ADAD-NIRARI m Ancient Assyrian
Means "Adad is my helper"
, from the god's name ADAD
combined with Akkadian nērāru
meaning "helper". This name was borne by three kings of the Assyrian Empire.
ASHURBANIPAL m Ancient Assyrian (Anglicized)
From Akkadian Ashur-bani-apli
meaning "ASHUR is creator of a son"
. This was the name of one of the final kings of the Assyrian Empire, reigning late in the 7th century BC. He appears in the Old Testament under the name Asnappar
BELSHAZZAR m Babylonian (Anglicized), Biblical
From בֵּלְשַׁאצַּר (Belshatzzar)
, the Hebrew form of the Akkadian name Bel-sharra-usur
protect the king". This was the name of the son of Nabonidus, the last king of the Babylonian Empire before the Persians conquered it in the 6th century BC. In the Old Testament Book of Daniel Belshazzar is the last king of Babylon who sees the mystical handwriting on the wall, which is interpreted by Daniel to portend the end of the empire.
ENHEDUANNA f Akkadian
From Sumerian En-hedu-anna
, derived from 𒂗 (en)
meaning "lady, high priestess" combined with 𒃶𒌌 (hedu)
meaning "ornament" and the god's name AN (2)
. This was the Sumerian title of a 23rd-century BC priestess and poet, identified as a daughter of Sargon
of Akkad. Presumably she had an Akkadian birth name, but it is unrecorded. She is regarded as one of the earliest known poets.
HANNIBAL m Phoenician (Latinized), History
Means "grace of Ba'al"
from Phoenician hann
"grace" combined with the name of the god BA'AL
. Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who threatened Rome during the Second Punic War in the 3rd century BC.
NABOPOLASSAR m Babylonian (Anglicized)
From the Akkadian name Nabu-apla-usur
meaning "Nabu protect my son"
, derived from the god's name NABU
combined with aplu
meaning "son, heir" and an imperative form of naṣāru
meaning "to protect". This was the name of a 7th-century BC king of the Babylonian Empire, the first of the Chaldean dynasty.
NARAM-SIN m Akkadian
Means "beloved of Sin"
, from Akkadian narāmu
and the god's name SIN
. This was the name of a 23rd-century BC ruler of the Akkadian Empire, the grandson of Sargon
NEBUCHADNEZZAR m Babylonian (Anglicized), Biblical
From נְבוּכַדְנֶאצֲּר (Nevukhadnetzzar)
, the Hebrew form of the Akkadian name Nabu-kudurri-usur
meaning "Nabu protect my eldest son", derived from the god's name NABU
combined with kudurru
meaning "eldest son" and an imperative form of naṣāru
meaning "to protect". This name was borne by a 12th-century BC king of the Babylonian Empire. It was also borne by a 6th-century BC king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire. He captured Jerusalem, and ultimately destroyed the city's temple and deported many of its citizens, as told in the Old Testament.
NINOS m Ancient Assyrian (Hellenized)
Probably from the name of the ancient city of NINEVEH
in Assyria. According to Greek historians this was the name of the husband of Semiramis
and the founder of Nineveh. In actuality he does not correspond to any known Assyrian king, and is likely a composite character named after the city.
PUABI f Akkadian
Means "word of my father"
, from Akkadian pû
meaning "mouth" and abu
meaning "father". Puabi was a 26th-century BC Akkadian noblewoman who was buried in the Sumerian city of Ur.
SARGON m Akkadian (Anglicized), Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew form סַרְגּוֹן (Sargon)
of the Akkadian name Sharru-ukin
, from šarru
meaning "king" and kīnu
meaning "legitimate, true". This was the name of the first king of the Akkadian Empire, beginning in the 24th century BC. It was also borne by the 8th-century BC Assyrian king Sargon II, who appears briefly in the Old Testament. The usual English spelling of the name is based on this biblical mention, applied retroactively to the earlier king.
SEMIRAMIS f Ancient Assyrian (Hellenized)
Probably from a Greek form of the name SHAMMURAMAT
. According to ancient Greek and Armenian sources, Semiramis (Շամիրամ (Shamiram)
in Armenian) was an Assyrian queen who conquered much of Asia. Though the tales are legendary, she might be loosely based on the real Assyrian queen.
SHAMMURAMAT f Ancient Assyrian
Meaning unknown, possibly derived from a Western Semitic language and meaning "high heaven"
. Shammuramat was a 9th-century BC queen of Assyria. After her young son inherited the throne, she acted as his regent for five years. The legendary figure Semiramis
may be based on her.
TASHLULTUM f Akkadian
Meaning unknown, presumably of Akkadian origin. It appears to end with the Akkadian feminine suffix -tum
. This was the name of a wife of Sargon
YESHUA m Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Aramaic
Contracted form of Yehoshu'a
) used in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah in the Hebrew Bible. The form was also used in Aramaic, and was most likely the name represented by Greek Iesous
) in the New Testament. This means it was probably the real name of Jesus.