Centaurs are very dear to me. I have named by daughter Nephele (Nebula) after the mother of the Centaurs. Here are the principal Centaurs and their names' etymologies:
Agrios - wild, fierce, evil Agchios - near, from agchi- Aisakos - branch of myrtle or laurel Amykos - without nose (from amykter Amphion - on both sides (amphi- is related to the Latin ambi-) Aratos - prayed against, accursed Argeios - from the plain (argos). There are also several Greek town called Argos.. Argeus - Same as Argos Asbolos - soot Bianor - bodily strength, force (from bia) Gleneus - playful (from glenos, meaning playthings) Dapnis - bayberry Dexamenos - accepting, receiving (from dexameni, receptacle) Demoleon - Lion (leon) of the people (demos) Doupon - making a dead, heavy sound (doupos) Dryalos - to talk nonsense, play the fool (dryazein) Elatos - to drive, drive on, set in motion (enauno) Erigdoupos - loud-sounding, thundering, from eris (discord) and gdoupos (sound). Eurybios - having a broad, robust (eurys) life (bios). Eurynomos - Broad, far-reaching (eurys) law (nomos) Thaumas - causing wonder, marvel (thauma) Thereus - hunter, chaser Iambreus - Iambic, speaking in verse Ixion - from Hiketes, one who comes to seek protection, a suppliant or fugitive Ixon - as above Hippasos - related to horses/riding (hippasia = horse riding) Hippotion - a horseman, knight (from hippotes) Isoples Equally (iso-) armed (oplon) Klanis - the weeper, lamenter (from klano to lament). Means he who farts in contemporary Greek. Lykidas - wolf's cub, from lykos Melagchaites - dark-mane, from mela (black) and chaite (mane) Melaneus - The dark one, from melas (black) Mermeros - Baneful, warlike Mimas - actor, mime Nessos - possibly related to homecoming (nostos). Nostalgia has the same root. Oiklos - possibly related to oikos (to be like) Homados - noisy throng, mob of warriors Oreios - of or from the mountains, mountain-haunting Ourios - of or from the mountains, mountain-haunting Ophion - serprnt-like, from ophis (pronounced like Office, come to think of it!) Perimedes - prudent and cunning, from medos. Petraios - living among the rocks (from petra) Peukeides - living in the pine forest (from peukon, pine tree) Pylenor - he who tends the gates/doors (from pyle) Pyretos - burning heat, fiery heat, fever Roikos - fluid, flowing (from rheo) Roitos- fluid, flowing (from rheo) Hylaios - belonging to the wood or forest, savage (from hyle, woods) Phlegaios - twines or twisted (from plegma) Pholos - loaded, beast of burden (phol-) Phrikios - shivering, causing shivers (phrike). The word freak descended from phrike) Phrixos - shivering, causing shivers (phrike). The word freak descended from phrike) Cheiron - worse, meaner, inferior
Centaur names were culled from *Thesaurus of Greek Names* by Ares Diamantes (Athens, 2001. Once again, etymologies were drawn from Liddell-Scott and common sense.