ASLBankes's Personal Name List

ADDISON

Gender: Masculine & Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: AD-i-sən

From an English surname meaning "son of ADAM". Its recent popularity as a feminine name stems from its similarity in sound to Madison.

ADERYN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Welsh

Means "bird" in Welsh. This is a modern Welsh name.

ÁEDÁN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Ancient Irish, Irish Mythology

Older form of AODHÁN. This was the name of a 6th-century king of the Scots.

AERONWEN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Welsh

Combination of AERON (1) and the suffix gwen meaning "white, fair, blessed".

AIDAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish, Scottish, English (Modern)

Pronounced: AY-dən

Anglicized form of AODHÁN. In the latter part of the 20th century it became popular in America due to its sound, since it uses the same fashionable aden suffix sound found in such names as Braden and Hayden.

AILILL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish, Irish Mythology

Pronounced: AL-yil

Means "elf" in Irish Gaelic. This name occurs frequently in Irish legend, borne for example by the husband of queen Medb.

ALEXANDER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Hungarian, Slovak, Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)

Other Scripts: Αλεξανδρος (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: al-əg-ZAN-dər (English), ah-lek-SAHN-der (German), ah-lək-SAHN-dər (Dutch)

Latinized form of the Greek name Αλεξανδρος (Alexandros), which meant "defending men" from Greek αλεξω (alexo) "to defend, help" and ανηρ (aner) "man" (genitive ανδρος). In Greek mythology this was another name of the hero Paris, and it also belongs to several characters in the New Testament. However, the most famous bearer was Alexander the Great, King of Macedon. In the 4th century BC he built a huge empire out of Greece, Egypt, Persia, and parts of India. Due to his fame, and later medieval tales involving him, use of his name spread throughout Europe.

The name has been used by kings of Scotland, Poland and Yugoslavia, emperors of Russia, and eight popes. Other notable bearers include English poet Alexander Pope (1688-1744), American statesman Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804), Scottish-Canadian explorer Sir Alexander MacKenzie (1764-1820), Russian poet Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837), and Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922), the Scottish-Canadian-American inventor of the telephone.

ANAÏS

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Occitan, Catalan, French

Pronounced: a-na-EES (French)

Occitan and Catalan form of ANNA

ANDRAS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh

Welsh variant of ANDREAS

ANDREW

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Biblical

Pronounced: AN-droo (English)

From the Greek name Ανδρεας (Andreas), which was derived from ανηρ (aner) "man" (genitive ανδρος (andros) "of a man"). In the New Testament the apostle Andrew, the first disciple to join Jesus, is the brother of Simon Peter. According to tradition, he later preached in the Black Sea region, with some legends saying he was crucified on an X-shaped cross. Andrew, being a Greek name, was probably only a nickname or a translation of his real Hebrew name, which is not known.

This name has been common (in various spellings) throughout the Christian world, and it became very popular in the Middle Ages. Saint Andrew is regarded as the patron of Scotland, Russia, Greece and Romania. The name has been borne by three kings of Hungary, American president Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), and, more recently, English composer Andrew Lloyd Webber (1948-).

ANNA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Czech, Slovak, Bulgarian, Icelandic, Catalan, Occitan, Breton, Biblical, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek

Other Scripts: Αννα (Greek), Анна (Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Church Slavic)

Pronounced: AN-a (English), AHN-nah (Italian, Dutch, Polish), AH-nah (German, Russian)

Form of Channah (see HANNAH) used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament. Many later Old Testament translations, including the English, use the Hannah spelling. The name appears briefly in the New Testament belonging to a prophetess who recognized Jesus as the Messiah. It was a popular name in the Byzantine Empire from an early date, and in the Middle Ages it became common among Western Christians due to veneration of Saint Anna (usually known as Saint Anne in English), the name traditionally assigned to the mother of the Virgin Mary. In the English-speaking world, this form came into general use in the 18th century, joining Ann and Anne.

The name was borne by several Russian royals, including an 18th-century empress of Russia. It was also the name of the main character in Leo Tolstoy's novel 'Anna Karenina' (1877), a woman forced to choose between her son and her lover.

ANWEN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Welsh

Means "very beautiful" in Welsh.

ARDEN

Gender: Masculine & Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: AHR-dən

From an English surname, originally taken from various place names, which were derived from a Celtic word meaning "high".

ASTON

Gender: Masculine & Feminine

Usage: English (Rare)

Pronounced: AS-tən

From a surname which was originally derived from a place name which meant "east town" in Old English.

BENJAMIN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, French, German, Dutch, Biblical

Other Scripts: בִּנְיָמִין (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: BEN-jə-min (English), ben-zha-MEN (French), BEN-yah-meen (German)

From the Hebrew name בִּנְיָמִין (Binyamin) which means "son of the south" or "son of the right hand". Benjamin in the Old Testament is the twelfth and youngest son of Jacob and the founder of one of the southern tribes of the Hebrews. He was originally named בֶּן־אוֹנִי (Ben-'oniy) meaning "son of my sorrow" by his mother Rachel, who died shortly after childbirth, but it was later changed by his father.

As an English name, Benjamin came into general use after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer was Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), an American statesman, inventor, scientist and philosopher.

BETH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: BETH

Short form of ELIZABETH, or sometimes BETHANY.

BLEDDYN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh

Pronounced: BLEDH-in

From Welsh blaidd "wolf" combined with a diminutive suffix.

BRIALLEN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Welsh

Derived from Welsh briallu meaning "primrose". This is a modern Welsh name.

BRYNMOR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh

From a Welsh place name meaning "great hill".

CAIUS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Ancient Roman

Roman variant of GAIUS

CAMERON

Gender: Masculine & Feminine

Usage: Scottish, English

Pronounced: KAM-rən (English), KAM-ə-rən (English)

From a Scottish surname meaning "crooked nose" from Gaelic cam "crooked" and sròn "nose".

CERIDWEN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Welsh, Welsh Mythology

Pronounced: ke-RID-wen

Means "blessed poetry" from Welsh cerdd "poetry" and gwen "white, fair, blessed". This is the name of a Celtic goddess of poetry.

CHARLES

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, French

Pronounced: CHAHR-əlz (English), SHAHRL (French)

From the Germanic name Karl, which was derived from a Germanic word which meant "man". However, an alternative theory states that it is derived from the common Germanic element hari meaning "army, warrior".

The popularity of the name in continental Europe was due to the fame of Charles the Great (742-814), commonly known as Charlemagne, a king of the Franks who came to rule over most of Europe. It was subsequently borne by several Holy Roman Emperors, as well as kings of France, Spain, Portugal, Sweden and Hungary. The name did not become common in Britain until the 17th century when it was carried by the Stuart king Charles I. It had been introduced into the Stuart royal family by Mary Queen of Scots, who had been raised in France.

Famous bearers of the name include naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-1882) who revolutionized biology with his theory of evolution, novelist Charles Dickens (1812-1870) who wrote such works as 'Great Expectations' and 'A Tale of Two Cities', French statesman Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970), and American cartoonist Charles Schulz (1922-2000), the creator of the 'Peanuts' comic strip.

CHARLOTTE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch

Pronounced: shar-LOT (French), SHAHR-lət (English), shahr-LAW-tə (German), shahr-LAWT-tə (Dutch)

French feminine diminutive of CHARLES. It was introduced to Britain in the 17th century. A notable bearer was Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855), the eldest of the three Bronte sisters and the author of 'Jane Eyre' and 'Villette'.

CIANÁN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish

Diminutive of CIAN. This was the name of a 5th-century Irish saint.

CLAIRE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, English

Pronounced: KLER

French form of CLARA

CONOR

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish, English, Irish Mythology

Pronounced: KAHN-ər (English)

Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Conchobhar which means "dog lover" or "wolf lover". It has been in use in Ireland for centuries and was the name of several Irish kings. It was also borne by the legendary Ulster king Conchobar mac Nessa, known for his tragic desire for Deirdre.

DAITHÍ

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish

Pronounced: DAH-hee

Variant of DÁITHÍ

DARCY

Gender: Feminine & Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: DAHR-see

From an English surname which was derived from Norman French d'Arcy, originally denoting one who came from Arcy in France. This was the surname of a character in Jane Austen's novel 'Pride and Prejudice' (1813).

DEACON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: DEE-kən

Either from the occupational surname Deacon or directly from the vocabulary word deacon, which refer to a cleric in the Christian church (ultimately from Greek διακονος (diakonos) meaning "servant").

DESIDERIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Spanish, Late Roman

Feminine form of DESIDERIO. This was the Latin name of a 19th-century queen of Sweden, the wife of Karl XIV. She was born in France with the name Désirée.

DOMINIC

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: DAHM-ə-nik

From the Late Latin name Dominicus meaning "of the Lord". This name was traditionally given to a child born on Sunday. Several saints have borne this name, including the 13th-century founder of the Dominican order of friars. It was in this saint's honour that the name was first used in England, starting around the 13th century. It is primarily used by Catholics.

DUNCAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Scottish, English

Pronounced: DUN-kən (English)

Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Donnchadh meaning "brown warrior", derived from Gaelic donn "brown" and cath "warrior". This was the name of two kings of Scotland, including the one who was featured in Shakespeare's play 'Macbeth' (1606).

DYLAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh, English, Welsh Mythology

Pronounced: DUL-an (Welsh), DIL-ən (English)

From the Welsh elements dy "great" and llanw "tide, flow". In Welsh mythology Dylan was a god or hero associated with the sea. He was the son of Arianrhod and was accidentally slain by his uncle Govannon.

Famous bearers include the Welsh poet Dylan Thomas (1914-1953) and the American musician Bob Dylan (1941-), real name Robert Zimmerman, who took his stage surname from the poet's given name. Due to those two bearers, use of the name has spread outside of Wales in the last half of the 20th century. It received a further boost in popularity in the 1990s due to a character on the television series 'Beverly Hills 90210'.

EACHANN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Scottish, Irish

Means "brown horse" from Gaelic each "horse" and donn "brown". It was sometimes Anglicized as Hector.

EIRENE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek

Other Scripts: Ειρηνη (Ancient Greek)

Original Greek form of IRENE

EIRIAN

Gender: Feminine & Masculine

Usage: Welsh

Means "bright, beautiful" in Welsh.

ELANOR

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Literature

Means "star sun" in Sindarin. In 'The Lord of the Rings' (1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien this is Sam's eldest daughter, named after a type of flower.

ELIANA (2)

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Hebrew

Other Scripts: אֶלִיעַנָה (Hebrew)

Means "my God has answered" in Hebrew.

EMERSON

Gender: Masculine & Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: EM-ər-sən

From an English surname meaning "son of EMERY". The surname was borne by Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), an American writer and philosopher who wrote about transcendentalism.

EMMA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, French, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Dutch, German, Ancient Germanic

Pronounced: EM-ə (English), E-mah (German)

Originally a short form of Germanic names that began with the element ermen meaning "whole" or "universal". It was introduced to England by Emma of Normandy, who was the wife both of king Ethelred II (and by him the mother of Edward the Confessor) and later of king Canute. It was also borne by an 11th-century Austrian saint, who is sometimes called Hemma.

After the Norman conquest this name became common in England. It was revived in the 18th century, perhaps in part due to Matthew Prior's poem 'Henry and Emma' (1709). It was also used by Jane Austen for the central character, the matchmaker Emma Woodhouse, in her novel 'Emma' (1816).

EOWYN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Literature

Pronounced: AY-ə-win (English)

Means "horse joy" in Old English. This name was invented by J. R. R. Tolkien who used Old English to represent the Rohirric language. In his novel 'The Lord of the Rings' (1954) Eowyn is the niece of King Theoden of Rohan. She slays the Lord of the Nazgul in the Battle of the Pelennor Fields.

EUPHEMIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Ancient Greek, English (Archaic)

Other Scripts: Ευφημια (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: yoo-FEM-ee-ə (English)

Means "to speak well", derived from Greek ευ "good" and φημι (phemi) "to speak". Saint Euphemia was an early martyr from Chalcedon.

EVA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Czech, Slovene, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Russian, Georgian, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin

Other Scripts: Ева (Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Church Slavic), ევა (Georgian)

Pronounced: E-vah (Italian, Spanish, Danish), EE-və (English), E-fah (German), AY-vah (Dutch)

Latinate form of EVE. This form is used in the Latin translation of the New Testament, while Hava is used in the Latin Old Testament. It is also a variant Russian transcription of YEVA. This name appears in Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' (1852) belonging to the character Little Eva, whose real name is in fact Evangeline.

EVELYN

Gender: Feminine & Masculine

Usage: English, German

Pronounced: EV-ə-lin (English), EV-lin (English)

From an English surname which was derived from the given name AVELINE. In the 17th century when it was first used as a given name it was more common for boys, but it is now regarded as mainly feminine due to association with the related name Evelina.

FINLEY

Gender: Masculine & Feminine

Usage: Irish, Scottish, English

Anglicized form of FIONNLAGH

FRANKIE

Gender: Masculine & Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: FRANGK-ee

Diminutive of FRANK (1) or FRANCES

FRASER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Scottish, English (Rare)

Pronounced: FRAY-zər, FRAY-zhər

From a Scottish surname which is of unknown meaning. A famous bearer of the surname was Simon Fraser (1776-1862), a Canadian explorer.

GARETH

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh, English (British), Arthurian Romance

Pronounced: GAR-əth (Welsh, English)

Meaning unknown. It first appears in this form in Thomas Malory's 15th-century compilation of Arthurian legends 'Le Morte d'Arthur', in which Gareth was a Knight of the Round Table, the brother of Sir Gawain. Malory based the name on Gahariet, which was the name of a similar Arthurian character in French sources. It may ultimately have a Welsh origin, possibly related to gwaredd meaning "gentleness".

GAVIN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Scottish

Pronounced: GAV-in (English)

Medieval form of GAWAIN. Though it died out in England, it was reintroduced from Scotland in the 20th century.

GILLIAN

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: JIL-ee-ən

Medieval English feminine form of JULIAN. This spelling has been in use since the 13th century, though it was not declared a distinct name from Julian until the 17th century.

GOVANNON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh Mythology

Welsh cognate of GOIBNIU

GRÁINNE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Irish, Irish Mythology

Pronounced: GRAWN-ya

Possibly derived from Gaelic grán meaning "grain". This was the name of an ancient Irish grain goddess. The name also belonged to the fiancée of Fionn mac Cumhail and the lover of Diarmaid in later Irish legend, and it is often associated with gráidh "love".

GWENAËLLE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French, Breton

Feminine form of GWENAËL

HANNAH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Hebrew, French, German, Dutch, Biblical

Other Scripts: חַנָּה (Hebrew)

Pronounced: HAN-ə (English), HAH-nah (German)

From the Hebrew name חַנָּה (Channah) meaning "favour" or "grace". Hannah is the mother of the prophet Samuel in the Old Testament. As an English name, Hannah was not regularly used until after the Protestant Reformation. The Greek and Latin version Anna is used in the New Testament; this form has traditionally been more widely used as a Christian name.

HAVEN

Gender: Feminine & Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: HAY-vən

From the English word for a safe place, derived ultimately from Old English hæfen.

IAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Scottish, English

Pronounced: EE-ən (English)

Modern Scottish form of JOHN

IDRIS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh

Means "ardent lord" from Welsh udd "lord, prince" combined with ris "ardent, enthusiastic, impulsive".

INDIGO

Gender: Feminine & Masculine

Usage: English (Rare)

Pronounced: IN-di-go

From the English word indigo for the purplish-blue dye or the colour. It is ultimately derived from Greek Ινδικον (Indikon) "Indic, from India".

JAMES

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Biblical

Pronounced: JAYMZ (English)

English form of the Late Latin name Iacomus which was derived from Ιακωβος (Iakobos), the New Testament Greek form of the Hebrew name Ya'aqov (see JACOB). This was the name of two apostles in the New Testament. The first was Saint James the Greater, the apostle John's brother, who was beheaded under Herod Agrippa in the Book of Acts. The second was James the Lesser, son of Alphaeus. Another James (known as James the Just) is also mentioned in the Bible as being the brother of Jesus.

Since the 13th century this form of the name has been used in England, though it became more common in Scotland, where it was borne by several kings. In the 17th century the Scottish king James VI inherited the English throne, becoming the first ruler of all Britain, and the name grew much more popular. Famous bearers include the explorer Captain James Cook (1728-1779), the inventor James Watt (1736-1819), and the novelist and poet James Joyce (1882-1941). This name has also been borne by six American presidents. A notable fictional bearer is the British spy James Bond, created by author Ian Fleming.

JESSE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Dutch, Biblical

Other Scripts: יִשַׁי (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: JES-ee (English), YES-sə (Dutch)

From the Hebrew name יִשַׁי (Yishay) which possibly means "gift". Jesse is the father of King David in the Old Testament. It began to be used as an English given name after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer of this name was Jesse James (1847-1882), an American outlaw who held up banks and stagecoaches. He was eventually shot by a fellow gang member for a reward. Another famous bearer was the American athlete Jesse Owens (1913-1980), whose real name was James Cleveland (or J. C.) Owens.

JONATHAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, French, Biblical

Other Scripts: יוֹנָתָן (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: JAHN-ə-thən (English), YO-nah-tahn (German)

From the Hebrew name יְהוֹנָתָן (Yehonatan) (contracted to יוֹנָתָן (Yonatan)) meaning "YAHWEH has given". According to the Old Testament, Jonathan was the eldest son of Saul and a friend of David. He was killed in battle with the Philistines. As an English name, Jonathan did not become common until after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer was the Anglo-Irish satirist Jonathan Swift (1667-1745), who wrote 'Gulliver's Travels' and other works.

JULES (2)

Gender: Feminine & Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: JOOLZ

Diminutive of JULIA or JULIAN

JULIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Spanish, Polish, Finnish, Ancient Roman, Biblical

Pronounced: JOO-lee-ə (English), YOO-lee-ah (German), HOO-lyah (Spanish), YUWL-yah (Polish), YOO:-lee-ah (Ancient Roman)

Feminine form of JULIUS. A person by this name has a brief mention in the New Testament. It was borne by a few early saints and martyrs, including the patron saint of Corsica. Shakespeare used the name in his comedy 'The Two Gentlemen of Verona' (1594). It has been common as a given name in the English-speaking world only since the 18th century. A famous bearer is American actress Julia Roberts (1967-).

JULIAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Polish, German

Pronounced: JOO-lee-ən (English), JOOL-yən (English), YUWL-yahn (Polish), YOO-lee-ahn (German)

From the Roman name Iulianus, which was derived from JULIUS. This was the name of the last pagan Roman emperor, Julian the Apostate (4th century). It was also borne by several early saints, including the legendary Saint Julian the Hospitaller. This name has been used in England since the Middle Ages, at which time it was also a feminine name (from Juliana, eventually becoming Gillian).

JULIANNE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: joo-lee-AN

Feminine form of Iulianus (see JULIAN).

JULIENNE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: French

Pronounced: zhoo-lee-EN

French feminine form of Iulianus (see JULIAN).

KAI (1)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Frisian, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Dutch

Pronounced: KIE (German)

Meaning uncertain, possibly a Frisian diminutive of GERHARD, NICOLAAS, CORNELIS or GAIUS.

KAVERI

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Indian

Other Scripts: कावेरी (Hindi)

From the name of the Kaveri River in southern India.

KIEFER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: KEE-fər

From a German surname meaning either "pine tree" or "barrel maker".

LACHLAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Scottish, English (Australian)

Originally a Scottish nickname for a person who was from Norway. In Scotland, Norway was known as the "land of the lochs", or Lochlann.

LAOGHAIRE

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish

Modern Irish form of LÓEGAIRE

LENNON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Scottish, English (Rare)

Pronounced: LEN-ən

Anglicized form of the Irish surname Ó Leannáin, which means "descendent of Leannán". The name Leannán means "lover" in Gaelic. This surname was borne by musician John Lennon (1940-1980), a member of the Beatles.

LIAM

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish, English

Pronounced: LEE-əm (English)

Irish short form of WILLIAM

LILEAS

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Scottish

Scottish form of LILLIAN

LIVIUS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Ancient Roman

Roman family name which may be related to either Latin liveo "to envy" or lividus "blue, envious". Titus Livius, also known as Livy, was a Roman historian who wrote a history of the city of Rome.

LOGAN

Gender: Masculine & Feminine

Usage: Scottish, English

Pronounced: LO-gən

From a surname which was originally derived from a Scottish place name meaning "little hollow" in Scottish Gaelic.

LORCCÁN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish

Pronounced: LOR-kan

Variant of LORCÁN

LUCAS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Dutch, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Biblical Latin

Pronounced: LOO-kəs (English), LUY-kahs (Dutch), luy-KAH (French), LOO-kəsh (Portuguese)

Latin form of Loukas (see LUKE).

LUCIAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Romanian, English

Pronounced: LOO-shən (English)

Romanian and English form of LUCIANUS. Lucian is the usual name of Lucianus of Samosata in English.

LUKEN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Basque

Basque form of LUCIANUS

LYDIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, German, Finnish, Biblical, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek

Other Scripts: Λυδια (Ancient Greek), Лѷдіа (Church Slavic)

Pronounced: LID-ee-ə (English), LUY-dee-ah (German)

Means "from Lydia" in Greek. Lydia was a region on the west coast of Asia Minor. In the New Testament this is the name of a woman converted to Christianity by Saint Paul. In the modern era the name has been in use since the Protestant Reformation.

MADDOX

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English (Modern)

Pronounced: MAD-əks

From a Welsh surname meaning "son of MADOC". It was brought to public attention when the actress Angelina Jolie gave this name to her adopted son in 2002.

MALACHI

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Hebrew, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin

Other Scripts: מַלְאָכִי (Hebrew)

Pronounced: MAL-ə-kie (English)

From the Hebrew name מַלְאָכִי (Mal'akhiy) meaning "my messenger" or "my angel". This is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Malachi, which some claim foretells the coming of Christ. In England the name came into use after the Protestant Reformation.

MARISA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, English

Pronounced: mah-REE-zah (Italian), mah-REE-sah (Spanish), mə-RIS-ə (English)

Italian, Spanish and Portuguese combination of MARIA and LUISA.

MATTEO

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Italian

Pronounced: maht-TE-o

Italian form of MATTHEW

MEG

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: MEG

Medieval diminutive of MARGARET

NEIL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish, Scottish, English

Pronounced: NEEL (English)

From the Gaelic name Niall, which is of disputed origin, possibly meaning "champion" or "cloud". This was the name of a semi-legendary 4th-century Irish king, Niall of the Nine Hostages.

In the early Middle Ages the name was adopted by Viking raiders and settlers in Ireland in the form Njal. The Vikings transmitted it to England and Scotland, as well as bringing it back to Scandinavia. It was also in use among the Normans, who were of Scandinavian origin. A famous bearer of this name was American astronaut Neil Armstrong (1930-2012), the first person to walk on the moon.

NELLIE

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English

Pronounced: NEL-ee

Diminutive of NELL

NIGEL

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: NIE-jəl

From Nigellus, a medieval Latinized form of NEIL. It was commonly associated with Latin niger "black". It was revived in the 19th century, perhaps in part due to Sir Walter Scott's novel 'The Fortunes of Nigel' (1822).

NILA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Indian

Other Scripts: नीला (Hindi)

Means "dark blue" in Sanskrit.

NILES

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: NIELZ, NIE-əlz

From a surname which was derived from the given name NEIL.

NIVEN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Scottish

Anglicized form of NAOMHÁN

NORAH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Irish, English

Pronounced: NAWR-ə

Variant of NORA

NUADA

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish Mythology

Possibly means "protector" in Celtic. In Irish myth he was an Irish god and a leader of the Tuatha De Danann. He was killed in battle against the Fomorii.

OLIVIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Italian, Spanish, German, Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish

Pronounced: ə-LIV-ee-ə (English), o-LEE-vee-ah (German)

This name was first used in this spelling by William Shakespeare for a character in his comedy 'Twelfth Night' (1602). Shakespeare may have based it on OLIVER or OLIVA, or perhaps directly on the Latin word oliva meaning "olive". In the play Olivia is a noblewoman who is wooed by Duke Orsino but instead falls in love with his messenger Cesario.

The name has been used in the English-speaking world since the 18th century, though it did not become overly popular until the last half of the 20th century. Its rise in popularity in America was precipitated by a character on the 1970s television series 'The Waltons'.

PAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Greek Mythology

Other Scripts: Παν (Ancient Greek)

Derived from a Greek word meaning "shepherd". In Greek mythology Pan was a half-man, half-goat god associated with shepherds, flocks and pastures.

PHAEDRUS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Ancient Greek (Latinized)

Other Scripts: Φαιδρος (Ancient Greek)

Latinized form of the Greek name Φαιδρος (Phaidros), which meant "bright". This was the name of a 5th-century BC Greek philosopher, and also of a 1st-century Roman fabulist who was originally a slave from Thrace.

PHELAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish

Anglicized form of FAOLÁN

PIPPIN (1)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Ancient Germanic

Old Germanic form of PÉPIN

PIPPIN (2)

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Literature

Pronounced: PIP-in (English)

The name of a hobbit in 'The Lord of the Rings' (1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien. His full given name was Peregrin, a semi-translation into English of his true hobbit name Razanur meaning "traveller".

RACHEL

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Hebrew, French, German, Dutch, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew

Other Scripts: רָחֵל (Hebrew), Ραχηλ (Ancient Greek)

Pronounced: RAY-chəl (English), ra-SHEL (French), RAH-khəl (Dutch)

From the Hebrew name רָחֵל (Rachel) meaning "ewe". In the Old Testament this is the name of the favourite wife of Jacob and the mother of Joseph and Benjamin. The name was common among Jews in the Middle Ages, but it was not generally used as a Christian name in the English-speaking world until after the Protestant Reformation.

REBEKAH

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Biblical, English

Other Scripts: רִבְקָה (Ancient Hebrew)

Pronounced: rə-BEK-ə (English)

Form of REBECCA used in some versions of the Bible.

REUBEN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Biblical, Hebrew, English

Other Scripts: רְאוּבֵן (Hebrew)

Pronounced: ROO-bən (English)

Means "behold, a son" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the eldest son of Jacob and Leah and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. It has been used as a Christian name in Britain since the Protestant Reformation.

RHYDDERCH

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh

Pronounced: HRUDH-erkh

Means "reddish brown" in Welsh. It is sometimes used as a Welsh form of RODERICK.

RHYS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh

Pronounced: HREES (Welsh), REES (English)

Means "enthusiasm" in Welsh. Several Welsh rulers have borne this name.

ROKUS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Frisian

Frisian form of ROCCO

ROWAN

Gender: Masculine & Feminine

Usage: Irish, English (Modern)

Pronounced: RO-ən (English)

From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Ruadháin meaning "descendent of RUADHÁN". This name can also be given in reference to the rowan tree.

SEBASTIAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Finnish, Romanian

Pronounced: ze-BAHS-tee-ahn (German), sə-BAS-chən (English), se-BAHS-tyahn (Polish)

From the Latin name Sebastianus which meant "from Sebaste". Sebaste was the name a town in Asia Minor, its name deriving from Greek σεβαστος (sebastos) "venerable" (a translation of Latin Augustus, the title of the Roman emperors). Saint Sebastian was a 3rd-century Roman soldier martyred by arrows after it was discovered he was a Christian. Due to the saint's popularity, the name came into general use in medieval Europe, especially in Spain and France. It was also borne by a 16th-century king of Portugal who died in a crusade against Morocco.

SHERWOOD

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: SHUR-wuwd

From an English place name (or from a surname which was derived from it) meaning "bright forest". This was the name of the forest in which the legendary outlaw Robin Hood made his home.

SILAS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Greek, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek

Other Scripts: Σιλας (Greek)

Pronounced: SIE-ləs (English)

Short form of SILVANUS. This is the name of a companion of Saint Paul in the New Testament. It was not used as an English name until after the Protestant Reformation.

SILVANUS

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Roman Mythology, Ancient Roman, Biblical, Biblical Latin

Pronounced: sil-VAY-nəs (English)

Roman name derived from Latin silva "wood, forest". Silvanus was the Roman god of forests. This name appears in the New Testament belonging to one of Saint Paul's companions, also called Silas.

SOFIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Norwegian, Swedish, German, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Greek, Finnish, Estonian, Slovak, Romanian

Other Scripts: Σοφια (Greek)

Pronounced: zo-FEE-ah (German), so-FEE-ah (Italian), soo-FEE-ə (Portuguese)

Form of SOPHIA

SOPHIA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: English, Greek, German, Ancient Greek

Other Scripts: Σοφια (Greek)

Pronounced: so-FEE-ə (English), so-FIE-ə (British English), zo-FEE-ah (German)

Means "wisdom" in Greek. This was the name of an early, probably mythical, saint who died of grief after her three daughters were martyred. Legends about her probably arose as a result of a medieval misunderstanding of the phrase Hagia Sophia "Holy Wisdom", which was the name of a large basilica in Constantinople.

This name was common among continental European royalty during the Middle Ages, and it was popularized in Britain by the German House of Hanover when they inherited the British throne in the 18th century. It was the name of characters in the novels 'Tom Jones' (1749) by Henry Fielding and 'The Vicar of Wakefield' (1766) by Oliver Goldsmith.

SPENCER

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: SPEN-sər

From a surname which meant "dispenser of provisions" in Middle English. A famous bearer was American actor Spencer Tracy (1900-1967). It was also the surname of Princess Diana (1961-1997).

STEPHEN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Biblical

Pronounced: STEEV-ən (English), STEF-ən (English)

From the Greek name Στεφανος (Stephanos) meaning "crown". Saint Stephen was a deacon who was stoned to death, as told in Acts in the New Testament, and he is regarded as the first Christian martyr. Due to him, the name became common in the Christian world. It was popularized in England by the Normans.

This was the name of kings of England, Serbia, and Poland, as well as ten popes. It was also borne by the first Christian king of Hungary (10th century), who is regarded as the patron saint of that country. More recent bearers include British physicist Stephen Hawking (1942-) and the American author Stephen King (1947-).

STEVEN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English, Dutch

Pronounced: STEEV-ən (English), STAY-vən (Dutch)

Medieval English variant of STEPHEN, and a Dutch variant of STEFAN. The filmmaker Steven Spielberg (1946-), director of 'E.T.' and 'Indiana Jones', is a famous bearer of this name.

SUSANNA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Italian, Swedish, Finnish, Russian, Dutch, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Old Church Slavic

Other Scripts: Сусанна (Russian), שׁוֹשַׁנָּה (Ancient Hebrew), Сѹсанна (Church Slavic)

Pronounced: soo-ZAHN-nah (Italian), soo-ZAN-ə (English)

From Σουσαννα (Sousanna), the Greek form of the Hebrew name שׁוֹשַׁנָּה (Shoshannah). This was derived from the Hebrew word שׁוֹשָׁן (shoshan) meaning "lily" (in modern Hebrew this also means "rose"), perhaps ultimately from Egyptian sšn "lotus". In the Old Testament Apocrypha this is the name of a woman falsely accused of adultery. The prophet Daniel clears her name by tricking her accusers, who end up being condemned themselves. It also occurs in the New Testament belonging to a woman who ministered to Christ.

As an English name, it was occasionally used during the Middle Ages in honour of the Old Testament heroine. It did not become common until after the Protestant Reformation, at which time it was often spelled Susan.

TIGHEARNÁN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Irish

Pronounced: TEER-nawn

Means "little lord" from Irish Gaelic tigern "lord" combined with a diminutive suffix. This was the name of a 12th-century king of Breifne in Ireland.

TREASA

Gender: Feminine

Usage: Irish

Pronounced: TRA-sa

Possibly means "strength" in Irish Gaelic. It is also sometimes used as an Irish form of THERESA.

TRYSTAN

Gender: Masculine

Usage: Welsh

Variant of TRISTAN

WILLIAM

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: WIL-ee-əm, WIL-yəm

From the Germanic name Willahelm, which was composed of the elements wil "will, desire" and helm "helmet, protection". Saint William of Gellone was an 8th-century cousin of Charlemagne who became a monk. The name was common among the Normans, and it became extremely popular in England after William the Conqueror was recognized as the first Norman king of England. It was later borne by three other English kings, as well as rulers of Scotland, Sicily (of Norman origin), the Netherlands and Prussia.

Other famous bearers include William Wallace, a 13th-century Scottish hero, and William Tell, a legendary 14th-century Swiss hero. In the literary world it was borne by dramatist William Shakespeare (1564-1616), poet William Blake (1757-1827), poet William Wordsworth (1770-1850), dramatist William Butler Yeats (1865-1939), author William Faulkner (1897-1962), and author William S. Burroughs (1914-1997).

WINSTON

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: WIN-stən

From a surname derived from an English place name, which was in turn derived from the Old English given name Wynnstan meaning "joy stone". A famous bearer was Winston Churchill (1874-1965), the British prime minister during World War II. This name was also borne by the fictional Winston Smith, the protagonist in George Orwell's 1949 novel '1984'.

YORK

Gender: Masculine

Usage: English

Pronounced: YORK

From a surname, which was derived from York, the name of a city in northern England. The city name was originally Eburacon, meaning "yew" in Brythonic, but it was altered by association with Old English Eoforwic, meaning "pig farm".
Copyright © Mike Campbell 1996-2014.