7 votes
Means "treasurer" in Persian. This name was traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who were said to have visited the newborn Jesus. It has occasionally been used in the English-speaking world since the Middle Ages. The name can also be given in reference to the English word for the gemstone.

JEAN (2)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Scottish
Pronounced: JEEN
Rating: 62% based on 6 votes
Medieval English variant of Jehanne (see JANE). It was common in England and Scotland during the Middle Ages, but eventually became rare in England. It was reintroduced to the English-speaking world from Scotland in the 19th century.

JEM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: JEM
Rating: 43% based on 4 votes
Diminutive of JEREMY (and formerly of JAMES).

JEMIMA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Biblical, English
Other Scripts: יְמִימָה (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: jə-MIE-mə (English)
Rating: 43% based on 6 votes
Means "dove" in Hebrew. This was the oldest of the three daughters of Job in the Old Testament. As an English name, Jemima first became common during the Puritan era.

JEROME
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: jə-ROM
Rating: 38% based on 4 votes
From the Greek name ‘Ιερωνυμος (Hieronymos) meaning "sacred name", derived from ‘ιερος (hieros) "sacred" and ονομα (onoma) "name". Saint Jerome was responsible for the creation of the Vulgate, the Latin translation of the Bible, in the 5th century. He is regarded as a Doctor of the Church. The name was used in his honour in the Middle Ages, especially in Italy and France, and has been used in England since the 12th century.

JERUSHA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: יְרוּשָׁה (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: jə-ROO-shə (English)
Rating: 40% based on 4 votes
Means "possession" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament she is the wife of King Uzziah of Judah and the mother of Jotham.

JOAQUÍN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Spanish
Pronounced: kho-a-KEEN, khwa-KEEN
Rating: 48% based on 4 votes
Spanish form of JOACHIM.

JOCELYN
Gender: Feminine & Masculine
Usage: English, French
Pronounced: JAHS-lin (English), JAHS-ə-lin (English), ZHO-SE-LEN (French)
Rating: 72% based on 6 votes
From a Germanic masculine name, variously written as Gaudelenus, Gautselin, Gauzlin, along with many other spellings. It was derived from the Germanic element Gaut, which was from the name of the Germanic tribe the Goths, combined with a Latin diminutive suffix. The Normans brought this name to England in the form Goscelin or Joscelin, and it was common until the 14th century. It was revived in the 20th century primarily as a feminine name, perhaps an adaptation of the surname Jocelyn (a medieval derivative of the given name). In France this is a masculine name only.

JOEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Finnish, Biblical
Other Scripts: יוֹאֵל (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: JO-əl (English), kho-EL (Spanish), zhoo-EL (Portuguese), YO-el (Swedish, Finnish)
Rating: 62% based on 5 votes
From the Hebrew name יוֹאֵל (Yo'el) meaning "YAHWEH is God". Joel is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Joel, which describes a plague of locusts. In England, it was first used as a Christian name after the Protestant Reformation.

JOHN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Biblical
Pronounced: JAHN (American English), JAWN (British English)
Rating: 78% based on 5 votes
English form of Iohannes, the Latin form of the Greek name Ιωαννης (Ioannes), itself derived from the Hebrew name יוֹחָנָן (Yochanan) meaning "YAHWEH is gracious". The Hebrew form occurs in the Old Testament (spelled Johanan or Jehohanan in the English version), but this name owes its popularity to two New Testament characters, both highly revered saints. The first is John the Baptist, a Jewish ascetic who is considered the forerunner of Jesus. He baptized Jesus and was later executed by Herod Antipas. The second is the apostle John, who is traditionally regarded as the author of the fourth gospel and Revelation. With the apostles Peter and James (his brother), he was part of the inner circle of Jesus.

This name was initially more common among Eastern Christians in the Byzantine Empire, but it flourished in Western Europe after the First Crusade. In England it became extremely popular: during the later Middle Ages it was given to approximately a fifth of all English boys.

The name (in various spellings) has been borne by 21 popes and eight Byzantine emperors, as well as rulers of England, France, Sweden, Denmark, Poland, Portugal, Bulgaria, Russia and Hungary. It was also borne by the poet John Milton (1608-1674), philosopher John Locke (1632-1704), American founding father and president John Adams (1735-1826), and poet John Keats (1795-1821). Famous bearers of the 20th century include author John Steinbeck (1902-1968), assassinated American president John F. Kennedy (1917-1963), and musician John Lennon (1940-1980).

JOSCELINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: JAHS-lin, JAHS-ə-lin
Rating: 42% based on 5 votes
Variant of JOCELYN.

JOSIAH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, English
Other Scripts: יֹאשִׁיָהוּ (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: jo-SIE-ə (English)
Rating: 77% based on 6 votes
From the Hebrew name יֹאשִׁיָהוּ (Yoshiyahu) meaning "YAHWEH supports". In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Judah famous for his religious reforms. He was killed fighting the Egyptians at Megiddo in the 7th century BC. In England this name came into use after the Protestant Reformation.

JOSIE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: JO-zee
Rating: 64% based on 5 votes
Short form of JOSEPHINE.

JOY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: JOI
Rating: 53% based on 6 votes
Simply from the English word joy, ultimately derived from Norman French joie, Latin gaudia. It has been regularly used as a given name since the late 19th century.

JUDD
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Medieval English
Pronounced: JUD (English)
Medieval diminutive of JORDAN. Modern use of this name is inspired by the surname that was derived from the medieval name.

JUDE (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Biblical
Pronounced: JOOD (English)
Rating: 69% based on 7 votes
Variant of JUDAS. It is used in many English versions of the New Testament to denote the second apostle named Judas, in order to distinguish him from Judas Iscariot. He was supposedly the author of the Epistle of Jude. In the English-speaking world, Jude has occasionally been used as a given name since the time of the Protestant Reformation.

JULIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Roman, English, German
Pronounced: YOO-lee-oos (Classical Latin), JOO-lee-əs (English), YOO-lyuws (German)
Rating: 48% based on 6 votes
From a Roman family name which was possibly derived from Greek ιουλος (ioulos) meaning "downy-bearded". Alternatively, it could be related to the name of the Roman god JUPITER. This was a prominent patrician family of Rome, who claimed descent from the mythological Julus, son of Aeneas. Its most notable member was Gaius Julius Caesar, who gained renown as a military leader for his clever conquest of Gaul. After a civil war he became the dictator of the Roman Republic, but was eventually stabbed to death in the senate.

Although this name was borne by several early saints, including a pope, it was rare during the Middle Ages. It was revived in Italy and France during the Renaissance, and was subsequently imported to England.

JUNE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: JOON
Rating: 75% based on 6 votes
From the name of the month, which was originally derived from the name of the Roman goddess Juno. It has been used as a given name since the 19th century.

JUNIPER
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: JOON-ə-pər
Rating: 71% based on 7 votes
From the English word for the type of tree, derived ultimately from Latin iuniperus.

KALLIOPE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: Καλλιοπη (Ancient Greek)
Rating: 42% based on 6 votes
Means "beautiful voice" from Greek καλλος (kallos) "beauty" and οψ (ops) "voice". In Greek mythology she was a goddess of epic poetry and eloquence, one of the nine Muses.

KALLISTO
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Καλλιστω (Ancient Greek)
Rating: 53% based on 4 votes
Derived from Greek καλλιστος (kallistos) meaning "most beautiful", a derivative of καλος (kalos) "beautiful". In Greek mythology Kallisto was a nymph who was loved by Zeus. She was changed into a she-bear by Hera, and subsequently became the Great Bear constellation. This was also an ancient Greek personal name.

KATHARINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, German
Pronounced: KATH-ə-rin (English), KATH-rin (English), ka-ta-REE-nə (German)
Rating: 45% based on 4 votes
English variant of KATHERINE and German variant of KATHARINA. A famous bearer was American actress Katharine Hepburn (1907-2003).

KESTREL
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: KES-trəl
Rating: 54% based on 5 votes
From the name of the bird of prey, ultimately derived from Old French crecelle "rattle", which refers to the sound of its cry.

KETURAH
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: קְטוּרָה (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: ki-TOOR-ə (English), kee-TYOOR-ə (English)
Rating: 40% based on 5 votes
Means "incense" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament she is Abraham's wife after Sarah dies.

KIYOKO
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Japanese
Other Scripts: 清子, 聖子, etc. (Japanese Kanji)
Pronounced: KYEE-YO-KO
Rating: 30% based on 3 votes
From Japanese (kiyo) meaning "clear, pure, clean" or (kiyo) meaning "holy" and (ko) meaning "child". This name can also be formed from other combinations of kanji characters.

KLAUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish
Pronounced: KLOWS (German, Finnish)
Rating: 50% based on 5 votes
German short form of NICHOLAS.

LARK
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: LAHRK
Rating: 44% based on 5 votes
From the English word for the type of songbird.

LAURA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Finnish, Estonian, Hungarian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Late Roman
Pronounced: LAWR-ə (English), LOW-ra (Spanish, Italian, Polish, German), LOW-rah (Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch), LAW-oo-raw (Hungarian)
Rating: 54% based on 5 votes
Feminine form of the Late Latin name Laurus, which meant "laurel". This meaning was favourable, since in ancient Rome the leaves of laurel trees were used to create victors' garlands. The name was borne by the 9th-century Spanish martyr Saint Laura, who was a nun thrown into a vat of molten lead by the Moors. It was also the name of the subject of poems by the 14th-century Italian poet Petrarch.

As an English name, Laura has been used since the 13th century. Famous bearers include Laura Secord (1775-1868), a Canadian heroine during the War of 1812, and Laura Ingalls Wilder (1867-1957), an American author who wrote the 'Little House on the Prairie' series of novels.

LAWRENCE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: LAW-rəns
Rating: 48% based on 4 votes
Variant of LAURENCE (1). This spelling of the name is now more common than Laurence in the English-speaking world, probably because Lawrence is the usual spelling of the surname. The surname was borne by the author and poet D. H. Lawrence (1885-1930), as well as the revolutionary T. E. Lawrence (1888-1935), who was known as Lawrence of Arabia.

LAZARUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: Λαζαρος (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: LAZ-ər-əs (English)
Rating: 52% based on 5 votes
Latinized form of Λαζαρος (Lazaros), a Greek form of ELEAZAR used in the New Testament. Lazarus was a man from Bethany, the brother of Mary and Martha, who was restored to life by Jesus.

LEAH
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: לֵאָה (Hebrew)
Pronounced: LEE-ə (English)
Rating: 54% based on 5 votes
From the Hebrew name לֵאָה (Le'ah) which was probably derived from the Hebrew word לְאָה (le'ah) meaning "weary". Alternatively it might derive from a Chaldean name meaning "mistress" or "ruler" in Akkadian. In the Old Testament Leah is the first wife of Jacob and the mother of seven of his children. Jacob's other wife was Leah's sister Rachel. Although this name was used by Jews in the Middle Ages, it was not typical as an English Christian name until after the Protestant Reformation, being common among the Puritans.

LEIF
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Pronounced: LAYF
Rating: 52% based on 6 votes
From the Old Norse name Leifr meaning "descendant, heir". Leif Eriksson was a Norse explorer who reached North America in the early 11th century. He was the son of Erik the Red.

LENORE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: lə-NAWR
Rating: 53% based on 7 votes
Short form of ELEANOR. This was the name of the departed love of the narrator in Edgar Allan Poe's poem 'The Raven' (1845).

LEO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, English, Croatian, Late Roman
Pronounced: LE-o (German, Danish, Finnish), LAY-o (Dutch), LEE-o (English)
Rating: 67% based on 6 votes
Derived from Latin leo meaning "lion", a cognate of LEON. It was popular among early Christians and was the name of 13 popes, including Saint Leo the Great who asserted the dominance of the Roman bishops (the popes) over all others in the 5th century. It was also borne by six Byzantine emperors and five Armenian kings. Another famous bearer was Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), a Russian novelist whose works include 'War and Peace' and 'Anna Karenina'. Leo is also the name of a constellation and the fifth sign of the zodiac.

LEON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, German, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Dutch, Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Λεων (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: LEE-awn (English), LE-awn (German, Polish, Slovene)
Rating: 58% based on 5 votes
Derived from Greek λεων (leon) meaning "lion". During the Christian era this Greek name was merged with the Latin cognate Leo, with the result that the two forms are used somewhat interchangeably across European languages. In England during the Middle Ages this was a common name among Jews. A famous bearer was Leon Trotsky (1879-1940), a Russian Communist revolutionary.

LEONIDAS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek, Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Λεωνιδας (Greek)
Rating: 47% based on 6 votes
Derived from Greek λεων (leon) meaning "lion" combined with the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides). Leonidas was a Spartan king of the 5th century BC who sacrificed his life and his army defending the pass of Thermopylae from the Persians. This was also the name of a 3rd-century saint and martyr, the father of Origen, from Alexandria.

LEOPOLD
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, Dutch, English, Slovene, Polish
Pronounced: LE-o-pawlt (German), LAY-o-pawlt (Dutch), LEE-ə-pold (English), le-AW-pawlt (Polish)
Rating: 68% based on 5 votes
Derived from the Germanic elements leud "people" and bald "bold". The spelling was altered due to association with Latin leo "lion". This name was common among German royalty, first with the Babenbergs and then the Habsburgs. Saint Leopold was a 12th-century Babenberg margrave of Austria, who is now considered the patron of that country. It was also borne by two Habsburg Holy Roman Emperors, as well as three kings of Belgium. Since the 19th century this name has been occasionally used in England, originally in honour of Queen Victoria's uncle, a king of Belgium, after whom she named one of her sons. It was later used by James Joyce for the main character, Leopold Bloom, in his novel 'Ulysses' (1920).

LEWIS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: LOO-is
Rating: 58% based on 5 votes
Medieval English form of LOUIS. A famous bearer was Lewis Carroll (1832-1898), the author of 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland'. This was also the surname of C. S. Lewis (1898-1963), the author of the 'Chronicles of Narnia'.

LÍADAN
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Irish
Pronounced: LEE-din
Rating: 90% based on 1 vote
Means "grey lady" in Irish Gaelic. In Irish legend she was a poetess who became a nun, but then missed her lover Cuirithir so much that she died of grief.

LILAC
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: LIE-lək
Rating: 52% based on 5 votes
From the name of the shrub with purple or white flowers. It is derived via Arabic from Persian.

LORELEI
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Germanic Mythology
Pronounced: LAWR-ə-lie (English)
Rating: 73% based on 4 votes
From a Germanic name meaning "luring rock". This is the name of a rock headland on the Rhine River. Legends say that a maiden named the Lorelei lives on the rock and lures fishermen to their death with her song.

LORNE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: LAWRN
Rating: 40% based on 4 votes
From the title 'Marquis of Lorne', which was based on the Scottish place name Lorne, itself possibly derived from the name of the legendary king of Dál Riata, Loarn mac Eirc. This was the title of the first Governor General of Canada, where it has since been most frequently used as a given name. A famous bearer was the Canadian actor Lorne Greene (1915-1987).

LOTUS
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: LO-təs
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
From the name of the lotus flower (species Nelumbo nucifera) or the mythological lotus tree. They are ultimately derived from Greek λωτος (lotos). In Greek and Roman mythology the lotus tree was said to produce a fruit causing sleepiness and forgetfulness.

LUCASTA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Literature
Rating: 53% based on 4 votes
This name was first used by the poet Richard Lovelace for a collection of poems called 'Lucasta' (1649). The poems were dedicated to Lucasta, a nickname for the woman he loved Lucy Sacheverel, who he called lux casta "pure light".

LUTHER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: LOO-thər
Rating: 56% based on 5 votes
From a German surname, itself from the Germanic given name LEUTHAR. The surname was borne by Martin Luther, a 16th-century monk and theologian, who started the Protestant Reformation by nailing his famous 95 theses to a church door. It has since been used as a given name in his honour, especially among Protestants. A notable bearer from the modern era was the American civil rights leader Martin Luther King (1929-1968).

LUX
Gender: Feminine & Masculine
Usage: Various
Pronounced: LUKS (English)
Rating: 68% based on 6 votes
Derived from Latin lux meaning "light".

LYDIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, German, Biblical, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: Λυδια (Ancient Greek), Лѷдіа (Church Slavic)
Pronounced: LID-ee-ə (English), LUY-dya (German)
Rating: 60% based on 7 votes
Means "from Lydia" in Greek. Lydia was a region on the west coast of Asia Minor, said to be named for the legendary king LYDOS. In the New Testament this is the name of a woman converted to Christianity by Saint Paul. In the modern era the name has been in use since the Protestant Reformation.

LYLE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: LIE-əl, LIEL
Rating: 48% based on 4 votes
From an English surname which was derived from Norman French l'isle "island".

LYSANDER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Λυσανδρος (Ancient Greek)
Rating: 70% based on 6 votes
Latinized form of the Greek name Λυσανδρος (Lysandros), derived from Greek λυσις (lysis) meaning "a release" and ανηρ (aner) meaning "man" (genitive ανδρος). This was the name of a notable 5th-century BC Spartan general and naval commander.

MADELEINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, English, Swedish
Pronounced: MAD-LEN (French), MAD-ə-lin (English), MAD-ə-lien (English), mahd-e-LEN (Swedish)
Rating: 59% based on 7 votes
French form of MAGDALENE.

MADELINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, French
Pronounced: MAD-ə-lin (English), MAD-ə-lien (English), MAD-LEEN (French)
Rating: 37% based on 7 votes
English form of MAGDALENE. This is the name of the heroine in a series of children's books by Ludwig Bemelmans, first published 1939.

MADELYN
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: MAD-ə-lin
Rating: 25% based on 8 votes
Variant of MADELINE.

MAE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: MAY
Rating: 72% based on 6 votes
Variant of MAY. A famous bearer was American actress Mae West (1893-1980), whose birth name was Mary.

MAEVE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Irish, Irish Mythology
Pronounced: MAYV (Irish)
Rating: 45% based on 6 votes
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Medb meaning "intoxicating". In Irish legend this was the name of a warrior queen of Connacht. Her fight against Ulster and the hero Cúchulainn is told in the Irish epic 'The Cattle Raid of Cooley'.

MAGDALENE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: German, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: Μαγδαληνη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: mak-da-LE-nə (German), MAG-də-leen (English)
Rating: 72% based on 6 votes
From a title which meant "of Magdala". Mary Magdalene, a character in the New Testament, was named thus because she was from Magdala - a village on the Sea of Galilee whose name meant "tower" in Hebrew. She was cleaned of evil spirits by Jesus and then remained with him during his ministry, witnessing the crucifixion and the resurrection. She was a popular saint in the Middle Ages, and the name became common then. In England it is traditionally rendered Madeline, while Magdalene or Magdalen is the learned form.

MAGNUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Late Roman
Pronounced: MAHNG-nus (Swedish), MAHNG-noos (Norwegian), MAG-nəs (English)
Rating: 42% based on 5 votes
Late Latin name meaning "great". It was borne by a 7th-century saint who was a missionary in Germany. It became popular in Scandinavia after the time of the 11th-century Norwegian king Magnus I, who was said to have been named after Charlemagne, or Carolus Magnus in Latin (however there was also a Norse name Magni). The name was borne by six subsequent kings of Norway as well as three kings of Sweden. It was imported to Scotland and Ireland during the Middle Ages.

MALACHI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: מַלְאָכִי (Hebrew)
Pronounced: MAL-ə-kie (English)
Rating: 70% based on 6 votes
From the Hebrew מַלְאָכִי (Mal'akhiy) meaning "my messenger" or "my angel". This is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Malachi, which some claim foretells the coming of Christ. In England the name came into use after the Protestant Reformation.

MARGARET
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: MAHR-grit, MAHR-gə-rit
Rating: 83% based on 7 votes
Derived from Latin Margarita, which was from Greek μαργαριτης (margarites) meaning "pearl", probably ultimately a borrowing from Sanskrit मञ्यरी (manyari). Saint Margaret, the patron of expectant mothers, was martyred at Antioch in the 4th century. Later legends told of her escape from a dragon, with which she was often depicted in medieval art. The saint was popular during the Middle Ages, and her name has been widely used in the Christian world.

Other saints by this name include a queen of Scotland and a princess of Hungary. It was also borne by Queen Margaret I of Denmark, who united Denmark, Sweden, and Norway in the 14th century. Famous literary bearers include American writer Margaret Mitchell (1900-1949), the author of 'Gone with the Wind', and Canadian writer Margaret Atwood (1939-).

MARTHA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, German, Greek, Biblical, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: Μαρθα (Greek), Марѳа (Church Slavic)
Pronounced: MAHR-thə (English), MAR-ta (German)
Rating: 44% based on 5 votes
From Aramaic מַרְתָּא (marta') meaning "the lady, the mistress", feminine form of מַר (mar) "master". In the New Testament this is the name of the sister of Lazarus and Mary of Bethany (who is sometimes identified with Mary Magdalene). She was a witness to Jesus restoring her dead brother to life.

The name was not used in England until after the Protestant Reformation. A notable bearer was Martha Washington (1731-1802), the wife of the first American president George Washington. It is also borne by the media personality Martha Stewart (1941-).

MATILDA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Swedish, Finnish
Pronounced: mə-TIL-də (English), MAH-teel-dah (Finnish)
Rating: 95% based on 8 votes
From the Germanic name Mahthildis meaning "strength in battle", from the elements maht "might, strength" and hild "battle". Saint Matilda was the wife of the 10th-century German king Henry I the Fowler. The name was common in many branches of European royalty in the Middle Ages. It was brought to England by the Normans, being borne by the wife of William the Conqueror himself. Another notable royal by this name was a 12th-century daughter of Henry I of England, known as the Empress Matilda because of her first marriage to the Holy Roman Emperor Henry V. She later invaded England, laying the foundations for the reign of her son Henry II.

The name was popular until the 15th century in England, usually in the vernacular form Maud. Both forms were revived by the 19th century. This name appears in the popular Australian folk song 'Waltzing Matilda', written in 1895.

MAUD
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Dutch
Pronounced: MAWD (English)
Rating: 45% based on 4 votes
Usual medieval form of MATILDA. Though it became rare after the 14th century, it was revived and once more grew popular in the 19th century, perhaps due to Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem 'Maud' (1855).

MAXINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: mak-SEEN
Rating: 58% based on 5 votes
Feminine form of MAX. It has been commonly used only since the beginning of the 20th century.

MAY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: MAY
Rating: 78% based on 4 votes
Derived from the name of the month of May, which derives from Maia, the name of a Roman goddess. May is also another name of the hawthorn flower. It is also used as a diminutive of MARY, MARGARET or MABEL.

MERCURY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
Pronounced: MURK-yə-ree (English)
Rating: 53% based on 4 votes
From the Latin Mercurius, probably derived from Latin mercari "to trade" or merces "wages". This was the name of the Roman god of trade, merchants, and travellers, later equated with the Greek god Hermes. This is also the name of the first planet in the solar system.

MERCY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: MUR-see
Rating: 75% based on 6 votes
From the English word mercy, ultimately from Latin merces "wages, reward", a derivative of merx "goods, wares". This was one of the virtue names adopted by the Puritans in the 17th century.

MEREDITH
Gender: Feminine & Masculine
Usage: Welsh, English
Pronounced: MER-ə-dith (English)
Rating: 58% based on 6 votes
From the Welsh name Maredudd or Meredydd, possibly meaning "great lord" or "sea lord". Since the mid-1920s it has been used more often for girls than for boys in English-speaking countries, though it is still a masculine name in Wales. A famous bearer of this name as surname was the English novelist and poet George Meredith (1828-1909).

MERYL
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: MERL, MER-əl
Rating: 42% based on 5 votes
Variant of MURIEL, influenced by the spelling of the name CHERYL. A famous bearer is American actress Meryl Streep (1949-), whose real name is Mary Louise Streep.

MIDORI
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Japanese
Other Scripts: , etc. (Japanese Kanji)
Pronounced: MEE-DO-REE
Rating: 50% based on 5 votes
From Japanese (midori) meaning "green", as well as other kanji or kanji combinations which have the same pronunciation.

MILES
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: MIELZ, MIE-əlz
Rating: 82% based on 5 votes
From the Germanic name Milo, introduced by the Normans to England in the form Miles. The meaning is not known for certain. It is possibly connected to the Slavic name element milu meaning "gracious". From an early date it was associated with Latin miles "soldier".

MINERVA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Roman Mythology, English
Pronounced: mi-NUR-və (English)
Rating: 58% based on 5 votes
Possibly derived from Latin mens meaning "intellect", but more likely of Etruscan origin. Minerva was the Roman goddess of wisdom and war, approximately equivalent to the Greek goddess Athena. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since after the Renaissance.

MIRANDA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Dutch
Pronounced: mə-RAN-də (English)
Rating: 68% based on 5 votes
Derived from Latin mirandus meaning "admirable, wonderful". The name was created by Shakespeare for the heroine in his play 'The Tempest' (1611), about a father and daughter stranded on an island. It did not become a common English given name until the 20th century. This is also the name of one of the moons of Uranus, named after the Shakespearian character.

MIRIAM
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Hebrew, English, German, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: מִרְיָם (Hebrew)
Pronounced: MIR-ee-əm (English), MI-ryam (German)
Rating: 63% based on 4 votes
Original Hebrew form of MARY. It is used in the Old Testament, where it belongs to the elder sister of Moses and Aaron. She watched over the infant Moses as the pharaoh's daughter drew him from the Nile. The name has long been popular among Jews, and it has been used as an English Christian name since the Protestant Reformation.

MOHINDER
Gender: Masculine & Feminine
Usage: Indian (Sikh)
Other Scripts: ਮੋਹਿੰਦਰ (Gurmukhi)
Rating: 44% based on 5 votes
Variant of MAHENDRA used by Sikhs.

MONTSERRAT
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Catalan
Pronounced: moon-sə-RAT
From the name of a mountain near Barcelona, the site of a monastery founded in the 10th century. The mountain gets its name from Latin mons serratus meaning "jagged mountain".

MORDECAI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Hebrew
Other Scripts: מָרְדֳּכַי (Hebrew)
Pronounced: MAWR-də-kie (English)
Rating: 58% based on 5 votes
Means "servant of MARDUK" in Persian. In the Old Testament Mordecai is the cousin and foster father of Esther. He thwarted a plot to kill the Persian king, though he made an enemy of the king's chief advisor Haman.

MORTIMER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: MAWR-ti-mər
Rating: 40% based on 5 votes
From an English surname which was derived from a place name meaning "still water" in Old French.

MOSES
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: מֹשֶׁה (Hebrew)
Pronounced: MOZ-is (English)
Rating: 62% based on 6 votes
From the Hebrew name מֹשֶׁה (Mosheh) which is most likely derived from Egyptian mes meaning "son", but could also possibly mean "deliver" in Hebrew. The meaning suggested in the Old Testament of "drew out" from Hebrew משה (mashah) is probably an invented etymology (see Exodus 2:10). The biblical Moses was drawn out of the Nile by the pharaoh's daughter and adopted into the royal family, at a time when the Israelites were slaves in Egypt. With his brother Aaron he demanded the pharaoh release the Israelites, which was only done after God sent ten plagues upon Egypt. Moses led the people across the Red Sea and to Mount Sinai, where he received the Ten Commandments from God. After 40 years of wandering in the desert the people reached Canaan, the Promised Land, but Moses died just before entering it.

In England, this name has been commonly used by Christians since the Protestant Reformation, though it had long been popular among Jews.

NAOMI (1)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Hebrew, Biblical
Other Scripts: נָעֳמִי (Hebrew)
Pronounced: nay-O-mee (English), nie-O-mee (English)
Rating: 56% based on 5 votes
From the Hebrew name נָעֳמִי (Na'omiy) meaning "pleasantness". In the Old Testament this is the name of the mother-in-law of Ruth. After the death of her husband and sons, she returned to Bethlehem with Ruth. There she declared that her name should be Mara (see Ruth 1:20).

Though long common as a Jewish name, Naomi was not typically used as an English Christian name until after the Protestant Reformation. A notable bearer is the British model Naomi Campbell (1970-).

NATHAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: נָתָן (Hebrew), Ναθαν (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: NAY-thən (English), NA-TAHN (French)
Rating: 55% based on 6 votes
From the Hebrew name נָתָן (Natan) meaning "he gave". In the Old Testament this is the name of a prophet during the reign of King David. He chastised David for his adultery with Bathsheba and for the death of Uriah the Hittite. Later he championed Solomon as David's successor. This was also the name of a son of David and Bathsheba.

It has been used as a Christian given name in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer was Nathan Hale (1755-1776), an American spy executed by the British during the American Revolution.

NATHANIEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Biblical
Other Scripts: נְתַנְאֵל (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: nə-THAN-yəl (English)
Rating: 54% based on 5 votes
Variant of NATHANAEL. It has been regularly used in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. This has been the most popular spelling, even though the spelling Nathanael is found in most versions of the New Testament. The American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864), author of 'The Scarlet Letter', was a famous bearer of this name.

NEIL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish, Scottish, English
Pronounced: NEEL (English)
Rating: 58% based on 5 votes
From the Gaelic name Niall, which is of disputed origin, possibly meaning "champion" or "cloud". This was the name of a semi-legendary 4th-century Irish king, Niall of the Nine Hostages.

In the early Middle Ages the name was adopted by Viking raiders and settlers in Ireland in the form Njal. The Vikings transmitted it to England and Scotland, as well as bringing it back to Scandinavia. It was also in use among the Normans, who were of Scandinavian origin. A famous bearer of this name was American astronaut Neil Armstrong (1930-2012), the first person to walk on the moon.

NELL
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: NEL
Rating: 33% based on 6 votes
Medieval diminutive of names beginning with El, such as ELEANOR, ELLEN (1) or HELEN. It may have arisen from the medieval affectionate phrase mine El, which was later reinterpreted as my Nel.

NEPTUNE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
Pronounced: NEP-toon (English), NEP-tyoon (English)
Rating: 43% based on 4 votes
From the Latin Neptunus, which is of unknown meaning, possibly related to the Indo-European root *nebh "wet, damp, clouds". Neptune was the god of the sea in Roman mythology, approximately equivalent to the Greek god Poseidon. This is also the name of the eighth planet in the solar system.

NIAMH
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Irish, Irish Mythology
Pronounced: NYEE-əv (Irish), NYEEV (Irish)
Rating: 57% based on 6 votes
Means "bright" in Irish. She was the daughter of the sea god in Irish legends. She fell in love with the poet Oisín, son of Fionn.

NILES
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: NIELZ
Rating: 53% based on 4 votes
From a surname which was derived from the given name NEIL.

NOA (1)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Hebrew, Biblical
Other Scripts: נוֹעָה (Hebrew)
Rating: 75% based on 6 votes
Hebrew form of NOAH (2).

NOBLE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: NO-bəl
Rating: 42% based on 5 votes
From an English surname meaning "noble, notable". The name can also be given in direct reference to the English word noble.

NOEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: NOL, NO-əl
Rating: 70% based on 6 votes
English form of NOËL.

NOOR (1)
Gender: Feminine & Masculine
Usage: Arabic, Urdu
Other Scripts: نور (Arabic, Urdu)
Pronounced: NOOR (Arabic)
Rating: 62% based on 5 votes
Variant transcription of NUR.

OCTAVIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Spanish, Ancient Roman
Pronounced: awk-TAY-vee-ə (English), ok-TA-bya (Spanish), ok-TA-wee-a (Classical Latin)
Rating: 62% based on 5 votes
Feminine form of OCTAVIUS. Octavia was the wife of Mark Antony and the sister of Roman emperor Augustus. In 19th-century England it was sometimes given to the eighth-born child.

OLIVE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AHL-iv
Rating: 44% based on 5 votes
From the English word for the type of tree, ultimately derived from Latin oliva.

OLIVER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Czech, Slovak
Other Scripts: Оливер (Serbian, Macedonian)
Pronounced: AWL-ə-vər (English), O-lee-vu (German), O-lee-ver (Finnish)
Rating: 71% based on 7 votes
From Olivier, a Norman French form of a Germanic name such as ALFHER or an Old Norse name such as Áleifr (see OLAF). The spelling was altered by association with Latin oliva "olive tree". In the Middle Ages the name became well-known in Western Europe because of the French epic 'La Chanson de Roland', in which Olivier was a friend and advisor of the hero Roland.

In England Oliver was a common medieval name, however it became rare after the 17th century because of the military commander Oliver Cromwell, who ruled the country following the civil war. The name was revived in the 19th century, perhaps in part due to the title character in Charles Dickens' novel 'Oliver Twist' (1838), which was about a poor orphan living on the streets of London.

OLIVIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Italian, Spanish, German, Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Pronounced: o-LIV-ee-ə (English), o-LEE-vya (Italian, German), o-LEE-bya (Spanish), O-lee-vee-ah (Finnish)
Rating: 55% based on 6 votes
This name was first used in this spelling by William Shakespeare for a character in his comedy 'Twelfth Night' (1602). Shakespeare may have based it on OLIVER or OLIVA, or perhaps directly on the Latin word oliva meaning "olive". In the play Olivia is a noblewoman who is wooed by Duke Orsino but instead falls in love with his messenger Cesario.

The name has been used in the English-speaking world since the 18th century, though it did not become overly popular until the last half of the 20th century. Its rise in popularity in America was precipitated by a character on the 1970s television series 'The Waltons'.

OLIVIER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French, Dutch
Pronounced: AW-LEE-VYE (French), O-lee-veer (Dutch)
Rating: 62% based on 6 votes
French and Dutch form of OLIVER.

OLYMPIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek, Slovak
Other Scripts: Ολυμπια (Greek)
Rating: 42% based on 5 votes
Feminine form of OLYMPOS.

OPAL
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: O-pəl
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
From the English word opal for the iridescent gemstone, the birthstone of October. The word ultimately derives from Sanskrit उपल (upala) meaning "jewel".

OPHELIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Literature
Pronounced: o-FEEL-yə (English)
Rating: 59% based on 7 votes
Derived from Greek οφελος (ophelos) meaning "help". This name was probably created by the 15th-century poet Jacopo Sannazaro for a character in his poem 'Arcadia'. It was borrowed by Shakespeare for his play 'Hamlet' (1600), in which it belongs to Hamlet's lover who eventually goes insane and drowns herself. In spite of this, the name has been used since the 19th century.

ORLANDO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: or-LAN-do
Rating: 58% based on 5 votes
Italian form of ROLAND. A city in Florida bears this name, as does a character in Shakespeare's play 'As You like It' (1599).

ORNELLA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian
Rating: 20% based on 1 vote
Created by the Italian author Gabriele d'Annunzio for his novel 'La Figlia di Jorio' (1904). It is derived from Tuscan Italian ornello meaning "flowering ash tree".

ORSINO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Rating: 40% based on 2 votes
Italian form of the Roman name Ursinus, itself derived from Ursus (see URS). This is the name of a character in Shakespeare's play 'Twelfth Night' (1602).

PANDORA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: Πανδωρα (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: PAN-DAW-RA (Classical Greek), pan-DAWR-ə (English)
Rating: 64% based on 5 votes
Means "all gifts", derived from a combination of Greek παν (pan) "all" and δωρον (doron) "gift". In Greek mythology Pandora was the first mortal woman. Zeus gave her a jar containing all of the troubles and ills that mankind now knows, and told her not to open it. Unfortunately her curiosity got the best of her and she opened it, unleashing the evil spirits into the world.

PATRICK
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish, English, French, German
Pronounced: PAT-rik (English), PA-TREEK (French), PA-trik (German)
Rating: 58% based on 5 votes
From the Latin name Patricius, which meant "nobleman". This name was adopted in the 5th-century by Saint Patrick, whose birth name was Sucat. He was a Romanized Briton who was captured and enslaved in his youth by Irish raiders. After six years of servitude he escaped home, but he eventually became a bishop and went back to Ireland as a missionary. He is traditionally credited with Christianizing the island, and is regarded as Ireland's patron saint.

In England and elsewhere in Europe during the Middle Ages this name was used in honour of the saint. However, it was not generally given in Ireland before the 17th century because it was considered too sacred for everyday use. It has since become very common there.

PAUL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Romanian, Biblical
Pronounced: PAWL (English, French), POWL (German)
Rating: 65% based on 4 votes
From the Roman family name Paulus, which meant "small" or "humble" in Latin. Paul was an important leader of the early Christian church. According to Acts in the New Testament, he was a Jewish Roman citizen who converted to Christianity after the resurrected Jesus appeared to him. After this he travelled the eastern Mediterranean as a missionary. His original Hebrew name was Saul. Many of the epistles in the New Testament were authored by him.

Due to the renown of Saint Paul the name became common among early Christians. It was borne by a number of other early saints and six popes. In England it was relatively rare during the Middle Ages, but became more frequent beginning in the 17th century. A notable bearer was the American Revolutionary War figure Paul Revere (1735-1818), who warned of the advance of the British army. Famous bearers in the art world include the French impressionists Paul Cezanne (1839-1906) and Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), and the Swiss expressionist Paul Klee (1879-1940). It is borne by British musician Paul McCartney (1942-). This is also the name of the legendary American lumberjack Paul Bunyan.

PAULA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: German, English, Finnish, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian, Hungarian, Polish, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Ancient Roman
Pronounced: POW-la (German, Spanish, Polish, Croatian), PAWL-ə (English), POW-lah (Finnish), POW-lə (Portuguese), PAW-oo-law (Hungarian)
Rating: 50% based on 4 votes
Feminine form of Paulus (see PAUL). This was the name of a 4th-century Roman saint who was a companion of Saint Jerome.

PENELOPE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology, English
Other Scripts: Πηνελοπη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: pi-NEL-ə-pee (English)
Rating: 78% based on 6 votes
Possibly derived from Greek πηνελοψ (penelops), a type of duck. Alternatively it could be from πηνη (pene) "threads, weft" and ωψ (ops) "face, eye". In Homer's epic the 'Odyssey' this is the name of the wife of Odysseus, forced to fend off suitors while her husband is away fighting at Troy. It has occasionally been used as an English given name since the 16th century.

PERDITA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Literature
Rating: 42% based on 5 votes
Derived from Latin perditus meaning "lost". Shakespeare created this name for the daughter of Hermione in his play 'The Winter's Tale' (1610).

PERSEPHONE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: Περσεφονη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: PER-SE-PO-NE (Classical Greek), pər-SEF-ə-nee (English)
Rating: 48% based on 5 votes
Meaning unknown, probably of Pre-Greek origin, but perhaps related to Greek περθω (pertho) "to destroy" and φονη (phone) "murder". In Greek myth she was the daughter of Demeter and Zeus. She was abducted to the underworld by Hades, but was eventually allowed to return to the surface for part of the year. The result of her comings and goings is the changing of the seasons.

PETER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Slovene, Slovak, Biblical
Pronounced: PEE-tər (English), PE-tu (German), PAY-tər (Dutch), PE-tər (Danish, Slovene), PE-ter (Slovak)
Rating: 55% based on 6 votes
Derived from the Greek Πετρος (Petros) meaning "stone". This is a translation used in most versions of the New Testament of the name Cephas, meaning "stone" in Aramaic, which was given to the apostle Simon by Jesus (compare Matthew 16:18 and John 1:42). Simon Peter was the most prominent of the apostles during Jesus' ministry and is often considered the first pope.

Due to the renown of the apostle, this name became common throughout the Christian world (in various spellings). In England the Normans introduced it in the Old French form Piers, which was gradually replaced by the spelling Peter starting in the 15th century.

Besides the apostle, other saints by this name include the 11th-century reformer Saint Peter Damian and the 13th-century preacher Saint Peter Martyr. It was also borne by rulers of Aragon, Portugal, and Russia, including the Russian tsar Peter the Great (1672-1725), who defeated Sweden in the Great Northern War. Famous fictional bearers include Peter Rabbit from Beatrix Potter's children's books, and Peter Pan, the boy who refused to grow up in J. M. Barrie's 1904 play.

PHILIP
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Biblical
Pronounced: FIL-ip (English), FEE-lip (Dutch)
Rating: 44% based on 5 votes
From the Greek name Φιλιππος (Philippos) which means "friend of horses", composed of the elements φιλος (philos) "friend, lover" and ‘ιππος (hippos) "horse". This was the name of five kings of Macedon, including Philip II the father of Alexander the Great. The name appears in the New Testament belonging to two people who are regarded as saints. First, one of the twelve apostles, and second, an early figure in the Christian church known as Philip the Deacon.

This name was initially more common among Eastern Christians, though it came to the West by the Middle Ages. It was borne by six kings of France and five kings of Spain. It was regularly used in England during the Middle Ages, although the Spanish king Philip II, who attempted an invasion of England, helped make it less common by the 17th century. It was revived in the English-speaking world in the 19th century. Famous bearers include the Elizabethan courtier and poet Sir Philip Sidney (1554-1586) and the American science fiction novelist Philip K. Dick (1928-1982).

PHILIPPA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (British), German
Pronounced: FI-li-pə (English)
Rating: 67% based on 6 votes
Latinate feminine form of PHILIP.

PILAR
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish
Pronounced: pee-LAR
Rating: 62% based on 5 votes
Means "pillar" in Spanish. It is taken from the title of the Virgin Mary, María del Pilar, meaning "Mary of the Pillar". According to legend, when Saint James the Greater was in Saragossa in Spain, the Virgin Mary appeared on a pillar.

PIPPA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: PIP-ə
Rating: 44% based on 5 votes
Diminutive of PHILIPPA.

PLUTO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized), Roman Mythology
Other Scripts: Πλουτων (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: PLOO-to (English)
Rating: 42% based on 5 votes
Latinized form of Greek Πλουτων (Plouton), derived from πλουτος (ploutos) meaning "wealth". This was an alternate name of Hades, the god of the underworld. This is also the name of a dwarf planet (formerly designated the ninth planet) in the solar system.

POMONA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Roman Mythology
Rating: 40% based on 5 votes
From Latin pomus "fruit tree". This was the name of the Roman goddess of fruit trees.

POPPY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (British)
Pronounced: PAH-pee
Rating: 66% based on 5 votes
From the word for the red flower, derived from Old English popæg.

POSIE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: PO-zee
Rating: 50% based on 4 votes
Variant of POSY.

PRIMROSE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: PRIM-roz
Rating: 58% based on 5 votes
From the English word for the flower, ultimately deriving from Latin prima rosa "first rose".

PROSERPINA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Roman Mythology
Rating: 42% based on 5 votes
Means "to emerge" in Latin. She was the Roman equivalent of the Greek goddess Persephone.

PROSPER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French, English
Pronounced: PRAWS-PER (French), PRAHS-pər (English)
Rating: 46% based on 5 votes
From the Latin name Prosperus, which meant "fortunate, successful". This was the name of a 5th-century saint, a supporter of Saint Augustine. It has never been common as an English name, though the Puritans used it, partly because it is identical to the English word prosper.

RAFA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Spanish
Pronounced: RA-fa
Spanish short form of RAFAEL.

RALPH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German
Pronounced: RALF (English, German), RAYF (British English)
Rating: 40% based on 4 votes
Contracted form of the Old Norse name RÁÐÚLFR (or its Norman form Radulf). Scandinavian settlers introduced it to England before the Norman conquest, though afterwards it was bolstered by Norman influence. In the Middle Ages it was usually spelled Ralf, but by the 17th century it was most commonly Rafe, reflecting the normal pronunciation. The Ralph spelling appeared in the 18th century. A famous bearer of the name was Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), an American poet and author who wrote on transcendentalism.

RAMONA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish, Romanian, English
Pronounced: ra-MO-na (Spanish), rə-MON-ə (English)
Rating: 73% based on 6 votes
Feminine form of RAMÓN. It was popularized in the English-speaking world by Helen Hunt Jackson's novel 'Ramona' (1884), as well as several subsequent movies based on the book.

RAPHAEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: רָפָאֵל, רְפָאֵל (Ancient Hebrew), Ραφαηλ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: RA-fa-el (German), ra-fie-EL (English), ra-fee-EL (English)
Rating: 80% based on 6 votes
From the Hebrew name רָפָאֵל (Rafa'el) which meant "God has healed". In Hebrew tradition Raphael was the name of one of the seven archangels. He appears in the Book of Tobit, in which he disguises himself as a man named Azarias and accompanies Tobias on his journey to Media, aiding him along the way. In the end he cures Tobias's father Tobit of his blindness. He is not mentioned in the New Testament, though tradition identifies him with the angel troubling the water in John 5:4.

This name has never been common in the English-speaking world, though it has been well-used elsewhere in Europe. A famous bearer was the 16th-century Renaissance master Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), usually known simply as Raphael.

RHYS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Welsh
Pronounced: HREES (Welsh), REES (English)
Rating: 77% based on 6 votes
Means "enthusiasm" in Welsh. Several Welsh rulers have borne this name.

ROHESIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Medieval English (Latinized)
Rating: 44% based on 5 votes
Latinized form of the medieval name Rohese (see ROSE).

ROLLO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: RAHL-o
Rating: 34% based on 5 votes
Latinized form of Roul, the Old French form of ROLF. Rollo (or Rolf) the Ganger was an exiled Viking who, in the 10th century, became the first Duke of Normandy. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the 19th century.

ROMAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Ukrainian, Slovene, Croatian, German
Other Scripts: Роман (Russian, Ukrainian)
Pronounced: ru-MAN (Russian), RAW-man (Polish)
Rating: 75% based on 6 votes
From the Late Latin name Romanus which meant "Roman".

RÓNÁN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish
Pronounced: RON-awn
Rating: 80% based on 7 votes
Means "little seal", derived from Irish rón "seal" combined with a diminutive suffix.

ROSA (1)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, German, English
Pronounced: RO-sa (Spanish), RAW-za (Italian), RAW-zu (Portuguese), RO-sah (Dutch), RO-za (German), RO-zə (English)
Rating: 33% based on 6 votes
Generally this can be considered a Latin form of ROSE, though originally it may have come from the Germanic name ROZA (2). This was the name of a 13th-century saint from Viterbo in Italy. In the English-speaking world it was first used in the 19th century. A famous bearer was civil rights activist Rosa Parks (1913-2005).

ROSALIE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, German, Dutch, English
Pronounced: RAW-ZA-LEE (French), ro-za-LEE (German), RO-zə-lee (English)
Rating: 69% based on 7 votes
French, German and Dutch form of ROSALIA. In the English-speaking this name received a boost after the release of the movie 'Rosalie' (1938), which was based on an earlier musical.

ROSAMUND
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: ROZ-ə-mund
Rating: 68% based on 6 votes
Derived from the Germanic elements hros "horse" and mund "protection". The Normans introduced this name to England. It was subsequently influenced by the Latin phrase rosa munda "pure rose". This was the name of the mistress of Henry II, the king of England in the 12th century. She was possibly murdered by his wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine.

ROSARIO
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish, Italian
Pronounced: ro-SA-ryo (Spanish), ro-ZA-ryo (Italian)
Rating: 42% based on 5 votes
Means "rosary", and is taken from the Spanish title of the Virgin Mary Nuestra Señora del Rosario meaning "Our Lady of the Rosary". This name is feminine in Spanish and masculine in Italian.

ROSE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, French
Pronounced: ROZ
Rating: 71% based on 7 votes
Originally a Norman form of a Germanic name, which was composed of the elements hrod "fame" and heid "kind, sort, type". The Normans introduced it to England in the forms Roese and Rohese. From an early date it was associated with the word for the fragrant flower rose (derived from Latin rosa). When the name was revived in the 19th century, it was probably with the flower in mind.

ROSEMARY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: ROZ-mə-ree
Rating: 62% based on 5 votes
Combination of ROSE and MARY. This name can also be given in reference to the herb, which gets its name from Latin ros marinus meaning "dew of the sea". It came into use as a given name in the 19th century.

ROSWITHA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: German
Pronounced: raws-VEE-ta
Rating: 43% based on 3 votes
Derived from the Germanic elements hrod "fame" and swinth "strength". This was the name of a 10th-century nun from Saxony who wrote several notable poems.

ROWENA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: ro-EE-nə
Rating: 55% based on 4 votes
Meaning uncertain, possibly a Latinized form of a Germanic name derived from the elements hrod "fame" and wunn "joy, bliss". According to the 12th-century chronicler Geoffrey of Monmouth, this was the name of a daughter of the Saxon chief Hengist. It was popularized by Sir Walter Scott, who used it for a character in his novel 'Ivanhoe' (1819).

RUBY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: ROO-bee
Rating: 58% based on 4 votes
Simply from the name of the precious stone (which ultimately derives from Latin ruber "red"), which is the birthstone of July. It came into use as a given name in the 19th century.

RUE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: ROO
Rating: 70% based on 1 vote
From the name of the bitter medicinal herb, ultimately deriving from Greek ‘ρυτη (rhyte). This is also sometimes used as a short form of RUTH (1).

RUFUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Roman, English, Biblical
Pronounced: ROO-fəs (English)
Rating: 72% based on 5 votes
Roman cognomen which meant "red-haired" in Latin. Several early saints had this name, including one mentioned in one of Paul's epistles in the New Testament. As a nickname it was used by William II Rufus, a king of England, because of his red hair. It came into general use in the English-speaking world after the Protestant Reformation.

RUPERT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, Dutch, English
Pronounced: ROO-pert (German), RUY-pərt (Dutch), ROO-pərt (English)
Rating: 83% based on 4 votes
German variant form of ROBERT. The military commander Prince Rupert of the Rhine, a nephew of Charles I, introduced this name to England in the 17th century.

RUPINDER
Gender: Masculine & Feminine
Usage: Indian (Sikh)
Other Scripts: ਰੁਪਿੰਦਰ (Gurmukhi)
Rating: 43% based on 4 votes
Means "greatest beauty" from Sanskrit रूप (rupa) meaning "beauty, form" combined with the name of the Hindu god INDRA, used here to mean "greatest".

RUTH (1)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Spanish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: רוּת (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: ROOTH (English), ROOT (German)
Rating: 60% based on 5 votes
From a Hebrew name which was derived from the Hebrew word רְעוּת (re'ut) meaning "friend". This is the name of the central character in the Book of Ruth in the Old Testament. She was a Moabite woman who accompanied her mother-in-law Naomi back to Bethlehem after Ruth's husband died. There she met and married Boaz. She was an ancestor of King David.

As a Christian name, Ruth has been in use since the Protestant Reformation. It became very popular in America following the birth of "Baby" Ruth Cleveland (1891-1904), the daughter of President Grover Cleveland.

SANTIAGO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Spanish, Portuguese
Pronounced: san-TYA-gho (Spanish)
Rating: 68% based on 4 votes
Means "Saint James", derived from Spanish santo "saint" combined with Yago, an old Spanish form of JAMES, the patron saint of Spain. This is the name of the capital city of Chile, as well as several other cities in the Spanish-speaking world.

SARAH
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, French, German, Hebrew, Arabic, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: שָׂרָה (Hebrew), سارة (Arabic)
Pronounced: SER-ə (English), SAR-ə (English), SA-RA (French), ZA-ra (German), SA:-ra (Arabic)
Rating: 72% based on 6 votes
Means "lady, princess, noblewoman" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of Abraham's wife, considered the matriarch of the Jewish people. She was barren until she unexpectedly became the pregnant with Isaac at the age of 90. Her name was originally Sarai, but God changed it at the same time Abraham's name was changed (see Genesis 17:15).

In England, Sarah came into use after the Protestant Reformation. A notable bearer was Sarah Churchill (1660-1744), an influential British duchess and a close friend of Queen Anne.

SATURN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
Pronounced: SA-tərn (English)
Rating: 43% based on 3 votes
From the Latin Saturnus, which is of unknown meaning. In Roman mythology he was the father of Jupiter, Juno and others, and was also the god of agriculture. This is also the name of the ringed sixth planet in the solar system.

SCHEHERAZADE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Literature
Pronounced: shə-HER-ə-zahd (English)
Rating: 64% based on 5 votes
Anglicized form of SHAHRAZAD.

SERENA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Italian, Late Roman
Pronounced: sə-REEN-ə (English), se-RE-na (Italian)
Rating: 47% based on 3 votes
From a Late Latin name which was derived from Latin serenus meaning "clear, tranquil, serene". This name was borne by an obscure early saint. Edmund Spenser also used it in his poem 'The Faerie Queene' (1590).

SETH (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: שֵׁת (Ancient Hebrew), Σηθ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: SETH (English)
Rating: 75% based on 4 votes
Means "placed" or "appointed" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the third named son of Adam and Eve. In England this name came into use after the Protestant Reformation.

SEYMOUR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: SEE-mawr
Rating: 50% based on 3 votes
From a Norman surname which originally belonged to a person coming from the French town of Saint Maur (which means "Saint MAURUS").

SHEBA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: שְׁבָא (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: SHEE-bə (English)
Rating: 35% based on 4 votes
Means "oath" in Hebrew. This is the name of several characters in the Old Testament. Also in the Bible, this is a place name, referring to a region in Ethiopia. The queen of Sheba visited Solomon after hearing of his wisdom.

SHEM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: שֵׁם (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: SHEM (English)
Rating: 38% based on 4 votes
Means "name" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Shem is one of Noah's three sons (along with Japheth and Ham) and the ancestor of the Semitic peoples.

SIGRID
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Estonian, Finnish (Archaic)
Pronounced: SEEG-reed (Finnish)
Rating: 70% based on 5 votes
From the Old Norse name Sigríðr, which was derived from the elements sigr "victory" and fríðr "beautiful, fair".

SILVESTER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Dutch, English, Slovene, Slovak, German, Late Roman
Pronounced: sil-VES-tər (English), zil-VES-tu (German)
Rating: 57% based on 3 votes
From a Roman name meaning "of the forest" from Latin silva "wood, forest". This was the name of three popes, including Saint Silvester I who supposedly baptized the first Christian Roman emperor, Constantine the Great. As an English name, Silvester (or Sylvester) has been in use since the Middle Ages, though it became less common after the Protestant Reformation.

SILVIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, English, German, Late Roman, Roman Mythology
Pronounced: SEEL-vya (Italian), SEEL-bya (Spanish), SIL-vee-ə (English), ZIL-vya (German)
Rating: 43% based on 3 votes
Feminine form of SILVIUS. Rhea Silvia was the mother of Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome. This was also the name of a 6th-century saint, the mother of the pope Gregory the Great. It has been a common name in Italy since the Middle Ages. It was introduced to England by Shakespeare, who used it for a character in his play 'The Two Gentlemen of Verona' (1594). It is now more commonly spelled Sylvia in the English-speaking world.

SINJIN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Rare)
Rating: 47% based on 3 votes
Variant of the name St. John (see JOHN).

SOLEDAD
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish
Pronounced: so-le-DHADH
Rating: 50% based on 3 votes
Means "solitude" in Spanish. It is taken from the title of the Virgin Mary, María de Soledad, meaning "Mary of Solitude".

SOLOMON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, English, Jewish
Other Scripts: שְׁלֹמֹה (Hebrew)
Pronounced: SAHL-ə-mən (American English), SAWL-ə-mən (British English)
Rating: 48% based on 4 votes
From the Hebrew name שְׁלֹמֹה (Shelomoh) which was derived from Hebrew שָׁלוֹם (shalom) "peace". As told in the Old Testament, Solomon was a king of Israel, the son of David and Bathsheba. He was renowned for his wisdom and wealth. Towards the end of his reign he angered God by turning to idolatry. Supposedly, he was the author of the Book of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and the Song of Solomon.

This name has never been overly common in the Christian world, and it is considered typically Jewish. It was however borne by an 11th-century Hungarian king.

SONJA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian
Other Scripts: Соња (Serbian, Macedonian)
Pronounced: ZAWN-ya (German), SON-yah (Finnish)
Rating: 40% based on 3 votes
Form of SONYA.

STEPHEN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Biblical
Pronounced: STEEV-ən (English), STEF-ən (English)
Rating: 50% based on 3 votes
From the Greek name Στεφανος (Stephanos) meaning "crown", more precisely "that which surrounds". Saint Stephen was a deacon who was stoned to death, as told in Acts in the New Testament. He is regarded as the first Christian martyr. Due to him, the name became common in the Christian world. It was popularized in England by the Normans.

This was the name of kings of England, Serbia, and Poland, as well as ten popes. It was also borne by the first Christian king of Hungary (11th century), who is regarded as the patron saint of that country. More recent bearers include British physicist Stephen Hawking (1942-) and the American author Stephen King (1947-).

SUMMER
Gender: Feminine & Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: SUM-ər
Rating: 70% based on 4 votes
From the name of the season, ultimately from Old English sumor. It has been in use as a given name since the 1970s.

SUSANNA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, Swedish, Finnish, Russian, Dutch, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Old Church Slavic
Other Scripts: Сусанна (Russian), שׁוֹשַׁנָּה (Ancient Hebrew), Сѹсанна (Church Slavic)
Pronounced: soo-ZAN-na (Italian), SOO-sahn-nah (Finnish), suw-SAN-nə (Russian), soo-ZAN-ə (English)
Rating: 73% based on 3 votes
From Σουσαννα (Sousanna), the Greek form of the Hebrew name שׁוֹשַׁנָּה (Shoshannah). This was derived from the Hebrew word שׁוֹשָׁן (shoshan) meaning "lily" (in modern Hebrew this also means "rose"), perhaps ultimately from Egyptian sšn "lotus". In the Old Testament Apocrypha this is the name of a woman falsely accused of adultery. The prophet Daniel clears her name by tricking her accusers, who end up being condemned themselves. It also occurs in the New Testament belonging to a woman who ministers to Jesus.

As an English name, it was occasionally used during the Middle Ages in honour of the Old Testament heroine. It did not become common until after the Protestant Reformation, at which time it was often spelled Susan.

SYLVIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, German
Pronounced: SIL-vee-ə (English), SUYL-vee-ah (Finnish)
Rating: 47% based on 3 votes
Variant of SILVIA. This has been the most common English spelling since the 19th century.

TADHG
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish, Scottish
Pronounced: TIEG
Rating: 48% based on 4 votes
Means "poet" in Irish. This was the name of an 11th-century king of Connacht.

TAMSIN
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (British)
Pronounced: TAM-sin
Rating: 60% based on 5 votes
Contracted form of THOMASINA. It was traditionally used in Cornwall.

TATIANA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Polish, Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Greek, Georgian, English, Russian, Bulgarian, Ancient Roman
Other Scripts: Τατιανα (Greek), ტატიანა (Georgian), Татьяна (Russian), Татяна (Bulgarian)
Pronounced: ta-TYA-na (Italian, Spanish, Polish), TAH-tee-ah-nah (Finnish), ta-tee-AN-ə (English), ta-TYAN-ə (English), tu-TYA-nə (Russian)
Rating: 66% based on 5 votes
Feminine form of the Roman name Tatianus, a derivative of the Roman name TATIUS. This was the name of a 3rd-century saint who was martyred in Rome under the emperor Alexander Severus. She was especially venerated in Orthodox Christianity, and the name has been common in Russia (as Татьяна) and Eastern Europe. It was not regularly used in the English-speaking world until the 1980s.

TAVISH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Scottish
Rating: 58% based on 4 votes
Anglicized form of Thàmhais, vocative case of TÀMHAS. Alternatively it could be taken from the Scottish surname MacTavish, Anglicized form of Mac Tàmhais, meaning "son of Thomas".

TEMPERANCE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Archaic)
Pronounced: TEM-prənts, TEM-pər-ənts
Rating: 56% based on 5 votes
From the English word meaning "moderation" or "restraint". This was one of the virtue names adopted by the Puritans in the 17th century.

TERESA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Polish, Finnish, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English
Pronounced: te-RE-sa (Spanish, Polish), te-RE-za (Italian, German), TE-re-sah (Finnish), tə-REE-sə (English), tə-REE-zə (English)
Rating: 63% based on 3 votes
Cognate of THERESA. Saint Teresa of Ávila was a 16th-century Spanish nun who reformed the Carmelite monasteries and wrote several spiritual books. It was also borne by the beatified Albanian missionary Mother Teresa (1910-1997), who worked with the poor in Calcutta. She adopted the name in honour of the French saint Thérèse de Lisieux, who is the patron of missionaries.

THEKLA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: German (Rare), Greek (Rare), Late Greek
Other Scripts: Θεκλα (Greek)
Rating: 72% based on 5 votes
From the ancient Greek name Θεοκλεια (Theokleia), which meant "glory of God" from the Greek elements θεος (theos) meaning "god" and κλεος (kleos) meaning "glory". This was the name of a 1st-century saint, appearing (as Θεκλα) in the apocryphal 'Acts of Paul and Thecla'. The story tells how Thecla listens to Paul speak about the virtues of chastity and decides to remain a virgin, angering both her mother and her suitor.

THEODORE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: THEE-ə-dawr
Rating: 74% based on 5 votes
From the Greek name Θεοδωρος (Theodoros), which meant "gift of god" from Greek θεος (theos) "god" and δωρον (doron) "gift". The name Dorothea is derived from the same roots in reverse order. This was the name of several saints, including Theodore of Amasea, a 4th-century Greek soldier; Theodore of Tarsus, a 7th-century archbishop of Canterbury; and Theodore the Studite, a 9th-century Byzantine monk. It was also borne by two popes.

This was a common name in classical Greece, and, due to both the saints who carried it and the favourable meaning, it came into general use in the Christian world, being especially popular among Eastern Christians. It was however rare in Britain before the 19th century. Famous bearers include three tsars of Russia (in the Russian form Fyodor) and American president Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919).

THERESA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Pronounced: tə-REE-sə (English), tə-RAY-zə (English), te-RE-za (German)
Rating: 75% based on 4 votes
From the Spanish and Portuguese name Teresa. It was first recorded as Therasia, being borne by the Spanish wife of Saint Paulinus of Nola in the 4th century. The meaning is uncertain, but it could be derived from Greek θερος (theros) "summer", from Greek θεριζω (therizo) "to harvest", or from the name of the Greek island of Therasia (the western island of Santorini).

The name was mainly confined to Spain and Portugal during the Middle Ages. After the 16th century it was spread to other parts of the Christian world, due to the fame of the Spanish nun and reformer Saint Teresa of Ávila. Another famous bearer was the Austrian Habsburg queen Maria Theresa (1717-1780), who inherited the domains of her father, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, beginning the War of the Austrian Succession.

THOMAS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Greek, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: Θωμας (Greek)
Pronounced: TAHM-əs (American English), TAWM-əs (British English), TAW-MA (French), TO-mas (German), TO-mahs (Dutch), tho-MAHS (Greek)
Rating: 87% based on 3 votes
Greek form of the Aramaic name תָּאוֹמָא (Ta'oma') which meant "twin". In the New Testament this is the name of an apostle. When he heard that Jesus had risen from the dead he initially doubted the story, until Jesus appeared before him and he examined his wounds himself. According to tradition he was martyred in India. Due to his renown, the name came into general use in the Christian world.

In England the name was introduced by the Normans and became very popular due to Saint Thomas Becket, a 12th-century archbishop of Canterbury and martyr. Another notable saint by this name was the 13th-century Italian philosopher and theologian Thomas Aquinas, who is regarded as a Doctor of the Church. Other famous bearers include philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), American president Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), novelist Thomas Hardy (1840-1928), and inventor Thomas Edison (1847-1931).

TIAGO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Portuguese
Rating: 58% based on 4 votes
Portuguese form of JAMES, derived from SANTIAGO.

TOMER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: תּוֹמֶר (Hebrew)
Rating: 47% based on 3 votes
Means "palm tree" in Hebrew.

TYBALT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Literature
Rating: 43% based on 3 votes
Medieval form of THEOBALD. This is the name of a cousin of Juliet killed by Romeo in Shakespeare's drama 'Romeo and Juliet' (1596).

TYCHO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Danish, Dutch
Pronounced: TIE-ko (English)
Rating: 45% based on 4 votes
Latinized form of TYGE. This name was borne by the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601).

TYRONE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: tie-RON
Rating: 23% based on 4 votes
From the name of a county in Northern Ireland which is derived from Irish Gaelic Tir Eoghain meaning "land of EOGHAN". This name was popularized by American actor Tyrone Power (1914-1958), who was named after his great-grandfather, an Irish actor.

TZIPORAH
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: צִפּוֹרָה (Hebrew)
Rating: 37% based on 3 votes
Variant transcription of TZIPPORAH.

ULYSSES
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Roman Mythology, English
Pronounced: yoo-LIS-eez (American English), YOOL-i-seez (British English)
Rating: 43% based on 3 votes
Latin form of ODYSSEUS. It was borne by Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), the commander of the Union forces during the American Civil War, who went on to become an American president. Irish author James Joyce used it as the title of his book 'Ulysses' (1920), which loosely parallels Homer's epic the 'Odyssey'.

URSULA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Finnish, Late Roman
Pronounced: UR-sə-lə (English), UR-syə-lə (English), UWR-zoo-la (German), OOR-soo-lah (Finnish)
Rating: 45% based on 4 votes
Means "little bear", derived from a diminutive form of the Latin word ursa "she-bear". Saint Ursula was a legendary virgin princess of the 4th century who was martyred by the Huns while returning from a pilgrimage. In England the saint was popular during the Middle Ages, and the name came into general use at that time.

VALENTINE (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: VAL-ən-tien
Rating: 58% based on 5 votes
From the Roman cognomen Valentinus which was itself from the name Valens meaning "strong, vigourous, healthy" in Latin. Saint Valentine was a 3rd-century martyr. His feast day was the same as the Roman fertility festival of Lupercalia, which resulted in the association between Valentine's day and love. As an English name, it has been used occasionally since the 12th century.

VANESSA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Italian, Portuguese, German, Dutch
Pronounced: və-NES-ə (English), va-NE-sa (German)
Rating: 63% based on 4 votes
Invented by author Jonathan Swift for his poem 'Cadenus and Vanessa' (1726). He arrived at it by rearranging the initial syllables of the first name and surname of Esther Vanhomrigh, his close friend. Vanessa was later used as the name of a genus of butterfly. It was a rare given name until the mid-20th century, at which point it became fairly popular.

VERONICA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
Pronounced: və-RAHN-i-kə (American English), və-RAWN-i-kə (British English)
Rating: 50% based on 4 votes
Latin alteration of BERENICE, the spelling influenced by the ecclesiastical Latin phrase vera icon meaning "true image". This was the name of a legendary saint who wiped Jesus' face with a towel and then found his image imprinted upon it. Due to popular stories about her, the name was occasionally used in the Christian world in the Middle Ages. It was borne by the 17th-century Italian saint and mystic Veronica Giuliani. As an English name, it was not common until the 19th century, when it was imported from France and Scotland.

VESPERA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Esperanto
Pronounced: ves-PE-ra
Rating: 27% based on 3 votes
Means "of the evening" in Esperanto.

VICTOR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, Portuguese, Romanian, Dutch, Swedish, Late Roman
Pronounced: VIK-tər (English), VEEK-TAWR (French)
Rating: 55% based on 4 votes
Roman name meaning "victor, conqueror" in Latin. It was common among early Christians, and was borne by several early saints and three popes. It was rare as an English name during the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century. A famous bearer was the French writer Victor Hugo (1802-1885), who authored 'The Hunchback of Notre Dame' and 'Les Misérables'.

VINCENT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Slovak
Pronounced: VIN-sənt (English), VEN-SAHN (French)
Rating: 70% based on 5 votes
From the Roman name Vincentius, which was from Latin vincere "to conquer". This name was popular among early Christians, and it was borne by many saints. As an English name, Vincent has been in use since the Middle Ages, though it did not become common until the 19th century. Famous bearers include the French priest Saint Vincent de Paul (1581-1660) and the post-impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890).

VIOLA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Hungarian, Czech
Pronounced: vie-O-lə (English), vi-O-lə (English), VIE-ə-lə (English), VYAW-la (Italian), VYO-la (German), VEE-o-law (Hungarian)
Rating: 54% based on 5 votes
Means "violet" in Latin. This was the name of the heroine in Shakespeare's play 'Twelfth Night' (1602).

VIRGINIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Romanian, Ancient Roman
Pronounced: vər-JIN-yə (English), veer-JEE-nya (Italian), beer-KHEE-nya (Spanish)
Rating: 43% based on 4 votes
Feminine form of the Roman family name Verginius or Virginius which is of unknown meaning, but long associated with Latin virgo "maid, virgin". According to a legend, it was the name of a Roman woman killed by her father so as to save her from the clutches of a crooked official.

This was the name of the first English baby born in the New World: Virginia Dare in 1587 on Roanoke Island. Perhaps because of this, the name has generally been more popular in America than elsewhere in the English-speaking world, though in both Britain and America it was not often used until the 19th century. The baby was named after the Colony of Virginia, which was itself named for Elizabeth I, the Virgin Queen. A more recent bearer was the English novelist Virginia Woolf (1882-1941).

VIVIEN (2)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Literature
Rating: 38% based on 4 votes
Used by Alfred Lord Tennyson as the name of the Lady of the Lake in his Arthurian epic 'Idylls of the King' (1859). Tennyson may have based it on VIVIENNE, but it possibly arose as a misreading of NINIAN. A famous bearer was British actress Vivien Leigh (1913-1967), who played Scarlett O'Hara in 'Gone with the Wind'.

WENCESLAS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: History
Pronounced: WEN-səs-laws (English)
Rating: 28% based on 5 votes
Latinized form of Veceslav (see VÁCLAV).

WICKANINNISH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Native American, Nuu-chah-nulth
Pronounced: wik-ə-NIN-ish (English)
Rating: 13% based on 3 votes
Possibly means "having no one in front of him in the canoe" in the Nuu-chah-nulth (or Nootka) language. This was the name of a chief of the Clayoquot in the late 18th century, at the time of European contact.

WILHELMINA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Dutch, German, English
Pronounced: vil-hel-MEE-nah (Dutch), vil-hel-MEE-na (German)
Rating: 64% based on 5 votes
Dutch and German feminine form of WILHELM. This name was borne by a queen of the Netherlands (1880-1962).

WILLOW
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Modern)
Pronounced: WIL-o
Rating: 38% based on 6 votes
From the name of the tree, which is ultimately derived from Old English welig.

WOLFGANG
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, Ancient Germanic
Pronounced: VAWLF-gang (German), WUWLF-gang (English)
Rating: 80% based on 1 vote
Derived from the Germanic elements wulf meaning "wolf" and gang "path". Two famous bearers of this name were Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) and German novelist and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832).

XANTHE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Ξανθη (Ancient Greek)
Rating: 47% based on 6 votes
Derived from Greek ξανθος (xanthos) meaning "yellow" or "fair hair". This was the name of a few minor figures in Greek mythology.

XAVIER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, Portuguese, Catalan, Spanish (Archaic)
Pronounced: ZAY-vyər (English), ig-ZAY-vyər (English), GZA-VYE (French), sha-VYER (Portuguese)
Rating: 36% based on 5 votes
Derived from the Basque place name Etxeberria meaning "the new house". This was the surname of the Jesuit priest Saint Francis Xavier (1506-1552) who was borne in a village of this name. He was a missionary to India, Japan, China, and other areas in East Asia, and he is the patron saint of the Orient and missionaries. His surname has since been adopted as a given name in his honour, chiefly among Catholics.

XOCHIPILLI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Aztec and Toltec Mythology
Rating: 22% based on 5 votes
Means "flower prince" in Nahuatl. He was the Aztec god of love, flowers, song and games, the twin brother of Xochiquetzal.

XOCHIQUETZAL
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Aztec and Toltec Mythology
Rating: 26% based on 5 votes
Means "flower feather" in Nahuatl. This was the name of the Aztec goddess of love, flowers and the earth, the twin sister of Xochipilli.

YVES
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: EEV
Rating: 48% based on 4 votes
Medieval French form of IVO (1). This was the name of two French saints: an 11th-century bishop of Chartres and a 13th-century parish priest and lawyer, also known as Ivo of Kermartin, the patron saint of Brittany.

ZACCHAEUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: Ζακχαιος (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: za-KEE-əs (English)
Rating: 53% based on 6 votes
From Ζακχαιος (Zakchaios), the Greek form of ZACCAI. In the New Testament he is a tax collector in Jericho who gives half his possessions to charity.

ZELDA (1)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Yiddish
Other Scripts: זֶעלְדָא (Yiddish)
Rating: 70% based on 3 votes
Feminine form of SELIG.

ZELDA (2)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: ZEL-də
Rating: 70% based on 6 votes
Short form of GRISELDA.

ZENOBIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Ζηνοβια (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: ZDE-NO-BEE-A (Classical Greek), zə-NO-bee-ə (English)
Rating: 0% based on 1 vote
Means "life of Zeus", derived from Greek Ζηνο (Zeno), a prefix form of the name of ZEUS, combined with βιος (bios) "life". This was the name of a 3rd-century queen of Palmyra. After claiming the title 'Queen of the East' and expanding her realm into Roman territory she was defeated by emperor Aurelian.

ZORA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian
Other Scripts: Зора (Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian)
Rating: 45% based on 4 votes
From a South and West Slavic word meaning "dawn, aurora".
Copyright © Mike Campbell 1996-2017.