Other Forms FormsTroilos
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Contributor Contrib.Polly Names on 5/13/2011
Latinized form of Greek Τρωΐλος (Trôilos) which is said to be related to Τρώιος (Trôios) meaning "Trojan". In Greek myth Troilus was a Trojan prince, the son of Priam and Hecuba, whose fate was linked with that of Troy. Eventually he was ambushed and murdered by Achilles.In medieval and Renaissance versions of the legend, Troilus is the youngest of Priam's five legitimate sons by Hecuba. Despite his youth he is one of the main Trojan War leaders. He dies in battle at Achilles' hands. In a popular addition to the story, originating in the 12th century, Troilus falls in love with Cressida, whose father has defected to the Greeks. Chaucer and Shakespeare are among the authors who wrote works telling the story of Troilus and Cressida. Within the medieval tradition, Troilus was regarded as a paragon of the faithful courtly lover and also of the virtuous pagan knight. Once the custom of courtly love had faded, his fate was regarded less sympathetically.