reniannen17's Personal Name List
Pronounced: AY-də (English), A-da (Polish), AH-dah (Finnish)
Short form of ADELAIDE
and other names beginning with the same sound. This name was borne by Augusta Ada King (1815-1852), the Countess of Lovelace (known as Ada Lovelace), a daughter of Lord Byron. She was an assistant to Charles Babbage, the inventor of an early mechanical computer.
Usage: English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Russian, Ukrainian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Hebrew, Arabic, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: Адам (Russian, Ukrainian, Serbian, Macedonian), אָדָם (Hebrew), آدم (Arabic), ადამ (Georgian), Αδαμ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: A-dəm (English), A-DAHN (French), A-dam (German, Polish, Arabic), A-dahm (Dutch), u-DAM (Russian), ah-DAHM (Ukrainian)
This is the Hebrew word for "man". It could be ultimately derived from Hebrew אדם ('adam)
meaning "to be red", referring to the ruddy colour of human skin, or from Akkadian adamu
meaning "to make".
According to Genesis in the Old Testament Adam was created from the earth by God (there is a word play on Hebrew אֲדָמָה ('adamah) "earth"). He and Eve were supposedly the first humans, living happily in the Garden of Eden until they ate the forbidden fruit from the tree of knowledge. As a result they were expelled from Eden to the lands to the east, where they gave birth the second generation, including Cain, Abel and Seth.
As an English Christian name, Adam has been common since the Middle Ages, and it received a boost after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer was Scottish economist Adam Smith (1723-1790).
Pronounced: AY-dən (English)
Anglicized form of AODHÁN
. In the latter part of the 20th century it became popular in America due to its sound, since it uses the same fashionable aden
suffix sound found in such names as Braden
Gender: Masculine & Feminine
Personal note: Ailbhe Lilias Muireann
Possibly derived from the old Gaelic root albho
meaning "white". In Irish legend this was the name of a female warrior of the Fianna. It was also the name of a 6th-century masculine saint
Gender: Masculine & Feminine
Usage: English, Dutch, German, French, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian, Greek, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Hungarian, Russian
Pronounced: A-liks (English), A-leks (Dutch), A-LEKS (French), AW-leks (Hungarian)
Usage: English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Hungarian, Slovak, Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Pronounced: a-lig-ZAN-dər (English), a-le-KSAN-du (German), ah-lək-SAHN-dər (Dutch), AW-lek-sawn-der (Hungarian)
Personal note: Alexander Neil
Latinized form of the Greek name Αλεξανδρος (Alexandros)
, which meant "defending men" from Greek αλεξω (alexo)
"to defend, help" and ανηρ (aner)
"man" (genitive ανδρος
). In Greek mythology
this was another name of the hero Paris
, and it also belongs to several characters in the New Testament
. However, the most famous bearer was Alexander the Great, King of Macedon. In the 4th century BC he built a huge empire out of Greece, Egypt, Persia, and parts of India. Due to his fame, and later medieval tales involving him, use of his name spread throughout Europe.
The name has been used by kings of Scotland, Poland and Yugoslavia, emperors of Russia, and eight popes. Other notable bearers include English poet Alexander Pope (1688-1744), American statesman Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804), Scottish-Canadian explorer Sir Alexander MacKenzie (1764-1820), Russian poet Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837), and Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922), the Scottish-Canadian-American inventor of the telephone.
Welsh name, originally spelled Neirin, which possibly means "noble". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh poet.
Other Scripts: Αοιδη (Ancient Greek)
Means "song" in Greek. In Greek mythology
she was one of the original three muses, the muse of song.
Pronounced: EE-fyə (Irish)
Means "beauty" from the Gaelic word aoibh
. In Irish legend Aoife was a warrior princess. In war against her sister Scathach, she was defeated in single combat by the hero Cúchulainn
. Eventually she was reconciled with her sister and became the lover of Cúchulainn. This name is sometimes used as a Gaelic form of EVE
From the name of an island off the west coast of Scotland in the Firth of Clyde.
Means "noble maiden" in Sindarin. In 'The Lord of the Rings' (1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Arwen was the daughter of Elrond
and the lover of Aragorn
Pronounced: OW-guwst (German), OW-goost (Polish), AW-gəst (English)
German, Polish, Scandinavian and Catalan form of AUGUSTUS
Derived from Scottish Gaelic beatha meaning "life".
Pronounced: BUR-trəm (English), BER-tram (German)
Pronounced: BRIJ-it (English)
Anglicized form of the Irish name Brighid
which means "exalted one". In Irish mythology
this was the name of the goddess of fire, poetry and wisdom, the daughter of the god Dagda. In the 5th century it was borne by Saint
Brigid, the founder of a monastery at Kildare and a patron saint of Ireland. Because of the saint, the name was considered sacred in Ireland, and it did not come into general use there until the 17th century. In the form Birgitta
this name has been common in Scandinavia, made popular by the 14th-century Saint Birgitta of Sweden, patron saint of Europe.
From the name of a type of orchid, ultimately meaning "beautiful flower", derived from Greek καλος (kalos)
"beautiful" and ανθος (anthos)
Pronounced: kə-SAN-drə (English), kə-SAHN-drə (English), kas-SAN-dra (Italian), ka-SAN-dra (German)
From the Greek name Κασσανδρα (Kassandra)
, derived from possibly κεκασμαι (kekasmai)
"to excel, to shine" and ανηρ (aner)
"man" (genitive ανδρος
). In Greek myth
Cassandra was a Trojan princess, the daughter of Priam
. She was given the gift of prophecy by Apollo
, but when she spurned his advances he cursed her so nobody would believe her prophecies.
In the Middle Ages this name was common in England due to the popularity of medieval tales about the Trojan War. It subsequently became rare, but was revived in the 20th century.
Gender: Feminine & Masculine
From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Caiside
meaning "descendant of CAISIDE
Pronounced: ka-TREE-na, ka-TREE-o-na
Personal note: Catriona Maeve
Means "strong wolf" in Gaelic. This is the name of several characters in Irish legend including the hero Conall Cernach ("Conall of the victories"), a member of the Red Branch of Ulster, who avenged Cúchulainn
's death by killing Lugaid.
Pronounced: KAHN-ər (English)
Other Scripts: Κορη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: KAWR-ə (English), KO-ra (German)
Latinized form of KORE
. It was not used as a given name in the English-speaking world until after it was employed by James Fenimore Cooper for a character in his novel 'The Last of the Mohicans' (1826). In some cases it may be a short form of CORDULA
or other names beginning with a similar sound.
Usage: English, Hebrew, French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Croatian, Armenian, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Greek
Pronounced: DAN-yəl (English, Danish), dah-nee-EL (Hebrew), DA-NYEL (French), DA-nee-el (German), DA-nyel (Polish), da-NYEL (Spanish)
From the Hebrew name דָּנִיֵּאל (Daniyyel)
meaning "God is my judge". Daniel was a Hebrew prophet whose story is told in the Book of Daniel in the Old Testament
. He lived during the Jewish captivity in Babylon, where he served in the court of the king, rising to prominence by interpreting the king's dreams. The book also presents Daniel's four visions of the end of the world.
Due to the popularity of the biblical character, the name came into use in England during the Middle Ages. Though it became rare by the 15th century, it was revived after the Protestant Reformation. Famous bearers of this name include English author Daniel Defoe (1660-1731), Swiss mathematician Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782), and American frontiersman Daniel Boone (1734-1820).
From the Irish Mac Dara
which means "oak tree". This was the name of a 6th-century saint
from Connemara. It is also used as an Anglicized form of DÁIRE
Pronounced: DUL-an (Welsh), DIL-ən (English)
From the Welsh elements dy
meaning "great" and llanw
meaning "tide, flow". In Welsh mythology
Dylan was a god or hero associated with the sea. He was the son of Arianrhod
and was accidentally slain by his uncle Govannon
Famous bearers include the Welsh poet Dylan Thomas (1914-1953) and the American musician Bob Dylan (1941-), real name Robert Zimmerman, who took his stage surname from the poet's given name. Due to those two bearers, use of the name has spread outside of Wales in the last half of the 20th century. It received a further boost in popularity in the 1990s due to a character on the television series 'Beverly Hills 90210'.
Latinized form of ÉTAÍN
. This was the name of an early Irish saint
Pronounced: EE-dith (English), E-dit (German, Swedish)
From the Old English
, derived from the elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and gyð
"war". It was popular among Anglo-Saxon royalty, being borne for example by Saint
Eadgyeth;, the daughter of King Edgar the Peaceful. The name remained common after the Norman conquest
. It became rare after the 15th century, but was revived in the 19th century.
Pronounced: ED-win (English), ED-win (Dutch), ED-vin (Dutch)
Means "rich friend" from the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and wine
"friend". This was the name of a 7th-century Northumbrian king, regarded as a saint
. After the Norman conquest
the name was not popular, but it was eventually revived in the 19th century. A notable bearer was the astronaut Edwin Aldrin (1930-), also known as Buzz, the second man to walk on the moon.
Means "snow" in Welsh.
Personal note: Eirwen Maya
Means "white snow" from the Welsh elements eira
"snow" and gwen
Medieval English form of HELEN
. This was the usual spelling of the name until the 17th century, when Helen
became more common.
Pronounced: e-MEE-lya (Italian, Spanish), E-mee-lee-ah (Finnish), e-MYEE-lya (Polish), e-MEE-lee-ah (Swedish)
Feminine form of Aemilius
Usage: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, English, Czech, Slovak, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Greek, Slovene, Bulgarian, Croatian, Russian, Georgian, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: Ευα (Greek), Ева (Bulgarian, Russian, Church Slavic), ევა (Georgian)
Pronounced: E-ba (Spanish), E-va (Italian, Czech, Slovak, Icelandic), EE-və (English), E-fa (German), AY-vah (Dutch), E-vah (Danish), YE-və (Russian), E-wa (Classical Latin)
Latinate form of EVE
. This form is used in the Latin translation of the New Testament
, while Hava
is used in the Latin Old Testament
. It is also a variant transcription
of Russian YEVA
. This name appears in Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' (1852) belonging to the character Little Eva, whose real name is in fact Evangeline.
Gender: Feminine & Masculine
Pronounced: EV-ə-lin (English), EEV-lin (British English), EEV-ə-lin (British English), E-və-leen (German)
From an English surname which was derived from the given name AVELINE
. In the 17th century when it was first used as a given name it was more common for boys, but it is now regarded as mainly feminine due to association with the related name Evelina
Pronounced: fer-NAN-da (Spanish)
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian feminine form of FERDINAND
Pronounced: FEE-akh-ra (Irish)
Derived from Gaelic fiach
meaning "raven". In Irish legend Fiachra was one of the four children of Lir
transformed into swans for a period of 900 years. This is also the name of the patron saint
of gardeners, a 7th-century Irish abbot who settled in France.
From a Scottish place name which was formerly the name of a kingdom in Scotland. It is said to be named for the legendary Pictish hero Fib.
Older Irish form of FIONN
. This is also the usual Anglicized spelling of the name. As a surname it is borne by Huckleberry Finn, a character in Mark Twain's novels.
Pronounced: FRED-ə-rik, FRED-rik
English form of a Germanic
name meaning "peaceful ruler", derived from frid
"peace" and ric
"ruler, power". This name has long been common in continental Germanic-speaking regions, being borne by rulers of the Holy Roman Empire, Germany, Austria, Scandinavia, and Prussia. Notables among these rulers include the 12th-century Holy Roman Emperor and crusader Frederick I Barbarossa, the 13th-century emperor and patron of the arts Frederick II, and the 18th-century Frederick II of Prussia, known as Frederick the Great.
The Normans brought the name to England in the 11th century but it quickly died out. It was reintroduced by the German House of Hanover when they inherited the British throne in the 18th century. A famous bearer was Frederick Douglass (1818-1895), an American ex-slave who became a leading advocate of abolition.
Pronounced: FRAY-ə (English), FRE-ya (German)
From Old Norse Freyja
meaning "lady". This was the name of the goddess of love, beauty, war and death in Norse mythology
. She claimed half of the heroes who were slain in battle and brought them to her realm of Fólkvangr. Along with her brother Freyr
and father Njord
, she was one of the Vanir (as opposed to the Æsir). Some scholars connect her with the goddess Frigg
This is not the usual spelling in any of the Scandinavian languages (in Sweden and Denmark it is Freja and in Norway it is Frøja) but it is the common spelling of the goddess's name in English. In the 2000s it became popular in Britain.
Pronounced: FREE-da (German), FREE-də (English)
Other Scripts: Γαια (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: GIE-A (Classical Greek), GIE-ə (English), GAY-ə (English), GA-ya (Italian)
From the Greek word γαια (gaia)
, a parallel form of γη (ge)
meaning "earth". In Greek mythology
Gaia was the mother goddess who presided over the earth. She was the mate of Uranus
and the mother of the Titans and the Cyclopes.
Pronounced: GAV-in (English)
Medieval form of GAWAIN
. Though it died out in England, it was reintroduced from Scotland in the 20th century.
From the Germanic element hug
, meaning "heart, mind, spirit". It was common among Frankish and French nobility, being borne by Hugh Capet, a 10th-century king of France who founded the Capetian dynasty. The Normans
brought the name to England and it became common there, even more so after the time of the 12th-century bishop Saint
Hugh of Lincoln, who was known for his charity. This was also the name of kings of Cyprus and the crusader kingdom of Jerusalem. The name is used in Ireland and Scotland as the Anglicized form of Aodh
Other Scripts: Ιανθη (Ancient Greek)
Means "violet flower", derived from Greek ιον (ion)
"violet" and ανθος (anthos)
"flower". This was the name of an ocean nymph in Greek mythology
Means "sparkle brilliance" in Sindarin. In the 'Silmarillion' (1977) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Idril was the daughter of Turgon, the king of Gondolin. She escaped the destruction of that place with her husband Tuor
and sailed with him into the west.
Pronounced: ING-rid (Swedish), ING-ree (Norwegian), ING-grit (German), ING-greet (German)
From the Old Norse
meaning "Ing is beautiful", derived from the name of the Germanic
combined with fríðr
"beautiful". A famous bearer was the Swedish actress Ingrid Bergman (1915-1982).
Pronounced: ie-ON-ə (English)
From the name of the island off Scotland where Saint
Columba founded a monastery. The name of the island is Old Norse
in origin, and apparently derives simply from ey
Pronounced: i-ZOL-də (English), i-SOL-də (English), ee-ZAWL-də (German)
The origins of this name are uncertain, though some Celtic roots have been suggested. It is possible that the name is ultimately Germanic
, perhaps from a hypothetic name like Ishild
, composed of the elements is
"ice, iron" and hild
In medieval Arthurian legend Isolde was an Irish princess betrothed to King Mark of Cornwall. After accidentally drinking a love potion, she became the lover of his knight Tristan, which led to their tragic deaths. The story was popular during the Middle Ages and the name became relatively common in England at that time. It was rare by the 19th century, though some interest was generated by Richard Wagner's opera 'Tristan und Isolde' (1865).
Pronounced: JAYMZ (English)
English form of the Late Latin name Iacomus
which was derived from Ιακωβος (Iakobos)
, the New Testament
Greek form of the Hebrew name Ya'aqov
). This was the name of two apostles in the New Testament. The first was Saint
James the Greater, the apostle John
's brother, who was beheaded under Herod Agrippa in the Book of Acts. The second was James the Lesser, son of Alphaeus. Another James (known as James the Just) is also mentioned in the Bible as being the brother of Jesus
Since the 13th century this name has been used in England, though it became more common in Scotland where it was borne by several kings. In the 17th century the Scottish king James VI inherited the English throne, becoming the first ruler of all Britain, and the name grew much more popular. Famous bearers include the English explorer Captain James Cook (1728-1779), the Scottish inventor James Watt (1736-1819), and the Irish novelist and poet James Joyce (1882-1941). This name has also been borne by six American presidents. A notable fictional bearer is the British spy James Bond, created by author Ian Fleming.
Gender: Masculine & Feminine
Originally a Lowland Scots diminutive
. Since the late 19th century it has also been used as a feminine form.
From the Old English
, which was composed of the elements cene
"bold, keen" and helm
Kenelm was a 9th-century martyr from Mercia, where he was a member of the royal family. The name was occasionally used during the Middle Ages, but has since become rare.
Pronounced: LOW-raws, LAV-raws
Personal note: Letitia Niamh
From the Late Latin name Laetitia
which meant "joy, happiness". This was the name of an obscure saint
, who is revered mainly in Spain. It was in use in England during the Middle Ages, usually in the spelling Lettice
, and it was revived in the 18th century.
Personal note: Lilias Mara, Lilias Niamh
Gender: Masculine & Feminine
Pronounced: LO-gən (English)
From a surname which was originally derived from a Scottish place name meaning "little hollow" in Scottish Gaelic.
Means "the moon" in Latin. Luna was the Roman goddess of the moon, frequently depicted driving a white chariot through the sky.
Pronounced: LIE-rə (English)
Personal note: Lyra Calanthe
The name of the constellation in the northern sky containing the star Vega. It is said to be shaped after the lyre of Orpheus.
Pronounced: MAYV (Irish)
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Medb
meaning "intoxicating". In Irish legend this was the name of a warrior queen of Connacht. Her fight against Ulster and the hero Cúchulainn
is told in the Irish epic 'The Cattle Raid of Cooley'.
Other Scripts: Μαια (Ancient Greek), მაია (Georgian)
Pronounced: MIE-A (Classical Greek), MAY-ə (English), MIE-ə (English)
Meaning unknown. In Greek and Roman mythology
she was the eldest of the Pleiades, the group of seven stars in the constellation Taurus, who were the daughters of Atlas
and Pleione. Her son by Zeus
From Scottish Máel Coluim
which means "disciple of Saint COLUMBA
". This was the name of four kings of Scotland starting in the 10th century, including Malcolm III, who became king after killing Macbeth, the usurper who had murdered his father. The character Malcolm in Shakespeare
's tragedy 'Macbeth' (1606) is based on him. Another famous bearer was Malcolm X (1925-1965), an American civil rights leader.
Other Scripts: מָרָא (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: MAHR-ə (English), MAR-ə (English)
Means "bitter" in Hebrew. This is a name taken by Naomi
in the Old Testament
(see Ruth 1:20).
Means "festive" in Irish Gaelic. In Irish legend this was the name of the mother of Fionn
Pronounced: MYUR-ee-əl (English), MUR-ee-əl (English), MUY-RYEL (French)
Medieval English form of a Celtic name which was probably related to the Irish name MUIRGEL
. The Normans
brought it to England from Brittany. In the modern era it was popularized by a character from Dinah Craik's novel 'John Halifax, Gentleman' (1856).
Pronounced: NEEL (English)
From the Gaelic name Niall
, which is of disputed origin, possibly meaning "champion" or "cloud". This was the name of a semi-legendary 4th-century Irish king, Niall of the Nine Hostages.
In the early Middle Ages the name was adopted by Viking raiders and settlers in Ireland in the form Njal. The Vikings transmitted it to England and Scotland, as well as bringing it back to Scandinavia. It was also in use among the Normans, who were of Scandinavian origin. A famous bearer of this name was American astronaut Neil Armstrong (1930-2012), the first person to walk on the moon.
Pronounced: NYEE-əl (Irish)
Original Gaelic spelling of NEIL
Pronounced: NYEE-əv (Irish), NYEEV (Irish)
Personal note: Niamh Letitia, Niamh Lilias
Means "bright" in Irish. She was the daughter of the sea god in Irish legends. She fell in love with the poet Oisín
, son of Fionn
Pronounced: NO-ə (English)
Derived from the Hebrew name נֹחַ (Noach)
meaning "rest, comfort". According to the Old Testament
, Noah was the builder of the Ark that allowed him, his family, and animals of each species to survive the great Flood. After the Flood he received the sign of the rainbow as a covenant from God. He was the father of Shem
As an English Christian name, Noah has been used since the Protestant Reformation, being common among the Puritans. A famous bearer was the American lexicographer Noah Webster (1758-1843).
Means "little pale green one", derived from Irish odhra
"pale green, sallow" combined with a diminutive
suffix. This was the name of a saint
who travelled with Saint Columba through Scotland.
Pronounced: AHS-kər (English), AWS-KAR (French)
Possibly means "deer friend", derived from Gaelic os
"deer" and cara
"friend". Alternatively, it may derive from the Old English
or its Old Norse cognate ÁSGEIRR
, which may have been brought to Ireland by Viking invaders and settlers. In Irish legend Oscar was the son of the poet Oisín
and the grandson of the hero Fionn
This name was popularized in continental Europe by the works of the 18th-century Scottish poet James Macpherson. Napoleon was an admirer of Macpherson, and he suggested Oscar as the second middle name of his godson, who eventually became king of Sweden as Oscar I. Another notable bearer was the Irish writer and humourist Oscar Wilde (1854-1900).
Other Scripts: Φοιβη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: FEE-bee (English)
Latinized form of the Greek name Φοιβη (Phoibe)
, which meant "bright, pure" from Greek φοιβος (phoibos)
. In Greek mythology
Phoibe was a Titan associated with the moon. This was also an epithet of her granddaughter, the moon goddess Artemis
. The name appears in Paul
's epistle to the Romans in the New Testament
, where it belongs to a female minister in the church at Cenchreae. In England, it began to be used as a given name after the Protestant Reformation
. A moon of Saturn bears this name (in honour of the Titan).
Pronounced: HREES (Welsh), REES (English)
Means "enthusiasm" in Welsh. Several Welsh rulers have borne this name.
Derived from the Germanic elements hrod
"fame" and swinth
"strength". This was the name of a 10th-century nun from Saxony who wrote several notable poems.
Means "freedom" in Irish Gaelic.
Pronounced: SEEL-vya (Italian), SEEL-bya (Spanish), SIL-vee-ə (English), ZIL-vya (German)
Feminine form of SILVIUS
Silvia was the mother of Romulus
, the founders of Rome. This was also the name of a 6th-century saint
, the mother of the pope Gregory the Great. It has been a common name in Italy since the Middle Ages. It was introduced to England by Shakespeare
, who used it for a character in his play 'The Two Gentlemen of Verona' (1594). It is now more commonly spelled Sylvia
in the English-speaking world.
Other Scripts: Σοφια (Greek)
Pronounced: so-FEE-ə (English), sə-FIE-ə (British English), zo-FEE-a (German)
Means "wisdom" in Greek. This was the name of an early, probably mythical, saint
who died of grief after her three daughters were martyred during the reign of the emperor Hadrian. Legends about her probably arose as a result of a medieval misunderstanding of the phrase Hagia Sophia
"Holy Wisdom", which is the name of a large basilica in Constantinople.
This name was common among continental European royalty during the Middle Ages, and it was popularized in Britain by the German House of Hanover when they inherited the British throne in the 18th century. It was the name of characters in the novels 'Tom Jones' (1749) by Henry Fielding and 'The Vicar of Wakefield' (1766) by Oliver Goldsmith. A famous bearer is the Italian actress Sophia Loren (1934-).
Scandinavian form of the Old English
, which meant "sun gift" from the Old English elements sunne
"sun" and giefu
"gift". This was the name of a legendary English saint
who was shipwrecked in Norway and killed by the inhabitants.
Pronounced: THEE-o (English), TAY-o (Dutch)
Means "wind" in Finnish.
Copyright © Mike Campbell 1996-2017.
Pronounced: VAL-ə-ree (English), VA-lə-ree (German)