Japanese Emperors

This list is comprised of Japanese Emperors and Empresses (天皇 Tenno). The first emperor, Jimmu, and his successors are widely considered to be legendary. It is not until the 6th-century that names and dates can be assigned with more certainty. For much of their history the emperors have only been ceremonial rulers, with actual power in the hands of others (such as the shoguns who ruled from 1192 to 1867).

The name listed is the personal name, if known. Deceased emperors are in fact usually referred to by a posthumous name. Since the time of emperor Meiji, this posthumous name coincides with the name of the era.

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NameHistorical NameYearsTypeOther Names
AbeKoken749-758; 765-770empress(Koken, Shotoku)
AheGenmei707-715empress(Abe, Genmei, Genmyo)
AkihitoHeisei1989-emperor(Heisei)
AkihitoSutoku1123-1142emperor(Sutoku)
AnkanAnkanc. 531-c. 536emperor
AnkoAnkoc. 453-c. 456emperor
AnneiAnneic. 549-c. 511 BCemperor
AsahitoHigashiyama1687-1709emperor(Higashiyama)
AteHeizei806-809emperor(Heizei)
AtsuhiraGo-Ichijo1016-1036emperor(Ichijo)
AtsuhitoDaigo897-930emperor(Daigo)
AtsunagaGo-Suzaku1036-1045emperor(Atsuyoshi, Suzaku)
AyahitoNinko1817-1846emperor(Ninko)
BidatsuBidatsu572-585emperor
BuretsuBuretsuc. 498-c. 506emperor
ChikahitoGo-Reizei1045-1068emperor(Reizei)
ChuaiChuaic. 192-c. 200emperor
FusahitoGo-Tsuchimikado1464-1500emperor(Tsuchimikado)
HanzeiHanzeic. 406-c. 410emperor(Hansho)
HatsusebeSushun587-592emperor(Sushun)
HidakaGensho715-724empress(Gensho)
HidehitoGo-Momozono1771-1779emperor(Momozono)
HikohitoGo-Hanazono1428-1464emperor(Hanazono)
HiroakiraSuzaku930-946emperor(Suzaku, Yutaakira)
HirohitoFushimi1287-1298emperor(Fushimi)
HirohitoShowa1926-1989emperor(Showa)
HironariGo-Kameyama1383-1392emperor(Kameyama)
HisahitoGo-Fukakusa1246-1260emperor(Fukakusa)
IngyoIngyoc. 410-c. 453emperor
ItokuItokuc. 510-c. 476 BCemperor
IyasadaSanjo1011-1016emperor(Okisada, Sanjo)
JimmuJimmuc. 660-c. 585 BCemperor(Jinmu)
JinguJinguc. 201-c. 269empress
KaikaKaikac. 157-c. 98 BCemperor
KaminoSaga809-823emperor(Saga)
KanehitoIchijo986-1011emperor(Ichijo, Yasuhito)
KanenariChukyo1221emperor(Chukyo)
KaruKotoku645-654emperor(Kotoku)
KaruMonmu697-707emperor(Monmu)
KatahitoGo-Yozei1586-1611emperor(Yozei)
KatsuhitoGo-Kashiwabara1500-1526emperor(Kashiwabara)
KeikoKeikoc. 71-c. 130emperor
KeitaiKeitaic. 507-c. 531emperor
KinmeiKinmei539-571emperor
KoanKoanc. 392-c. 291 BCemperor
KogenKogenc. 214-c. 158 BCemperor
KorehitoSeiwa858-876emperor(Seiwa)
KoreiKoreic. 290-c. 215 BCemperor
KoshoKoshoc. 475-c. 393 BCemperor
KotohitoGo-Mizunoo1611-1629emperor(Masahito, Mizunoo)
KuniharuGo-Nijo1301-1308emperor(Nijo)
KunihitoGo-Saga1242-1246emperor(Saga)
MasahitoGo-Shirakawa1155-1158emperor(Shirakawa)
MasaraNinmyo833-850emperor(Ninmyo)
MichihitoOgimachi1557-1586emperor(Ogimachi)
MichiyasuMontoku850-858emperor(Montoku)
MihitoShoko1412-1428emperor(Shoko)
MitsuhitoShijo1232-1242emperor(Shijo, Tosihito)
MorihiraEn'yu969-984emperor(En'yu)
MorihitoNijo1158-1165emperor(Nijo)
MorinariJuntoku1210-1221emperor(Juntoku)
MorosadaKazan984-986emperor(Kazan)
MotohitoGo-Komatsu1392-1412emperor(Komatsu)
MunehitoToba1107-1123emperor(Toba)
MutsuhitoMeiji1867-1912emperor(Meiji)
NagahitoGo-Sai1655-1663emperor(Junna, Sai)
Naka-no-OeTenji661-671emperor(Tenji)
NariakiraMurakami946-967emperor(Murakami)
NarihitoKonoe1142-1155emperor(Konoe)
NintokuNintokuc. 313-c. 399emperor
NobuhitoRokujo1165-1168emperor(Rokujo, Yorihito)
NorihiraReizei967-969emperor(Reizei)
NorihitoTakakura1168-1180emperor(Takakura)
NoriyoshiGo-Murakami1339-1368emperor(Murakami)
NukatabeSuiko593-628empress(Suiko, Toyomike)
OamaTenmu673-686emperor(Tenmu)
ObitoShomu724-749emperor(Shomu)
OeYomei585-587emperor(Tachibana, Yomei)
OhatsuseYuryakuc. 456-c. 479emperor(Yuryaku)
OiJunnin758-764emperor(Junnin)
OjinOjinc. 270-c. 310emperor(Homutawake, Hondawake)
OkaKenzoc. 485-c. 487emperor(Kenzo)
OkikoMeisho1629-1643empress(Meisho)
OsahitoKomei1846-1867emperor(Komei)
OtomoJunna823-833emperor(Junna)
OtomoKobun672emperor(Kobun)
OyokeNinkenc. 488-c. 498emperor(Ninken)
RichuRichuc. 400-c. 405emperor
SadaakiraYozei876-884emperor(Yozei)
SadahitoShirakawa1073-1086emperor(Shirakawa)
SadamiUda887-897emperor(Uda)
SatohitoReigen1663-1687emperor(Reigen)
SeimuSeimuc. 131-c. 191emperor
SenkaSenkac. 536-c. 539emperor
ShirakaSeineic. 480-c. 484emperor(Seinei)
ShirakabeKonin770-781emperor(Konin)
SuininSuininc. 29 BC-c. 70emperor
SuizeiSuizeic. 581-c. 549 BCemperor
SujinSujinc. 97-c. 30 BCemperor
TakaharuGo-Daigo1318-1339emperor(Daigo)
TakahiraGo-Toba1183-1198emperor(Takanari, Toba)
TakahitoGo-Sanjo1068-1073emperor(Sanjo)
TakaraKogyoku642-645; 655-661empress(Kogyoku, Saimei)
TamehitoTsuchimikado1198-1210emperor(Tsuchimikado)
TamuraJomei629-641emperor(Jomei)
TanehitoGo-Fushimi1298-1301emperor(Fushimi)
TaruhitoHorikawa1087-1107emperor(Horikawa)
TeruhitoSakuramachi1735-1747emperor(Sakuramachi)
TokiyatsuKoko884-887emperor(Koko, Komatsu)
TokohitoAntoku1180-1185emperor(Antoku)
TomihitoHanazono1308-1318emperor(Hanazono)
TomohitoGo-Nara1526-1557emperor(Nara)
TomohitoKokaku1780-1817emperor(Kokaku)
ToohitoMomozono1747-1762emperor(Momozono)
ToshikoGo-Sakuramachi1762-1770empress(Sakuramachi)
TsuguhitoGo-Komyo1643-1655emperor(Komyo)
TsunehitoKameyama1259-1274emperor(Kameyama)
UnonosararaJito686-697empress(Jito, Uno)
YamabeKanmu781-806emperor(Kanmu)
YasuhitoNakamikado1709-1735emperor(Nakamikado)
YohitoGo-Uda1274-1287emperor(Uda)
YoshihitoTaisho1912-1926emperor(Taisho)
YutahitoGo-Horikawa1221-1232emperor(Horikawa, Motsihito)
YutanariChokei1368-1383emperor(Chokei)
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