ALBAN m German, French, Albanian, English (Rare)
From the Roman cognomen Albanus
, which meant "from Alba"
. Alba (from Latin albus
"white") was the name of various places within the Roman Empire, including the city Alba Longa. This name was borne by Saint Alban, the first British martyr (4th century). According to tradition, he sheltered a fugitive priest in his house. When his house was searched, he disguised himself as the priest, was arrested in his stead, and was beheaded. As an English name, Alban
was occasionally used in the Middle Ages and was revived in the 18th century, though it is now uncommon.
ARDIT m Albanian
Means "golden day"
in Albanian, from ar
"gold" and ditë
ARUSHI f Hinduism, Indian, Hindi
From Sanskrit अरुष (arusha)
meaning "reddish, dawn"
, a word used in the Rigveda to describe the red horses of Agni
. This name also appears in the Hindu epic the Mahabharata
belonging to a daughter of Manu
and the wife of Chyavana, though in this case it might derive from Sanskrit आरुषी (arushi)
meaning "hitting, killing"
ASENA f Turkish
Possibly of Scythian origin meaning "blue"
. In Turkic mythology Asena was a grey wolf who gave birth to the ancestor of the Ashina tribe of Turks.
AUREA f Late Roman
Late Latin name that was derived from aureus "golden"
. This was the name of a 3rd-century saint from Ostia (near Rome), as well as an 11th-century Spanish saint.
CAESO m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, that was probably derived from Latin caesius
. This praenomen was only used by a few families.
CEINWEN f Welsh
Derived from the Welsh elements cain
"good, lovely" and gwen
"white, fair, blessed".
CHAE-WON f Korean
From Sino-Korean 采 (chae)
meaning "collect, gather, pluck" or 彩 (chae)
meaning "colour" combined with 原 (won)
meaning "source, origin, beginning". Other hanja combinations can also form this name.
CHAE-YEONG f Korean
From Sino-Korean 彩 (chae)
meaning "colour" combined with 榮 (yeong)
meaning "glory, honour" or 瑛 (yeong)
meaning "jade". This name can be formed using other hanja combinations as well.
DELWYN m Welsh
Means "pretty and white"
from Welsh del
"pretty" combined with gwyn
"fair, white, blessed".
DILWYN m Welsh
Means "genuine and white"
from the Welsh element dilys
"genuine" combined with gwyn
"white, fair, blessed".
EILWEN f Welsh
Perhaps means "white brow"
, derived from Welsh ael
"brow" and gwen
"white, fair, blessed". This is a recently-created Welsh name.
FINNEGAN m Irish, English (Modern)
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Fionnagáin
meaning "descendant of Fionnagán"
. The name Fionnagán
is a diminutive of FIONN
. This was the name of a character in James Joyce's novel Finnegans Wake
(1939), the title of which was based on a 19th-century Irish ballad called Finnegan's Wake
FLAVIAN m History (Ecclesiastical)
From the Roman family name Flavianus
, which was derived from FLAVIUS
. This was the name of several early saints including a 5th-century patriarch of Constantinople who was beaten to death.
GWEN f Welsh, English
From Welsh gwen
, the feminine form of gwyn
meaning "white, fair, blessed". It can also be a short form of GWENDOLEN
, and other names beginning with Gwen
GWENDAL m Breton
Derived from Breton gwenn
meaning "white, fair, blessed" and tal
meaning "brow, forehead".
GWENDOLEN f Welsh
Means "white ring"
, derived from the Welsh elements gwen
meaning "white, fair, blessed" and dolen
meaning "ring, loop". This was the name of a mythical queen of the Britons who defeated her husband in battle, as told by Geoffrey of Monmouth.
GWENFREWI f Welsh
Derived from the Welsh elements gwen
meaning "white, fair, blessed" and ffrewi
meaning "reconciliation, peace". Saint Gwenffrewi or Winifred was a 7th-century Welsh martyr.
GWYN m Welsh
Means "white, fair, blessed"
HONG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 虹 (hóng)
meaning "rainbow", 弘 (hóng)
meaning "enlarge, expand, great" (which is usually only masculine) or 鸿 (hóng)
meaning "wild swan, great, vast" (also usually only masculine). Other characters can also form this name.
JOLÁNKA f Hungarian (Rare)
Created by the Hungarian writer András Dugonics for the main character in his novel Jólánka, Etelkának Leánya
(1803). He may have based it on Hungarian jóleán
meaning "good girl" or possibly on the name YOLANDA
LEOCADIA f Spanish, Late Roman
Late Latin name that might be derived from the name of the Greek island of Leucadia
or from Greek λευκός (leukos)
meaning "bright, clear, white"
(which is also the root of the island's name). Saint Leocadia was a 3rd-century martyr from Spain.
LIVIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name that may be related to either Latin liveo "to envy"
or lividus "blue, envious"
. Titus Livius, also known as Livy, was a Roman historian who wrote a history of the city of Rome.
MEINWEN f Welsh
Means "slender and white"
from Welsh main
"slender" and gwen
"white, fair, blessed".
ORABELA f Esperanto
in Esperanto, ultimately from Latin aurea
"gold" and bella
ÓRFHLAITH f Irish
Means "golden princess"
from Irish ór
"gold" combined with flaith
"princess". This was the name of a sister of the Irish king Brian
ROSAURA f Spanish
Means "golden rose"
, derived from Latin rosa
"rose" and aurea
"golden". This name was (first?) used by Pedro Calderón de la Barca for a character in his play Life Is a Dream
SELEUCUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Σέλευκος (Seleukos)
, of unknown meaning. It is possibly related to λευκός (leukos)
meaning "bright, white". This was the name of one of Alexander the Great's generals, who established the Seleucid Empire in Western Asia after Alexander's death.
TEGWEN f Welsh
Derived from the Welsh elements teg
"fair" and gwen
VANNA (2) f & m Khmer
in Khmer, ultimately from Sanskrit.
ZARINA f Kazakh, Urdu, Malay
From Persian زرین (zarin)
. According to the 5th-century BC Greek historian Ctesias, this was the name of a Scythian queen.
ŽYDRŪNAS m Lithuanian
From Lithuanian žydra
meaning "light blue"
(using the patronymic suffix ūnas